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O    R 

Hiftory  of  England, 

From  the  earlieft  TIMES, 

T  O    T  H  E 

Reftoration  of  King  CHARLES  II. 


From  the  RECORDS,  the  ROLLS  of  Parliament,  the  JOURNALS 
of  both  Houfes,  the  Public  LIBRARIES,  Original  MANU- 
SCRIPTS, fcarce  SPEECHES,  and  TRACTS  j  all  compared  with 
the  feveral  Contemporary  Writers,  and  connected,  through- 
out, with  the  Hiftory  of  the  Times. 



VOL.    XXII. 

From  the  Difturbances  in  Oflolfr,  16^9,  to  the  Reiteration  of  the  King; 
and  an  Adjournment  of  the  Convention  Parliament  in  September,  1660. 


Printed  for  J.  and  R.  TON  SON,   and  A.  MILLAR,  in  the 
Strand j  and  W.  S  A  N  D  B  Y,  in  Fleet-Jlreet. 


'yil  ,?» \ 
-.t-sr/. ^ pi  •..-.>* j.,. 


',  H-E  Compilers  of  this  PARLIAMENTARY 
HISTORY  gf- England  prefent  the  Public 
'with  two  Vokimes  more  of  that  Work-, 
and  were  in  Hopes  that  thefe  would  have  finally 
concluded  it,  down  to  their  original  Dejign  of  bring- 
ing the  Hiftory  to  the  End  of  the  Long,  or  Conven- 
tion, Parliament :  But  a  curious  Manufcript  being 
fent  in,  the  Work  of  fome  Member  of  that  very 
Affemblyy  which  contains  a  Journal,  or  Diary,  of  all 
their  Debates,  it  has  unavoidably  lengthened  our 
Hiftory  fomew  hat  beyond  our  Purpofe.  A  few  Sheets 
more  of  it,  therefore,  remain  yet  to  be  publijhed', 
which,  with  fome  very  inter  efting  Particulars  relative 
to  this  Hiftory,  and  which  have  come  to  Handjince 
the  Publication  of  the  former  Volumes,  muft  be  poft^ 



ii         PREFACE. 

ported.  'Thefe  loft  we  intend  to  add  as  an  Appendix, 
to  precede  the  Index-,  which,  altogether,  are  in 
great  .For  war  dnefs  to  follow  the  reft*  But,  as 
every  one  knows,  an  Index  to  any  Book  cannot  be 
completed  till  every  Sheet  of  the  Work  be  printed  of, 
it  needs  the  lefs  Apology  for  the  Delay*  . 

The  Form  and  Manner  of  our  Index  has  been 
laid  before,  and  approved  by,  two  very  great  Men, 
whom  we  are  not  at  Liberty  to  name  -,  we  Jhall 
therefore  be  in  the  lefs  Pain  about  the  Publication, 
?iot  doubting  but  it  will  equally  pleafe  our  Readers. 



Parliamentary    Hiftory 

O    F 


H  £  Army  being   now  once  again  Inter-regnum* 
entire  Lords  and  Matters  of  all,  had          ?59'   . 
many  Confutations  how  they  Ihould    ^^J^oj,^ 
new  model  the  Government ;  and 
firft  they  declared  Flettwood  to  be  Thfe  Army  fend 
their  Commander  in  Chief.     They  Letters.t0^ 
next  difpatch'd  Mefiengers  to  the  Armies  in  Scot-  j™^* 
land  and  Ireland,  to  acquaint  them  with  what  they 
had  done  ;  knowing  well,   That  it  was  of  great 
Importance   to   fecure  thofe   Forces  in  their   In- 
tereft.     The  Council  of  State  met  very  feldom^ 
and  that  privately  ;  at  one  of  which  Meetings,  Lud- 
Icw  informs  us,  Col.  Sydinkaih  made  a  Speech,  in 
Vindication  of  the  late  Proceedings  of  the  Army  ; 
and  undertook  to  prove,  That  they  were  neceffi- 
tated  to  make  ufe  of  this  laft  Remedy  by  a  particular 
Call  of  the  Divine  Providence.     But,  that  the  Lord 
Prefident  Bradjhaw,  who  was  then  prefcnt,  tho',  by 
long  Sicknefs,  very  weak   and  much    emaciated, 
yet,  adds  our  Author,  being  animated  by  his  ardent 
iZeal  and  conftant  Afteclion  to  the  Common  Caufe* 
.     VQL.  XXII.  A  upon 

2        'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  upon  hearing  thefe  Words,  flood  up,  and  interrupted 
l659-        him,   declaring  his  Abhorrence  of  that  deteftable 
October!"      Action  ;  and  telling  the  Council,  That,  being  now 
going  to  his  God,  he  had  not  Patience  to  fit  there 
to  hear  his  great  Name  fo  openly  blafphemed  ;  and 
thereupon  departed  to  his  Lodgings,   and  withdrew 
himfelf  from  public  Employment.     Whether  this 
old  Man  was  a  Prophet  or  no  we  fnall  not  deter- 
mine, yet  it  is  certain  he  went  to  his  God  on  the 
laft  Day  of  this  very  Month  ;  but,  whether  to  re- 
ceive Reward,  or  Punifhment,  is  left  to  the  Reader's 
The  Death  of    Conje&ure.    Wkitkcke  fays,  '  He  died  of  a  Quartan 
Prefident  Brad-  Ague,  which  had  held  him  a  Year  ;  that  he  was  a 
flamt  flout  Man,  and  learned  in  his.ProfeiTion,  but  no 

Friend  to  Monarchy.'  'Tis  certain,  however,  the 
Quartan  Ague  was  a  Friend  to  Prefident  Brad/haw; 
for,  had  he  lived  fome  Months  longer,  he  muft  have 
made  his  Exit  by  the  Hands  of  an  Executioner. 

But,  maugre  all  Qbftacles,  the  Army  was  refolved 
to  go  on  and  fhiifli  their  Work ;  they  fufpended 
from  their  Commands  the  Officers  of  it,  who  had 
appeared  againft  them.  They  nominated  a  Coun- 
cil of  Ten,  namely,  Fleetwood,  Lambert,  fflbitlocke, 
Vane,  Dejborougb,  Harrington,  Sydenbam,  Bury, 
Sahvay,  and  Warrefton,  to  confider  of  proper  W"ays 
to  carry  on  the  Affairs  of  Government.  They 
made,  as  is  faid  before,  Fleetwood  Chief  Commander, 
and  Lambert  Major- General  of  the  Forces  in  Eng- 
land and  Scotland ;  which,  fays  Whitlocke,  much 
difcontented  Monke.  They  appointed  Fleet-wood, 
Lambert,  Vane,  Dejborougb,  Ludloiv,  and  Bury,  to 
be  a  Committee  for  nominating  Officers  of  the  Ar- 
my ;  and,  laftly,  they  kept  a  Day  of  Humiliation  in 
Whitehall  Chapel. 

A  Committee  of  The  next  Thing  they  did  was  to  conftitute,  what 
Safety  named,  they  called,  A  Committee  of  Safety,  confifting  of 
Twenty-three  Perfons  ;  and  that  Letters  fhould  be 
fent  to  every  one  of  them,  to'  undertake  the  Truft. 
Wbitlocke  has  preferved  the  Form  of  one  of  thefe 
Letters,  fent  to  himfelf,  which  was  as  follows  : 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.          3 

for  our  honoured  Friend  Bulftrode  Lord  Whitlocke.  Inter-regnum. 
SIR,  Whitehall,  0£t.  27,  1659.      J6.5!^ 

*  T  T  P  O  N  Confideration  of  the  prefent  Pofture      oacber. 
c   \^J    of  Affairs  of  this  Commonwealth,  the  Ge- 

*  neral   Council   of  Officers  of   the    Army    have 

*  thought  fit  to  appoint  a  Committee  of  Safety,  for 

*  the  Prefervation  of  the  Peace,  and   Management 

*  of  the  prefent  Government  thereof;  as  alfo  for  the 
'  preparing  of  a  Form  of  a  future  Government  for 

*  thefe  Nations,  upon  the  Foundation  of  a  Com- 
«  monwealth  or  Free  State  :  And  yourfelf  being  one 
4  of  the  Perfons  nominated  for  that  Purpofe,  we  do, 

*  by  their  Direction,  hereby  give  you  Notice  thereof, 
'  and  defire  you  to  repair  To-morrow  Morning,  at 
«  Ten  o'Clock,  to  the  Horfe-Chamber  in  IV bite- 

*  hall,  in  order  to  the  Service  aforefaid.     We  reft 

Tour  faithful  Friends  and  Servant s, 


The  faid  Author  makes  a  great  many  Apologies  for 
his  accepting  this  Office  ;  and  would  fain  perfuade- 
his  Readers,  That  he  had  no  lucrative  Views  ia 
taking  of  it ;  but  tr>e  Confequences  will  {hew  jb^: 
contrary :  However,  his  Rpafom  feem  to  gives  u^ 
fome  Light  into  the  fecret  Workings  of  tht  ie  dari 
Times,  and  therefore  take  them  in  his  own  Words  ; 

Oftoler  28.  «  The  Committee  of  Safety  were  .to 
meet,  Wbithcke  had  revolved  in  his  Mind  the  pre- 
fent State  of  Affairs,  that  there  was  no  vifible  Au- 
thority or  Power  for  Government,  a^  thjs  Time,  but  • 
that  of  the  Army  ;  that  if  fome  legal  Authority  were 
not  agreed  upon  and  fettled,  the  Armywould  pro- 
bably take  it  into  their  Hands',  and  govern  by  the; 
Sword,  or  fet  up  fome  Form  pYejudkial  to  the  Right£; 
and  Liberties  of  the  People,  and  tor  the  particula^i 
Advantage  and  Intereft  of  the  Soldiery,  more  than>: 
would  be  convenient. 



Monkia  firft 
Letter  from  Sc 
land  to  the  Er. 
HJb  Army, 

4        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

*  That  he  knowing  the  Purpofe  of  Vane  and  other* 
to  be  fuch,  as  to  the  lefiening  of  the  Power  of  the 
Laws,  and  fo  to  change  them,  and  the  Magiftracy, 
Miniftry,  and  Government  of  the  Nation,  as  might 
be  of  dangerous  Confequence  to  the  Peace  and 
Rights  of  his  Country  :  To  prevent- which,  and  to 
keep  Things  in  a  better  Order  and  Form,  he  might 
be  instrumental  in  this  Employment.  Upon  thefe 
and  the  like  Grounds,  as  alfo  by  the  Engagement 
of  divers  of  the  Committee  to  join  with  him  therein, 
he  was  perfuaded  to  undertake  it,  and  did  meet  with 
them  at  the  Place  appointed,  where  he  was  received 
by  them  with  all  Reipect  and  Civility.' 

This  Committee  of  Safety,  we  are  told,  confift- 
cd,  for  the  moft  part,  of  Officers  of  the  Army,  and 
their  Creatures,  into  which  our  Au':hor  fays  he 
enlifted  himfelf  for  the  Public  Good  :  And  the  firft 
Thing  we  find  they  did,  was  to  publifh  a  Declara- 
tion from  the  Army,  with  the  Grounds  and  Reafons 
of  their  late  Proceedings.  About  this  Time,  alfo, 
came  a  Letter  from  General  Monke,  to  thofe  Offi- 
cers of  the  Army,  declaring  his  DiflatibfacTiion,  and 
of  thofe  that  were  with  him,  on  the  late  Turn  of 
Affairs.  This  was  the  firft  Smoke  perceived  of  that 
Fire,  which  foon  after  broke  out  to  fome  Purpofe. 
And  fince  the  Form  of  thefe  Letters  (for  there  were 
three  of  them)  are  yet  preferved  in  a  Pamphlet  of 
thefe  Times  b,  in  our  Colleclion,  we  (hall  give 
them  at  Length : 

To  the  Lord  FLEETWOOD. 
Right  Honourable,         Edinburgh,  Off.  20, 1659. 
Have  fent  this  MefTenger  to  your  Lordfhip,  to 
let  you  know  that  we  have  received  Notice, 
Part  of  the  Army  have  put  Force  upon  the 


b  Called,  A  Col/effion  of  Letters  and  Declarations,  &c.  fer.t  by  Ge» 
Iteral  Monke,  &t.  Printed  at  London,  in  the  Tear  1660.  This 
Collection  was  certainly  rrade  and  publifhed,  foon  after  the  K  ing  was 
reftored,  by  fome  that  had  a  Mind  to  blacken  the  General,  by  expo- 
ling  his  many  Declarations  to  ftand  by  the  Commonwealth.  They 
are  publifhed  /imph ,  without  any  Remarks  upon  them  j  but,  by 
put'ing  the  moft  ft'  iking  Words  and  Paflages  in  them  into  Italicks, 
and  leaving  out  the  Printer's  or  f-ubliflier's  Name,  it  .muft  .have 
been  dene  by  Defign,  and  in  a  Time  of  Danger. 


rs  i iei 

'" '  that  a 

Of    ENGLAND.          s 

e  Parliament,  which  they  fo  lately  called  together  Inter- rcgmim. 

*  and  owned  with  the  greateft  TeiHmoniesof  Obe-        l6S9- 

*  dience  and  Repentance  for  their  former  Apoftacy* 

*  from  them.     I  hope  your  Lordfhip  will  not  abet 

*  an  Action  of  fuch  a  dangerous  and  deftru£tive 
'  Confequence  :  I  know  that  you  love  the  Liberty 
c  and  Peace  of  England  fo  well,  that  you  will  ufe 

*  your  beft  Care  that  Attempts  of  this  Nature  be 

*  fupprefled.     I  do  therefore  humbly  intreat  you, 
'  that  the  Parliament  may  fpeedily  be  reflored  to 
'  that  Freedom  whrch  they  enjoyed  on  the  nth 

*  of  this  Inftant ;  otherwife  I  am  refolved,   by  the 

*  Afliftance  of  God,  with  the  Army  under  my  Com- 

*  mand,  to  declare  for  them,  and  to  profecute  this 
'  juft  Caufe  to  the  laft  Drop  of  my  Blood.     I  blefs 
'  the  Lord  that  the  Officers  here  are  very  unani- 

<  mous  ;  and  for  fuch.  whofe  Hearts  fail  them,  or 

*  which  will  not  a£t  according  to  their  Commiflions 
'  from  the  Parliament,  I  having  Authority,  as  one 
'  of  the  feven  Commiffioners  appointed  by  Act  of 

<  Parliament,  do  conftitute  fuch  as  are  chearful  for 
'this  Good  old  Caufe,  till  the  Parliament's  Pleafure 
'  be  further  known.     And  I  do  plainly  aflure  your 
'  Lordflaip,  that  I  was  never  better  fatisfied  ia  the 
'  Juftice  of  any  Engagement  than  in  this.     You 
'  cannot  but   remember,   that  God   hath  already 
c  fbewed  himfelf  glorious  in  it,  and  determined  the 
'  Quarrel  on  this  Side,  againft  arbitrary  Power  of 
'  raifing  Money,  without  the  People's  Confent  firft 
'  had,  and  the  Management  of  the  Militia  by  any 
'  other  than  the  Parliament.    I  defire  your  Lordfhip 
'  not  to  be  deluded  by  the  fpecious  Pretences  of  any 

*  ambitious  Perfon  whatfoever,  and  do  not  bring  all 
'  the  Blood  that  will  be  (bed  upon  your  own  Head. 
'  My  Lord,  confider  how  you  will  anfwer  to  the 
'  dreadful  God  for  the  Ruin  of  Three  Nations,  for  to 

*  ferve  a  Luft,  or  to  gratify  a  Paffion.   For  my  parti- 

*  cular,  I  am  aftiamed  of  thefe  Confufions  and  Chan- 
'  ges  that  we  have  made,  that  we  are  now  become  a 
'  Scorn  and  a  Reproach  to  our  very  Friends,  and  de- 
<  figned  to  Ruin  by  all  our  Neighbours.    I  take  God. 

*  to  witnefs,  that  I  have  no  further  Ends  than  the 

A  3  4efta- 

6          The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

inter-regnmn.  *  eftablifhing  of  Parliamentary  Authority,  and  theft 


—— v— »«. 

4  good  Laws  which  our  Anceftors  have  purchafed 
'  with  fo  much  Blood,  the  fettling  the  Nations  in  a 
'  free  Commonwealth,  and  the  Defence  of  Godlinefs 

*  and  godly  Men,  tho'  of  different  Judgment :  And 
«  I  take  myfelf  fo  far  obliged,  being  in  the  Parlia- 
'  ment's  Service,  to  {land,  tho'  alone,  in  this  Quar- 

*  rel.     And  I  doubt  not  but  your  Lordlhip,  having 
<  the  Fear  of  God  in  your  Heart,  will  carefully  con- 
e  fiderof  this  Matter;  which  is  all  at  prefent  from 

Your  Excellency*  s  humble  Servant^ 


To  the  Lord  LAMBERT. 

Right  Honourable,        Edinburgh ,  Off.  20,  1659, 

HAving  Notice  that  a  Part  of  the  Army,  un- 
der the  Parliament's  Command,  have,  con- 
trary to'their  Duty,  put  Force  upon  them,  I  have 
therefore  fent  this  Meflenger  to  your  Lordfhtp,  to 
intreat  you  to  be  an  Inftrument  of  Peace  and  good 
Underflanding  between  the  Parliament  and  Army: 
For,  if  they  (hall  continue  this  Force,  I  am  refol- 
ved,  with  the  Affiftance  of  God,  and  that  Part  of 
the  Army  under  my  Command,  to  ftand  by  them, 
and  aiTert  their  lawful  Authority.  For,  Sir,  the 
Nation  of  England  will  not  endure  any  arbitrary 
Power,  neither  will  any  true  Englijhmant'm  the 
Army ;  fo  that  fuch  a  Defign  will  be  ruinous  and 
deftru&ive  :  Therefore  I  do  earneftly  intreat  you, 
that  we  may  not  be  a  Scorn  to  all  the  World  and 
a  Prey  to  our  Enemies,  that  the  Parliament  may 
be  fpeedily  reftored  to  their  Freedom,  which  they 
enjoyed  on  the  uthlnftant.  Which  is  all  at  pre- 

Your  Lordjhip's  humble  Servant^ 

At  the  fame  Time  with  the  former  came  alfo  a. 
Letter  from  Monke,  directed  to  Lenthall,  the  Speaker 
cf  the  fecluded  Parliament  j  which  we  fhall  add  to 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  7 

the  former,  as  another  curious  Anecdote  of  thefe  Inter- regnum, 

To  the  S  P  E  A  K  E  R. 

RigJrt  Honourable,  Edinburgh,  Oft.  20,  1659. 
'  T"  Y  Aving  received  Notice  that  there  was  a 
'  J_  JL  Force  put  upon  the  Parliament  on  the  I2th 
'  or  this  Inftant,  J  have  feat  this  Meffenger  to  your 
'  Lordihip,  to  know  whether  that  Force  doth  conti- 
'  nue  ;  for  I  am  refolved,  by  the  Grace  and  Affift- 

*  ance  of  God,  as  a  true  Englijhman,  to  ftand  to 

*  and  alFert  the  Liberty  and  Authority  of  Parlia- 

*  rnent:  And  the  Army  here,  praifed  be  God,  is 
e  very  courageous  and  unanimous  ;  and  I  doubt  not 

*  but  to  give  a  good  Account  of  this  Aclion  to  you. 
«  I  have,  according  to  your  A6t  of  the  I  ith  Inftant, 
«  being  conftituted  a  Comfniffioner  for  the  Govern- 
e  ment  of  the  Army,  put  out  fuch  Perfons  as  wpUld 

*  not  act  according  to  your  Commiffion.     I  do  call 
'  God  to  witnefs,  That  the  aflerting  of  a  Com* 
4  monvvealth  is  the  only  Intent  of  my  Heart ;  and  I 

*  defire,  if  poflible,  to  avoid  the  {bedding  of  Blood, 

*  and  therefore  intreatyou,  that  there  may  be  a  good 

*  Underftanding  between  the  Parliament  and  Army: 
'  But  if  they  will  not  obey  your  Commands,  I  will 
«  not  defert  you,  according  to  my  Duty  and  Promife. 
'Which  is  all  at  prefent  from 

Tour  bumble  and  faithful  Servant^ 

The  Committee  of  Safety  eafily  forefaw,  by  the 
Purport  of  thefe  Letters,  what  an  Hurricane  from 
the  North  was  coming  upon  them  5  and  therefore 
caft  about,  with  all  their  Cunning,  to  prevent  the 
evil  Confequences  of  fuch  a  Storm. 

Some  Perfons  were  fent  to  the  General  to  inform 
him  better  of  Things,  and  wire-draw  him  into  their 
Schemes  of  Government.  But,  at  the  fame  Time, 
Lamlert  was  alfo  ordered  down  to  command  the 
Forces  that  were  quartered  at  Tork^  and  the  Nor- 
thern Parts  of  England,  with  fome  more  Regiments 


8        *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

with  him,  in  order  to  ftop,  or  prevent,  any  finifter 
Defign  that  Mcnke  might  have  againft  them. 

^n  l^e  mean  Time  the  faid  Committee  appointed 
a  Sub -Committee,  confiding  of  F&etwood,  IVhit- 
locke,  Vane,  Ludlow,  Salway^  and  Tichburn,  to  con- 
fider  of  a  Form  of  Government  for  the  Three  Na- 
tions, as  a  Commonwealth,  and  prcfent  it  to  the 
former.  By  a  formal  Order  of  State,  they  alfo 
conftituted  the  Lord  Wlntlocke  Keeper  of  the  Great 
Seal,  till  further  Order ;  and  this,  no  doubt,  our 
Patriot  was  in  Purfuit  of,  when  he  came  fo  readily 
into  the  laft  Scheme  of  Government. 

About  this  Time  the  Committee  of  Safety  had 
more  Letters  from  Edinburgh^  which  confirmed 
Monke'*  Defection  from  their  Party,  and  that  he 
and  many  of  his  Officers  had  declared  for  reftoring 
the  Parliament :  Alfo  that  he  had  imprifoned  fomq 
of  them,  and  cafhiered  others,  who  were  of  a  dif- 
ferent Judgment  in  this  Affair. 

Dr.  Price,  the  Writer  of  the  Hiftory  of  the  King's 
Reftoration,  who  was  Domeftic  Chaplain  to  Ge- 
neral Monke  before  and  after  this  happened,  and 
who,  by  his  own  Account,  was  moft  minutely  con- 
cerned in  every  Step  that  led  to  it,  has  left  us 
fome  curious  Anecdotes  to  brighten  up  the  Darknefs 
of  this  whole  Proceeding  k.  We  {hall  not  trace  this 
Author  backwards,  where  he  endeavours  to  prove, 
by  many  Incidents,  that  Monke  had  the  Royal  Caufe 
at  Heart  long  before,  and  only  waited  for  fuch  an 
Opportunity  as  this,  to  ufe  the  Doctor's  own  Words, 
*  to  reftore  the  King,  the  Liberties  of  the  Subject, 
^nd  the  Laws  of  the  Realm,  to  the  State  they  were 
in,  before  our  Civil  Wars  commenced,  in  the  Year 
1642.'  Allow  this  AfTertion  to  be  true,  yet  the 
Method  Monke  took  to  bring  about  this  Reftoration 
was  by  no  Means  juftifiable.  fmce  'tis  certain  it  was 
effected  by  the  Breach  of  fome  Oaths,  and  the  deepeft 
Diffimulation.  But  we  fhall  only  touch  upon  fuch 
material  Occurrences  as  happened  after  the  Gene- 

k  The  Myjlery  and  Method  of  bis  Majeftfs  happy  Reparation  laid 
open  to  public  View  By  John  Price  D  D.  one  of  the  late  Dute  of 
Albermarle't  Chaplains,  and  privy  to  all  tbefecret  fajages  and  Par. 
tt:tt/arit;ct  of  (bat  glorious  Rcvaiution,  Lend,  3c-;,  1680. 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.          9 

ral's  firft  Declaration  of  his  Intentions  to  march  for 
London,  and  reftore  the  late  Fag-End  of  the  Long 
Parliament  to  their  former  Seats  and  Power.  i 

This  Author  acquaints  us,  *  That  the  firft  Step 
the  General  took  after  his  advancing  from  Dalkeitb 
to  Edinburgh,  and  reforming  the  Officers  there,  was  He  a(jvaBees  to 
to  fend  out  a  Party  of  Horfe  to  fecure  Berwick ;  Edinburgh,  and 
which  came  but  juft  in  Time  to  perform  that  Ser-fendj  f°  &i2e 
vice,  for  Col.  Gobbet^  fent  from  Lambert  to  feize 
that  Place,  entered  the  Town  a  few  Hours  after  ; 
but  was  himfelf  feized  on  and  fent  to  the  General, 
who  committed  him  Frifoner  to  Edinburgh  Caftle.' 

Our  Author  remarks  on  this,  '  That,  had  not  the 
General  been  quick  in  fruftrating  Lambert's  Inten- 
tions, 'tis  probable  Cobbet  both  would  and  could 
have  fent  him  to  the  fame  Place.  But  now  hionke^ 
having  fecured  this  important  Fortrefs,  with  Edin- 
burgh,  and  fome  other  Strong- holds  in  Scotland, 
prepared,  in  Earneft,  to  march  for  England. 

4  But,  not  to  be  more  hafty  in  his  March  than 
Prudence  would  admit  of,  and  having  now  fome 
Ground  to  ftand  on,  he  difpatched  away  the  three 
Letters  directed  to  Lieutenant-General  Fleetwood^ 
Major-General  Lambert^  and  Mr.  Lenthall,  the  late 
Speaker  [before  given],  in  all  of  which  was  fignified 
his  Refolution  to  reftore  the  Laws  and  Liberties; 
which  Expreffion  was  conftrued  in  a  larger  Senfe 
than,  adds  our  Author,  might  firft  have  been  intend- 
ed. The  Arrival  of  thefe  Letters  in  London  begot  fome 
faint  Hopes  in  the  Rumpers  of  a  fecond  Reftoration 
to  their  Power  ;  but,  adds  our  Author,  mightily  fur- 
prized  the  Army  Grandees,  who  neither  expected 
iuch  an  Oppofition,  nor  could  they  well  believe  it, 
it  being  fo  diredtly  contrary  to  the  Intereft  of  any 
Part  of  the  Army  to  divide  againft  the  reft.  But 
they  were,  very  foon  after,  undeceived  in  this ;  and 
Lambert  fent  out  towards  the  North  to  take  upon 
him  his  Command,  which  was  ftill  under  Fleetwood^ 
though  it  was  thought  that,  had  Succefs  anfwered 
his  Ambition,  the  Soldiery  would,  without  much 
Difficulty,  have  created  Lambert  Dictator  in  the 
Field :  For  the  true  $tate  of  the  Queftion  was,  then, 


io      •  The  Parliamentary  HIST  ORY 

Irter-regnum.  Whether  a  third  Prote&or,  or  the  old  Parliament 

1659.        again. 

*"T—V^"~1'  '  In  the  mean  while  Monke  kept  firm  to  his  Pur- 
'  pofe,  though  he  met  with  great  Difcouragements  at 
firft.  The  Letters  he  wrote  to  the  Army  in  Ireland, 
to  the  Officers  of  the  Navy,  and  to  fome  particular 
Garrifons  in  England,  had  no  fatisfactory  Anfwers 
given  to  any  of  them  ;  though  another  Letter,  ad- 
dreffed  to  the  City  of  London,  met  with  better  Fate  ; 
the  Citizens  were  then  about  coming  to  their  Senfes 
again*  from  which  they  had  been  fo  long  bewilder'd, 
and  invited  Monke  to  come  up  and  ailiir.  in  the  Caufe 
he  had  efpoufed.'  This  is  Dr.  Price  's  Account  ; 
but  Whitlncke  tells  us,  '  That  when  himfelf,  Fleet- 
wood,  Dejborough,  and  feveral  Chief  Officers  of  the 
Army,  went  to  the  Common  Council  of  the  City  of 
London,  and  repreiented  to  them  the  Proceedings  of 
Monke,  and  that  the  Bottom  of  his  Defign  was  to 
bring  in  the  King  upon  a  new  Civil  War,  {hewed 
the  Danger  of  it  to  the  City  and  Nation,  and  coun- 
felled  them  to  provide  for  their  own  Safety,  and 
that  of  the  whole  Commonwealth,  by  preserving 
Peace;  the  Common  Council  return'd  them  Thanks, 
and  faid  they  were  relblved  to  follow  their  Advice.' 
Thefe  three  Speeches,  fpoken  as  above,  were 
printed  at  that  Time  in  one  lingle  Pamphlet  ',  with- 
out any  Notes  upon  them  ;  a  Copy  of  which  is 
amongft  our  numerous  Collection  of  thefe  Matters^ 
and  which  we  ihall  add  in  this  Place  :  And  rirft  the 
Lord  IVbitlockes  Speech. 

My  Lord,  and  worthy  Gentlemen, 

fabithcle**,       <  rT">HE  Committee  of  Safety,  which  are  at  pre- 

fcjJSfr.™*        A     fent  intruded  with  the  Prefervation  of  the 

Speeches  in       Peace  of  this  Commonwealth,  are  inform'd  of  feveral 

Guildhall,  ton-  Matters  that  relate  particularly  to  the  Peace  of  this 

City  and  Commonwealth:   Some  PafTages  whereof 

were  lately  delivered,  particularly  to  the  Court  of 

Aldermen:  But  other  Matters  fmce  coming  to  their 

1  Intituled,  Three  Speeches  made  to  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lord 
Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Common  .Council  of  London,  by  the  Lord  .Whkr 
locke,  Lord  Fleetwood,  and  Lcr^Dclborough,  at  Guildhall1,  '  Tuef- 
day,  No/  8,  1659  --  London,  frir.ted  in  the  Tear  1659. 


Knowledge,  they  thought  it  requifite  to  conlmimi-  Interregnum 
cate  it  to  the  Reprefentative  of  this  honourable  and        1659- 
worthy  City  for  their  Advice,  and  to  fhew  the  Af-  t-L|J~*'~  — J 
fe&ions  they  particularly  have  thereunto,  which  1       0>    '  "*' 
ftuill  impart  with  P'ainnefs^ 

4  I  fhall  fay  nothing  in  Commendation  of  that 
Blefling,  Peace,  which  you  all  know,  being  fenfible 
of  the  Calamities  and  Troubles  of  a  Civil  W'ar. 
You  were  once  pleafed  to  make  ufe  of  the  Army$ 
and  with  Thankfulnefs  acknowledge  the  Good  and 
Benefit  received  by  them  i  and  this  honourable  City 
contributed  to  that  Work,  for  refcuing  of  their  Li- 
berties, as  Men  and  Chriftians.  It  pleafed  God  to 
give  us  Peace ;  but  the  old  Enemy,  when  he  could 
not  appear  in  his  own  Strength,  fought  then,  by 
Difguife  aftd  underhand  Means,  to  interrupt  it. 
Thelnfuneclicn  of  Sir  George  Baotb  pretended  fpe- 
cious  Matters,  which  are  fince  made  plain,  and  their 
Intentions  difcovered,  which  were  only  to  reduce  us 
to  Slavery  under  Tyranny ;  but  they  were  lately 
defeated  :  Now  others  are  fprung  up  of  the  like  Na- 
ture. The  Rancour  of  the  old  Enemy  is  fuch, 
that  he  ufeth  all  Means  imaginable  to  interrupt 
our  Peace,  and  particularly  in  the  City,  knowing 
the  Greatnefs,  Populoufnefs,  and  Wealth  of  it. 
All  of  you  may  be  fenfible  of  the  great  Calami- 
ties that  will  follow  if  your  Peace  be  diiturb'd, 
which  hitherto  hath  been  preferved,  and  you  have 
been  free  from  A£ls  of  Hoilility.  I  (hall  propound 
fomewhat  for  Prevention :  What  Man  of  fober  Prin- 
ciples, or  fearing  God,  will  hazard  his  Peace  upon 
fpecious  groundlefs  Pretences?  In  Sir  George  Booth's 
Buiinefs  there  was  a  Defign  to  caufe  a  Rifing  in  the 
City;  that,  upon  aDivihon  among  yourfelves,  Men 
of  defperate  Fortunes,  joining  with  your  Enemies, 
might  have  the  Rifling  of  your  City.  As  it  was 
their  chief  Defign  to  raife  Divifion,  fo  the  fame  is 
now  on  Foot ;  the  Committee  of  Safety  have  Intel- 
ligence to  that  Purpofe ;  but,  alas !  thofe  happy 
Days  and  Bleflings  we  have  received  have  not  been 
fo  improved  by  us,  that  we  fhould  have  any  Hope 
of  the  Continuance  of  that  Ulefiing,  Peace. 


12       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

fcter-regnum.  '  It  is  evident,  by  Letters  taken  from  private 
1659.  Meflengers,  that  General  Monke  did  fend  to  feve- 
*— "V— -^  ral  Parties  to  rife  at  this  Time,  and  that  in  this 
'  City  he  fliould  have  a  Party  to  declare  for  him ; 
but  if  it  (hould  pleafe  God  that  fuch  a  Thing  mould 
be,  the  dreadful  Confequences  thereof  are  inex- 
prefiible.  The  Committee  defires  you  would  take 
Care  of  the  Prefervation  of  the  Peace  and  Safety 
of  the  City,  wherein  the  Safety  of  the  Common- 
wealth is  greatly  concerned  ;  you  have  been  fuffi- 
ciently  informed  of  the  Mifery  that  follows  fuch 
Difturbances.  There  is  nothing  that  concerns  the 
Committee  fhall  be  omitted,  but  that  they  will  con- 
tribute the  utmoft  of  their  Endeavours  to  prevent 
fuch  Difturbances,  and  are  refolved  not  willingly  to 
be  deficient  in  what  they  may  do  for  the  Preferva- 
tion of  your  Peace  and  Safety ;  for  they  have  a  par- 
ticular Refpecl:  and  Affection  to  this  worthy  City, 
and  defire,  where  any  Ground  or  Occafion  is  given 
of  DifTention,  it  may  be  laid  afide ;  and  whatever 
People  may  cenfure  of  what  is  paft,  let  us  look  for- 
ward, and  it  will  be  made  appear  that  their  Aim  is, 
that  Magiftracy  and  a  godly  Miniftry  may  be  encou- 
raged and  fupported.  The  Committee  therefore 
defire,  that  you  would  take  efpecial  Care  to  forbid 
any  Meetings  that  tend  to  the  fetting  on  Foot  the 
Defign  of  the  Enemy. 

'  There  were  feveral  Letters  from  the  North  read 
Yefterday,  which  certify,  That  thofe  which  are 
coming  in  hoftile  Manner  thought  to  have  taken 
Newcaftle^  but  were  prevented.  A  diligent  Care  is 
taken  about  thefe  Things  in  other  Places.  I  will 
only  inftance  that  of  a  Divine,  That  where  a  great 
City  is  divided,  great  Miferies  may  be  expected  ; 
therefore  hazard  not  your  Safety,  whatever  fpecious 
Pretences  may  be  offered  to  you. 

'  I  defire  that  thefe  Things  may  be  taken  into 
Confideration,  and  that  you  would  not  be  wanting 
to  the  Caufe  and  your  own  Safety,  which  you  have 
fo  long  owned.' 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         13 

Then  the  Lord  Fleetwood  fpoke  as  follows :          Xnter-regmwi* 


E  are  once  more  to  wait  upon  you,  truly       J659* 

with  Defire  and  fincere  Intentions,  that   *^w^! 


there  may  be  a  light  Underftanding  between  thofe 
in  Authority  in  this  City,  and  the  Armies  of  thefe 
Nations,  as  hath  formerly  been,  and  that  they  may 
fiill  remain  an  united  Body ;  for  the  Common  Enemy 
labours  all  he  can  to  ruin  and  deftroy  both ;  and 
their  only  Means  to  accomplifh  their  Defign  is 
Divifion ;  and  there  is  nothing  fo  much  as  that  can 
difunite  old  Friends. 

*  The  City  and  Army  had  once  the  Happinefs  to 
efteem  one  another  as  Friends ;  but  now  if  any 
thing  give  Occafion  of  Diftruft,  it  will  prejudice 
the  Caufe.  You  know  this  poor  Army  the  Lord 
hath  been  pleafed  to  mak»  ufe  of  as  an  Inftrument 
to  preferve  our  Peace,  fo  often  attempted  againft : 
And  we  fhould  render  ourfelves  to  be  unworthy  of 
the  Name  of  Friends,  if  we  fhould  feck  ourfelves, 
and  not  the  Good  of  this  poor  Nation,  and  to  get 
Rule  and  Dominion  to  ourfelves,  and  fland  not  to. 
our  Principles.  Thefe  Things  are  frequent  Dif- 
courfes ;  but  if  we  had  that  Guilt  which  is  caft 
upon  us,  we  would  not  appear  in  fo  Honourable  an 
Aflembly.  I  dare  fay  our  Defign  is  God's  Glory :' 
We  have  gone  in  untrodden  Paths,  but  God  hath 
led  us  into  Ways,  which,  if  we  Jcnow  our  own 
Hearts,  we  have  no  bafe  or  unworthy  Defign  in. 
Turnings  and  Changes  are  not  pleafmg  to  us ;  we 
have  a  Love  to  this  Caufe,  and  God  hath  blefs'd  us 
in  it.  It  may  appear  that  we  have  no  Defign  to  rule 
over  others ;  we  have  been  raifed  and  preferred  *a 
this  Day  upon  common  Account,  and  that  your 
and  our  Liberty  may  not  be  violated,  although  we 
.have  been  cenfured,  it  hath  been  the  Defign  of  our 
Hearts,  if  we  appear  defigning,  to  be  no  other  than 
for  the  Good  of  this  Nation.  We  (hall  not  want 
Enemies;  but  God  will  fight  with  us ;  jet  our 
Friends  bear  with  us  and  obferve  the  Event. 

4  Nothing  hath  been  more  dear  to  us,  than  when 
God  hath  appeared  to  us  to  continue  Friendfhip  and 


$4        Tfo  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Peace,  that  fo  we  may  be  helpful  one  to  another. 
Our  Enemies  know  the  City  hath  more  Love  to 
this  Caufe,  than  to  comply  with  their  fpecious  Pre- 
tences.  And  whereas  it  is  laid  to  our  Charge,  that 
we  are  Enemies  to  Parliaments ;  God  he  knows 
our  Defign  is  to  preferve  the  Ends  of  all  Parlia- 
ments and  Authority ;  and,  we  hope,  fhall  never 
appear  to  take  away  the  Rights  we  have  fo  long 
con  tended,  for..  The  great  End  of  the  Common 
Enemy  is  to  ruin  the  City ;  yet,  by  the  Help  of 
God,  we  {ball  ftudy  your  Prefervation.  We  hope 
that  there  may  be  a  right  Underftanding  betwixt  the 
Forces  in  the  Northern  Expedition ;  it  (hall  not  be 
wanting  in  us  that  the  fame  may  fo  be.  Altho* 
it  is  our  Portion  that  we  cannot  be  more  odious  to 
our  Friends  than  we  are  rendered,  concerning  the 
Nation's  Peace,  yet  there  fhall  he  nothing  wanting 
in  us  for  the  Settlement  thereof:  I  would  not  have 
you  to  believe  us  fo  unworthy  Perlbns,  for  we  have, 
no  Defign,  but  that  Peace,  Holinefs,  snd  Juftice, 
jnay  proiper  in  this  City  and  Nation.' 

Laftly,  the  Lord  Dejborougb  made  the-  following 
gpeech : 

>  TT  Was  unwilling  to  fpeak  any  Thing,  fo  much 
JL  having  been  ipoken  by  thofe  Honpurabje  Per- 
fpns;  butifomewhat  I  rnuft  fpeak  in  relation  to  what 
•was  hinted,  and  touching  the  Commands  .of  the 
Committee  of  Safety  2  A  great  Senfe  there  is  upon 
the  Committee  of  the  Difficulties  thia  Nation  ftrug- 
gles  under,  which  are  the  greater,  becaufe  the 
Compon  Enemy  is  in  Forwardnefs  to  a  Birth,  and 
Bringing-forth.  It.ia  the  Duty  of  aU  Men,  as  Chri- 
ilians  and  as  Englijhmen^  to  value  Peace  the  greateft 
of  outward  Enjoyments ;  what  I  faid  may  be  looked 
upon  as  {trance,  from  one  brought  up  for  feverai 
Years  in  martial  Affairs ;  it  being  conceived  of  us, 
as  of  fome  in  the  Beginning  of  thefe  Troubles,  that 
they  feared  nothing  more  than  that  the  Wars  wouJ.4'- 
cnd  too  foon  ;  it  was  the  Wrickednefs  f  f  thofe  Men 
that  .had  fuQh  .Principles,  rather  to.  eiatify  filthy 


Of   ENGEAND,         15 

Lufts  in  their  Hearts,  than  for  any  Good  to  the  Inter-regnum. 
Commonwealth.  l659- 

'  I  hope  I  may  fay  of  the  Generality  of  the  Of-  jT"""VT""* 
ficers  intruded  in  this  Nation,  that  there  is  no  out- 
ward Thing  more  defired  by  them,  than  to  live  to 
fee  thofe  biefled  Foundations  laid,  fa  as  to  focure 
the  Civil  and  Spiritual  Rights  of  this  Nation  ;  nor  is 
there  any  greater  Dread  in  them  thereof,  (notwith- 
ftanding  t;hat  Blood-fhed  and  Expence  they  have 
undergone)  than  that  they  (hall  not  fee  a  Settlement; 
yet  we  hope  in  God,  in  Defpight  of  the  Cunning  of 
Men,  we  fhall  fee  fuch  a  blefied  Peace,  as  the  In- 
habitants of  this  Nation  may  blefs  his  Name. 

*  There  is  none  ignorant  that  there  are  not  want- 
ing Men,  who,  on  various  Accounts,  make  it  thei* 
Bufmefs'to  hinder  this  fo  good  a  Work  ;  and  their 
Defign  is  to  oppofe  or  interrupt  a  Work  the  Pro- 
vidence of  God  is  carrying  on,  to  accomplifli  their 

4  It  is  a  Mercy,  whatever  others  judge,  God  hath 
borne  us  Witnefs,  that  we  have  not  falfified  that 
Truft  which  hath  been  repofed  in  our  Hands.  Our 
Difficulties  have  been  fuch,  that  the  Wealth  of 
the  City  mould  not  hire  us  to  undergo  them  a  Year 
longer ;  but  we  may  fay,  we  are  not  without  a  Mif- 

«  Some  fay  we  are  fetting  up  Sectaries,  this  Party 
and  that  Party  ;  but  if  we  have  Guile  in.our  Hearts, 
and  have  not  a  Love  to  the  godly  People  of  thi$ 
Nation,  yea,  to  all  the  People,  God  will  find  u$ 
out.  God  hath  biefled  fome  of  us  with  a  Spirit  of 
Integrity,  and  there  is  nothing  upon  our  Hearts 
but  the  Good  of  the  Whole. 

'  There  is  a  two-fold  Party  in  this  Common^ 
wealth,  whom  God  hath  again  and  again  mada 
bow  down  before  bis  People,  yet  are  ftill  labouring 
to  heighten  their  Spirits  ;  we  have  not  made  them 
Slaves,  (which  in  fome  Places  is  pra£lifed  in  the  like 
Cafe)  nor  is  it  upon  our  Spirits  fo  to  do  ;  yet  I  think 
it  our  Duty  not  to  fuffer  them  to  give  Laws  to  us, 
if  God  gives  us  Leave  to  prevent  it ;  and  tho'  we 
have  it  not  in  our  Hearts  to  do  any  Thing  todiftin- 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum,  guifli,  yet  we  are  refolved  never  to  put  our  Hands 

|*  •  under  the  Feet  of  thofe  we  have  vanquiftied. 
NcvcnJberT  '  Some  fay  we  (hall  not  have  Seitlement  till  the 
old  Family  comes  in,  vhich  if  it  mould  enter  intd 
any  of  our  Hearts,  we  fhould  be  like  the  Dog  re- 
turning to  his  Vomit,  and  the  Sow  to  her  wallow- 
ing in  the  Mire. 

'  Many,  by  the  AdTings  of  the  Army,  by  a  for* 
cible  Providence  they  have  been  put  upon,  may 
think  we  go  about  to  do  fomething  unworthy  to  this 
'Nation.  This  Army  hath  been  blefled  feventeen 
Years  wonderfully,  we  have  not  gone  about  to 
make  ourfelves  great,  or  Matters  of  what  is  our 
Neighbours,  but  that  which  the  Power  in  Being 
bath  allowed  us. 

*  Some  give  out  as  if  we  were  returning  to  a 
Single  Perfon,  and  intended  to  debafe  Magittracy, 
jind  trample  down  Miniftry  ;  but  God  will  bear  us 
Witnefs  to  the  contrary  :  The  Truth  of  it  is,  we 
are  fo  far  from  undervaluing  of  a  Government,  that 
we  always  thought  a  bad  one  with  Peace,  better 
than  none  at  all; 

'  If  Peace  be  a  great  and  choice  Bleffing  to  be 
valued  by  all,  we  defire  that  you,  with  us,  will 
take  Care  to  preferve  it ;  we  come  not  to  court  you, 
but  only  to  let  you  know  we  have  no  Defign  in  it.j 
it  was  no  prepared  Bufmefs :  That  of  difiblving  the 
Parliament,  we  hope  that  God  flood  by  us  in  it$ 
jiotwithftanding  there  hath  been  many  gloomy  Days 
fmce.  The  Strength  of  an  Army  is  the  Unity  of 
it,  and  it  will  be  your  Safety  and  Advantage  to  keep 
Unity ;  A  City  divided  cannot  lland  :  You  will  not 
want  Affiftance  from  the  Army,  jf  Interruptions 
come  in  this  Place,  whatever  Calamities  may  be 
elfewhere,  they  .will  not  be  fo  great  here.  Your 
intereft  as  Chriftians,  your  Religion,  your  !Eftates> 
are  great  Engagements  to  preferve  Peace. 

'  The  Defire  of  the  Army  is  to  preferve  the 
Peace ;  if  you  go  .about,  or  others  countenanced, 
t>y  you,  to  difturb  it,  an  .Inconvenience  may  fall 
upon  you;  ;but  our  Defire  is,  you  would  not  fling 
Dirt  p#  the  Army  >  but  as  jpu  fee  the  lilue  of  their 

Of     ENGLAND.        17 

Actions,  fo  to  judge  of  them.    Many  Opinions  may  inter-regnuia, 
run  touching  our  dark  Actions  in  the  late  Altera-        1659- 
tion  and  Difturbance.     As  to  the  firft,  it  is  evident  *—  ~-       J 
they  had  no  Defign  of  their  own ;  and  in  the  laft, 
if  they  would  have  complied  with  a  few  Men  to  fet 
them  up,  they  needed  not  to  have  wanted  Refpe£fc, 
It  is  faid  it  was  only  to  keep  eight  or  nine  in  their 
Places ;  it  is  very  well  known  fome  of  us  have 
laboured  an  Opportunity  to  be  quit  of  our  Com- 
mands ;  now  it  is  my  Defire  that  you  would  follow 
after  Peace,  and  meddle  not  with  Affairs  beyond 
your  Spheres  ;  follow  Peace  and  Holinefs,  and  the 
God  of  Peace  will  blefs  you.' 

By  this  Time  feveral  Letters  had  patted  to  and  Mo***  agrees  «> 

fro,  between  the  Committee  of  Safety  and  General a  Treat/' which 
TI  /r     i         -ti          in        »-r->  i  i-         comes  to  no - 

Monke;  till,  at  laft,  a  Treaty  was  agreed  on  to  fettle  thing. 

Matters  on  a  better  Bads.  Monke  named  and  fent 
but  three  of  his  own  Officers  as  Commiffioners  to 
treat,  who  were  to  meet  as  many  of  Fleet-wood's  at 
London.  Monkis  Commiffioners  coming  to  York, 
met  Lambert's  there;  and  fo  far  fatisfied  him,  fays 
Whitlocke,  of  Mcnke's  Intentions  for  Peace,  that 
Lambert  fent  Orders  to  flop  his  Forces  from  march- 
ing further  Northward.  But  this  is  different  from 
what  Dr.  Price  writes,  who  tells  us,  *  That  Lam- 
bert made  all  the  Hafte  he  could  Northward, 
with  what  Forces  could  be  fpared  at  home ;  and 
taking  in  more,  which  lay  conveniently  for  him  in 
the  Country,  after  the  Defeat  of  Sir  George  Booth  * 
he  arrived  at  Newcaftle  in  November*  with  an  Army 
of  about  12,000  Men;  wherein  were,  as  it  was 
reported,  adds  the  Doctor,  7000  of  the  chiefeft 
Cavalry.  Infomuch  that  a  Meflenger  from  the 
Committee  of  Safety,  fent  to  found  Monke's  Inten- 
tions, told  fome  of  his  Army,  in  the  Doctor's 
Hearing,  That  the  Lord  Lambert  was  coming  upon 
them,  and  that  all  Monke's  Army  would  not  be 
enough  for  a  Breakfaft  for  them  :  To  which  he  had 
a  fmart  Anfwer  returned,  That  Lambert  had  a  very 
good  Stomach  this  cold  Weather,  if  he  could  eat 
Pikes  and  fwallow  gullets.* 

Voi.  XXIL  £  The% 

1 8       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Thefe  Commiflioners  from  Gen.  Monke  brought 
with,  them  the  following  Letter  to  Fleetwood:  m 

To  Ms  Excellency  the  Lord  FLEET  WOOD, 

My  Lord ',  Edinburgh  ^  Nov.  3,  1659. 

«•*  A    FTER   I  had  anfwered   the  Letter  your 

'  JL\.  Lordfhip  did  me  the  Favour  to  Tend  me  by 

'  Col.  Talbot)  I  received  another  from  your  Lord- 

*  fliip,  of  the  2gth  of  Oftdber^  wherein  your  Lordftiip 
'  is  pleafed  to  exprefs  much  of  your  Lordfhip's  Affec- 
'  tion  and  Friendfhip  to  me,  for  which  I  fhall  ever 
'  acknowledge  myfelf  engaged  to  you  ;  but,  truly, 

*  I  muft  affure  your  Lordfhip,  no  perfonal  Difcou- 
'  ragements,  altho'  I  have  had  my  Share  of  them, 

*  have  induced  me  to  the  JufHfication  I  make  of  the 
'  Parliament's  Authority,  but  the  Tie  of  Duty  to 

*  which  I  am  in  my  Conscience  obliged  ;  and  I  fhall 
'  be  heartily  forry  if  your  Lordfhip  makes  any  other 
4  Interpretation  of  it,  for  your  Lordfhip  knows  my 
'  Command  has  been  offered  often  up  to  thofe  that 
'  had  Power  to  place  it  better. 

'  We  are  all,  I  blefs  the  Lord,  very  unanimous 
'  here;  and,  I  am  confident,  when  the  Gentlemen 
'  we  fend  from  hence  have  given  your  Lordfhip  a 

*  true  Underftanding  of  our  Actions,  you  will  not 
'  have  fo  fevere  an  Opinion  of  them,  as  you  feern 

*  to  have  in  your  late  Letters.    The  Perfons  Names 
<  are  Col.  Wilkes,  Lieut.  Col.  Clob«ry>  and  Major 

*  Knight,  all  well  known  to  yourLordmip ;  to  whom 
'  I  befeech  your  Lordfhip  to  give  Credit  in  what  they 
e  (hall  propofe  from  the  Army  here ;  and  I  befeech 
'  you  to  believe  I  am  ftill,  with  a  fincere  Heart, 

My  Lord, 

Tour  Lordjhlp's 

Very  bumble  Servant, 



n»  This  we  give  from  a  Pamphlet  of  thefe  Times,  intituled,  A  t rue 
Narrative  of  the  Proceedings  in  Parliament,  Council  of  State,  General 
Council  of  the  Army,  and  Committee  of  Safety,  from  the  lid  of  Sep- 
tember untill  tbit  prefent  Time. London,  printed  by  John  Red- 

Xiayne,  in  LtvoTs-Ceurt,  in  Pater-nifier-MW,  1659, 

O/*   ENGLAND.         19 

The  Treaty  being  begun  at  London,  by  Com-  inter-regnusn. 
imiffioners  on  both  Sides,  it  was  agreed  by  them,        l659» 

'  Thar  a  Committee  of  nineteen  fhould  be  appoint-  T""""*VT 

•      J      V    -  •*      t      *  » *       i  r    i  November. 

ed,  five  for  England,  not  Members  of  the  Army, 

and  five  for  Scotland ;  the  reft,  for  all  the  Three 
Nations,  were  to  be  Officers  of  the  Army :  Thefe 
were  to  determine  of  the  Qualifications  of  Mem* 
bers  of  Parliament.  That  two  Field-Officers  of 
every  Regiment,  one  Commiffion-  Officer  of  every 
Garrifon,  and  ten  Officers  of  the  Fleet,  ftiould 
meet  as  a  General  Council,  to  advife  touching  the 
Form  of  Government.'  Thefe  Articles  were  ac- 
tually agreed  to  by  the  Commiffioners  on  both  Sides, 
and  a  Copy  of  them  fent  away  to  Monke  for  his  Ra- 

But  what  had  like  to  have  proved  the  Rum  ot 
all  the  Scheme,  as  Dr.  Price  obferves,  ended  in 
the  Ruin  of  others  ;  for,  all  the  Time  this  Treaty 
was  fubfifting,  Monke  was  going  on  in  new  model- 
ling his  Army,  turning  out  fufpe&ed  Officers,  and 
bringing  the  whole  Corps  over  entirely  to  his  De- 
votion. Though  there  were  not  wanting  others 
in  London,  who  advifed,  in  the  Committee  of  Safe- 
ty, to  write  to  Lambert  to  advance  with  all  his 
Forces  fpeedily  to  Monke,  and  attack  him  before  he 
was  better  provided  ;  for  they  began  now  to  fufpe<5t 
the  Reality  of  Monke's  Intentions,  fays  IVhttlocke^ 
and  believed  rather  that  he  only  fought  Delays ; 
both  Armies  lying  inactive,  one  at  Newcq/lle  and 
the  other  at  Edinburgh,  all  this  Time,  without, 
feemingly,  doing  any  thing  to  the  Purpofe. 

About  the  Middle  of  this  Month,  General  Monke  He  calls  a  Con- 
thought  fit  to  call  a  Convention  of  the  Eftates  invention  of 
Scotland,  to  meet  at  Edinburgh  ;  where  he  Wi^'tt^-forT* 
fore  them  the  Grounds  of  his  Quarrel,  requiring3 
their  peaceable  Deportment  during  his  Abfence, 
and  the  Payment  of  what  they  were  in  Arrear  to 
him  for  his  Army  ;  he  having,  on  the  Account  of 
the  Poverty  of  their  Country,  foreborne  them  long. 
This  Requeft  they  readiiy  complied  with ;  but  when 
B    2  thr* 

2O       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  the  Scots  moved  to  have  Arms  allowed  them  t» 
defend  themfelves  againft  Lambert^  and  others,  in 
his  Abfence,  he  would  not  grant  it,  as  being  too 
early  and  dangerous  a  Step,  becaufe  his  own  Men 
were  not  to  be  difobliged  :  Befides,  the  two  Ar- 
mies were  not  yet  fo  far  exafperated  as  to  force 
him,  in  Defpair,  to  take  in  thofe  who  were  Enemies 
to  both.  This  was  a  refined  Piece  of  Policy,  and 
fropp'd  the  Mouths  (fays  Dr.  Price)  of  the  Gene- 
ral's invidious  Adverfaries,  who  were  wont  to  be 
continually  prating,  as  if  the  Scots  Nation  would 
foori  be  in  Arms  againft  them,  were  they  once  left 
to  themfelves. 

In  the  mean  while  the  Committee  at  Wallingford- 
Houfe^  as  they  are  often  called,  were  driven  to  great 
Straits  ;  their  Finances  were  very  low,  and  no 
Means  left  to  raife  more,  but  by  the  Sword  ;  their 
Army,  therefore,  muft  be  foon  unpaid,  and  left  to 
Free- Quarter;  which  Sort  of  Guefts  could  not  be 
endured  long,  The  late  dilbanded  Parliament,  as 
if  they  forefaw  their  Doom,  had  pafled  an  A£l  to 
make  it  High  Treafon  to  levy  Money  without  the 
Confent  of  Parliament ;  by  which  they  were  en- 
tirely cut  out  from  raifing  any,  but  by  arbitrary 
Proceedings ;  which  they  durft  not  attempt,  for 
fear,  in  thefe  dangerous  Times,  of  difobliging  the 
whole  Nation. 

On  the  other  Hand,  Msnke  had  got  pretty  good 
Supplies  in  Scotland,  enough  to  encourage  his  Men 
to  proceed,  and  feekfor  better  Quarters  in  the  South; 
but  the  Time  of  their  marching  thither  he  purpofely 
delayed,  for  his  Bufinefs  was  to  protract  it  as  much 
as  poffible;  which  Lambert's  Inactivity  at  Neivcajlle  him  great  Scope  to  do.  It  was  certainly  this 
eneral's  Bufinefs  to  advance  and  fallupon  Monke 
without  Delay;  but  there  he  loitered,  deftitute 
both  of  Money  and  Authority,  when  fudden  Action 
was  his  only  true  Intereft.  But  (fays  the  Doctor) 
it  was  the  Almighty's  good  Time  to  difappoint  the 
Strong,  to  infatuate  their  Councils,  and  to  fow 
Scads  of  Strife  and  Divifion  amongft  them. 


Of   ENGLAND.        21 

Monks  having  now  had  Time  to  new-model  his  inter-regnum. 
Army  to  his  own  Mind,  began  his  March  towards    .  1659. 
England,  and  came  to  Berwick  about  the  20th  of  V"" '«""  ** 
this  Month,  tho'  the  News  of  his  fetting  forward     Deccmber- 
did  not  reach  London  till  the  28th.     He  had  found  And  advances 
Means  to  break  the  Treaty  of  Pacification,  then  on  towards  England 
foot,  by  defiring  fame  Articles  of  it  to  be  further v;ith  his  Army. 
explained,  and  abfolutely   refufing  to  ratify  fome 
others.     But  ftill  he  fet  forward  with  mighty  Pro- 
teftations  of  his  adhering  firmly  to  the  Intereft  of 
the  Parliament,  as  it  fat  the  I  ith  of  Qttober  laft, 
when  Lambert  turned  them  out  of  Doors.     He; 
alfo   wrote  Letters  to  Fleet-wood,  full  of  Compli- 
ments and  Expreffions  of  his  earneft  Defire  of  a 
fpeedy  Settlement  of  the  prefent  Differences  :  And 
becaufe  he  perceived  in  the  Agreement,  figned  by 
Fleetwood,  that  there  were  fome  Things  remaining 
untreated  of,  and  unagreed  upon,  it  was  the  Refolu- 
tion  of  him  and  his  Officers  to  add  two  more  to  the 
Number,  to  have  Conference  with  the  like  Number 
to  be  appointed  here,  to  put  a  final  End  to  the  Bu- 
fmefs,   which  he  defired  might  be  as  foon  as  pof- 

*  Upon  Confederation  of  this  Letter,  fome  of  the 
Committee  of  Safety  declared  their  Opinions,  That 
this  was  only  a  Delay  in  Monke  to  gain  Time,  and 
be  the  better  prepared  for  his  Defign  to  bring  in  the 
King,  and  to  bring  the  Army  here  and  their  Party 
into  more  Straits  for  want  of  Pay,  which  he  had  got 
for  his  Forces  :  And  therefore  advifed  to  fall  upon 
Monke  prefently,  to  bring  the  Matter  to  an  Ifiue, 
before  his  Soldiers  were  more  confirmed,  and  Fleet- 
wood 's  Party  difcouraged.  But  this  Advice  was  not 
taken,  but  a  new  Treaty  confented  to  by  Commif- 
fioners  on  each  Part  to  be  at  Newcaflle* 

December.  But  to  leave  thefe  foolifli  Treaties, 
\vhich  were  never  defigned  for  any  thing  but  to 
amufe,  the  General  marched,  his  Army  from  Ber- 
vj-ick  to  Coldjiream  and  Kelfo  ;  and  here  they  fixed 
for  fome  Time,  in  Expectation  of  Events  :  What 
Lambert^  what  the  excluded  Parliament,  and  what 
B  3  the 

22       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

inter-regnum.  the  concealed  Lord  Fairfax  would  do,  who  lay 
1659-        darking  in  and  about  York,  and  Nobody  knew  what 

t-  ^w—  *J  to  make  of  him.  '  And  now  (fays  Dr.  Price)  we 
December,  £OUght  in  Paper,  by  fending  and  receiving  Meflages, 
laying  aftde  Powder  and  Shot,  as  dangerous  Things, 
and  not  fit  to  be  employed  againft  Brethren  :  Yet 
we  were  not  fo  carelefs  as  to  neglect  our  own  Se- 
curity ;  for  had  Lambert  marched  againft  us  thro* 
the  Snows,  he  would  have  found  a  Battalion  of 
Horfe  and  Foot,  commanded  by  Col.  Morgan^ 
drawn  up  ready  to  receive  him. 

*  In  this  Situation  we  were,  (adds  the  Doctor) 
when  very  comfortable  News  throng'd  in  upon  us ; 
as,  That  the  growing  Party  in  the  Irijh  Army  had 
declared  for  us,  and  were  ready  to  lend  us  Afiift- 
ance ;  that  Portfmouth  had  opened  her  Gates  to 
Hafilrigge,  Morley,  and  Walton,  three  of  the  late  Par- 
liament's Commiffioners  for  governing  the  Army  ; 
Col.  Wetbam,  the  Governor  of  it,  did  this,  as  weli 
in  Refpecl  to  the  General,  as  his  Duty  to  the  Par- 
liament ;  that  the  Fleet  under  Lawjon  had  owned 
Monkc's  Quarrel  againft  the  Army ;  and  that  the 
dark  Lord  Fairfax  had  at  laft  unveiled  himfelf,  had 
raifed  Men,  and  was  to  fall  upon  Lambert's  Rear, 
fhould  he  advance  againft  Mcnke's  Army  ;  affuring 
us,  That,  whatever  came  on  it,  he  would  not  fail 
being  ready  to  affift  us  by  the  Fh  ft  of  January  next  j 
which  he  performed  better  than  his  Word. 

'  The  Stream  of  this  good  News  did  not  hinder  the 
General  from  continuing  his  wonted  Care  of  keep- 
ing a  good  Guard  ;  it  being  now  evident,  That, 
•within  a  few  Days,  Lambert  muft  either  fight  or  tall. 
The  Soldiers  were  much  revived  at  thefe  glad  Ti- 
dings, and  hoped  foon  to  change  their  prefent  cold 
Quarters  for  warmer  and  better  Accommodations." 
Dr.  Price,  in  his  Narrative,  here  ftops  to  make  a 
Reflection  of  his  own  ;  which,  fince  it  lays  open  a 
Very  private  Scene  between  his  General  and  him- 
felf, we  fhall  give  it  in  his  own  Words ;  fpeaking  of 
the  former  good  Account  of  Affairs,  he  adds, 

<  As 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        23 

•'  As  for  myfelf,  I  muft  confefs,  that  I  was  in-  Inter-regnum. 
wardly  difpleafed  at  thefe  many  favourable  Expref-  1659. 
fes  j  as  apprehending  that  this  Name  of  a  Parlia-  ' — -V"'-' 
ment  would,  by  nominating  and  fhifting  Commit  December« 
iloners  for  it,  engage  the  Army  fo  much  to  their 
Devotion,  and  get  fuch  other  Advantages  of  fixing 
their  Oligarchy,  that  it  would  be  no  eafy  Matter  to 
difpoflefs  them.  With  thefe  foolifh  Whimftes  in 
my  Head,  I  was  refolved  to  fteal  privately  to  the 
General,  (who  had  caution'd  me  before- hand  not 
to  be  feen  to  appear  in  thefe  public  Tranfaclions) 
and  to  do  this,  .1  knew  between  Midnight  and  the 
Morning  to  be  the  only  Time :  So  between  Two 
and  Three  o'Clock,  by  the  Help  of  a  Corporal,  I 
came  to  his  Chamber  Door,  found  it  only  latched, 
the  General  in  his  Cloaths,  his  Head  laid  on  the 
Side  of  the  Bed,  and  his  Body  refting  upon  two 
Stools,  or  a  Form,  Fire  and  Candles  being  in  the 
Room.  He  awakened  at  my  fir  ft  Entrance ;  I  de- 
fired  his  Pardon,  and  he  kindly  gave  Liberty  of 
Speech.  Upon  my  reprefenting  to  him  what  I 
judged  to  be  his  Intereft  and  Duty,  that  is  to  fay, 
the  reftoring  of  our  known  Laws,  (for  I  never  ufed 
to  fpeak  in  any  other  Terms)  I  cannot  forget  his 
Paffion  and  his  Pofture  :  '  Mr.  Price ,  faid  he,  I 
4  know  your  Meaning,  and  I  have  known  it ;  by  the 
'  Grace  of  God  I  will  do  it,  if  ever  I  can  find  it  in  my 

*  Power,  and  I  do  not  much  doubt  but  that  I  fb.aH.' 
So  clofing  my  Hands  in  both  his-he  lifted  them  up, 
and  devoutly  uttered,  '  By  God's  Help  I  will  do  it.' 

'  I  then  took  the  further  Liberty  to  mind  him  of 
the  Papers  he  had  figned,  to  ftand  to  this  Parliament 
as  it  fat  the  nth  of  Ottober^  and  no  other;  and  of 
feveral  other  Reftri&ions,  which  he  had  needlefly,- 
as  I  conceived,  put  upon  himfelf.  He  anfwered  me 
with  fome  Regret,  '  You  fee  who  are  about  me,  and 

*  write  thefe  Things :  I  muft  not  fhew  any  Diflike 

*  of  them  ;  I  perceive  they  are  jealous  enough  of  me 
'  already :'  Bidding  me  not  to  look  upon  it  as  any 
Act  of  his.     Having  thus  difcourfed  him  of  divers 
Things  which  I  thought  might  be  for  his  Service, 
(he  courteoufly  allowing  me  the  Freedom)  I  left 


24       *&>s  "Parliamentary  HISTORY 

him  to  his  fhort  Reft  ;  for  he  was  to  be  early  at 
Bufinefs.     And  thus  I  became  further  fatisfied  at 
what  Port  he  aimed  ;  however  then  and  afterwards, 
December.     ^.^  ^  WindSj  he  fteered  hb  Courfe<> 

Affairs  now  began  to  ripen  very  faft  ;  for,  as  foon 
as  Monks  perfectly  underftood  that  there  were  like 
to  be  powerful  Diverfions  in  the  South  ;  that  Hafel- 
rigge  and  his  Party  were  a&ually  in  Poffeffion  of 
Port/mouth^  and  had  given  out  Orders  and  were 
obeyed,  he  fuddenly  turned  the  Tables  upon  Lam- 
bert, and  fent  him  Word  he  fhould  enter  into  no 
more  Treaties  with  him,  till  he  had  confulted  his 
Brethren  at  Pcrtfmouth,  and  obtained  their  Confent 
for  it;  Lambert^  by  this,  found  he  had  been  fooled 
all  this  while  ;  vented  his  Refentment  againft  Monke 
and  his  Officers,  and  imprifoned  him  who  brought 
him  the  MefTage,  Very  foon  after  Lambert's  fhort 
Reign  was  at  an  End  ;  he  was  difpofiefled  of  his 
Command,  by  Order  of  the  Reftored  Parliament, 
and  fkulk'd  away  from  ^ewcq/ile^  in  Difguife,  in 
order  to  fave  himfelf. 

But,  before  that  happened,  the  Committee  of 
Safety  kept  their  Seats,  as  ufual,  and  gave  out  Or- 
ders, though  often  perplexed  with  faucy  Petitions  ; 
particularly  one  from  the  City  of  London^  deftrisg 
to  have  fuch  a  Parliament  as  was  in  1642;  but 
this  was  laid  afide,  fays  Whitlocke,  as  a  Defign  to 
bring  in  the  Common  Enemy.  The  General  Coun- 
cil of  the  Officers  of  the  Navy  alfo  petitioned  them, 
That  Writs  might  be  ifiued  out  for  a  new  Election 
of  Parliament  Men.  But  this  Committee  of  Safety, 
anxious  to  continue  their  Power  fafe  to  themfelves, 
had  devifed  and  agreed  to  a  Form  of  Government, 
which  they  hoped  would  pleafe  every  one  :  And 
this  Scheme  was  contained  in  the  following  fhort 
Articles:  That  there  be  no  Kingfhip  ;  no  Single 
Perfon  as  Chief  Magiftrate  ;  that  an  Army  be  con- 
tinued ;  no  Jmpofition  upon  Confcience  ;  no  Houfe 
of  Peers  ;  the  Legiflativc  and  Executive  Powers  to 
be  in  diftincl  Hands  ;  Parliaments  to  be  elected  by 
the  People.  Upon  this  laft  Article  the  General 
Council  of  Officers,  of  the  Armies  and  Fleet  of 


Of   ENGLAND        v$ 

the  Three  Nations,  voted,  «  That  a  Parliament  be  Inter-regn 
called  before  February  next,  to  fit  and  ad  according        l659- 
to  fuch   Qualifications  as  are  or  {hall  be  agreed    V^jT~>vT" 
upon,   and  may  beft  fecure  the  juft  Rights,  Liber- 
ties, and  Privileges,  both  Civil  and  Religious,  of 
the  People  of  this  Commonwealth  V     So  that,  by 
this  laft  Reftri&ion,  the  People  were  to  chufe  the 
Members  of  Parliament,  not  fuch  as  they  liked 
themfelves,  but  fuch  as  were  dictated  to  them  by 
the  Army. 

But  all  thefe  fine-fpun  Schemes  and  Forms  of 
Government  came  to  nothing ;  a  fuperior  Hand 
was  over  the  Directors  of  them,  and  turned  all  their 
Projects  into  Water  :  Nay,  tho'  the  Officers  of  the 
Armies  defired  the  Committee  of  Safety  to  iflfue  out 
Writs  for  electing  a  new  Parliament,  to  fit  in  Ja- 
nuary next,  a  (horter  Date,  and  fome  Writs,  ft  hit -^ 
locks  tells  us,  he  fealed  himfelf ;  yet  Monkis  pre- 
vailing Arguments  got  the  better  of  all,  and  drove 
them  like  ChafF  before  the  Wind. 

Indeed  thefe  might  well  be  called  Hurling  Times  ; 
a  Term  made  ufe  of  fome  Centuries  ago,  in  the 
Courfe  of  this  Work,  on  much  the  fame  Occafion. 
No  Quiet  was  enjoyed  by  any  Party ;  all  were  at 
Work,  and  the  King's  Party  very  active.  Wh'itlocke 
tells  us,  '  That,  now,  every  Man  was  guided  by 
his  own  Fancy  and  Intereft  ;  thofe  in  Employment, 
or  Power,  moft  obnoxious  to  Trouble  ;  that  many 
wifhed  themfelves  out  of  thefe  daily  Hazards,  but 
knew  not  how  to  get  free  of  them,  the  Diftra&ions 
were  fo  ftrangely  high,  and  daily  increafmg.' 

To  fliew  the  Reader  what  a  Part  our  Memorialift 
acted  in  this  Scene  of  Affairs,  and  how,  like  a 
hunted  Fox,  when  the  Cry  came  clofe  upon  him, 
he  fkulk'd  and  fought  about  for  Refuge,  we  (hall 
only  fubjoin  his  own  Words  ;  and  truly,  confider- 
ing  the  Character  of  this  Man  quite  through  thefe 
Troubles,  and  how  ready  he  was  ever  to  ferve  the 
Side  that  was  uppermoft,  he  may,  in  this  Affair,  be 
eafily  believed.  Speaking,  as  he  always  does  in 

.  the 

fc  Wkit'.vckes  Memoirs,  p.  6.91. 

26        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-rcgnum.  the  fecond  Perfon,  of  the  prefent  Diftra&ions,  he 
l659-        proceeds  thus  : 

December.  t  Thefe   paffages    perplexed    Whitlocke,    as  Well 

as  others,  if  not  more,  he  all  along  fufpecting 
Monkis  Defign.  The  Lord  Wllloughby^  Alderman 
RobinfoHj  Ad.  G.  Brown,  Mr.  Loe,  and  others, 
came  to  him,  and  confirmed  his  Sufpicion  in  this 

.  „    r  Particular  :  and  propounded  to  him  to  go  to  Fleet- 

A  Conference  *  i    •/-     i  •  r     i   c      \      •  \  \ 

between  Fleet-  wood,  and  to  advile  him  to  lend  forthwith  to  the 
•uWand  0^/Y-King  at  Breda,  to  offer  to  bring  him  in  upon  good 
£d«boutbring-T  d  thereby  to  get  before-hand  with  Monke, 

Ing  in  the  King.  ' .       .    .      . <  .    .  b       .  ,    .         .  T, . 

who  queftionlefs  did  intend  to  bring  in  the  King. 
Wbitlocke,  upon  ferious  Thoughts  of  this,  went  to 
Fleetwood,  and  they  had  a  long  private  Difcourfe 
together,  wherein  Whitlocke  told  him,  '  That,  by 
the  Defire  of  his  Brother,  Sir  William  Fleetivood, 
and  of  the  Lord  Willoughby^  M.  G.  Brown,  Alder- 
man Robinfon,  Mr.  Loe,  and  others,  he  was  come 
to  difcourfe  freely  with  him  about  their  prefent  Con- 
dition, and  what  was  fit  to  be  done  in  fuch  an  Exi- 
gency as  their  Affairs  were  now  in.  That  it  was 
more  than  evident  that  Monkeys  Defign  was  to 
bring  in  the  King,  and  that  without  any  Terms  for 
the  Parliament  Party ;  whereby  all  their  Lives  and 
Fortunes  would  be  at  the  Mercy  of  the  King  and 
his  Party,  who  were  fufficiently  enraged  againft 
them,  and  in  Need  of  repairing  their  broken  For- 

'  That  the  Inclinations  of  the  Prefbyterian  Party 
generally,  and  of  many  others,  and  of  the  City,  and 
moft  of  the  Parliament's  old  Friends,  were  the  fame 
Way,  and  a  great  Part  of  the  Soldiery  : 

*  And  that  thefe  here  were  revolted  from  Fleet- 
wood,  as  thofe  in  the  North  under  Lambert,  and 
thofe  at  Portsmouth,  and  other  Places  : 

'  That  Monke  would  eafily  delude  Hafilrigge, 
and  the  reft  of  the  old  Parliament  Men ;  and  that  all 
the  infenfed  Lords  and  fecluded  Members  would 
be,  and  were,  aclive  in  this  Defign;  fo  thatWhit/oc&e 
laid,  the  Coming-in  of  the  King  was  unavoidable, 
and  that  he  thought,  being  that  ruuft  be,  that  it  was 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       27 

more  Prudence  for  Fleetwood  and  his  Friends  to  be  Inter-regnuna. 
the  Inftruments  of  bringing  him  in,  than  to  leave  it 
to  Monke : 

'  That,  by  this  Means,  Fleetwood  might  make 
Terms  with  the  King  for  the  Prefervation  of  him- 
felf  and  his  Friends,  and  of  that  Caufe,  in  a  good 
Meafure,  in  which  they  had  been  engaged  ;  but  if 
it  were  left  to  Monke^  they,  and  all  that  had  been 
done,  would  be  left  to  the  Danger  of  Deftru&ion. 

'  Whitlocke  therefore  propounded  to  Fleetwood  to 
do  one  of  thefe  two  Things,  either  to  give  Order 
for  all  his  Forces  to  draw  together,  and  nimfelf  and 
his  Friends  to  appear  at  the  Head  of  them,  and  fee 
what  Strength  they  could  make  that  would  ftand  by 
them  ;  and  accordingly  to  take  further  Refolutions 
if  they  found  their  Strength  but  fmall,  as  Whitlocke 
doubted ;  then,  with  thofe  few  he  had,  to  go  to  the 
Tower  and  take  PofTeffion  of  it ;  and  to  fend  to  the 
Mayor  and  Common  Council  of  London^  that  they 
would  join  with  them  to  declare  for  a  free  Parlia-* 
ment ;  which  he  thought  the  City  would  willingly 
do,  and  furnifti  him  with  Money  for  his  Soldiers, 
which  would  encreafe  their  Numbers. 

'  Fleetwood  afk'd  IVhitlocke^  If  he  would  go  with 
him  into  the  Field  and  to  the  Tower  ?  Wbitlocke 
faid  he  would.  Fleetwood  then  afk'd,  What  was 
the  other  Way  that  he  had  to  propound  to  him  in 
this  Exigency  ?  Wbitlocke  anfwered,  It  was  this  : 

'  That  Fleetwood  fhould  immediately  fend  away 
fome  Perfon  of  Tru-ft  to  the  King  at  Breda^  to  offer 
to  him  his  and  his  Friends  Service  to  the  reftoringof 
the  King  to  his  Right,  and  that  upon  fuch  Terms  as 
the  King  fhould  agree  upon  :  And,  for  this  Purpofe, 
to  give  Inftru&ions  to  the  Party  whom  Fleetwood 
fhould  fend  upon  this  Affair. 

'  Fleetwood  then  afk'd  Wbitlocke,  If  he  would  be 
willing  to  go  himfelf  upon  this  Employment?  Who 
anfwered,  That  he  would  go,  if  Fleetwood  thought 
good  to  fend  him.  And,  after  much  other  Dif- 
courfe  to  this  Effect,  Fleetwood  feemed  fully  fatis- 
iied  to  fend  Whitlocke  to  the  King,  and  defired 
Whithcke  to  go  and  prepare  himfelf  forthwith  for 


a8        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter- regnum.  the  Journey :  And  that,  in  the  mean  Time,  Fleet- 

l65fr        wood  and  his  Friends  would  prepare  the  Inftrudioris 

PeTmb"r       ^Of  k*m  '    ^°  *^at  ^e  "^g^t  begin   h'8  Jourrtey  this 

Evening,  or  7\>morrow  Morning  early. 

'  Whitlocke^  going  away  from  Fleetwood,  met 
Vane,  Dejborough,  and  Bury  in  the  next  Room, 
coming  to  fpealc  with  Fleetwood,  who  thereupon 
defired  Whitlocke  to  ftay  a  little  j  and  Whitlocke 
fufpe&ed  what  would  be  the  IfTue  of  their  Conful- 
tation  :  And  within  a  Quarter  of  an  Hour  Fleetwood 
came  to  Whitlocke^  and,  in  much  Paflion,  faid  to  him3 

*  I  cannot  do  it,  I  cannot  do  it.'     Whitlocke  defirecj 
his  Reafons  why  he  could  not  do  it  ?  He  anfwered, 

*  Thefe  Gentlemen  have  remembered  me,  and  it 

*  is  true,  that  I  am  engaged  not  to  do  any  fuch 

*  Thing  without  my  Lord  Lambert's  Confent.' 

*  Whitlocke  replied,  '  That  Lambert  was  at  too 
great  a  Diftance  to  have  his  Confent  to  this  Bufi- 
nefs,  which  mufl  be  inftantly  a£ted.' 

'  Fleetwood  again  faid,  '  I  cannot  do  it  without 

*  him.'  Then  Wklthcke  faid,  '  You  will  ruin  your- 

*  felf  and  your  Friends.'  He  faid,  *  I  cannot  help  it.' 
Then  Whitlocke  told  him,  He  muft  take  his  Leave  ; 
and  {b  they  parted.* 

But  to  go  on  with  more  material  Affairs,  and 
leave  this  Weathercock,  for  a  while,  to  fhift  about 
with  the  Wind  :  The  daily  Revolts  from  this  new- 
erected  Council  made  them  forefee  their  own  De- 
ftru&ion,  if  they  flood  in  the  Gap  any  longer,  and 
hindered  the  Parliament  from  refuming  their  old 
Seats  in  the  Houfe.  Accordingly, 

The  Parliament      This   Day,    December   26,    the    Speaker,   and 
ecftored.  Members  of  Parliament  then  in   Town,    met   at 

Whitehall,  from  whence  they  proceeded  to  the  Par- 
liament Houfe,  on  Foot  -,  thofe  very  Soldiers  fhout- 
ing  as  they  now  pafs'd  by,  who,  but  a  little  more 
than  two  Months  ago,  by  Force  fliut  them  out  of 
the  Houfe. 

The  late  tlifcarded  Members  having  re-aflumed 
their  Seats  and  Power,  we  find  their  Journals  begin 

Of   ENGLAND.       29 

again,  and  proceed  without  the  leaft  Notice  being 

taken  of  the  Interruption  in  them.     We  fhall  there- 

fore  abftracl:  from  thence  whatever  feems  to  the  Pur- 

pofe,  and  explain  it  by,  and  conned  it  with,  the     :  ecen"*r* 

Hiftories  of  the  Times  afterwards. 

But  before  we  enter  on  the  Proceedings  of  this 
other  Seflion,  of  what  we  (hall  now  call  a  Parlia- 
ment, tho'  it  was  compofed  of  no  more  than  the 
fame  Number,  and  the  fame  identical  Perfons  that 
fat  laft,  we  (hall  give  our  Readers  an  Account  of 
another  Pufh  Mr.  Prynne  and  his  Colleagues  made 
to  get  into  the  Houfe,  and  fit  among  them.  He 
tells  us,  «  That  when  Lenthall^  their  Speaker,  with 
the  other  Members,  found  that  they  might  have 
Leave,  from  their  Matters,  to  meet  again,  they 
affembled  at  Whitehall  juft  fo  many  as  to  make  a 
Houfe  :  And  late  in  the  Evening,  on  December  26, 
marched  from  thence,  by  Torch  and  Candle-light, 
through  Channel-Row^  to  the  Parliament  Houfe* 
There  they  fat  a  good  while,  he  fays,  and  made 
fome  Orders  about  the  Army  to  raife  Money  for 
them,  and  then  adjourned  till  next  Morning. — But 
the  reft  of  this  Affair  take  in  Mr.  Prynne's  own 
Words : 

«  On  Tuefday  Morning,  the  2yth  of  December,  p^ww's  fecohd 
they  made  Hafte  early  to  the  Houie,  whereof,  and  Account  of  his 
of  the  former  Night's  Praaice,  fome  faithful  Mem-^ne.refufed. 
bers  of  the  Houfe  (now  eleven  Years  fecluded  by^e ST.' M 
Force)  having  Notice,  as  many  of  them  as  could 
fuddenly  get  together,  judged  it  their  Duty  (now  that 
the  Houfe  feemed,  by  an  admirable  Providence  of 
God,  to  be  delivered  from  that  Force  and  Bondage 
they  had  been  under  fo  many  Years)  to  attend  the 
Discharge  of  their  Truft  for  their  Country,  and  con- 
tribute their  beft  Afliftance  and  Advice  for  filling  of 
the  Houfe,  that,   by  full  and  free  Councils,  the  fad 
Breaches  of  thefe  Nations  might  be  made  up,  and 
our  Foundations  fettled.     In  purfuance  of  this  their 


*  From  another  Pamphlet  of  Prynre^s,  with  a  very  long  Title,  ar 
ufual,  though  Jxe  calls  it  only  A  brief  Narrati-vc,  &c.  printed  for  /.'. 
3"tnmast  at  the  /Uem  aad  Evet  Little -Jirittin,  1659. 




$o       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Refolution,  there  went  to  the  Houfe  the  Perfons 

following,  viz. 

Sir  Gilbert  Gerard,  Mr.  William  Prynne 

Sir  William  Waller, 

John  Crew,  Efq; 

Arthur  Anne/ley,  Efq; 

Serjeant  Maynard, 

Mr.  Nathaniel  Stephens, 

Mr.  Richard  Knightly, 

Sir  Anthony  Irby, 

Sir  "John  Evelyn,  of  Surry, 
Serjeant  Waller, 
Col.  £«£^, 
Mr.  John  Nelthorp9 
Sir  ^^»  Temple, 

Mr.  Povey, 

Mr.  Henry  Hungerford, 

Sir  .fo^rf  jpy, 

Mr.  Qwfield, 

Mr.  Charles  Pym, 

Col.  Lloydy  and 

Mr.  P«* ; 

Mr.  Francis  Bacon,  com- 
ing alone  to  demand 
his  Right,  was  excluded 
before  they  came. 

*  Being  come  to  the  Lobby  Door,  through  a  Guard 
of  Soldiers  that  were  upon  the  Stairs,  we  knocked 
for  Admittance ;  but  the  Door-keeper  having  opened 
the  Door,  and  feeing  us  there,  (hut  it  again,  telling 
Ms,That  he  had  Orders  to  keep  all  the  feduded  Members 
cut:  We  demanded,  From  whom?  he  laid,  From 
the  Houfe  ;  yet  two  of  us  that  were  neareft  the  Door 
overcame  him  with  Reafon  to  let  us  into  the  Lobby  ; 
with  which  thofe  that  guarded  the  Houfe  Door  be- 
ing, it  feems,  alarmed,  (for,  by  the  whole  Carriage 
of  the  Bufmefs,  it  was  apparent  they  expected  we 
would,  as  heretofore,  continue  our  Claim  in  the 
People's  Behalf)  cried  out  aloud,  Cooper^  (which 
was  the  Name  of  the  outward  Door-keeper)  Keep 
cloje  the  Door,  the  Houfe  hath  ordered  that  none 
cf  them  Jhould  be  Buffered  to  come  in,  and  will  be 
very  angry  if  you  admit  any  of  them  ;  whereupon  he 
kept  out  all  the  reft,  dofmg  the  Door  often  upon 
them  ftrivtng  for  Entrance,  when  others  palled  in  or 
out.  But  thofe  who  had  already  got  in  exprefTed 
a  great  Refentment  of  this  continued  Force  upon- 
the  Houfe,  demanding  If  there  were  any  there  who 
could  produce  any  Warrant  for  what  was  done? 
And  telling  the  Guards  and  Officers  there,  That  it 
was  flrange  Ufage  to  the  Members  of  the  Houfe,  to  deny 
them  this  Privilege  of  Entrance  into  the  Lobby \  wber: 
the  very  Fectmen  and  others  were  freely  admitttd  j  and 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         31 

btw  there  were  fame  antient  Members  without,  viz.  Sir  Inter-regftumt 
Gilbert  Gerard,  Mr.  Crew,  Mr.  Stephens,  Sir  Wil-  l659- 
liam  Waller,  and  other 's,  who  could  not  bear  the  Croud  ^^TT"^ 
upon  the  Stairs,  and  that  we  liked  their  Company  fo 
much  better  than  what  we  found  within,  that,  unlefs 
all  were  admitted,  we  and  the  People  took  fufficient 
Notice  of  the  Farce  and  Affront,  and  would  be  gone. 
Yet  afked  firft  for  the  Officers  that  commanded  the 
Guard,  who  were  pretended  to  have  Orders  for  this 
Force,  viz.  Col.  Okey  and  Col.  Alured ;  who,  being 
really  at  Hand,  were  prefently  brought  to  us.  They 
defiring  us  to  be  civil,  and  make  no  Difturbance  at 
the  Door  :  We  replied,  We  came  thither  in  a  civil 
and  peaceable  Manner  to  claim  our  Rights,  and  dif- 
charge  our  Trujls  for  our  Country ;  and  they  were 
very  uncivil  towards  us,  and  made  the  Difturbancey 
by  ft -eluding  us  forcibly,  againjt  their  Trujls  and  Du- 
ties, not  only  out  of  the  Houfe,  but  Lobby  too,  free 
for  all  others  but  Members,  whofe  Privileges  were 
reduced  to  fuch  a  low  Ebb,  as  not  to  enjoy  the  Right 
cf  the  meane/t  Commoner.  After  thefe  Expoftula- 
ttons,  they  were  fo  far  convinced  of  our  rude  Enter- 
tainment, that  Col.  Alured  caufed  the  Door  to  be 
opened,  and  let  the  reft  of  us  into  the  Lobby.  Our 
next  Attempt  was  to  get  into  the  Houfe  ;  but  then 
the  faid  Colonels  defired  us  to  forbear.  We  afk'd, 
By  what  Warrant  they  kept  us  out  whom  they  knew 
to  be  Members,  they  having  fworn  Obedience  to  the 
Parliament?  They  replied,  They  had  Orders  for 
what  they  did.  We  defired  a  Sight  of  them,  and  we 
would  retire  and  trouble  them  no  further.  Col. 
Alured  faid,  That  their  Order  was  not  about  them  ; 
but  fome  others,  and  one  Hage,  by  Name,  faid, 
They  had  verbal  Orders  to  keep  us  out.  At  length 
Col.  Alured  told  us,  If  we  would  reft  ourselves  in  the 
inner  Lobby,  he  would,  by  the  Serjeant,  acquaint  the 
Houfe  of  our  Coming,  and  Demand  of  Admittance  ; 
and  accordingly  he  went  prefently  to  the  Houfe 
Door,  and  knocking,  the  Serjeant  came  to  the  Door 
to  him  ;  but  at  the  opening  of  it,  feeing  fome  of  us 
there  offering  to  come  in,  held  the  Door  almoft 
fhut;  whereupon  Col.  Alured  told  him,  That  the 


32        Tie  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  Members  were  come^  and  endeavoured  to  get  into  ike 

l6S9-        Houfe,    defiring  him  to  acquaint  the  Speaker  and 

^—  ~~ v-  "^    Houfe  fo  much,  (as  fome  of  the  Members  did  alfo) 

itecem  er.     whicn  ne  promifed,  and  immediately  did,  returning 

to  the  Door  to  tell  us,  Thai  be  had  done  fo,  and  that 

the  Houje  had  thereupon  taken  tip  the  Debate  of  that 

Bufmefs ;  and  the  Turnkey  prcfently  took  the  Key 

out  of  the  Door,  to  prevent  any  further  Attempt  of 

going  in.     Col,  Ingoldfby,  whilft  we  were  at  the 

firftDoor,came  in,  who  was  the  only  fitting  Member 

that  we  faw,  for  none  came  out  whilft  we  were  there : 

Him  we  defired  to  acquaint  the  Houfe  with  our 

Attendance,  and  the  Force  upon  us,  which  he  pro- 

niifed  to  do,  and  we  believe  did. 

*  Having  attended  above  an  Hour,  with  more 
Diftance  and  Strangenefs  than  ever  we  were  ufed 
to  when  we  went  on  MefTages  to  the  Lords  Houfe, 
who  ufually  came  many  of  them  out,  and  difcourfed 
Very  familiarly  with  usj  whereas  not  one  of  thefe 
felf-made  Lordiings  (whether  out  of  Pride,  Guilt, 
or  both,  let  others  judge)  vouchfafed  to  come  near 
us.  We  grew  weary  of  waiting  fo  long  and  fervily 
upon  thofe,  who,  in  their  higheft  Capacity,  are  but 
our  Equals,  though  we  had  borne  it  thus  far,  to  ac- 
quit ourfelves  of  neglecting  no  Condefcenfion  that 
might  make  Way  to  the  Difcharge  of  the  Truft  we 
are  in  for  pur  Country :  And  therefore  we  made 
Col.  A ] lured  acquainted,  That  we  were  refolved  to 
(lay  no  longer,  itnlefs  the  Houfe  declared  they  defired 
•we  Jhould :  Whereupon  he  went  again  to  the  Houfe 
Door,  which,  upon  his  Knock,  being  opened,  he 
acquainted  the  Serjeant  fo  much,  willing  him  to 
give  Notice  thereof  to  the  Speaker  and  Members 
fitting;  which  he  prefently  did,  and,  within  a  ftiort 
Time  after,  the  Serjeant  came  out  to  us,  and  having 
made  a  Preamble,  That  he  had  no  Direction  to  come 
and  tell  us  any  thing,  he  told  us  of  his  own  Civility, 
That  the  Houfe  had  paffed  a  Vote  in  cur  Bufmefs  ; 
which,  in  Effeff*  was,  the  appointing  the  $th  of  Ja- 
nuary to  take  the  Ifajinefs  of  the  abfent  Members  into 
Confideration ;  which  v/e  looked  upon  as  a  difdain- 
ful  Affront,  being  prefent,  not  abfent  Members, 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         33 

and  an  avowed  Confirming  and  Owning  of  this  for- 
cible  Exclufion  of  us,  and  fo  departed.  '—Thus  far 
Mr.  Prynne. 

And  now  the  firft  Thing  we  find  this  Houfe  did,  The  Parlia- 
was  to  appoint  a  Committee,  confifting  of  Popbam,  mmt's  Proceed 
Thompfon,  Okey,  Attired,  and  Markham,  all  Colo-1"65' 
nels,  with  Sir  Anthony  AJhley  Cooper  ^  and  Mr.  Scctt^ 
to  order,  dire£,  and  conduct  the  Forces  of  the  Ar- 
my, and  all  other  Forces  ;  and  to  command  the 
fame,  for  the  Safety  of  the  Parliament  and  this 
Commonwealth  ;  to  fupprefs  all  Tumults,  Infur- 
rections,  and  Rebellions,  and  all  fuch  Forces  which 
fhall  oppofe,  or  refift,  the  Commands  of  the  Parlia- 
ment ;  and  to  obferve  fuch  Orders  and  Directions 
as  they  (hall  receive,  from  Time  to  Time,  from  the 
Parliament,    or   the  Gommiflioners  appointed   by 
Authority  of  Parliament.     This  Power  to  continue 
till  further  Orders. 

Orders  were  alfo  given  to  provide  one  Month's 
Pay,  forthwith,  for  the  Payment  of  the  Non-Corn* 
miffion  Officers,  and  all  other  Officers,  under  the 
Degree  of  Captains,  with  the  private  Soldiery,  both 
Horfe  and  Foot.  The  Committee  for  infpecling 
the  Treafury  to  advance  this  Money  out  of  the 
Treafuries  of  this  Commonwealth.  —  The  Govern- 
ment of  the  Toiver  was  committed  to  Sir  Anthony 
Weaver  ,  Scstt,  and  Jofias  Earners. 

December  27.  The  Houfe  being  informed  that; 
the  Duties  on  Excife  and  Cuftoms  would  expire  in 
a  few  Days,  they  immediately  ordered  in  a  new 
A61  for  the  fame  ;  which  being  read  a  firft  and  fe- 
cond  Time,  and  committed,  was  reported  back  the 
fame  Day,  Commiffioners  named,  read  a  third 
Time,  pafTed,  and  was  ordered  to  be  forthwith. 
printed  and  publifhed. 

Ordered,  l  That  no  Forces  (hall  be  raifed,  but 
by  Authority  of  this  prefent  Parliament  :  And  that 
all  fuch  Forces  as  have  been,  or  mail  be,  raifed, 
without  Authority  of  Parliament,  be  forthwith  dif- 
banded.  Provided,  That  this  Vote  extend  not  to 
any  of  the  Forces  raifed  by  General  Menke. 

VOL.  XXII.  C  Ordered, 

34       5T&  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

interregnum.  Ordered,  '  That  all  the  Regiments  of  Horfe  and 
1^  i*-^  ^j  Foot,  in  the  Northern  Counties,  do  forthwith  repair 
December.  unto  ^ucn  Quarters  as  {hall  be  appointed  by  the 
Commiffioners  for  Management  of  the  Army  ;  and 
obferve  fuch  Orders  and  Directions  as  the  Commif- 
fioners, from  Time  to  Time,  (hall  give  forth/ 

Ordered,  '  That  it  be  referred  to  a  Committee 
to  prepare  Letters  of  Thanks,  and  Acknowledge- 
ment of  the  Fidelity  and  good  Service  of  General 
Monke,  Vice-  Admiral  LawJ'on,  and  the  Commiffion- 
ers  at  Port/mouth.  Mr.  Scott,  Mr.  Weaver,  and 
Col.  Martin  were  to  draw  up  the  fame,  and  the 
Speaker  to  fign  and  feal  the  faid  Letters  with  the 
Seal  of  the  Parliament.' 

Refolved,  «  That  Mr.  Speaker  be  defired  to 
write  Letters  to  the  feveral  Members  of  this  Hotife, 
forthwith  to  give  their  Attendance  on  that  S.ervice.' 
This  Vote  was  very  neceiTary;  when,  on  a  Divilion 
'"*Vf  this  Day  about  a  Commiffioner  of  the  Cuftoms, 
the  Numbers  were  only  20  to  17.  Not  a  Houfe  at 
this  Time. 

December  28.  Col.  Ingoldjby  gave  an  Account  to 
the  Horffe,  of  his  taking  and  fecuring  ff^indfor  Caftle 
for  the  Parliament ;  which  A6tion  the  Houfe  appro- 
ved of,  and  gave  Thanks  to  him  and  the  Forces  un- 
der him. 

December  29.  The  Speaker,  by  Order  of  the 
Houfe,  did  return  hearty  Thanks  to  Sir  Arthur 
Hafilrigge^  Col.  Walton^  and  Col.  Morley^  then 
prefent  in  the  Houfe ;  and  they  were  ordered  to  bring 
in  a  Note  of  what  \Monies  they  had  dilburfed  in  the 
fecuring  of  Portfrnoutb,  to  the  end  that  a  Courfe 
might  be  taken  for  the  fpeedy  Repayment  of  them. 

Next,  the  Houfe  voted  their  Approbation  of  what 
General  Monke  had  done,  in  placing  and  difplacing 
of  Officers ;  and  that  the  faid  Officers  were  there- 
upon confirmed  in  their  Offices  and  Places.  Ano- 
ther Letter  of  Thanks  was  alfo  voted  to  be  fent  to 
the  General  for  his  Fidelity  and  faithful  Service. 
The  Houfe  alfo  approved  of  what  was  done  by  fo 
many  of  the  Council  of  State,  as  acled  for  the  Parlia- 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        35 

ment  during  the  Time  of  the  late  Interruption  of  Inter-regnum, 
their  Sitting  ;  and  gave  them  the  hearty  Thanks  of       l6S9- 
the  Houfe,  for  their  good  and  faithful  Service  done         "^ 
to  the  Parliament  and  Commonwealth. 

Ordered,  *  That  the  Thanks  of  this  Houfe  be 
given  to  Vice-Admiral  Lawfon^  and  all  the  Com- 
manders and  Officers  of  the  Fleet,  for  their  Fidelity 
and  great  good  Service  done  for  the  Parliament  and 
Commonwealth  :  And  that  Mr.  Scott  and  Mr.  Sol- 
licitor  Reynolds  do  repair  to  the  Fleet,  and  prefent 
thefe  Votes  and  Letters  of  Thanks  to  the  Vice- 
Admiral,  Commanders,  and  Officers  there ;  and  to 
Jet  them  know,  That  the  Houfe  will  take  Care  for. 
the  Payment  of  their  Arrears  in  due  Time/ 

Other  Perfons  fhared  likewife  the  Thanks  of  the 
Houfe  on  this  Occafion  ;  and,  amongft  thefe,  their 
old  Speaker,  Lentball^  was  not  forgotten  ;  for  he, 
amongft  the  reft,  had  the  Thanks  of  the  Houfe  be- 
ftowed  upon  him,  for  his  very  good  Service  done  to 
the  Commonwealth. 

In  this  Shower  of  Gratitude  poured  down  upon 
Individuals  on  all  Sides,  for  affifting  this  Tail  of 
a  Parliamem  to  its  v/arm  Seat  again,  fome  one 
Member,  we  fuppofe,  moved,  That  God  Almighty 
might  not  be  neglected.  Thereupon  it  was  order- 
ed, *  That  a  Day  fhould  be  fet  a  part  and  obfer- 
ved  by  the  Members  of  this  Houfe,  in  this  Houfe, 
for  Fafting  and  Humiliation  ;  and  for  acknowledg- 
ing of  God's  Mercy  with  Thankfulnefs  :  And  for 
Prayer,  for  his  further  Bleffings  on  the  Councils  of 
the  Parliament,  and  Afiiftance  in  carrying  on  the 
great  Work  lying  on  their  Hands.' — Ordered,  alfb, 
*  That  Mr.  Burgefs  of  Portfrnoutb^  Mr.  fanning^ 
and  Mr.  Jenkins,  be  defired  to  a,flift  in  carrying  or* 
the  Work  of  that  Day. 

Dec.  30.  According  to  an  Order  made  the  Day 
before,  the  Houfe  began  on  this  to  prepare  for  the 
electing  a  new  Council  of  State,  confiding  of  twenty- 
one  of  their  own  Members,  and  ten  of  fuch  as  were 
riot  of  the  Houfe.  It  was  done  in  the  ufual  Way 
by  Ballot  j  but  the  Form  and  Manner  of  it  took  up 
C  2  the 

36       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  the  reft  of  this  Day,  fo  that  the  Nomination  of  them 
1659.        was  not  made  till  the  next.  a 

December.         The  Names  of  the  Perfons  who  had  moft  Voices, 
A  n°w  Council  ar'^  were  Members  of  this  Parliament,    were  re- 
of  State  ele&ed.  Ported  >    and  the  Quedion  being  put  upon  each  of 
their  Names  diftinotly,  the  following  Perfons  were 
allowed  to  be  duly  elected  : 
Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge,        Col.  Tbompfon, 
Mr.  Herbert  Morlcy,  Mr.  John  DixweU, 

Mr.  Wallop*  Mr.  'Henry  Nevill, 

Mr.  Thomas  Scott,  Col.  Fagg, 

Mr.  Nicholas  Love,  Mr.  John  Corbet, 

Mr.  Oliver  St.  John,          Mr.  Thomas  Cha^ner, 
Col.  White,  Mr.  Henrj  Martin, 

Mr.  John  Weaver,  Mr.  William  Say, 

Mr.  Robert  Reynolds?          Col.  Walton, 
Sir  James  Harrington,        Mr.  Luke  Rolinfon.  ° 
Sir  Thomas  Widdrington, 

The  ten  ferfons  out  of  the  Houfe  were, 
Sir  jfnthonyd/bley  Cooper,  The  Lord  Fairfax, 
General  Monke,  Alderman  Foote, 

Vice- Admiral  Lawfon,       Tyrrill, 

Alderman  Love,  Robert  Roll, 

Jofias  Earners,  Sling/by  Beth  ell. 

The  Time  for  the  Continuance  of  this  Council 
of  State,  to  fit  and  aft,  was  voted  to  be  only  from 
January  the  ift,  1659,  to  the  ift  Day  of  dpril, 
1660.  Inductions  were  drawn  up  and  agreed  for 
them  to  act  by,  which  are  not  entered  in  the  Jour- 
nals at  Length  j  but,  by  the  fhort  Hints  given  there 
of  them,  we  fuppofe  this  Council  had  as  much 
Power  over  the  Liberties,  Lives,  and  Fortunes,  of 
their  Fellow- Subjects,  as  ever  belonged  to  the  Re- 
gality. And,  that  they  might  be  all  true  and  trufty 
to  the  Good  Old  Caufe,  they  devifed  the  Form  of  an 
Oath,  which  every  one  of  the  Council  were  to  take 


a  See  the  Form  in  the  Comment  Journals,  p.  800. 

b  This  laft  was  a  Shake-Cap,  for  Mr.  Carcw  Raleigh  had  the  fame 
Number  of  Voices  on  the  Ballot  j  but  both  their  Names  being  p • 
int«  a  Hat  and  ftgkcd,  the  Speaker  drew  cut  Mr, 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        37 

before  they  were  admitted  to  their  Seats;  as  were  alfo  Inter-regnum. 
the  Members  of  Parliament,  as  well  tho-fe  who  then  .     J_  5— '  _j 
fat  in.  the  Houfe,  as  thofe  that  were  to  fit  hereafter.      jammy. 
The  Oath,  or  Engagement,  was  in  thefe  Words  : 

/A.  B.  do  hereby  fwear,  That  I  do  renounce  the  An  Abjuration 
pretended  Title,  or  Titles,  of  Charles  Stuart,  «»</°ath» 
tke  whole  Line  of  the  late  King  James  ;  and  of  every 
other  Pcrfon,  as  a  Single  Perfon,  pretending,  or 
which  Jhall  pretend,  to  the  Crown  or  Government  of 
thefe  Nations  of  England,  Scotland,  and  Ireland, 
or  any  of  them  :  And  that  I  ivill,  by  the  Grace  and 
jijjiftance  of  Almighty  God,  be  true,  faithful,  and 
ccn/iant  to  the  Parliament  and  Commonwealth,  and 
luill  cppofe  the  Bringing-in,  or  Setting-up  of  any  Single 
Perfon  or  Houfe  of  Lords •>  and  every  of  them,  in  this 

The  Parliament  being  thus  reinftated  in  their  for- 
mer Sovereignty,  and  having  taken  Care,  as  they 
thought,  to  build  a  Wall  of  Brafs  quite  round  them, 
on  which  were  many  Watch-Towers,  to  guard  all 
the  Avenues,  in  order  to  prevent  fuch  perverfe  Ac- 
cidents as  had  before  happened  to  them  :  Thus,  we 
fay,  were  they  feemingly  barricaded  againft  all  fmi- 
fler  Events,  when  the  unerring  Hand  of  Providence 
brought  Deftru6tion  upon  them  from  afar,  and  gave 
them  fuch  a  Fall  as  never  to  rife  again. 

It  was  on  the  ift  Day  of  January,  i6^»  th at Monke  enters 
General  Monke  began  his  March  out  of  Scotland,  an 
crofled  the  Tweed  with  the  Infantry  of  his  Army, 
his  Horfe  following  him  on  the  next.  Dr.  Gumble9 
one  of  his  Chaplains,  and  Author  alfo  of  his  Life, 
tells  us,  That  the  General  had  but  four  Regiments 
of  Horfe  and  fix  of  Foot,  making  in  all  about  5000 
Men,  with  him  ;  and  that  this  was  all  the  Force  he 
ever  defigned  for  the  Expedition.  It  was  without 
any  Call,  Orders,  or  Summons  from  his  Matters 
at  r/cflminjier,  that  he  began  this  March  ;  .and 
Lambert  being  now  ftolen  away  from  Newca/lU,  and 
his  Army  left  without  a  Commander,  Monke  had 
nothing  to  fear  from  that  Quarter  to  flop  his  Pro- 
C  3  grefs. 

38       'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

jnter-regnum.  grefs.     The  other  Reverend  Author  we  have  before 

l6S9«        quoted,  is  very  particular  in  his  Account  of  this 

' — v— -^    March,  which  we  fhall  follow  as  oft  as  there  is  Oc- 

January.      caflon  .  obferving  here,  that  on  this  Day,  Jan.  2, 

it  was  the  General  received  a  kind  Letter  from  the 

Speaker,    mentioned  before  out   of  the  Journals, 

fignifying,  indeed,  that  they  were  returned  to  the 

Exercife  of  their  Authority,  but  not  one  Word  about 

his  marching  towards  them  :    And  this,   adds  the 

Doctor,  did  but  incrcafe  his  Jeafoufy  of  them.    But 

we  mall  leave  the  General  now  to  purfue  his  March 

Southward,   and  return  to  our  ""Journals, 

The  fame  Day  the  Houfe  pafled  a  Vote,  «  That 
all  Officers  who  were  in  Commiffion  on  the  nth 
of  Ottober,  1659,  and  all  other  Officers  and  Sol- 
diers in  the  late  Defection  and  Rebellion,  who  have 
already  fubmitted,  and  fuch  as  fhall  hereafter  fub- 
jnit  themfelves,  and  return  to  their  Duty  and  Obe- 
dience to  the  Parliament,  before  the  gth  Day  of  this 
Inftant  'January  fhall  be,  and  are  hereby  pardoned 
and  indemnified  for  Life  and  Eftate  ;  and  all  fuch 
Officers  to  be  difpofed  of  by  the  Council  of  State, 
Commiffioners  of  the  Army,  or  General  MonkeJ" 

The  Queftion  being  put,  That  John  Lambert, 
Efq;  fhall  be  included  within  this  Vote,  the  Houfe 
divided,  and  it  was  carried  for  the  Queftion,  28 
againft  1 8. — Ordered,  '  That  this  Vote  be  forth- 
with printed  and  publifhexl,  and  that  the  Council 
of  State  fee  it  put  in  Execution.' 

Jan.  3.  This  Day  it  was  refolved,  on  the  Que- 
ilion,  '  That  Writs  fhould  iflue  out  for  electing; 
Members  to  fit  and  ferve  in  Parliament,  in  the 
Places  of  thofe  Members  of  this  Houfe  that  were 
dead,  under  fuch  Qualifications  as  (hould  be  agreed 
upon  by  the  Houfe  ;  and  a  Committee  was  named 
to  draw  up  and  bring  in  fuch  Qualifications  for 
Members  for  the  Houfe  to  approve  of.' 

.Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge  reported  a  Bill  to  the  Houfe, 
For  enacting  the  Oath  of  Renunciation  of  the  Title 
pf  Charles  Stuart,  and  the  whole  Line  of  the  late 
Jatnfs,  to  be  taken  by  every  Member  that 


Of    ENGLAND.         39 

fcow  fittcth,  or   that  fhall  fit,  in  Parliament.——  inter-regnum. 
This  Bill  being  put  to  the  Queftion   for  the  firft        l6S9- 
Reading,  on  a  Divifion,  it  was  carried  by  24  to  15.  ~ 

The  Bill  was  read  accordingly,  and  ordered  a  fecond 
Reading  on  the  6th  Inltant. 

Jan.  4,  was  the  Faft-Day,  on  which  little  Bufi- 
nefs  was  done,  befides  returning  Thanks  to  their 
Preachers  for  their  great  Pains-taking,  &c.  After- 
wards the  Houfe  read  fome  Letters  from  different 
Parts  ;  one  from  York,  dated  Jan.  2,  to  Sir  Arthur 
Hafilrigge.  Thefe  might  give  fome  Account  of 
jlfonlee's  and  Lord  Fairfax's  Motions  ;  but  none  of 
their  Contents  are  entered  in  the  Journals,  nor  have 
we  met  with  them  elfewhere. 

Jan.  5.  Nothing  remarkable  happened  on  this 
Day,  fave  that,  at  the  End  of  it,  are  fome  Altera- 
tions, the  Note  on  which  informs  us,  That  here; 
three  Entries  are  erazed  in  the  Original,  and  on  the 
Margin  is  written,  Nulled  by  Order  of  Feb.  21, 
1659.  The  Reafon  for  which  we  fhall  know 
further  when  we  come  to  that  Day. 

Jan.  6.  Another  Letter  from  General  Monke, 
dated  from  Coldjlream,  Dec.  29,  was  read  in  the 
Houfe,  but  the  Contents  not  entered  in  the  Jour' 
nah  :  However,  we  have  met  with  a  Copy  of  it  in 
the  old  Pamphlet  before-mentioned,  which  we 
give  accordingly  : 

A  LETTER  fent  from  General 

To  the  Right  Hon.  WILLIAM  LENTHALL,  Efq\ 

Speaker  to  the  Right  Honourable  the  Parliament 

of  England, 

To  be  communicated  to  the  reft  of  the  Members  of 

Parliament  at  London. 

Right  Honourable,        Coldjlream,  Dec.  29,  1659; 
c  T  Received  yours  of  the  22d  Inftant,  and  defire  to  Another  Letter 
'  JL    return  to  our  good  God  hearty  Thanks,  that  j™»  thc 

4  he  hath  been  pleafed  to  own  and  appear  for  his 

«  People 

40       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  '  People  in  fuch  glorious  Inftances  of  Mercy  and 

1659.        '  Deliverance.     I  blefs  the  Lord,  I  never  doubted 

^-^•v^—^    '  of  his  Prei'ence  and  Su,ccefs  in  this  Undertaking, 

iar'V*      '  being  Ib  righteous   a  Caufe,  and  had  long  fince 

4  put  it  to  God's  Determination  ;  but  upon  Adver- 

c  tifements  from  Friends  in  England^  That  if  I  could 

4  continue  here  without  engaging  till  the  firft  of 

4  ^January,  the  Work  would  be  done  without  Blood. 

4  I  cannot  but  admire  upon  what  Intelligence  you 

*  fliould  be  perfuaded  of  a  fecond  Treaty  :  Indeed 
4  I  was  forced  to  make  Ufe  of  fuch  an  Overture, 
4  to  remove  the  Commiilioners  from  London,  whom 

*  I  cannot  but  blame  for  receding  from  their  In- 
4  ftru£tions  j  but  I  hope  they  will  give  you  a  fatis- 

*  factory  Account  of  their  Proceedings ;  yet  I  ac- 
4  knowledge  that  I  could  not  but  refent  their  Car- 
4  riage,  having  fecured  one  of  them  for  betraying 
4  the  private  Liftructions,  of  which  I  doubt  not  but 
4  you  have  been  fully  informed. 

*  My  laft  Anfwer  to  the  Lord  Lambert,  who  Tent 
4  feveral  Mefiengers  to  invite  me  to  a  fecond  Trea- 
6  ty,  was,  That  I  could  not  treat  without  Autho- 
4  rity  from  the  Commiffioners  for  the  Government 
c  of  the  Army  ;  and  to  that  End  defired  a  Pafs  for 
4  the  fame  Mefiengers  to  go  to  Portfmoutb  to  re- 
4  ceive  their  Commands  and  Inftru&ions,  who  were 
4  returned  back  with  this  Anfwer  from  Lambert  and 
4  the  Council  of  Officers,  That  they  could  not  con- 
'  fent  thereunto  j  and  fmce  that  I  have  not  heard  • 
4  from  them. 

4  I  have  your  Army,  I  blefs  God.,  upon  the  River 
4  Tweedy  within  three  Hours  ready  to  be  drawn 
4  together,  and  they  are  very  chearful  and  unani- 
4  mous,  willing  to,  endure  any  Hardship  for  your 
4  Service. 

4  The  laft  Night  Capt.  Campbell  came  Exprefs 
*  from  Ireland,  giving  a  full  Account  of  their  Af- 
4  fection  to  the  Parliament,  and  of  the  late  Tranfac- 
4  tions  there  :  That  they  had  feized  Dublin  Caftle, 
c  and  fecured  Jones  and  others,  with  a  Declaration 
6  to  ftand  by  and  own  your  Authority  j  for  which, 

4  on 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        41 

*  on  this  Inftant,  we  kept  a  Day  of  Thankfgiving.  Inter-regnum, 

*  They  writ  alfo  to  the  Irijb  Brigade  in  England,        l659- 

*  which  I  difpatched  to  them.    Sir  Hardrefs  Waller  *~7~^ 

*  gives  me  an  Account,  that  all  the  Forces  and      January« 

*  Garrifons  in  Ireland  had  declared  for  you. 

4  This  is  fuch  a  Mercy,  that  I  hope  the  Lord 
4  will  make  us  fenfible  of,  and  careful  to  improve. 
4  They  required  my  Opinion  as  to  managing  of  the 
'  Affairs  of  the  Army,  which  in  fuch  an  urgent 

*  Neceffity  I  prefumed  to  give.     I  have  difpofed  of 
4  moft  of  the  vacant  Commands  in  Scotland  to  very 

*  honeft  Men,  who  are  ready  to  die  for  your  Ser- 

*  vice,  or  to  difband  at  your  Command.     And  be- 

*  fore  your  Letter  came  to  FJand,  I  had  difpofed  of 

*  Col.  Saunders's  and  Major  Barton's  Commands, 
4  the  Lord  Lambert's  Forces  prefling  upon  me.     I 

*  could  not  leave  my  vacant  Places  unfupplied  ;  but 

*  I  know  that  (this  Work  profpering)  you  will  have 
4  Opportunity  enough  to  gratify  them.  Capt.  Izods's 
4  Place  i§  referved  for  him  according  to  your  Plea- 
4  fure. 

4  I  humbly  thank  the  Members  of  the  Council 

*  for  that  great  Honour  they  were  pleafed  to  confer 

*  upon  me,  and  hope  you  never  fliall  find  but  fuch 
4  an   abfolute  Obedience   from  me   to  your  Com- 
4  mands,  that  I  {hall  be  more  ready  to  return  that 

*  Commiffion  than  to  receive  it.   I  believe  that  you 
4  never  doubted  of  my  perfevering  in  thofe  good 
4  Principles  I  declared  for  ;  and  that  I  fhould  com- 
4  fortably  (if  the  Lord  had  pleafed  to  frown  upon 

*  us)  have  fuffered  in  this  moft  righteous  Under- 
4  taking.     I  have  made  ready  to  march,  but  am 

*  unwilling  to  hazard  your  Juftice  and  Authority 

*  upon  a  Fight,  when  it  may  be  done  with  more 

*  Security.     I  fliall  attend  your  further  Commands, 

*  and  deflre   the  Lord  to   blefs  your  Forces  and 
4  Counfels,  and  to  reftore  you  in  your  juft  Autho- 
'  rity ;  which  is  both  the  Prayer  and  Endeavour 
'  °f  Sir,  your  mojl  humble 

^nd  faithful  Servant ', 



42       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.      The   "Journals  of  Parliament  inform  us,  That 
l659*       this  Letter  was  highly  pleafmg  to  them ;  for  an 
'~v~~  ~~*  Anfwer  to  it  was  immediately  ordered  to  be  fent  to 
January*      the  General,  expreffing  the  Thanks  of  the  Parlia- 
ment to  him,  and  acknowledging  his  faithful  Ser- 
vice and  high  Defervings ;  and  that  he,  taking  Care 
for  the  Safety  and  Prefervation  of  Scotland  in   his 
Abfence,  fhould  be  defired  to  come  up  to  London 
with  all  convenient  Speed. 

A  Letter  alfo  from  the  Lord  Fairfax,  Sir  Henry 
Cholmley^  and  Henry  ArtUngion^  Efqj  dated  Po- 
fleton^  near  York,  January  I,  1659,  was  read  a  ;  and 
Sir  Thomas  Widdrington  was  ordered  to  write  a  Let- 
ter of  Thanks  to  the  Lord  Fairfax^  and  the  other 
Gentlemen,  for  his  and  their  good  Service  done  to 
the  Parliament.  Thefe  two  Letters  were  alfo  ordered 
to  be  printed  and  publiflied  ;  but  one  from  Lambert^ 
dated  from  Northallerton^  December  31,  and  read  at 
the  fame  Time,  had  no  further  Notice  taken  of  it. 
A  Bill  for  borrowing  20,000  /.  upon  the  Excife 
was  read  a  third  Time  and  pafled :  The  Bill  alfo 
for  taking  and  fubfcribing  the  Oath  for  renouncing 
the  Title  of  Charles  Stuart,  and  of  every  other 
Single  Perfon,  to  the  Crown,  or  Government,  of 
thefe  Nations,  was  read  a  fecond  Time,  and  deba- 
ted ;  but  the  further  Confideration  thereof  referred 
to  next  Day. 

Jan.  7.  Is  remarkable  for  nothing  being;  done  upon 
it  in  the  Houfe,  but  a  Report  made  by  a  Committee 
of  Privileges  and  Elections,  *  That  Sir  Anthony  AJhley 
Cooper  was  duly  elected  Burgefs  for  the  Town  of 
Downton,  in  Wiltjbire^  which  the  Houfe  agreed  to  : 
And  Sir  Anthony^  being  called  in,  took  his  Place, 
and  afterwards,  at  the  Clerk's  Table,  he  read  openly 
the  Engagement,  and  fubfcribed  the  fame  at  the 
Table.  He  was  afterwards  made  a  Colonel  of 
Horfe.  We  mention  thefe  Things  chiefly  to  {hew 
what  a  Part  this  Man  acted  fome  few  Months  after, 

a  This  Letter  is  in  our  Coikftion  j  but  we  think  it  not  particu- 
lar .enough  to  be  infcrted, 




In  the  Afternoon  of  the  fame  Day  is  this  Entry  :   inter-regnum. 

<  Whereas  this  Houfe  do  find  an  Entry  in  the 
Journal-Book ,  the  2oth  of  April^  1653,  in  thefe 
Words,  viz.  This  Day  his  Excellency  the  Lord- 
General  dij/'olved  this  Parliament ;'  which  was  done 
without  Confent  of  Parliament.  Refolved,  '  That 
the  Parliament  declare,  That  the  fame  is 
Forgery/  Mr.  Scobell  was  ordered  to  be  fent  for 
to  the  Bar  of  the  Houfe,  who  being  (hewed  the  faid 
Entry,  and  alked  who  made  it,  confefled  it  was  his 
Hand-writing,  and  that  he  did  it  without  Direction 
of  any  Perfon  whatsoever.  Hereupon  the  Houfe 
iirft  ordered  the  Entry  aforefaid  to  be  expunged  out 
of  the  Journal,  and  then  appointed  a  Committee 
to  confidcr,  Whether  the  late  Adi:  of  Indemnity  did 
extend  to  pardon  this  Offence  ;  which  'tis  probable 
it  did,  for  we  hear  no  more  of  the  Matter. 

January  9.  The  Debate  on  the  Bill  for  the  new 
Oath  was  deferred  to  the  next  Day. 

After  reading  another  Letter  from  Gen.  Monke^ 
dated  JVooller^  January  3,  and  referring  it  to  the 
Council  of  State,  the  Door  of  the  Houfe  was  or- 
dered to  be  fliut,  and  Sir  Henry  Vane  to  be  fent  for 
to  attend  the  Parliament  forthwith. 

In  the  mean  Time  the  Book  of  Orders,  and  the 
Book  of  Letters,  belonging  to  the  Admiralty,  were 
ordered  to  be  brought  to  the  Houfe  by  the  proper 
Officers.  —  A  Committee  was  appointed  to  prepare 
and  bring  in  a  Bill  for  the  Sale  of  the  Eftates  of 
Delinquents  and  Traitors,  in  the  late  Rebellion  of 
Sir  George  Booth.  To  fend  for  the  Commiffioners 
for  Sequeftrations,  and  examine  what  Money  had 
been  received  by  the  Sequeftrations  of  Delinquents 
and  Traitors  Eftates  ;  how  the  fame  had  been  dif- 
pofed  of,  and  by  what  Authority.  The  Council  of 
State  was  alfo  directed  to  examine  what  Perlbns,  in 
the  faid  Rebellion,  had  been  releafed  fmce  the  late 
Interruption  of  the  Parliament,  and  to  remand  them 

to  fuch  public  Prifons  as  they  (hould  think  fit. • 

Vice  Admiral  Laivfon  appearing  at  the  Bar  of  the 
Houfe,  had  the  hearty  Thanks  of  the  Houfe  return'd 



— -v— • 

44       3$*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regmim.  him,  for  his  conftant  Fidelity,  and  the  great  and! 
l659-        eminent  Services  done  by  him,  /ince  the  Jate  Inter - 

%*~~v~~>    ruption  of  Parliament. 

January.  ^  fjenry  yane  having  been  fent  for,  according 
to  the  Refolution  aforefaid,  came  to  the  Houfe ; 
and,  being  fet  in  his  Place,  feveral  Members  of  the 
Houfe  objected  feveral  Matters  againdl  him,  a&ed 
flnce  the  late  Interruption  of  the  Parliament. 

And  feveral  Letters  fent  from  the  Commiffioners 
cf  the  Admiralty,  the  one  of  the  I5th  of  October^ 
1659,  written  to  Vice- Admiral  Lawfon,  in  the 
Dcwnes ;  and  feveral  Orders  of  the  Commiffioners 
of  the  Admiralty,  one  of  the  2Qth  ofOtfober,  1659, 
and  another  of  the  31$  of  Ottober,  1659,  and  ano- 
ther of  the  fecond  of  November,  1659,  were  read. 
Sir  Henry  Vane,  landing  up  in  his  Place,  made  An- 
fwer  to  the  faid  feveral  Charges ;  and  having  fat  down 
again,  the  Houfe,  on  the  Debate,  refolved,  '  That 
Sir  Henry  Vane  be  difcharged  from  being  a  Member 
of  this  Parliament,  and  he  was  injoined  to  repair  to 
his  Houfe  at  Raby,  in  the  County  of  Durham,  and 
remain  there  during  the  Pleafure  of  the  Parliament. 
It  was  alfo  refolved,  *  That  the  Colonels  John 
Lambert,  Dejborough,  AJbfield,  Bury,  Kelfey,  Gobbet^ 
Barrow,  Packer^  and  Major  Creed>  be  forthwith 
injoined  to  repair  to  their  refpe&ive  Houfes  in  the 
Country,  fartheft  diftant  from  the  City  of  London^ 
and  to  continue  there  during  the  Pleafure  of  the  Par- 
liament. The  Council  of  State  was  ordered  to  fee 
this  Vote  put  in  Execution,  to  whom  it  was  refer- 
red, touching  the  fending  fuch  other  Officers  of  the 
Army,  as  have  been  againft  the  Parliament  fmce 
the  late  Interruption,  out  of  the  City  of  London^  to 
their  refpe&ive  Houfes  in  the  Country.' 

January  10.  The  Houfe  feems  to  have  been 
bufv  mofl;  of  this  Day  in  debating  the  Bill  relating 
to  the  Engagement ;  which,  at  laft,  was  committed. 
A  Committee  alfo  had  been  appointed  to  ftate  the 
Qualifications  of  Members  to  fit  and  ferve  in  Par- 
liament; who,  this  Day,  brought  in  a  Bill  for  dif- 
abling  Perfons  to  elecl,  or  be  elected,  to  this  prefent 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        45 

Parliament ;  which  was  read  a  firft  Time,  and  or-  inter-reguui 
dered  a  fecond  Reading  the  next  Morning  the  firft        *659- 
Bufmefs.  —  Mr.  Thomas  Scott,  the  noted  Regicide,  L  ~V"- 
was  nominated  and  appointed,  as  a  Secretary  of  State      January* 
ufed  to  be,  to  take  Care  of  all  Papers,  and  receive 
Informations  of  public  and  private  Intelligence,  and 
prefent  them  to  the  Council  of  State. 

"January  n.  The  Bill  of  Elections  was  again 
debated,  and  afterwards  committed. — Col.  Morley 
was  made  Governor  of  the  Tower  of  London,  which 
was  all  the  material  Bufinefs  done  on  this  Day. 

"January  12.  The  Houfe  received  and  read  ano- 
ther Letter  from  Gen.  Monke,  which  was  fent  by 
Mr.  Gumble,  one  of  his  Chaplains,  and  dated  from 
Newcaftle,  January  6,  1659.  The  Houfe  being' 
informed  that  the  MefTenger  was  at  the  Door, 
Mr.  Gumble  was  called  in,  and  at  the  Bar  he  made 
a  Relation  of  what  the  General  gave  him  in  Charge ; 
and  alfo  delivered  in  two  Letters,  and  withdrew. 
One  of  thefe  Letters  was  from  the  Lord  Mayor, 
Aldermen,  and  Commons,  in  Common  Council 
aflembled,  dije£r.ed  to  General  Monke,  dated  De- 
cember 29,  1659  ;  and  the  other  from  the  General  at 
Newcajlle,  January  6,  following,  which  was  in  An- 
fwer  to  the  former.  Both  which  Letters  being  read, 
and  Mr.  Gumble  being  called  in  again,  and  heard 
what  he  had  further  to  fay,  the  Houfe  came  to  the 
following  Orders  and  Refolutioris :  Ordered,  *  That 
the  Sum  of  IOO/.  be  given  to  Mr.  Gumble ;  and  it 
was  referred  to  the  Council  of  State  to  fee  the  fame 
forthwith  paid  him  or  his  Affigns.  The  Houfe,  at 
the  fame  Time,  refolved  to  take  him  into  further 
Confideration,  for  his  Preferment,  as  Conveniency 
fhould  offer ;  and  the  Particulars  related  by  Mr- 
Gumble,  touching  what  Perfons  are  fit  to  be  Judges 
in  Scotland,  were  referred  to  the  Council  of  State, 


g  This  Thomas  Cumble,  D.  D.  wrote  the  Life  of  General  Monkf, 
Duke  of  Albtrmarle,  £ff.  with  fome  Remarks  upon  his  Aftions. 
Lvndon,  1671,  Svo.  From  which  the  Authors  »f  this  Work  ate 
indebted  for  fcvewl  Obferv*tions, 

City  of  Loude 

46         The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

.  who  were  ordered  to  report  their  Opinion  therein 
to  the  Parliament. '  * 

It  was  then  refolved,  «  That  the  Parliament  doth 
juftify  and  approve  of  what  Gen.  Monke  hath  done, 
in  taking  up  Horfes,  and  in  his  marching  into  Eng- 
land, and  all  other  Things  by  him  acled  and  done, 
in  order  to  the  Service  of  the  Parliament  and  Com- 
monwealth: And.  the  Sollicitor-General  was  order'd 
to  bring  in  an  A61  for  juftifying  and  approving  what 
Gen.  Monke  had  done.' 

We  are  not  told  any  more  by  the  yournah,  of  the 
Purport  of  the  General's  Letter  to  the  City,  nor  of 
their  Anfwer  to  it ;  neither  does  cur  particular  Hi- 
ilorian  explain  them  much  further  :  For  he  only 
tells  us,  '  That  Mr.  William  Mann,  Sword-Bearer 
of  London,  met  the  General  at  Adorpetb,  with  Ad- 
drefles  from  the  City,  who  had  been  early  Rebels 
to  the  Parliament ;  that  the  General  ga\£  him 
Letters  back,  and,  for  Reafon  of  Camp,  fen t  Mr, 
Gumble  along  with  him  to  the  Parliament  with 
Copies  of  both.' — But  the  before-quoted  old  Collec- 
tion of  Letters  furnifhes  us,  alfo,  with  thefe  two 
extraordinary  Anecdotes,  which  we  {hall  give  in 
their  own  Words  : 

A  LETTER  from  General  MONKE,  directed  and 
delivered  to  the  LORD  MAYOR,  Court  of  AL- 
DERMEN, and  COMMON  COUNCIL  of  the  City 
of  LONDON. 

Right  Honourable, 

T  TP°N  ^  firft  N°tice  *  had  °f  the  kteForce 

\J  Put  upon  the  Parliament,  I  directed  a  Let- 
ter to  you,  to  acquaint  you,  that  my  Refolutions 
were  according  to  my  Duty  to  ftand  by  them,  and 
to  endeavour  their  Re-eftablifhment,  though  with 
the  Hazard  of  whatfoever  was  dear  to  me  •,  and 
that  the  Army  under  my  Command  was  very  cor- 
dial and  unanimous  in  that  Undertaking  ;  but  that 
Letter  coming  to  a  Mifchance,  I  have,  at  the 
Defire,  and  with  the  Concurrence  of  the  Officers 

*  here, 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        47 

*  here,  again  written  to  you,  to  let  you  know  that  Inter-rcgnum. 
'  we  are  ftill  conftant  to  our  firft  Refolutions,  in       l659- 

*  which  we  are  the  more  confirmed,  fmce  we  have    *---v— J 
'  been  informed  that  the  Authors   of  that  Force      Januar?» 

*  have  proceeded  fo  far  as  to  null    and  make  void 
'  A&s  of  Parliament,  (which  the  King,   when  he 
4  was  at  the  higheft,    never  pretended  to  do,  antf 

*  which  no  true  Engltjhman  can  endure  to  fee  done 

*  by  any  but  Parliaments  themfelves)  and  are  now 

*  contriving,  by  their  own  Power  and  Authority,  to 

*  fet  up  a  new  Government  over  the  Three  Nations : 

*  If  this  be  fuffered,  I  know  not  to  what  Purpofe  all 

*  this  Blood  hath  been  fpilt,  all  this  Treafure  fpent, 

*  and  all  thofe  Engagements  made.     We  muft  take 

*  upon  ouifelves  the  Guilt  of  all,  and  look  upon  this 
'  Slavery  we  have  brought  upon  ourfelves,  as  a  Judg- 

*  ment  upon  us  for  our  Murder,  Rapines,  and  Per- 

*  juries :  1  take  God  to  Witnefs  I  have  no  other  End, 
c  than  to  reftore  the  Parliament  to  its  former  Free- 

*  dom  and  Authority,  and  the  People  to  their  juft 

*  Rights  and  Liberties,  in  which  I  am  fure  I  cannot 

*  want  your  Afliftance.    It  is  not  the  Defire  of  any 
'  here,  that  thofe,  who  truly  fear  God,  fhould  be 
'  hindred  of  their  Liberty  to  worfhip  him  according 
4  to  their  feveralPerfuafions,  or  that  the  congregated 
6  Churches  fliould  be  abridged  of  any  of  the  Privi- 
'  leges  and  Freedoms  they  have  been  ufed  to  enjoy, 

*  or  even  to  claim ;  there  are  many  Members  of 

*  thofe  Churches  with  us,  which  can  give  this  Tefti- 

*  mony,  yet  we  could  be  content  that  fome  Men 

*  would  not,  under  Pretence  of  maintaining  that 
'  Liberty,  endeavour  the  Overthrow  of  the  National 

*  Miniftry,  and,  by  Confequence,  leave  the  greateft 

*  Part  of  the  People  to  utter  Ignorance  and  Atheifm  : 
'  However  this  is  not  the  Thing  for  which  we  at 
'  prefent  contend,  we  (hall  leave  this  and  all  other 
'  Things  to  the  Parliament,  the  confefTed  Supreme 

*  Judicature  of  the  Nation  ;  but  for  the  Defence  of 

*  that  we  are  all  refolved  to  venture  to  the  utmoft. 

*  If  this  good  Caufe  {hall  mifcarry  in  my  Hands, 

*  through  Want  of  your  timely  Affiftance,  it  will 

*  be  too  Jate  for  you  to  endeavour  to  fupport  it  with 


48       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum,  «  your  own  Strength  ;  and  if  it  profper,  it  will  be 

tuT-^5—  _f    *  dishonourable  f°r  a  City  fo  famous,  and  fo  much 

January.      '  concerned,  that  its  Liberties  fhould  be  aflerted 

'  without  its  own  Help  :  I  know  you  are  fo  fenfible 

*  of  the  Intereft  of  God's  People,  the  Rights  of  the 

*  whole  Nation,  and  of  your  own  Charter,  (which 
.*  cannot  be  fafe  in  the  Hands  of  thefe  Over-turners, 

'  and  which  hath  been  already  indirectly  threatned 

*  by  them)  that  you  will  not  be  wanting  to  that 

*  Opportunity  which  God  hath  put  into  your  Hands; 

*  but  now,  while  their  Army  is  waiting  upon  me 

*  in  the  North,  ufe  your  utmoic  Endeavours  in  the 

*  South  ;  and  therefore  I  (hall  need  to  ufe  no  other 

*  Perfuafion  to  Englijhmen^  and  Men  that  have  en- 
'  gag^d  all  along  in  the  fame  Caufe  ;  but  lhall  pray 
«  to  God  to  unite  your  Hearts,  and  ftrengthen  your 
'  Hands  in  this  good  Work,  and  remain 

Tour  Lardfoip's 

Edinburgh,  Nc-u.  12, 

1659,  rery  bumble  servant, 


and  COMMON  COUNCIL  of  the  City  of  LONDON, 
to  bis  Excellency  the  Lord  General  MONKE. 
Right  Honourable, 

The  City  of        c  -sr  *ir  f  £  Jare  not  enter  upon  tne  Anfwer  to  the 
London  s  Anfwer  ,     \/l/      T\/r-r  t-  »T  TL 

to  the  foregoing.  V  V  Merits  of  your  Excellency  s  Letter  of  the 
'  1  2th  of  November,  which  came  to  our  Hands  the 
'  23d  of  the  fame,  (which  was  the  firft  and  only  one 

*  that  came  to  us)  without    prefacing  our  hearty 

*  and  thankful  Admiring  and  Acknowledging  the 
'  tranfcendent  Mercy  of  God,  in  putting  into  your 

*  Heart  thofe  pious  and  noble  Refolutions,  to  appear 
'  at  fuch  an  Exigent  to  be  the  glorious  Inftrurnent 
6  in  his  Hand,   both  to  aflert  and   vindicate  the 
«  greateft  Intereft,  both  Civil  and  Religious,  of  thefe 

*  Nations.  And,  next,  That  your  fmgular  Humility 

*  of  Spirit,  and  Affeclion  to  this  City,  in  commu- 

*  nicating  to  us,  fo  early,  thofe  your  juft  Refolveef 
6  and  inviting  us  to  fhare  in  the  Honour  of  affiftin^v 

«  to 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D*        49 

c  to  the  obtaining  of  thofe  great  and  glorious  Ends,  Inter- regnum, 
'  in  which  the  Happinefs  of  thefe  Nations  in  gene-  t_— 6'— '     / 

*  ral,  and  of  the  City,  as  a  Corporation,  confifts. 

*  In  all  which  our  Spirits  were  both  enlightened 

*  and  warmed  by  a  Spark  from  your  Zeal,  and  ac- 

*  tuated  by  God  to  a  prefent  Activity,  in  our  Sphere 

*  and  Capacity,  in  Compliance  with  your  Excellen- 

*  cy's  Advice,  as  we  truft  the  whole  World,  that 
'  hath  feen  our  Actings  fince  the  Receipt  of  your 

*  Letter,  can  bear  us  Witnefs  ;  and  That  we  hope 

*  may  be  our  fufficient  Plea  for  Pardon,  for  our  not 

*  returning  a  more  timely  Anfwer  to  your  Excellen- 

*  cy's  faid  Letter  :  But  we  defire  your  Excellency 

*  to  believe,  that  was  principally  retarded  by  Sufpi- 

*  cion  caft  on  the  Authenticknefs  of  it,  by  thofe  who 

*  had  the  Confidence  on  that  Score  to  imprifon  the 
'  Deliverers,  and  by  the  Interpofition  of  the  Forces 
4  here,  and  led  out  againft  your  Excellency,  who 

*  lay  in  the  PafTage  to  you. 

'  But  now,  may  it  pleafe  your  Excellency,  fee- 
'  ing  it  hath  pleafed  God,  in  fome  Meafure,  to  re- 
'  move  thofe  Obftructions,  we  prefume  by  this  to 
'  affert  in  Writing,  what,  we  hope,  all  our  Actings, 

*  fince  the  Receipt  of  your  Excellency's  Advice, 
'  have  evidenced  : 

*  That  we  have  cordially  concurred  with  your 

*  Excellency,  in  difowning  the  Author  of  that  Force 
'  who  interrupted  the  Parliament,  and  ravifhed  the 
c  Birth-right  of  thefe  Nations,  by  daring  to  null  and 
'make  void  Acts  of  Parliament ;  and,  we  think, 

*  have  contributed  fomewhat,  by  God's  Blefling  on 
'  our  Counfels  and  Actings,  to  the  preventing  of  the 
'  fad  Confequences  of  that  exorbitant  Preemption. 
'  How  fully  and  entirely  we  comply  with  your  Ex- 

*  cellency,  in  aflerting  the  Authority  and  Freedom 

*  of  Parliaments,  and  the  juft  Rights  and  Liberties 
'  of  the  People,  a  National  Miniftry,  for  the  en- 
'  lightning    of  the  Ignorant,    and    fupprefling   of 
'  Atheifm,  we  humbly  refer  your  Excellency  to  our 
'  inclofed  Declaration  %  and  do  ferioufly  aflure  your 

VOL.  XXII.  D  Ex~ 

a  The  Declaration  here  referred  to  is  not  in  the  CoUcilion  of 
Monkis  Letters,  nor  have  we  met  with  it  any  where  elfe. 

50       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter;£gnnum'  '  Excellency,  That  we  {hall,  by  God's  Affiftance, 

*  perfift  faithfully  and  vigoroufly  in  this  good  Caufe. 
'  And  prating  God  to  preferve  your  Excellency, 

*  and  thofe  noble  Commanders  with  you,  in  thefe 
'  your  juft,   honourable,   and    Chriftian   Underta- 
'  kings,  (hall  remain          Tour  ExceUency>s 

Moji  affetlionate 
And  faithful  Friends  and  Servants , 

216*  May  or  i  Aldermen,  and  Com- 

Gwldkall,  London,  r     i      />•          /-   i 

Dec.  29,  1659.  mons  °f  the  Ct*y  °f  London,  IK 

Common  Council  affembled. 

In  their  Names,  and  by  their  Order, 


This  Letter  is  conveyed  by  the  Sword-  Bearer  of 
London,  by  the  feveral  Directions  of  the  Lord 
Mayor ,  Aldermen,  and  Court  of  Common  Council. 

The  LETTER   of  his  Excellency   the  Lord-General 
MONKE,  in  Anfwer  to  the  former  Letter. a 

My  Lord,  Newcajlle,  Jan.  6,  1659. 

The  General's  £  T  Received  a  Letter  from  your  Lordmip,  and  the 
Anfwer  to  the  c  J^  reft    f  th    Common  Council,  of  the  iioth  of 

Jaft    from    the    ,    „  ,  ,    ,     ,          .  ,       ,        ,  r        ,      • 

City.  December,  and  do  numbly  thank  you  tor  that  great 

*  Efteem  which  you  are  pleafed  to  put  upon  the 
'  poor  Endeavours  of  the  Parliament's  Army  under 
4  my  Command,  far  tranfcending  our  Merits  and 
c  Services.     As  to  thofe  Ends  which  we  then  de- 
'  clared  for,  1  blefs  the  Lord  I  acted  according  to 
'  Conference,  and  I  hope  we  were  found  in  the  Way 
'  of  Duty,  and  are  refolved,  by  the  Grace  of  God, 

*  to  adhere  to  them,  having  found  fuch  wonderful 
'  Bleffings  following  us,  in  thefe  our  juft  and  honeft 

*  Undertakings. 

'  As  your  prudent  Counfels  and  courageous  Acl> 

*  ings  were  the  great   Aleans,  under  God,  of  re- 
'  ftoring  this   Parliament  to   its  juft   and   lawful 

*  Authority,  fo  of  the  Safety  and  Welfare  of  the 


a  This  Letter  was  fent  by  Mr.  Gumble  exprefsly,  to  the  City,  at 
the  fame  Time  with  the  foregoing  to  the  Parliament,  and  fclknvs  in 
tiie  CcJleOion, 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D,         51 

*  Nations,  for  which  I  do,  for  myfelf  and  the  reft  of  Inter-regnum. 

*  the  Officers  here,  return  my  very  hearty  Thanks  ; 
'  and  we  fhall  ever  have  Caufe  to  blefs  the  Lord 
4  for  this  great  Mercy,  in  putting  into  your  Hearts 

*  fuch  righteous   and  honourable  Refolutions,   to 
4  appear  at  fuch  a  Time,  when  our  Liberties  and 

*  Properties,  and  all  that  is  dear  unto  us,  even  the 

*  Ordinances  of  our  blefled  Saviour,  were  in  fuch 
4  Hazard. 

4  Indeed  it  was  much  in  our  Hopes,  that  fuch  a 
1  glorious  City,  that  had  redeemed  themfelves  from 
4  Slavery,  at  the  Price  of  fo  much  Blood  arid  Trea- 
4  fure,  and  had  been  the  great  Inftruments,  in  the 
4  Hand  of  God,  for  the  carrying  on  the  Work  of 

*  Reformation,  and  bringing  Three  Nations  out  of 
4  the  Captivity  of  Tyranny  and  arbitrary  Govern- 
4  ment,  could  ever  confent  to  fuch  illegal  and  unjufl 
4  Proceedings.     As  we  do  acknowledge  your  great 
4  Activity  in  promoting  thofe  great  Ends  which  we 

*  lately  represented  to  you,  fo  we  do  heartily  thank 

*  you  for  the  Honour  and  Encouragement  which 
4  you  have  been  pleafed,  in  this  your  Letter,  to  give 
4  to  the  Parliament's  Army  here  ;  for  ourfelves,  we 

*  have  nothing  to  feek    (we  blefs  the  Lord)    in   all 
<  this  Affair,  but  to  endeavour  the  Safety  and  Settle- 
4  ment  of  thefe  Nations  in  general,  and  of  the  fa- 

*  mous  City  in  particular. 

*  We  received  your  inclofea  Declaration,  and  do 
'  chearfully  join  with  you  therein.  And  I  do  pro- 

*  mife  you  for  the  Army  under  my  Command,  that 

*  they  are  refolved,  by  the  Afliftance  of  God,  to 
4  {land  by  and  maintain  this  prefent  Parliament,  as 
4  it  fat  on  Ottoler  1 1 ,  from  whom  we  received  our 

*  Commiflions  ;    and  do  hope,    that  you  that  have 
4  been  fo  eminently  inftrumental  in  their  Reftoring, 

*  will  heartily  concur  with  us  therein;  and  fhall,  to 

*  the  utmoft  of  our  Power,  defend  the  Freedom  of 
4  fucceflive  Parliaments,  and  the  Liberties,  Spiritual 
4  and  Civil,  of  the  People  in  thefe  Nations  ;   and 

*  {hall  encourage,  in  our  Stations,  the  godly  and 

*  learned  Minifters,   and  fhall  continue  faithful  in 

*  this  good  Caufe,  that  the  Nations  may  be  ftablifti'd 

D  2  4in 

52        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

in  a  Free  Commonwealth,  and  the  Army  kept  in 
due  Obedience  to  the  Civil  Authority. 
'  And  as  we  have  experienced  the  great  Affe&ion 
of  your  City,  in  fuch  a  Day  of  Darknefs  and 
great  Trial,  fo  we  (hall  everftudy,  to  the  utmoft, 
to  exprefs  our  Services  for  you,  and  {hall  not  think 
our  Lives  too  precious  to  hazard  for  your  Welfare. 
I  think  to  wait  upon  you  fhortly,  and  {hall  referve 
thofe  further  Acknowledgements  to  that  Oppor- 
tunity, and  remain 

Your  Lordjhip's  very  humble  Servant, 


The  Bufmefs  of  the  Houfe  feems  now  to  be  folely 
employed  in  nominating  Officers  to  feveral  Regi- 
ments ;  nothing  elfe  intervening  of  any  Confe- 
quence,  fave  that  the  Speaker,  being  taken  ill  in  the 
Houfe,  defired  Leave  to  abfent  himfelf  for  ten  Days 
from  it  ;  which  was  granted,  and  Mr.  Say  ele&ed  to 
fupply  his  Room. 

January  14.  The  Council  of  State  was  authori- 
zed and  injoined  to  fecure  the  Colonels  Lambert, 
Dejborougb,  Bury,  Kelfey,  Cobbet,  AJbfield,  Barrow, 
Packer,  and  Major  Creed,  and  all  other  Perfons 
whatfoever,  who  had  been  banifhed  to  their  Country  - 
Houfes,  by  Orders,  or  Warrants,  from  Parliament, 
and  have  not  obeyed  fuch  Orders. 

uma  Janufiry  ID-  The  Parliament  being  willing  to 
Year  voted"  for  caj°k  General  Monke,  and  fhew  fome  iignal  Mark 
Central  Menke,  of  their  Favour  to  him,  ordered,  'That  iooo/. 
a  Year,  Land  of  Inheritance,  be  fettled  upon  Com- 
miffioner  George  Monke,  and  his  Heirs,  as  a  Mark 
of  the  Favour  and  Refpecl  of  the  Parliament,  for  his 
eminent  and  fignal  Services  for  the  Parliament  and 
Commonwealth  ;  and  that  it  be  referred  to  a  Com- 
mittee to  confider  what  Lands  were  moft  conve- 
nient to  be  fixed  on  for  that  Purpofe  ;  who  were 
ordered  to  report  their  Opinion  to  the  Parliament, 
and  to  bring  in  a  Bill  for  fettling  the  faid  Lands  on 
Commiflioner  George  Monke>  and  his  Heirs/ 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         53 

It  was  alfo  ordered,  '  That  Mr.  See  ft  and  Mr.  Inter-regnum, 
Robinfon  be  defired  to  go  to  Commiilioner  George        l659- 
Monke,  to  congratulate  with  him  from  the  Parlia-    *---v— ••' 
ment,  for  the  good  Succefs  the  Lord  had  given  to       -'ani 
his  Endeavours,  and  to  let  him  know  the  Senfe  they 
have  of  his  great  Services ;  and  that  Care  is  taken 
by  the  Parliament  to  provide  Money  for  his  Officers 
and  Soldiers ;  and  it  was  referred  to  the  Council  of 
State  to  provide  Money  to  defray  Mr.  Scott  and 
Mr.  Robinfon 's  Expences.' 

A  Letter  was  likewife  ordered  to  be  fent  to  Com- 
miffioner  George  Monke,  to  let  him  know  the  Senfe 
the  Parliament  had  of  his  great  Services,  and  that 
they  are  providing  Money  for  his  Soldiers :  And 
that  the  Parliament  were  glad  to  hear  of  his  repair- 
ing to  London,  according  to  their  Defire. 

It  was  referred  to  Lord  Chief  Juftice  St.  Johny 
Mr.  Sollicitor  Reynolds,  and  Mr.  Lechmere,  to  draw 
the  faid  Letter,  and  prefent  it  to  the  Parliament  for 
their  Approbation. 

The  fame  Day,  according  to  former  Order,  an 
engrofied  Bill,  which  had  laid  dormant  ever  fmce 
their  being  turned  out  of  Doors,  and  which  was 
for  raifmg  1 00,000 /.  a  Month  upon  England^ 
Scotland,  and  Ireland,  for  twelve  Months,  from  Sep- 
tember 29,  1659,  to  the  fame  Day,  1660 ;  that  is 
to  fay,  on  England,  70,ooo/.  on  Scotland,  1 2,000 /. 
and  on  Ireland  i8,ooo/.  a  Month,  was  read  a  third 
Time.  After  which  the  Door  of  the  Houfe  being 
ordered  to  be  fhut,  the  Houfe  debated  this  Bill ;  and 
a  Queftion  being  put,  That  twelve  Months  do  ftand 
in  the  Bill,  it  paffed  in  the  Negative  j  fo  it  was  de- 
termined to  fubfift  no  longer  than  to  the  24th  Day 
vfjune,  1660. 

January  17.  The  Parliament,  according  to  for- 
mer Order,  did  take  into  Debate  the  Bufmefs  touch- 
ing Members  of  Parliament,  againft  whom  Matters 
are  obje&ed :  And  fome  Matters  having  been  ob- 
jected againft  Col.  Sydenham,  he,  (landing  up  in  his 
Place,  made  Anfwer  thereunto.  Some  Things  be- 
ing alfo  objected  againft  Major  Salway,  he,  fland- 
D  3  ing 

54        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Interregnum,  ing  up  in  his  Place,  did  acknowledge  his  Mifcar- 
l659-  riages  fince  the  late  Interruption  of  the  Parliament : 
*-""v^-J  And  faid,  He  doubted  fome  fuch  Words  might  fall 
January.  from  hjm  as  ne  was  charged  with,  and  therefore  he 
would  not,  in  any  Meafure,  excufe  nor  jufti/y  him- 
felf,  nor  any  ways  extenuate  his  Fault;  but  did  hum- 
bly fubmit  himfelf  to  the  Parliament,  as  one  fenfible 
of  his  Mifcarriages ;  and  humbly  craved  the  Pity 
and  Pardon  of  the  Parliament. 

Then  it  was  refolved,  *  That  Mr.  Scobel  be  fent 
for  prefently  to  attend  the  Parliament ;  and  that  he 
bring  with  him  the  Papers  that  related  to  a  Scheme 
of  Government  framed  and  brought  to  the  pre- 
tended Committee  of  Safety.' 

It  was  alfo  refolved,  '  That  Col.  Sydenham  be 
difcharged  from  being  a  Member  of  this  Parliament; 
and  the  Queftion  being  propofed,  That  Major  Sal- 
way  be  difcharged  from  fitting  as  a  Member  of  this 
Parliament,  and  the  previous  Queftion  being  put, 
it  pa{Ted  in  the  Negative,  30  againft  22.' 

It  was  then  refolved,  '  That  Major  Salway  be 
fufpended  from  fitting  in  the  Parliament  during  the 
Pleafure  of  the  Parliament ;  and  it  being  then  pro- 
pofed, That  he  be  fent  to  the  Tower,  there  to  remain 
during  the  Pleafure  of  the  Parliament,  the  previous 
Queftion  being  put,  it  was  carried  in  the  Affirma- 
tive, by  29  againft  14.'  Then  it  was  refolved, 
c  That  Major  Salway  be  committed  to  the  Tower9 
there  to  remain  during  the  Pleafure  of  the  Parlia- 
ment:' And  it  was  ordered,  *  That  the  Cafes  of 
the  reft  of  the  Members,  againft  whom  Matters 
were  objected,  be  taken  into  Confideration  that  Day 
Se'nnight;  and  that  the  Books  of  the  pretended 
Committee  of  Safety,  remaining  in  Mr.  Robin/on's, 
Hands,  be  forthwith  brought  to  the  Clerk  of  the 

January  18.  Mr.  Lenthatt  reported  from  the  Com- 
mittee to  whom  it  was  referred  to  confider  of  the 
Names  of  fit  Perfons  to  be  Commiffioners  of  the 
Great  Seal,  Judges  of  the  feveral  Courts  of  Juftice 
in,  Wefitoinfier-Hall,  Attorney-General,  and  of 


Of    E  N  G  LAN  D.         55 

Judges  for  the  Courts  of  Admiralty  and  Probate  of  Inter-regnum. 
Wills  ;  when  the  following  were  feverally  refolved        j6^'  ^ 
upon,  viz.  Sir  Thomas  IViddrington,  and  Serjeants      jafluary.. 
Tlrril  and  Fountaine,  to  be  Commiffioners  for  the 
Cuftody  of  the  Great  Seal ;   Mr.   Serjeant  tfcwdi- 
gate,  to  be  Chief  Juftice,  and  Serjeants  Hill  and 
Nicholas,  to  be  Juftices  of  the  Upper  Bench  ;  Mr.* 
Serjeant  St.  John,  to  be  Chief  Juftice,  and  Serjeants 
Windham  and  Archer,  to  be  Juftices  of  the  Court  of 
Common  Pleas  j  Air.  Serjeant  Wild,  to  be  Chief 
Baron,  and  Serjeants  Thorpe  and  Parker,  to  be  Ba- 
rons  of  the  Court  of  Exchequer  ;   Mr.   Sollicitor 
Reynolds,  to  be  Attorney-General ;  Mr.  Ellis,  to  be 
Sollicitor-General ;   Dr.  Walker ',  Dr.  Turner,  and  * 
William  Cawley,  Efq;  to  be  Judges  of  the  Court  of 
Admiralty,  and  of  the  Court  of  Probate  of  Wills, 
and  granting  of  Adminiftrations.' 

It  was  alib  refolved,  4  That  Serjeants  Erie  and 
Maynard  be  Serjeants  to  the  Commonwealth,  and 
Mr.  Lechmere  one  of  the  Learned  Council  for  the 
the  fame. 

Patents  were  ordered  to  be  prepared  for  the  above 
Gentlemen,  and  the  Speaker  was  authorized  to  fign 
a  Docket  for  paffing  the  faid  Patents  under  the 
Great  Seal ;  which  was  ordered  to  be  brought  to 
the  Houfe  the  next  Morning,  and  the  Commiffion- 
ers  appointed  for  keeping  thereof  ordered  to  attend 
the  Houfe  at  the  fame  Time,  to  receive  it  from  the 

January  19.  The  Houfe  being  informed  that  fe-  Affairs  from  Ire- 
veral  Officers  of  the  Army  in  Ireland  were  at  the^'"'  confidered 
Door,  they  were  ordered  to' be  called  in;  and,  be- ^  the  Houfe' 
ing  at  the  Bar,  Col.  Bridges  faid,  «  Thefe  Gentle- 
men .and  myfelf  have  received  Command,  from  the' 
Council  of  Officers  in  Ireland,  to  give  you  an  Ac- 
count how  the  State  of  Affairs,  relating  to  the  Ar- 
my there,  do  ftand ;  which,  by  an  extraordinary 
Providence  of  God,  is  brought  over  to  your  Ser- 
vice ;  and  they  are  ready  to  obey  your  Commands 
w  all  Things.' .  Then  he  delivered  a  Letter  from 
Sir  Hardrefs  Waller >  and  many  other  Officers  of 


56        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  the  Irijh  Army,  dated  Dublin,  Jan.  7,  1659,  which 
was  reac^ »  as  a^°  another  Letter  inclofed,  fubfcrib'd 
by  Hardrefs  Waller,  Lord  Broghill,  and  Charles 
Coote,  with  Articles  of  Impeachment,  by  Sir  Charles 
Coote,  Knight  and  Baronet,  Prefident  of  the  Pro- 
vince of  Connaught,  againft  Col.  John  Jones,  Miles 
Corbet,  Matthew  Tomlinfon,  and  Lieutenant-Ge- 
neral  Edmund  Ludlow,  and  figned  Charles  Coote. 

Upon  reading  of  thefe  and  fome  other  Papers,  the 
Houle  proceeded,  firft,  to  revoke  and  fufpend  all 
Powers  given  by  them  to  the  aforefaid  Gentlemen, 
and  then  to  command  them  forthwith  to  attend  the 
Parliament,  and  anfwer  to  the  Impeachment  of 
•High  Treafon,  wherewith  they  were  charged.  That 
Ludlow,  and  others  concerned  with  him,  fhould 
forthwith  deliver  up  the  Fort  of  Duncannon,  the 
City  of  Cork,  &fV.  to  Sir  Hardrefs  Waller  and 
Sir  Charles  Coote.,  or  either  of  them.  After  which 
a  Letter  was  ordered  to  be  fent  to  Sir  Charles  Coote 
to  inform  him  of  this,  and  to  defire  he  would  take 
Care  to  fee  it  executed.  Laftly,  the  Irijh  Officers 
were  ordered  to  be  called  in  again,  when  Mr.  Speaker 
gave  them  this  Anfwer : 


6  /TpHE  Parliament  have  taken  Notice  of  your 
J[  very  good  Affections,  and  of  your  Care  of 
preserving  the  Peace  of  Ireland,  and  of  your  great 
Pains  of  coming  from  thence,  and  have  commanded 
me  to  give  you  Thanks  ;  and,  in  their  Name,  I  do 
give  you  Thanks  accordingly.  For  the  Bufmefs  you 
came"  about;  the  Parliament  have  taken  it  into  Con- 
iideration,  and  have  put  it  into  a  proper  Way.1 

Dr.  Price,  the  Author  of  the  Hiftory  of  the  Re- 
ftoration,  acquaints  us  with  the  Secret  which  occa- 
iioned  thefe  Commotions  in  Ireland;  particularly 
againft  Ludlow,  who  was  well  known  to  be  a  fteady 
Adherent  to  the  Intereft  of  the  prefent  Government. 
It  feems  that  Monke  was  jealous  left  this  Man  (hould 
obftrucT:  his  Defigns,  by  keeping  the  Army  in  Ire- 
land firm  to  the  Parliament,  and  therefore  he  laid  a 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  57 

Scheme  to  circumvent  him.     The  Doctor  tells  us,  interregnum. 
'  That  the  General,  when  he  had  got  no  farther  on        l659- 
his  March  than  Morpeth,  difpatched  away  Sir  Jofepb  *-~  —  ^ 
Douglas,  with  Letters  of  great  Moment,  to  Sir      Januai> 
Charles  Coote  in  Ireland.     Thefe  Letters,  he  adds, 
were  of  great  and  dangerous  Quality ;  for  Douglas 
was  to  negotiate  with  Coote^  that  the  various  Inte- 
refts  there  might  be  fo  managed,  as  to  engage  them 
to  confederate  quickly  into  a  Declaration  for  a  free 
Parliament,  as  the  moft  proper  and  effectual  Way 
to  redrefs  their  Grievances.     Douglas  fucceeded  in» 
his  Embafly,  and  he  had  brought  the  Officers  there 
to  too  mature  a  Pitch ;  for,  juft  as  they  were  about 
declaring  for  a  free  Parliament,  they  were  alarmed 
with  the  aftoniming  News,  that  Monke  had  broken 
down  the  Gates  of  London  :  Whereupon  the  Con- 
ipirators  in  Ireland  expoftulated  with  Douglas  as  if 
he  had  betrayed  them  :  But  the  next  Packet  from 
England  afiured  them,  that  Monke  had  alfo  declared 
for  a  free  Parliament,  which  &t  all  right.' 

But  not  to  anticipate  Matters,  and  to  proceed : 
Sir  Thomas  Widdrington,  Serjeant  Tyrrill^  and  Ser- 
jeant Fountaine  were  made  Commiffioners  of  the 
Great  Seal,  and  had  it  delivered  to  them  by  the 
Hands  of  the  Speaker,  with  the  ufual  Ceremony,  in. 
the  Houfe  ;  which  was  now  very  bufy  again  in  grant- 
ing Commiflions,  and  regulating  the  Officers  of  the 
Army,  till  this  Day,  Jan.  21,  when  it  was  ordered, 
'  That  it  be  referred  to  a  Gommittee  to  bring  in  a 
Declaration,  on  Monday  Morning  next,  That  the 
Parliament  intends  forthwith  to  proceed  to  the  Set- 
tlement of  the  Government;  and  will  uphold  a 
learned  and  pious  Miniftry  in  the  Nation,  and  their 
Maintenance  by  Tythes  and  the  known  Laws  of 
the  Land  :  That  they  will  proceed  to  fill  up  the 
Houfe  as  foon  as  may  be ;  and  to  fettle  the  Com- 
monwealth without  a  King,  Single  Perfon,  or  Houfe 
of  Peers,  and  will  promote  the  Trade  of  the  Na- 
tion :  That  they  will  referve  due  Liberty  to  tender 
Cojifciences  $  and  encourage  and  fettle  the  Uni- 


58         'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  verfities :  That  they  will  not  meddle  with  the 
1  '  Executive  Power  of  the  Law,  but  only  in  Cafes  of 

*~^^  Male-Adminiftration  and  Appeals ;  and  that  Pro- 
ceedings (hall  be  according  to  the  Laws :  And  alfo, 
That  they  will  eafe  the  Burdens  of  the  Nation  as 
much  as  is  confident  with  the  preffing  Neceffities 
of  the  Commonwealth.' 

January  23.  Accordingly  we  find  the  Declara- 
tion was  brought  in  by  Lord  Chief  Juftice  St.  John, 
and  read,  firft  at  large,  and  after  by  Parts.  The 
Debate  on  this  took  up  the  whole  Day,  and  very 
many  Additions  and  Alterations  were  made  to  it. 
In  the  Afternoon  of  this  Day  it  was  at  laft  perfect- 
ed ;  and,  being  put  to  the  Queftion,  was  agreed  to 
be  forthwith  printed  and  publifhed.  This  Decla- 
ration is  in  our  Collection  of  old  Pamphlets,  and  no 
where  elfe  that  we  know  of;  from  which  Authority 
it  claims  a  Place  in  thefe  Inquiries. 

A  DECLARATION  of  the  PARLIAMENT  aflembled 
at  Weftminfter.  n 

A  Declaration  of s  f  I  ^  H  E  People  of  England  having  been  necefli- 
the  Parliament,  <     J_      tated  to  take  up  Arms  in  the  juft  Defence 

*  of  their  Laws  and  Liberties  againft  the  late  King, 

*  and  it  having  pleafed  God,  after  a  long  War,  and 
'  many  Battles  fought  in  the  Field,  fo  to  blefs  their 
'  Armies,  and  to. bring  the  War  to  fuch  an  Iffue, 

*  that,  if  they  were  not  wanting  to  themfelves,  they 

*  might  reap  the  Fruit  of  all  the  Blood  and  Treafure 

*  exhaufted  in  that  Quarrel,  and  not  only  be  reftored 

*  to  their   Freedom  for  the  prefent,    but   fecured 
'  againft  all  the  like  Attempts  for  the  future  :    The 
4  Parliament,  hereupon,  as  theTruftees  of  the  People 

*  for  the  accomplifhing  of  thofe  Ends,  did  declare 

*  and  ena&,  That  the  People  of  England,  and  of  all 
«  the  Dominions  and  Territories  thereunto  belong- 
e  ing,  fhould  be  thenceforth  governed  as  a  Com- 
c  m  on  wealth  and  Free-State,  by  the  Reprefentatives 

*  of  the  People  in  Parliament,  and  that  without  any 

«  King, 

n  Printed  by  John  Strealer  and  Jobn  Macock>  Printers  to  the  Par- 
lisment,  1659. 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.          59 

*  King  or  Houfe  of  Lords  ;  judging  this  not  only  to  Inter-regnum. 
'  be  the  undoubted  Right  of  the  People,  but  that  the         1659. 

'  Office  of  a  King  in  thefe  Nations,  or  to  have  the  ^""T"*    ^ 
(  Power  thereof  in  any  Single  Perfon,  as  alfo  the      January« 

*  Houfe  of  Lords,  was  burdenfome  and  dangerous  to 

*  the  Safety  and  Liberty  of  the  People  :  And,  by  this 

*  Means,  the  Foundations  of  a  public.  Intereft,  being 
'  laid  in  the  Place  of  that  which  was  only  private 
'  and  perfonal,  this  People  might  grow  up,  thro'  the 

*  Goodnefs  of  God,  into  perfect  Freedom,  being  go- 
'  verned  in  the  Supreme  Power  by  their  own  Repre- 
'  fentatives  ;  and,  in  the  Executive  Power,  by  their 

*  known  Laws  and  Judicatory ;  the  beft  Meafure 
'  and  Standard  of  Liberty.     Their  Navigation  and 

*  Trade  encouraged   and  promoted,   which  in  all 

*  Monarchies  is  (tinted  and  reftrained.     The  true 

*  Proteftant  Religion,  both  at  Home  and  Abroad, 

*  owned  and  countenanced  ;  which,  under  the  for- 

*  mer  Conftitution,  was  clogg'd  with  vain  and  fuper- 

*  ftitious  Ceremonies,  and  corrupt  Opinions,  touch- 

*  ing  Faith  and  Worfhip,  impofed  upon  all,  without 

*  any  Regard  had  to  tender  Confciences,  and  the 
e  Minifters  of  the  Gofpel,  and  the  Profeflbrs  there- 

*  of,  with  Godlinefs  itfelf,.  difcountenanced  and  per- 
'•  fecuted. 

'  To  this  State  of  Things  did  the  Parliament 
«  judge  it  their  Duty  to  bring  this  Nation,  and  the 

*  free  People  thereof;  and  no  Man  can  reasonably 

*  doubt,  but  that,  long  before  this  Time,  the  Par- 

*  liament,  through  the  fame  good  and  gracious  Pre- 
'  fence  that  had  accompanied  their  Undertakings, 
*•  would  have  accomplifhed  their  Intentions  in  thefe 

*  Things,  and  fettled  the  Commonwealth  upon  the 

*  Bafis  and  Foundation  aforefaid,  if  they  had  not 
4  been  fo  often  interrupted,    and  thereby  prevented 

*  hitherto  from  doing  that  which  always  was,  and 

*  is,  the  umoft  Defire  and  Intention  of  their  Hearts. 

'  And  yet  the  Parliament  cannot  but  take  Notice 
€  of  the  Artifices  that  are  ufed  to  mifreprefent  their 

*  Intentions,  and  to  blemifh  their  Proceedings  before 

*  the  People,  unjuftly  charging  them  with  a  Defign 

*  to  perpetuate  themifelves  now  fitting,  to  fubjecl  the 

« People 

60       *Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

*  People  to  Arbitrary  Power,  and  to  govern  them 
Inter-regnum,  «  by  porce>     And  as  to  Matters  of  Religion  on  one 

t_^Jil'__j    '  Hand,  that  they  are  Enemies  to  the  Miniftry, 

January.      *  their  Maintenance  by  Tythes,  to  the  Univerfities 

«  and  Learning,  and  Encouragers  of  fanatic  Princi- 

'  pies  ;  on  the  other  Hand,  that  the  Parliament  is 

*  too  fevere,  and  of  impofing  Principles  in  Matters 

*  of  Religion,  not  being  ignorant  that  thofe  who, 
«  by  thefe  Means,  do  induftrioufly  labour  to  difaffeci 

*  the  People  to  the  Parliament,   are  fuch,  who,  by 

*  fpecious  Pretences,  would  firft  put  out  their  Eyes, 

*  that  they  might  not  fee  the  Way  to  their  own 

*  true  Liberty,  and  then  bring  them  back  again  into 

*  their  old  Servitude. 

*  The  Parliament,  therefore,  to  omit  nothing  in 

*  their  Power  that  may  undeceive  honeft  and  well- 

*  meaning  Men,  have  thought  it  neceflary,  in  this 

*  Conjuncture  of  Time  and  Affairs,  to  declare  and 

*  manifeft  (as  they  do  hereby)  what  their  Intentions 
'  are,  as  to  the  Government  of  thefe  Nations,  with 
4  fome  other  Particulars  relating  thereunto,  wherein 

*  they  are  refolved,   thro'  the  Goodnefs  and  Aflift- 

*  ance  of  God,  to  remain  conftant  and  immoveable. 

I.  *  That  the  Parliament  will  provide  forthwith 

*  to  perfect   thofe  Beginnings  which  are  already 

*  made  for  fettling  the  Government  of  thefe  Na- 

*  tions,  and  the  People  thereof,  in  the  Way  of  *a 

*  Commonwealth  and  Free  State,  without  a  King, 

*  Single  Perfon,  or  Houfe  of  Lords,  in  fuch  Man- 
'  ner  that  they  may  be  govern'd  from  Time  to  Tims 
'  by  Reprefentatives  in  Parliament  chofen  by  them- 
'  felves,  in  whom  alone  the  Supreme  Authority  of 
*•  thefe  Nations  doth  and  ought  to  refide,  and  by 

*  fuch  as  they  {hall  appoint  and  conftitute  as  Offi- 

*  cers  and  Minifters  under  them  for  the  Good  of 

*  the  People  j  and  that  the  Parliament  will  make  it 
'  their  Care  to  form  the  Army  and  Forces  of  thefe 
'  Nations  in  fuch  Manner  that,  whilft  it  (hall  be 

*  found  neceflary  for  them,  or  any  of  them,  to  be 
'  kept  up  for  the  Safety  of  the  Commonwealth,  they 

*  may  be  wholly  fubjeft  and  obedient  to  the  Civil 

*  Authority, 

Of    ENGLAND.        61 

II.  '  There  being  nothing  more  eflential  to  the  Inter-regnum, 

*  Freedom  of  a  State,  than  that  the  People  fhould 

*  be  governed  by  the  Laws,  and  that  juftice  be 

*  adminiftered  by  fuch  only  as  are  accountable  for 

*  Male-  Adminiftration,  it  is  hereby  further  declared, 
e  That  all  Proceedings  touching  the  Lives,  Liber- 

*  ties,  and  Eftates  of  all  the  Free  People  of  this 

*  Commonwealth,  fhall  be  according  to  the  Laws 
4  of  the  Land :   And  that  the  Parliament  will  not 
4  meddle  with  the  ordinary  Adminiftration,  or  the 
4  Executive  Part  of  the  Law  ;  it  being  the  principal 

*  Care  of  this,  as  it  hath  been  of  all  former  Parlia- 

*  ments,  to  provide  for  the  Freedom  of  the  People 
4  againft  Arbitrarinefs  in  Government. 

III.  «  And  that  they  will  make  effectual  Provi- 

*  iion  for  the  countenancing  of  a  learned  and  pious 
4  Gofpel  Miniftry  through  all  the  Three  Nations, 
c  and  for  the  encouraging  and  protecting  them  in  the 

*  Work  of  their  Miniftry  againft  Difturbances.   And 

*  as  to  their  Maintenance  ;  That  by  Tythes  fhall 

*  be  continued,  it  being  already  eftabliftied  by  Law, 

*  and  is  in  itfelf  the  moft  certain,  convenient,  and 

*  comfortable  Way  of  Maintenance  that,  in  the 
4  Judgment  of  the  Parliament,  can  be  fettled  j  and 

*  therefore  they  do  expect  and  require,   that  the 

*  Judges,  Juftices  of  the  Peace,  and  others  whom 
4  it  concerns,  do  take  Care  that  the  Laws  touching 
4  the  fame  be  put  in  effectual  Execution  :  And  for 
4  a  further  Increafe  of  Maintenance  than  hath  been 
c  antiently  fettled   upon   preaching  Minifters,  the 

*  Parliament  doth  declare,  That  the  Augmentations 
4  by  the  Impropriations  of  the  late  King,  Bilhops, 
4  Deans  and  Chapters,  and  Delinquents  not  com- 
4  pounded  for,  as  likewife  by  Tenths  and  Firft- 
4  Fruits,  (hall  be  continued  and  fettled  upon  the 
4  preaching  Miniftry,  not  to  be  aliened  or  altered 
4  from  that  Ufe,  and  diftributed  in  fuch  Manner  as 
4  they  may  be  applied  to  fuch  Places  as  ftand  in  moft 
4  need,  that  every  Place  in  the  Land  may  have  a 
4  preaching  Minifter,  who  may  be  able  to  teach  the 

*  People  the  good  Knowledge  of  the  Lord,  and  may 
4  have  a  comfortable  Livelihood  and  Encouragement 

'  among 

62       The  Parliamentary  HISTORV 

Inter-rcgnum.  <  among  them;  as  a]fo  that  Provifion  (hall  be  made 
16 59*       «  for  due  Liberty  of  Confcience  in  Matters  of  Reli- 
*—-v— '    <  gion,  according  to  the  Word  of  God. 

IV.  '  The  Parliament  do  declare,   That   they 

*  will  uphold  the  public  Univerfities  and  Schools  of 

*  this  Land,  and  not  oniy  continue  to  them   the 

*  Privileges  and  Advantages  they  now  enjoy,  but 

*  fhall  be  ready  to  give  them  fuch  further  Counte- 
'  nance  as  may  encourage  them  in  their  Studies, 
'  and  promote  Godlinefs,  Learning,  and  good  Man- 

*  jiers  amongft  them. 

V.  *  The  Parliament  being  very  fenfible  of  the 
'  great  Decay  of  the  Trade  of  thefe  Nations,  will 
'  apply  themfelves  to  fuch  Councils  and  Means  as 
'  fhall  be  found  moft  proper  both  for  the  fpeedy 

*  reftoring  and  increafing  thereof,  judging  that  there 
'  is  no  one  Thing  in  the  Affairs  of  State  more  im- 
4  portant  to  the  Welfare,  Strength,  and  Glory  of  a 

*  Commonwealth,  efpecially  of  this,  being  an  Ifiand, 

*  than   the  Encouragement  of  Trade  and  Navi- 

*  gation. 

VI.  *  As  to  the  prefent  Burdens  which  are  upon 

*  the  Nation,  the  Parliament  is  very  fenfible  thereof, 
'  and  of  thofe  extravagant  Councils  and  Actions 
'  which  have  engaged  the  Nation  in  fo  great   a 

*  Debt  and  Charge,  the  Guilt  whereof  will  not  reft 
'  upon  them,    tho'  the  Danger  and  Burden  thereof 

*  doth.     And  it  is  one  of  the  greateft  Cares  they 
c  have  upon  them,  how  to  give  the  People  that  Eafe 

*  which  their  Condition  calls  for,  and  alfo  provide 

*  for  their  Safety,  and  anfwer  the  preffing  Neceffi- 
'  ties  of  the  State  j  which  the  Parliament  hopes,  in 
'  fome  Meafure,  to  do  in  a  very  (hort  Time,  in  cafe 

*  the   unreafonable  Diflatisfa6tions   and   turbulent 
'  A&irigs   of  unquiet  Men    do  not  continue  the 

*  Charge  longer  than  otiierwife  will  be  neceflary.* 

Five  Hundred  The  fame  Day  500  /.  a-year  was  voted  to  be  fet- 
Pounds  a-year  tied  on  Vice-Admiral  Lawfon,  and  his  Heirs,  for 
AdilTeL£-his  Fidelit7  and  g°od  Service  to  the  Parliament  and 
fath  '  Commonwealth.  The  fame  Committee  who  were 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         63 

appointed  for  the  Settlement  on  General  Monke  Inter- regnum. 
were  to  take  Care  of  this  alfo.  uJl^W 


January  24.  It  was  ordered,  «  That  Col.  Fleet- 
wood^  the  Lord  Whitlocke,  Mr.  Strickland,  and  Mr. 
Holland^  be  and  are  required  to  attend  the  Parlia- 
ment on  this  Day  Se'nnight  ;  and  that  the  Serjeant 
at  Arms,  attending  the  Houfe,  fummon  them  to 
appear  accordingly  :  That  Col.  Bennett  be  like- 
wife injoined  to  attend  the  Parliament  forthwith : 
That  all  Clerks,  and  other  Perfon  and  Perfons,  in 
whofe  Hands  or  Cuftody  any  Letters,  Books,  Jour- 
nals, and  Papers,  of  the  late  pretended  Committee 
of  Safety,  and  of  any  other  Committees,  which 
acted  by  or  under  their  Authority,  do  deliver  the 
fame  to  the  Clerk  of  the  Parliament ;  and  that  they 
be  brought  into  this  Houfe  on  this  Day  Se'nnight : 
That  Mr.  Scobell  do  attend  the  Parliament  on  this* 
Day  Se'nnight,  with  all  Papers  concerning  the 
Draught  of  a  Government,  prefcnted  to  the  late 
pretended  Committee  of  Safety,  or  Council  of  Offi- 
cers of  the  Army. 

And  it  likewife  was  ordered,  *  That  all  fuch 
Members  of  Parliament,  who  have  attended  this 
Houfe,  and  ought  to  give  their  Attendance  here,  do 
attend  the  Service  of  the  Parliament  on  this  Day 
Se'nnight,  upon  Pain  of  Twenty  Pounds.' 

The  Houfe  had  been  feveral  Days  in  fettling  the 
AflefTment  Bill,  and  naming  the  Commiffioners  for 
it  throughout,  and  many  Riders  were  offered  and 
added  to  it  ;  however,  it  was  finally  concluded  on 
this  Day,  and  ordered  to  be  printed  and  publimed. 
After  this  another  Bufinefs  happened,  which  was  a 
Letter  they  received  and  read  from  Gen.  Monke , 
dated  at  Nottingham,  Jan.  22,  1659  ;  as  likewife 
two  others,  from  Scott  and  Robinfon,  dated  from 
' Lelcejler^  Jan.  23,  who  were  fent  as  Spies  upon  him. 
In  one  of  thefe  laft  was  the  Copy  of  a  Letter  from 
the  General,  directed  into  the  Weft  of  England, 
which  may  be  explained  hereafter,  though  none  of 
their  Contents  are  entered  in  the  Journals.  The 


64        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  Confequence  of  thefe  Letters  will  {hew,  that  they 
1659.  were  either  very  pleafing  to  the  Parliament,  or  that 

W^V"  "^  they  thought  it  necefiary  further  to  cajole  the  Ge- 
January.  neral  by  all  the  winning  Ways  they  could  think  on  : 
For  the  fame  Day  a  Bill  was  brought  in,  For  ap- 
proving and  jujltfying  all  the  late  Attions  of  General 
George  Monke ;  which  was  read  a  firft  Time,  and 
ordered  a  fecond  Reading  the  next  Morning.  The 
Houfe  alfo  ordered,  *  That  it  fhould  be  fpecially 
recommended  to  the  Provoft  and  Fellows  of  Eaton 
College,  to  ele&  Mr.  Gumble,  his  Chaplain,  to  the 
firft  Fellowfhip  in  that  College,  which  fhould  be 
vacant  by  Death,  or  othci  wife. 

January  27.  Col.  IVlriie  reported  the  Amend- 
ments to  the  Bill  for  fettling  a  Committee  for  the 
Army,  and  Treafurers  at  War,  and  the  Names  of 
Perfons  to  be  a  Committee  for  the  Army  ;  which 
Amendments  were  twice  read,  and  then  the  follow- 
ing Gentlemen  were  feverally  refolved  upon  to  be  a 
Committee  for  the  Army,  viz.  Thomas  Pury,  the 
elder,  Col.  John  Downes,  Col.  Thomas  Lifter,  Ed- 
mundWeft !,  Efq;  Richard  Lucy ,  Efq;  and  Anthony 
Samuel,  Efq;  The  Treafurers  at  War  were  alfo 
feverally  refolved  on,  and  were,  James  Nelthorpey 
Efq;  and  Mr.  John  Lawfon.  It  was  then  refolved, 
That  the. Quorum  of  the  Committee  for  the  Army 
be  three,  and  that  the  Treafurers  at  War  and  Com- 
mittee for  the  Army  do  continue  untill  the  loth  of 
Qttober,  1660;  and  that  the  Blank  in  the  Bill  be 
filled  up  with  thefe  Words  :  By  Warrant  from  the 
Parliament^  Council  of  State,  orCommijponersforthe 

Another  Amendment  was  offered  to  the  Bill,  in 
thefe  Words,  viz.  And  be  it  enafted,  and  it  is  hereby 
further  enabled,  That  John  Blackwell,  and  Richard 
Dean,  Efq;  late  Treafurers  at  War,  Jhall forthwith  • 
pay  unto  the  prefent  Treajurers  at  War,  by  this  Aft 
conflituted,  all  and  every  Sum  and  Sums  of  Money, 
remaining  in  their  Hands ,  as  Treafurers  at  War  ; 
and  do  henceforth  forbear,  and  are  hereby  difcharged, 
•  to  receive  or  difpofe  of  any  Monies.,  any  wav  ajjigned 


C/*   ENGLAND,        6$ 

for  the  Armies  and  Forces  of  this  Commonwealth  ;  Tnter-regnum, 
which  was  twice  read,  and,  on  theQueftion,  agreed        l659- 

to ;  and  the  Bill,  fo  amended,  was  ordered  to  be  v— -v—- J 

January  28.  Col.  James  Temple  reported  the 
Amendments  to  the  Bill  for  conftituting  Commif- 
iioners  for  ordering  and  managing  the  Affairs  of  the 
Admiralty  and  Navy  ;  which  were  twice  read,  and 
It  was  refolved,  That  the  Number  of  the  Commif- 
fioners  be  twenty-one ;  and  that  fourteen  of  them 
be  Members  of  Parliament.  The  following  Gen- 
tlemen were  then  feverally  refolved  upon  for  that 
Purpofe,  viz.  Mr.  Attorney-General  Reynolds,  Col. 
Valentine  Walt  on  ^  Col.  Herbert  Morley^  Thomas 
Boone,  Efq;  Sir  Michael  Livefey,  Km.  and  Bart. 
Col.  Thompfin,  Mr.  Edmund  IVeft^  Mr.  Carew 
Raleigh )  Mr.  Thomas  Challoner*  Mr.  Lcnthall>  Mr. 
Henry  Darley^  Mr.  Weaver^  Mr.  Dormer -3  Lord- 
Commiflioner  LiJIe^  Gen.  George  Monke,  Vice- 
Admiral  Lazvj'on,  Mr.  Richard  Bradfoaw^  Col. 
Thomas  Middleton,  Edward  Bujhel,  Mr.  Sling/by 
Bethell^  and  Mr.  George  Cowper. 

'  Refolved,  That  no  one  of  the  faid  Commiffion- 
ers,  for  the  Admiralty  and  Navy,  {hall  continue  in 
the  Chair,  for  putting  the  Queftions  there,  for  above 
a  Fortnight ;  and  that  the  faid  Cornmifftoneis  do 
take  the  Chair  there  by  Turns.' 

'January  30.  Another  Letter  from  Gen.  Monke^ 
on  his  March  up  to  London,  was  received  and  read. 
It  was  dated  from  St.  Allans,  Jan.  28,  1 659,  and  two 
Lifts  were  inclofed  therein :  The  Houfe  agreed 
with  the  Diftribution  of  the  Soldiers  into  Quarters, 
according  to  thefe  Lifts ;  and  the  Commiffioners  of 
the  Army  were  ordered  alfo  to  fee  the  Soldiers  fo 
diftributed.  Ten  Pounds  a  Day  was  likewife  al- 
lowed towards  the  maintaining  of  a  Table  for  the 
Commiflioners  of  the  Army,  to  begin  when  the 
General  came  to  Town,  and  to  be  p"aid  out  of  the 
Contingencies  of  the  Council  of  State. 

VOL.  XXII.  E  At 

66       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  At  the  fame  Time  a  Letter  from  Scott  and  Ro* 
l6S9-  linfon  was  read.  It  was  dated  January  29,  at 
^T^—'  Midnight :  In  this  was  inclofed  a  Copy  of  the' Ad- 
drefs  and  Congratulation  of  the  Gentlemen  of  Surfs 
to  the  General  ;  as  alfo  a  Copy  of  a  Paper  to  invite 
the  Gentlemen  of  that  County  to  meet  at  Aylejbury. 
On  the  reading  of  which  Papers  the  Houfe  ordered, 
*  That  the  Committee  for  Qualifications  ihoutd 
meet  that  Afternoon,  to  perfect  their  Enquiries, 
and  report  them  the  next  Morning,  the  firft  Bufi- 
nefs,  nothing  to  intervene,  that  the  Parliament 
might  proceed  to  the  filling  up  of  the  Houfe.'  Or- 
dered, alfo,  *  That  the  Judges  who  were  Members, 
and  all  other  Members  of  Parliament  in  Town, 
mould  attend  the  Service  of  the  Houfe  at  the  fame 
Time.  The  other  Members  who  were  ordered  to 
attend  the  Parliament  the  next  Day,  were  required 
to  give  their  Attendance  on  the  yth  of  February 
next.  Lajily,  The  Committee  for  the  Army  and 
Treafurers  at  War  were  ordered  to  meet  that  Af- 
ternoon, and  to  take  Care  to  provide  Money  towards 
the  Pay  of  fuch  of  the  Soldiery  as  mould  be  drawn 
out  of  Town  to  the  Quarters  afligned  for  them  ; 
and  that  both  Horfe  and  Foot  mould  have  a  Month's 
Pay  advanced,  on  a  new  Mufter  to  be  made  of  them. 

Having  now  brought  the  Month  of  January  to  a 
Period,  and  given  all  the  moft  material  Tranfa&ions 
of  Parliament  which  happened  in  it,  and  are  en- 
tered in  the  Journals,  it  will  be  neceilary  to  confult 
the  Hiftorians  of  thofe  Times,  in  order  to  make  the 
former  more  plain  and  intelligible  to  the  Reader. 
Taking  Notice,  that  as  the  Journals  have  now 
brought  up  Gen.  Monke  as  far  as  St.  Albans,  in  his 
Way  to  London,  fo  we  mall  be  obliged  to  go  back  a. 
little,  and  report,  more  particularly,  what  happened 
to  him  further  North  on  his  March  up. 

Dr.  Price's  Ac-      The   Reverend    Writer  of  the   Hiftory   of  the 

count  of  Pro-   Reftoration  tells  us,    '  That,  in  their  March  from 

codings  at  this  Xewcajlle  to  York,    they  made  no  Stay  ;  but  at  the 

latter  Place  they  halted  five  Days.    Here  it  was  they 

met  the  Lord  Fairfax^  who  being  now  willing  to 


Of     ENGLAND.        67 

tread  back  the  Steps  he  had  made  fo  far  in  a  wrong  Jnter-regmun. 
Way,  had  many  private  Conferences  with  Gen.  l65g- 
Monke  about  it.  It  was  moved  to  the  General  to 
flay  at  York^  and  declare 'for  the  King,  afluring  him, 
that  he  (hould  have  great  Afliftance.  But,  juft  at 
that  Time,  the  General  receiving  Orders  from  the 
Parliament  to  march  towards  them,  he  thought  it 
better,  for  the  prefent,  to  obey  their  Commands, 
and  go  forward.  Our  Author  hints,  That  the  Par- 
liament was  jealous  of  the  Lord  Fairfax  and  his  late 
riiing,  tho'  feemingly,  in  their  Favour,  and  therefore 
thought  York  no  fit  Place  for  Monke  to  lodge  his 
Army  in  j  and  tho'  he  would  not  have  removed 
Southward  without  Orders,  and  even  difputed  any 
Commands  to  return  back  again,  yet  now  the  co- 
rning of  thefe  Orders  to  march  forwards,  took  away 
all  Diftruft  that  the  Men  at  IVeJlmmfler  were  jea- 
lous of  him,  and  he  refolved  to  obey  them. 

4  From  York  the  General  made  no  Stay  till  he  came 
to  Nottingham^  where  he  halted  for  the  Rear  of  his 
Army  to  come  up,  and  hither  came  to  him  Dr, 
Clargis  and  Mr.  Gumble^  and  they  had  all  Leifure  to 
debate,  in  Council,  about  their  further  Progrefs,  and 
their  Actings  when  they  got  to  London.  Various 
Projects,  our  Author  fays,  were  propofed,  particu- 
larly one,  That  all  the  Officers  {hould  fubfcribe  to 
be  obedient  to  the  Parliament,  except  in  the  Bring- 
ing-in  of  Charles  Stuart.  But  this  was  as  fubtilly 
oppofed,  by  Arguments  to  the  Effect  following  • 
'  That  this  was  the  Way  to  fall  into  the  fame  Erroj: 
with  the  Englijh  Army;  to  make  themfelves  Judges, 
and,  confequently,  Mafters  of  the  Parliament's  Ac- 
tions ;  for  whenfoever  they  did  any  thing  that  we 
difliked,  it  was  but  fuggefting,  That  the  doing  fuch 
Things  tended  to  the  bringing  him  in,  and  by  that 
Way  make  themfelves  their  own  Carvers/ 

'  Thefe  Arguments,  our  Author  adds,  prevailed  4 
and  the  rather,  becaufe.the  Commiffioners  from  Par<- 
liament  were  to  meet  the  General  at  the  next  Stage* 
which  was  Leicejier.  But,  however,  to  remove  all 
Diftruft  of  himfelf,  he  confented  that  a  Letter 
fliould  be  fent,  in  his  Name,  to  his  Countrymen  in 
E  2  the 

68       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum,  the  Weft  of  England,  wherein  were  many  State 

l659-        Reafons  alledged,  aflerting  the  Impoffibiiity  of  the 

t""r"v"""~'    King's  Return,  and  his  own  Proteftation  againft  it : 

For  now,  it  feems,  he  had  been  informed,  that  thefe 

Weftern  Gentlemen  had  conceived  great  Hopes  of 

him.     The  Reader  may  obferve,  that  a  Copy  of 

this  laft  Letter  is  mentioned  to  be  fent,  by  Scott  and 

Robinfon,  to  the  Parliament ;  and,  no  doubt,  would 

ftill  help  to  remove  any  Jealouiies  they  might  have 

conceived  of  the  General's  Defigns. 

We  have  been  fo  lucky  as  to  retrieve  this  Letter 
from  utter  Oblivion,  and  we  fhall  infert  it  in  this 

For  the  Honoured  ROBERT  HOLLES,  Efq\  T'o  be 
communicated  to  the  Gentlemen  0^*Devonfhire,  ivho 
figned  the  late  Letter  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Parlia- 
?nent  of  the  Commonwealth  ^England,*" 

Moji  honoured  and  dear  Friends^ 

Gen.  Monti »  <T\yfEETING  with  a  Paper,  dated  at  Exon 
Fr"n!is£  the  '  IVJL  ^  *3*h  Inftant,  directed  to  miliam  Len- 
Weft,  '  thallj  Efq;  Speaker  of  the  Parliament,  and  fub- 

*  fcribed  by  divers  of  my  Friends  and  Relations, 

*  purporting  the  recalling  the  Members  fecluded 

*  1648,  as  the  beft  Expedient  for  eftablifliing  thefe 

*  Nations  upon  a  Foundation  of  lafting  Peace,    I 
'  have  taken  theBoldnefs,  from  my  Relation  to  fome 
'  of  you  as  allied,    and  my  affectionate  Refpects  to 

*  all  of  you  as  dear  Friends  and  Countrymen,  to  re- 

*  prefent  to  your  Confideration  my  prefent  Appre- 

*  henfions  of  the  State  of  Affairs  here,  in  order  to  all 

*  our  better  Satisfactions,  wherein  I  humbly  crave 

*  your  Leave  of  Freedom  without  Prejudice. 

'  Before  thefe  unhappy  Wars  the  Government  of 

*  thefe  Nations  was  Monarchical,  both  in  Church 

*  and  State.     Thefe   Wars  have  given  Birth  and 

*  Growth  to  feveral  Interefts,  both  in  Church  and 

*  State,  heretofore  not  known  ;  though  now,  upon 

*  many  Accounts,  very  confiderable  ;  as  the  Prefby- 

*  terian,  Independent,  Anabaptift,  and  Sectaries  of 

f  From  tfee  Cellsftion  of  Mentis  Letters, 

O/*    ENGLAND.        69 

c  all  Sorts,  as  to  Ecclefiaftics  ;  and  the  Purchafers  of  Inter-regnum* 
6  the  King's,  Queen's,  Princes,  Bifhops,  Deans  and 
6  Chapters,  and  all  other  forfeited  Eftates,  and  all 
'  thofe  engaged  in  thefe  Wars  againft  the  King,  as 

*  to  Civils.     Thefe  Interefts  again  are  fo  interwo- 

*  ven  by  Purchafes  and  Intermarriages,  and  thereby 
6  forfeited,  as  I  think,  upon  rational  Grounds,  it 
'  may  be  taken  for  granted,  That  no  Government 
c  can  be  either  good,  peaceable,  or  lafting  to  thefe 

*  Nations,   that   doth   not  rationally   include   and 
6  comprehend  the  Security  and  Prefervation  of  all 
e  the  aforefaid  Interefts,  both  Civil  and  Spiritual  j  I 
f  mean  fo  far  as,  by  the  Word  of  God,  they  are 
'  warranted  to  be  protected  and  preferved.     If  this 
'  be  fo,  then  that  Government,  under  which  we  for- 
c  merly  were,  both  in  Church  and  State,  viz.  Mo- 
c  narchy,  cannot  pofiibly  be  admitted,  for  the  future, 
c  in   thefe  Nations,  becaufe  its    Support  is  taken 

*  away,  and  becaufe  it  is  cxclufive  of  all  the  former 
'  Interefts  both  Civil  and  Spiritual ;  all  of  them  be- 
e  ing  incompatible  with  Monarchical  Uniformity  in 
c  Church  and  State  thus  expired.     That  Govern- 
'  ment,  then,  that  is  moft  able  to  comprehend  and 
6  protect  all  Interefts  as  aforefaid,  muft  needs  be 
«  Republic. 

'  Wherefore,  to  me,  it  is  no  fmall  Doubt,  if, 
e  upon  the  Premifles,  to  admit  of  the  Members  fe- 
'  eluded  in  1648,  were  not  to  obftrucl:  our  Peace  and 

*  continue  our  War,  rather  than  eftablifti  the  one 
4  and  end  the  other ;  in  that  very  many  of  thofe 
e  Members  aflert  the  Monarchical  Intereft,  together 
e  with  the  Abolition  of  all  Laws  made  flnce  their 

*  Seclufion.     Which  I  fear,  upon  account  of  Self- 
c  prefervation,   both  of  Life  and  Eftate,    as  well  as 
'  Spiritual   Liberty,   will  immediately  involve   all 

*  thefe  Nations   in  a  moft  horrid  and  bloody  War 
c  afrefli ;  the  very  Apprehenfions  whereof,  I  con- 
c  fefs,  1  do  infinitely  dread,  and  fubmit  the  danger- 
'  ous  Ccnfequence  thereof  to  your  prudent  Confi- 
'  derations ;  and  the  rather,  feeing  the  Army  alfo 
c  will  never  endure  it. 

£3  '  Having 

yp      "The  Parliamentary  HISTORY- 

Inter-regnum,       «  Having  thus  briefly  laid  before  you  the  prefent 

l659-       *  Condition  of  Affairs,  let  me  now  intreat  you  to 

.*  _-~  '^'^    '  confider,  whether  it  were  not  better  to  defift  from 

F0™***      *  that  paperj  and  fubmit  to  the  Proceedings  of  this 

'  Parliament,  who  have  refolved  to  fill  up  their 

*  Houfe,  determine  their  Sitting,  and  prepare  a  Way 

*  for  future  Succeflions  of  Parliament  ;  by  which 
'  Means  being  full,  and  thereby  comprehending  the 

*  whole  Intereft  of  thefe  Nations,  they  may,  thro* 

*  God's  Mercy,  and  all  our  Patiences,  eftablifh  fuch 

*  a  Government  in  the  Way  of  a  Commonwealth, 

*  as  may  be  comprehenfive  of  all  Interefts  both  Spi- 

*  ritual  and  Civil,  to  the  Glory  of  God,   and  the 

*  Weal  and  Peace  of  the  whole.     But  if,  by  your 
4  Impatiences,  they  be  obftru&ed,  our  Peace  will  be 

*  fo  much  the  longer  a  Stranger  to  us  ;  and  we 

*  thereby  a  Prey  to  ourfelves,  and  all  foreign  Ene- 

*  mies.     Wherefore,  humbly  prefling  thefe  upon 

*  your  ferious  Confederations,  with  all  the  friendly 
'  and  affectionate  Refpe&s,  and  Service  to  you  all, 
<  I  remain, 

,  Jan.  2  1,         Tour  very  bumble 

And  affeftionate  Servant, 


At  Leicefler  the  abovefaid  Emifiaries  from  Parlia- 
ment met  the  General,  whom  Dr.  Price  calls  his 
Counterfeits,  and  were  to  be  his  Ears  and  his 
Mouth.  This,  he  adds,  was  a  hard  Tafk  for  the 
General  to  bear,  and  yet  not  fo  bad  to  him  as  it 
would  have  been  to  moft  other  Men,  becaufe  he 
never  loved  to  fpeak  much,  and  valued  none  that  did 
fo.  At  Harborough,  the  next  Stage,  feveral  emi- 
nent Citizens  of  London  met  the  General  ;  they 
complained  of  Grievances,  which  he  durft  not  then 
promife  to  redrefs,  fo  clofe  did  thefe  Spies  watch  all 
his  Motions,  for  he  anfwered  them  with  few  and 
wary  Words.  The  Citizens  were  fomewhat  fur- 
prized  at  this  Reception,  for  they  had  Hopes  of  a 
tetter,  by  a  Letter  the  General  had  fen,t  them  out 


Of    ENGLAND.         71 

of  Scotland)  defiring  their  Afliftance  ;  but,  adds  the  inter-regnum. 
Do&or,  what  his  Words  did  not  promife  his  Coun- 
tenance  did  ;  and  Care  was  taken  by  others  to  in- 
form  them,  that  they  fliould  not  defpair  of  him. 

From  the  laft- named  Place,  till  the  General  came 
to  Barnet,  Scott  and  Robinfon,  the  Do&or  tells  us, 
would  ftill  quarter  in  the  fame  Inn  with  him,  that 
they  might  he  prefent  to  anfwer  the  Addrefles  of  the 
Country  ;  of  which  the  moft  remarkable  were  pre- 
fented  to  the  General  at  Northampton  and  St.  Al- 
lans. Our  Author  adds,  That  the  Sum  of  the  De- 
fires,  both  of  City  and  Country,  was,  either  a  full 
and  free  Parliament,  or  the  Reftitution  of  the  feclu- 
ded  Members  to  their  Seats  in  this.  And,  as  it  was 
cbferved,  That  the  Gentlemen  who  made  thefe 
Addrefles  had  not  been  Cavaliers,  fo  were  they  lefs 
fufpe&ed  by  Monke's  Officers,  who  knew  only  by 
them  what  the  Senfe  of  the  Country  was.  Scott  and 
Robinfon  took  upon  them  to  anfwer  all  thefe  Addref- 
fes,  the  General's  Return  being  only  a  Nod,  a 
Frown,  or  the  rubbing  of  his  Forehead,  when  the 
Speech  was  long.  But,  at  St.  Albans,  when  Sir 
RichardTemple  had  fpoke  long  and  well,  Scott  looked 
flern,  and  told  him,  '  That  he  would  firft  take  up 
the  Sword  again,  as  old  as  he  was,  before  the  Things 
they  petitioned  for  ftiould  be  granted.5 

It  was  January  the  28th  when  the  General  and 
bis  Army  came  to  St.  Albans ;  and  here,  we  are 
told,  it  was  that  he  difpatched  away  Col.  Lidcot  to 
the  Parliament,  without  confulting  their  Commif- 
iioners,  defiring  Quarters  might  be  affigned  to  his 
Army,  and  the  Regiments  which  attended  as  Guards 
to  the  Parliament,  to  be  removed  to  Country  Quar- 
ters. Our  Author  fays,  That  this  Requeft  was, 
with  fome  Sort  of  Difficulty,  obtained  ;  but  it  does 
not  appear  fo  by  the  Abftra&s  we  have  given  from 
the  'Journals ;  though,  he  adds,  the  Parliament  had 
no  Reafon  to  be  diffident  of  the  General ;  for  his 
whole  Army,  with  which  he  was  to  enter  the  Town, 
was  fomewhat  lefs  than  thofe  which  were  to  walk 
out :  And  the  Parliament  having  had  long  and  frefti 


72        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Experience  of  the  reftlefs  Spirit  of  their  Englifl)  Sol- 
diers, they  muft  look  upon  their  Scots  as  Men  of  a 
different  Temper,  and  better  to  be  trufted.  Nor, 
uary'  indeed,  could  they  do  lefs  than  to  take  thefe  their 
Reftorers  for  their  Guards,  the  Smallnefs  of  their 
Number  not  giving  the  leaft  Shadow  of  Jealoufy  : 
And  when  they  were  at  London  they  were  not  to  be 
under  the  fole  Command  of  Monkey  becaufe  the 
Army  was  governed  by  Commiflioners,  and  Hafil- 
rigge  would  not  allow,  adds  the  Doctor,  that  our 
General  fhould  be  called  by  any  other  Name  than 
Commiffioner  Monke. 

It  may  be  remembered,  that,  on  the  fame  Day 
the  Parliament  received  the  laft  Meflage  from  the 
General,  they  alfo  got  a  Letter  from  Scott  and  Ro- 
binfon,  informing  them  with  the  Addrefies  of  the 
Country  to  him,  which  Dr.  Price  explains  the  Te- 
nor of  above,  and  which  produced  the  fubfequent 
Order  of  the  Houfe.  But  this  Writer  further  tells 
us,  That,  befides  Addrefles,  the  General  was  bu- 
fied  in  receiving  numerous  Viilts;  all  of  which  were 
very  diftafteful  to  thofe  Honourable  Spies,  Scot t  and 
Robinfon,  who  fometimes  in  Civility,  or  for  Dif- 
patch  of  their  own  Bufmefs,  would  withdraw  :  But 
their  Apartment  was  only  feparated  from  the  Ge- 
neral's by  a  Wainfcot-Door,  through  which  they 
either  found  or  made  a  Hole  to  hear  and  fee.  This 
the  General  took  Notice  of  to  our  Author,  and 
animadverted  upon  it  with  a  Sort  of  fcornful  Indig- 

We  hope  the  Reader  will  forgive  a  Digrefiion 
from  the  main  Subject,  if  we  infert  the  following 
Story  in  our  Author's  own  Words.  Speaking  of 
their  Quarters  at  St.  /Jlbansy  he  adds,  *  But  here 
we  fpent  one  Day  extraordinary  at  the  Church  ; 
the  famous  Hugh  Peters,  Mr.  Lee  of  Hatfidd,  and 
another,  carrying  on  the  Work  of  the  Day,  which 
was  a  Faft.  Peters  fupererogated,  and  prayed  a 
]ong  Prayer  in  the  General's  Quarters  too  at  Night. 
As  for  his  Sermon,  he  managed  it  with  fome  Dex- 
terity at  the  firft,  allowing  the  Cantings  of  his  Ex- 

preflions  : 

Q/;   ENGLAND        73 

preffions  :  His  Text  was  Pfalm  cvii.  7.  He  led  tkem  Inter-regmn«. 
y<7r/£  by  the  right  Way,  that  they  might  go    to  the        ^59  • 
City  of  Habitation.     With  his  Fingers  on  the  Cu-    v*"7"v"""'1*'* 
filion  he   meafured  the  right  Way  from  the  Red      January* 
Sea,  through  the  WilderneTs,  to  Canaan  ;  told  us  it 
was  not  forty  Days  March,  but  God  led  Ifrael  forty 
Years  through  the  Wildernefs  before  they  came  thi- 
ther; yet  this  was  ft  ill  the  Lord's  right  Way,  who 
led  his  People  crinkledom  cum  crankledom.     And  he 
particularly  defcended  into  the  Lives  of  the  Patri- 
archs, how  they  journey'd  up  and  down,  tho'  there 
were  Promifes  of  Bleffing  and  reft  to  them.    Then 
he  reviewed  our  Civil  Wars,  our  Intervals  of  Peace, 
and  frefh  Diffractions  and  Hopes  of  Reft ;  but  tho' 
the  Lord's  People,  he  faid,  were  not  yet  come  to 
the  City  of  Habitation,  he  was  ftill  leading  them  on 
in  the  right  Way,  how  dark  foever  his  Difpenfations 
might  appear  to  us.    Before  he  concluded,  he  feem'd 
to  me  to  preach  his  own  Funeral  Sermon. 

'  But  it  was  in  thofe  Days  obferved  of  an  Army- 
Faft,  that  it  commonly  proved  the  Fore-runner  of 
fome  folemn  Mifchief,  and  rendered  their  Gover- 
nors (whofe  Supremacy,  in  Caufes  Ecclefiaftical, 
was  not  owned  by  thefe  Kind  of  Subjects)  jealous 
of  them  :  For  they  would  not  fcruple  religioufly  to 
meet  to  feek  the  Lord,  without  the  Mandate  and 
Direction  of  their  Mafters ;  and,  in  Truth,  they 
knew  fo  well  at  what  Turning  to  find  him,  that 
their  Seeking  was  never  in  vain/ 

We  now  leave  the  Doctor  and  his  General  at 
St.  Allans  a-while,  and  go  back  to  fee  what  is  be- 
come of  our  other  two  Contemporary  Hiftorians, 
Whitlocke  and  Ludlow,  efpecially  fince  the  Whirl  of 
thefe  Times,  we  find,  greatly  affected  them  both. 
In  the  Courfe  of  the  Journals,  before  given,  the 
Reader  might  obferve  that  Ludlow  was  indicted  for 
High  Treafon,  and  Whitkcke  ordered  to  attend  the 
Parliament  at  the  Bar  of  the  Houfe ;  let  us  then 
fee  what  Account  they  give  of  th  mfelves,  in  thefe 
A  ffairs,  in  their  own  Works. 


74       ffle  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.      After  the  Dialogue  before-mentioned,  between 
1659.        Wbitlocke  and  Fleetwood,  about  being  before-hand 
»-— v^-*    with  Monke  in  reftoring  the  King,  and  the  latter's 
January.      j^f^  tnat  Memorialift  goes  on  and  tells  us, 
initlotkSs  Ac-'  That  Col.  Ingoldjby  and  fome  others  applied  to 
count  of  Aftairs  hjm  ;  ancj}  reprefenting  the  prefent  Circumftances 
at  this  Period  j  of- Affa|rS)  advifed  him  to  make  off  with  the  Great 
Seal,  and  convey  it  to  the  King  j  but  he,  unluckily, 
not  confenting,  they  left  him,  and  made  Terms  for 
themfelves :  That,  afterwards,  when  the  old  Par- 
liament was  reftored  to  their  Seats  again,  Wbitlocke 
faw  how  Things  paffed,  and  knew  very  well  they 
would  be  fevere  againft  him  for  adting  in  the  Com- 
mittee of  Safety :  That  Scott  and  Nevil  had  threaten- 
ed to  take  away  his  Life;  the  former  having  faid, 
That  be  Jhould  be  bang'd  with  the  Great  Seal  about 
his  Neck-,  all  which  made  him  confider  how  to  pro- 
vide for  his  own  Safety. 

*  However,  having  a  Summons  amongft  the  reft 
to  take  his  Seat  in  the  Houfe,  he  ventured  to  appear 
there,  and  found  many  of  his  old  Friends,  who  all 
looked  very  my  upon  him ;  and  fome  of  them  ad- 
vifed him  not  to  come  to  the  Houfe  on  the  Day  ap- 
pointed to  confider  of  abfent  Members.  That,  fome 
Days  after,  obferving  a  great  Sharpnefs  in  the  Houfe 
towards  thofe  who  had  acted  during  the  Interrup- 
tion ;  and  being  alfo  informed  of  the  Defign  of 
fome  to  queftion  him  there,  and  to  have  him  fent 
to  the  Toiver,  he  thought  it  moft  advifeable  to  leave 
them,  and  retire  to  a  Friend's  Houfe  in  the  Coun- 
try. Thus  this  Weathercock  of  a  Man,  who  had 
chopped  and  changed  with  every  Form  of  Govern- 
ment fince  the  Regal  one  was  fubverted,  had  now 
jnade  himfelf  fo  faft,  that,  not  being  able  to  get 
backward  or  forward,  he  thought  it  beft  to  abfcond 
rather  than  wait  his  Doom.  Here  he  ftill  continued 
to  write  his  Memoirs  ;  but  nothing  more  is  to  be 
found  in  them  than  what  is  in  much  better  Au- 

Luil*w\  alfo.        Our  other  Memorialift,  Ludlow,  was  a  Man  that 
e4  upon  much  more  ftsady  Principles  than  the 

former  -a 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       7$ 

former  j  and,  through  the  whole  Courfe  of  his  Me*  Inter-regnum. 
moirs,  preferves  a  firm  Attachment  to  the  Repub-  *659« 
lican  Scheme,  of  having  the  Government  of  thefe  *— — v— ••* 
Nations  put  into  the  Hands  of  a  purged  Houfe  of  Janu8IT* 
Commons,  and  a  Council  of  State,  without  Houfe 
of  Lords,  or  any  Single  Perfon  whatfoever.  This 
Maxim,  we  fay,  he  purfued  to  the  laft  ;  and,  being 
much  more  explicit  than  our  former  Hiftorian,  on 
the  prefent  Pofture  of  Affairs,  we  ihall  beg  Leave 
to  quote  his  own  Words,  making  no  Apology  for  the 
Numbers  of  them,  fince  they  help  much  further 
to  explain  many  Hints  already  given  from  the 
Journals,  and  fet  them  in  a  clearer  Light  to  the 
Reader.  After  reciting  the  many  Proteftations  that 
Monke  made,  in  his  March  from  the  North,  to  ftand 
by  and  defend  the  Parliament,  he  adds,  «  The  Par- 
liament being  willing  to  encourage  him  in  the  good 
Refolutions  he  profeiled  to  have  taken,  fent  Mr. 
Thomas  Scott  and  Mr.  Luke  Robinfon,  Members  of  the 
Houfe,  to  be  Commiffioners  from  them  to  him.  Mr. 
Scott  had  kept  a  long  Correfpondence  with  him,  and, 
after  the  laft  Interruption,  had  publifhed  fome  of  his 
Letters,  wherein  Monke  declared  his  Refolution  to 
live  and  die  with  the  Parliament,  without  a  King, 
Single  Perfon,  or  Houfe  of  Lords.  Thefe  two  Per- 
fons  were,  in  Appearance,  much  courted  by  Monkey 
who  pretended  to  be  wholly  direded  by  their  Advice. 
And  when  the  CommilTioners  for  the  City  of  Lon- 
don,  or  the  Gentry  of  thofe  Parts  where  he  paffed, 
applied  themfelves  to  him  for  the  Reftitution  of  the 
fecluded  Members,  he  referred  them  to  the  Judge- 
ment of  the  Parliament,  to  whom,  he  faid,  he  was 
refolved  intirely  to  fubmit.  He  alfo  follicited  Sir 
Arthur  Hafilrigge^  and  fome  others  of  the  Houfe, 
that  the  Sectarian  Party  might  be  removed  out  of 
the  Army,  fending  a  Lift  of  the  Names  of  all  thofe 
who  had  been  continued  in  their  Employments  by 
the  Army,  during  the  late  Interruption  ;  and  pre- 
tended that  a  Commonwealth  could  not  poffibly 
be  eftabliftied  whilft  fuch  Men  were  in  Power. 

What  he  did  relating  to  the  Affairs  of  Ireland* 
was  carried  more  covertly,  and  coloured  with  the 


76        The  Parliamentary  H  i  s  TOR  v 

Inter-regnum.  Name  of  Sir  Charles  Coote.     And  becaufe  he  knew 
l6*9-        I  had  fome  Reputation  with  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge, 

V- v—'    and  the  Commonwealth-Party  of  the  Houfe,  he 
'ary*      made  ufe  of  Sir  Anthony  JJhley  Cooper,  Mr.  Weaver, 
Mr.  Juftice  St.  John,  Mr.  Robert  Reynolds,  and 
fome  others,  to  obtain  what  he  defired  in  that  Mat- 

'  Thefe  Gentlemen  were  informed  that  the  Coun- 
cil of  State,  notwithftanding  all  the  Arts  that  had 
been  ufed  to  calumniate  me,  had  agreed  upon  a 
Report  to  be  made  to  the  Parliament,  That  Sir 
Hardrefs  Waller,  Lieut.  Col.  Walker,  and  Major 
Godfrey,  might  be  intrufted,  in  Conjunction  with 
jne,  with  the  Management  of  Affairs  in  Ireland. 
They  knew  alfo  that  the  two  laft  would  be  ready  to 
do  any  honeft  Thing  I  fhould  advife ;  and  there- 
fore fearing,  left  the  Parliament  might  agree  with 
the  Council  of  State  upon  the  Report,  they  procured 
the  Debate  to  be  adjourned  for  three  Days,  within 
which  Time  they  fo  ordered  the  Matter,  that  Col. 
Bridges,  and  the  two  Warrens,  prefented  to  the 
Parliament  the  Charge  of  High  Treafon  againft  the 
Commiffioners  and  me,  as  I  mentioned  before : 
Whereof  Monke's  Party  in  the  Houfe  made  fuch 
Advantage,  as  not  only  to  refufe  their  Concurrence 
with  the  Council  of  State,  in  their  Report  concern- 
ing me,  but  alfo,  by  the  Help  of  the  Lawyers  Rhe- 
toric, who  were  my  profefled  Adverfaries  on  account 
of  my  Endeavours  to  reform  the  Practice  of  the  Law, 
pafled  a  Vote  to  require  me  to  deliver  the  Fort  ot 
Duncannon  into  the  Hands  of  the  Profecutors  ;  fome 
of  them  moving,  that,  in  cafe  of  Refufal,  I  fhoud 
be  declared  a  Traitor,  and  fent  for  in  Cuftody ; 
which  perhaps  might  have  parted  alfo,  if  Mr.  Henry 
Nevill,  who  fingly  had  the  Courage  to  defend  me 
in  that  Conjuncture,  had  not  fpoken  in  my  Behalf, 
defiring  them  not  to  entertain  a  Jealoufy  of  a  faith- 
ful Servant  upon  Informations  unproved,  nor  to  do 
any  thing  to  the  Prejudice  of  my  Reputation,  till  I 
fhould  be  heard  ;  when,  he  doubted  not,  I  would 
make  appear,  that  I  had  always  endeavoured  to  pro- 
mote their  Service  :  But  I  was  not  the  only  Perfon 

born  2 

Of   ENGLAND.       77 

borne  down  by  this  Torrent.  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge  inter-regnum. 
himfelf  having  parted  with  Sir  Henry  Vane  and  Ma-  '659. 
jor  Sal-way^  his  molt  able  and  beft  Friends,  began  *•*  •"V*"  >^ 
to  lofe  Ground,  and  all  that  he  faid  in  the  Houfe  or  Jaauary' 
elfe where  to  go  for  nothing.  And  tho'  they  could 
find  no  Colour  to  remove  him  as  they  had  done  the 
other  two,  yet  having  already  rendered  him  infigni- 
ficant  in  the  Parliament,  they  refolved  he  fhould 
have  as  little  Power  in  the  Army.  To  that  End  it 
was  contrived  that  Monke  {hould  write  to  the  Par- 
liament, that,  for  their  greater  Security,  the  Forces 
that  were  in  and  about  London,  amounting  to  about 
7  or  8000  Horfe  and  Foot,  might  be  removed  to  a 
farther  DLftance,  to  make  Room  for  thofe  that  he 
had  with  him,  prefuming  to  name  to  the  Parliament 
fome  particular  Regiments  which  he  principally  in- 
filled to  have  removed,  amongft  which  Sir  Arthur 
Hafilrigge^  Regiment  of  Horfe  was  one.  And  fo 
tame  was  the  Parliament  grown,  that  tho'  it  was 
moft  vifible  he  defigned  their  Ruin,  yet,  on  his  bare 
Word  and  empty  Proteftations,  they  not  only 
trufted  him,  but  obeyed  him  as  their  Superior,  and 
ordered  all  that  he  defired  to  be  put  in  Execution. 

*  Notwithftanding  this  unhappy  Pofture  of  Af- 
fairs, thinking  it  my  Duty  to  clear  ruyfelf  of  the 
Afperfions  caft  upon  me,  and  to  improve  the  fmall 
Intereft  I  had  left  for  the  Service  of  the  Public  Caufe, 
I  refolved  to  take  my  Place  in  Parliament :  And,  in 
order  thereunto,  being  accompanied  by  Mr.  Henry 
Nevill,  I  attended  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge  at  White* 
ball9  where  I  gave  him  a  ftiort  Account  of  my  Ac- 
tions fince  I  had  laft  feen  him,  of  my  Endeavours  in 
Ireland  to  ferve  the  Public,  of  the  State  of  Affairs 
there,  of  the  Principles  and  Practices  of  thofe  that 
had  aflumed  the  Power  in  that  Country,  and  of  the 
Readinefs  of  the  Soldiers,  and  moft  of  the  Officers 
in  that  Army,  to  have  ferved  the  Parliament  faith- 
fully and  ufefully,  if  they  had  been  true  to  them- 
felves  and  their  own  Intereft.  I  alfo  acquainted 
him  with  the  Senfe  I  had  of  the  late  fevere,  if  I 
might  not  fay  unjuft,  Proceedings  againftme,  which 
feemed  to  me  to  be  fuch  a  Requital  of  my  faithful 


^8       tfhe  Parliamentary  HISTORIC 

tnter-regnum.  Services,  that  if  I  expected  ray  Reward  from  Meri^ 
1659.        I  {hould  rather  chufe  to  ferve  the  Great  Turk.    But 

U»— "*>•—•  W  that  I  might  not  be  wanting  to  myfelf,  and  in  order 
January,  tQ  juft|fy  my  own  Innocence,  if  1  could  do  no  fur- 
ther Good,  I  had  refolved  to  go  to  the  Parliament- 
Houfe  the  next  Morhino;,  defiring  his  Advice  and 
that  of  Mr.  Nevill  for  my  Government  when  I 
fhould  come  thither.  Sir  Arthur  was  unwilling  to 
Center  into  any  Difcourfe  concerning  what  had  lately 
paired,  faying;,  It  was  too  late  to  recall  Things  now; 
and  then  told  us  how  his  Enemies  thought  to  en- 
fnare  him,  by  Monke's  Motion  to  the  Parliament 
for  removing  his  Regiment  from  London^  thinking 
thereby  to  create  a  Difference  between  him  and 
Monke,  wherein  he  had  difappointed  them  by  defi- 
ring their  Removal  himfelf,  contrary  to  their  Ex- 
pectation j  entering  into  a  prolix  Commendation  of 
Monke;  and  afTuring  us,  that  he  was  a  Perfon  on 
whofe  Fidelity  they  might  fafely  rely. 

4  If  I  may  be  permitted  to  deliver  my  Senfe 
touching  this"  Difcourfe  of  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge,  I 
conjecture  it  proceeded  partly  from  an  Apprehen- 
fion  that  Things  were  already  gone  fo  far,  that  he 
doubted  whether  he  {hould  put  any  Stop  to  them, 
and  partly  from  fome  Sparks  of  Hope  that  Monks 
could  not  be  fuch  a  Devil  to  betray  a  Truft  fo  freely 
repofed  in  him  ;  for  he  kept  a  conftant  Correfpon- 
dence  with  Sir  Arthur,  and  in  all  his  Letters  re- 
peated the  Engagements  of  his  Fidelity  to  the  Par- 
liament, with  Expreflions  of  the  greateft  Zeal  for  a 
Commonwealth  Government. 

In  the  Conclufion  it  was  agreed  between  us,  that 
"when  I  came  into  the  Houfe  1  {hould  iit  as  privately 
as  I  could,  and  obferve  the  Temper  of  the  Mem- 
bers, before  I  fhould  put  them  upon  the  Confidera- 
tion  of  my  Affair.  Accordingly  I  went  to  the  Houfe, 
and  though  they  had  ufed  me  in  the  Manner  A  have 
related,  yet  they  treated  me  very  civilly,  fome  of 
them  telling  me,  in  a  jefting  Way,  that  it  was  not 
ufual  for  Men,  accufed  of  High  Treafon,  to  be  fo 
well  received  in  that  Place.  Having  taken  out  a 
Copy  of  the  Charge  exhibited  againff  tlje  Commif- 


Of   ENGLAND.        79 

{loners  and  me,  I  found  the  Commiffioners  to  be  Inter-regnum. 
charged  with  altering  their  Title,  during  the  late  l6&*__  t 
Interruption,  from  Commiffioners  of  Parliament  to  p  r~*~^ 
Commiffioners  of  the  Commonwealth ;  and  that  they 
had  fent  a  Ship  of  War  to  prevent  any  Relief  to,  or 
Correfpondence  with,  the  Garrifon  of  ^yr,  in  Scot- 
land, who  had  declared  for  the  Parliament :  Befides 
which,  Col.  "John  'Jones  was  accufed  for  taking  part 
with  the  Army  againft  the  Parliament,  not  only  in 
the  Particulars  aforefaid,  but  alfo  in  his  Anfwer  to 
the  Letter  written  by  Monke  to  me,  on  Suppofition 
that  I  was  then  in  Ireland^  to  invite  me  to  a  Con- 
junction with  him  for  the  Reftitution  of  the  Parlia- 
ment ;  and  likewife  for  promoting  a  Subfcription  to 
the  Government  of  the  Army  amongft  the  Officers 
in  Ireland.  As  for  me,  I  was  charged  with  affifting 
the  Army  in  England^  and  doing  A£h  of  Hoftility 
by  Sea  and  Land  againft  thofe  in  Ireland^  who  had 
declared  for  the  Parliament.  Whereupon  I  moved 
the  Houfe  that  they  would  be  pleafed,  according  to 
their  Order,  to  hear  me  touching  their  Affairs  in 
Ireland^  and  to  permit  me  to  juftify  myfelf,  which 
J  did  the  rather  that  I  might  have  an  Opportunity 
to  procure  that  mifchievous  Order  for  the  Surrender 
of  Duncannon  to  be  recalled,  hoping  that  it  had  not 
yet  been  put  in  Execution.  But  all  that  I  could 
obtain  was,  to  have  a  Day  appointed  when  I  mould 
be  heard.  Mr.  Miles  Corbett,  who  arrived  in  Eng- 
land fome  Days  before  me,  was  fo  terrified  with  the 
Proceedings  of  the  Parliament  againft  Sir  Henry 
Vane  and  Major  Salway,  together  with  the  Name 
of  a  Charge  of  High  Treafon  againft  himfelf,  that 
he  had  never  appeared  publickly  fmce  his  Arrival, 
till,  upon  fome  Difcourfe  with  me,  he  took  Courage, 
and  went  with  me  to  the  Houfe/ 

But  we  now  leave  thefe  political  Hiftorians  and 
go  on  with  the  Journals  : 

February  i.  The  Parliament,  ever  fmce  it  was 
re-inftated  in  its  Power  and  Authority,  had  gi- 
ven out  new  Commiffions,  by  the  Hands  of  their 
Speaker,  almoft  every  Day,  to  the  Officers  of  the 


80       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Ipter-regnum.  Army  j  and  was  continued  this  Month,  in  order  to 
1659.  make  them,  in  fame  Meafure,  acknowledge  the 
^^~v~**  -  Parliament  as  the  Source  from  whence  they  deduced 
February.  ^e\r  Maintenance  and  Support.  But  knowing  very 
well  that  alone  would  not  keep  thefe  reftlefs  Spirits 
quiet,  and  being  alarmed  at  fome  Disturbance  made 
by  the  Troops  that  were  removed  from  London  to 
make  Way  for  Monke  and  his  Army  to  take  up  their 
Quarters,  they  this  Day  ordered  the  Committee  for 
the  Army  to  iilue  out  Warrants  for  one  Month's  ad- 
ditional Pay  to  be  given  to  thofe  Regiments  of  Horfe 
and  Foot  who  marched  out  on  this  Occalion. 

The  fame  Day  they  received  another  Letter  from 
General  Monke.,  dated  St.  Albans,  Jan.  30,  1659, 
the  Purport  of  it  not  entered  ;  but,  after  the  read- 
ing of  it,  it  was  ordered,  *  That  the  Cuftody  of  St. 
James's  Park  be,  and  is  hereby,  granted  and  com- 
mitted unto  Commiflioner  General  George  Monke t 
to  hold  and  enjoy  the  Cuftody  of  the  laid  Park  du- 
ring the  Pleafure  of  the  Parliament.' 

The  Serjeant  at  Arms  was  ordered  forthwith 
to  take  Sir  Henry  Vane  into  Cuftody,  and  to  take 
Care  that  he  be  conveyed  to  his  Houfe  at  Bellew,  in 
order  to  his  going  to  his  Houfe  at  Raby,  according 
to  the  former  Order  of  Parliament. 

A  Committee  appointed  to  infpecl  the  public 
Treafuries  of  the  Commonwealth,  to  fee  what  Mo- 
nies are  there,  and  give  a  fpeedy  Account  thereof  to 

Lieut.  Gen.  Ludlow  was  ordered  to  give  an  Ac- 
count to  the  Houfe  of  the  Affairs  in  Ireland,  on  this 
Day  Se'nnight ;  the  Petition  from  the  Company  of 
Foot  in  Duncannon  Fort  to  be  then  read. 

Lajlly,  the  Bill  for  approving  and  juftifying  the 
Actions  of  General  George  Monke,  was  read  a  fe- 
cond  Time,  and,  upon  the  Queftion,  ordered  to  be 

February  2.  The  Aft  for  conflicting  a  Com- 
mittee for  the  Army  and  Treafurers  at  War,  was 
this  Day  read  a  third  Time,  and  palTed,  and  was 
crdered  to  be  printed  and  publifhed. 


Of   ENGLAND.  8i 

Col.  tfcbite  reported  from  the  Committee  of  Infpe&ion  of 
the  Public  Money  the  following  Account : 

Remain,  ended  Oft.  12, 
Receipts  fithence,  ufque  Dec.  27, 

1659.    Public  Revenue. 
Cuftoms  and  Sublidies        ..  ..   .. 

Excife  and  New  Impoft         — 
Farmers  of  the  Excife  of  Beer 
Tonnage  and  Poundage  of  Coals 
Conveying  Water  \ioWeftminfter 

Poftage  of  Letters  

Farmers  of  the  IfTues  of  Jurors 
Receiver- General       -    . 
Rents  of  Lands  «..    •< 

Fines  for  Alienations          .     .... 
Probate  of  Wills        —         — 

Sheriffs  of  Counties,  13 c.  

Sheriffs  of  Cities,  &V.          — 
Compofitions  in  the  Exchequer 

Recufants        •••  •    - . 

Lands  feized  and  extended     — 

Treafurers  at  Drary-Houfe       — 

Commiffioners  of  Excife,  &c.  1 

for  Beer,  fcfV.  ] 

Treafurers    for   the    Piedmont  \ 


Arrears  of  Subfidies  • 

Treafurers  for  Dean  and  Chap-  1 
ters  Lands  3 

Loan-Money     — — • 

Public  Money  deposited,  and  7 
not  yet  accounted  for  J 


To  Gualier  Froft,  Efq;  Trea-T 
farer  of  the  Council's  Contingen- 1 
cies,  in  Part  of  is;oo/.  for  Con- > 
tingencies,  by  Order  of  the  Coun- 1 
cil  of  State,  dated  Sept.  17,  1659 
To  him  more,  in  Part  of  3000  /. 
by  Order  of  the  Council  of  State, 
dated  OR.  13,  1659 

Carried  over, 



0  * 




































































280    o    o 

IOOO      O      O 


115580  i (5 


*The  Parliamentary  HITOSRY 


522  19  9 

'-     Brought  over, 

To  him  more,  by  Order  of  the  J 
Council  of  State,  dated  Off.  25,  J-   1450    o    o 
1659,  for  Salaries  3 

To  him  more,  in  Part  of  7coo/.  1 
in  Satisfaftion  of  Warrants  charg'd  / 
on  him,  and  anfwering  Bills  of  Ex-  f 
change,  by  Order  dated  Ofl.  25-,  1 

To  him  more,  by  Order  dated") 
Oft.  20,  1659,  to  be  by  him  if-  (      2QO 
lued  to  Mr.  Scott,   one  of    the  f 
Members  of  the  Council  J 

To  him  more,  by  Letters  Pa- "J 
tent,  dated  Nov.  24,  1659,  to  be  ( 
by  him  ifiued  upon  Warrants  from  C 
the  Committee  of  Safety  J 

To  him  more,  in  Part  of  5  coo  /. ' 
for  the  Garrifon  of  Dunkirk, 
Letters  Patent,    dated  Nav. 

To  Richard  Hutchinfon,  Efqj' 
Treafurer  of  the  Navy,  in  Part  of 
i  ooooo  /.  by  Order  of  the  Coun- 
cil of  State,  dated  Sept.  7,  1659 

To    him    more,    in    Part    ofl 
•zcoooo/.  by  Letters  Patent,  da-  V  19023   17 
ted  Dec.  i,   1659  3 ~~" 

557  = 

coo/.  T 
*,  by  f 
\  28,  r 

II2D   O 



72989  10 

To  John  Blackwell  and  Ricbar<T 
Deane,  Efqrs.  Treafurers  at  War, 
in  full  of  what  remained  due  to 
them  upon  an  Order  of  the  Com- 
mittee of  Safety,  of  May  18,  1659, 
by  Letters  Patent,  dated  Dec.  i, 

To  them  more,  in  Part  of"] 
I7397/.  71.  j  d.  in  full  of  what  \ 
remains  due  unto  them  upon  an  • 
Order  of  the  Council  of  State,  off  3' 
July  12,  1659,  by  the  falne  Let-  i 
ters  Patent  J 

4043  10    6 


18   sU 


Carried  over, 




5  °° 

IOOO      O      O 



/.  S.         £ 

Brought  over, 

To  John  Brefly,  Efq;  Treafurer") 
for  fick  and  maimed  Soldiers,  in  j 
Part  of  4490  /  being  the  Remain-  j 
derof  6ooo/.  for  two  Months  Pay,  }«• 
appointed  by  Order  of  Parliament  j 
to  be  paid  to  the  fick  and  maimed  J 
Soldiers,  by  Order  of  the  Council  j 
of  State,  dated  Oft,  14,  1659 

To  him  more,  upon  Account, 
for  fick  and  maimed  Soldiers,  by 
Letters  Patent,  dated  Nov.  24, 

To  him  more,  in  Part  of  3000 /. 
for  fick  and  maimed  Soldiers,  by 
Letters  Patent,  dated  Dec.  16, 

Affairs  of  Flanders. 

To  Edward  Blackwell,  of  Lon-~\ 
don,  Goldfmith,  in  full  of  4000 /.  | 
to  be  by  him  tranfmitted  to  Dun-  ^ 
kirk,  by  Order  of  the  Council  of  | 
State,  dated  Sept.  27,  1659  J 

To  him  more,  upon  the  weekly") 
Sum  of  i  200  /.  to  be  by  him  tranf-  j 
mitted  to  Dunkirk,  by  Order  of  the  ^- 
Council  of  State,  dated  Oft.  20,  j 
1659  J 

To  him  more,  in  Part  of  i  ooo  /. ") 
being  fo  much  charged  on  him  by  | 
Bill  of  Exchange  from  the  Lord  )> 
Lodbart,  by  Order  of  the  Council  j 
of  State,  dated  Oft.  20,  16^9  J 

To    him    more,    in  Part    of") 
4600  /.  to  be  by  him  paid  to  the  \ 
Commander  in  Chief  of  the  Forces  ^ 
at  Dunkirk,  by  Letters  Patent,  da-  | 
ted  Dec.  i,  1659  J 

To  him.  more,  in  full  of  an") 
Order  of  the  Council  of  State,  of  j 
Otl.  20,  1659,  for  1000 /.  being  J 
fo  much  charged  on  him  by  Bill  V 
of  Exchange  from  the  Lord  Lock-  j 
hart,  by  Letters  Patent,  dated  | 
Dec.  i,  1659  J 

/.       s. 
86019  *9 

v.      2250 

o    o 

2901   10    8  " 

1  200     o     o 

2400     o     o 

326  1  6     5 



f    2 

Carried  ever,      9577*     9 

40    o    o 

£4          The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Brought  over, 
Fees  and  Penfions. 

To  the  Lady  Elizabeth  Carr,~\ 
in  Part  of  i6o/.  for  the  Arrears  of  j 
a  Penfion  of  ico/.  per  Ann.  due  ! 
for  one  Year  feven  Months  and  f 
nine  Days,  by  Letters  Patent,  j 
dated  Dec.  13,  1659  J 

To  Cornelius  He/land,  Efq;  for") 
Arrears  of  a  Penfion  of  80  /.  per  j 
Ann.  due  for  fix  Years  and  an  half,  j 
ended  Sept.  29,  1659,  by  Letters  • 
Patent,  dated  Dec.  19,  1659.     By  r 
two  Tallies,   400 /.    on   Aliena- 
tions; and  I20/.  on  Probate  of 

To  Bulftrode  Lord  Wbitlocke," 
Keeper  of  the  Great  Seal  of  Eng- 
land, upon  his  Fee  of  iooo/.  per 
Ann.  unpaid  unto  him  for  Mi- 
cbaelmas  Term  laft,  by  Letters 
Patent,  dated  Dec.  20, 1659.  By 
Tally  on  the  Excife-Office 

To  Sir  Andrew  Dick,  Knt.  up- 
on his  Penfion  of  5  /.  per  Wee 




o    o 

2CO      O      O 

30    o    o 



1225    o    o 

for  fix  Weeks,  ended  Nov.   \  2, 
1659,  by  Order  of  Parliament  of  } 
Aug.  1 1,  1659  J 

Payments  of  fundry  Natures. 

To  Mr.  Symball,  due  and  ow- 
ing to  him  by  the  State,  for  Coals 
Oats,  &c.  by  Order  of  the  Coun- 
cil of  State,  dated  Off.  13,  1659 

To  Martin  Noel/,  in  Satisfac--* 
tion  of  feveral  Sums   of  Money  / 
by  him  paid  upon  Bills  of  Ex-  >   2000 
change,  by  Order  of  the  Council  J 
of  State,  dated  QEl.  3,  1659 

To  Robert  Walton,  Citizen  and^ 
Draper  of  London,  for  black  Cloth 
by  him  heretofore  fold  and  deli  • 
vered  for  the  Funeral  of  his  late 
Highncfs  Oliver  Lord  Proteftor, 
by  Letters  Patent,  dated  Nov.  22, 
1659.  By  Tally  on  Dr#ry-Hou/e . 

Carried  orer,     70154.    6     5 

840    o 

6929    651 


9  To 

Of   ENGLAND.                        85 

/.         i.     d.             I-         s-     '- 

Brought  over,        10154     6     5            96611     9   II 

To  Job*  Marios,  Efq;  for  Dif-" 

burfemenrs  in  the  Bufinefs  of  In- 

telligence, and  other  public  Ser- 

vices to  the  Commonwealth  by 

>  2999    5    7 

him  done  and  performed,  by  Let- 

ters Patent,  dated  Dec.  3,   1659. 

By  Tally  on  the  Port  Office 

To  GfOfgs  Downing,  Efq;    in" 

Part  of  1216  /.  9-r.  10  d.  due  and 

owing  to  him  upon  his  Account  of 

Monies  difburfed  for  the  Service 

.     200    o    o 

of  his  Negotiation  in   ttfe  Low- 

Countries,  by  Letters  Patent,  dated 

Dec.  12,  1659 

To  Jobn  Blackwell,  Efq;  Ad-' 
miniftrator  of  the  Goods  and  Chat- 

+      16367    12      0 

tels  of  Jskn  Black-well,  his  Father, 

deceafed,inPart  of  14967.  is.  id. 

II2979       l    " 

due  to  the  Eftate  of  his  faid  Fa- 
t-rver,  upon  an  Order  of  Parliament 
of  Nov.  15,  1659,  difcovered  by 

>  1014    o    o 

Receipts  from  p.  81. 

115530  16  ii 

him,    by  Letters  Patent,    dated 

Difburferr.ents  as 

Dec.    19,    1659.     By  Tally  on 


Thomas  Wbittington 

112979      I    II 

To  Capt.  Thomas  Lodington,  in" 

Part  of  5000  /.  for  Viftuals  of  fe- 

veral  Sorts,  Hay,  and  other  Provi- 

fions,  by  him  tranfported  to  Dun- 

»   2OOO      O      O    - 

kirk,    by  Letters  Patent,    dated 

Dec.  8,  1659.  By  Tally  on  0ra0j* 

tiwft                                          . 

And  fo  remaineth  in  the  Receipt  of  the  Public  1        2611       o 
Exchequer,  this  27th  Day  of  December,  16593                   -> 

Then  the  Houfe  came  to  the  following  Refolutions  : 
'  Refolved,  That  the  Sum  of  520 /.  be  paid  out  of  the  Public 
Revenue  of  the  Exchequer  to  Cornelius  Holland,,  Efq;  upon  Pre- 
tence of  Arrears  of  a  Penfion  of  20 /.  per  Annum,  alledged  to  be 
due  for  fix  Years  and  a  Half,  ending  the  2Qth  of  September^  1659, 
was  paid  and  iflued  out  by  an  illegal  Warrant. 

*  Ordered,  That  Cornelius  Holland,  Efq;  on  Sight  of  this  Or- 
der, do  forthwith  pay  the  faid  Sum  of  2507.  into  the  Public  Re- 
ceipt of  the  Exchequer,  for  the  Ufe  of  the  Commonwealth. 

F  3  'Re- 

86       tfhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Tnter-regnum,      *  Refolved,  That  the  Sum  of  520 /.  paid  out  of 
l659-        the  Public  Revenue  of  the  Exchequer,  to  BulJIrodc 
*- — v—~ '    Lord  Whitlocke,  upon  Pretence  of  his  Fee  of  iooc/. 
February.     ^  ^nnumy  unpaid  unto  him  for  Michaelmas  Term 
laft,  upon  Pretence  of  Letters  Patent,  dated  Decem- 
ber 20,  1659,  was  paid  and  iffued  out  by  an  illegal 

«  Ordered,  That  Bulfirode  Lord  Wbltlocke  do 
forthwith,  on  Sight  hereof,  pay  into  the  public  Re- 
ceipt of  the  Exchequer,  the  faid  Sum  of  250  /.  for 
the  Ufe  of  the  Commonwealth. 

«  Ordered,  That  the  Plate,  in  the  Cuftody  of 
the  Committee  appointed  toHake  Care  of  the  Goods 
belonging  to  the  Commonwealth,  in  Whitehall  and 
Hampton-Court,  be  forthwith  fold;  and  that  the 
Money  raifed  thereby  do  go  towards  Payment  of 
the  Army. 

«  Refolved,  That  in  cafe  any  Tally  or  Tal- 
lies, hath  or  have  been  {truck  for  the  Sum  of 
6929  /.  6  s.  $d.  or  any  Part  thereof,  or  any  Part  of 
the  faid  Money  paid  unto  Robert  Walton,  Citizen  and 
Draper  of  London^  for  black  Cloth  by  him  hereto- 
fore fold  and  delivered  for  the  Funeral  of  the  late 
Lord -General  Cromwell^  the  fame  was  done  by 
illegal  Warrant ;  and  it  is  ordered,  That  all  Monies 
paid  out  of  the  Treafuries  of  the  Commonwealth, 
by  Colour  of  any  fuch  Warrant,  be  forthwith  re- 
paid by  the  faid  Robert  Walton. 

Col.  White  alfo  reported  a  Paper  delivered  in  to 
the  faid  Committee  of  Infpections,  by  John  Thurloey 
Efq;  which  was  read, 

«  Refolved,  That  a  Warrant  for  a  Tally  on  the 
Poll-Office  for  Payment  of  2999^  5*.  jd.  to  John 
Thurloe^  Efq;  for  Difburfements  in  the  Bufinefs  of 
Intelligence,  and  other  public  Services  to  the  Com- 
monwealth by  him,  by  Colour  of  Letters  Patent, 
dated  December  12,  1659,  is  null  and  void. 

«  Ordered,  That  the  faid  Paper  and  Cafe  of  John. 
Thurloe^  Efq;  touching  his  Difburfements  and  "Ser- 
vices for  the  Commonwealth,  be  referr'd  to  the  Con- 
fideration  of  the  Council  of  State,  and  they  to  report 
their  Opinion  therein  to  the  Parliament  forthwith. 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.          87 

4  Ordered,  That  the  whole  Bufinefs  concerning  Inter-regnum. 
the  Port- Office,  and  what  hath  been  received  by 
Mr.  Prideauxj  late  Attorney- General,  out  of  the 
fame,  and  what  Account  hath  been  made  thereof, 
be  referred  to  a  Committee  to  examine,  and  they  to 
ftate  the  Matter  of  Fact,  and  report  it  to  the  Parlia- 
ment, with  their  Opinion  thereon. 

'  Refolved,  That  the  pretended  Warrant  for 
Payment  of  ioi4/.  to  John  Blackwell,  Efqj  in  Part 
of  14967.  u.  2(L  pretended  to  be  due  to  the  Eftate 
of  "John  Blackwell^  Efq;  deceafed,  upon  an  Order  of 
Parliament  of  the  I5th  of  November •,  1650,  and 
other  Warrants  for  Payment  of  1800 /.  more,  and 
all  other  Tallies  ftruck  for  the  fame,  are  illegal : 
And  it  is 

«  Ordered,  That  the  faid  John  Black-well  do 
forthwith,  on  Sight  of  this  Order,  pay  into  the  pub- 
lic Exchequer  the  Sum  of  ioi4/.  received  out  of 
the  public  Revenue  of  the  Exchequer,  by  Colour  of 
the  faid  Warrant  or  Warrants. 

4  Ordered,  That  it  be  referred  to  the  Committee, 
to  whom  the  Bufinefs  touching  the  Poft-Office  is 
referred,  to  examine  what  Sum  or  Sums  of  Money, 
or  other  Satisfaction  in  Lands,  or  otherwife,  have 
been  paid  or  made  to  "John  Blackwell^  Efq;  deceafed, 
or  to  the  faid  John  Blackwell,  his  Son,  in  Satisfaction 
of  the  faid  pretended  Debt,  and  report  it  to  the  Par- 

February  3.  This  Day  the  Houfe  refumed  the 
Debate  on  the  Qualifications,  but  could  not  agree 
on  the  firft  Paragraph  of  it,  fo  adjourned  it  to  the 
next.  Thefe  Qualifications  were  debated  de  Die  in 
Diem  for  fome  Time  before  they  were  concluded  ; 
we  mail  therefore  poftpone  them  till  they  were  fi- 
nally agreed  upon,  and  then  an  Abftracl  of  the  Acl: 
itfelf  may  be  fufficient,  as  they  were  all  vacated  by  a 
Refolution  of  the  Houfe  on  the  24th  of  this  Month. 

The  City  of  London  feems  now  to  be  growing 
very  tumultuous ;  for,  this  Day,  it  was  ordered, 
That  it  be  be  referred  to  the  Council  of  State,  to  ex- 

88      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-rfgnum,  amine  the  whole  Bufmefs  touching  the  Difturbances 
1659.        which  happened  laft  Night  in  the  City  of  London,  to 
<> — s-~>    ftate  the  Matter  of  Fact,  and  report  their  Opinion, 
February.     wkat  was  £t  to  ^e  (]one  therein,   and  how  to  pre- 
vent the  like  Tumults  for  the  future.' 

February  4.  Ordered,  «  That  Commiffioner- 
General  Monke  do  attend  the  Houfe  on  Monday 
next  the  6th  Inftant,  to  receive  the  Senfe  of  the 
Parliament,  in  Relation  to  his  fignal  and  faithful 
Services  ;  and  that  Mr.  Scott  and  Mr.  Robinfon  do 
accompany  him.' 

February  6.  But,  on  this  Day,  we  find  no  Men- 
tion made  of  an  Interview  between  the  General  and 
the  Parliament,  in  the  Journals ;  though  it  certainly 
happened.  There  is  a  Hiatus,  marked  with  Afte- 
rifms,  at  the  End  of  this  Day's  Proceedings,  in 
which,  'tis  probable,  the  Clerk  fhould  have  entered 
it :  But  we  have  met  with  the  Speech  the  General 
made  to  the  Houfe,  at  this  their  firft  Meeting,  which 
we  give  as  follows  :  b 

Mr.  Speaker, 

General  Monke^s*.    /t    Mongft  the  many  Mercies  of  God  to  thefe 
firft  Speech  to    t   rA    poor  Nations,   your  peaceable  Reftoration 

»V,»  U,.1;,r^r,r  J-      •*•      ».  ?       J. »        . 


the  Parliament,  t  is  nQt  the  Jeaft  . 

c  belongs  the  Glory  of  it.  And  I  efteem  it  as  a 
«  great  Effect  of  his  Goodnefs  to  me,  that  he  was 
'  pleafed  to  make  me,  amongft  many  worthier  in 
'  your  Service,  fome  way  inftrumental  in  rt.  I  did 

*  nothing  but  my  Duty,   and  do  not  deferve  to  re- 
'  ceive  fo  great  Honour  and  Refpect  as  you  are 
4  pleafed  to  give  me  at  this  Time  and  Place,  which 

*  1  fliall  ever  acknowledge  as  an,  high  Mark  of  your 
'  Favour  to  me. 

'  Sir,  I  fliall  not  now  trouble  you  with  large 
*.  Narratives,  only  give  me  Leave  to  acquaint  you, 
«  that,  as  I  marched  from  Scotland  hither,  I  obferved 


H  From  a  Cngle  Pamphlet,  intituled,  The  Lord-General  Monke'* 
Speech,  delivered  by  him  in  the  Parliament,  on  Monday,  February  §, 
1659.  Edinburgh,  re-printed  by  Chriftopher  Higgins,  in  Hart*« 
Clofe,  ovcr.againfl  tie  Troae  Church,  1660. 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         89 

£  the  People  in  moft  Counties  in  great  and  earneft  Inter-regnum* 

*  Expectations  of  Settlement ;  and  they  made  feve-        l653- 

'  ral  Applications  to  me,  with  numerous  Subfcrip-    '""TV ""^ 
«  tions.     The  chiefeft  Heads  of  their  Defires  were, 

*  For  a  free  and  full  Parliament,  and  that  you  would 

*  determine  your  fitting  ;   a  Gofpel  Miniftry  j   En- 

*  couragement  of  Learning  and  Univerfities ;  and  for 

*  Admittance  of  the  Members  fecluded  before  1648, 

*  without  any  previous  Oath  or  Engagement.     To 

*  which  I  commonly  anfwered,  That  you  are  now 

*  in  a  free  Parliament ;   and  if  there  be  any  Force 

*  remaining  upon  you,  I  would  endeavour  to  remove 
'  it;  and  that  you  had  voted  to  fill  up  your  Houfe, 
4  and  then  you  would  be  a  full  Parliament  alfo  ; 

*  and  that  you  had  already  determined  your  fitting. 

*  And  for  the  Miniftry,  their  Maintenance,   the 

*  Laws  and  Univerfities,   you  had  largely  declared 

*  in  your  laft  Declaration,  and  I  was  confident  you 
4  would  adhere  to  it ;  but  as  for  thofe  Gentlemen 

*  fecluded  in  the  Year  1648,    I  told  them  you  had 

*  given  Judgement  in  it,  and  all  People  ought  to> 
«  acquiefce  in  that  Judgment ;  but  to  admit  any 
'  Members  to  fit  in  Parliament,  without  a  previous 

*  Oath  or  Engagement  to  fecure  the  Government 

*  in  Being,  it  was  never  yet  done  in  England.    And 
'  although  I  faid  it  not  to  them,  I  muft  fay  it,  with 
'  Pardon,  to  you,  That  the  lefs  Oaths  and  Engage- 

*  ments  are  impofed,  (with  Refpedt  had  to  the  Se- 
'  curity  of  the  Common  Caufe)  your  Settlement 

*  will  be  the  fooner  attained  to.     I  am  the  more 

*  particular  in  thefe  Matters,  to  let  you  fee  how 

*  grateful  your  prefent  Confultations  about  thefe 
'  Things  will  be  to  the  People.     I  know  all  the  fo- 

*  ber  Gentry  will  heartily  clofe  with  you,  if  they 

*  may  be  tenderly  and  gently  ufed  ;  and  I  am  fure 

*  you  will  fo  ufe  them,  as  knowing  it  to  be  our 

*  common  Concern,  to  expatiate,  and  not  to  nar- 

*  row  our  Interefts :  And  to  be  careful  neither  the 

*  Cavalier  nor  Fanatic  Party  have  yet  a  Share  in 
'  your  Civil  or  Military  Power ;  of  the  laft  of  whofe 

*  Impatience  to  Government,  you  have  had  fo  fe- 

*  vere  Experience. 

90       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  <  I  fliould  fay  fomething  of  Ireland  and  Scotland  : 
<  Indeed  Ireland  is  in  an  ill  Condition,  and  made 
'  worfe  by  your  fudden  Interruption,  which  pre- 

*  vented  the  paffing  an  Adi  for  the  Settlement  of  the 
c  Eftates  of  Adventurers  and  Soldiers  there,   which 
«  I  heard  you  intended  to  have  done  in  a  few  Days  ; 

*  and  I  prefume  it  will  be  quickly  done,  being  fo 

*  neceflary  at  this  Time,  when  the  Wants  of  the 

*  Commonwealth  call  for  Supplies,  and  People  will 
'  unwillingly  pay  Taxes  for  thofe  Eftates  of  which 
c  they  have  no  legal  Aflurance.     I  need  not  tell 

*  you  how  much  your  Favour  was  abufed  in  the 

*  Nomination  of  your  Officers  of  your  Army  there  : 
«  Their  Malice  hath  been  fufficiently  manifefted.    I 

*  I  dare  affirm  that  thofe  now  that  have  declared  for 

*  you,  will  continue  faithful,  and  thereby  evince, 

*  that,  as  well  there  as  here,  it  is  the  fober  Intereft 

*  that  muft  eftablifh  your  Dominion. 

*  As  for  Scotland;  I  muft  fay  the  People  of  that 
'  Nation  deferve  much  to  be  cherifhed  ;  and  I  be- 

*  lieve  your  late  Declaration  will  much  glad  their 

*  Spirits  ;  for  nothing  was  more  dreadful  to  them, 

*  than  a  Fear  to  be  over-run  with  fanatic  Notions. 

'  I  humbly  recommend  them  to  your  Affection 
'  and  Efteem,  and  defire  the  intended  A6t  of  Union 
'  may  be  profecuted,  and  their  Taxes  made  propor- 

*  tionable  to  thofe  in  England,  for  which  I  am  en- 

*  gaged,  by  Promife,  to  be  an  humble  Suitor  to  you. 

*  And  truly,  Sir,  I  muft  afk  Leave  to  entreat  you  to 

*  make  a  fpeedy  Provifion  for  their  Civil  Govern- 
'  ment,   of  which  they  have  been  deftitute  near  a 

*  Year,  to  the  Ruin  of  many  Families :  And  ex- 

*  cept  Commiffioners  for  Management  of  the  Go- 
«  vernment,  and  Judges  to  fit  in  Courts  of  Judica- 

*  ture,  be  fpeedily  appointed,  that  Country  will  be 
c  very  miferable.     I  directed  Mr.  Gumble  lately  to 
c  prefent  to  you  fome  Names,  both  of  Commiffion- 

*  ers  and  Judges  :  But  by  reafon  of  your  great  Af- 

*  fairs,  he  was  not  required  to  deliver  them  in  Wri- 

*  ting  to  you  ;  but  I  now  humbly  prefent  them  to 

*  your  Confideration.' 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         91 

On  the  yth  a  Bill  was  pafled,  intituled,  An  ad-  Inter-reguum. 
ditional  Aft  for  Sequejirations,  and  ordered  to  be        l659- 
printed  and  publifhed.     Ordered,  alfo,  '  That  the  ^  ~*~~  '^ 
Houfe  take  into  Consideration  the  Cafes   of  the 
Members  of  Parliament,  againft  whom  fome  Mat- 
ters are  objected,  on  the  loth  Inftant,  nothing  to 
intervene  :  And  that  Sir  John  Norcott^  Sir  Coplejlon 
Bampfield,  Sir  William  Courtney  ^  Sir  Richard 'Temple , 
and  Mr.  Henry  CheJIer,  be  fent  for  in  fafe  Cuftody 
by  the  Serjeant  at  Arms  attending  the  Parliament.* 

February  8.  Mr.  Love*  from  the  Co.uncil  of  State, 
informed  the  Houfe,  That  Col.  Lambert  either  is, 
or  lately  was,  fecretly  in  London ;  and  that  it  was 
the  Council's  Opinion  he  ftiould  be  fummoned  to 
appear  before  them,  and  give  good  Security  to  do 
nothing  to  the  Prejudice  of  the  Commonwealth, 
afterwards  to  retire  to  Holmby,  and  not  to  remove 
from  thence  without  Order  from  the  Parliament ; 
which  was  agreed  to,  and  a  Summons  ordered  to 
be  drawn  up  accordingly.  Lieutenant-General 
Ludlow  to  give  an  Account  to  the  Parliament  of  the 
Affairs  in  Ireland  on  that  Day  Se'nnight. 

February  9.  Mr.  Scott  gave  an  Account  to  the 
Parliament  of  fome  Refolutions  taken  by  the  Coun- 
cil of  State,  in  relation  to  the  City  of  London,  and 
the  Reafons  thereof ;  which  Refolutions  were  read 
as  follows  : 

'  That  Commiffioners  for  the  Government  of  the 
Army  do  appoint  Forces  to  be  and  continue  in  the 
City  of  London^  for  preferving  the  Peace  thereof, 
and  of  the  Commonwealth,  and  for  reducing  the 
City  to  the  Obedience  of  the  Parliament : 

'  That  it  be  referred  to  the  faid  Commiffioners  to 
confider  and  agree  of  the  Time  and  Manner  of  put- 
ting the  faid  Order  in  Execution  : 

'  That  the  faid  Commiffioners  do  take  Order, 
That  the  Pofts  and  Chains  in  the  City  of  London  be 
taken  away,  the  Gates  of  the  City  unhinged,  and 
the  Portcullices  thereof  wedged  in ;  and  that  they 
caufe  it  to  be  done  accordingly ;  and  fuch  as  fhall 
make  Refiftance  to  oppofe  them  by  Force : 


gz       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnuni.      '  That  tne  CommifEoners  for  the  Government  of 
*  1659.     '  the  Army  have  Power  to  apprehend  and  feize  any  of 
t— -v— ^    the  Nine  late  Officers,  who  were  ordered  by  the  Par- 
Ftbruary.     liament  to  leave  this  Town ;  or  any  other  dangerous 
Perfons,  who  have  been  in  Arms  againft  the  Parlia- 
ment and  Commonwealth : 

*  That  the  Perfons  hereafter  named  be  forthwith 
feized  and  apprehended,  viz.  Mr.  Vincent,  Mer- 
chant in  BiJhopgate-Jlreet ;  Thomas  Brown,  Grocer 
in  Wood-Jlreet ;  Daniel  Spencer,  in  Friday-Jlreet ; 
Lawrence  Bromfeild  and  Thomas  Fryar,  in  Tower- 
fir  eet  ;  Major  Chamberlayne ;  Richard  Forde,  in 
teething-lane ;  Major  Cox,  at  the  Swan  in  Dow- 
gate  ;  Alderman  Bludworth  ;  Mr.  Penning,  in  Fen- 
church-Jlreet ;  and  Lieut.  Col.  Jackfon :  And  that 
the  Commiffioners  for  Government  of  the  Army  do 
take  Order  that  the  fame  be  done  accordingly.' 

The  fame  Day  a  Letter  was  received  from  Ge- 
neral Monke,  which  was  read  as  follows : 

To  the  Right  Honourable  WILLIAM  LENTHALL, 
Speaker  to  the  Parliament  of  the  Commonwealth  of 
England  at  Weftminfter: 

Right  Honourable,  Guildhall,  Feb.  9,  1659. 

His  Letter  from*  TN  Qbedience  to  the  Commands  received  from 
the  City  to  the  t  I    the  Council  laft  Night,  I  marched  with  your 

*  Forces  into  the  City  this  Morning,  and  have  fe- 

*  cured  all  the  Perfons  except  two,  ordered  to  be  fe- 

*  cured,   which  two  were  not  to  be  found :    The 

*  Pofts  and  Chains  I  have  given  Orders  to  be  taken 

*  away,  but  have  hitherto  forborne  the  taking  down 

*  of  the  Gates  and  Portcullices,  becaufe  it  will,  in 

*  all  Likelihood,  exafperate  the  City ;  and  I  have 
'  good  Ground  of  Hopes  from  them  that  they  will 

*  levy  the  AfTefs ;  they  defiring  only  firft  to  meet  in 
4  Common  Council,  which  they  intend  to  do  To- 
c  morrow  Morning.    It  feems  probable  to  me,  that 
4  they  will  yield  Obedience  to  your  Commands,  and 
4  be  brought  to  a  friendly  Compliance  with  you ; 


Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        93 

s  for  which  Reafon  I  have  fufpended  the  Execution  Inter-regnuw. 

*  of  your  Commands  touching  the  Gates  and  Port-       ^59*     t 

*  cullices,  till  I  know  your  further  Pleafure  therein;     FT'~ 
«  which  I  defire  I  may  by  this  Bearer  :    I  (hall  only 

<  defire  that  (fo  your  Commands  may  be  anfwered 
'  with  due  Obedience)  fuch  Tendernefs  may  be  ufed 

*  towards  them,  as  may  gain  their  Affections :  They 

*  defired  the  Reftoration  of  thofe  Members  of  their 

*  Common  Council  that  are  fecured  ;  which  Defires 

*  of  theirs  I  (hall  only  commend  to  your  grave  Con- 

*  fideration,  to  do  therein  as  you  (hall  think  moft 
«  expedient ;  and,  in  Attendance  upon  your  further 

*  Commands,  remain 

Tour  maft  bumble  and  obedient  Servant, 


P.  S.  c  I  (hall  become  an  humble  Suiter  to  you, 
6  that  you  will  be  pleafed  to  haften  your  Qualifica- 

*  tions,  that  the  Writs  may  be  fent  out  j  I  can  allure 
6  you  it  will  tend  much  to  the  Peace  of  the  Country, 
6  and  fatisfy  many  honeft  Men.' 

Then  it  was  refolved,  *  That  the  Anfwer  to  this 
Letter  be,  To  fend  to  General  Monke  the  former 
Refolutions  of  the  Houfe,  That  the  Gates  of  the 
City  of  London^  and  the  Portcullices  thereof,  be 
forthwith  deftroyed  ;  and  that  he  be  ordered  to  put 
the  faid  Votes  in  Execution.'  Mr.  Scott ,  and  Mr. 
Puty,  jun.  to  carry  this  Meflage  to  the  General. 

Sir  Arthur  Hafilrlgge  reported  from  the  Council  of 
State  the  Opinion  of  the  faid  Council,  That  the 
Houfe  do  take  into  Confideration  the  prefent  Con- 
ftitution  of  the  Common  Council  of  the  City  of 
London:  And,  after  fome  Debate,  it  was  voted, 

*  That  the  prefent  Common  Council  for  the  City  of 
London^  elected  for  this  Year,  be  difcontinued,  and 
are   hereby  declared   null  and  void/     The  Lord 
Mayor  of  London  to  have  Notice  of  this ;  himfelf 
commended  by  the  Houfe  for  his  difcreet  Carriage; 
and  a  large  Committee  was  appointed  to  bring  in  an 


94       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

jater-regnum.  A&  for  the  Choice  of  another  Common  Council, 
1659.'       with  fuch  Qualifications  as  the  Parliament  Ibould 

*• — ^~*J    think  fit. 

February.  Qn  tke  other  Hand,  and  on  the  fame  Day,  the 
Houfe  being  informed  that  fome  Petitioners  were  at 
the  Door,  they  were  called  in  ;  and,  being  come  to 
the  Bar,  the  famous  Mr.  Praife-God  Barebone,  in 
the  Name  of  the  reft,  addrefling  him  felt  to  the 
Speaker,  faid,  We  are  come  to  wait  upon  this  Ho- 
nourable Houfe  with  a  Petition  from  fuch  as  are 
Lovers  of  the  Good  Old  Caufe.  The  Petitioners 
are  fuch  as  have  adhered  to  this  Parliament,  and 
fuch  as  are  Lovers  of  Juftice,  Righteoufnefs,  Free- 
dom, and  Lovers  of  a  Commonwealth,  accounting 
it  the  beft  Government.  There  are  many  Subicrip- 
tions,  I  may  fay  Thoufands,  and  in  their  Names  I 
do  humbly  prefent  it  to  you ;  and  thereupon  pie- 
fented  the  Petition;  who  being  withdrawn,  the  Pe- 
tition was  read,  and  was  as  folio weth  : 

To  the  PARLIAMENT  of  the  COMMONWEALTH  of 

The  REPRESENTATION  and  ADDRESS  of  the  well- 
ajfeSiedPerfons  Inhabitants  cftbe  Cities  of  London 
and  Weftminfter,  and  Places  adjacent,  being  faith- 
ful and  confront  Adherers  to  this  Parliament,  who 
are  refolved,  by  the  Ajfiftance  of  Almighty  God,  to 
Jland  by,  affert,  and  maintain  their  Authority, 
againft  all  Oppofers,  notwithstanding  the  prefent 
Confidence  and  bold  Attempts  of  the  Promoters  of 
Regal  Intereft,  by  the  declared  Enemies  of  their 
Caufe  and  Authority, 

An  Ad.hefs  to  '  "\  T  7*Hereas  the  Good  Old  Caufe  was  for  Civil 

them  from  the  c    VV     a°d  Chriftian  Liberty,  againft  Oppreilion 

Sectaries  in  the  «  an(j  Perfection  :  The  Oppreflbrs  and  Perfecutors 

6  were,  chiefly,  the  King,  his  Lords  and  Clergy,  and 

'  their  Adherents ;  who,  to  effect  their  Defigns, 

c  raifed  War  againft  the  Parliament. 

*  Whereupon  the  Parliament,  in  Defence  of  Civil 
«  and  Chriftian  Liberty,  call  the  Opprefled  and  Per- 
«  fecuted  to  their  Aid ;  by  whofe  Afliftance  the 

«  Op- 

cy*   ENGLAND.        95 

6  Oppreflbrs  and  Perfecutors  have  been  fubdued,  Intw-regnumi 

'  Kingfhip  and  Peerage  abolifhed,  and  Perfecution  l659- 

*  check' d  ;  by  which  the  Number  of  confcientious  FT* -^ 
'  Friends  to  the  Parliament  have  been  fo  exceed- 

e  ingly  increafed,  that  they  are  now,  by  God's  Af- 

*  fiftance,  in  a  far  more  able  Capacity  of  keeping 

*  down  their  Enemies,  than  they  were  in  thofe 

*  Times  when  they  fubdued  them. 

<  Neverthelefs,  fo  watchful  hath  the  reftlefs  Ene- 
c  my  been  to  make  Advantage,  that  what,  Time 

*  after  Time,  he  hath  loft  in  the  Field,  he  hath  en- 
«  deavoured   to   regain   even   in   the   Parliament's 
'  Council;  where,  becaufe  they  had  not  the  Face 
4  openly  to  bring  in  the  King,  with  the  former 
'  Oppreflions  and  Perfecutions,  they  fhrouded  and 
«  veiled   themfelves,   one  while  under   a  Perfonal 
e  Treaty,  another  while   under  a  Cloak  of  Zeal 

*  againft  Blafphemy  and  Herefy,  their  Endeavours 

*  being  to  bring  in  the  King  upon  any  Terms ;  to 
c  cherifh  the  perfecuting  Party,  and  to  brow-beat 
<  their  moft  confcientious  Oppofers. 

'  Upon  which  Pretences,  neverthelefs,  they  have, 

*  through  Tract  of  Time  and  the  Unfettlednefs  of 
«  Government,  prevailed  fo  far  as,  under  the  Notion 

*  of  a  moderate  Party,  to  get  the  fubtilleft  of  their 

*  Friends  into  many  Places  of  Truft  and  Command, 

*  both  Civil  and  Military ;  through  whofe  Counte- 

*  nance  and  Encouragement,  albeit  the  Parliament, 

*  ilpon  good  Grounds,  voted  the  Government  by 

*  Kings  and  Lords  ufelefs,  burdenfome,  and  dan- 

*  gerous,  and  declare  very  largely  for  Liberty  of 
«  Confcience ;  yet  of  late  a  general  Boldnefs  hath 

*  been  taken  to  plead  a  NeceiTity  of  returning  to  the 
c  Government  of  King  and  Lords,  a  taking  in  of 

*  the  King's  Son ;  or,  which  is  all  one,  for  a  Re- 

*  turn  of  the  juftly-fecluded  Members,  or  a  Free 

*  Parliament,  without  due  Qualifications  ;  whereby 
e  the  Good  Old  Caufe  of  Liberty  and  Freedom  (fo 
c  long  contended  for  againft  Regal  Intereft,  with  the 
e  Expence  of  much  Blood  and  Treafure)  and  the 

*  Aflertors  thereof,  will  be  proftituted  to  fatisfy  the 

*  Lufts  of  the  Enemies  of  the  Commonwealth ; 

'  wherein 

96       7&>  Parlkunmtnry  HIST&KY 

loter-regnum.  c  wherein  they  have  prevailed  fo  far,  that,  unlefs  all 

l6S9-        «  confcientious  Perfons  in  Parliament,  Army,  Navyj 

*T?V~<"""'    '  and  Commonwealth,  do  fpeedily  unite  and  watch-' 

tuary*     «  fully  look  about  them,  as  the  Sword  will  certainly  * 

*  though  fecretly  and  filently,  be  ftolen  out  of  their 

*  Hands  j  fo  alfo  will  they  find  all  Civil  Authority 
«  fall  fuddenly  into  the  Hands  of  their  enraged  Ene- 
«  mies,  and  a  Return  of  all  thofe  Violences,  Op- 

*  preffions,  and  Perfections,   which  have  coft  fo 

*  much  Blood  and  Treafure  to  extirpate. 

*  The  ferious  Apprehenfions  whereof  hath  ftirred 

*  up  your  cordial  Friends  to  defire  you  to  ufe  all  pof- 

*  fible  Endeavours  to  prevent  the  Commonwealth's 
'  Adverfaries  in  this  their  moft  dangerous  Strata- 
'  gem  ;  and,  as  the  moft  effectual  Means  thereunto* 

*  we  pray, 

1.  «  That  you  will  admit  no  Perfon  or  Perfons  to 

*  fit  or  vote  in  this,  or  any  future  Parliament,  or 

*  Council  of  State,  or  to  be  in  any  Office  or  Judi- 

*  catory,   or   any  public  Truft  in  the  Common- 

*  wealth,  or  Command  in  the  Army,  Navy,  or  Gar- 

*  rifons,  or  to  be  a  public  Preacher  to  the  People  at 

*  Sea  or  Land,  or  any  Inftruclor  of  Youth,  except 
'  fuch  only  as  {hall  abjure,  or,  by  folemn  Engage- 
'  ment,  renounce,  the  pretended  Title  or  Titles  of 

*  Charles  Stuart,  and  the  whole  Line  of  the  late  King 
'  James;  and  of  every  other  Perfon,  as  a  Single 

*  Perfon,  pretending,  or  which  {hall  pretend,  to  the 

*  Crown  or  Government  of  thefe  Nations  of  Eng- 
'  land,  Scotland,  and  Ireland,  or  any  of  them,  and 
'  the  Dominions  and  Territories  belonging  to  them, 

*  or   any  of  them ;  or   any  other  Single  Perfon, 

*  Kingfliip,    Peerage,    or  any  Power   co-ordinate 

*  with  the  People's  Reprefentatiyes  in  Parliament : 

*  And  all  coercive  Power  in  Matter  of  Religion, 

*  according  to  a  Vote  of  a  Grand  Committee  of  this 
'  Parliament  of  the  nth  of  September,  1659. 

2.  *  We  further  pray  that  it  may  be  enacled, 

*  That  whofoever  fhall  move,  offer,  or  propound  in 

*  Parliament,  Council,  or  any  other  Court  or  public 
'  Meeting,  any  Matter  or  Thing,  in  order  to  the 

*  introducing  of  Charles  Stuart,  or  any  of  that  Fa- 

« roily 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        97 

€  mily  as  aforefaid,  or  any  other  Single  Perfon,  jnter-regn 

*  Houfe  of  Lords,  coercive  Power  in  Matters  of       1659. 
'  Religion,   or   any  Power   co-ordinate   with    the 

'  People's  Reprefentatives  in  Parliament,  may  be     Fcbrun 

*  deemed  and  adjudged  guilty  of  High  Treafon,  and 

*  may  fuffer  the  Pains  and  Penalties  thereof:  And 
4  that  whofoever  (hall,  in  Parliament,  Council,  or 
'  any  other  public  Court  or  Meeting,  move  for  or 

*  propoie  the  Revocation  of  this  Law,  when  by  you 
'  enacted,   may  be   deemed   and  judged   guilty  of 

*  High  Treafon,  and  fuffer  the  Pains  and  Penalties 
«  thereof. 

'  In  the  Profecution  whereof  we  fhall  ftand  by  you 

*  with  our  Eftates  and  Lives,  to  aflert  and  maintain 
'  your  Authority  againft  all  Oppofitions  whatfoever, 
'  notwithftanding  the  prefent  Confidence  and  bold 

*  Attempts  of  yours  and  our  Enemies. 

Signed  ly,  &cS 

Then  it  was  refolved,  *  That  the  Petitioners  have 
the  Thanks  of  the  Houie  for  the  Expreflion  of  their 
good  Affections  to  the  Parliament.' 

The  Petitioners  being  again  call'd  in,  Mr.  Speaker 
gave  them  this  Anfwer  : 

Gentlemen^  '  The  Houfe  have  read  your  Petition, 
and  they  do  find  that  you  have  been  fuch  as  have 
conftantly  borne  them  good  Affections,  and  that 
your  Affections  are  the  fame  ftill ;  and,  for  the 
ExprefHons  of  your  good  Affections,  the  Houfe 
hath  commanded  me  to  give  you  Thanks,  and,  in 
their  Names,  I  do  give  you  Thanks  accordingly/ 

February  10.  Ten  Pounds  a  Day  ordered  by  the 
Houfe  to  be  granted  and  allowed  to  General  George 
Monke,  to  commence  from  his  coming  into  England 
out  of  Scotland,  to  continue  till  this  Parliament  take 
further  Order.  Alfo  all  the  Forces,  both  Horfe  and 
Foot,  now  in  Town,  were  ordered  a  Month's  Pay; 
the  Commiffioners  of  the  Army  to  take  Care  for  the 
Payment  thereof. 

VQL,  XXII.  G  February 

98       1%e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Intcr-regnum.       February  II.  A  Letter  from  Gen.  Monte,  and 
j659-        the  Officers  under  his  Command,  dated  from  White* 
^r""^'""— '    batt9  February  II,  1659,  was  read  as  follows: 

Mr.  Speaker, 

Another  Letter «  T  T  TE  cannot  but  with  Thankfulnefs  acknow- 
JromGen.Afarirc     yy     j  d      the  won(jerful  Goodnefs  of  God  to 

and  his  Army  to  '.  °  „  r\- r  i. 

the  Parliament.  '  you,  in  your  Return  to  the  Difcharge  of  your  re- 

*  maining  Truftj  and  your  Forces  under  our  Com- 
'  rnands  (after  fome  Difficulties)  in  bringing  of  us 
'  by  a  tedious  March  in  fuch  Safety  to  this  Place,  to 
t  wait  upon  you  in  aflerting  the  Freedoms  of  our 

*  native  Country:    And  being  here  (as  we  have  to 
'  our  utmoft  Hazard  and  Power  been  inilru  mental 

*  in  your  Return)  fo  we  (hall  be  ftill  ready  to  purfue 

*  your  Commands  fo  far  as  poffible  we  may. 

'  To  evidence  which,  we  have  obferved  and  ex- 

*  ecuted  your  late  Orders  in  relation  to  the  Chains, 

*  Pofts,  and  Gates  of  the  City ;  which  was  fome- 
'  thing  grievous  to  us,  and  to  the  Officers  and  Sol- 

*  diers  under  our  Commands  ;   and  that  becaufe  we 
'  do  not  remember  any  fuch  Thing  that  was  a£ed 

*  upon  this  City  in  all   thefe  Wars;    and  we  fear 

*  that  many  fober  People  are  much  grieved  at  it,  and 

*  apprehend   further  Force  to  be  offered  to  them, 

*  while  they  feem  principally  to  defire  the  fpeedy  fil- 

*  ling  up  of  the  Houfe,  which  you  have  declared  for, 

*  as  well  as  we  have  exprefled  our  juft  Defires  of; 

*  and  are  apt  to  doubt,  left  what  we  have  done  may 

*  be  fo  far  from  anfwering  the  expected  End,  as  that 
<  it  may  increafe  the  Difcompofure  of  Men's  Spirits 

*  in  the  Nation. 

«  Upon  this  Occafion,  it  comes  frefli  into  our 
«  Minds,  that  when,  by  the  Treachery  of  fome  Of- 

*  ficers  of  the  Army,  you  were  interrupted,  we  de- 

*  clared  to  the  World,  That  the  Ground  of  our  UK- 
«  der taking  was  not  only  your  Return  to  your  Trufl^ 

*  but  alfo   the   Vindication   of  the  Liberties  of  the 

*  People,  and  the  Preferuation  of  the  Right  of  our 

*  Country,  the  Protection  and  Encouragement  of  the 
«  Godly  and  Faithful  therein,  as  the  EJlablijbment  of 

*  the  Peace  of  thefe  Nations ;  which  Declarations 


Of  ENGLAND.       99 

*  made  before  the  Lord,  Angels,  and  Men,  in  the  later-regnuaj. 
'  Day  of  our  Extremity,  we  (as  we  expeft  the  Blef-        l659- 

4  fing  of  the  Lord  upon  cur  future  Undertakings)    Vtr7v*"1^ 
4  cannot  but  ftill  own  and  ftand  by. 

'  We  find  that  the  aflerting  of  the  juft  Liberties 
'  of  the  People,  is  that  which  the  Generality  of  the 

*  Nation  is  much  in  Expectation  of;  and  that  o»a» 

*  ny  fober  People,  together  with  ourfelves,  are  un- 

*  der  Fears,  Jeft  this  great  Price  that  God  hath  put 
'  into  your  and  our  Hands,  as  your  Servants,  fljould 
4  not  be  improved,  but  that  we  ibaJJ  rim  into  Con- 

*  fufion  again. 

*  Therefore  we  humbly  crave  Leave  to  prefenc 

*  before  you  fome  Grounds  of  our  Fears  :  We  are 

*  afraid  that  the  late  wonderful  and  unparalleled 

*  Deliverance,  is  not  fo  publickly  and  folemnly  ac- 

*  Jcnowledged  as  it  might  be,  that  the  Lord,  who 

*  wrought  fo  flupenduoufly,  may  have  the  GJory  of 

*  all :  We  are  troubled  that  fome,  as  yet,  do  fit  in  the 

*  Houfe,  who  are  impeached  of  Treafon :  We  can- 

*  not  but  obferve  that  divers  Members  «f  your  Houfe 

*  (who,  contrary  to  their  Truft,  a&ed  in  that  iJJe- 

*  gal  and  tyrannical  Committee  of  Safety)  are  not 
4  actually  difabled  from  fitting  there ;  notwitbftand- 

*  ing  Col.  Lambert  hath  only  the  Vote  of  Indemnity 
'  to  fecure  him  from  as  high  Crimes  as  have  been 

*  committed  in  this  Nation,  and  is  not  obedient  to 
'  your  Orders,  yet  he  feemeth  to  be  winked  at. 

'  We  underftand  that  Sir  Htnry  Vane,  upon  bare 

*  Pretence,  is  permitted  to  ftay  about  the  City,  to 

*  the  great  Diflatisfaclion  of  your  beft  Friends  j  that 
4  there  are  dangerous  Confutations,  and  that  of 

*  thofe  who  had  a  chief  Hand  in  your  late  Interrup- 

*  tion,  and  the  hazarding  of  the  whole  Nations, 
4  contrary  to  our  Expectation. 

*  We  find  continued  in  the  Army  fome  Perfons 
4  6/ dangerous  Principles,  and  fuch  who  were  active 
4  enough  in  the  late  Defection. 

*  Though  we  are  far  from  wifhing  the  Ruin  cf 
'  any,  yet  we  could  defire  that  your  fignal  Jndul- 

*  gence  to  late  notorious  Offenders,  did  meet  with 
'  that  candid  Reception  from  them,  as  to  be  fo  much 

G  2  *the 

loo       *!7j£  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

fnter-regnum.  '  the  more  ingenuous  in  their  profefTed  Repentance : 

1659'.       <  But  we  obferve  that  many  of  them  do  feek  to 

*""" "V"*— '    «  juftify  themfelves,  and  are  not  without  their  Agents 

°ary*     *  in  Print  to  palliate  their  foul  Enormities  ;    which 

c  maketh  us  yet  to  fufpecl:,  that  we  are  in  fome 

s  Danger  of  returning  into  the  late  Diftempers,  that 

*  you  and  the  Nation  are  but  newly  delivered  from. 
"  '  We  are  not  ignorant,  that  there  are  thofe  who 

*  lately  ftruck  at  the  Root  of  Englifn  Parliaments,  in 

*  Practice  and  Defign,  thereby  having  inflamed  the 
fr  Nation,    and  given  great  Advantage  to  the  com- 

*  mon  Enemy  ;  yet  they  are  not  without  a  ftrange 

*  Confidence  to  precipitate  Men  into  a  Belief,  that 

*  they  are- not  the  only  Perfons  againft  the  one,  and 
4  for  the  other. 

•   '  With  Grief  of  Heart  we  do  remember,  and 

*  would  lament  over  the  too-palpable  Breach  of 

*  Engagements  in  this  Nation  ;  therefore  we  mould 

*  think  it  a  Duty  rather  to  mourn  over  the  fame, 
*•  than  to  promote  any  new  Oath  to  be  taken  at  this 

*  Time.     Yet  we  perceive  that  there  is  a  Defign  to 

*  provoke  the  Parliament  to  enforce  an  Oath  upon 
f  the  Nation,  and  to  take  Notice  that,  amongft 
*"  others,  there  are  fome,  who  are  moft  forward  to 

*  promote  the  faid  Defign,  who  have  made  the  lead 
'  (if  any)  Confcience  in  keeping  Engagements  al- 
'  ready  taken. 

«  Here  we  muft  not  filence  our  deep  Refentment 

*  of  a  bold  Petition,  and  of  dangerous  Confequence, 
«  which  was  lately  prefented  to  you,  the  Confe- 

*  quence  whereof  (if  you  Ihould  anfwer  their  De- 
'  fires)  would  be  to  exclude  many  of  the  moft  con- 

*  fcientious  and   fober  Sort  of  Men  from  ferving 
«  under  you  in  Civil  and  Military  Employments, 
'  who  have  and  would  prove  themfelves  moft  faith - 

*  ful,  and  a  Door  would  be  opened  in  Defign  to 
«  retrieve  the  Intereft  of  thofe  who  have,  by  the  juft 
'  Hand  of  our  gracious  God,  made  themfelves  Co 

*  apparently  obnoxious. 

4  Moreover  (which  is  not  the  leaft  Part  of  the 

*  Venom  of  that  Petition)    we  clearly  fee  the  fame 

*  Spirit,  which  of  late  would  have  putl'd  away  the 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        jpi 

C  (ty  you  declared  juft)  Maintenance  from  Minifters,  Inter-regnwnr 
<•  would  now  provoke  you  by  an  Oath  to  endanger        l659- 
4  the  forcing  away  of  many  of  the  moft  Godly  from. 
4  their  Maintenance. 

4  In  urging  our  Fears  from  the  Premifes  that 

*  concerns  fome  of  different  Principles  from  us,  we 

*  would  not  be  thought  (as  we  do  not)  to  defjgn,. 
'any  thing  that  may  incur  the.Cenfure  of  unjuffc 
'  Rigidity. 

*  We  freely  profefs  our  Defires,  that  Tendernefs 
'  of  Confcience  may  have  its  full  juft  Liberty,  but 
4  we  cannot,  in  Judgment,  account  that  Tender- 
c  nefs  of  Confcience  which  will  not  fcruple  at  Trea-. 

*  chery  itfelf,  or  any  Unrighteoufnefs  to  carry  oru 
'  corrupt  Defigns. 

4  Having  prefented  you^with  our  Fears,  we  fliarL 
4  add  our  Refolutions,  That,  by  the  Help  of  God,.- 
6  we  (hall  ftand  by  you  in  the  Purfuance  of  what  we  > 
'  have  declared  for,  and  therefore  do  make  this  hum-  > 
4  ble  Requeft  to  you  :  We  could  defire  that,  whilft 
6  you  fit,  your  utmoft  Endeavours  may  be  to  mani- 
'  feft  your  affedlionate  Defires  for  the  public  Good .-. 
'  of  thefe  Nations :    Our  further  Defire  is,  That 
4  thofe  Regiments  under  your  Confideration  (whofe* 
c  Officers  are  not  named)  may  be  fpeedily  pafs'd.     5 

4  And  in  regard  we  find,  that  the  grand  Caufe  of. 
c  the  prefent  Heats  and  Diffatisfa&ions  in  the  Na-.. 
'  tion  is,  becaufe  they  are  not  fully  reprefented  hi. 
'  Parliament ;  and  feeing  no  other  probable  Expe-.. 

*  dient  whereby  to  keep  the  Nation  in  Peace,  than . 
'  by  filling  up  your  Number ;  we  muft  therefore 

*  make  this  our  main  Defire,  upon  which  we  can- 
4  not  but  infift,  That  you  would  proceed  to  iflue 
'  forth  Writs  in  order  to  Elections  ;  for  the  better 
'  efFecling  whereof  we  entreat,  that  you  would  con-. 
4  elude  upon  due  and  full  Qualifications,  that  not 
4  only  thofe  who  have  been  actually  in  Arms  againft 

*  the  Parliament  may  be  excluded,  but  alfo  fuch, 

*  who,  in  the  late  Wars  betwixt  King  and  Parlia-. 
4  ment,  have  declared  their  Difaffedion  to  the  Par-  , 
6  liament.     And  becaufe  the  diftra&ed  Condition  of 

G  3  this: 

102       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter. wpiajD. '  this  Nation  is,  at  this  Hour,  fo  evident  and  pref» 

1659.       *  £mg,  we  are  conftrained,  for  the  juft  Maintenance 

*-_T*     ^  '  of  your  Authority,  and  the  Satisfaction  of  all  true 

raary.     4  £ngi,Jhmen,  earneftly  to  defire,  that  all  the  Writs 

«  may  be  iffued  forth  by  Friday  next,  returnable  at 

«  the  ufuaJ  and  legal  Time  ;  for  we  think  it  conve- 

*  nient  to  acquaint  you,  that,  to  pacify  the  Minds  of 

*  this  great  City,  in  the  Profecution  of  your  late 
c  Command,  the  Chief  of  us  did  give  an  Affurance 

*  thereof. 

*  And  we  muft  not  forget  to  remember  you,  that 

*  the  Time  haftens  wherein  you  have  declared  your 
«  intended  Diffolution  ;  which  the  People  and  our* 
6  felves  defire  you  would  be  punctual  in. 

'  Hereby  the  Sufpicion  of  your  Perpetuation  will 
c  be  taken  away,  and  the  People  will  have  AiTurance 

*  that  they  (hall  have  a  Succefiion  of  Parliaments  of 

*  their  own  Election  ;  which  is  the  undoubted  Right 

*  of  the  Englijh  Nation. 

*  You  have  promifed  and  declared  no  lefs  ;  both 

*  the  People  and  your  Armies  do  live  in  the  Hope 

*  and  Expectation  of  it. 

c  That  we  may  the  better  wait  for  your  full  and 

*  free  Concurrence  to  thefe  juft  Defires  on  the  Na- 

*  tion's  Behalf,  upon  mature  Deliberation  we  have 
c  thought  it  our  Duty  as  to  Continue   the   ufual 

*  Guards  for  the  Safety  of  your  fitting,  fo  for  the  pre- 

*  ient  to  draw  the  reft  of  the  Forces  under  our  Com- 

*  mand  into  the  City,  that  we  may  have  the  better 

*  Opportunity  to  compofe  Spirits,  and  beget  a  good 

*  Underftznding  in  that  great  City,   formerly  re- 
c  nowned  for  their  refoJute  adhering  to  Parh'amen- 

*  tarv  Authority  ;  and  we  hope  that  the  fame  Spirit 

*  will  be  found  ftill  to  breathe  amongft  the  beft, 
«  moft  considerable,  and  interefted  Perfons  there. 

4  This  A&ion  of  ours,  as  we  hope  it  will  receive 
c  your  favourable  Interpretation,  fo  we  do  believe  it 
«  will,  thro'  the  Blefling  of  God,  be  of  good  Ufe 

*  for  the  prefent  Peace  and  future  Settlement  of 
c  thefe  Nations. 

*  Thefe  are  our  Thoughts  which  we  communi- 

*  cated  to  you,  in  the  Names  of  ourfelves,  and  the 

« Officers 


,     \ 



Of     ENGLAND.       103 

c  Officers  and  Soldiers  under  our  Commands.     We  inter-regnum. 
Tour  Honour's  moft  humble  Servants^  v^—v—  ^J 

GEORGE  MONKE.      febiuary' 

TRO.  RANDERS,         THO.  READ, 



ETHELBERT  MORGAN,  Lieutenant-Colonel^ 
THO.  JOHNSON,         FRA.  NICHOLS,    ^Majors. 

Upon  the  reading  of  this  Letter  the  Honfe  refol- 
ved,  '  That  the  Thanks  of  this  Houfe  be  given  unto 
Gen.  Monke  for  his  faithful  Service  in  fecuring  the 
City  ;  and  that  as  to  filling  up  of  the  Houfe,  the 
Parliament  were  upon  the  Qualifications  before  the 
Deceit  of  the  faid  Letter  j  and  the  fame  will  be 
difpatch'd  in  due  Time.' 

The  Houfe  met  again  in  the  Afternoon  of  this 
Day,  and  firft  ordered  Candles  to  be  brought  in  ; 
then  a  Queftion  being  propofed,  That  the  Parlia- 
ment do  now  proceed  in  fettling  the  Commiffion- 
ers  for  Government  of  the  Army  ;  and  the  Que- 
ftion being  put,  That  this  Queftion  be  now  put, 
the  Houfe  divided,  and  it  was  carried  in  the  Affir- 
mative, 35  againft  16  ;  Sir  Arthur  Haftlrigge  and 
Col.  Martin  Tellers  for  the  Yeas,  and  Mr.  Raleigh 
with  Col.  Lenthall  for  the  Noes.     The  main  Que- 
ftion was  carried  without  any  Divifion  ;  and  then 
the  Houfe  proceeded  in  fettling  the  Government  of 
the  Army  by  Commiffioners.     The  Houfe,  after 
fome  Debate,  agreed.  That  the  Number  of  thefe 
Commiffioners  (hould  be  five  j  of  which  General 
Monke,  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge,  Col.  Morley,    and 
Col.  Walton  were  to  be  four  of  them  ;  but  trie  Qu«- 
ftion  being  propofed,  That  Sir  Anthony  AJhley  Cooper 
be  another  of  thefe  Commiffioners,  the  Houfe  di- 
vided  again,  when  it  went  in  the  Negative,  30 
againft  15,  and  Col.  Matthew  Alured  was  voted  in 


IO4       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Jnter-regnum.  It  was  then  propofed,  That  the  £>uo- 
l6S9-  rum  of  thefe  Commiflioners  ihould  be  three,  which 
reed  to  :  But  another  Queftion  being  put, 
en.  Mauke  fhould  be  one  of  thefe  three,  it 
pafled  in  the  Negative  without  any  Divifion.  Re- 
folved,  alfo,  That  the  Time  for  Continuance  of  the 
Powers  of  the  Commiflioners  fhould  be  during  the 
Pleafure  of  Parliament ;  and  that  the  Word  Ireland 
be  added  after  the  Word  Scotland  in  the  A<St.  Lajlly^ 
the  Act  for  conftituting  Commiflioners,  &c.  fo 
amended,  being  put  to  the  Queftion,  pafled,  and 
Was  ordered  to  be  forthwith  printed  and  publifhed. 

We  have  now  brought  the  Journals  of  this  Par- 
liament to  a  Crifis,  not  to  be  pafled  over  without 
a  clearer  Explanation  of  thefe  Events  than  can  be 
expected  from  thofe  Authorities  which  we  have 
hitherto  given  in  this  Month,  without  any  Annota- 
tions upon  them.  But  being  come  now,  as  we  fay, 
to  a  Period,  when  the  General  pulled  off  his  Puri-- 
tanical  Mafk,  and  declared  openly  for  a  Free  Par- 
liament, which  the  univerfal  Turn  of  the  Times 
made  very  apparent,  lefs  than  declaring  for 
the  King ;  it  is  neceflary  to  confult  the  contempo- 
rary Writers,  in  order  to  trace  out  every  Step  which 
lead  to  this  almoft-miraculcus  Revolution.  Amongft 
thefe  Authors,  Dr.  Prife^  whom  we  have  fo  often 
quoted  before,  may  be  very  well  fuppofed  the  molt 
particular  ;  fince,  as  Chaplain  and  Confident  to  the 
General,  he  faw  all  the  Turns  and  Windings  that 
brought  on  this  great  Event.  We  fhall  purfuc 
this  Reverend  Writer,  therefore,  from  where  we  left 
him  laft,  with,  his  Maftcr  hearing  Hugh  Peters  cant 
a.t  tlatfieldy  and  give  an  Abftract  from  him  of  their 
IVIarch  mto  ftfflffet  and  all  the  Confequences,  up 
to  our  prefent  Period  in  the  Journals. 

Contemporary        Tne  Dodor  tefls  us,^<  That,  oh.  the  fecond  of 

Hiftcrians  on     Felruaryy  the  General  moved  with  an  eafy  March 

thd"e  Timns'     toBarnet,  where  his  troublefome  Companions,  Scott 

frici.          '    w&fy.binfon,  .left, him  j,..fp  that  here  the  General 

had  npije  in  his  Qjjarters  but  ,his  own  Domeftics. 

Much  B.ufmqfs  was  nqw  difpatched _;  and  Orders. 


Of   E  NT.G  L  A  N  D.         105 

given  to  the  Soldiery  to  demean  themfelves  civilly,  Inter-regpum. 
and  pay  for  their  Quarters  when  they  came  to  Lon- 
dfotf,  the  General's  Money  which  he  had  brought 
from  Scotland  with  him  ftill  holding  out.  That  the 
Night  before  Scott  left  them,  he  came  to  the  Gene- 
ral in  a  dreadful  Alarm,  feemingly,  and  told  him 
he  had  receiv'd  Notice,  That  the  Forces  who  were 
to  march  out  of  'London  had  mutinied,  and  it  was  to 
be  feared  they  would  join  with  the  'Prentices  there, 
and  declare  for  a  Free  Parliament.  He  therefore 
defired,  or  rather  required,  the  General  to  marcft 
his  Troops  immediately  into  London  to  'prevent  them. 
To  which  the  General  coolly  nnfwered,  /  zvill  un- 
dertake for  this  Night's  Dijlurbdnce^  and  be  in  earfy 
enough  in  the  Morning  to  prevent  any  Mi f chief.  This 
was  looked  upon  as  an  Artifice  of  S'cott's,  if  'he 
could  have  drawn  on  the  (3enefalx  in  order  to  mix 
the  Soldiers 'of  both  Armies  together,  'that  fhe$ 
rtight  be  the  Ids  athis  Devotiori:^^'^^-  ™ 

The  next  Day  they  marched^ towards  London*, 
and  at  High'gate  the  General"  cfrew  up  all  his  Forces^ 
confiding  only  of  5800  Men,  Horfe  and  Foot-; 
They  entered  the  Town  at  Grafs- Inn-Lane  ^  ancL 
in  their  March 'towards  Whitehall,  met  the  Speaker 
in  the  Stran'd^4  'coming  from  the'Ffbtife  in  his  Stat^ 
Coach.  ThcGeneral  alighted,  aii'd  complimented^ 
in  his  Soldier's  Manner,  this  Representative  of  So-' 
vereignty  ;  he  aftef\Yards  'W6nt  to  IVhitehall^  ghd 
had  the  Prince's  Lodgings  for  his  own'Apartments^ 
the  reft  of  his  Family  were  difpofed  of  in  that  Palace. 
This  happened  on  a  Saturday,  February . ' v'3.,'^an<I 
they  refted  on  Sunday  very  quietlj^/ 

'-Our  Author  next  proceeds  to  tell, us,  «  That  iu 
was  on  Monday  tlie  General  faw  the  Face  of  h\\ 
Mafters  in  the  Houfe,  received  folemn  Thank'? 
from  them -by  their  Speaker,,  and  returned  his  "ta 
them  ;  but  becaufe  he  took  updn  him  to  mirtd  tlierh 
of  fome  Things  which  he  judgdcl  were  for  the  pubKc 
Good,  it  was'  not  wellreiifhed  by  iome,  and  parti- 
cularly by  Scott  and  Robin/an;  they  reflecting  up- 
on' Him  as  if  he  fought  to  impofe  his  own  Senfe  of 


l o6      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

IflteMcgnum,  Things  upon  the  Houfe  j  yet  this  was  pafs'd  over, 
|659«       they  being  content  to  impute  it  to  his  Affe&ion  for 
VTTV^*'    their  Service,  rather  than  to  any  Diftafte  he  had  of 
mary.     ^.^  p^gjg^j.      Thus,  having  been  firft  nomi- 
nated one  of  their  new-molded  Council  of  State,  he 
was  invited  to  take  his  Place  among  them  :  But 
then  every  Counfellor  of  State  was,  by  Order  of 
Parliament,  to  renounce  the  Title  and  Pretences  of 
Charles  Stuart^    and  all  the  Defcendants  of  the  Li- 
neage of  King  James  ;  nay,  and  of  all  other  Single 
Perfons  who  ihould  pretend  to  the  Government  of 
thefe  Nations.     All  this  was  to  be  done  too  by  the 
Solemnity  of  an  Oath. 

'  This  had  been  propounded  to  him  before,  by 
thofe  who  had  argued  to  this  £ffe&,  for  the  Necef- 
lity  of  it :  That  it  was  high  Time  for  them  to  dif- 
criminate  their  own  Party,  that  at  laft  they  might 
come  to  know  whom  they  could  truft ;  it  being 
now  found  that  there  had  been  a  great  Defection, 
even  among  themfelves.  The  General  was  not 
Unprovided  of  an  Anfwer,  and  fo  craves  Leave  to 
demur}  adding,  that  he  had  not  feen  any  Good 
Come  of  their  promiflary  Oaths,  thofe  who  took 
rhem  making  no  Scruple  to  break  them.  He  in- 
ftanced  in  the  Covenant  and  Engagement ;  and  fug- 
gefted  that  feven,  befides  himfelf,  who  were  nomi- 
nated to  be  of  the  Council  of  State,  had  not  yet 
abjured;  befides,  that  he  did  not  know  how  it 
would  relifh  with  his  Army,  who  were  very  tender 
in  that  Point.  And,  indeed,  I  knew  fome  of  them, 
who,  tho'  no  Friends  to  Monarchy,  yet  had  taken 
up  a  Notion,  that  it  was  not  lawful  to'fwear  againft 
the  Providence  of  God.  But,  that  they  fhould  fee 
that  they  had  no  Reafon  to  fufpedl  him  or  his  Ar- 
my, he  defired  that  they  would  make  Trial  of  his 
and  their  Fidelity  and  Obedience  to  them  ;  and  if 
they  found  that  he  either  difobeyed  or  difputed  their 
Orders,  he  was  then  in  their  Power ;  for  he  brought 
not  an  Army  with  him  to  make  them  jealous  of 
him  ;  having  fent  back  a  great  Part  of  it,  after  he 
underftood  to  they  were  eftablifhed  in  their  Power. 


Cy   ENGLAND       107 

«  Hitherto  his  A&ions  had  not  been  fuch  as,  in 
the  Jeaft  Degree,  to  make  the  Parliament  or  Coun- 
cil  of  State  dirtruftful  of  him  ;  nay,  they  were  ra- 
thcr  fuch  as  ought  to  have  produced  a  good  Opinion 
of  his  Conftancy  to  them,  not  only  by  his  fending  a 
great  Part  of  his  Army  back,  after  they  were  refto- 
red,  but  alfo  by  contending  fo  eagerly  for  them  } 
for  when  a  Treaty  between  both  Armies  was  firft 
propounded,  and  the  Articles  of  it  were  debated  in 
Scotland^  it  was  with  great  Difficulty  that  he  yielded 
to  the  Calling  of  another  Parliament ;  and  when  he 
did,  he  recommended  this  his  Condefcenfion  to  his 
Commiflioners,  as  the  great  Secret  of  their  Truft, 
charging  them  to  try  all  Ways  for  an  Accommoda- 
tion, before  that  (hould  be  difcovered  }  nay,  and 
broke  the  Agreement  too,  as  much  for  this  Reafbn 
as  any  other,  and  removed  Col.  Wilkes  from  hit 
Command,  becaufe  he  difclofed  this  Inftru&ion  un- 
neceflarily  ;  he  refolutely  adhering  to  the  Parliament 
of  the  Eleventh  of  Oftober^  and  no  other.  Andk 
indeed,  no  other  could  fo  well  have  done  his  Bufi.- 
nefe,  for  this  was  become  odious  to  his  People.  But 
Fears  and  Jealouties  are Proteftations  contra  Faffum ; 
to  which,  befides  popular  Expectations  at  home, 
the  King's  Court  abroad  adminiftered  Fuel :  Fot 
Adverfity  will  lay  hold  on  a  Bulrufh. 

<  At  this  Time  a  Gentleman  (whofe  Suffer- 
ings were  better  known  to  me  than  I  to  him)  cam® 
to~me  and  told  me,  with  great  Secrecy,  what  Hopes 
there  were  beyond  Sea  of  Monke's  March ;  expref- 
fing  a  Defire  to  gain  fome  from  me,  but  I  fent  him 
away  difcontented.  The  General's  March  without 
Orders  might,  at  firft,  reafonably  create  fome  Diffi- 
dence ;  but  it  was  foon  authorized,  and  countenan- 
ced by  the  coming  of  Orders,  and  CommifEoners, 
from  what  we  were  obliged  to  call  a  Parliament* 

*  It  was  now  the  General's  Bufinefs  to  overcome 
Scott's  Sufpicions  of  him,  as  knowing  him  to  be 
his  Enemy,  and  to  have  plotted  his  Ruin.  Scott^ 
rn  our  March,  had  very  often  complained  of  the 
great  Malignancy  of  the  City  of  London,  (for  which 
Che  coming  of  its  Commiffioners  gave  Occafiort 


io8       The  "Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  enough)  but  the  General  would  comfort  him  by 
1659-         hinting,  that  the  Parliament  needed  not  to  fear  any 

t*  "— v  -^  Danger  from  thence,  fo  long  as  they  had  an  Army 
uary*  by  them:  And  it  feems  he  had  promifed  him  to  take 
down  the  Stomach  of  the  City,  if  Need  required. 
The  Neceffity  at  this  Time  was  eminent;  for  now 
theLord  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Common  Council- 
Men  of  London^  by  a  public  Vote,  declared,  That 
they  would  pay  no  more  Taxes  and  Contributions, 
till  the  Parliament  was  filled  up  with  equal  Repre- 
lentatives  of  the  People.  Before  this,  only  a  few 
popular  Tumults  gave  the  Government  a  Difturb- 
ance ;  but  now  the  Authority  of  the  whole  City  re- 
belled againft  the  Men  of  Wtftndnfter  ;  and  I  may 
fafely  fay,  that  the  Citizens  the  rather  made  Choice 
of  this  Time,  becaufe  the  General,  only  with  his 
Scots  Army,  was  in  their  Suburbs,  and  at  IVejimin- 
Jler^  of  whom  they  had  entertained  good  Hopes, 
from  the  Time  that  divers  Citizens,  of  good  Note, 
had  given  the  General  Vifits  at  St.  Albans  and 
Barnet :  They  knew  too  that  many  of  the  Offi- 
cers had  Relations  and  Friends  among  them ;  nor 
did  any  Citizens  return  from  us  with  the  ill  News 
of  Defpair ;  nay,  fome  of  them  ufed  to  carry  more 
Hopes  back  than  they  had  Reafon  for,  their  Af- 
fedtion  for  their  Country  fupplying  the  Deficiency 
of  Promifes  from  us.  Thus  moft  of  them  hoped 
well,  and  none  would  defpair  of  Monke  and  his 

'  On  Tug/day  Night  the  General  was  detained  at 
the  Council  of  State  till  paft  Two  in  the  Morning, 
•which  (he  being  no  Member,  as  yet  being  no  Ab- 
jurer)  created  fome  Sufpicions  in  his  Friends  and 
Servants,  as  if  the  Council  meant  not  well  towards 
him  ;  and  by  fome  it  was  whifpered  as  if  it  was  de- 
figned  that  he  {hould  be  fent  to  the  Tower.  Now, 
to  fpeak  the  Truth,  the  Council  might,  without 
Reproach  of  Jealoufy  upon  their  Wifdom,  have  fu- 
fpe&ed  that  the  City  would  not  haVe  thus  boldly  re- 
monftrated,  had  not  Monke  given  them  fome  fecret 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D,         109 

*  But  his  fuperlative  Forefight  of  Things  defeated  Jnter-regnum. 
the  City,  the  Council  of  State,  and  his  Friends  and         l659* 
all ;  for  he  accepted  of  Orders,  and  the  next  Day  *~~ FT^~ 
executed  them.     He  went  into  the  City,   and  after 
he  had  placed  his  main  Guards  for  his  own  Security, 
he  diftributed  the  Remainder  of  his  fmall  Army  to 
their  refpeclive  Ports,  charged  them  to  pull  down 
the  City  Gates,  break  their  Portcullices,  and  pluck 
up  their  Foils  and  Chains  ;  himfelf  in  the  mean 
Time  fending  for,  and  imprifoning,  the  moft  daring 
and  difaffe&ed  Members  of  the  Common  Council, 
purfuant  to  his  Orders. 

'  It  is  God's  Prerogative  to  change  Times  and 
Seafons,  and  to  fet  up  and  pull  down  Kings  and 
Governments :  And  this  was  the  real  fatal  Crifis 
that  fo  foon  changed  the  Face  of  Things,  and  made 
the  Revolution  fo  fwift.  For  never  did  Soldiers 
with  fo  much  Regret  obey  their  General ;  obeyed, 
indeed,  he  was,  but  with  Scorn  to  them  who  com- 
manded their  Commander.  It  was  a  pretty  Medley 
of  Paflion  when  I  faw  them  both  merry  and  angry 
at  this  odious  Drudgery ;  and  a  lively  Pen  that  had 
obferved  and  could  exprefs  their  Humours,  might 
have  made  a  Play  of  it.  This  was  the  Carriage  of 
the  ordinary  Soldiery  ;  but  our  Officers  of  Note  ran- 
wholly  into  Difcontent,  and  offered  up  their  Com- 
miffions  to  the  General :  But  he  was  dark,  and 
chewed  his  Tobacco,  and  I  took  Notice  that  he 
was  more  angry  at  the  Spies  that  were  about  him, 
(as  Col.  Alured  and  others)  than  at  the  Work  he 
was  doing.  Hither  came  his  amazed  Friends,  and 
durft  not  fay  a  Word  to  him  :  But  I  was  not  orilfsu, 
amazed,  but  inwardly  repented  of  what  I  had  faid 
to  him  at  York ;  imagining  that  my  Words,  then, 
were  not  only  for  his  Safety,  but  for  his  Honour, 
tiot  to  have  the  Game  taken  out  of  his  Hands. 

'  But  no  Accident  of  War,  (no  not  if  we  had 
engaged  into  Blood  againft  Lambert)  could  have 
more  fully  aflured  his  Army  unto  him ;  for  now  the 
Parliament  was  deteftable  even  to  us  their  Reito- 
rcrs.  That  this  was  his  own  Contrivance  (and,  if 
fo,  a Maftcr-piece. of  Cunning).!  have  thefe Induce- 

1 1  o      1'be  Parliatnentary  HISTORY 

,  ments  to  believe  :  Scott  folemnly  told  Col. 
that  Monke  offered  himfelf  to  him  to  do  this  odious 
Action,  and  that  the  Council  of  State  would  not 
put  him  upon  it,  had  it  not  been  for  him,  who  af- 
lured  him  that  Monke  would  undertake  it.  Thus 
much  Scott  alledged  for  himfelf  to  Wetbam,  who 
charged  the  Change  of  the  Government  upon  this 
Mifcarriage.  Scott  had  little  Reafon  to  diflemble, 
you  may  be  fure,  when  he  faw  his  Day  was  loft, 
and  his  Life  too ;  for  he  fat  upon  his  Sovereign's. 
That  Scott  thus  excufed  himfelf  to  fPetham,  I  will 
name  my  Voucher,  viz  Dr.  Barrow,  (the  Judge- 
Advocate  of  his  Majefty's  Army  and  Guards)  a 
Gentleman  who  well  deferved  of  the  General  for 
his  Prudence  and  Integrity,  for  he  was  highly  fer- 
viceable  to  him  from  his  firft  declaring  againft  the 
Army,  and  fo  continued.  Nay,  1  foon  after  mo- 
deftly  alked  the  General,  *  How  he  was  engaged  to 
undertake  this  deteftable  Piece  of  Service  ?'  He  mer- 
rily anfwered  me,  This  was  a  Trick  you  knew  not  ofy 
and  I  do  ajjure  you  that  I  could  not  have  done  my  Bu» 
Jinefs  fo  foon  without  it,  and  pojjibly  not  at  all. 

*  So  I  confefied  that  his  Wifdom  out  witted  my 
Expectations,  for  I  thought  he  would  at  firft  have 
lodged  his  Colours  within  the  Walls  of  London  ; 
yet,  true  it  is,  that  it  was  eafy  for  him  to  forefee, 
that  the  City,  upon  his  coming  to  Town,  would 
run  into  Discontents  ;  for  they  looked  upon  him  as 
a  Lover  of  his  Country's  Freedom,  and  therefore 
judged  that  he  would  not  endeavour  to  uphold  a 
Power  that  was  not  only  ufurped,  but  contemptible 
and  ridiculous ;  they  taking  it  in  a  great  Difdain, 
that  a  bare  Remnant  of  a  Houfe  of  Commons,  legally 
diffolved,  mould  give  Laws  to  their  Fellow  Subjects, 
fupporting  themfelves  by  an  Army,  the  great  Offi* 
cers  of  which  put  them  in  and  out,  and  out  and  in, 
at  their  Pleafure.  I  knew  too,  that  he  would  lay 
hold  of  the  firft  Advantage  againft  the  Men  of 
Wejiminjler ;  and  Advantages,  befides  this,  could 
not  but  be  offered,  for  they  longed  to  fall  upon  the 
Sequeftration  of  all  thofe  Gentlemen  who  had  been 
in  Booth's  Confpiracy.  Now  the  General  could  not, 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        nt 

in  Honour,  fee  them  perifh,  becaufe  himfelf  was 

concerned  in  it ;   neither  was  he  without  his  Sufpi- 

cions,  that  fome  could  prove  it  againft  him  ;  befide, 

that  his  Power  was  not  long  liv'd,  and  he  muft  have     Febr<JaiT' 

foon  found  it  fo,  were  it  but  from  his  Fellow  Com- 

iniiHoners  for  governing  the  Army,  whofe  Interefts 

were  bound  up  with  that  of  the  Parliament. 

*  On  Friday,  February  the  loth,  the  General  re- 
turned from  the  City  to  Whitehall^  and  his  Scots 
Army  to  their  Quarters  in  the  Suburbs  and  Weft- 
mln/ter.  This  fome  Members  of  the  Council  of 
State  fignifi-d  they  were  difpleafed  at,  faying,  That 
his  Return  was  without  their  Orders.  And,  in 
Truth,  it  was  againft  them  j  for  he  was  to  ftay 
there  till  further  Order,  and  they  had  more  Work 
for  him  there.  Thus  would  the  Parliament  have 
rewarded  this  City,  for  their  Afiiftance  againft  the 
late  King ! 

'  At  this  Time  the  Anabaptifts,  and  fuch  like 
Sectaries  in  and  about  the  City,  who  were  afraid  of 
Peace  and  a  National  Intereft,  took  Heart  at  the 
pulling  down  of  the  City  Gates,  and  fell  to  remon- 
itrating  to  the  Parliament,  That  none  were  fit  to  bear 
any  Office,  Civil  or  Military,  that  would  not  abjure 
Charles  Stuart,  and  his  Title  and  Family  ».  This 
was  underftood  to  have  been  the  Artifice  of  fome 
Abjurers  in  the  Council  of  State,  to  win  over  Af- 
ftftance  to  their  narrow  and  almoft-defpifed  Party  : 
And  could  they  have  gained  the  Point  of  encoura- 
ging Petitioners  of  this  Nature,  I  doubt  not  to  fay- 
but  that  the  Council  of  State  would  have  given  a 
Lift  to  the  Parliament  itfelf,  as  Traitors  to  their 
Truft,  becaufe  they  were  fuch  fqueamifti  Rebels,  as 
not  to  abjure  the  Heirs  of  the  Crown.  By  this 
Means  to  have  engrofTed  the  Sovereignty  to  thenv 
felves,  would  have  been  no  hard  Matter,  had  but 
Msnke  been  their  Friend  in  Reality,  as  in  Appear- 
ance  he  was  their  Servant,  and  the  Executioner  of 
their  odious  Orders. 

«  Thefe  Sectaries  moft  grofly  flattered  the  Parlia- 
ment in  their  Petition,  and  renowned  them  for  their 
gjorious  Adions  }  though  thefe  were  the  very  Men 
»  See  p.  94.  who 



H2        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

who,  but  a  few  Weeks  before,  had  been  of  anothef 
Temper,  being  Lambert's  Confidents,  and  the  Par- 
liament's Enemies. 

'  It  was  further  obferved  by  us,  in  this  little 
Time  we  had  been  in  Town,  that  the  Parliament 
Jjegan  to  encourage  thofe  who  .had  appeared  in  the 
Englijb .Army  againft  them.  Ludlow  fat  in  the 
Houfe,  tho'  he  had  been  accufed  of  Tre'afon  by  the 
Jrifl)  Officers  ;  and  it  was  faid  that  iome  of  the 
Houfe  kept  Correfpondence  with  Lambert  himfelf. 
"This  our  Officers  looked  upon  as  done  in  Diffidence 
of  them  and  their  General,  who  had  been  their  Re- 
florers,  and  had  approved  thernfelves  their  faith- 
ful Servants  in  the  Day  of  Trial.  Soldiers  are  not 
ordinarily  that  crafty  Kind  of  Men  that  can  difTem- 
ble  Injuries ;  and  fome  of  them  were  fo  juft  to  their 
Country,  as  not  to  think  it  worth  their  Pay  to  uphold 
only  a  few  Men  in  an  arbitrary  Tyranny,  contrary 
to  the  Senfe  of  the  whole  Nation.  Of  this  Sort  the 
boldeft  came  to  the  General,  dutifully  and  freely  to 
reprefent  to  him  the  State  of  Things,  and  that  fome 
fpeedy  Remedy  was  of  Neceffity  to  be  thought  upon 
and  applied.  The  General  was  too  wife  to  lofe 
this  Advantage  ;  but,  however,  feemed  to  require 
Time  to  deliberate  on  it :  But  they  earneftly  re- 
plied, That  if  fomething  were  not  forthwith  done, 
to  bear  their  Witnefs  againft  fuch  Proceedings,  he 
would  foon  be  loft,  and  they  with  him  ;  but  he  in 
the  firft  Place,  becaufe  he  had  now  more  Enemies 
in  the  Council  of  Sate  and  Parliament  too,  than  he 
dreamt  of;  for  though  he  had  executed  his  Orders 
againft  the  City,  and  thereby  rendered  himfelf 
odious  to  the  free-born  People,  yet  the  Manner  of 
doing  it  was  fuch,  as  made  him  fyfpe&ed  by  his 

'  The  General  yielded  at  length  to  their  Fears 
and  Counfels,  and  the  rather,  for  that  he  was  aflu- 
red  of  the  Tower  of  London^  the  Lieutenant  of  it 
(Col.  Morley)  having  before  offered  it  him.  This 
the  noble  Colonel  had  done  in  the  City,  pitying  the 
Confternation  of  its  Citizens,  when  he  faw  what 
Work  was  doing,  what  Influence  it  would  have 


Of    ENGLAND.         113 

upon  the  Country.     In  all  Secrecy,   therefore,   it  inter-regnurrt. 
was  debated,    and  foon  agreed  upon,   that  a  Letter       j659- 
Ihould  be  fent  to  the  Parliament  the  Day  following;    <T~~t^"""J 
and  late  at  Night  Orders  were  iflued,  That  our  ary> 

principal  Officers  fhould  meet  early  at  the  Gene- 
ral's Lodgings  the  next  Morning,  and  they  came 
accordingly :  To  whom  the  Occafion  of  their 
convening  was  expounded  by  our  Secretaries  of  the 
Night,  who  had  fat  up,  and  penned  the  Letter  to  the 
Parliament.  Their  Aflent  to  it  was  defired,  the 
General  being  prefent ;  he  fubfcribed  it  firft,  and 
they,  in  their  Order,  fet  their  Hands  to  it.  The 
Tenor  of  this  Letter  was  very  peremptory,  viz. 
That  by  the  Friday  following  they  fhould  fend  forth 
Writs  to  fill  up  all  the  vacant  Places  in  the  Houfe ; 
and,  when  that  was  done,  fix  a  determinate  Time 
to  their  own  fitting,  and  give  Place  to  another  Par- 

*  This  now  was  a  State  of  War  between  the 
Scots  Army  and  the  Parliament.  Heretofore,  when 
Cromwell  and  Lambert  turned  thefe  few  Members 
of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  out  of  their  Place  at 
Weftminfter9  they  did  but  refpite  the  Exercife  of 
their  Power,  and  it  was  their  good  Chance  to  return 
again  to  it;  for  their  Servants,  who  fo  ufurped  upon 
them,  drove  on  the  fame  Intereft  ftill  with  them- 
felves,  and  ruled  by  the  Force  of  an  Army,  which 
protected  the  Lives  and  Fortunes  of  thefe  Parlia- 
ment-Men :  Now  all  of  them  being  equally  guilty, 
they  were  never  queftioned  for  what  they  had  done, 
but  enjoyed  the  Peace  and  Liberty  of  Subjects,  even 
when,  by  their  own  Indifcretion,  and  the  reftlefs 
Ambition  of  the  Great  Officers  of  the  Army,  they 
loft  the  Sovereignty :  Whereas  this  Letter  now  - 
forced  them  to  be  their  own  Executioners  within 
their  Walls  of  Empire;  for  to  fill  up  the  Houfe  with 
new-elected  Members  out  of  the  Country,  at  a 
Time  when  every  Village  was  fo  exafperated  againft 
them,  in  plain  Englljb  amounted  to  no  lefs  ;  for 
they  were  fure  to  be  out-voted,  and,  confequently, 
liable  to  be  queftioned. 

VOL.  XXII.  H  « The 

U4       %%e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  c  The  General  fent  this  Letter  to  the  Houfe  by 
l6S9-  two  Colonels,  Clobery  and  Lidcot,  and,  not  flaying 
VT*^"^^  for  an  Anfwer  to  it,  puts  himfelf  at  the  Head  of  his 
Army,  marched  into  Finftury- Fields  *  and  from 
thence  fends  to  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  defi- 
ring  that  Quarters  might  prefently  be  fet  out  for  his 
Men  within  the  City.  Our  Quarter-Matters  had 
no  Orders  to  intimate  the  Breach  that  was  made 
between  our  Army  and  the  Parliament;  and  ib  they 
found  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London  fomewhat  afto- 
niflied  at  this  MefTage  ;  but  he  foon  after  under- 
jftood  the  End  of  his  Coming;  for  fome  of  the  Ci- 
tizens were  earlier  informed  of  it.  As  foon  as  the 
General  left  Whitehall^  I  went  into  the  City,  and  not 
knowing  where  he  would  quarter  that  Night,  I  came 
to  the  Three  Tuns  before  Guildhall,  where  the  Ge- 
neral had  quartered  two  Nights  before.  I  entered 
the  Tavern  with  a  Servant,  and  a  Portmanteau,  and 
afked  for  a  Room,  which  I  had  fcarce  got  into,  but 
Wine  followed  me  as  a  Prefent  from  fome  Citizens, 
defiring  Leave  to  drink  their  Morning's  Draught 
with  me.  I  accepted  of  the  Civility;  but,  in  Requital 
of  their  Wine  and  Company,  was  afked  Wh  at  News, 
and  what  might  be  the  Meaning  of  my  fo  return- 
ing hither :  I  freely  told  them  that  we  were  not  now 
the  fame  Men  that  we  were  two  Days  ago ;  and 
that  this  they  fliould  find  before  Night,  to  the  full 
Satisfaction  of  the  Injuries  done  them.  The  good 
Men  were  tranfported  into  Joy,  and  moft  of  them 
left  me  and"  their  Wine,  and  ran  to  communicate 
this  hopeful  News. 

'  A  Citizen  of  good  Quality,  Mr.  William  Stan- 
fy,  ftaid  longer,  and  invited  me  to  his  Houfe  to 
Dinner,  and  moft  courteoufly  lodged  me  there,  du- 
ring the  General's  Stay  in  the  City;  for  it  happened 
not  to  be  far  from  his  Quarters.  This  I  mention 
out  of  a  grateful  Remembrance  of  his  Hofphality. 

*  The  General  came  late  into  the  City,  and 
his  Army  later,  flaying  for  the  Lord  Mayor's  Re- 
turn to  his  Meffengers  for  quartering  his  Men  ~T 
when  they  entered,  they  were  welcomed  as  the  Re- 
ftorers  of  their  Country's  Freedom  j  Bells,  Bor- 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

fires,  Wine,  and  feveral  Large/Fes  of  Money  a-  interregnum, 
mong  our  Soldiers,  being  the  Atteftations  of  the        »6S9- 
Citizens  Joy.     This  was  Saturday,  February   n,  *-  7^^*^ 
renowned  for  the  Night  of  burning  the  Rump  ;  (for 
thus  the  young  Men,  who  were  Haters  of  this 
long-ufurped  Power,  called  the  Parliament)  Butch- 
ers had  quick  trading  for  their  Rumps,  and  many 
Cooks  loft  their  Fees. 

'  The  Parliament  clofely  debated  upon  the  Let- 
ter fent  them ;  and  wifely  diuembling  the  Infolency 
of  Monke  and  his  Officers,  in  prefcribing  Rules  to 
them,  gave  them  Thanks  for  their  joint  Care  with 
them  of  the  Commonwealth ;  alluring  them,  over 
and  above,  that  they  were  confidering  of  Qualifi- 
cations for  the  next  Parliament.  With  this  Mef- 
fage  came  Scott  and  Robinfon,  with  fome  others,  that 
Evening  into  the  City  to  the  General:  Adding,  that 
his  Return  to  Whitehall  was  required  by  the  Coun- 
cil of  State,  it  being  for  their  Safety ;  and  that  if 
he  and  his  Army  kept  their  old  Quarters,  they 
would  be  better  fatisfied  with  their  Proceeding,  be- 
ing near  them  ;  but  if  'his  Army  continued  in  the 
City,  they  were  afraid,  they  faid,  that  it  would  be 
debauched  from  its  Obedience  to  the  Parliament, 
they  looking  upon  the  Citizens  as  Enemies  to  the 
Government.  The  General  gave  them  no  other 
Reply,  but  that,  If  the  Parliament  will  do  as  they 
are  defired  in  my  Letter,  they  need  not  fear  but  all 
Things  will  go  well. 

*  The  Noife  of  Scott  and  Robinfori's  coming  to 
the  General  fo  alarmed  the  'Prentices  in  the  Streets, 
that  they  were  fearched  for  as  ftri&ly  as  were  the 
Spies  that  came  to  Jericho.  The  General  was  now 
at  the  Bull's  Head  Tavern  in  Cheapfide.  The 
Streets  were  thronged  ;  Mr.  Gumble  and  I  were  in 
a  Coach,  that  was  becalm'd  in  a  Croud,  coming 
from  Guildhall^  where  the  General  had  been  to 
expound  the  End  of  his  coming :  Now  the  'Pren- 
tices went,  it  feems,  from  Coach  to  Coach  in  Queft 
of  Scott  and  Robinfon ;  and  when  they  looked  into 
ours,  they  cried  out,  Here  they  are.  Plenty  of  Dirt 
was  brought  againft  us  in  Shovels  from  the  Kennel, 
H  2  we 

1 1 6      fThe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  we  defending  ourfelves  with  the  Curtains  of  th£ 
1659-       Coach  as  well  as  we  could,  till  the  Miftake  was 

U-'-v*""-*  over>  which  foon  was  by  the  Means  of  our  Officers. 
February.     gu(.  ^  voung  Men's  Fury  was  much  longer  liv'd  ; 
for,   in  roafting  the  Rump,   it  was  fcarce  cool  till 
Sunday  Morning. 

'  There  was  now  a  Report  that  the  Parliament 
had  taken  away  the  General's  Commiffion  :  And 
there  was  fomething  of  Truth  in  it  too ;  for,  upon 
the  Letter  fent  them,  which  fo  much  threatened 
their  very  Being,  they  called  for  the  Names  of  their 
Commiffioners  for  governing  of  their  Army,  re- 
trenched two  of  them,  and  conflituted  only  five, 
of  which  Monke  was  one,  and  of  which  Number 
three  were  a  Quorum.  But  it  being  unhappily 
moved,  Whether  Monke  ftiould  be  of  it,  it  was  car- 
ried in  the  Negative  :  So  tho'  his  Commiffion  was 
not  formally  voted  from  him,  (for  that  they  durft 
not  do)  yet  virtually  it  was ;  and  Monke  and  Morley 
were  left  to  ftem  the  Tide  againft  H$filrigge9  Alu- 
red,  and  Walton. 

*  The  General  that  Night  removed  from  Cheap- 
fide^  after  he  had  difpofed  his  Men  into  Quarters, 
and  took  up  his  own  at  the  Gtaff-Houff,  where 
there  was  one  large  Room  fet  apart  for  him  to  receive 
the  grateful  Vifits  of  the  Citizens,  who  had  already 
forgot  their  Yefterday's  Injuries ;  and  having  long 
before  this  repented  that  their  Treafure  and  their 
Arms  had  been  fuccefsfully  employed  againft  their 
Prince,  and  their  Country,  they  now  promifed  them 
to  Monke,  hoping  for  a  better  Iffue  of  both  j  and  in 
this  he  did  not  deceive  them.' 

Dr,  Cumllt,  Dr.  Gumblt,  our  other  Reverend  Writer  of 
Monkis  and  his  Officers'  Actings  in  thefe  Affairs, 
tells  us,  «  That,  after  they  had  done  the  late  dirty 
Work  for  the  Parliament,  and  the  General  was  re- 
turned to  Whitehall,  a  Conference  was  held,  the 
Refult  of  which  was,  That  fome  Method  mud  be 
taken  for  immediate  Recovery  from  this  politic  Dt- 
ftemper.  After  which  the  General  retired  to  reft, 
but  that  four  of  his  Officers  fat  up  all  Night  in  order 


.Of    ENGLAND.       117 

to  draw  up,  what  the  Doctor  calls,  a  brifk  and  Inter-rcgnuns, 
fmart  Letter  to  be  fent  to  the  Houfe,  and  which  was        l659- 
read  and  figned  by  the  General  the  next  Morning,    ^^T^""4 
with  feveral  other  Officers  who  were  convened  for 
that  Purpofe ;  and  it  was  fent  to  the  Parliament  by 
Col.  Clobery  and  Col.   Lldcot.     Our  Author  re- 
marks, That  it  was  a  refined  Piece  of  Policy  in  the 
General,  to  feem  to  be  perfuaded  in  this,  to  what 
he  himfelf  had  contrived ;    and  before  the  Letter 
could  be  read  in  the  Houfe,  he  marches  back  with 
his  whole  Forces  into  the  City,  and  drew  them  up 
in  Finfliury-Fields*  to  the  great  Confternation  of  the 
Citizens,  who  knew  not  yet  what  to  expect  from 
this  ftrange  Conduct,  a 

A  Copy  of  ibis  Letter  here  mentioned,  is  already 
given  at  p.  98. 

But  now,  to  fhift  the  Scene  from  the  late-quoted 
Reverend  Authors,  who  fome  Readers  may  think 
were  more  inclined  to  write  Panegyrics  on  their 
Matter's  Conduct  in  thefe  Affairs  than  ftria  Truth, 
we  {hall  turn  to  their  Oppofite,  Ludlow,  and  learn 
what  this  Memorialift  and  ftiff  Republican  has  left 
us  concerning  this  Period  :  Which  alfo  we  fhall  give, 
as  near  as  poffible,  in  his  own  Words.  Speaking  of 
the  Scots  Army's  March  up  to  Town,  he  adds, 

6  In  the  mean  Time  Monke  was  come  to  Barnet, 
and  being  expeaed  at  London  the  next  Day,  Orders  Mr. 
were  iflued  out  for  the  old  Regiments  of  the  Army  to 
inarch  from  the  Town ;  which  fo  difgufted  them,  that 
many  refufed  to  march  till  their  Arrears  were  paid. 
This  Mutiny  began  at  Somerfet-Houfe^  where  a  whole 
Regiment  was  quartered,  who  were  joined  by  divers 
Parties  of  the  reft.  The  Cavaliers  and  Prefbyterians 
of  the  City  hoping  to  improve  this  Opportunity,  in- 
vited them  to  join  with  the  City,  as  they  term'd  their 
Party  there,  promifmg  them  their  whole  Arrears, 
conftant  Pay,  and  a  prefent  Gratuity,  giving  them 
fome  Money  in  Hand  as  an  Earneft  of  the  reft. 
The  Soldiers  took  their  Money;  but,  withali,  threat- 
ened them,  that,  unlefs  they  departed  immediately, 
H  3  they 

a  Life  of  General  Mtnkc,  p,  2.44,  ©V, 

1 1 8       Tie  Parliamentary  Hi  s  T  OR  Y 

Inter -regnum.  they  would  fire  upon  them,  declaring  their  Refolti- 
1659.  tion  to  continue  faithful  to  the  Parliament.  Here- 

*•— — v — — •*  upon  the  Council  of  State,  that  they  alfo  might  cut 
uary*  the  Grafs  from  under  their  own  Feet,  fent  Orders 
to  Monke  to  haften  his  March,  and  with  all  Dili- 
gence to  come  to  their  Relief.  Thefe  Malecontents 
were  very  numerous,  amounting  to  more  than  2000 
Foot,  and  about  the  fame  Number  of  Horfe  were 
ready  to  join  with  them.  But  no  confiderable  Per- 
fon  appearing  at  the  Head  of  them,  their  new  Offi- 
cers, who  laboured  the  whole  Night  to  fatisfy  them, 
prevailed  with  them  to  march  the  next  Morning, 
upon  Promife  that  their  Arrears  fhould  be  paid  at 
their  next  Quarters.  The  following  Day  Monke 
marched  to  London  at  the  Head  of  his  Party,  which, 
for  the  moft  Part,  were  quartered  about  Whitehall* 
where  Lodgings  had  been  provided  for  him  j  and 
immediately  fome  Members  of  Parliament  were 
lent  to  congratulate  his  Arrival.  The  fame  Even- 
ing I  met  Vice- Admiral  Lawfon  at  Sir  Henry  Mild" 
may's  Lodgings  at  Whitehall,  and  knowing  him  to 
be  familiarly  acquainted  with  Monke,  I  defired  that 
we  might  make  him  a  Vifit  together,  which  he 
readily  confented  to.  We  found  him  alone  in  the 
Prince's  Lodgings;  where,  having  congratulated  the 
Succefs  of  his  Attempt  to  reftore  the  Parliament  to 
the  Exercife  of  their  Authority,  I  took  the  Freedom 
to  tell  him,  That,  having  an  Opportunity  put  into 
his  Hands  to  free  thefe  Nations  from  the  Danger  of 
being  opprefled,  as  they  had  lately  been,  by  the 
Power  of  the  Sword,  I  hoped  he  would  improve  it 
to  the  public  Advantage,  by  giving  his  Affiftance  to 
the  Parliament,  in  fettling  the  Government  upon  fo 
juft  a  Foundation,  that  it  might  be  fupported  for 
the  future  by  the  Love  and  Affections  of  the  People. 
He  anfwered,  That  as  God  had  owned  him  in  his 
Work,  fo  he  defired,  that  he  alone  might  have  the 
Glory  :  That  it  was  true  Factions  had  been  car- 
ried on  ;  but  that  he  was  fully  refolved  to  promote 
the  Intereft  of  a  Commonwealth.  Which  Refo- 
lution  when  I  had  commended,  and  encouraged  him 
3S  well  as  I  could  to  continue,  he  faid,  We  muft 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       119 

nd  die  for  and  with  a  Commonwealth.  Then  I  inter-regnum. 
told  him,  That  I  had  met  lately  with  one  Mr.  l6S9- 
Courtney,  who  faid  he  was  his  Relation,  and  having  L  ~~¥~  — ' 
drank  too  much  at  the  Inn  where  I  lay  in  my  Way 
to  London,  boafted  that  his  Coufin  Monke  would  do 
great  Things  for  the  King  ;  but  that  upon  my  ob- 
jecting his  public  Declarations  'and  Proteftations  to 
the  contrary,  he  began  to  doubt,  and  faid,  That  his 
Coufin  being  a  Man  of  Honour,  he  feared  he  would 
be  as  good  as  his  Word.  Tea  (faid  Monke)  If 
there  were  nothing  in  it  but  that,  I  mujl  make  good 
my  Word,  and  will  too.  I  prefume  (faid  I)  that  the 
dnjwer  you  have  lately  publijhed  to  your  Countrymen's 
Letter,  hath  given  them  all  Satisfaction  concerning 
you.  He  replied,  That  he  hoped  it  had.  Thefe 
and  many  other  Proteftations  of  Zeal  to  the  Com- 
mon Caufe,  with  many  Profeflions  of  Friend- 
fhip  to  ourfelves,  we  received  from  him  at  that 
Time ;  wherewith  Vice-Admiral  Lawfon  was  fo 
well  fatisfied,  that  he  faid  to  me,  after  we  had 
parted  from  him,  That  fince  the  Levite  and  the 
Priejl  had  paffed  by  and  would  not  help  us,  he  ho- 
ped we  had  found  a  Samaritan  that  would  do  it. 

'  The  Parliament  having  Notice  of  Monkis  Ar- 
rival, fent  a  Meflage  to  him  by  Mr.  Scott  and  Mr. 
Robinfon,  to  defire  his  Attendance  at  their  Houfe 
the  next  Day  ;  whither  being  come,  a  Chair  was 
ordered  for  him,  but  he  refufed  to  fit,  contenting 
himfelf  to  ftand  behind  it  uncovered,  laying  his 
Hand  upon  the  Chair.  The  Speaker,  as  had  been 
ordered,  gave  him  the  Thanks  of  the  Houfe  for  the 
Service  he  had  done,  extolling  him  above  all  the 
Worthies  of  former  and  latter  Ages.  To  whofe 
Rhetoric  he  anfwered,  That  as  to  what  was  done, 
be  defired  God  might  have  the  Glory,  in  that  he 
had  wrought  Deliverance  by  fo  weak  an  Inftrument. 
After  which  he  informed  the  Houfe,  That,  in  his 
March,  many  Applications  had  been  made  to  him, 
by  all  Sorts  of  Perfons,  for  a  Free  Parliament ;  and 
that  he  had  acquainted  them,  That  the  End  of  his 
March  being  to  free  the  Parliament  from  the  Power 
of  thofe  who  had  impofed  on  them,  he  doubted  not 


120     7/fo  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  they  would  take  all  poflible  Care  of  the  Public 
Good.  Then  he  put  them  in  Mind  of  their  Refo- 
Jution  to  fill  up  the  Houfe,  which,  he  faid,  would 
^^  much  to  the  Satisfaaion  of  the  Nation.  He 
defired  that  Fanatical  Perfons  (as  he  called  them) 
might  be  removed  from  Places  of  Truft,  and  under- 
took to  anfwer  for  the  Fidelity  of  thofe  who  had 
affumed  the  Power  in  Ireland;  concluding  with 
Profeffions  of  the  utmoft  Zeal  and  Faithfulnefs  to 
their  Service.  Thus  he  gave  the  Parliament  good 
Words,  for  which  they  heaped  their  Favours  upon 
him,  and  voted  iooo/.  per  Ann.  to  be  fettled  on 
him.  And  that  nothing  might  be  wanting  to  com- 
pleat  this  Scene,  Monke's  Wife  took  efpecial  Care 
to  treat  the  Wives  of  the  Members  that  came  to 
vifit  her,  running  herfelf  to  fetch  the  Sweetmeats, 
and  filling  out  Wine  for  them,  not  forgetting  to 
talk  mightily  of  Self-denial,  and  how  much  it  was 
upon  her  Hulband's  Heart  that  the  Government 
might  be  fettled  in  the  \Vay  of  a  Commonwealth. 
In  the  mean  Time  the  fecluded  Members  had  their 
Meetings  with  thofe  of  the  fame  Faction  in  the 
City  ;  and  fome  of  thofe  that  fat  in  Parliament  were 
earneft  Promoters  of  their  Return  to  the  Houfe,  of 
whom  were  Col.  Lafcelles  and  Col.  Richard Ingoldfoy^ 
who  had  been  two  of  the  King's  Judges  :  But  the 
Perfon  I  moil  wondered  at  was  Col.  Hutchinfon  ; 
who  having  exceeded  moil  of  the  Members  of  the 
High  Court  of  Juftice,  in  Zeal  for  putting  the  King 
to  Death,  at  this  Time  aded  a  very  different  Part, 
preffing  the  Houfe,  with  an  unbecoming  Importu- 
nity, to  proceed  againft  Sir  Henry  Vane  for  not  re- 
moving into  the  Country  according  to  their  Order, 
when  it  was  well  known  he  was  fo  much  indifpofed 
that  he  could  not  do  it  without  the  apparent  Hazard 
of  his  Life. 

'  Many  Alarms  were  given  to  the  Parliament,  by 
their  faithful  Friends,  in  printed  Difcourfes,  and 
otherwife,  .whereby  they  were  put  in  Mind  that 
the  Enemies  Quarrel  was  not  fo  much  againft 
Perfons  as  Things ;  and,  as  one  termed  it,  not 
againft  Ludlow  and  Rich,  but  againft  the  Caufe  it- 


Of   ENGLAND.       *  *i 

felf.     They  were  advifed  to  accept  the  Aflvftance  of  Inter- regnum. 

their  old  Servants,    and  to  encourage  them  in  their        l659- 

Fidelity,   as  the  only  Means  to  preferve  themfelves    *— — v— — ^ 

and  the  Commonwealth  from  certain  Ruin.     But     Fel)ruai7« 

they  were  deaf  to  all  (alutary  Counfel,  and  refolved 

to  finiih  the  Work  with  the  new  Inftruments  which 

they  had  chofen.     To  this  End  they  proceeded  on 

the  Bill  for  filling  up  the  Houfe  ;   which,   by  wife 

Men,   was  thought  a  moft:  dangerous  Expedient  in 

that  Conjuncture,  unlefs  Monke  (hould  prove  more 

honeft  than  they  could  believe  him  to  be.    The  City 

of  London  alfo  took  upon  them,   in  their  Common 

Council,  to  receive   Petitions   from  the   adjacent 

Counties,  touching   the  Payment  of  Taxes,   and 

other  public  Affairs  ;  prefuming  not  only  to  call  in 

the  Petitioners,    and  to  give  them  Thanks  for  their 

good  Affe&ions,  but  alfo  pafled  a  Vote  that  they 

would  pay  no  Taxes,  but  fuch  as  {hould  be  impofed 

by  a  Free  Parliament. 

'  The  Council  of  State  having  received  a  particu- 
lar Account  of  the  Proceedings  in  the  City,  fent  for 
Monke  to  confalt  with  him  concerning  the  beft 
Means  to  put  a  Stop  to  thefe  Diforders  ;  and  fome 
of  them  moving  that  the  Common  Council  fhould 
be  forbidden  to  fit,  fome  few  of  the  moft  active 
feized  the  Gates  of  the  City  taken  down,  the  Port*- 
cullices  wedged,  and  the  Pofls  with  their  Chains 
pulled  up  :  Monke  faid,  That  if  they  did  no  more, 
that  would  ferve  for  nothing,  becaufe  the  Damage 
might  be  foon  repaired.  He  added,  That  the  Dif- 
affe&ion  of  the  City  was  fo  great,  that  they  would 
never  be  quiet  till  fome  of  them  were  hanged  ;  and 
that  it  was  abfolutely  neceflary,  for  the  prefent,  to 
break  in  Pieces  their  Gates  and  Portcullices,  to 
burn  their  Ports,  and  to  carry  away  their  Chains  to 
the  Tower;  offering  himfelf,  if  they  would  command 
thefe  Things  to  be  done,  to  fee  their  Orders  put  in 
Execution.  Hereupon  the  Council  ordered  him  to 
march  into  the  City  with  his  Forces  early  the  next 
Morning,  before  the  Occaiion  of  his  coming  among 
them  foould  be  known.  Various  Reports  were 


122     72*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

iater-regnum,  publifhed  touching  the  Defign  of  his  March  into  the 
*659-        City,  and  many  fufpe&ed  that  he  had  already  decla- 

\0~~\~*  *J  red  for  the  King.  But  when  the  Houfe  was  met, 
February.  ^  Council  of  State  made  their  Report  to  us,  and 
informed  us  of  the  unwarrantable  Proceedings  of  the 
Common  Council,  and  of  their  own  Refolutions 
and  Orders  concerning  them  ;  in  the  Execution  of 
which  they  afiured  us  Monke  had  by  that  Time 
made  a  confiderable  Progrefs,  having  already  pulled 
up  the  Pofts  with  their  Chains,  taken  down  the 
Portcullices,  and  the  Gates  of  the  City,  which  he 
had  begun  to  cut  in  Pieces,  and  feized  fome  of  the 
moft  active  of  the  Common  Council.  The  Parlia- 
ment having  heard  the  Report  of  the  Council  of 
State,  approved  of  what  they  had  done,  and  ordered 
Fifty  Pounds  to  be  given  to  Monke  to  defray  the 
Expence  of  his  Dinner  that  Day,  he  having  refufed 
to  dine  at  the  Charge  of  the  City,  tho'  earneftly  im- 
portuned to  it  by  divers  Citizens. 

'  All  Things  going  fo  well  that  Morning,  both 
in  the  Army  and  in  the  Parliament,  Sir  Arthur  Ha- 
fdrigge  was  again  fo  elevated,  that,  coming  into  the 
Houfe  in  the  Afternoon,  he  broke  out,  in  the  Pre- 
fence  of  divers  Members,  into  thefe  Expreilions,  All 
is  our  own,  he  will  be  honejt.  But  it  was  not  long  be- 
fore his  Wine  was  turned  into  Water ;  for  as  foon 
as  the  Houfe  was  met,  a  Letter  was  prefented  to  the 
Speaker  from  Monke,  the  Contents  whereof  made 
them  eafily  perceive  that  his  Zeal  to  their  Service 
began  to  cool.  Therein  he  acquainted  them  with 
what  he  had  done  in  Profecution  of  the  Orders  he 
had  received,  and  that  he  wanted  Tools  and  Inftru- 
ments  to  finim  the  Work,  having  already  fpoiled  all 
thofe  that  he  had  brought  with  him  to  cut  the  Gates 
and  other  Defences  of  the  City  in  Pieces ;  that  the 
Mayor  and  Citizens  had  promifed  Obedience  to  the 
Parliament  for  the  Time  to  come,  and  therefore  he 
defired  they  would  refpite  the  Execution  of  what 
remained  of  his  Inftru&ions  ;  hoping  that  what  had 
been  done  would  be  a  fufficient  Admonition  to  the 
City  for  their  future  gopd  Behaviour. 

Of   ENGLAND.         123 

6  The  Parliament,  underftanding  the  Tendency  Inter-regnum, 
of  this  Letter,  were  highly  offended  with  Monke^  for  1659. 
prefuming  to  neglect  and  difpute  their  Commands  ;  t-— v— •-* 
and  being  refolved  to  do  as  much  as  they  could  in  e  ruary* 
this  Matter  to  preferve  their  Authority,  they  dif- 
patched  a  Meflage  to  him,  requiring  the  exa6t  Per- 
formance of  the  Orders  he  had  received.  Upon  the 
Receit  of  thefe  fecond  Orders,  Monke  feemed  much 
difturbcd,  but  yielded  little  or  no  Obedience  to 
them,  and  lay  that  Night  in  the  City.  The  Day 
following  he  returned  with  his  Forces  to  Whitehall^ 
and  about  two  Days  after  he  fent  a  Letter  to  the 
Houfe,  directed  to  the  Speaker,  and  fubfcribed  by 
himfelf  and  ibme  of  his  Officers  ;  wherein  they  com- 
plained that  the  Parliament  had  put  them  upon  the 
late  difobliging  Work  in  the  City,  to  render  them 
odious  to  the  Citizens  ;  that  they  continued  to  fa- 
vour the  Fanatic  Party,  by  not  profecuting  thofe 
that  had  a6led  with  the  Army  in  the  late  Committee 
of  Safety,  and  by  permitting  Sir  Henry  Vane  and 
Col.  Lambert  to  ftay  in  Town  contrary  to  their  own 
Oidcr  for  their  Removal  ;  that  they  admitted  Men 
to  fit  with  them  in  the  Houfe,  who  lay  under  Accu- 
fations  of  High  Treafon,  (meaning  Mr.  Miles  Cor- 
bet and  me,  tho'  not  naming  us);  that,  on  the  con- 
trary, they  {hewed  a  Backwardnefs  to  repofe  any 
Confidence  in  thofe  who  were  their  trueft  Friends  ; 
upbraiding  them  with  refufing  to  approve  fome  Offi- 
cers that  had  been  prefented  to  them,  and  delaying 
to  grant  Commiffions  to  others  whom  they  had  ap- 
proved. They  alfo  reflected  upon  the  Parliament 
for  not  making  Provifion  for  the  Army,  nor  minding 
the  Public  Work,  putting  them  in  Mind  of  the  Vote 
for  their  Diflblution  in  May  following  ;  and  adding 
fome  threatening  Expreflions,  in  cafe  they  fhould  not 
ifTue  out  Writs  for  filling  up  the  Parliament  accord- 
ing to  their  Promife. 

'  After  the  reading  of  this  Letter  from  Monke,  I 
perceived  moft  of  the  Members,  who  had  any  Affec- 
tion to  their  Country,  to  be  much  deje&ed.  But 
the  Parliament  having  diverted  themfelves  of  their 
own  Strength,  and  abandoned  all  into  the  Hands  of 


124       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

inter-regnuro.  Monke,   tho*  no  Man  had  ever  before  prefumed  to 
1659.       addrefs  himfelf  to  them  in  fo  infolent  a  Manner,  yet 

l~rrv — J  they  took  his  Letter  into  Confederation,  and  refol- 
ved  to  give  him  as  much  Satisfaaion  as  they  could 
with  any  Colour  of  Juftice.  To  that  End  they 
quickened  their  Committee  to  bring  in  their  Report 
touching  thofe  that  had  aded  in  the  late  Committee 
of  Safety.  They  ordered  Sir  Henry  Fane  to  depart 
the  Town  by  a  certain  Day,  and  that  Col.  Lambert 
fliould  render  himfelf  within  a  limited  Time.  They 
alfo  refolved  to  iffue  out  Writs  of  Summons  for  re- 
cruiting the  Houfe  ;  but  being  fully  perfuaded  that 
the  Charge  of  High  Treafon  againft  me  was  ground- 
lefs  and  frivolous,  they  omitted  to  make  any  Order 
concerning  it.  However,  being  defirous  to  procure 
fome  Relief  for  thofe  whom  I  had  left  at  Duncannony 
and  to  endeavour  that  the  Forces  in  Ireland  might 
be  put  into  good  Hands,  I  hoped  that,  if  I  fhould 
move  to  be  heard,  I  might  at  the  fame  Time  have 
an  Opportunity  to  prefs  the  two  laft  Things,  which 
I  efteemed  very  neceffary  in  that  Conjundure.  I 
defired,  therefore,  that  fmce  I  conceived  myfelf 
aimed  at  in  one  Part  of  Monke'*  Letter,  the  Parlia- 
ment would  be  pleafed  to  hear  me  in  Vindication  of 
my  Innocence  :  But  I  could  not  obtain  a  prefent 
Hearing,  my  Cafe  being  put  off  till  a  farther  Time, 
and  then  delayed  from  Day  to  Day,  till  the  Diffipa- 
tion  of  thofe  who  mould  have  been  my  Judges. 

*  Sir  Henry  Vane,  according  to  the  late  Order, 
was  preparing  to  leave  the  Town;  of  which  having 
Notice,  I  went  to  make  him  a  Vifit  at  his  Houfe^ 
where  he  told  me  that,  unlefs  he  was  much  miftaken, 
Monke  had  yet  feveral  Mafks  to  pull  off;  aflurino-  me, 
for  what  concerned  himfelf,  that  he  had  all  poilible 
Satisfaaion  of  Mind  as  to  thofe  Aaions  God  had 
enabled  him  to  do  for  the  Commonwealth,  and  ho- 
ped the  fame  God  would  fortify  him  in  his  Suffer- 
ings, how  fharp  foever,  to  bear  a  faithful  and  con- 
Itant  I  eftimony  thereto.  Monke  havino-  alarmed 
the  Parliament  by  the  forefaid  Letter,  and  either  not 
daring  to  truft  himfelf  at  Whitehall,  or  thinkino- 
London  a  fitter  Place  to  purfue  his  Defign  in,  he  re- 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       125 

tired  with  his  Forces  into  the  City,  where  he  mufter- 
ed  his  Men,  and  was  fplendidly  entertained  at  Din- 
ner  by  the  Mayor  and  others.  Hereupon  the  Par- 
liament,  who  endeavoured  by  all  Means  to  give  him 
Satisfaction,  fent  Mr.  Thomas  Scott  and  Mr.  Luke 
Robinfon^  who  had  been  their  Commiffioners  to 
him,  as  I  mentioned  before,  to  aflure  him  of  their 
good  Intentions  towards  him.  But  he  having  now 
fortified  himfelf  by  the  Conjunction  of  the  City,  be- 
gan to  treat  them  in  a  Manner  much  different  from, 
his  former  Carriage,  not  admitting  them,  without 
Difficulty,  to  his  Prefence ;  and,  when  he  cond*- 
fcended  to  fpeak  to  them,  his  Difcourfe  tended  al- 
ways to  the  fame  Purpofe  with  his  Letter,  afperfing 
the  Proceedings  of  the  Parliament ;  and,  amongft 
other  Things,  reproaching  them  with  their  Favour  to 
me,  as  Mr.  Scott  afterwards  informed  me ;  infomuch 
that  he  who  had  fo  lately  undertaken  to  the  Parlia- 
ment for  Monke's  Integrity  and  Fidelity  to  their 
Service,  began  to  lofe  all  Hopes  of  him.  Yet  for  all 
his  infolent  Carriage  to  the  Parliament  and  their 
Commiffioners,  his  Party  in  the  Houfe  had  the  Con- 
fidence to  move  that  he  might  be  made  General  of 
their  Forces,  the  Time  limited  by  A61  of  Parlia- 
ment, for  commiffionating  him,  with  others,  to 
command  the  Army  in  England  and  Scotland,  being 
almoft  expired.  Many  Arguments  were  ufed  to 
that  End,  tho'  thofe  which  were  moft  preffed  were 
taken  from  the  Confideration  of  the  prefent  Pofture 
of  their  Affairs. 

.«  But  the  Parliament  ftill  retaining  fome  Sparks 
of  that  Courage  with  which  they  had  been  formerly 
animated,  and  having  found,  by  fad  Experience,  what 
Miferies  they  had  brought  upon  the  Nation  and 
themfelves,  by  trufting  Cromwell  and  others  too  far, 
chofe  rather  to  perifh  by  the  Hands  of  an  Enemy,  if 
Monke  ftiould  refolve  to  be  fo,  than  by  the  Delufions 
of  a  pretended  Friend :  And  therefore,  having  re- 
jected the  Propofition  to  make  him  General,  they 
pafled  a  Vote,  That  their  Armies  in  England  and 
Scotland  fhould  be  governed  by  Commiffioners,  the 


126     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Number  of  them  to  be  five,  and  any  three  of  them 
to  make  a  Quorum.  But  that  they  might  avoid,  as 
much  as  poffible,  to  give  him  the  leaft  juft  Caufe  of 
f  cbruary.  Difcontent>  they  firft  agreed  that  he  fhould  be  one 
of  the  faid  Commiffioners :  Then  they  proceeded  to 
the  Nomination  of  the  reft,  and  choie  Sir  Arthur 
Hafilrigge,  ftho'  he  earneftly  preiTed  them  to  excufe 
him)  Col.  Morley,  and  Col.  Walton.  Thefe  four 
being  eleded,  it  was  vifible  that  the  Balance  of  the 
Commiflion  would  be  in  the  fifth  Man  that  fhould 
be  chofen,  Monke  having,  in  a  Manner,  declared 
himfelf  our  Enemy,  and  Col.  Morley  being  fuffi- 
ciently  known  to  be  of  a  temporizing  Spirit. 

'  Hereupon  Monke's  Party  in  the  Houie  moved 
that  Sir  Anthony  A/hley  Cooper  might  be  the  fifth 
Commiffioner ;  and,  on  the  other  Side,  the  Com- 
monwealth Party  had  refolved  to  ufe  thti:  Endea- 
vours for  Major-General  Ovcrtsn  :  But  upon  Con- 
fideration  of  the  Differences  that  had  been  between 
him  and  Monke,  whereby  they  feared  he  would  not 
pafs,  they  laid  afide  that  Refolution,  and  agreed  to  put 
up  Col.  Alured.  Sir  Anthony  AJhley  Cooper,  being  firft 
named,  was  firft  put  to  the  Queftion,  and  by  the 
Majority  of  Votes  excluded.  Col.  Alured  being  next 
propofed,  the  Queftion  was  carried  for  him,  to  the 
great  Satisfaction  of  the  Commonwealth  Party. 

'  Whereupon,  fitting  by  Col.  Martin  in  the  Houfe, 
and  being  perfuaded  of  the  Integrity  of  the  major 
Part  of  thefe  Commiffioners,  I  defired  him  to  move 
that  the  Command  of  the  Forces  in  Ireland  might 
be  inferted  in  this  Commiflion,  which,  upon  his 
Motion,  was  ordered  accordingly ;  and  the  Aft,  be- 
ing but  fhort,  was  read  thrice,  and  pafled  before  the 
rifing  of  the  Houfe  :  And  this  I  did,  becaufe  I  found 
no  other  probable  Way  open  to  force  the  Power  in 
Ireland  out  of  the  Hands  of  thofe  that  had  ufurped 
it.  Though  thefe  Proceedings  did  not  a  iitde  difturb 
Monke,  yet  he  endeavoured  to  difguife  his  Difiatis- 
fa£lk>n,  and  began  again  to  court  the  Members  of 
Parliament  more  than  before;  whilft,  with  the  Ad- 
vice and  Afliftance  of  his  Party  in  the  City,  he  was 
forming  a  Militia  there,  and  nominating  Officers  to 


Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      127 

command  them,  who  were  chofen  for  thatPurpofe,  Inter-regnuro. 
rather  on  Account  of  their  Difaffe&ion  to  the  Par-       l6S9- 
liament,  than  any  other  grood  Quality  to  be  found    *-— "v~— •* 
among  them.  Feb^' 

*  Having  received  Advice  of  thefe  Tranfaclions, 
I  acquainted  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge  with  my  Informa- 
tion, and  defired  him  to  think  of  fome  fpeedy  Re- 
medy, propofmg  that  he  would  caufe  our  fcattered 
Forces  to  rendezvous  forthwith.  But  Sir  Arthur 
was  fo  deluded  by  the  Hypocrify  of  Monke,  that  he 
affured  me  he  had  given  him  all  the  Satisfaction, 
both  by  Words  and  Letters,  that  a  Man  could  give 
touching  his  Integrity  to  the  Parliament ;  fhewing 
me,  and  divers  other  Members  of  Parliament,  two 
Letters,  which  he  had  lately  received  from  him, 
wherein  were  many  Expreffions  of  his  Zeal  for  the 
Eftablifliment  of  a  Commonwealth,  with  earneft 
Defires  that  there  might  be  no  Difference  between 
them  touching  the  Way,  feeing  they  were  both  in- 
tirely  agreed  in  the  fame  End.' 

Neither  mufl  we  forget  the  Lord  Whltlocke  in  our 
Searches  after  the  Hiftory  of  thofe  Times ;  for,  tho* 
Jftill  in  his  Country  Retirement,  yet  we  find,  by  his 
Memoirs,  that  he  had  very  good  Intelligence  of 
what  was  doing  in  Town.  This  Writer,  after  tel- 
ling us  of  Monke's  March  into  London,  and  of  an 
Order  made  by  the  Houfe,  That  he  fhould  attend 
the  Parliament  and  receive  their  Senfe,  in  relation 
to  his  fignal  and  faithful  Services,  has  left  us  a  larger 
Account  of  the  General's  Speech  in  the  Houfe,  than 
either  of  the  foregoing. 

He  fays,  '  That  when  Scott  reported  that  Monkey. 
was  come  to  attend  the  Houfe,  and  was  in  the 
Court  of  Wards,  the  Serjeant  at  Arms  was  fent  for 
him,  and  brought  him  into  the  Houfe,  accompa- 
nied with  Scott  and  Roblnfon.  After  his  Obeifance, 
a  Chair  of  Velvet  being  fet  for  him  on  the  Left 
Hand  within  the  Bar,  the  Speaker  defired  him  to  fit 
down ;  but  he  defired  to  be  excufed,  and  flood  be- 
hind the  Chair,  whilft  the  Speaker  made  a  Speech 


ia8     The  Parliamentary  HisroRr 

Inter-regnum.  to  him,  magnifying  his  Service  and  Merits,  and  gi- 

l659v       ving  him  the  hearty  Thanks  of  the  Houfe. 
*TTV-'11^        '  Monfce  anfwered  him,  extolling  the  Mercy  of 
e  ruary.     fae'ir  Restitution,  and  acknowledging  the  Goodneis 
of  God  to  him,  in  making  him  inftrumental  there- 
in j  which  was  but  his  Duty,  and  deferved  not  the 
Honour  they  had  done  him.     He  told  them  of  the 
many  Addrefies  to  him,  in  his  Journey,  for  a  free 
and  full  Parliament,  and  that  this  Parliament  would 
determine  their  fitting. 

'  That,  as  to  the  fecluded  Members,  he  anfwered 
them,  That  this  Parliament  had  already  given  their 
Judgment,  in  which  ail  ought  to  acquiefce ;  and 
that  no  Parliament  had  admitted  new  Members  to 
fit  without  a  previous  Oath  or  Engagement ;  and 
he  now  faith  it  to  the  Parliament,  that  the  lefs 
Oaths  and  Engagements  are  impofed,  the  Settle- 
ment will  be  the  (boner  attained;  and  he  hoped  the 
Parliament  would  be  careful  that  neither  the  Cava- 
lier nor  Fanatic  Party  have  yet  a  Share  in  the  Civil 
or  Military  Power. 

'  Then  he  fpake  of  Ireland  and  of  Scotland,  who 
feared  nothing  more  than  to  be  over-run  with  Fa- 
natic Notions ;  and  he  defired  a  Settlement  there, 
and  their  Favour  to  that  Nation. 

'  Part  of  his  Speech  troubled  and  amufed  fome  of 
his  Mafters  of  the  Parliament;  and  how  himfelf 
purfued  what  he  pretended,  will  afterwards  appear/ 

We  have  now  done  with  all  the  Quotations  from 
old  Authorities,  which  we  think  neceiFary  to  intro- 
duce, towards  clearing  up  the  Hiftory  to  this  Pe- 
riod, and  proceed  with  the  Journals  for  the  fuc- 
ceeding  Days  of  this  Month. 

February  13.  The  firft  Thing  we  find  on  this 
The  Journal:.  Day  is  another  Order  of  the  Houfe,  for  the  Serjeant 
at  Arms  to  carry  Sir  Henry  Vane  to  his  Houfe  at 
Bellew,  in  the  County  of  Lincoln.  A  Proclamation 
was  alfo  read  and  agreed  to  by  the  Houfe,  for  Col. 
John  Lambert  to  render  himfelf,  on  a  Day  fixed, 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       129 

to  the  Council  of  State,  and  give  an  Account  of  his  later- regnum. 
Contempt  of  the  Order  of  Parliament  j  or,  in  De-        l659- 
fault  thereof,  that  his  Eftate,  Real  and  Perfonal,    ^~^^~J 
be  fequeftered.    This  Proclamation  to  be  forthwith 
printed,  publifhed,  and  proclaimed  by  the  Serjeant 
at  Arms,  in  Weftminftcr-Hall,  the  New  Palace- 
Tardy  and  at  the  Old  Exchange,  London. 

We  have  met  with  a  Copy  of  this  Proclamation, 
printed  amongft  the  various  Diurnals,  or  News 
Papers,  of  thefe  Times,  which  take  in  its  own 
Words : 


e  "I  T  jTHereas  John  Lambert ,  Efq;  being  com- A  Proclamation 

*  VV     manded  by  the  Parliament  to  repair  toasainft  **«*"*• 
'  one  of  his  Dwelling-Houfes,  moft  remote  from 

*  the  City  of  London,  in  order  to  the  Quiet  and  Peace 

*  of  the  Commonwealth,  and  afterwards,  upon  Re- 
«  queft  made  on  his  Behalf,  was  ordered  to  repair 
'  to  Holmby,  in  the  County  of  Northampton,  there 
'  to  remain  and  abide  during  the  Pleafure  of  Par- 
«  liament ;  to  which  Command  the  fad  John  Lam- 
'  bert  hath  not  fubmitted,  but  doth,  or  did  lately, 
'  lye  privately  in  and  about  the  City  of  London,  as 

*  is  informed,  and  is  Vehemently  fufpe&ed  to  have 
'  promoted,  countenanced,  and  abetted  the  late  Mu- 

*  tiny  and  Tumult  at  Somerfet-Houfe,  in  the  Strand, 
'  upon  the  fecond  of  February,  1659  :  It  is  therefore 
«  ordered  that  the  faid  John  Lambert  do  render  him- 
'  felf,  by  Thurfday  next,  to  the  Council  of  State,  to 

*  give  an  Account  of  his  Contempt  of  Order  of  Par- 
'  liament ;  and,  in  Default  thereof,  the  Eftate,  Real 
'  and  Perfonal,  of  the  faid  John  Lambert,  is  to  be 
'  feized  and  fequeftered  to  and  for  the  Ufe  of  the 

*  Commonwealth  :  And  the  Commiffioners  of  Se- 
'  queftrations  fitting  at  HaberdaJhers-Hall,  in  Lon- 

*  don,  are  hereby  commanded  to  fequefter  the  fame 
'  accordingly :  And  it  is  further  ordered,  That  this 
'  prefent   Order  be   proclaimed   and  publiflied  in 
'  IVejlminJler,  according  to  ufual  Courfe.' 

VOL.  XXII.  I  «.0r- 

130     *T^  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.      «  Ordered,  alfo,  That  the  Members  of  this  Houfc, 
l659»       who  had  acted  at  the  pretended  Committee  of  Safe- 

V*  •— \/~**J  ty?  (10  appear  in  Parliament  on  this  Day  Se'nnight; 
February.  ^  jjoufe  tnen  to  go  upon  the  Bufmefs  relating  to 
the  faid  Members,  the  firft  Thing,  and  nothing  to 
intervene.'  A  Committee  likewife  was  appointed  to 
fend  for  Henry  Scobe/l,  Efq;  and  Mr.  Robin/on^  late 
Clerk  to  the  Committee  of  Safety,  to  examine  all 
the  Books,  Papers,  &c.  that  are  in  their  Hands,  par- 
ticularly a  Draught  of  a  Form  of  Government,  pre- 
fented  to  the  faid  Committee,  and  report  their  Opi- 
nion which  of  the  Things  were  worthy  for  the  Con- 
fideration  of  Parliament. 

The  Vote  was  alfo  renewed  for  a  Month's  Pay 
to  be  forthwith  advanced  to  all  the  Forces  and  Gar- 
rifons  in  England;  the  Committee  for  the  Army  to 
provide  the  fame. 

February  14.  Mr.  Millington  reported  from  th? 
Committee,  to  whom  the  Bill  touching  the  Engage- 
ment was  referred,  the  Amendments  to  the  faid  Bill, 
which  were  twice  read,  and  then  it  was  refolved, 
That  the  Engagement  be  in  thefe  Words,  viz. 

I  A.  B.  do  promife  and  declare,  That  I  will  be  true 
find  faithful  to  the  Commonwealth  of  England,  and 
the  Government  thereof,  in  the  Way  of  a  Common- 
wealth  and  Free  State,  without  a  King,  Single  Per- 
fan,  or  Houfe  of  Lords. 

Lord-Commiffioner  Widdringt(m  and  Mr.  Solli- 
citor  Ellis  were  ordered  to  bring  in  an  A&  the  next 
Morning,  for  the  Council  of  State  to  take  this  En- 
gagement, inftead  of  the  Oath  of  Renunciation ;  and 
that,  upon  taking  thereof,  with  the  Refidue  of  the 
Inftrudtions  given  to  the  Council  of  State,  they  do 
fit  and  aft  with  the  reft  of  that  Council. 

February  15.  Letters  from  Col.  Over  ton  at  Hull. 
dated  February  12,  1659,  and  a  Declaration,  under 
the  Hands  of  feveral  Gentlemen  in  Ycrkfiire,  were 
read,  declaring  for  the  fecluded  Members,  or  a  Free 


Of   ENGLAND.       13* 

Parliament,  and  againft  paying  of  Taxes.  Referred  Inter-rcgnum. 
to  the  Council  of  State.  i*59- 

A  Paper  was  given  to  the  Houfe,  by  Alderman  *~^y~*~* 
Atkins,  of  feveral  Informations  taken  by  the  Lord 
Mayor  and  Aldermen  of  the  City  of  London  j  with 
their  Defire  that  it  might  be  examined,  the  fame 
being  fcandalous  to  divers  Members  of  Parliament. 
Referred  to  a  Committee. 

February  1 6.  The  A&  concerning  the  Oath,  or 
Engagement,  to  be  taken  by  the  Members  of  the 
Council  of  State,  was  read  a  fecond  Time,  with 
Amendments ;  and,  upon  the  Queftion,  paffed.—- 
Some  additional  Qualifications  for  Members  of  Par- 
liament were  alfo  brought  in,  read,  and  agreed  to  be 
Part  of  the  Bill.  A  Divifion  of  the  Houfe  happen- 
ing on  one  of  thefe  Additions,  the  Numbers  were 
I'j  to  26  j  which  we  mention  only  to  {hew  trte 
Strength  of  the  Houfe  at  that  Time. 

February  1 8.  Some  more  Additions  were  offered, 
but  rejected,  and  no  more  were  voted  to  be  added 
to  this  Bill ;  which,  upon  the  third  Reading,  was 
paffed,  and  ordered  to  be  printed  and  publifhed  : 
The  Title  to  be,  An  Aft  concerning  Elections  of 
Members  to  ferve  in  Parliament. 

This  extraordinary  Aft,  which  took  up  fo  much 
Time  to  model  and  make  fit  for  their  Purpofe,  we. 
have  never  yet  met  with  at  Length;  but  the  Reader 
will  have  fome  Notion  what  it  was,  by  the  follow- 
ing Abftraft  of  it,  taken  from  one  of  the  weekly 
News  Papers  of  thofe  Times,  publiftied  by  Autho- 
rity. Some  of  the  principal  Heads  of  this  A61  are 
as  followeth  : 

'  No  Perfon  who  hath  been  concerned  in  the  Irijh 

*  Rebellion,  or  who  are  ProfefTors  of  the  Popifti 

*  Religion,  or  who  have  married  a  Wife  of  the 
'  fame,  or  brought  up  his  Children  therein,  or  have 

*  been  in  Arms  againft  the  Parliament  fince  Jan.  i, 

*  1641,  unlefs  reftored  by  Commiifion  fince  May  7, 

*  1659,  an<^  continued  faithful  fince ;  or  fuch  as 

*  have  been  concerned  in  any  Plot  for  Charles  Stu- 

I  2  art 

132     The  Parliamentary  HisxofcY 

later- regnum.  c  art  fince  1648,  or  that  have  advifed  or  promoted 

*  a  Single  Perfon  fince  Jan.  I,  1659  ;  nor  any  Per- 

FebruaT1*1^  '  *°"   di^abled   by  A(^   J7'  ^*r'    intituled,  An  Aft 
r^'      '  difabling  Perfons  in  Holy  Orders  ;  neither  any  Per- 

*  fon  who  denieth  the  Scriptures  to  be  the  Word 

*  of  God,  or  the  Sacrament,  Prayer,  Magiftracy,  or 
4  Miniftry  to  be  the  Word  of  God ;  nor  fuch  as  -are 

*  guilty  of  any  of  the  Offences  in  the  Act  bearing 

*  Date  1650,  intituled,  An  Acl  againjl  federal  blaf- 
4  phemou*  and  execrable  Opinions,  derogatory  to  the 
4  Honour  of  God,  and  destructive  to  human  Socie- 
4  ty  j  no  common  Profaner  of  the  Lord's  Day,  no 
4  common  profane  Swearer  or  Curfer,  nor  common 
4  Drunkard  j  nor  the  Son  of  a  fequeftered  Perfon 
4  (unlefs  fuch  Sons  as  have  borne  Arms  for  the  Parlia- 
4  ment,  and  continued  faithful  thereto)  during  the 
4  Life  of  his  Father ;  nor  any  that  promife  or  give  a 
4  Reward  to  be  elected,  or  any  Entertainment  to  the 
4  Electors  ;  alfo  that  the  Elected  takes  the  Engage 
4  ment  before  he  fits  in  the  Houfe.    They  who  are 
4  elected  and  fit  in  Parliament,  contrary  to  thefe 
4  Qualifications,  to  forfeit  iooo/.  to  the  Common* 
4  wealth ;  and  thofe  who  elect  contrary  to  the  Tenor 
4  of  this  Aft,  to  forfeit  one  Part  of  their  Real  Eftate 
4  and  one  Part  of  their  Perfonal  Eftate  to  the  Com- 

*  mon wealth.' 

February  18.  Being  Saturday ,  the  Houfe,  on  the 
breaking  up,  adjourned  itfelf  to  Monday  the  20th  ; 
on  which  Day  we  meet  with  nothing  but  an  Hiatus, 
marked  with  fome  Afterifms,  in  the  Journals ;  the 
Reafon  of  which  will  be  explained  in  the  Sequel,  as 
well  as  the  following  extraordinary  Refolutions, 
which  are  entered  as  made  on  the  next  Day,  when 
we  find  the  Face  of  Things  greatly  changed  in  the 

Several  Refolu-  Refolved,  *  That  the  Refolution  of  this  Houfe, 
tionsfor  expun-of  the  l8th  of  December,  1648,  that  Liberty  be  gi- 
in  ven  to  the  Members  of  this  Houfe,  to  declare  their 
Diflent  to  the  Vote  of  the  5th  of  December,  1648  : 
That  the  King's  Anfwer  to  the  Propofitions  of 
fcoth  Hou&s,  was  a  Ground  for  this  Houfe  to  pro- 


Of    ENGLAND.       133 

teed  upon,  for  Settlement  of  the  Peace  of  the  King- 
dom,  be  vacated,  and  made  null  and  void,  and  ob- 
Jiterated.  February. 

Refolved,  «  That  the  Refolution  of  this  Houfe, 
of  the  20th  of  December •,  1648,  touching  Members 
declaring  their  Diflent  or  Difapproval  of  the  faid 
Vote,  of  the  5th  of  December ;  164.8,  to  a  Commit-r 
tee  therein  named  ;  and  every  Claufe  of  the  faid 
Order,  be  vacated,  and  made  null  and  void,  and 

Refolved,  «  That  the  Order  of  the  23d  of  Febru- 
ary y  1648,  that  no  Member  that  hath  not  fitten  in 
this  Houfe  fmce  the  31  ft  of  January  then  laft,  fhould 
fit  in  any  Committee,  until!  this  Houfe  take  further 
Order,  be  vacated,  and  made  null  and  void,  and  ob- 

Refolved,  «  That  the  feveral  Votes,  of  the  20th 
of  December,  1648,  touching  the  Manner  and  Entry 
of  the  difapproving  of  the  feveral  Members  to  the 
Vote  of  the  5th  of  December,  1648,  be  made  null 
and  void,  and  obliterated  out  of  the  Journal-Book. 

Refolved,  «  That  the  Vote  of  the  gth  of  June* 
1649,  touching  the  fufpending  the  fitting  of  fuch 
Members  as  fhould  not  enter  their  Diflent  or  Dif- 
approval of  the  faid  Vote  of  the  5th  of  December^ 
1648,  and  fhould  not,  before  the  30th  of  the  faid 
Month  of  June,  give  Satisfaction  to  the  faid  Com- 
mittee, and  that  the  Houfe  would  proceed  to  the 
Election  of  new  Members  in  their  room,  be  vaca- 
ted, and  made  null  and  void,  and  obliterated. 

Refolved,  «  That  all  Orders  of  this  Houfe  made 
upon  a  Paper,  intituled,  A  folemn  Protejlation  of  the 
imprifoned  and  feduded  Members  of  the  Commons 
Houfe,  again/I  the  horrid  Force  and  Violence  of  the 
Officers  and  Soldiers  of  the  Army,  on  Wednefday  and 
Thurfday  la/i,  being  the  6th  and  yth  of  December, 
1648,  be,  and  are  hereby,  vacated,  and  made  null 
and  void,  and  obliterated :  And  that  the  faid  Paper 
be  taken  off  the  File. 

Refolved,  «  That  the  Refolution  of  Parliament, 

<jf  the  5th  of  January,  1659,  for  confirming  thej 

I  3  former 


134     'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

former  Votes,  be  likewife  vacated,  and  made  null 
and  void,  and  obliterated. 

Refolved,  «  That  all  Votes  of  this  Houfe,  touch^ 
ing  new  Ele&ions  of  Members  to  fit  and  ferve  in  this 
Parliament,  be,  and  are  hereby,  vacated  :  And  that 
Mr.  Speaker  be,  and  is,  required  not  to  fign  any 
fuch  Orders. 

And  it  was  ordered  to  be  referred  to  Mr.  Ra- 
leigh, Col.  Pury,  Mr.  Weaver ^  Sir  Anthony  AJhlty 
Cooper,  Mr.  Annejley,  Mr.  Prynne,  or  any  three  of 
them,  who  were  to  meet  in  the  Speaker's  Chamber 
that  Afternoon,  to  expunge  and  obliterate  the  Votes 
and  Refolutions  of  the  Houfe,  vacated  this  Day  ; 
who  were  to  confider  what  other  Votes  there  are  of 
this  Nature,  and  to  report  their  Opinion  to  the  Par- 

Then  it  was  refolved,  6  That  General  George 
Monke  be  conftituted  and  appointed  Captain-Gene> 
ral  and  Commander  in  Chief,  under  the  Parlia- 
ment, of  all  the  Land  Forces  of  England,  Scotland^ 
and  Ireland 5  and  that  Vice- Admiral  Lawfon  be 
Continued  Vice- Admiral  of  the  Naval  Forces. 

The  Aft  appointing  Commiflioners  for  Govern- 
ment of  the  Army  being  next  read,  it  was  refolved, 
*  That  all  the  Powers  thereby  granted  to  General 
George  Monke,  Sir  Arthur  Hafilriggs,  Colonels 
Walton,  Merley,  and  Alurtd,  do  ceafe  j  and  that 
the  faid  Commiflioners  be  requir'd  to  forbear  to  pro- 
ceed to  aft  any  further  thereupon  j  and  Col.  Morley 
to  give  Notice  of  this  Vote  to  the  reft  of  the  faid 
Commiflioners  ;  and  an  A&  for  Repeal  of  the  faid 
A<£t  appointing  Commiffioners  for  Government  of 
the  Army  be  brought  in  by  the  before-mentioned 
Committee,  to  whom  Mr.  Scawtn  and  Mr.  Serjeant 
Maynard  were  to  be  added. 

Then  it  was  refolved,  That  Sir  Robert  Pye,  Ma- 
jor Fincber,  Mr.  Vinctnt,  Mr.  Bludworth,  Major 
Chamberlayne,  Col.  Blomfield,  Mr.  Jack/on,  Major 
C»x,  Mr.  Thomas  Browne,  and  Mr.  Rootes,  be  dif- 
^harged  of  their  Imprifonment,  upon  giving  Security 

Of   ENGLAND.       135 

to  the  Lieutenant  of  the  Tower  not  to  difturb  the  Inter-regnum* 

Peace  of  the  Commonwealth.     The  Lieutenant  of 

the  Tower  was  ordered  to  give  an  Account  to  the 

Parliament  the  next  Morning  of  the  Caufe  of  Sir 

George  Booth's  and  Major  Peter  Brooke's  Imprifon- 


Ordered,  *  That  all  fuch  Orders  as  have  been 
made  fince  Saturday  laft,  by  the  Council  of  State,  or 
Commiffioners  of  the  Army,  concerning  the  Forces 
and  Garrifons,  be  communicated  to  General  George 
Monke  ;  and  that  there  be  no  Proceedings  upon  any 
of  the  faid  Orders,  without  the  Approbation  of  the 
faid  General  Monke. 

Refolded,  «  That  all  the  Powers  given  to  the 
Council  of  State  be,  and  are  hereby,  fufpended  until! 
the  Parliament  take  further  Order ;  and  that  Mr. 
f leaver  do  give  Notice  of  this  Order  to  the  Council 
of  State,  and  leave  the  Order  with  the  Clerk  of  the 

Ordered,  «  That  Serjeant  Maynard,  Mr.  Prynne% 
and  Mr.  Solicitor  Ellis  ^  do  bring  in  a  Bill  this  After- 
noon for  conftituting  a  new  Council  of  State. 

In  the  Afternoon  of  this  Day  the  Order  of  the 
9th  of  February^  for  difcontinuing  the  prefent  Com- 
mon Council  of  the  City  of  London^  was  vacated  : 
And  it  was  refolved,  That  the  Lord  Mayor,  Alder- 
men, and  Common  Council  of  the  City  of  London^ 
have  Liberty  to  make  up  their  Gates,  Pofts,  Port- 
cullices,  and  Chains,  as  they  (hall  fee  Caufe,  and 
Sir  Gilbert  Gerrard^  Mr.  Vajjel*  and  Alderman  At- 
kiny  were  ordered  to  deliver  thefe  Votes  to  the  Lord 
Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Common  Council. 

It  was  alfo  ordered,  That  Mr.  Sollicitor-Gene- 
ral,  Mr.  Serjeant  Glynn^  and  Mr.  Serjeant  Maynard* 
do  bring  in  a  Bill  for  repealing  the  Aft  conftituting 
Commiffioners  for  Government  of  the  Army. 

Mr.  Weaver  acquainted  the  Houfe,  that  he  had 
given  Notice  to  the  Council  of  State  of  the  Order  of 
the  Houfe  for  fufpending  them,  and  that  ready  Obe- 
dience was  yielded  thereunto. 

Mr.  Serjeant  Maynard  reported  a  Bill,  conftitu- 
ting a  Council  of  State,  which  was  read  the  firft 


136     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter- rcgnum.  and  fecond  Time  this  Day,  and,  upon  the  Queftion-, 
l659-       committed  to  a  Committee,   who  were  to  meet 

**-Tv^~~'    that  Afternoon  in  the  Speaker's  Chamber,   with 
'ary*      Power  to  confider  of  thefe  Inftrudiojis,  and  of  for- 
mer Inftrudtions  given  to  the  Council  of  State,  and 
to  prefent  fuch  Inftrudtions  to  the  Parliament  as  they 
iliould  think  fit  for  their  Confutation. 

Then  it  was  refolved,  That  the  Number  of  the 
Council  of  State  be  Thirty- one;  thatGeneralGW^? 
Monke  be  one  of  the  Council  of  State  j  and  that  the 
refpe&ive  Members  of  Parliament  prepare  their 
Papers  to  make  up  Thirty  Perfons  more  to  be  of  the 
Council  of  State,  who  were  to  be  chofen  by  Glades, 
as  formerly  accuftomed,  the  next  Morning. 

Mr.  Cheftvy  High-Sheriff  of  Buckingham/hire, 
Henry  Brooke,  Efq;  Sir  Jthn  Norcott,  Sir  JVilliam 
Courtney i  Sir  Richard  Temple ,  Sir  Coplejlwi  Bamfield, 
and  the  Apprentices  of  London,  now  in  Prifon  at 
Lambeth- Houfe,  were  ordered  to  be  difcharged  from 
their  Imprifonment  ;  and  the  Keeper  of  Windfor 
Caftle  was  ordered  to  certify  to  the  Parliament  the 
Caufes  of  the  Imprifonment  of  the  Earls  of  Craw- 
ford and  Laudtrdaby  a.nd  Lord  Saintcleir,  now  in 
Prifon  there. 

February  22.  It  was  refolved,  That  Sir  George 
Booth  be  difcharged  from  his  Imprifonment  in  the 
Tower,  upon  giving  5000  L  Bail  toanfwer  anything 
that  {hall  be  obje&ed  againft  him,  and  the  Sequeftra- 
tion  of  his  Eftate  was  fufpended  untill  the  Parliament 
take  further  Order.  Mr.  Faunt,  Sheriff  of  the 
County  of  Leicejler,  was  alfo  difcharged  from  his 

Sir  Gilbert  Gerrard  reported,  That  he  acquainted 
the  Lord  Mayor  and  Aldermen  of  London,  with  the 
Refolves  made  Yefterday  j  and  that  they  return  their 
humble  Thanks  to  the  Parliament  for  their  Refpeds 
to  the  City. 

Then  it  was  refolved,  That  the  Gates,  Portcul- 
lices,  and  Pofts,  of  the  City  of  London,  be  made  up 
at  the  public  Charge  of  the  State. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

February  23.  It  was  ordered,  '  That  Sir  William  Inter-regnum« 

ann,  now  in  Prifon  in  Dover-Caftle,  Sir  John 
Boys,  Mr.  William  Sumner,  and  all  other  Perfons  who 
flood  committed  only  for  tendering  an  Addrefs,  of 
Declaration,  for  a  Free  Parliament,  be  difoharged 
from  their  Imprifonment ;  and  all  Warrants  for  ap^ 
prehending  Perfons  for  making  any  fuch  Declara- 
tions or  Addrefles,  were  declared  null  and  void.' 

Refolved,  «  That  all  the  Militias  in  the  refpeclive 
Counties,  and  the  Powers  given  to  them,  be  revo- 
ked j  that  the  levying  of  any  Men,  Monies,  Horfes, 
or  Arms,  be  forborne  j  that  this  Vote  be  forthwith 
printed  and  publifhed  ;  that  the  Members  do  fend 
them  into  their  refpe£Kve  Counties  by  the  Poft  this 
Night ;  and  that  a  Committee  be  appointed  to  bring 
in  a  Bill  for  fettling  the  feveral  Militias  in  the  re- 
fpe&ive  Counties.* 

The  Houfe,  according  to  former  Order,  pro- 
ceeded in  the  Election  of  the  Council  of  State  ;  and, 
after  telling  the  Houfe  by  Order  of  the  Speaker, 
there  appeared  to  be  113  Members  prefent,  the  fol- 
lowing, after  being  balloted,  were  feverally  refolved 
to  be  the  Council  of  State,  viz.  William  Pierpoint, 
John  Crew,  Col.  RoJJiter,  Richard  Knightley,  Col. 
Popham,  Col.  Morley,  Lord  Fairfax,  Sir  Anthony 
Ajhley  Cooper,  Sir  Gilbert  Gerrard,  Lord  Chief  Juftice 
St.  John,  Lord  Commiflioner  Widdrington,  Sir  John 
Evelyn,  of  Wits,  Sir  William  Waller,  Sir  Richard 
On/low,  Sir  William  Lewis,  Col.  Edward  Monta- 
gue, Col.  Edward  Harley,  Richard  Norton,  Arthur 
Annefley,  Denzil  Holies,  Sir  John  Temple,  Col.  George 
Thompfon,  John  Trevor,  Sir  John  Holland,  Sir  John 
Potts,  Col.  John  Birch,  Sir  Harbottle  Grim  ft  on, 
John  Swinfen,  John  Weaver,  and  Serjeant  Maynard. 
Mr.  Anne/ley  was  ordered  to  bring  in  Inftrudtions 
for  the  Council  of  State  the  next  Morning. 

Sir  Richard  On/low  reported,  «  That  the  Com- 
mittee appointed  Yefterday  had,  according  to  the 
Command  of  the  Parliament,  acquainted  the  Lord 
Mayor  and  Aldermen  of  the  City  of  London  with  the 
Votes  of  the  Parliament ;  and  that  the  City  was  fa 
forward  to  exprefs  their  Affections  to  the  Parlia- 

138     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

loter-regnum,  ment,  that,  notwithftanding  the  great  Decay  of 
Trade,  and  Poverty  of  the  City,  they  did  offer  to 
advance  60,000  /.  towards  the  prefent  Supply  of  the 
Army  and  Navy  i  and  did  therefore  humbly  requeft 
the  Parliament  to  appoint  fome  of  the  Aldermen  of 
the  City  to  receive  the  Afleffments,  for  their  Reirn- 

The  City  of  Lou-     The  Houfe  being  informed   that   divers  Aldcr- 
<fc*'s  verbal  Ad-men  of   tj^e  Qty  of  London  were  at  the  Door. 

drefs   to  Parha-  ,  11    j  •  j      i_    •  i       T§ 

meat  j  they  were  called  in  ;    and,  being  come  to  the  Bar, 

Mr.  Alderman  Fowke  acquainted  the  Houfe,  '  That 
the  Lord  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Common  Coun- 
cil of  the  City  of  London,  being  fenfible  of  the  Good- 
nels  of  God,  in  uniting  the  Parliament,  and  refto- 
ring  the  Members  to  the  Difcharge  of  their  Truft, 
thought  it  their  Duty,  upon  their  firft  Meeting,  to 
give  Glory  to  God,  and  had  fet  apart  Tuefday  next 
for  a  Day  of  Thankfgiving  :  That  they  acknow- 
ledge it  their  Duty  to  return  their  humble  Thanks 
for  the  Favour  of  the  Parliament,  exprefled  in  their 
late  Votes ;  and  the  Seafonablenefs  of  it :  That 
though  they  had  been  laid  low,  and  not  fully  an- 
fwered  what  had  been  expected  from  them  ;  and 
had  been  looked  upon  as  Perfons  difaffe&ed  to  the 
Parliament ;  tho'  they  were  in  fome  Things  difia- 
tisfied,  yet  they  were  ever  Well-willeis  to  the  Par- 
liament. He  did,  with  Thankfulnefs,  own  the  Re- 
folutions  of  the  Parliament,  in  reftoring  the  Mem- 
bers that  were  iinprifoncd  j  and  in  ordering  their 
Gates,  Portcullices,  Potts,  and  Chains,  to  be  fet  up 
at  the  public  Charge  of  the  State  :  That  the  Con- 
fidence the  Parliament  put  in  the  City  would  not 
be  mifplaced,  nor  their  Expectations  fruftrated :  That 
the  City  did  congratulate  the  happy  Return  of  the 
Parliament :  That  they  found  fome  Perfons  for  a 
Monarchical,  fome  for  a  Commonwealth,  fome  for 
no  Government  at  all.  The  laft  they  did  diflike ; 
for  the  other  they  would  not  prefume  to  direct,  but 
Ihould  acquiefce  and  fubmit  to  the  Determination 
of  Parliament;  And  concluded  with  an  humble 
Defire,  That  the  Militia  of  the  City  might  be  put 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         139 

into  fuch  Hands  as  the  City  might  confide  in  :  And,  Inter-rejnum, 
to  that  End,  tendered  a  Lift  of  Names  of  Commif- 
fioners  for  their  Militia  ;  yet  with  humble  Subrnif- 
fion  to  the  Judgment  of  the  Parliament.  And  alfo 
deliver'd  aPetition,  which,  after  the  Petitioners  were 
withdrawn,  was  read,  and  was  addrefied  to  the 
Parliament  of  England,  and  intituled,  The  humble  Pe- 
tition of  the  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Commons  of  the 
City  of  London,  in  Common  Council  affembled? 

The  Petitioners  being  called  in  again,  Mr.  Speaker 
gave  them  this  Anfwer  : 

'  Gentlemen,  If  we  may  meafure  Affections  by  theTbanksreturn'4 
Number  of  the  Perfons  that  came  to  prefent  yourty  the  Houfe. 
Petition,  we  may  fay  you  brought  the  Affections  of 
the  whole  City  with  you.  Your  Expreffions  at  the 
Bar  intimate  no  lefs  ;  and  you  may  reft  aflured  of 
the  like  from  the  Parliament,  you  acknowledging 
that  Duty  and  Refpe&  which  is  due  from  you  to  the 
Parliament.  They  have  read  your  Petition,  and  have 
alfo  already  read  your  Lift,  and  patted  it,  as  you  de- 
fired.  The  Members  of  Parliament,  who  were  Ye- 
fterday  with  the  Lord  Mayor  and  Aldermen,  have 
made  a  Report  of  the  great  Readinefs  of  the  City  to 
advance  Money  for  the  prefent  Supply  of  the  Army 
and  Navy.  Whatever  Miftakes  have  been  formerly, 
it  can't  but  be  an  happy  Day  to  all  but  our  Enemies, 
in  that  all  the  Affections  of  the  City  and  Parliament 
are  joined  together.  You  have  Ihewed  yours,  as 
well  by  your  Words  as  Actions.  And  the  Par- 
liament have  commanded  me,  for  your  good  Af- 
re6tions  and  Actions,  to  give  you  hearty  Thanks  : 
And,  in  their  Names,  I  do  give  you  very  hearty 

Then  it  was  refolved,  That  Tuefday  the  2$th 
Inft.  be  fet  apart  for  a  Day  of  Thankfgiving  to  the 
Lord,  to  be  obferved  by  the  Parliament  in  Mar- 
garet's Church,  Weftminfier^  for  the  happy  Union  df 
the  Parliament,  and  the  Return  of  their  Members  to 
the  Difcharge  of  their  Truft ;  and  ordered,  That 
Mr,  Calamy  be  defired  to  carry  on  the  Work  of  the 


140       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum,  Day,  and  Mr.  Annefley  to  give  him  Notice  there-* 
1<559-        Of. 

A  Letter  from  General  Monke^  at  Whitehall^  of 
the  aiftof  February,  1659,  was  read:  This  is  all 
the  Intimation  the  Journals  give  us  of  a  Letter  of 
this  Date ;  but  the  old  Collection  which  we  have 
mentioned  calls  it  a  Speech  and  a  Declaration  which 
the  General  made  to  the  Houfe  at  Whitehall,  on 
Tuefday,  February  21,  from  which  Authority  we 
ihall  here  introduce  them.  k 

'The  SPEECH  of  bis  Excellency  the  Lord-General 


A  Speech  and  <  "\7'OU  are  not,  I  hope,  ignorant  what  Care  and 
?hf  SfaLn°t  '  I  Endeavours  have  been  ufed,  and  Means  ef- 
from  General  '  fayed,  for  healing  the  Breaches  of  our  Divifions 

*  amongft  ourfelves ;  and  that,  in  order  thereunto, 

*  divers  Conferences  have  been  procured  between 

*  you,  though  to  fmall  Effect ;  yet  having  at  length 

*  received  fuller  Satisfaction  from  thefe  worthy  Gen- 

*  tlemen  that  were  fecluded  than  formerly,  I  was 

*  bold  to  put  you  all  to  the  Trouble  of  this  Meeting, 

*  that  I  might  open  myfelf  to  you  all,  even  with 

*  more  Freedom  than  formerly:  But,  left  I  might  be 
e  mifapprehended  or  miftaken,  as  of  late  it  befell 

*  me,  I  have  committed  to  writing  the  Heads  of 

*  what  I  intended  to  difcourfe  to  you,  and  defire  it 
'  may  be  read  openly  to  you  all.' 

c  TT  appears  unto  me,  by  what  I  have  heard  from 

*  JL  you  and  the  whole  Nation,  that  the  Peace  and 
'  happy  Settlement  of  thefe  bleeding  Nations,  next 

*  under  God,  lyeth  in  your  Hands.     And  when  I 

*  confider   that  Wifdom,   Piety,   and    Self-denial, 
e  which  I  have  Reafon  to  be  confident  lodgeth  in 

«  you  ; 

fc  Thefe  were  alfo  printed  by  themfelves  in  a  ftngle  Pamphlet,  by 
the  General's  Order,  for  John  Playford,  in  the  Temple,  1659. 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       141 

*  you ;  and  how  great  a  Share  of  the  Nation's  Suf-  Jnter-rcgnum. 

*  ferings  will  fall  upon  you,  in  cafe  the  Lord  deny       '^Sfr 
'  us  now  a  Settlement,  I  am  in  very  good  Hopes  *~~~F7" 

*  there  will  be  found  in  you  all  fuch  melting  Bowels 
'  towards  thefe  poor  Nations,  and  towards  one  ano- 

*  ther,  that  you  will  become  Healers  and  Makers- 

*  up  of  all  its  woful  Breaches.     And  that  fuch  an 

*  Opportunity  may  clearly  appear  to  be  in  your 

*  Hands,  I  thought  good  to  afTure  you,  and  that  in 
1  the  Prefence  of  God,  that  I  have  nothing  before 

*  my  Eyes  but  God's  Glory,  and  the  Settlement  of 

*  thefe  Nations  upon  Commonwealth  Foundations: 
6  In  purfuit  whereof  Ifliall  think  nothing  too  dear; 
'  and,  for  my  own  Particular,  I  {hall  throw  myfelf 

*  down  at  your  Feet,  to  be  any  thing  or  nothing  in 

*  order  to  thefe  great  Ends. 

4  As  to  the  Way  of  future  Settlement,  far  be  iC 

*  from  me  to  impofe  any  thing;  I  defire  you  may  be 

*  in  perfect  Freedom  ;  only  give  me  Leave  to  mind 
'  you,  that  the  old  Foundations  are,  by  God's  Pro- 

*  vidence,  fo  broken,  that,  in  the  Eye  of  Reafon, 
'  they  cannot  be  reftored,  but  upon  the  Ruin  of  the 
6  People  of  thefe  Nations,  that  have  engaged  for 
'  their  Rights  in  Defence  of  the  Parliament,  and  the 
'  great  and  main  Ends  of  the  Covenant,  for  uniting 
(  and  making  the  Lord's  Name  one  in  the  Three 

*  Nations.     And  alfo  the  Liberty  of  the  People's 
'  Reprefentatives  in  Parliament  will  certainly  be 

*  loft ;  for  if  the  People  find  that,  after  fo  long  and 

*  bloody  a  War  againft  the  King  for  breaking  in 

*  upon  their  Liberties,  yet  at  laft  he  muft  be  taken 

*  in  again,  it  will  be  out  of  Queftion,  and  is  moft 

*  manifeft,  he  may  for  the  future  govern  by  his 

*  Will,  difpofe  of  Parliaments  and  Parliament-Men 
6  as  he  pleafeth,  and  yet  the  People  will  never  more 

*  rife  for  their  Afliftance. 

'  And  as  to  the  Interefts  of  this  famous  City, 

*  (which  hath  been,  in  all  Ages,  the  Bulwark  of 

*  Parliaments,  and  unto  whom  I  am,  for  their  great 

*  AffecYion,  fo  deeply  engaged)  certainly  it  muft  lye 

*  in  a  Commonwealth  ;  that  Government  only  be - 

'  ing 

142        The  Parliamentary  HISTORV 

Inter-regnutm  4  ing  capable  to  make  them,  through  the  Lord's 
l659-        <  Bleffing,  the  Metropolis  and  Bank  of  Trade  for  all 
<r"7v~"*"J    '  Chriftendom,  whereunto  God  and  Nature  hath 
tuafy'     «  fitted  them  above  all  others. 

4  And  as  to  a  Government  in  the  Church,  the 
4  Want  whereof  hath  been  no  fmall  Caufe  of  thefe 
«  Nations  Diftra&ions ;  it  is  moft  manifeft,  that,  if 

*  it  be  Monarchical  in  the  State,  the  Church  muft 
4  follow,  and  Prelacy  muft  be  brought  in ;  which 
'  thefe  Nations,  I  know,  cannot  bear,  and  againft 

*  which  they  have  fo  folemnly  fworn :  And  indeed 
4  moderate,  not  rigid,   Prefbyterian  Government, 

*  with  a  fufficient  Liberty  for  Confciences  truly  ten- 
4  der,  appears  at  prefent  to  be  the  molt  indifferent 
4  and  acceptable  Way  to  the  Church's  Settlement. 

'  The  main  Thing  that  feems  to  lye  in  the  Way 

*  is  the  Intereft  of  the  Lords,  even  of  thofe  Lords 
'  who  have  {hewed  themfelves  Noble  indeed,  by 
4  joining  with  the  People;  and,  in  Defence  of  thole 
4  juft  Rights,  have  adventured  their  deareft  Blood 

*  and  large  Eftates.    To  that  I  fhall  only  fay,  That 
4  though  the  State  of  thefe  Nations  be  fuch  as  can- 
f  not  bear  their  fitting  in  a  diftin£t  Houfe,  yet  cer- 
4  tainly  the  Wifdom  of  Parliament  will  find  out  fuch 
4  hereditary  Marks   of  Honour  for  them,  as  may 
4  make  them  more  Noble  in  After-ages. 

'  Gentlemen,  Upon  the  whole  Matter,  the  beft 
c  Refult  that  I  can  make  at  prefent  for  the  Peace  of 

*  thefe  Nations,  will  be,  in  my  Opinion,  that  you 
'  forthwith   go  to  fit  together  in  Parliament,   in 

*  order, 

1.  4  To  the  fettling  the  Conduct  of  the  Armies 
c  of  the  Three  Nations  in  that  Manner  as  they  may 

*  be  ferviceable  to  the  Peace  and  Safety  of  them, 
4  and  not  to  its  own  and  the  Nation's  Ruin  by  Fac- 

*  tion  and  Divifion. 

2.  *  To  the  providing  fufficient  Maintenance  for 

*  them ;  that  is,  for  the  Forces  by  Land,  and  for 
4  the  Navy  by  Sea,  and  all  the  Arrears  of  bath,  and 
4  other  Contingencies  of  the  Government. 

3.  '  To  the  appointing  a  Council  of  State,  with 

*  Authority  to  fettle  thfe  Civil  Government  and  Ju- 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       143 

c  dicatories  in  Scotland  and  Ireland,  and  to  take  Inter-regnant. 

*  Care  for  the  iffuing  of  Writs  for  the  fummoning  a 
«  Parliament  of  thefe  Three  Nations  united,  to  meet 
«  at  Wejiminjler  the  2Oth  Day  of  April  next,  with 
'  fuch  Qualifications  as  may  fecure  the  Public  Caufe 
4  we  are  all  engaged  in,  and  according  to  fuch  Di- 
'  ftributions  as  were  ufed  in  the  Year  1654:  Which 

*  Parliament,  fo  called,  may  meet  and  act  in  Free- 

*  dom,  for  the  more  full  eftablifhing  of  this  Com- 

*  monwealth  without  a  King,   Single  Perfon,  or 
'  Houfe  of  Lords. 

4.  '  To  a  legal  Diflblution  of  this  Parliament,  to 

*  make  Way  for  Succeflion  of  Parliaments. 

*  And,  in  order  to  thefe  good  Ends,  the  Guards 
e  will  not  only  willingly  admit  you,  but  faithfully, 
6  both  myfelf  and  every  the  Officers  under  my 

*  Command  ;  and,  I  believe,  the  Officers  and  Sol- 
4  diers  of  the  Three  Nations  will  fpend  their  Blood 
c  for  you  and  fucceffive  Parliaments. 

'  If  your  Conjunction  be  directed  to  this  End, 

*  you  may  part  honourably,  having  made  a  fair  Step 

*  to  the  Settlement  of  thefe  Nations,  by  making  a 

*  Way  for  fucceffive  Parliaments. 

«  But  I  muft  needs  fay,  that  if  any  different 
6  Counfels  fhould  be  taken,  which  I  have  no  Reafon 

*  to  fear,  thefe  Nations  would  prefently  be  thrown 
<  back  into  Force  and  Violence,  and  all  Hopes  of 

*  this  much-defired  Eftablimment  be  buried  in  Dif- 

*  order  j  which  the  Lord,  in  his  great  Mercy,  1 
c  hope,  will  prevent :  And  fo  God  fpeed  you  well 
'  together,  and  unite  your  Hearts  for  the  Prefer- 

*  vation  of  Peace,  and  Settlement  of  thefe  Nations 
6  to  his  own  Glory,  and  yours  and  all  our  Com- 

*  forts/ 

February  24.  It  feems  that  this  Speech  and  De- 
claration were  both  very  pleafmg  to  the  Members, 
for  this  Day  the  Bill  for  conftituting  him  Captain- 
General  an'd  Commander  in  Chief  of  all  the  Land- 
Forces  in  England,  Scotland,  and  Ireland,  was  read 
a  firft  and  fecond  Time,  and  committed.  They 


144       Tb*  Parliamentary 

later-rcgnum,  alfo  read  a  firft  and  fecond  Time,  and  pafTed,  a  Billj 
l659-        intituled,  An  Att  making  void  the  Atts  appointing 

*~Z~fr~~*^    CommiJJioners  for  the  Government  of  the  Army,  and 
;uaiy.     ^  making  Charles  Fleetwood,  Ejq;  Commander  in 
Chief  of  the  Land- Forces,  and  order'd  it  to  be  printed 
and  publifhed. 

Inftrudtions  for  the  new  Council  of  State  were 
alfo  debated  this  Day,  and  many  Additions  and  Al- 
terations made  to  them  j  after  which  they  were  or- 
dered to  be  ingrofied.  The  Queftion  being  put, 
That  a  particular  Time  be  limited  for  the  Continu- 
ance of  the  Council  of  State,  it  pafled  in  the  Nega- 
tive, 36  againft  26,  and  agreed  the  Time  fliould  be 
till  the  Parliament  take  further  Order.  Lajlly,  a 
Bill  was  ordered  to  be  brought  in,  for  the  Diflblu- 
tion  of  this  prefent  Parliament;  and  that  Mr.  An- 
nejley,  Mr.  Prynne,  and  Mr.  SollicitOF-General  do 
prepare  and  bring  in  the  faid  Bill. 

February  2$.  The  Bill  for  conflicting  General 
George  Monke  Captain-General,  &c.  was  this  Day 
read  a  third  Time ;  and  a  Claufe  being  offered  to  be 
added  to  it,  viz.  '  Whether  it  was  by  Pretence  or 
Colour  of  Authority  from  Charles  Stuart,  Son  of  the 
late  King,  or  from  any  other  Single  Perfon  or  Per- 
fons  whatfoever  r'  And  the  Queftion  being  put,  That 
this  Claufe  be  now  read,  it  pafled  in  the  Negative, 
without  any  Divifion. 

Another  Bill  was  brought  in,  and  read  a  firft 
Time,  for  fettling  the  Honour  and  Manor  of  Hamp- 
ton-Court, and  other  Lands,  upon  General  George 
Monke,  and  his  Heirs,  and  ordered  a  fecond  Read- 
ing the  next  Day.  Thefe  Donations  of  the  Royal 
Palaces  and  Domains  were,  no  doubt,  artfully  mov'd 
for  in  the  Houfe  by  fome,  who  might  otherways  wilh 
him  hang'd  out  of  the  Way,  in  .order  to  bind  the 
General  more  to  their  Intereft  for  the  Sake  of  his 

The  Bill  for  conflicting  a  Council  of  State,  with 
Inflations,  was  read  a  third  Time ;  and  a  Claufe 
vvas  offered  and  agreed  to  be  added  to  it,  '  That  the 

Of  ENGLAND,        145 

A&  with  the  Inftru&ions  for  a  Council  of  State,  Inter-regnum, 
pafled  Jan.  2,  1659,  with  all  the  Powers,  Claufes,        l6S9- 
Articles,  and  InftrucYions  therein  contained,  be  and    V^£7*"J 
hereby  are  repealed,  made  null  and  void.'     After 
which  the  faid  A£l,  being  put  to  the  Queftion, 
pafled  ;  but  was  not  ordered  to  be  printed  and  pub- 
lifhed,  for  Reafons  of  State. 

A  Bill  for  Continuance  of  the  Cuftoms  and  Ex- 
cife  was  this  Day  read  a  third  Time,  pafled,  and 
ordered  to  be  printed  and  publifhed. 

The  Circuits  for  the  Lent  Affixes,  for  the  feveral 
Counties  of  the  Commonwealth,  was  ordered  to  be 
put  off,  and  a  Proclamation  publifhed,  declaring  the 
Grounds  and  Reafons  of  it. 

«  Ordered,  alfo,  That  Peter  Brooke,  Efq;  Co!. 
Holland,  Henry  Brooke ,  and  Col.  Charles  White^  be 
difcharged  from  their  Imprifonment,  and  the  Seque- 
ftrations  againft  their  Eftates  ftopp'd.  Several  Per- 
ibns  more,  by  Name,  who,  we  fuppofe,  were  con- 
cerned in  Sir  George  Booth's  Affair,  were  pardoned. 

February  27.  Sir  Thomas  Middhton^  Thomas  Mid*-* 
dleton,  Efq;  his  Son,  with  others,  who  were  taken 
on  the  Surrender  of  Cbirk-Cajlle,  were  alfo  dif- 
charged from  their  Imprifonment,  and  the  Seque- 
ftration  of  their  Eftates  fufpended.  The  feveral 
Votes  of  Sept.  17,  1659,  for  the  diiTolving  and  dif- 
incorporating  of  the  City  of  Ckefter,  and  that  the 
faid  City  and  County  of  the  fame  be  no  diftincl:  Ju- 
rifdi&ion,  were  all  vacated,  and  made  null  and  void  : 
And  an  Acl  was  ordered  to  be  brought  in  for  reviving 
the  Jurifdi&iou  of  the  Counties  Palatine  of  Chefter 
and  Lancafter. 

Laftly,  A  Committee  was  appointed  to  confider 
who  were  in  Prifon,  and  upon  what  Account;  who 
were  fit  to  be  difcharged  from  their  Imprifonment, 
and  the  Sequeftrations  of  their  Eftates  fufpended ;  and 
prefent  their  Opinions  therein  to  the  Parliament. 

By  Defire  of  the  Council  of  State,  Liberty  was 

given  by  the  Houfe,  in  cafe  of  fpecial  Exigencies 

VOL.  XXII.  K  for 

146       ffle  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  for  the  Public  Safety,  to  feize  and  fecure  any  Perfbrt 

l659-        or  Perfons  that  they   {hall  have  juft  Ground  to 

*TTV""""^    fufpedl  to  carry  on  any  Defigns  of  public  Danger, 

ruary'     though  fuch  Perfons  be,  for  the  prefent, 'Members 

of  Parliament. 

John  Thompfon  and  John  Thin-Joe,  Efqrs.  being 
both  nominated  for  a  Secretary  of  State,  the  Houfe 
divided  on  the  Queftion,  when  Tkurke,  who  had 
been  Secretary  to  Oliver  Cromwell^  was  elected  by  * 
Majority  of.  65  to  38  ;  in  all  103  Members  in  the 
Houfe  at  that  Time. 

A  Bill  for  diflblving  this  prefent  Parliament  was 
this  Day  read  once,  and  referred  back  to  the  Com- 
mittee who  brought  it  in,  to  prepare  a  Form  of  a 
Writ  for  Election  of  Members  to  fit  and  ferve  in 
Parliament,  and  how,  and  in  what  Manner,  the  new 
Parliament  fhould  be  fummoned. 

Another  Bill,  for  fettling  the  Militia  in  the  fevera! 
Counties  of  the  Commonwealth,  was  alfo  read  a 
firft  Time.  Both  thefe  laft  Bills  were  ordered  to  be 
read  on  the  2gth  Inftant ;  to  which  Day  the  Houfe 
adjourned,  on  Account  of  the  Thankfgiving-Day 

February  29.  This  Year,  we  find,  was  the  Bif- 
fextile,  or  Leap  Year,  by  their  reckoning  this  Day; 
on  which  the  firft  Thing  the  Houfe  did  was  to  return 
Thanks  to  Mr.  Calamy  and  Mr.  Mantony  for  their 
great  Pains  taken  the  Day  before  in  Margaret's 
Church,  lFeftminflery  in  carrying  on  the  Work  of 
Thankfgiving  for  the  Union  of  the  Parliament,  and 
reftoring  the  Members  of  it  to  the  Difcharge  of  their 
Truft.  It  may  be  well  fuppofed  that  thefe  Preach- 
ers had  put  the  Houfe  in  Mind  of  fettling  Religion 
in  their  Sermons  ;  for,  immediately  atter,  a  Com- 
mittee was  appointed  to  confider  of  fettling  of  Mi- 
nifters,  and  all  Matters  concerning  Religion  and  the 
Confefiion  of  Faith  :  To  report  their  Opinion  to 
Parliament  what  they  think  fit  to  be  done.  .  By  an- 
other Order  of  this  Day,  the  aforsfaid  Committee 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        147 

had  further  Power  given  them,  to  confider  of  fuch  inter-regnum. 
Minifters  as  are  in  fequeftrated  Livings,  and  of  Mi-        1659. 
nifters  fequeftered;  and  to  examine  the  Bufinefs  ^*"*'  T  ""' 
touching  fuch  Minifters  who  have  been  put  out  of      March« 
their  Livings  in  Wales ;  to  ftate  the  Matter  of  Fact, 
and  report  it  to  the  Parliament. 

The  Militia  Bill,  that  for  a  new  Parliament,  and 
an  Act  for  Security  to  the  City  of  London^  for  fuch 
Sums  as  they  fhould  advance  on  the  prefent  Occa- 
fions,  were  all  read  a  fecpnd  Time,  and  committed. 

March  i.  We  now  enter  into  that  Month  of  the 
Year  1659,  which  determined  the  End  of  this  Par- 
liament, that  had  fat,  by  Intervals,  for  twenty  Years; 
but  were  now  under  a  Neceffity  to  diflblve  them- 
felves.  The  firft  Thing  we  find  on  this  Day's  Pro- 
ceedings, remarkable,  is  an  Order  for  appointing  a 
Committee  to  confider  of  the  State  of  the  Revenue 
of  the  Commonwealth  j  what  the  Charge  of  it  is; 
what  Obftru6Uons  hinder  the  Bringing-in  of  the  Re- 
venue ;  how  the  State  of  the  Debts  ftand  ;  and  how 
the  Revenue  may  be  managed  for  the  beft  Advantage 
of  the  Commonwealth  :  To  report  their  Opinions 
of  all  to  the  Parliament. 

The  fame  Day  the  Queftion  being  put,  That  the 
Diflblution  of  this  Parliament  fhall  be  on  or  before 
the  1 5th  Day  of  this  Inftant,  it  was  carried  in  the 
Affirmative,  without  any  Divifion.  Col.  Lambert, 
on  a  Letter  of  his  fent  to  the  Council  of  State,  was 
difpenfed  with  for  not  appearing  on  the  Proclama- 
tion againft  him;  and,  on  Security  given,  was  to  be 
permitted  to  live  quietly  at  his  own  Houfe  in  the 

March  2.  The  Houfe  now  began  to  fettle  Rdi- 
gious  Matters ;  a  Bill  was  brought  in,  read  a  firft 
and  fecond  Time,  for  Approbation  of  Minifters, 
before  they  be  admitted  to  any  public  Benefice,  and 
committed.  The  Houfe  alfo  agreed  to  that  Confef- 
fion  of  Faith*  which  was  prefented  from  the  Aflem- 
K  2  bly 

148       'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY- 

inter- regnum.  bly  of  Divines,  by  Dr.  Burgefs  and  others,  Sept.  2£, 
j659«  1646,  and  ordered  an  A6t  to  be  brought  in,  for  de- 

*"7J^T""'  claring  and  owning  that  to  be  the  public  Confeffion 
of  Faith  of  the  Church  of  England.  Many  Com- 
jniflioners  for  the  general  Afleffment  in  fcveral 
Counties  were  likewile  nominated  and  appointed. 

In  the  Afternoon  of  this  Day  Mr.  Prynne  reported 
from  the  Committee,  to  whom  it  was  referred  to 
confider  what  Votes  were  fit  to  be  expunged  out  of 
the  Journals,  That  the  Votes  oijan.  27,  1647,  for 
difcharging  Mr.  Denzil  Holies,  and  others,  of  the 
Houfe;  and  Jan.  29,  1647,  for  accufing  Mr.  Holies^ 
and  others,  of  HighTrealbn,  ought  to  be  expunged; 
and  they  were  ordered  accordingly.  Votes  and  Re- 
folves,  of  Jan.  25,  1659,  relating  to  Sir  Robert  Pye 
and  Major  Fincker,  upon  a  Paper  delivered  by  them 
to  the  Speaker;  and  the  Votes  of  July  21,  1659, 
relating  to  fome  Reports  publifh'd  by  Major  Harley9 
be  declared  null  and  void,  and  ordered  to  be  obli- 

A  Bill  for  repealing  two  A£ts  for  Sequeflrations 
was  this  Day  read  a  third  Time,  and,  upon  the 
Queftion,  pafled,  and  ordered  to  be  printed  and  pub- 

A  Bill  for  Security  of  27,0007.  advanced  with 
much  Chearfulnefs  by  the  City  of  London,  for  the 
prefent  Service  of  the  State,  was  read  a  third  Time, 
and  patted. 

General  George  Monke  and  General  Edward 
Montague  made  joint  Generals,  or  Admirals  of  the 
Navy,  for  the  next  Summer's  Expedition. 

Laflfy,  The  Militia  Bill  was  debated,  fome 
Amendments  made  to  it,  and  the  Members  of  the 
Houfe  were  ordered  to  take  fpecial  Care,  that,  to 
the  beft  of  their  Judgments,  they  prefent  none  to  be 
Commiffioners  in  this  Bill,  but  who  are  Perfons 
well  affefted  to  the  Caufe  of  the  Parliament. 

March  3.  Colonel  Thompfon  reported  the  State 
of  the  Account  of  the  Monies,  charged  on  the  Af~ 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  149 

ieflhients  for  the  Ufe  of  the  Navy,  and  what  hath  been  received 

thereupon,  which  was  read  as  follows : 

/.  s.    d. 

By  Order  of  the  yth  of  September,  1659,           60000  o     o 

More,  by  like  Order,  of  the  29th  of  Offober^    70000  o     o 

130000  o    o 

Whereof  received,  •     •••  80414  17     5 

So  there  remains  unpaid,         — — •         49585     2     7 

Memorandum.  There  hath  been  no  Monies 
received  from  the  Cuftoms  or  Excife,  between 
the  23d  of  December,  1659,  and  the  1 5th  of 
February,  1659  >  an<*  befides  feverai  Sums  for- 
merly diverted,  to  the  Value  of  329507.  viz. 

/.         j.     z/. 

From  the  EaJl-India  Company,     15000     o     o 
From  the  Excife,         •  595°     °     O 

From  Mr.  Noel?*  Farm,      —     12000     o    o 

32950    o    o 

Betides  other  Sums  lately  diverted ;   which 
will  appear  in  the  Exchequer. 

He  alfo  reported  an  Eftimate  of  the  Debts  of  the  Navy, 
clue  to  the  Firft  of  February,  1659,  as  followeth  : 

/.         f.    d. 

For  Victuals,  .  -  •       56000     o     O 

Upon  Bills  figned,  and  to  be  figned,  for  Provi-  7  2~oooo     o    o 

iionSj  \    ^ 

Wages  to  Seamen,  —  —     354112     O     O 

Wages  and  Salaries  to  the  Officers  of  the  Navy,  }    <4-0oo    o    o 

694112     o    o 
K  An 

150  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An  Eftimate  of  the  Charge  of  fett ing  forth  to  Sea  a  Fleet,  to  con- 
Jift  of  Twenty  Thoufand  Men  for  eight  Months  Service ,  to  end 
the  lajl  of  September,  1660,  as  followeth  : 

For  Entertainment  of  Flag-Officers,  Wages" 

of  Captains,  other  Officers  and  Seamen,  with 

Viduals  for  the  faid  Time ;  the  Charge  of 

equipping  the  Ships,  Wear  and  Tear,  and 

Expence   of  Carpenters,    Boatfwains,   and 

Gunners  Stores,  and  maintaining  them   in 

Warlike  Manner  at  Sea  ;  with  Pilotage,  and 

other  contingent  Expences,   &fe.   at  4/. 

Man,  per  Menf.  Medium,  j 

For  the  Ordinary  of  the  feveral  Yards  and 

Ships  that  will  remain  in  Harbour,  with  ne- 

ceflary  Repairs  of  Docks,  Store-houfes,  and 

For  Salaries  of  the  Commiffioners  for  the  Navy,  1 

Treafurer,  Auditors  of  Impreft,  Clerks  of  the  £     5000     O    o 

Admiralty,  £ffV.  3 

For  furnifhing  the  Stores,  fo  as  they  may  anfwer  1 

any  Emergency,  they  being  now  exceedingly  S- 100000 

exhaufted,  3 


140000    o    o 

I200O      O      O 

O      O 

757000    o    o 

Totals,        —    694112    o    o 
757000    o    o 

1451112     o     o    in  all. 

March  5.  An  A&,  declaring  the  public  Confeffion  of  Faith  of 
the  Church  of  England^  was  this  Day  read  a  third  Time,  and 
ordered  to  be  printed  and  publifhed.  —  A  Proclamation  ordered 
out,  for  putting  all  the  Laws  and  Statutes  againft  Popifh  Recu- 
fants,  Priefts,  and  Jefuits,  in  fpeedy  and  effe&ual  Execution.  And 
twenty  Pounds  Reward  order'd,  alfo,  to  be  given  by  every  Sheriff, 
to  fuch  Perfon  or  Perfons,  as  {hall  difcover  any  fuch  Priefts,  &c . 

to  be  allowed  in  their  Accounts. The  fo!emn  League  and 

Covenant  once  more  revived,  and  ordered  to  be  printed  and 
publifhed,  fet  up,  and  forthwith  read  in  every  Church;  and  that 
the  faid  folemn  League  fhall  be  alfo  pat  up  in  the  Houfe. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D       151 

March  6.  Mr.  Anne/ley  reported  from  the  Coun-  inter-regnum. 
cil  of  State,    *  That  Yefterday  Col.  John  Lambert^        1659. 
was  called  into  the  Council,  to  give  Security,  ac-    ^— -V— -^ 
cording  to  the  Order  of  Parliament  of  the  Firft  of      ^archt 
./kfo;v/.>Inftant;  which  being  accordingly  propounded 
unto  him  by  the  Lord  Prefident,  he  fpoke  to  this 

'  That  he  did  acknowledge  he  had  had  the  Ad-j^ 
vantage  of  a  Sight  of  thofe  Votes  which  pafTed  thebf^re 
Houfe  concerning  him,  and  did  look  upon  them  as  e* 

a  very  great  Favour  and  Juftice  from  the  Houfe, 
that  they  would  pleafe  to  take  Notice  fo  far,  as  to 
remove  that  Inconvenience  that  was  both  upon  his 
Perfon  and  his  Eftate  :  And  faicl,  He  muft  needs 
deal  freely  and  plainly  ;  that  he  did  caft  himfelf  up- 
on the  Parliament,  and  now  upon  the  Council,  in 
Hopes  of  a  further  Teftimony  of  their  Favour,  than 
upon  thofe  Votes.  He  faid,  He  did  not  at  all  think 
it  amifs,  that  there  fhould  be  all  Care  taken  to  pre- 
ierve  the  Peace  of  thefe  Nations  ;  for  he  had  him- 
felf, when  he  was  in  that  Station,  held  it  his  Duty  to 
do  fo :  That,  whatever  may  be  fuggefted  againft 
him,  he  hath  his  own  Satisfaction  within  him : 
Whatever  Reports  may  be  concerning  him,  he  con- 
ceives they  do  not  extend  towards  him  ;  for  as  to 
Reports,  he  cannot  be  fafe  either  here  or  at  his 
Houfe,  if  all  Reports  may  be  taken  for  Truth.  He 
faid,  That,  for  his  own  Part,  he  could  hardly  fay, 
fmce  he  laft  came  to  Town,  and  more  efpecially 
within  fewer  Days  fmce,  that  he  hath  not  faid  any 
thing,  nor  meddled  in  any  thing,  that  might  tend  to 
hinder  Settlement ;  but,  on  the  contrary,  as  he  had 
Opportunity  to  converfe  with  any,  he  contributed  in 
his  Difcoufe  towards  Settlement,  and  no  otherwife. 
He  faid,  He  did  exercife  Plainnefs,  and  hoped  not  to 
fare  the  worfe  for  it :  That  he  had  a  long  Time 
contended  for  a  due  and  moderate  Liberty  for  the 
People  of  thefe  Nations;  and  he  muft  needs  fay, 
that  he  did  not  know  how  to  put  a  Difference  be- 
twixt himfelf  and  the  good  People  of  thefe  Nations. 
He  deflred  his  Cafe  might  be  truly  and  fully  known, 
before  fuch  a  Diftin&ion  be  made,  to  put  a  Mark  or 


152       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter- regnum.  Character  upon  him.     He  faid,  That  common  Li - 
l6S9-        berty  had,  Day  after  Day,  been  granted  unto  others, 
^•*T7v~r       but  not  to  him.  He  did  freely  himfelf  upon  the 
Ingenuity  of  the  Parliament  and  Council.' 

*  Having  ended  his  Difcourfe,  the  Lord  Prefident 
defired  his  Anfwer,    as  to  what  Security  he  would 
give.  To  which  he  replied,  '  It  was  not  fit  for  him 
to  argue :  That  he  underftood  the  Council  were 
under  Command  from  the  Parliament  j  and  he  did 
not  yet  know  whether  his  Cafe  was  well  ftated  to  the 
Parliament.     1 Jhall  clearly,  however,  fubmit  to  what 
you  do  :  That  he  knew  not  what  kind  of  Security 
the  Council  did  intend  :  That  giving  Security  in 
this  Kind,  was  very  ftrange  unto  him.'     Hereupon 
he  withdrew. 

*  That  the  Council,  after  Confideration  of  what 
Col.  Lambert  had  faid,  came  to  this  Refolution  :  To 
propofe  unto  him  to  enter  into  a  Bond  of  twenty 
thoufand  Pounds,  with  four  good  Securities,   upon 
Condition  to  live  peaceably  at  his  Houfe  at  Wim- 
lleton,  and  not  to  act  any  thing  to  the  Prejudice  of 
the  Government,    or  Difturbance    of  the    Public 
Peace  ;  and  not  to  remove  from  Wimtteton  without 
Leave  of  the  Parliament,  or  Council  of  State  ;  and 
to  render  himfelf,  upon  Summons  from  the  Parlia- 
ment, or  Council  of  State.     And  this  Bond  to  con- 
tinue in  Force  till  the  Parliament  or  Council  give 
further  Order  to  the  contrary. 

*  Hereupon  Col.  Lambert  was  called  in  again, 
and  the  Refolution  of  the  Council  made  known  unto 
him,    by  the  Lord   Prefident.     And    he,  defiring 
Leave  to  fpeak  a  few  Words,  fpoke  to  this  Effect : 

*  That  he  defired  to  take  the  Freedom  to  fay, 
That  it  was  fevere  on  his  Part :  That  he  had  met 
To-day  with  an  Ordinance  of  Parliament  of  In- 
demnity   to   many  Perfons,    who  have  had  their 
Hands  in  feveral  Actions  of  higher  Nature   than 
himfelf  had.     He  found  them  all  indemnified,  and 
reftored  to  the  fame  Condition  which  formerly  they 
had  been  in.     He' faid,  He  would  not  fay,  That  that 
Ordinance  did  reach  as  to  his  Perfon  ;  it  is  not  clear 
Whether  it  doth  fo  or  no.    He  faid,  He  was  unwil- 

Of     E  N  G  L  AND:        153. 

Kn£  to  give  it  under  his  Hand  that  he  deferred  not  Intcr-regnu 
to  t>e  put  into  the  Condition  with  others  ;  and  tho* 
there  have  been  .  among  ourfelves  Differences  of 
Judgment,  Ways,  and  Forms  ;  yet,  as  to  the  main 
Point,  he  faid,'  he  could  not  be  taxed  in  the  leaft 
Kind  :  That  he  finds  himfelf  .there  equally  fo  with 
the  greateft  Offender  :  That  he  did  caft  hirnfelf  upon 
the  Council,  to  difpofe  of  him  as  they  thought  fit.'1 
And  then  he  withdrew. 

'  And  the  Council  thereupon  refolved  to  call  in 
Col.  Lambert  once  more,  and  pofitively  to  demand 
of  him,  Whether  he  would  give  Security,  as  was  laft 
propounded  unto  him. 

4  Whereupon  he  was  called  in,  and  accordingly 
the  Lord  Prefident  acquainted  him  with  the  Reio- 
lution  of  the  Council  :  To  which  He  replied,  '  He 
did  believe  that  he  could  not  procure  the  Security 
propofed  :  That  he  did  not  hear  of  a  Fault  affigned 
to  him  ;  therefore  he  delired  Leave  to  petition  the 
Houfe  ;  adding,  That,  if  he  be  found  an  Offender, 
he  will  fubmit;  if  none,  he  befeeches  it  may  be 
confidered  :  That  he  is  not  willing  to  give  it  under' 
his  Hand  that  he  is  an  Offender,  tho'  he  freely  fub- 
mits  to  the  Parliament's  Pleafure  :  But,  being  un- 
heard, uncharged,  and  untaxed,  to  write  it  under 
his  Hand  that  he  is  a  guilty  Perfon,  not  fit  to  be 
trufted  in  his  own  Country  without  a  Clog  and 
Tie  upon  him,  he  knows  not  what  to fay  to  it  j  but 
he  fhall  fubmit.' 

'  Being  preffed  again,  Whether  he  would  give 
that  Security  propounded,  he  faid,  He  believed  he 
could  not  do  it ;  twenty  thoufand  Pounds  being  a 
Sum  that  he  believes  he  cannot  get  Sureties  for. 

«  Hereupon,  after  he  was  withdrawn,  it  was  or- 
dered, That  he  be  forthwith  committed  to  the 
Tower  till  further  Order,  for  refuting  to  give  Secu- 
rity, according  to  the  Order  of  Parliament ;  but  in- 
flead  of  that,  (landing  to  juftify  his  Innocency;  and 
that  a  Warrant  be  prepared  accordingly.' 

The  fame  Day  the  humble  Petition  of  John  Lam- 
l.ert)  Major-General,  being  read,  it  was  refolved, 


1 54      *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum,  That  the  Parliament  <loth  approve  of  what  the 
l659-        Council  of  State  have  done,  in  committing  of  Col. 

•^'jJJJJ"1'    John  Lambert  to  the  Tower. 

The  aforefaid  Mr.  Annejley  alfo  reported,  from 
the  Council  of  State,  That  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge 
having  the  Command  of  a  Regiment  of  Horfe,  and 
alfo  a  Commiflion  to  be  Governor  of  Berwick,  Car- 
lifle,  and  Tinmouth,  three  confiderable  Garrifons 
in  the  North  of  England,  that  they  do  find  his  Name 
mentioned  in  fome  Information  fent  to  the  Council ; 
Sir  Arthur  was  ordered  to  attend  the  Houfe  the  next 
Morning.  The  faid  Council  was  enjoined  to  tak& 
fpecial  Care  of  the  Safety  and  Peace  of  the  Nation, 
and  to  proceed  vigoroufly  in  fecuring  fuch  Perfons 
as  they  ihould  think  dangerous  to  the  State. 

March  7.  Mr.  Annejley  gave  into  the  Houfe  the 
feveral  Informations  taken  by  the  Council  of  State 
againft  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge  j  and  he,  ftanding  up 
in  his  Place,  faid,  He  was  not  guilty  of  any  Thing 
wherewith  he  was  charged.  The  Houfe  ordered 
the  whole  of  this  Matter  to  be  referred  back  to  the 
Council  of  State,  to  examine  it  further,  and  report 
it  to  the  Parliament. 

The  Time  for  the  Diflblution  of  this  Parliament 
being  now  near  at  Hand,  the  Houfe  agreed  to  pro- 
ceed only  with  Matters  of  Religion,  the  Militia, 
the  Qualifications,  and  the  Writs  of  Summons. 

March  8.  Accordingly,  we  find  that,  this  Day, 
a  Bill  for  calling  and  holding  a  new  Parliament,  to 
fit  at  Wejlminjier  the  2fth  Day  of  April,  1660, 
was  brought  in,  read  a  firft  Time,  and  ordered  a 
fecond  Reading  on  the  next.  Many  Commiffionjsrs 
for  the  Militia  were  alfo  named  to  ferve  for  feveral 
Counties  in  England. 

March  9.  The  A£t  for  calling  and  holding  a  new 
Parliament  was  read  a  fecond  Time  and  committed; 
but  the  Queftion  being  put,  That  this  Bill  be  com- 
mitted to  a  Qrand  Committee  of  the  whole  Houfe, 
it  paffcd  in  the  Negative,  84  againft  66. 


Of    E  N  G  L  AN  D.         155 

March  12.  The  Houfe  went  upon  nothing,  for  Inter-regnum. 
feme  Days,  but  fettling  the  Militia-Bill  ;  and,  on 
this,  the  whole  being  perfe&ed,  it  paffed,  and  was 
ordered  to  be  printed  and  publifhed  forthwith.  Se- 
veral Sheriffs  for  Counties  were  alfo  nominated  to 
ferve  for  the  Year  enfuing. 

March  13.  This  Day  the  Houfe  refolveo*,  That 
the  Engagement,  appointed  to  be  taken  by  Mem- 
bers of  Parliament  and  others,  in  thefe  Words,  w'z. 
/  do  declare  and  promife^  That  1  will  be  true  and 
faithful  to  the  Commonwealth  of  England,  as  thf 
fame  is  now  eftablifoed^  without  a  King  or  Houfe  of 
Lords,  be  difcharged  and  taken  off  the  File  :  Alfo, 
That  all  Orders,  enjoining  the  taking  of  the  faid 
Engagement,  be,  and  are  hereby,  vacated  and  ex- 
punged out  of  the  Journal-Book  of  Parliament.  Mr. 
Prynne^  Serjeant  Maynard^  and  Col.  Harley,  were 
ordered  to  fee  it  done  accordingly. 

Ordered,  *  That  it  be  referred  to  a  Committee 
to  confider  what  had  been  done  in  this  Houfe  con- 
cerning the  Lords  Houfe,  to  ftate  the  Matter  of  Fa&, 
and  report  it  to  the  Parliament  the  next  Morning.* 

March  14.  Mr.  Annejley  reported,  from  the  Coun- 
cil of  State,  That  the  Council  having  given  Direc- 
tions for  the  fecuring  of  Major  Creed.,  in  order  to 
public  Safety  ;  and  being  informed  by  a  Letter,  this 
Night  read,  That  he  was  withdrawn  from  his  Houfe, 
and,  by  the  likelieft  Conjecture,  come  up  to  London^ 
having  been  feen,  not  many  Days  before,  upon  the 
Road  as  far  as  Stony-Stratford:  And  that,  having 
caufed  Inquiry  to  be  made  after  Col.  Cobbet  and  Col. 
Jljhfield^  they  received  an  Account  that  their  Places 
of  Abode  could  not  be  heard  of:  Which  three  are  of 
the  Number  of  thofe  Officers,  who,  by  Order  of 
Parliament,  were  confined  to  their  Dwellings  moft 
remote  from  London :  And  that  the  Houfe  be  hum- 
bly moved  to  declare  their  Pleafure,  what  further 
Proceedings  the  Council  (hall  make  in  thefe,  or  other 
Cafes  of  the  like  Nature. 


156      tte  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regmvm.       Hereupon  it  was  refolved,  '  That  the  Council  of 
l659-        State  be,  and  are  hereby,  authorized  to  iflue  forth 

fc~'"V7"J  Proclamations,  at  any  Time,  untill  the  firft  Sitting 
of  the  next  Parliament,  againft  fuch  Perfons  as  they 
fliall  find  dangerous  to  the  Peace  and  Safety  of  the 
Commonwealth,  who  abfent  themfelves  from  their 
Dwellings  and  Places  of  their  Habitations,  to  fum- 
jmon  them  to  appear  before  them,  at  a  certain  Day, 
under  fuch  Penalties  as  the  Cafe  fhall  require,  and 
as  the  Council  of  State  fhall  think  fit,  to  anfwer 
ftich  Matters  as  (hall  be  objected  againft  them  by 
the  Council  of  State. 

Refolved,  *  That  this  be  added  an  Instruction  to 
the  Council  of  State/ 

A  Bill  for  reviving  the  Court  of  the  Duchy- 
Chamber  of  Lancajler  was  read  a  third  Time,  and 
pafled.  Sir  Gilbert  Gerrard  was  voted  Chancellor 
of  the  Duchy-Court  of  Lancajler ^  and  Nicholas  Lech- 
mere,  Efqj  Attorney  of  the  fame. 

Another  Bill,  for  reftoring  William  Lenthall,  Efq; 
Speaker  of  the  Parliament,  to  the  Chamberlainfhip 
of  Chejier,  was  alfo  pafled. 

Serjeant  Waller,  Serjeant  Evan  Seys,  William 
Jones,  William  Foxwith,  "John  Corbett,  Bennet  Ho- 
Jkinsy  Thomas  Manly,  and  John  Raddiffe,  Efqrs. 
were  appointed  Judges  for  the  feveral  Diftricts  in 

March  15.  An  engrofled  Bill  for  fettling  Lands 
on  his  Excellency  the  Lord- General  Monke,  and  his 
Heirs,  was  this  Day  read  a  third  Time ;  and  the 
Queftion  being  put,  That  this  Bill  pafs  as  a  Law, 
It  was  carried  in  the  Negative,  44  againft  37 :  But 
at  the  fame  Time  it  was  refolved,  '  That  the  Sum, 
of  20,000 /.  be  conferred  on  his  Excellency  the 
Lord-General ;  and  that  the  fame  be  charged  upon 
the  Receipts  of  the  public  Exchequer.' 

An  Act,  enabling  to  fue  Bonds  and  Securities, 
taken  in  the  Name  of  Oliver  Lord  Protector,  and 
Richard  Lord  Protector,  was  brought  in,  read  a  firft 
and  fqcond  Time,  pafled,  and  ordered  to  be  printed 


Of   ENGLAND.        157 

and  publifhed  :  As  was  alfo  an  A£t  for  bringing  in  inter-regmmt. 
the  Rents  and  Revenues  of  Delinquents  and  ropifh 
Recufants  Eftates. 

In  the  Afternoon  of  the  fame  Day  Mr.  Annejley 
reported,  from  the  Council  of  State,  an  Aft  for  gi- 
ving Power  to  the  faid  Council  to  a£t  during  the  In- 
terval of  Parliament,  in  order  to  public  Safety. 
Some  Amendments  were  made  to  it ;  and,  being 
put  to  the  Queftion,  it  pafled. 

An  Aft  for  imprefling  of  Seamen,  to  continue  till 
June  24,  1660,  was  pafled:  Alfo  another  for  re- 
moving Obftruftions  in  bringing  in  the  Afleflments. 

Mr.  Annejley  reported  a  Letter  from  Col.  Lambert , 
defiring  to  know  the  Council's  Pleafure  concerning 
his  Reftraint,  and  offering  to  give  Security,  in  as 
much  as  he  was  able  to  procure.  That  the  Council 
of  State  humbly  moved  to  know  the  Pleafure  of  the 
Parliament,  how  they  fliould  a£t  in  that  Cafe  :  On 
which  it  was  refolved,  '  That  Power  be  given  to 
the  faid  Council  to  difcharge  Col.  Lambert  from  his 
Imprifonment,  on  his  Parole,  or  Security,  as  they 
fhould  fee  Caufe.'  Refolved,  alfo,  «  That  Dr.  Wren 
be  releafed  from  his  Imprifonment,  and  the  Lieute- 
nant of  the  Tower  ordered  to  difcharge  him  :  That 
Power  be  given  to  the  Council  of  State  to  difcharge 
any  other  Perfon  or  Perfons  imprifoned  upon  any 
Crime  committed  againft  the  State. 

March  16.  The  Bill  for  conferring  20,000 /.  on 
Captain-General  Monke^  for  his  fignal  Services,  was 
read  twice;  but,  on  the  third  Reading  of  it,  tne 
Word  fignal  was  changed  for  eminent,  and  then  the 
Bill  pafled.  The  General  was  alfo  conftituted,  by 
the  Parliament,  Steward  of  the  Honour  and  Manor 
of  Hampton-Court ,  and  Keeper  of  the  Houfe  and 
Parks  there ;  with  all  the  Rights  and  Privileges  to 
the  faid  Stewardfhip  belonging,  in  as  ample  a  Man- 
ner as  any  Steward  of  the  fame  had  heretofore  en- 

Some  Amendments  were  offered  to  the  Bill  for 
re-fettling  Incumbents  in  fequeftered  Livings ;  a 
Provifo  of  which  was,  '  That  if  any  Miniffer  or 


158        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

inter- regnum.  Minifters  have  been  formerly  ejected  or  fequeftered, 
1659.        whofe  Conversation  and  Lives  have  been  and  are 
*•—• v—*-'    blamelefs,    and  they  found  in  Doctrine,  fhall  be 
March.      capable  to  be  prefented  to  any  Living  in  the  Church 
of  England,  fo  as  fuch  Miniftcr  do  officiate  accord- 
ing to  the  Directory  elrabltfhed,  and  not  otherwife.' 

Refolved,  alfo,  <  That  all  Ads  and  Ordinances, 
made  for  the  Payment  of  Tythes,  be  revived  and 
ftand  in  full  Force.  The  A£t,  fo  amended,  being 
put  to  the  Queftion,  pafied  ;  and  was  ordered  to  be 
printed  and  publifhed,  with  this  Title,  An  'Aft  for 
Minijiers  and  Payment  of  Tythes. 

A  Letter  from  General  Mcnke,  dated  St.  James's, 
March  1 6,  1659,  was  read  ;  after  which  the  Houfe 
ordered  three  Gentlemen,  viz.  Air.  Morris,  Mr.  An- 
•nejley,  and  Mr.  Holies,  to  wait  upon  the  General, 
and  give  him  Satisfaction  :  Who,  returning  foon 
after,  reported,  That  the  General,  on  his  reading 
the  Claufes  in  the  Militia  A  61,  refied  well  fatisfied. 
IVbitlocke  remarks,  '  That  this  Interpofition  of 
Monkes,  in  an  Aft  of  Parliament,  was  thought,  by 
fome,  too  high.' 

An  A&  for  taking  the  Accounts,  and  redrelfing 
of  Grievances,  concerning  Tythes  and  Church-Li- 
vings in  Wales,  and  for  Advancement  of  Religion 
and  Learning  there,  was  read  a  third  Time,  and 

The  Act  for  Diflblution  of  this  prefent  Parlia- 
ment was  ordered  to  be  read  the  nrft  Bufinefs  in  the 
Afternoon,  and  nothing  to  intervene.  Accordingly 

A  Bill,  engrofled,  for  diflblving  the  Parliament 
begun  and  holden  at  Weftmlnjler,  the  third  Day  of 
November,  1640,  and  for  the  calling  and  holding 
of  a  Parliament  at  Wejlminfter  on  the  25th  Day 
of  April,  1660,  was  read  a  third  Time,  and  the 
following  Provifo  was  tendered  :  '  That  the  fingle 
Actings  of  this  Houfe,  enforced  by  the  prefling  Ne- 
ceflities  of  the  prefent  Times,  are  not  intended,  in 
the  leaft,  to  infringe,  much  lefs  take  away,  that 
antient  native  Right  which  the  Houfe  of  Peers, 
confifting  of  thofe  Lords  who  did  engage  in  the 
Caufe  of  the  Parliament  againft  the  Forces  raifed  in 


Of    ENGLAND.        159 

the  Name  of  the  late  King,  and  fo  continued  to  the  Inter-regnum, 
Year  1648,  had  and  have  to  be  a  Part  of  the  Par-        I6 59; 
liament  of  England.1     Which  Provifo,  being  read       vi^T 
twice,  was  agreed  to  be  Part  of  the  Bill.     Refolved, 
alfo,  '  That  the  Day  for  the  Diflblution  of  the  Par- 
liament (hall  be  from  this  Day,  March  16,  1659.' 
Then  the  Bill,  fo  amended,  being  put  to  the  Que- 
ftion,  patted,  and  was  ordered  to  be  printed  and 

La/l/y,  It  was  refolved,  f  That  Friday  the  6th 
Day  of  April  next  be  fet  apart  for  a  Day  of  public 
Fafting  and  Humiliation,  to  be  folemnized  through- 
out the  Nation,  under  the  Senfe  of  the  great  and 
manifold  Sins  and  Provocations  thereof;  and  to  feek 
the  Lord  for  his  Bleffing  upon  the  Parliament,  now 
fhortly  to  be  aflembled,  that  the  Lord  will  make 
them  Healers  of  our  Breaches,  and  Inftruments  to 
reftore  and  fettle  Peace  and  Government  in  the  Na- 
tions, upon  Foundations  of  Truth  and  Righteouf- 

We  have  now  drawn  down  our  Hiftory  of  this 
Parliament  through  a  long  Series  of  Years  ;  being 
called,  by  the  King's  Writ,  to  fit  on  the  third  Day 
of  November •,  1640,  and  difTolved  by  themfelves*, 
March  16,  1659;  a  Courfe  of  near  twenty  Years 
Duration.  The  Changes  and  devolutions  it  dif- 
fered, during  this  long  Period,  thefte  can  be  no  Oc- 
cafion  to  recapitulate  here,  fmce  they  are  all  di- 
ftinctly  given,  annually,  monthly,  and  diurnally,  in 
the  Courfe  of  this  Work,  and  may  be  found  in  their 
proper  Places.  But  as  there  yet  remains  a  fmall 
Space  of  Time,  taken  laft  from  the  journals,  as 
above,  and  unexplained  by  the  contemporary  Hifto- 
nans,  as  hath  been  hitherto  our  Cuftom,  we  mail 
ftrft  give  their  Sentiments  on  thofe  Occurrences,  and 
then  fill  up  the  Vacancy  between  the  Diflblution  of 
the  laft,  and  the  Beginning  of  the  next  Parliament, 
from  the  fame  Authorities. 

Mr.  Ludlow,  whofe  Zeal  for  the  Republican 
Caufe  now  carries  him  a  great  Way,  is  not  fparing 

160       The  Parliamentary  HISTORV 

Inter-regnum;  in  his  Inve&ives  againft  Monke,  for  deferring  that 
l6S9;  Intereft  which  had  raifed  him  to  the  Power  he  then 

t»-~ -V^  *^  enjoyed.  But,  when  we  confider  that  Gentleman's 
Marcn.  Memoirs  were  wrote  after  the  Reftoration,  when  he 
imarted  with  the  Refentment  of  a  true  Britijb  Par- 
liament, we  may  reafonably  think  him  too  partial  to 
his  Caufe  :  For  Edmund  Ludlow*  Efq;  having  been 
profcribed  a  Traitor,  and  forced  to  leaye  the  Land, 
to  avoid  an  ignominious  Death,  for  fitting  and  aft- 
ing  as  one  of  the  King's  Judges,  and  figning  the 
Bloody  Warrant,  retired  into  Switzerland^  where 
he  wrote  hi*  Memoirs,  as  abovefaid.  However,  to 
do  Juftice  to  both  Sides  of  the  Queftion,  and  pre- 
ferve  that  Impartiality  hitherto  ftrictly  followed  in 
thefe  Enquiries,  we  fhall  firft  give  the.Senfe  of  what 
Mr.  Ludlow  and  IVhitlvcke  has  left  us,  concerning 
thefe  Times,  and  then  the  oppofite  Writer,  Dr, 
Price's  Account  of  the  very  fame  Proceedings. 

Indian?*  Ac-  To  begin  from  where  we  left  Mr.  Ludlow  jaft  : 
count  of  thefe  He  tells  us,  *  That  Monke  being  lodged  in  the  City, 
Tunes.  ^Q  refolved  to  make  him  a  Vifit,  if  poiTible,  to  learn 

his  Intentions  in  regard  to  the  Parliament.  The 
Subjedt  of  this  Converfation  between  them  is  fome- 
what  foreign  to  our  Purpofe  ;  fufficient  it  is  to  fay, 
That  our  Author  came  away  frem  the  General  as 
wife  as  he  went  :  but  to  {hew  how  fufpicious  they 
were  of  each  oMer,  he  adds,  That,  on' his  taking 
Leave,  he  took  Notice  one  of  Monke 's  Footmen 
ftood  at  the  Door  of  the  Room  where  they  had  been 
difcourfing,  placed  there,  he  fuppofed,  by  his  Ma- 
fter's  Order,  to  prevent  him  from  dealing  with 
Monke ,  as  his  Confcience  told  him  he  deierved. 

But,  notwithftanding  the  outward  Shew  of  Re- 
fpe&  and  Civility  our  Author  had  received  at  this 
Vifit,  he  tells  us,  he  could  fee  through  all  Mcnke's 
Difguifes,  and  that  he  was  not  fleering  to  the  Har- 
bour he  pretended  ;  and  could  he,  Ludlow,  but  have 
prevailed  with  the  Majority  of  theParliament  to  be  of 
the  fame  Opinion  with  himfelf,  Monke  fhould  not 
have  carried  on  his  Defign  fo  fmoorhly.  But  into 
fuch  a  defperate  Frenzy  were  they  then  fallen,  that 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         161 

many  in  the  Houfe,  either  thro' Fear,  or  what  other  Tnter-regnum. 
Reafon  he  could  not  tel),  difcovered    themfelves       l659- 
daily  to  be  Favourers  of  Monke,  who,  by  this  Time,  *•— ""^    '  "^ 
had  fo  far  advanced  his  Affairs,  as  to  pull  off  another  * 

Maik,  and  introduce  the  fecluded  Members  into  the 

In  order  to  bring  about  this  nice  Affair,  the  fame 
Author  tells  us,  That  Monke  pretended  it  was  only 
to  give  the  fecluded  Members  Satisfaction  touching 
their  Exclufion  from  the  Houfe,  with  which  he  de- 
clared himfelf  thoroughly  convinced  j  and  to  that 
End,  fome  fitting  Members  of  the  Houfe  were  defi- 
red  to  meet  their  former  Brethren  at  a  Conference. 
But  this  produced  nothing  but  Difputes  and  Quar- 
rels between  them,  the  latter  reflecting  very  inde- 
cently on  the  other's  Proceedings,  fince  they  were 
excluded  ;  fo  that  both  Sides  parted  in  no  good  Hu- 
mour with  one  another. 

About  this  Time,  as  our  Memorialift  tells  us, 
came  a  Letter  from  Ireland  to  the  Parliament,  the 
Contents  of  which  were  ftill  more  infolent  than  the 
Letter  Monke  had  fent  to  them,  before  he  retired 
into  the  City  :  For,  after  they  had  reproached  them 
with  extending  their  Favours  to  Men  accufed  of 
High  Treafon,  and  the  Difcouragements  they  laid 
upon  thofe  who  had  been  fent  to  England  to  profe- 
cute  them,  they  openly  told  the  Parliament  they 
could  no  longer  own  their  Authority ;  and  therefore 
defired,  That  a  new  Parliament  might  be  called,  to 
put  an  End  to  the  Confufions  which  their  Mifcar- 
riages  had  brought  upon  the  Nation. 

In  the  mean  while  Monke  had  defired  the  Mayor 
of  London  to  affemble  the  Common  Council,  though 
the  Parliament  had  diflblved  them  ;  and,  in  Defi- 
ance of  their  Authority,  fays  our  Author,  attended 
on  them  in  Perfon  at  Guildhall.  He  there  excufed 
himfelf  for  what  he  had  been  conftrained  to,  he  faid, 
by  Order  of  the  Council  of  State ;  and  allured  them 
he  was  much  troubled  at  that  rigorous  Service.  He 
declared  himfelf  ready  to  expofe  his  Perfon  to  all 
Dangers  for  their  Sakes,  and  that  he  had  not  forgot 
the  kind  Letter  they  had  fent  him  whilft  he  was  yet 

VOL.  XXII.  I,  in 

1 62       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Jnter-regnum,  in  the  North  :  That  he  was  then  of  the  fame  Opi- 
1659-        nion  with  themfelves,  but  was  obliged,  at  that  Time, 
t— -v— J    to  conceal  it,  till  he  might  have  an  Opportunity  to 
March.       ^iftover  his  Sentiments  with  better  Advantage. 

Lajlly^  he  acquainted  them,   That  he  had  fent  a 

'Letter  to  the  Parliament  to  fill  up  their  Houfe,  and 
put  an  End  to  their  Sitting  by  the  6th  of  May  next. 
This  Speech  of  the  General's,  our  Memorialift 
fays,  greatly  encouraged  the  Cavalier  Party  in  the 
City,  infomuch  that  a  Rabble  of  them  cried  out  for 
A  Free  Parliament,  as  he  paffed  by  from  Guildhall  \ 
and  perceiving  him  not  to  be  difpleaied  with  their  In- 
folence,  they  made  Bonfires  in  London  and  IVejlmin- 

jler  for  roafting  the  Rump;  which,  adds  our  Autho- 
rity, they  prefumed  to  call  that  Parliament,  which,  in 
the  five  Years  Time  that  they  governed  without  In- 
terruption, had  raifed  the  Glory  of  the  Nation  from 
the  Duft  wherein  it  had  been  buried,  by  the  Negli- 
gence and  Corruption  of  the  preceding  Govern- 
ments, and  had  rendered  the  Englifo  Name  formi- 
dable to  all  Europe. 

He  next  tells  us,  That  the  fecluded  Members 
were  now  grown  very  confident  of  attaining  their 
Ends  ;  which  the  fitting  Men  forefeeing,  caft  about 
to  prevent  them,  by  iiluing  out  Writs  for  filling 
up  the  Parliament  by  new  Elections.  Whereupon 
the  Speaker  was  ordered  to  fign  a  Warrant  to  au- 
thorize the  Commiflioners  of  the  Great  Seal  to 
fend  out  Writs  according  to  Cuftom  :  But  he  refu- 
fed  to  do  it,  pretending,  That  if  he  (hould  fign  any 
Warrant  for  that  Purpofe,  he  might  be  fued  at  Law 
by  every  individual  Perfon,  in  whofe  Room  any 
other  {hould  be  elected ;  and  therefore  defired  that 
the  Hou<e  would  pafs  an  Act:  to  enable  their  Clerk 
to  fign  the  Warrant ;  or  that  the  Commiffioners  of 
the  Great  Seal  might  ifTue  out  their  Writs  of  Sum- 
mons upon  a  general  Acl  to  be  pafled  for  that  End. 
It  was  anfwered,  That  the  Duty  of  his  Place  obli- 
ged him  to  perform  the  Commands  of  the  Houfe ; 
that  having  received  their  Order  in  this  Affair,  he 
\vas  thereby  fully  indemnified  j  and  that  he  figned 


Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        163 

not  the  Warrant  in  his  perfonal,  but  in  his  politic  Inter-regnum, 
Capacity.     But  the  Speaker  continued  pofitive  in        *659' 
his  Refufal,  fubmitting  himfelf  to  the  Pleafure  of  the  U-TIVT^-^ 
Houfe,  if  they  fhould  think  fit  to  fend  him  to  the 
Tower,  and  chufe  another  Perfon  to  be  Speaker  in 
his  Place.     Whereupon,  our  Author  informs  us, 
the  Houfe  condefcended  to  pafs  an  Ac~l  to  impower 
the  Clerk  to  fign  the  Warrant  to  the  Commiffioners 
of  the  Seal  ;  though,  for  his  own  Part,  he  was  for 
taking  the  Speaker  at  his  Word;  but  inftead  of  fend- 
ing him  to  the  Tower,  he  was  for  placing  another 
Perfon  in  the  Chair,  and  adjourning  themfelves  to 
the  Tower  ;  but,  he  adds,  he  could  prevail  with  very 
few  to  be  of  his  Opinion. 

Notwithstanding  the  Condefcention  of  the  Parlia- 
ment about  filling  up  their  Houfe,  Things  continued 
in  great  Diforder  and  Confufion  amongft  themfelves. 
The  Council  of  State  received  Advice,  late  one 
Night,  That  the  fecluded  Members  intended  to 
force  themfelves  into  the  Houfe  the  next  Morning  ; 
on  which,  they  fent  a  Meflage  to  Monke  to  acquaint 
him  of  it,  and  required  him  to  prevent  it  if  it  fhould 
be  attempted.  He  returned  for  Anfwer,  to  the 
Council,  '  That  he  was  well  afTured  no  fuch  Thing 
was  defigned  ;  but,  for  their  Satisfaction,  and  to 
hinder  it,  if  endeavoured,  he  would  not  fail  to  double 
the  Guards  which  were  to  attend  the  Parliament. 
But  for  all  this  the  fecluded  Members,  attended  by 
divers  of  Monke' s  Officers,  went  early  the  next 
Morning  to  Wejlminjler,  and  were  admitted  into 
the  Houfe  by  the  Guards  he  had  placed  there,  who 
were  more  ready  to  defend  than  prevent  them. 
Thus,  adds,  our  Author,  Monke  having  violated  his 
Promifes,  and  abufed  the  Trufl  repofed  in  him  by 
the  Public,  took  up  his  Quarters  again  at  Whitehall* 
the  fame  Morning  the  other  Affair  happened  in  the 

At  this  Time  it  was  that  Mr.  Ludlow's  fcrupu- 
lous  Confcience,  in  Regard  to  Politics,  made  him 
quit  his  Seat  in  Parliament;  for,  he  tells  us,  he  was 
refolved  to  give  no  Countenance  to  the  fecluded 
Members,  by  fitting  with  them  who  had  no  Right 
L  2  to 

164      2T&*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Intcr-regnum/  to  any  Place  in  Parliament,  having  been  expelled  the 
l659-  Houfe  by  more  than  a  Quorum  of  lawful  Members. 

L.  *\—  «j  From  this  Time,  theiefore,  we  fhall  leave  this  Au- 
Marcb.  ^or  ^  ^^  though  he  carries  on  his  Memoirs  to  the 
calling  home  of  the  King  in  this  Volume,  and,  in  a 
fubfequent  one,  much  further,  yet,  flying  his  Coun- 
try from  Juftice  into  Switzerland,  he  could  have 
little  Knowledge  of  Parliamentary  Affairs  in  Eng- 
land, but  what  weretranfmitted  to  him,  from  hence, 
by  Men  as  partial  as  himfelf.  Befides,  his  third 
Volume  is  fo  Huffed  with  perfonal  Invectives  againft 
the  King  and  his  Minifters,  (the  former  of  which 
he  does  not  ftick  to  brand  with  the  Imputation  of 
committing  Inceft  with  his  own  Sifter n)  that  here 
we  think  fit  to  leave  him,  and  all  that  Rancour  and 
Malice  againft  the  Royal  Family,  which  is  plenti- 
fully (hewn  in  this  third  and  laft  Volume  of  his  Me- 

Mr,  mithckt.  The  other  Memorialift,  Wbitlnke,  has  little  in 
him,  at  this  Time,  but  bare  Accounts  of  Proceed- 
ings, which  are  much  better  given  from  the  Jour' 
rials  themfelves,  being  very  fparing  in  his  Reflections 
on  Perfons  and  Things  j  his  own  precarious  Situa- 
tion then  requiring  him  to  be  very  circumfpecl  and 
wary,  in  what  he  wrote  and  faid.  He  feems,  how- 
ever, much  concerned  at  the  Doublings  and  Chan- 
gings  of  the  Times,  and  fears  that  the  choice  Oates, 
he  and  his  Sect  had  been  devouring  for  twelve 
Years  together,  would  be  for  ever  taken  from  them. 
He  apprehended  the  coming  in  of  the  King,  from, 
the  Time  the  fecluded  Members  were  admitted  to 
fit  again  ;  and  fays,  That  though  Hafilrigge^  Nt' 
2//V,  Scott?  and  Robinfon,  did  all  they  could  with 
Monke  to  prevent  it,  yet  neither  they,  nor  any  of 
their  Party,  could  prevail  with  him  to  forbid  their 
Admiffion;  the  Spirit  of  the  People  in  general, 


n  The  Duehefs  of  Orleans,  who,  our  Author  fays,  was  fafpefted, 
by  her  Hufband,  for  a  too  great  Familiarity  with  her  Brother,  after 
her  Return  from  a  Vifit  Ihe  had  made  him  in  England*  and  therefore 
he  poifoned  her  in  a  Glafe  of  L«noj»dc,  •— — =-  LnHwft 
Vcl,  III,  g,  *z7. 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       165 

cfpecially  of  the  Prefbyterians,  running  that  Way  ;  inter-regnu: 
and  the  Cavaliers  agreeing  to  it  as  a  Step  to  bring        1659- 
in  their  King.  ^M^T* 

In  order  to  pave  the  Way  towards  fuch  a  Defign, 
our  Author  goes  on  to  tell  us,  That,  on  the  Ad- 
miffion  of  the  fecluded  Members,  feveral  former 
Votes  were  vacated,  particularly  thofe  patted  in 
1648  and  1649,  by  which  they  were  excluded  the 
Houfe.  Then,  to  pleafe  their  Patron,  they  voted 
Monke  to  be  Captain- General  of  all  the  Forces  in 
England,  Scotland,  and  Ireland,  and  joined  him  in 
Commiffion  with  Montague  to  be  Commanders  in 
Chief  of  the  Fleet ;  both  fit,  adds  he,  for  the  in- 
tended Work.  The  Militia  was  next  to  be  re- 
gulated by  a  new  Bill,  and  fuch  Perfons  nominated, 
throughout  all  England,  for  Commiflioners,  as  were 
to  be  confided  in.  Many  Cavaliers,  Delinquents 
to  the  late  Times,  were  difcharged  out  of  Prifon  : 
And,  laftly,  the  Engagement,  *  To  be  true  and 
faithful  to  the  Commonwealth,  without  a  King  or 
Houfe  of  Lords,'  was  voted  to  be  difcharged,  and 
all  Orders  for  taking  of  it  expunged.  After  all  this, 
the  Parliament  having  patted  a  Bill  for  calling  a 
new  Parliament,  and  another  for  giving  full  Powers 
to  the  Council  of  State,  in  the  Interval  they  diflbl- 
ved  themfelves,  every  one  departing  on  their  own 
particular  Occafions. 

We  come  next  to  a  Writer  of  a  different  Com-  Dr,  Price* 
plexion  from  either  of  the  former,  who,  as  hath 
been  faid,  being  Domeftic  Chaplain  to  the  General, 
and  his  chief  Confident,  muft  certainly  be  beft  ac- 
quainted with  his  Defigns  ;  and,  if  impartially  rela- 
ted, may  be  well  fuppofed  the  beft  Authority.  To 
begin,  then,  where  we  laft  left  off  with  this  Author, 
we  (hall  alfo  here  give  his  Senfe  and  Reafoning  on 
thefe  Proceedings  in  his  own  Words  : 

'  The  Parliament  and  Council  of  State,  upon  the 
firft  Revolt  ofMonke,  and  retiring  to  the  City  with  his 
Army,  eafily  faw  what  they  were  to  truft  to ;  how- 
ever they  ftill  courted  his  Return :  But,  not  trufting 
L  3  to 

1 66       'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum,  to  the  Charms  of  Words  to  allure  him,  they  diftri- 
buted  thofe  Arms  to  Anabaptifts  and  Fifth -Mo- 
narchy-Men,  and  employed  Agitators  in  their  Army 
(now  by  Monkeys  fuccefsful  Artifice  difperfed  in 
Country  Quarters)  to  whifper  his  Treafon  againft 
the  Parliament,  and  to  give  out  openly,  that  Charles 
Stuart  was  like  to  come  in. 

4  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge  was  tax'd,  by  the  General, 
as  the  Promoter  of  this  ill  Office,  but  he  had  not 
the  Courage  to  own  it ;  or,  though  as  good  a  Ge- 
neral as  himfelf,  to  rendezvous  his  Country  Army 
againft  Monke's  in  the  City.  But  it  was  God's 

c  For  now  the  fecluded  Members  of  1648,  who, 
in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  had  refufed  to  ferve  the 
Army's  Defign  of  the  total  Subverfion  of  Monarchy 
in  the  Royal  Line,  began  to  appear ;  and  that  not 
•without  fome  fecret  Encouragement  neither.  The 
General  had  before  moved  it,  by  fome  of  his  Con- 
fidents ;  and  he  looked  upon  it  as  the  eafieft  and 
fafeft  Change  he  could  make  on  the  fudden,  and  moil 
confiftent  with  his  Declaration  in  Scotland, 

'  Thefe  Gentlemen  (the  General  now  being  at 
Drapers- Hall)  infift  upon  their  Re-admiffion,  but 
with  Modefty  and  Prudence,  becoming  their  Condi- 
tion ;  for  they  were  then  much  oppofed  by  the  Zea- 
lots of  Oligarchy,  who  loved  their  Room  better  than 
their  Company.  Thefe  urged  Monke's  Declaration, 
when  he  firft  appeared  for  them  againft  the  Army, 
that  he  was  for  the  Parliament,  as  it  fat  the  nth  of 
Oflober:  The  Secluded  Reply,  That  their  Re-admif- 
fion  was  no  Infringement  of  it ;  for  the  fame  Parli- 
ament would  fit  ftill ;  adding,  further,  that  the  Pur- 
port of  that  Declaration  was  to  reduce  the  Military 
Power  in  Obedience  to  the  Civil ;  and  that  they 
had  been  fecluded  from  the  Houfe  only  by  Force  of 
the  Sword  ;  they  having  no  more  forfeited  their 
Right  of  fitting  there,  than  had  the  other :  It  was 
faid  that,  in  Law,  neither  had  any. 

c  Thefe  were  the  Occurrences  of  the  more  pub- 
lic Remark,  for  about  a  Week ;  at  the  End  of  which 
the  General  thought  it  not  fafe  to  hold  his  Defign  any 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       167 

longer  in  Sufpence,  for  the  Army  in  feveral  Parts  of  inter-regnum. 
the  Country  began  to  grow  mutinous,  and  fome  of  i659- 
our  Officers  to  exprefs  their  Fears  :  Wherefore  he  *—  ~"-~  ' — ' 
convened  a  feleft  Number  of  both  Parties,  to  debate 
upon  the  Affair,  feveral  of  his  own  Officers  being 
prefent.  The  fitting  Members  had  nothing  to  alledge 
(befides  their  Love  of  Power)  but  their  own  Safety 
and  the  Army's,  the  Confciences  of  the  GodJy,  and 
the  Sale  of  publicLancls;  all  which,  they  feared, 
would  be  difturbed  by  the  Introduction  of  the  feclu- 
ded  Members :  But  they  gave  fatisfa&ory  Anfwers  to 
all  theie  Objections,  and  engaged  upon  their  Parole 
(over  and  above)  that  they  would  not  look  upon  what 
had  been  done  fmce  their  Seclufion,  nor  difturb  the 
Property  or  Pretences  of  any  j  but  would  amicably 
fit  and  adl  for  the  Good  of  their  Country,  till,  by 
their  Diflblution,  they  made  Way  for  another  Par- 
liament. This  now  was  fo  fair  a  Propofition,  that 
noEngli/bman,  who  had  any  Senfe  of  theDiftraclions 
of  thefe  Nations,  and  Love  to  the  Commonwealth, 
could  any  way  except  againft  it :  Befides  that,  all 
their  Returns  were  managed  with  fuch  Modefty  of 
Words  and  Behaviour,  that  our  Officers  foon  enter- 
tained a  very  good  Opinion  of  the  Secluded  ;  nay, 
and  many  even  of  the  fitting  Members  themfelves, 
that  were  there  prefent,  exprefied  a  Difpofition  to 
give  Way  to  their  Re-admiffion;  only  they  could 
not  give  their  Votes  for  it  but  in  the  Houfe.  Thus 
ended  the  Conference  ;  and,  in  the  Clofe  of  it,  one 
or  two  of  our  Officers  (more  difcerning,  or  more 
bufy,  than  the  reft)  moved  that  the  Government 
might  be  declared  to  be  by  a  Commonwealth,  and  a 
further  Security  devifed  for  the  Sale  of  the  public 
Lands.  This  pinched  ;  but  it  was  artificially  fhuffled 
off  by  fuggefting,  That  the  Writs,  to  be  hTued  out 
for  the  next  Parliament,  muft  neceffarily  run  in  the 
Name  and  Stile  of  the  Keepers  of  the  Liberties  of 
the  Commonwealth  of  England ;  and  that  the  State 
of  public  Lands  was  already  as  fecure  as  the  Govern- 
ment could  make  it. 

'  The  Men  at  Wejlmlnjler^  underftanding   that 
the  fecluded  Members  were  like  to  keep.  Houfe  with 


1 68     ffie  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Intcr-regnum.  them  again,  began  to  be  very  froward  upon  it,  as  if 
16591  theyfliould  not  have  Elbow- Room  enough ;  yet  they 

** ^"7"^  durft  not  remonftrate  againft  it,  becaufe  they  could 
not  get  the  crafty  General  (who  was  now  judged 
capable,  with  a  little  Help,  of  giving  Check  to  the 
Army)  out  of  his  Hole  in  the  City :  Befide,  that 
the  popular  Cry  ran  for  a  full  and  free  Parliament, 
this  Rump  in  the  laft  Week's  Debate,  touching 
Qualifications  for  Members  to  ferve  in  the  enfuing 
Parliament,  having  alfo  exafperated  and  incenfed 
the  People,  by  voting,  as  if  none  were  fit  to  ferve 
in  that  Capacity  for  the  future,  who  had  not  con- 
tracted equal  Guilt  with  themfelves.  Now,  to  ob- 
viate Monkis  Defign  to  reftore  the  fecluded  Mem- 
bers, fome  of  them  fell  to  offering  a  fpeedy  Refig- 
nation  of  their  own  Power ;  giving  out,  that,  within 
a  few  Days,  they  would  difpatch  the  Qualifications 
before  them  for  the  next  Parliament;  for  they 
thought  it  not  fit  to  refign  up  their  Authority  to 
thofe  who  would  cut  their  Throats :  But  they  found 
it  to  be  too  late  for  this  Pin  to  be  driven  forward  ; 
for  the  General  having  gained,  in  Appearance  at 
leaft,  the  Confent  of  his  Officers,  for  the  refift- 
ing  of  the  fecluded  Members,  upon  certain  Condi- 
tions, they,  all  of  them  that  were  in  and  about  the 
Town,  were  fent  for,  and  the  Articles  of  their  Re- 
admiffion,  which  were  thefe  following,  read  to  them. 

1.  *  To  fettle  the  Command  of  the  Armies  in 
the  Three  Nations,  as  might  beft  fecure  the  com- 
mon Peace  and  Safety  of  them. 

2.  '  To  raife  a  Tax  for  the  Payment  of  the  Ar- 
rears of  the  Army  and  Navy ;  and  what  further  Sup- 
plies mould  be  found  neceflary  for  the  Support  of  the 
Forces  and  Government  of  the  Commonwealth. 

3.  *  To  iflue  forth  Writs  for  a  Parliament,  to  fit 
at  Weftminjler  the  2Oth  of  April  then  next  enfu- 
ing ;  and  to  conftitute  a  Council  of  State  to  fee  this 

4.  «  To  confent  to  their  own  Diflblution,  by  a 
Time  that  fhould  be  limited  unto  them. 

*  To  which,  with  Chearfulnefs,  they  agreed  and 
fubfcribed ;  and,  before  they  left  the  Place,  in  Con- 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       169 

fidence  that  Monke  was  a  true  Patriot,  promifed  to  [nter-regn 
make  him  Commander  in  Chief,  both  by  Sea  and  1659. 
Land.  Thus  they  went  away,  rejoicing  that  they  *— -v^ 
(hould  be  accounted  worthy  to  be  the  Reftorers  of  Marcii 
their  Country's  Freedom. 

'  So  on  Tuefday,  February  21,  thefe  Gentlemen 
met  the  General  at  Whitehall ;  for  to  that  End  only 
he  returned  thither.  He  fpoke  fome  few  Words  to 
them,  reminding  them  chiefly  of  their  Promifes  to 
him,  and  affuring  them  that  he  would  not  impofe 
any  new  Thing  upon  them  ;  and  he  was  as  good  as 
his  Word.  That  Morning  they  were  conducted  by 
Adjutant  Miller,  to  take  their  former  Places  in 
the  Houfe  of  Commons;  which,  as  foon  as  they 
entered,  fome  of  the  fitting  Members  arofe  in  a 
Heat,  and 'left  the  Houfe.  Hafilrigge  and  others 
openly  cried  out  (but  too  late)  That  Monke  was  a 
Traitor  ;  but  Hafilrigge  met  with  no  other  Punifli- 
ment  afterward  for  his  Treafon,  than  his  own  na- 
tive Rage  and  Fury.' 

The  fame  Author  goes  on  and  tells  us,  e  That 
fome  of  the  Peers,  who  had  formerly  agreed  with 
the  Commons,  in  drawing  the  Sword  againft  their 
King,  watched  the  Re-admiffion  of  the  fecluded 
Members,  and  would  have  entered  their  own  Houfe 
at  the  fame  Time  ;  but  the  General,  having  Intima- 
tion of  their  Defign  before-hand,  commanded  Miller 
to  withftand  them  ;  which  the  furly  Officer  obeyed, 
though  he  was  threatened  by  fome  of  the  Lords  for 
doing  it. 

'  The  General  now  quitted  the  City,  and  came  to 
Whitehall,  and  was  foon  after,  fays  theDo&or,  ftiled 
His  Excellency,  Captain-General  of  alt  the  Forces  of 
the  Commonwealth  by  Sea  and  Land :  Though,  in  the 
former,  Montague  was  joined  in  Authority  with 
him,  which  was  a  Breach  of  Promife;  but  he  had 
Work  enough  to  do  at  Land,  and  Ambition,  adds 
he,  was  not  his  Aim. 

*  Letters  were  immediately  difpatched  away  by 
the  General,  to  the  CommandingOfficers  \nScotland 
and  Ireland,  and  to  feveral  others  in  the  Garrifons 
and  Stations  in  England-,  in  which  was  fignified  the 


170       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  Neceffity  of  acting  what  had  been  done  in  order  to 

l659"        preferve  and  inlarge  the  Intereft  of  the  Common- 

Mud)        wealth.     And  the  fecluded  Members,  now  coming 

from  all  Parts  of  the  Kingdom,  foon  fwallowed  up 

the  Rump,  and  left  it,  fays  he,  as  a  bare  Bone.' 

The  laft  Inftrument  we  find  in  the  Collection  fo 
often  mentioned,  is  a  Copy  of  this  very  fmgular 
Letter,  mentioned  in  the  laft  Paragraph  from  Dr. 
Price's  Memoirs,  which  we  fhall  alfo  add  to  the  reft, 
in  its  own  Words,  without  any  Comment. 

A  LETTER  from  the  Lord-General  MONKE,  and  the 
Officers  here,  to  the  feveral  and  refpeftive  Regi- 
ments^  and  other  Forces,  in  England,  Scotland, 
and  Ireland, 
Dear  Brethren  and  Fellow  Soldiers, 

c  "X^  O  U  cannot  be  ignorant  of  the  many  Endea- 

*  j[     vours,    and  earned  Defires,   of  many  good 

*  Men  in  thefe  Nations,  to  bring  us  to  a  Settlement; 

*  which  it  hath  pleafed  God  to  dtfappoint  unto  this 

*  Day,  and  leave  us  as  a  broken  and  divided  People, 

*  ready  to  run  into  Blood  and  Confufion ;  which 

*  that  we  might  prevent  fo  great  Calamities  impend- 

*  ing,  after  our  earneft  feeking  God  for  his  Direc- 

*  tion  and  Afliftance,  we  find  no  Expedient  fo  likely 

*  for  the  Satisfa6tion  of  the  good  People,  and  the 

*  Quiet  and  Welfare  of  this  Commonwealth,  as  the 

*  Re-admifTion  of  the  fecluded  Members,  in  order 

*  to  a  legal  Difiblution  of  this  Parliament  by  their 
'  own  free  Confents ;  and  to  iflue  Writs  for  a  future 

*  full  Reprefentative  of  the  whole  Commonwealth 
4  of  England,  Scotland,  and  Ireland,  under  fuch  Qua- 

*  lifications  as  may  fecure  our  Caufe,  to  convene  on 

*  the  2Cth  of  April  next  at  Weftmlnfter,  for  the  efta- 

*  blifhing  this  Commonwealth  upon  the  Foundations 
'  of  Juftice  and  true  Freedom.    And,  to  take  away 
6  alljuft  Jealoufies  from  you,  we  do  aflure  you,  that 

*  we  mail  join  with  you  in  the  Maintenance  ofthofe 
«  Ends  exprefled  in  the  inclofeda,  and  do  expect  your 

*  chearful  Concurrence  with  us.     And  we  defire  to 

<  take 
a  This  was  his  Speech  at  the  re-admitting  the  fedudsd  Memlcre. 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       171 

c  take  God  to  witnefs,   that  we  have  no  Intentions  Infer- regnusu 

<  orPurpofesto  return  to  our  old  Bondage;  but  fince         l6S9- . 

*  the  Providence  of  God  hath  made  us  free  at  the  ^«7V7  ^ 

<  Coft  of  fo  much  Blood,  we  hope  we  fhall  never  be 

<  found  fo  unfaithful  to  God  and  his  People,  as  to 

*  lofe  fo  glorious  a  Caufe.     But  we  do  refolve,  with 
'  the  Affiftance  of  God,  to  adhere  to  you  in  the  con- 

*  tinuing  of  our  dear-purchafed  Liberties,  both  Spi- 
'  ritual  and  Civil.    The  Reafon  of  our  Proceedings 
'  in  this  Manner  may  feem  ftrange  ;  but  if  you  duly 

*  confider  the  Neceflities  of  our  Affairs,  and  the  pre- 
«  fent  State  of  Things,   you  will  certainly  conclude 

*  nothing  fo  fafe  to  fecure  public  Intereft,   and  to 

*  engage  the  Nations  peaceably  to  fubmit  to  a  Free 

*  State ;  moft  of  thefe  Members  having  given  us  full 
'  Aflurance,  that  their  Seffion  in  Parliament  (hall 

*  not  be  longer  than  abfolute  Neceffity  will  require 
'  to  the  putting  the  Government  intofucceffive  Par- 
'  liaments,  they  not  being  free  fo  to  aft  by  the  old 
'  Writs,  as  when  they  fhall  be  called  upon  a  Com- 
'  monwealth  Account :  And  it  is  the  Opinion  of  the 
«  trueft  Friends  to  a  Free  State,  That  it  cannot  be 
'  confiftent  with  the  perpetual  fitting  of  thefe  Mem- 
'  bers,  being  contrary  to  the  Nature  of  fuch  a  Go- 

*  vernment. 

«  And  as  we  are  confident  the  prefent  Parliament, 

*  now  fitting,  will  not  repeal  any  of  the  A&s,  Or- 
'  dinances,  or  Orders  of  this  Parliament,  for  Sales  or 
'  public  Difpofitions  of  Lands  ;  fo  we  (hall,  in  our 

*  Station,  obferve,  and  caufe  to  be  obferved,  all 

*  other  Ads   and  Ordinances  of  this  Parliament 
'  whatfoever,  and  humbly  interpofe  with  the  next 
'  fucceeding  Parliament,   not  only  to  pafs  a  further 
'  Aft  of  Confirmation  of  all  fuch  Sales  and  Difpo- 
6  fitions  of  Lands,  here  and  in  Scotland,  but  alfo 

*  of  all  the  Diftributions  and  Difpofitions  of  Lands 

*  and  Houfes  in  Ireland  to  the  Soldiery,  Adventu- 
c  rers,   or  any  other  Perfons,  made  by  or  in  purfu- 
'  ance  of  any  of  the  A6ts,  Ordinances,  or  Orders, 

*  of  this  prefent  Parliament,  or  any  pretended  Par- 
'  liamemary  Authority. 


Inter- regimen , 


272     ¥he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

*  And  we  entreat  you  to  fend  up  an  Officer,  to  give 
e  to  the  Lord -General  Monke  an  Account  of  your  Ac- 
«  quiefcence  with  us  herein.  And  if  any  difaffe&ed 

*  Perfons  fhall  hereby  take  Occafion  to  make  Di- 
«  fturbance  of  the  Peace  of  the  Commonwealth, 

*  either  in  Favour  of  Charles  Stuart,  or  any  other 
«  pretended  Authority,  we  defire  you  to  fecure  them 
'  till  the  Pleafure  of  the  Parliament  or  Council  of 

*  State  be  known  in  that  Behalf.     You  fhall  fpee- 
K  dily  receive  Encouragements  and  Supplies  of  Mo- 

*  nies ;  and,  indeed,  it  was  not  the  leaft  Motive  that 

*  induced  us  to  this  Way  of  Compofure  of  Affairs, 
«  that  we  might  facilitate  the  raifing  of  Monies  for 
«  the  Subfiftence  of  the  Army  and  Navy,  which 
'  would  not  otherwife  have  been  done,  if  at  all,  but 
«  with  Effufion  of  Blood.     We  have  nothing  more 
«  at  this  Time,  but  to  aflure  you  that  we  fhall  ever 

*  remain, 

Dear  Brethren  and  Fellow  Soldiers, 

Whitehall,  Feb.  21, 

Tour  very  ajfettionate  Friends, 




WILLIAM  EYRE,     ") 
RICH.  MOSSE,  |  ^ 


ARTHUR  EvELIN,        f  ~| 

JOHN  STREATER,      ]  ^ 

Jo.  BUTLER,  £>uarter-Mafter-Genera?, 

JAMES  EMERSON,  )> Lieutenant-Colonels, 








Of   ENGLAND.         173 

To  proceed  now  again  with  the  Do&or :  We  fliall  inter-regnum, 
purpofely  pafs  over  fome  private  Converfation  be-       1659. 
tween  the  General  and  his  Chaplain,  about  Bifhops,    *— — v""«J 
fcfV.  as  well  as  of  fome  other  Matters,  of  little  or  no       March» 
Confequence,  relating  to  the  Church  ;  and  purfue, 
with  our  Author,  the  Civil  and  Military  Affairs  of 
the  Nation,   which  were  now  every  where  on  the 
Wheels  of  Motion.     The  Parliament  had  conftitu- 
ted  a  new  Council  of  State ;  had  taken  off  the  En- 
gagement againft  the  King  and  Houfe  of  Lords. 
This  laft,  he  tells  us,  was  impofed  on  the  Subject 
foon  after  the  Murder  of  the^King,  when  the  Army 
had  fet  up  the  Remainder  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
for  a  Free  State.     Though,  he  adds,  the  Solemn 
League  and  Covenant,  which  was  in  fome  Senfe  for 
Monarchy,  but  in  all  againft  Prelacy,  hung  ftill  on 
the  Walls  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  which, 
with  the  Names  of  the  renowned  Subfcribers,  was 
left  to  the  Cenfure  of  the  next  Parliament. 

*  The  General  kept  a  watchful  Eye  on  his  Enemy, 
the  other  Army ;  but,  being  now  in  full  Martial 
Power  over  all,  he  went  on  reforming  the  Colonels 
and  the  other  Officers,  who  were  found  troublefome 
or  difaffec~ted,  till  he  had  not  left  a  Zealot  or  a 
Preacher  amongft  them.  The  Parliament  eafed  him 
alfo  of  much  Trouble,  by  fettling  the  Militia ;  in 
which,  the  Doctor  tells  us,  neither  Independent, 
Anabaptift,  Fifth-Monarchy-Man,  or  Quaker,  had 
any  Sort  of  Command  ;  a  Cavalier  was  then  become 
a  lefs  odious  Name.  And  thus,  adds  he,  were  Things 
carried  all  over  the  Nation,  and  a  fair  Profpect  gi- 
ven of  the  King's  Return,  all  the  ambitious  and  pu- 
ritanical Officers  of  the  marching  Army  being  laid 

'  There  did  not  want  the  Power  of  Money,  alfo, 
to  affift  the  Caufe,  which  will  always  do  great 
Matters  with  the  common  Soldiery,  the  Parliament 
having  taken  Care  to  continue  the  100,000  /. 
monthly  Afleflment  on  England  and  Wales^  for  fix 
Months  more.  By  this  Means  Col.  Overton's  Gar- 
rifon  at  Hull,  of  which  he  was  Governor,  were 
gained  from  him,  and  he  obliged  to  give  up  that 


174     T%e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

ftter-regnum.  ftrong  Fortrefs  to  the  Parliament,  which  otherwife 
l659-        might  have  proved  very  troublefome. 

4"7TVr"*11'^  '  ^ut  ^> the  Do&or  acquaints  us,  there  was  an- 
other  great  Rub  to  get  over ;  all  the  Officers  in  the 
Army,  who  kept  their  Commiffions,  had  actually 
figned  their  Concurrence  for  introducing  the  fecludcd 
Members,  and  owned  the  Neceffity  of  it ;  but  yet 
they  would  underftand  their  Obedience  to  the  Parlia- 
anent  to  extend  no  further  than  as  they  were  grounded 
upon  a  Free  State  :  For  this  was  the  Phrafe  Monke 
and  his  Officers  ufed  in  their  Letter  to  the  Parlia- 
ment, which  intimate^  a  Readinefs  in  them  to  take 
Care  thefe  fhould  not  be  loft.  Hut  now  they  were 
notfatisfied  of  the  good  Intentions  of  the  Parliament 
touching  this  Government ;  nor  much  better  of  the 
General's,  who  had  refufed  the  Offer  of  the  Honour 
and  Manor  of  Hampton-Court ,  (the  only  Portion  of 
Crown-Lands  yet  unfold)  porTeffed  by  Cromwell ', 
when  he  affumed  the  Title  of  Protector  :  For  the  old 
fitting  Members  had  craftily  propofed  the  giving  of 
this  to  him  ,and  the  fecluded  could  not  fairly  with- 
ftand  theMotion  of  rewarding  him :  But  theGeneral, 
upon  his  refufing  the  Donation  of  thefe  Lands,  as  a 
Houfe  too  great  for  him,  was  recompenfed  with  a 
Gift  of  20,000  /.  yet  this  Non-acceptance  rendered 
him  ftill  more  fufpedled. 

'  Now  thefe  Officers,  when  they  faw  the  General 
had  refufed  thefe  Crown- Lands,  and  even  the  Dig- 
nity of  the  Crown  itfelf,  when  offered  by  fome  who 
beft  underftood  their  own  Safety,  combined  into 
dangerous  Refolutions,  and  contrived  a  Paper  to  be 
univerfally  fubfcribed,  (prefenting  it  to  the  General 
for  his  Subfcription  in  the  firft  Place)  the  Purport  of 
which  was,  To  declare  that  the  Government  of  thefe 
Three  Nations  fhould  be  a  Commonwealth,  with- 
out Kingfhip  or  any  other  Single  Perfon,  by  what 
Name  or  Title  foever  dignified  or  diftinguiflied  : 
And  that  this  prefent  Parliament  fhould  be  required 
to  pafs  this  into  an  Ac!:,  as  a  Fundamental  Confti* 
tution,  not  to  be  fhaken  or  queftioned  by  future 
Parliaments ;  and  that  the  Army  ought,  upon  no 
other  Terms,  to  maintain  their  Authority.  Thefe 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       175 

Officers  did  aflfemble  very  daringly  before  the  Ge-  Inter-regnura. 

neral,    Col.  Okey   being   their  Prolocutor.     This        j659- 

Gentleman  was  a  better  Soldier  than  an  Orator ;    *•— "v— "-^ 

befide  that  his  Life  lay  at  Stake,  having  fat  as  Judge 

upon  the  King's.    He  was  alfo  a  known  Stickler  for 

the  Commonwealth's  Party,  and  but  lately  as  much 

a  General  as  Monke  himfelf ;  neither  did  he  want 

either  a  Courage  to  aft,  or,  poflibly,  a  Party  of  the 

Army  to  follow  him :  Wherefore  the  General  did 

not  efteem  it  prudent  to  ruffle  in  Words,  though  he 

was  refolved  not  to  gratify  their  Requeft,  by  fub- 

fcribing  to  the  Paper :  So  that  Commiflary  C!argi? 

(for  fo  now  he  was  of  the  Mufters)  was  put  upon 

undertaking  the  Debate,  for  he  had  the  General's 

good  Opinion,  as  favouring  his  Defign :  And  indeed 

it  concerned  him  to  deferve  it,  both  their  Interefts 

being  bound  up  in  the  fame  Bottom. 

'  I  happened  to  be  prefent  at  tire  Debate,  which 
Ciargis  managed  with  much  Refolution  and  Dexte- 
rity of  Words,  laying  before  them  their  own  Dan- 
ger, in  making  at  that  Time  fuch  an  Addrefs  to  the 
Parliament,  in  regard  this  was  the  very  Parliament: 
that  would  not  be  frighted  with  their  Arms  or  Im- 
peachments of  HighTreafon  before;  much  lefs  now, 
when  all  fober  Men  faw  the  Inconveniency  of  being 
govern'd  by  an  Army:  Further  infmuating,  That  the 
General  and  his  Officers  were  not  to  prefcribe  unto 
them :  That  the  Parliament  had  an  Authority,  in 
which  themfelves,  by  their  Subfcription,  did  acqui- 
efce  :  That  they  could  vote  the  General,  and  whom 
elfe  they  thought  fit,  out  of  their  Commands  ;  ar.d, 
when  that  was  done,  pafs  a  Vote  for  their  own  Dif- 
folution,  without  appointing  the  iduing  out  of  Write 
for  the  fucceeding  Parliament :  For  if  the  General, 
he  faid,  would  break  his  Promife  of  not  difturbing 
them,  they  might  very  well  break  theirs  for  calling  • 
another  Parliament :  And  that  there  would  be  no 
Fear  of  a  Civil  Government,  becaufe  there  was  none 
to  aflume  it,  (unlefs  they  would  truft  Richard  Crom- 
well) the  General  having  refufed  it,  as  fome  of 
themfelves  well  knew,  who  had  made  him  an  Offer 
of  it,  Thefe  Reafons  the  General  approved  of; 


iy6     *The  Parliametitary  HISTORY 

Inter-regimm.  and  added,  That  he  would  rather  be  torn  in  Pieces 
l659«       by  wild   Horfes,    than  be  fo  treacherous   to  his 

t-"""v"T-J     Country's  Freedom. 

<  The  Debate  was  long,  and  not  without  fome 
Heat  of  Words ;  but  after  our  Officers  had  fpent 
their  Fears  and  Jealoufies  of  loting  the  Good  Old 
Caufe,  the  General,  with  Gravity  and  Calmnefs, 
admonifhed  them,  that  it  was  contrary  to  the  Dif- 
cipline  of  an  Army  to  meddle  with  Civil  Govern- 
ment: That  they  and  he  were  under  the  Command 
of  the  Parliament,  their  Superiors:  That  he  did  not 
doubt  but  the  next  Parliament  would  quiet  all  their 
Apprehenfions  ;  and  that  this,  could  not  hurt  them, 
for  that  they  were  upon  the  Point  of  diflblving 
themfelves  :  Then  he  feverely  commanded  his  Of- 
ficers to  have  no  more  of  thefe  Meetings  without  his 
Privacy,  foon  after  removing  fome  of  them  from 
their  Commands. 

'  The  next  Trouble  the  General  found,  our  Au- 
thor tells  us,  was  from  the  Parliament  itlelf  j  fevcral 
of  whofe  Members,  defirous  to  keep  their  Places, 
were  offering  at  breaking  the  Articles  of  their  Ad- 
miffion,  and  not  to  yield  to  the  calling  of  another 
Parliament.  Mr.  Prynne  fpoke  it  openly,  '  That,  if 
the  King  muft  come  in,  it  was  fafeft  for  them  that 
he  {hould  come  in  by  their  Votes,  who  had  made  the 
War  againft  his  Father.'  But,  Mr.  Prynne  being 
fent  for,  he  was  admonifhed  to  be  quiet;  and  it  was 
the  Bufmefs  of  fome  others,  the  Doctor  fays,  to 
keep  their  expiring  Seflion  of  Parliament  fteady, 
and  clear  from  intermeddling  with  Change  of  Go- 
vernment. They  did  not,  however,  part  without 
leaving  fome  Testimony  of  their  Difloyalty  behind 
them,  as,  by  pafling  a  Vote  for  the  General  to  give 
no  Commiflions  to  any  Officer,  but  to  fuch  as  would 
make  the  following  Declaration  : 

/  A.  B.  do  acknowledge  and  declare^  That  tkt 
War  undertaken  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  in 
their  defenfive  Part^  again/I  the  Forces  raijed  in  tbt 
Name  of  the  late  King,  was  juft  and  law/uL 


They  alfo  added  the  following  Claufe  in  the  Icter-regnuu. 
Qualification  Bill :  1659. 

'That  all  and  every  Perfon  and  Pirfatts*  tuba  hove  Marc»» 
odvifed^  aidedy  abetted,  or  ajjifted,  In  any  War  again/I 
the  Parliament^  fence  tht  jirft  of  January,  1641,  kf9 
they^  or  their  Sons,  Jhall  be  incapable  to  be  eleRed  to 
ferve  as  Members  of  the  next  Parliament*  unleft  bf 
or  they  have  fince  manifefted  their  good  Afftftiom  t9 
this  Parliament. 

And  now  the  Parliament  having  done  all  the  Ge- 
neral's Work  for  him,  he  longed  to  get  rid  of  them  ; 
and  thinking  them  a  little  dilatory,  he  took  the 
Liberty  to  put  them  in  Mind  of  it  himfelf.  But  as 
the  longeft  Day  will  have  an  End,  adds  the  Do£tor, 
this  Long  Parliament  difiblved  themfelves,  March 
the  l6th  ;  and  as  for  their  Votes,  they  were  no 
more  regarded  than  dead  Men's  Shoes,  the  Country 
haftening  to  new  Elections  as  faft  as  the  Writs  came 
down.— Thus  far  our  Hiftorians. 

And  now,  before  we  take  an  eternal  Leave  of 
thefe  Men,  who  had  lorded  it  over  Three  Nations, 
under  the  Name  of  a  Parliament,  for  fo  many  Years 
together,  we  think  fit  to  fubjoin  to  our  Hiftory  of 
them,  another  fhort  Pamphlet,  printed  in  the  Year 
1660,  very  near  their  Fall.  ^By  this  the  Reader 
will  fee,  that  the  Patriots  of  thofe  Times  had  the 
fame  lucrative  Views,  in  ferving  their  Country,  as 
thofe  of  later  Dates  ;  and  that  the  Auri  facra  Fames9 
(the  Motto  to  the  Book)  whatever  their  Pretenfions 
might  be,  was  more  cogent  than  the  Laws  and  Li- 
berties they  feemingly  fought  for.  We  {hall  not 
take  upon  us  to  affert  the  Truth  of  every  Man's 
Character,  which  is  alphabetically  put  down  in  the 
Pamphlet ;  the  Reader  will  find  that  many  Names 
of  Members  are  omitted  in  the  Catalogue,  which 
makes  us  charitably  fuppofe,  that  thofe  Men  fhared 
not  in  the  general  Plunder  made  on  Church,  Crown, 
and  Bifhops  Lands,  forfeited  Eftates,  &c.  whiift 

Voi,.  XXII.  M  others 

178'        The  Parliamentary  HISORV 

Iflter-regmun.'  others  apparently  did  fo,  at  an  exorbitant  Rate.  No^ 
doubt  it  was  to  blacken  thofe  Men  only,  that  this" 
Catalogue  was  printed  ;  and  we  believe  the  Reader 
will  find,  on  comparing  Lifts,  that  they  were  by  far 
the  Majority  of  the  then  Houfe' of  Commons.  The 
Title  of  the  Pamphlet  is  as  follows  : 

TheMyftery  of  the  Good  OldCaufe,  briefly  unfolded, 
in  a  Catalogue  of  fitch  Members  of  the  late  Long 
Parliament,  that  held  Offices,  both  Civil  and  Mi- 
litary)  contrary  to  the  Self-denying  Ordinance.  To- 
gether with  the  Sitms  of  Money  and  Lands  which 
they  divided  among  themfelves  during  their  Sitting, 
at  leajl  fuch  as  were  difpojed  of  publickly.  b 

Such  as  have  this  Mark  *  before  their  Names,  were 
Recruiters  of  that  'Long  Parliament,  and  illegally 
chofen ;  and  thofe  with  this  Mark  %  were  the  King's 

<  \ T  TILLIAM  ALLANSON,  Kt.  Alder- 

VV  man  of  York,  was  made  Clerk  of  the 
Hanaper,  a  Place  worth  iooo/.  per  Annum,  had 
Cawood-Caftle,  worth  600  /.  per  Annum?  once  the 
Bifhop  of  Tork'&9  and  hath  purchafed  a  vaft  Reve- 
nue of  Bifhops  Lands  at  eafy  Rates. 

'  John  Ajh  had  given  him  out  of  Mr.  Coventry's 
Compofition,  4000 /.  out  of  Sir  Edward  Mcfeieys* 
iooo  /.  out  of  Mr.  Edward  Phillips 's,  1200  /.  out  of 
Sir  John  Stowel's  Eftate,  8000 /.  and,  which  is  worth 
all  this,  was  the  great  Chairman  at  Goldfmhhs- 
Hall.  Is  not  this  better  than  Cloathing  ? 

'  *l  Francis  Allen,  a  Goidfmith  at  St.  Dun/Ian* $  in 
Fleet-Jlreet,  was  made  Cuftomer  of  London,  befides 
other  Offices  and  Gifts,  and  bath  purchafed,  at  a  low 
Rate,  the  Bifhop  of  Che/ler's  Houfes  at  iVmcbifter 
and  Waltham,  was  one  of  his  Sovereign's  Judges,, 
and  a  conftant  Rumper. 

'  %  John  Alured,  Colonel,  one  of  his  Sovereign's 
Judges,  and  a  conftant  Rumper, 

b  Ltnden,  printed  In  the  firft  Ye«  of  JSiffmt'e  Libertj, 
o\«ft  twwty  Years  Sjirsrf,  16^9. 

Of    ENGLAND.        179 

*  Thomas  Atkins,  Alderman,  as  honeft  as  fweet :  Inter- 
He  was  a  Treafurer  at  War,  and  licked  his  Fingers        l659 
at  the  Time  the  major  Part  of  the  Houfe  of  Parlia-      jJa*ch 
ment  was,  by  unheard-of  Infolence,  feciuded  from 
fitting.     He  was  the  only  Member  left  in  it  that 
ferved  for  the  City  of  Norwich,  and  was  a  conftant 
Rumper  to  the  Jaft. 

*  Edward  AJh,  Woollendraper,  Treafurer  for  pro- 
viding of  Cloaths  for  the  Irijh  Soldiers. 

*  *  William  Ay f cough ,  Captain  of  a  Troop  of 

f  William  Armyne,  Knr.  Agent  in  Scotland  foi  the 
State  ;  a  factious  wicked  one  in  his  Way. 
'  William  Armyne,  Colonel. 

*  — —  AJhurft,  went  a  Commiffioner  into  Scot- 
land^ had  the  Clerk  of  the  Peace's  Place  for  Lan- 
cajhire,  and  iooo/.  in  Money  given  him. 

4  *%  y°^n  Brad/haw,  Serjeant  of  the  Law,  Lord- 
Prefident  of  the  High  Court  of  Injuftice,  and  Preft- 
cient  of  the  Council  of  State.  There  was  given  him. 
(befides  the  Earl  of  St.  Albany's  Manor  of  Summers- 
Hal!,  in  Kent*  worth  15007.  per  Annum)  the  Lord 
Cottington's  Eftate,  called  Fantebill,  in  Wilt/hire* 
his  Manor  of  Hanworth,  near  Hun/low,  in  Middle- 
fex,  and  the  Dean's  Houfe  at  the  College  at  Weft- 
•minjler.  He  was  one  of  the  Judges  of  the  Sheriffs' 
Court  in  Guildhall \  London^  and  Juftice  of  the 
County  Palatine  of  Chejler.  After  the  moft  noto- 
rious Villainies  that  ever  were  committed,  for  the 
keeping  up  a  Tail  of  a  Parliament  in  perpetual 
Power,  he  faw  it  interrupted  for  almoft  iix  Years 
together,  and  at  length  died,  during  the  laft  Inter- 
ruption of  it  by  Lambert. 

^  <  Edward  Bijhe,  Garter  Herald  in  Sir  Edward 
Walker's  Place,  worth  3  or  400  /.  per  Annum :  An 
honeft  Man. 

4  *  John  Bond,  Son  to  Dennis  Bond,  a  Parlia- 
ment Man,  made  Mafter  of  Trinity- Hall,  in  Cam- 
bridge, which  Mr.  Selden  refufed  to  accept  of. 

'  *  Nathaniel  Bacon  had  given  him  3OOO/.  a/tet1- 

wards  Mafter  of  the  Requefts  to  the  Cromwells,  during 

the  greateft  Part  of  their  Ufurpation,  bis  Salary  for 

M  ?,  which 

180     'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  which  was  500  /.  per  Annum,  and  it  is  likely  would 
be  in  the  fame  Office  for  whomfoever  would  pay 
him  the  fame  Wages. 

'  Sir  William  Brereton,  Colonel,  General  for  the 
Chejhire  Forces,  had  the  Sequeftration  of  Cq/biober- 
ry,  and  other  Lands  of  the  Lord  Capel,  worth  2000  /. 
'per  Annum.)  and  the  Archbiftiop's  Houfe  and  Lands 
at  Croydon,  where  he  hath  turned  the  Chapel  into  a 
Kitchen. — A  goodly  Reformation,  and  fits  with  his 
Stomach  as  well  as  his  Religion.  He  was  one  of 
the  Rumpers,  and  a  bafe  Coward. 

<  %  John  Blake/Ion,  a  Shop-keeper  in  Newcaftk, 
was  Executor  to  the  Executor  of  Sir  Jo.  Farmer* 
trufted  with  6000 /.  for  charitable  Ufes,  and  was 
iued  in  Chancery  to  perform  the  Truiir,  but  got 
himfelf  returned  a  Burgefs  for  Newcajile,  by  the 
Scots  Garrifon  there;  had  3000 /.  given  him  out 
of  the  Marquis  of  Newcaftle's  and  the  Lord  IVid- 
drington's  Eftates,  in  Compenfation  of  the  Lofs  of 
his  Pedlar's  Ware  in  his  Shop.  He  had  formerly 
given  him  14,000 /.  and  560 /.  was  given  to  his 
Brother  John,  as  was  made  appear  before  a  Com- 
mittee, whereof  Mr.  Sandis  of  the  Temple  war, 
Chairman.  He  had  alfo  a  Coal-meter's  Place,  worth 
20O /.  per  Annum,  and  the  Bifhop  of  Durham*  Ca- 
ftle  at  Durham,  and  Lands  of  great  Value.  He  was 
one  of  the  King's  Judges. 

'  *  John  Birch,  Colonel,  afterwards  a  fcc'uden 

«  Godfrey  Bofwfll,   Colonel. 

*  Richard  Brown,  Major-«General  and  Governor 
of  Abingdon,  was  afterwards  profecuted  for  defigning 
to  fecure  the  City  of  London^  when  Fairfax,  by  the 
Command  of  his  Lieutenant-General  CranweU* 
inarched  with  his  Army  againft  the  City,  the  chiefeft 
Occafion  and  Inlet  of  all  our  Woes.  He  was  im- 
prifoned  for  the  moft  Part  of  the  Rumps  and  Oliver'* 
Tyranny,  and  hath  manifefted  himfelf,  both  by  his 
Actings  and  Sufferings,  a  cordial  Lover  both  of  hi? 
Prince  and  Country,  and  hath  been  a  very  active 
Inftruraent  for  the  Goad  of  tbcfe  Kingdoms. 

^ENGLAND.       j8r 

c  William  Bingham,  Colonel  of  Horfe  and  Foot,  inter-regnum. 
Governor  of  Pool,  had  given  him  IOOO/.  1659. 

*  John  Brown,   married  Sir  Richard  Trenchard's  ^—  "*"*  "^ 
Sifter,  a  petty  Committee- Man,  feized  IOOO/.  of      March- 
the  Stock  and  Goods  of  Farmer  Wades,  in  Port- 
land, whom,  tho'  the  Committee  acquitted  of  Ma- 
lignancy, yet  could  not  his  Goods,  being  in  the 

Hands  of  a  Member,  be  re-deiivered  :  So  they  arc 
malignant  ftill,  and  fecured  in  Mr.  Brown's  Hands. 

'  |  Dennis  Bond,  a  Woollendraper,  he  takes,  by 
his  Truftees,x  his  Sons  and  Brother,  one  Son  he 
made  Mailer  ofTrinify-Hall,  in  Cambridge^  another 
Auditor  of  the  Excife,  worth  500  /.  per  Annum  ; 
and  his  Brother,  Governor  of  Portland,  Receiver  of 
the  King's  Rents  in  Southampton  and  Somerfet.  He 
was  one  of  the  King's  Judges. 

'  John  Bellt  Apothecary  to  the  Body  Politic,  hath 
as  little  given  him  as  he  deferves  in  honeft  Times  i 
but,  to  preferve  the  Privilege  of  the  Houfe,  is  pro- 
tedded  for  what  he  can  get.  He  was  a  Truftee  for 
the  Poor  at  Wejlminfter ;  Receiver  of  Mr.  Anthro- 
bus's  and  others  Money  for  the  Poor;  was  fued  for 
an  Account,  faid  he  could  not  anfwer  without  Breach 
of  Privilege  of  Parliament,  and  that  he  durft  not  ; 
by  which  Means  Parliament-Men  are  the  fureft 
Keepers  of  a  Truft. 

c  Thomas  Boone,  formerly  a  Tapfler,  had  6000  /. 
given  him :  A  cruel  Committee-Man,  that  lick'd  his 
Fingers,  and  hath  got  a  vaft  Eftate. 

'  Richard  Barry^  Colonel,  Governor  of  Garlifle. 

*  Francis  Bacon^   Recorder  of  Ipfwich,   in   the 
Place  of  Requefts  to  both  the  Protedors,  for  the 
fame  Salary  with  his  Brother  Nat. 

'  *  Sir  Thomas  Barnardifton,  Colonel. 

*  *  Robert  Blake,  Colonel,  Governor  ofTauntan, 
and  one  of  the  Admirals  of  England. 

6  %  Daniel  Blagrave^  a  CounfelSor  at  Law,  a 
great  Committee-Man,  Steward  of  Reading,  and  was 
made  Treafurer  of  the  faid  County ;  had  given  him 
the  Exegenter's  Office  of  the  Common  Pleas,  worth 
500  /.  per  Annum.  He  bought  the  King's  Fee  Farm 
M  of 

The  'Parliamentary  HISTORV 

r-regnum.  of  the  great  Manor  of  Sunningg,  in  Berkflnre,  and 

l659-       other  Eftates,  at  very  eafy  Rates  ;  Mafter  Extraor-. 

V"'"""J    dinary  in  Chancery,  a  conftant  Rumper,  and  one  of 

his  Majefty's  moft  cruel  Judges :  He  was  a  great 

Perfecutor  of  the  Minifters  of  Reading^  or  elfe  they 

flander  him,  which  is  hardly  poffible. 

*  +  Oliver  Cromwell.  This  Scourge  of  God  was, 
m  the  Beginning  of  thefe  Troubles,  a  Man  of  no 
confiderable  Fortune.  There  are  Letters  of  his  to 
be  feen  in  the  Hands  of  a  Perfon  of  Quality,  wherein 
he  mentions  his  whole  Eftate  to  amount  to  about 
I300/.  which  at  that  Time  he  intended  to  lay  out 
upon  a  Purchafe  of  drained  Fen  Lands.  He  pafled 
thro'  the  leveral  Degrees  of  Military  Command,  till 
he  was  advanced  to  be  General  of  the  Army,  du- 
ring which  Time  he  received  great  Gifts  out  of  the 
Eftates  of  the  Duke  of  Buckingham^  the  Lord  Fran- 
cis  Fillers,  the  Marquis  vlWorcefter**  Eftate,  worth 
5  or  6000  A  per  Annum,  and  others,  befides  great 
Sums  of  Money  at  feveral  Times;  and,  'tis  faid,  for 
fome  Years,  the  whole  Revenue  of  near  all  the  Be- 
nefices in  (Pales?  employing  four  itenerant  Teachers 
to  coaft  about  that  Country,  for  ioo/.  per  Annum  a 
Man;  and  tookOccafion  to  diflblve  the  Rump  of  the 
Long  Parliament,  juft  as  they  were  going  to  call  for 
the  Accounts  of  that  Money,  which  amounted  to  a 
vaft  Sum.  One  would  have  thought  all  this,  with 
the  General's  Pay,  might  have  fatisfied  fuch  a  Man's 
Appetite,  whofe  Beginning  was  fo  mean;  but,  ha- 
ving projected  Greatnefs  and  Sovereignty  to  himfelf 
from  the  Beginning,  he  waded  to  it  thro'  the  Blood 
of  his  natural  Prince,  and  s;reat  Numbers  of  his  Fel- 
low Subjects,  and  made  himfelf  Supreme  Governor 
of  thefe  Nations,  under  the  Title  of  Protector,  which 
Power  he  held  with  much  Oppreffion,  Diflimula- 
tion,  Hypocrify,  and  Bloodfhed,  for  about  five  Years, 
when  God  cut  him  offbefore  he  had  well  provided  for 
the  Eftablifhment  of  his  Son  in  the  Succeflion.  His 
Funeral  was  folemnized  with  great  Pomp,  they  fay 
to  the  Expence  of  30,000  /.  which  is  yet  unpaid, 
fie  fpent  a  vafs  deaj  of  Treafure  to  maintain  his 

Tyranny  $ 

Of    ENGLAND.         183 

Tyranny.;,  bulj.he  is  gone  to  his  own. Place,  and  let 
his  Memory  be  acgurfed  ibr  ever. 

*  |  Miles  Corbel ,  at  the  Beginning  of  this  Parlia- 
ment,  a  Man  of  fmall  Eftate,  made  one  of  the  Re- 
gifters  in  Chancery,  worth  700 /.  per  Annum^  and 
hath  Money  in  his  Purfe.  He  was  ten  Times  one 
of  the  Commiffioners  in  Ireland,  worth  what  he  will 
per  Annum,  and  one  of  the  King's  Judges,  and  a 

'  Sir  John  Clotworthy,  Treafurer  for  Ireland,  and, 
by  the  Army,  charged  with  defrauding  the  State  of 
4.0,000  /.  which  may  be  one  Reafon  the  King  could 
never  get  an  Account  of  the  Money  raifed  for  the 
Irijh,  though  he  much  defired  it. 

'  Thomas  Ceely,  much  indebted,  if  not  helped  out 
of  Prifon  by.  the  Parliament,  and  made  Recorder  of 

'  I  Gregory  Clements,  Merchant  in  both  Senfes  : 
When  he  had  been  a  Member  two  Months,  pro- 
tefted  he  had  fcarce  cleared  the  Purchafe  Monies, 
which  was  but  60  /.  but  faid.  Trading  he  doubted  not 
would  mend.  .  He  was  one  of  the  King's  Judges. 

'  Sir  Henry  Cholmley,  Colonel  of  Horie,  and  ©nee 
a  zealous  Commiffioner  ofYorkJhire.  Since,  he  hath 
given  fome  Teftimonies  of  Loyalty. 

*  Robert  Cecil,  Son  to  the  Earl  of  Sail/bury ,  Colo- 
nel of  Horfe,  procured  one  Co/lings  to  be  made  Au- 
ditor in  Chief  for  the  Revenues  of  the  King,  Queen, 
and  Prince,  worth  2000  /.  per  Annum  j  but  in  Truft 
for  the  Colonel. 

'  Sir  Anthony  Afnley  Cooper-^  a  Colonel  j  fince,  he 
hath  manifefled  his  Loyalty  to  his  Prince  very  emi- 

'  |  William  ConjlaUe,  Colonel,  and  one  of  the 
King's  Judges.  Sold  his  Lands  to  Sir  Marmaduke 
Langdale  for  2O,ooo/.  and  had  them  given  him: 
again  by  the  Parliament. 

<  %  Sir  John  Danvers,  Colonel.  After  the  Death 
of  his  Brother,  the  Earl  of  Denby,  he  proved  him  to 
be  a  Malignant,  and,  by  Parliamentary  Proceedings, 
endeavoured  to  overthrow  his  Will,  and  out  his 
Sifter  Gargravt,  and  Sir  Peter  OJborne  of  the  Efla.te 


184       2^  Parliamentary  HISTORY 
fnter-regmrai.  worth  30,000 /.  and  to  have  it  himfelf.    He  was  one 
of  the  King's  Judges. 

*  Edmund  Dunce,  Conftable  of  Wallingford-Caflle. 
«  Henry  Darly  and  Richard Darfy-  Given  to  their 

Father,  for  them,  5000  f.  A  Pair  of  Zealous  Rump- 
ers ;  the  former  was  extreme  a&ive  in  bringing  in 
the  Army  of  the  Brethren  of  Scotland  to  the  Ruin 
of  his  native  Country.  Both  bafe. 

4  William  Ellis,  Steward  of  Stepney,  worth  200^. 
per  Annum,  and  by  him  fold  to  one  of"  the  Temple. 
He  made  Hafte  to  be  rich,  and  was  a  mighty  thri- 
tring  Committee-Man  during  the  late  deftrudtive 
Wars  :  He  was  afterwards  Sollicitor-General  to  the 
two  Prote&ors;  was  very  zealous  for  the  making 
of  Oliver  King,  for  which  his  good  Lord  made  him 
Knight.  He  hath,  from  nothing,  in  a  few  Years, 
got  an  Eftate  fuppofed  to  be  worth  3000  /,  per  An- 

*  Sir  Walter  Erie,  Colonel  of  Horfe,  and  Lieu- 
tenant of  the  Ordnance  in  Sir  'John  Heydon's  Place, 
worth  iooo/.  per  Annicm  in  Time  of  Peace;  but, 
in  Time  of  War,  worth  50,000  /.  per  Annum. 

6  Thomas  Erie,  Son  to  Sir  Welttr,  Captain  of  a 
Troop  of  Horfe,  feldom  attended  the  Houfe,  but 
followed  his  Bufinefs  in  the  Country,  where  he  was 
a  great  Committee-Man,  helping  himfelf  and  his 

6  *  James  Fenwicl:,  Captain  of  a  Troop  of  Horfe. 

e  William  Fenwick,  had  but  500  /.  So  fmall  a 
Sum  deferves  not  a  Chriilian  Name. 

'  Nathaniel 'Fiennes,  once  Governor  afBriflol,  and, 
thereby  hangs  a  Tail ;  afterwards  one  of  the  Com- 
miflioners  of  the  Seal  under  Nol,  and  one  of  his  Pi  ivy 
Council ;  but  now  his  Lordmip  is  gone. 

'  J  George  Fleetwood,  Colonel,  a  conftant  Rump- 
er,  and  one  of  the  King's  Judges. 

4  *  Charles  Fleetwood,  Colonel,  and  Lord-Deputy 
of  Ireland.  This  pitiful  Anabaptift  was  Oliver's  Son- 
in-Law,  and,  upon  that  Score,  advanced  to  be  Lieu- 
tenant-General  of  the  Army ;  for  Merit  he  never 
had  any.  In  the  dividing  of  the  murdered  King's 
Inheritance,  H^od/lock.  and  other  rich  Poffeffions, 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        185 

fell  t6  his  Share.     About  a  Year  fmce  he,  with  Inter- ttgaom, 
fome  other  Officers,  ungratefully  dethroned  Protestor        l659- 
Richard^  reftored  the  Rump  for  a  while,  and  then  ^""VT^T 
unroofed  them  again  ;  after  which,  during  the  Space 
of  near  fix  Weeks,  he  aded  King  at  Wallingford- 
Houje*  (one  of  his  Palaces)  but  the  Rump  coming 
to  fit  again,  the  tender-hearted  Mock-Prince  melted 
into  Tears  ;  and,  his  hypocritical  Vizard  of  Religion 
being  pulled  off,  he  went  off  the  Stage  ridiculoufly. 

'  John  Goodwin^  the  other  Regifter  in  Chancery^ 
Worth  700  /.  -per  Annum. 

6  Sir  Gilbert  Gerrard^  Pay-Mafter  to  the  Army, 
had  3  d.  per  Pound  allowed,  worth  6o,ooo/.  and  was 
Chancellor  of  the  Duchy,  worth  I200/.  per  An- 

<  Gilbert  Gerrard,  his  fecond  Son,  Clerk  to  thfc 
Duchy,  for  whofe  Benefit  the  Clerkfhip  of  Affize  of 
Norfolk  is  granted  to  Mr.  Edward  Gerrard,  his 
Coufin,  by  the  Procurement  of  Sir  Gilbert,  and  was 
worth  500 /.  per  Annum. 

'  Gyle s  Green,  the  Receiver  of  Torkjhi're^  being 
put  out  of  his  Place,  got  it  for  his  Son-in-Law  ;  is 
Chairman  for  the  Navy;  and  as  for  Sir  Thomas 
Dawes's  Eftate,  and  what  it  was  worth  to  him,  Sir 
Thomas's  Creditors  will  tell  you,  for  they  got  nd* 

*  *  T/Jomas  Gell^  Lieutenant-Colonel  t6  Sir  John 
Gel/,  made  Recorder  of  Derby  in  Mr.  AlUftrny'* 

*  %  Thomas  Lord  Grey9  of  Gnby,  Colonel,  and 
halh  given  to  him  the  Queen's  Manor-Houfe,  Park, 
and  Lands  at  Holmby  ;   alfo  purchafed  a  large  Part 
of  the  Lord  Crdveh's  Eftate,  particularly  Coomb e- 
Abbey,  judged  worth  3000 1.  per  Annum,  for  an  in- 
confiderable  Sum,  and  one  of  the  King's  Judges. 

'  *  John  Glyn,  fome  Time  a  Counfellor  at  Law, 
and  Steward  of  the  Court  at  Weftminjter^  one  of  the 
Long  Parliament  that  helped  to  bait  the  worthy  Earl 
of  Straffbrd,  and  bring  him  to  the  Block  ;  was 
Clerk  of  the  Petty- Bag  in  Sir  Edward  Ward*'* 
Place,  worth  loco/,  per  Annum.  He  mnde  foi< 
Father-in-Law,  Mr.  Squib,  Clarwceaux  Herald  in 


j86       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  Sir  William  Neves's  Place,  worth  400  /.  per  Annum^ 
s6S9-        and  made  his  Creature  and  Kinfman  Falconbridge 
'^Tl^T^    Comptroller  of  the  Excife,  a  Place  worth  500 /. 
per  Annum,  as  alfo  a  Receiver-General  of  the  King's 
Queen's,  and  Princes  Revenues,  worth  2000  /.  per 
Annum*     Mr.  Glyn  conferred  on  his  Coufln  Law- 
rence Swetnam  the  Wine- Office,  worth   300  /.  per 
Annum,  and  made  him  Receiver  of  the  Firft- Fruits, 
worth  200  /.  per  Annum ;  but,  Mr.  Swetnam  dying, 
he  got  both  the  Places  for  his  Brother-in-Law  Bo- 
dardo,  that  they  might  not  go  out  of  the  Tribe.  He 
was  made  Recorder  of  London  ;  and  then,  being 
made  a  Serjeant  at  Law,  by  Agreement,  as  it  is  faid, 
refigned  to   Mr.  William  Steel,  and  was  made  a 
Judge  j  and  for  his  Zeal  in  Conie's  Cafe,  to  advance 
the  Protector's  Will  above  the  Law  of  the  Land, 
and  finding  him  fo  fit  for  his  Purpofe,   he  fent  him 
into  the  Weft,  (Chief- Juftice  Rolls  refufmg)  to  ar- 
raign that  valiant  Gentleman  Col.  Penruddock,  and 
the  reft  of  thofe  Gentlemen  taken  at  Soutbmoulton^ 
in  Devon,  by  Article-breaking  Crooks;  for  which 
good  Services,  and  his  complying  Principles  to  ad- 
vance the  Protector,    he  was  made  Lord  Chief  Ju- 
ftice of  England,    and  no  doubt  behaved  himfelf  in 
the  Place  as  his  Mafter  would  have  him,  by  whom 
he  was  alfo  made  a  Lord  of  his  Other  Houfe  ;   but 
that  and  he  fell  with  the  Idol  Dick.     He  was  one  of 
the  eleven  Members  impeached  by  the  Army  for 
Treafon,  and  by  that  Parliament  committed  to  the 

*  Thomas  Grantbam,  Colonel  of  Foot,  fmce  dead. 

*  *  Ellis  Grimes,  Captain. 

*  Arthur  Goodwin,  Colonel  of  Foot,  fmce  dead. 
c  Brampton  Gurdon,  Colonel. 

*  Sir  Arthur  Ha/ilrigge.     This  boiftcrous  Incen- 
diary having,  by  bafe  and  vile  Courfes,  pofleffed 
himfelf  of  feveral  Coal-pits  near  Newca/lle,   was 
fome  Years,    as  it  may  be  feared,    the  Occafion  of 
the  ftarving  many  poor  People  in  London  to  Death, 
thro'  Cold  ;  for  he,  (being  Governor)  without  any 
public  Authority,  laid  a  Tax  of  four  Shillings  per 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         187 

Chaldron,  upon   the  Coals   there,    amounting  to  Interregnum* 
50,000 /.  per  Annum.     He  got  three  great  Manors        1659- 
of  the  Biftiops,  Auckland,  Everwood,  and  another,  for    ^—•"V"^ 
an  inconfulerable  Matter :  He  hath  been  an  irnpla-       Mardl> 
cable  Enemy  to  one  Mr.  Collingwocd,  and  wronged 
him  of  a  great  Eftate :   He  hath  a  rich  Fleece,  re- 
ported to  the  Value  of  20,000  /.  per  Annum ;  but  it 
is  hoped  he  will,  e'er  long,  be  fheared. 

'  Sir  Edivard  Hunger  ford.  Colonel,  famous  for 
plundering  of  Warder-Cajlle ;  had  the  Lands  of  the 
Countcfs  Dowager  of  Rutland,  worth  1500 1.  per 
Annum,  and  fhe  was  allowed  but  500 /.  out  of  them. 

*  J  Cornelius  Holland.  His  Father  died  in  the 
Fleet  for  Debt,  and  left  him  a  poor  Boy  in  the  Court 
waiting  on  Sir  Henry  Vane,  then  Comptroller  of  the 
Prince's  Houfe.  He  was  ftill  Sir  Henry  Fane's  Za^- 
r,y,  but  now,  coming  in  with  his  Mafter  for"  the 
Revenue  of  the  King,  Queen,  and  Prince,  this  Pha- 
rifee  was  engaged  with  other  Monopolifts  and  Pa- 
tentees, while  they  flood,  his  Confcience  fcrupling 
not  the  Means  where  Profit  was  the  Prize.  He  was 
turned  out  of  the  Office  of  the  Green  Cloth  for 
Fraud  and  Breach  of  Truft  ;  but,  with  the  Help  of 
his  Mafter,  made  himfelf  a  Farmer  of  the  King's 
Feeding-Grounds  at  Crejloe,  in  Buckingbamjhire^ 
•worth  i8oo/.  or  2000 /.  per  Annum,  at  the  Rate  of 
20  /.  per  Annum,  which  he  difcounted.  He  poflef- 
fed  Somerfet- Houfe  a  long  Time,  where  he  and  his 
Family  nefted  themfelves.  He  was  Keeper  of  Rich' 
mond-Houfe  for  his  Country  Retreat,  and  Commif- 
fary  for  the  Garrifons  at  Whitehall  and  the  Mewes. 
He  had  an  Office  in  the  Mint,  and,  having  ten  Chil- 
dren, he  long  fince  gave  5000 /.  with  a  Daughter, 
after  which  Rate  we  muft  conceive  he  had  laid  afide 
50,000  /.  for  Portions.  He  was  one  of  the  King's 
Judges,  and  one  of  the  Committee  of  Safety. 

'  Sir  Robert  Harley,  Mafter  of  the  Mint  in  the 
Place  of  Sir  Ralph  Freeman,  and  Sir  Thomas  Aylef- 
bury.  Before  the  Parliament  he  was  much  in- 
debted, very  poor,  and  could  not  pay  j  now  he  is 
fich,  and  will  not  pay. 

1 88       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

4nter-«gnum.      6  Henry  Herbert  had  given  him  3000  /.  and  the 

1659.       Plunder  of  Ragland-Caftle. 

W"V-— iJ       <  John  Hampden,  Colonel  of  Foot,  killed  at  Cal- 
March*      grove  Field,  where  he  made  his  firft  Mufter.     His 
eldeft  Son  made  fince  a  Lord  by  Oliver  Cromwell. 

'  Col.  Hacker,  Governor  of  Lincoln,  a  Commif- 
fioner  to  bring  in  the  Scots,  and  one  of  the  three  to 
whom  the  bloody  Warrant,  for  his  late  Majefty's 
Execution,  was  directed. 

'  *  Sir  Henry  Hayman  had  given  him  5000  /. 

*  Denzil  Holies  had  5000 1.  ordered  him,  but  re- 
fufed  it,  and  defired  them  to  pay  their  Debts  before 
they  paid  their  Legacies.    He  was  one  of  the  eleven 
Members  impeached  by  the  Army,  was  very  hot  in 
the  Beginning  of  the  Troubles,  but  is  fince  of  a  bet- 
ter Temper,  and  hath  contributed  much  to  the  Re- 
ftoration  of  his  Prince,  and  his  Nation's  Peace. 

*  Roger  Hill,  a  Barrifter  of  the  Temple,  of  no 
confiderable  Eftate  till  he  had  granted  him,  from  the 
Houfe,the  Bifhop  offlfinL-be/ier's  Manor  ofTaunton- 
Dean,  being  the  beft  in  England,  worth  1 2,000 /. 
per  Annum,  when  the  Eftates  for  Lives  determine. 
He  was  one  of  the  Commiffioners  of  Haberdajbers- 

'  Ball. 

*  t  John  Heivfon,  at  firft  a  Cobler  of  London,  or 
at  belt  a  Shoe-maker,  went  out  a  Captain  upon  the 
Account  of  the  Caufe.     His  Zeal  brought  him  to  be 
a  Colonel,  and  was  afterwards  made  Governor  of 
Dublin  in  Ireland,  from  whence  he  was  fent  for  to  be 
one  of  Barebcne's  Parliament,   and  of  all  the  mock 
Parliaments  fince ;   was  made  a  Knight  of  the  new 
Stamp,   and  afterwards  was  thought  a  fit  Perfon  to 
be  a  Lord  of  the  Other  Houfe  ;  and,  for  his  Wifdom 
and  good  Service  in  all  his  other  Employments,  was 
thought  worthy  to  be  one  of  the  twenty-three  ho- 
nourable Perfons  of  the  Committee  of  Safety,  that 
were  to  manage  all  public  Affairs  of  the  Nation,  and 
to  conlider  upon  a  Frame  of  Government  to  be  efta- 
blifhed  ;  but,  in  the  Heat  of  that  great  Work,  he 
was  in  all  Hafte,  by  his  Brethren  of  that  Commit- 
tee, fent  in  a  Rage  into  London,  to  kill  and  ftill  the 
innocent  Boys  playing  at  Foot-ball  in  the  Streets, 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        189 

much  like  his  Brother  Pridey  who  cruelly  deftroyed  Inter-regnum. 
the  innocent  Bears.  Afterwards  the  Coroner's  Jury 
that  fat  upon  the  murdered  Perfons,  found  his  Lord- 
{hip  guilty.  He  had  been  tried  at  the  Seflions  Houfe 
in  the  Old  Bailyy  had  not  the  News  of  his  Majefty's 
happy  Arrival  prevented  the  fitting  of  that  Court  ; 
and  no  doubt,  before  this  Time,  received  the  Re- 
ward of  his  Works.  He  was  likewife  one  of  the 
murderous  Judges  fitting  upon  his  Prince. 

'  *  Oliver  St.  John,  the  Son  of  one  Mr.  5^ 
John,  of  Bedfordpnre^  who  was  fuppofed  to  be  a 
Eye-blow  of  one  of  the  Earls  of  Bedford.  This 
Oliver  was  a  Gentleman  of  flender  Fortune,  brought 
up  to  the  Profeffion  of  the  Law ;  who,  by  fpecial 
Grace  of  his  late  Majefty,  was  both  his  Sollicitor 
and  Attorney- General.  He  deferted  his  Mafter, 
and,  adhering  to  the  Parliament,  was  promoted  to 
Places  ef  very  great  Advantage  many  Years  toge- 
ther. He  and  Walter,  called  Lord  Strickland,  were 
fent  Ambafladors  to  the  United  Provinces.  He  had 
alfo,  many  Years  together,  the  pafling  of  all  Fines 
and  Compofitions,  faid  to  be  worth  5000 /.  per 
Annum.  He  was  alfo  Lord  Chief  Juftice  of  the 
Common  Pleas  many  Years,  a  Place  of  vaft  Pro- 
fit. He  was  made  Chancellor  of  the  Univerfity  of 
Cambridge,  in  the  Earl  of  Mancbejler's  room,  a 
Perfon  fignally  anti-monarchical,  till  the  Usurpation 
ef  Oliver  Cromwell. 

*  \  Henry  Ireton,  Commiflary-General  and  Co- 
lonel,  Lord-Deputy  of  Ireland^   one  of  the  King's 
Judges,  and  one  of  the  Appointers  of  the  Time  and 
Place  of  his  Execution. 

'  J  Richard  Ingoldfby^  Colonel,  and  Governor  of 
Oxford^  related  to  Crowwell^  one  of  the  King's 
Judges  ;  but  fmce  a  true  Penitent  for  it. 

*  Sir   Thomas   Jarvis  had  Mr.   Web's  Place  in 
Richmond  Little  Park,  and  had  9000 /.  given  him  out 
of  the  Marquis  of  Winchejltr'*  Eftate. 

'  *  Philip  JoneS)  Colonel,  a  Member  of  the  Long 
Parliament.  His  Original  is  from  Wales :  At  the 
firft  of  the  War  it  is  faid  he  had  not  above  20  /.  per 
'Annv.W)  but  hath  fmce  very  much  improved  his  In- 


190        ¥he  Parliamentary  HisT6RV 

Interregnum,  tereft  upbn  Account  of  the  Caufe;  became  Cover* 

l659«       nor  of  a  Garrifon,  and  Steward  offome  of  the  Pro- 

,7l T"^  lector's  Lands  in  Wales ;  was  a  great  Stickler  to 

advance  his  Mafter  to  be  Protestor,  for  which  good 

Service  he  was  advanced  to  be  one  of  his  Council, 

worth  iooo/.  per  Annum  ;  afterwards  Comptroller 

of  his  Houfliold,  or  Court.     He  made  Hay  while 

the  Sun  fhined,  and  hath  improved  his  Revenue,  as 

it  is  believed,  to  4000 /.  per  Annumy  if  not  more* 

He  was  alfo  one  of  the  Rump. 

«  \  John  "Jones,  at  firft  a  Serving- man,  then  a 
Colonel  of  the  Long  Parliament ;  was  fent  a  Com- 
miflloner  into  Ire/and  for  the  governing  that  Nation. 
He  likewife  helped  to  change  the  Government,  was 
Governor  of  the  Ifie  of  Anglesey,  married  the  Pro- 
tector's Sifter,  and  thorough- paced  for  his  Court 
Proceedings  j  who  was  thought  fit,  with  his  Name- 
fake  and  Countryman  Philip,  to  be  called  Lords* 
and  to  be  taken  out  of  the  Rump  into  the  Other 
Houfe,  to  have  a  Negative  Voice  againft  the  People. 
He  was  alfo  one  of  his  Prince's  Judges. 

6  William  Lenthall,  ok  Lincoln  s- Inn,  a  Counfellor 
at  Law,  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  worth 
aooo/.  per  Annum,  befides  Rewards  for  Courteftesj 
Mafter  of  the  Rolls,  worth  3000 /.  per  Annum ;  be- 
fides the  Sale  of  Offices  j  Chamberlain  of  Che/far  in 
the  Earl  of  Derby's  Place,  and,  untill  lately,  Chancel- 
lor of  the  Duchy  of  Lancafter,  worth  iooo/.  per 
Annum.  He  was  a  Commiffioner  of  the  Seal,  worth 
1 500  /.  per  Annum,  and  had  6000  /.  one  Time  gi vert 
him  by  the  Houfe,  and  the  Redory  and  Dememe  of 
Eurford,  with  a  ftately  Houfe  belonging  to  the  Lord 
Falkland,  worth  500  A  per  Annum.  Oliver  once 
made  a  Spunge  of  him,  and  fqueezed  him  out  of 
1 5.000 /.  who  turning  him  and  his  Tribe  out  of 
Doors,  he  veer'd  about  to  fave  himfelf  and  his  great 
Offices;  and  he  that  had  been  fo  long  Bell-weather 
in  the  Commons  Houfe,  was  thought,  for  his  Com- 
pliance and  his  Money,  to  deferve  to  be  one  of  the 
Herd  of  Lords  in  the  Other  Houfe. 

*  %  John  Lijle,  Barrifter  of  the  Temple,  Mafter 
of  S.  GrrJJefi  in  Dr.  Lewis's  Place,  being  a  Place  for 

Of   ENGLAND.         191 

a  Divine,  worth  800 /.  per  Annum ;  one  of  the  Lords  Inter-regnom, 
Commiffioners  of  the  Great  Seal,  worth  1500 /.       l659- 
per  Annum  ;  one  of  the  King's  Judges,  afterwards   <~7Jv"r"""' 
became  a  Cromwellian,  and  fwore  Oliver,  at  his  firft 
inftalling,  Chief  Magiftrate.     He  was  Prefident  of 
the  High  Court  of  Juftice,  (fo  called)  which  tried 
Sir  Henry  Slingfby,  Dr.  Htw'tt,  &c.  for  Treafon 
againft  the  Protector,  and  pafled  Sentence  of  Death 
againft  them. 

'  %  Nicholas  Lovey  the  Son  of  Dr.  Love,  of  Win- 
cbejler,  Mr.  Speaker's  Chamber-Fellow  in  Lincolns- 
Inn,  was  made  one  of  the  fix  Clerks  in  Chancery, 
in  Mr.  Penruddock's  Place,  worth  iooo/.  per  An- 
num ;  one  of  the  Council  of  State  in  1651 ;  a  con- 
ilant  Rumper,  one  of  his  Sovereign's  cruel  Judges, 
and  one  of  the  Abjurators  againft  Kingly  Power. 

«  *  John  Lenthall,  Son  to  the  Speaker,  made  one 
of  the  fix  Clerks,  worth  15007.  per  Annum,  knighted 
by  Oliver  Cromwell ;  was  a  Colonel  of  Foot,  and 
Governor  of  Windfor-Cajlle. 

'  Sir  Oliver  Luke,  Colonel  of  Horfe, 

*  Sir  Samuel  Luke,  his  Son,  Colonel  and  Scbut- 
Mafter  for  the  Counties  of  Bedford,  &c. 

6  %  Sir  Michael  Livefey,  of  the  Ifle  of  Sbeppey,  in 
Kent,  heretofore  a  Colonel  under  Sir  William  Wal- 
ler, but  a  moil  notorious  Coward ;  a  penurious 
fneaking  Perfon,  and  one  that  could  a<ft  an  Hypo- 
crite to  the  Life,  in  Voice  and  humble  Gefture. 
He  was  one  of  his  Sacred  Majefty's  cruel  Judges, 
Committee- Man  General  of  Kent^  and  an  eminent 

4  Walter  Long,  Colonel,  had  5000 /.  and  the  Of- 
fice of  Regifter  in  Chancery  for  four  Years. 

*  Henry  Lawrence,  a  Member  of  the  Long  Parlia- 
ment, fell  off  at  the  Murder  of  his  Majefty,  for 
which  the  Protector,  with  great  Zeal,  declared, 
That  a  neutral  Spirit  was  more  to  be  abhorred  than 

.  a  Cavalier  Spirit,  and  that  fuch  Men  as  he  were  not 
fit  to  be  ufed  in  fuch  a  Day  as  that,  when  God  was 

•cutting  down  Kingfliip  Root  and  Branch.  Yet  he 
carae  into  Play  again,  and  contributed  much  to  the 
fetting  up  of  the  Protedor.  and  a. Single  Perfon r  af- 

Parliamentary  His  TOR  v 

Inter-regnum.  firming  that  no  other  Foundation  could  ftand  ;  fof 
which  worthy  Service  he  was  made  and  continued 
Preftdent  of  the  Protector's  Council,  where  he  figned. 
many  arbitrary  and  illegal  Warrants  for  the  carry- 
ing faithful  honeft  Men  to  Prifon,  for  their  not  apo- 
ftatizing  with  them.  He  was  thorough  paced,  and 
one,  no  doubt,  who  hath  well  feathered  his  Neft, 
being  alfo  one  of  the  Lords  of  the  Other  Houfe ; 
and  when  that  Honour  vanifhed,  he  became  one  of 
the  Honourable  Committee  of  Safety.  What  he  will 
be  next  is  worth  the  Enquiry. 

«  Lord  Vifcount  Lif.e,  eldeft  Son  of  the  Eari  of 
Leicejler.  He  was  of  the  Long  Parliament  to  the 
laft,  and  at  the  Change  of  Government,  and  ma- 
king Laws  againfthis  Sovereign  ;  and,  no  Queftion, 
concurred  with  the  reft  in  theie  fad  Effects.  He 
was  alfo  of  the  Little  Parliament,  commonly  ftiled 
Barebones  Parliament ;  was  all  along  of  the  Pro- 
tector's Council,  and  was  never  to  feek  j  who 
having  learned  fo  much  by  changing  with  every 
Change,  and  keeping  ftill  (like  his  Father-in-Law 
the  Earl  of  Saliflury  and  Peter  Sterry)  on  that  Side 
which  hath  proved  Trump ;  nothing  need  further 
be  faid  of  his  Fitnefs,  being  fuch  a  Man  of  Principles, 
to  be  taken  out  of  the  Rump  Parliament,  to  have 
fettled  a  Negative  Voice  in  that  Other  Houfe,  over 
all  the  good  People  of  thefe  Lands. 

'  *  Thomas  Lifter^  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  De- 
puty-Governor of  Lincoln. 

'  %  Edmund  Ludlow,  Colonel,  Governor  of  War- 
dour-Ca/ile^  Lieutenant- General  of  the  Horfe,  one 
of  the  King's  Judges,  a  great  Fanatic,  and  Favourer 
of  fuch.  He  hath  much  improved  his  Fortune  in 
Ireland ;  but  now  is  gone  to  feek  his  Fortune  elfe- 

*  *  Thomas  Moore>  Officer  in  the  Cuftom-houfe, 
and  his  Brother  was  Governor  of  Ludlew-Cafth. 

'  J  Henry  Martin,  Colonel  of  a  Regiment  of 
Horfe,  and  a  Regiment  of  Whores.  He  had  given 
him  3000  /.  at  one  Time,  to  put  him  upon  the  holy 
Sifters,  and  take  off  from  the  Levellers.  He  had 
the  Reputation  of  a  precious  Saint  from  his  Youth, 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        193 

iii  reference  to  all  Kinds  of  Debauchery,  Unclean-  Inter-regmun. 
nefs,  and  Fraud,  having  fold  his  Eftate  three  Times         l659- 
over.     He  Jay  many  Years  Prifoner  in  the  King's  ^•"""""V""  "•' 
Bench  for  Debt,  and  difgraced  the  Place  by  renew- 
ing the  old  Stews  upon  the  Bank  Side.     He  had  fe- 
veral  other  large  Sums  given,  and  was  one  of  the 
King's  Judges. 

'  Sir  Thomas  Middleton,  Major-General  for  Den- 
bigh, and  five  other  Counties,  who  hath  manifefted 
his  Loyalty  to  his  Prince,  and  is  a  true  Patriot  of  his 

*  J  Thomas  Hammond,  of  Surry,  was  Lieurenant- 
General  of  the  Artillery  under  the  Lord  Fairfax, 
and  became  a  great  Creature  of  that  ambitious  Ty- 
rant Cromwell,  and  a  Promoter  of  his  Interefts ;  by 
whom  he  was  drawn  in  to  be  one  of  thofe  moft 
cruel  Judges  of  his  Prince,  to  the  very  great  Grief, 
and  contrary  to  the  Admonitions,  of  his  Reverend 
Brother  Dr.  Hammond. 

6  J  John  Moore,  Colonel  of  the  Guards.  For 
fome  Time  he  had  the  Benefit  of  Pafles  out  of  Lon- 
don, and  was  one  of  the  King's  Judges. 

'  Sir  John  Merrick,  Major-General. 

*  J  Gilbert  Milllngton,  a  Lawyer,  had  given  him 
iooo/.  was  Chairman  to  the  Committee  of  plun- 
dered Minifters,  where  Phelps  the  Clerk  and   he 
were  believed  to  fhare  their  Fees,  worth  God  knows 
what.  He  was  one  of  the  King's  Ju.dges. 

'  *  Richard  Norton,  Colonel,  and  Governor  of 

'  Anthony  Nichols,  Mr.  Pymme's  Nephew,  by  him 
was  made  Pay-Mafter  to  the  MefTengers  of  Intelli- 
gence, by  which,  in  a  ftiort  Time,  he  put  himfelf 
in  a  Parliamentary  Equipage  of  Coaches,  Horfes, 
and  Attendants,  got  Money  and  paid  his  Father's 
Debts ;  but  was  afterwards  fufpended  the  Ho u I e,  and 
now  would  not  pay  his  own  Debts  by  his  Goodwill. 

c Nicholas,  one  of  the  Judges  of  the  Upper 

Bench,  and  afterwards  one  of  the  Barons  of  the  Ex- 

4  Michael  Oldfworth,  no  Colonel,  but  Governor 
of  Old  Pembroke  and  Montgomery,  and  had  a  Share 

VOL.  XXII.  N   '  with 

194      ^e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

with  his  Lordfhip  out  of  Sir  Henry  Campion?.  Office, 
worth  3000 /.  per  Ann.  was  Keeper  oftfrindfor-  Park, 
one  of  the  two  Mafters  of  the  Prerogative  Office, 
and  made  the  Bailiff  of  Wejlminfter  give  him  50  /. 
per  Ann.  to  continue  him  there. 

'  *  Arthur  Owen,  Colonel. 

'  J  Sir  John  $ourchiert  of  Yorkjhlre,  a  Perfon  of 
no  great  Note,  nor  Eftate,  till  by  his  A&ivenefs  in 
our  late  Diftempers,  and  Fifhing  in  troubled  Watery, 
he  angled  fair,  and  catched  a  great  Eftate,  which 
was  that  he  fought  for :  He  was  a  Man  as  conftant 
at  Committees  as  at  his  Dinners  in  Hell  ;  where  he 
may,  in  Time,  fup  with  his  Father  Satan,  having 
been  a  conftant  Rumper,  and  one  of  the  King's 
cruel  Judges. 

4  J  Thomas  Challoner,  alfo  a  Yorkjhireman,  emi- 
nent for  his  Speech  in  the  Houfe,  for  the  delivering 
of  his  late  Majefty  out  of  the  Scots  Clutches,  into 
whofe  Protection  he  had  put  himfelf ;  a  Man  moft 
virulently  invective  againft  Monarchy,  having  been 
one  of  his  Majefty's  cruel  Judges  ;  alfo  now,  at  the 
ibbereft,  an  infeparable  Rumper,  and  to  the  laft  an 
eminent  Stickler  for  a  Commonwealth. 

'  J  Richard  Dean,  Boy  to  Goodman  Button,  an 
Hoyman  of  Ipf-wich,  after  a  Matrofs  in  the  Army, 
then  Colonel  and  Commander  in  Chief  in  Scotland* 
till  made  one  of  the  Generals  at  Sea  ;  he  was  there 
killed,  having  left  a  great  Eftate  behind  him,  viz. 
Havering  Manor  in  Ejjex,  whofe  Park  he  unmerci- 
fully demolifh'd  :  He  was  not  only  one  of  the  King's 
implacable  Judges,  but  one  of  thofe  that  figned  the 
Warrant  for  his  Death,  and  appointed  the  Time 
and  Place  for  his  Execution. 

'  John  Tburloe,  a  Servant  and  Secretary  to  Oliver 
St.  John,  was  after  that  made  Principal  Secretary 
of  State  to  Oliver  Cromwell  and  Richard,  and  chofe 
Poft-Mafter  of  England,  a  Place  of  a  vaft  Income  ; 
he  may  be  juftly  faid  to  be  alfo  a  principal  Inftru- 
ment,  and  to  have  a  great  Hand  in  bringing  in  all 
thofe  abominable  and  wicked  Practices  and  Oppref- 
fions  that  have  been  for  thefe  many  Years  laft  paft ; 
ky  which,  and  his  under-hand  Dealings,  he  did  noa 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        195 

only  attain  to  much  Greatnefs  and  Honour,  but  to  Inter-regm 

a  vaft  Eftate.     He  was  brought  into  all  the  Mock 

Parliaments  to  give  Aim  to  his  Mafters  ;  and  it  is 

believed  that  he  had  a  great  Hand  with  his  Brother 

Noel  in  felling  fome  Scores  of  thofe  Gentlemen  as 

Slaves,  to  the  Barbadoes  and  other  Plantations,  that 

were  accufed  for  being  in  the  Bufmefs  at  Salijbury 

with  Mr.  Penruddock  and  others ;  and  was  affifting 

in  that  Committee  of  Safety,  whereof  Fleetwood  fat 

as  Prince  ;  but  now  where  he  is,  and  what  will  be- 

f^ll  him  next,  is  well  worth  the  Knowledge. 

'  %  Henry  Mildmay^  that  Prodigy  of  Ingrati- 
tude, was  Servant  to  the  late  King,  and  not  only 
knighted  by  him,  but  his  Majefty  was  pleafed  alfo 
in  his  own  Perfon  to  become  an  Advocate  for  the 
obtaining  Alderman  Holiday's  Widow  for  him ;  who, 
being  alfo  made  Mailer  of  the  King's  Jewels,  moft 
impudently  had  the  Face  to  appear  and  fit  as  one  of 
his  gracious  Sovereign's  Judges.  He  is  a  (hallow 
Fellow,  by  fome  furnamed  Sir  Wbimfey  Mildmay  > 
a  peftilent  Republican,  and  a  Rumper. 

'  %  Augujlin  Garland^  an  old  Slander  in  the  Long 
Parliament,  an  indefatigable  Stickler  in  moft  Com- 
mittees ;  a  notable  Commonwealth's- Man,  and  a 
refolute  Oppoier  of  the  Government  in  a  Single  Per- 
fon ;  therefore  out  of  Date  upon  the  Intrufion  of 
Oliver  Cromwell ;  but  in  again  upon  the  Reftoratioa 
of  the  Rump,  of  which  Fraternity  he  was  free.  He 
was  alfo  one  of  his  late  Majefty 's  moft  cruel  Judges. 

'  £  John  Bark/lead^  the  Son  of  Michael  Bark- 
Jlead,  Goidfmith,  who  alfo  was  himfelf  in  his  Mi- 
nority a  petty  Goldfmith  in  the  Strand^  a  very  emp- 
ty fhallow-pated  Perfon  ;  therefore  the  moft  fit  to 
be  cajoled  and  wrought  on,  being  of  the  mallable 
Temper  :  He  forfook  his  Shop,  fhuffled  himfelf  into 
the  Camp,  where,  more  by  Fortune  than  Valour,  he 
climb'd  up  to  be  a  Colonel,  and  after  Lieutenant  of 
the  Tower ;  adopted  to  be  an  Alderman,  Major- 
General  of  Middlefex,  a  fevere  Perfecutor  of  the 
King's  Party  ;  who  alfo  was  one  of  his  Judges  •  A, 
thorough- paced  Agent  for  all  Governments,  arid  a 
moft  active  Imp  of  Oliver  the  Ufurper. 

N  2  «  1  Edmund 

196        The  Parliamentary  HISTORV 

Jnter-regnum.       '  %  Edmund  Harvey  >  late  a  poor  Silk-Man,  after- 

r6S9-        wards  made  a  Colonel.     He  got  into  the  Bifliop  of 

^—  •v— -^    London' sHouk ;  and  by  his  juggling  Infinuation  crept 

March.       jnto  ^  (Juftorn-Houie,  and  was  one  of  the  Farmers 

thereof;  but,  being  accufed  of  fraudulent  Dealings 

there,  was  difcarded  by  Crc?nwell^  though  he  had 

feafted  him  before  moft  magnificently  at  Fulham.  I 

never  heard  any  that  could  fpeak  of  his  Honefty  or 

Courage,  being,  as  to  the  laft,  a  little  inconfiderable 

Rat  ;  and,  as  to  the  ether,  a  factious  Rumper,  and 

one  of  his  Majefty's  cruel  Judges. 

*  %  Thomas  Harrifon,  a  Man  of  very  mean  Birth, 
being  the  Son  of  a  Butcher  in  or  near  Newcalfte- 
•under-Line  :  He  was  Servant  to  Mr.  Hulk  an  At- 
torney at  Law ;  but,  preferring  War  before  Peace, 
got  into  the  Army,  and,  having  the  Knack  of  Cant- 
ing, was  believed  to  be  a  Perfon  of  furpafling  Piety ; 
and  fo  infmuated  himfelf  from  one  Command  to 
another,  till  he  became  Major- General  of  Wales^ 
being  dangeroufly  anabaptiftical  in  his  Tenets,  and 
a  perfect  Hater  of  orthodox  Divines  and  a  Devourer 
of  their  Maintenance ;  he  was  very  lately  a  Preacher, 
and  indeed  Head  of  a  re-baptized  Congregation  in 
London ;  he  was  clearly  againft  Monarchy,  not 
only  fitting  a  malicious  Judge  againft  his  Majefty, 
but  was  one  of  thofe  five  who  appointed  the  Time 
and  Place  for  the  King's  Execution. 

*  J  William  Heveningham,  of  Norfolk,  a  Gentle- 
man of  a  moft  antient  Extraction,  and  a  very  fair 
Eftate,  who  was  conceived  to  be  drawn  away  more 
out  of  fome  Animofity  than  Intereft :  He  was, 
amongft  the  reft,  feduced  to  be  one  of  the  King's 
Judges,  and  was  alfo  one  of  the  Rumpers. 

'  J  John  Okey,  his  Parentage  was  as  mean  asr  his 
Calling,  fome  deeming  him  a  Drayman,  others  a 
Yeaftman ;  but  he  was  a  Stoaker  in  a  Brewhoufe 
at  IJlington^  and  next  a  moft  poor  Chandler  near 
Lion-Kfy  in  Thames-Street^  where  living  very  poor 
and  indigent,  he  converted  his  blue  Apron  into  a  Buff- 
Coat,  and  became  a  Colonel  of  Dragoons ;  a  Fellow 
©f  greater  Bulk  than  Brains,  and  Strength  than  Wit 

Of   ENGLAND       197 

•r  Confcience,  othervvife  he  would  have  had  more  inter-regmim. 
Grace  than  to  have  fat  one  of  the  King's  Judges,        1659. 
and  be  one  of  that  moft  impudent  Committee  that    *-— ' -v*—1 J 
iigned  the  Warrant  for  his  Death,  and  appointed 
the  Time  and  Place  for  his  Execution. 

'  :£  John  Down*)  Colonel,  a  Perfon  who  did  ftrike 
whilft  the  Iron  was  hot,  and  fo  with  his  Sword 
opened  the  Trap  Door  to  his  Fortune  j  one  that 
hath  thriven  well  by  the  Times,  having  raifed  him- 
felf  to  a  confiderable  Eftate  j  an  Enemy  to  Mo- 
narchy, and  a  main  Man  for  a  Commonwealth,  be- 
ing one  of  the  King's  Judges,  and  a  Hater  of  any 
Government  in  one  Single  Perfon ;  one  of  the  Coun- 
cil of  State  in  Fifty-one,  and  an  infeparable  Rumper 
to  the  laft  Gafp. 

'  t  Jomes  Temple^  of  SuJ/ex,  one  of  the  Long 
Parliament,  a  Colonel,  and  Governor  of  Banbury- 
Caftle  in  Suffix  9  got  the  Eftate  of  Sir  Charles  Shelly  \ 
violently,  by  Order  from  the  Rump  Parliament, 
under  the  Notion  of  his  being  Grand-child  of  a  Pa- 
pift,  and  poflefled  it  without  giving  any  due  Ac- 
count for  it,  pretending  his  good  Service ;  and,  upon 
the  Interruption  of  the  Rump,  he  took  to  the  King's 
Bench,  and  afterwards  came  out  by  the  Five  Pound 
A6L  The  chief  Service  he  did  was  to  be  one  of 
his  Prince's  cruel  Judges,  and  a  conftant  Rumper 
to  the  laft. 

'  J  Simon  Mayne,  of  Buckinghamjhtre ;  one  of  , 
the  Long  Parliament,    a  great   Committee -Man, 
wherein  he  licked  his  Fingers.     He  was  one  of  his 
Prince's  cruel  Judges,  and  a  conftant  Rumper  to 
the  laft. 

'  Matthew  Tomlinfon,  before  thefe  Times,  was 
a  Gentleman  Ufher  to  a  Lady,  and  afterwards  be- 
came a  Major  in  the  Army,  and  then  a  Colonel  j 
was  fent  a  Commiflioner  into  Ireland  by  Oliver 
Cromwell,  and  was  knighted  there  by  Henry  Crom- 
•vuelli  the  fecond  Son  of  that  Tyrant.  He  was  one 
that  condu6ted  the  King  to  the  Scaffold,  and  hath 
got  a  great  Eftate. 

'  J  John  Dixwell,  Burgefs  for  Dover  in  the  Long 

Parliament ,  was  a  Colojnel  of  Foot,  a  great  Com- 

N  3  mittee 

198      *rhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY* 

Inter-regnum.  mittee-Man  in  Ktnt%  one  of  the  Council  of  State, 
^*59'  one  of  his  Prince's  cruel  Judges,  and  a  conftant 
March,  Rumper  to  the  laft. 

'  J  Ifaac  Euer.  He  was  but  a  Serving- man  at 
firft,  as  it  is  reported ;  his  Zeal  led  him  into  the 
Wars,  and  fo  he  became  a  Colonel.  He  had  much 
Land  given  him  in  Ireland  for  his  good  Service,  and 
for  being  one  of  the  cruel  Judges  of  his  Prince. 

*  J  Sir  Gregory  Norton,  of  Suffex*  a  Man  but  of 
a  mean  Fortune  before  thefe  Times,  as  it  is  faid  ; 
had  Richmond- Houfe  and  much  of  the  King's  Goods 
for  an  inconfiderable  Value,  only  they  were  the 
Price  of  Royal  Blood,  he  being  one  of  his  Prince's 
Judges,  and  a  conftant  Rumper  to  the  laft. 

'  Edmund  Prideaux,  formerly  Commiflioner  to 
the  Great  Seal,  worth  1500 /.  per  Annum  ;  did,  by 
Ordinance,  praclife  within  the  Bar,  as  one  of  the 
King's  Counfel,  worth  5000  /.  per  Annum  ;  and,  af- 
ter that,  was  Attorney-General,  worth  what  he 
pleafed  to  make  it ;  Poftmafter  for  all  the  Inland 
Letters,  at  Six-pence  the  Letter,  worth  1 5,000 /. 
per  Annum ;  and  he  got  it  thus,  the  Lord  Stanhope; 
thePoftmafters,  and  Carriers  of  England,  complained 
in  Parliament  againft  Mr.  Withering!  and  others, 
touching  the  carrying  of  Letters,  whereupon  the 
Benefit  of  foreign  Letters  was  given  to  the  Earl  of 
Warwick,  worth  more  than  7000  /.  per  Annum,  and 
Inland  Letters  to  Mr.  Prideaux.  Was  not  this 
good  Juftice  ? 

'  *  Thomas  Pury,  fen.  firft  a  Weaver  in  Gloucejter* 
then  an  ignorant  Country  Sollicitor,  had  3000 /.  gi- 
ven him ;  and,  Mr.  Gerrara"s  Place  in  the  Petty- 
Bagg,  worth  400  /.  per  Annum. 

*  Thomas  Pury,  jun.  Son  to  the  Elder,  in  the  firft 
Year  of  the  Parliament,  Servant  to  Mr.  Townjhend* 
an  Attorney  of  Staples- Inn,  Receiver  of  the  King's 
Rents  in  Gloucejierjhire  and  Wilts*    Clerk  of  the 
Peace  of  Gloucester /hire,  worth  200  /.  per  Annum* 
and  Captain  of  Foot  and  Horfe. 

*  Francis  Pierepointhzth  the  Archbiftiop  of  York's 
Lands,  lying  in  Nottinghamjhire. 

«  William 


'  William  Pierepoint  hath  7000 /.  given  him,  ami   inter-regnum. 
ail  the  Earl  of  Kingjion's  Eftate,  (being  fequeftered)  ^      ^659- 
worth  10,000 /. 

<  *  "John  Palmer,  Do£r.or  of  Phyfic,  Mafter  of 
All- Souls,  in  Oxford^  in  Dr.  Shelden's  Room  ;  a 
Place  which  was  proper  only  for  a  Divine. 

*  *  Sir  John  Palgrave,  Colonel  at  the  Siege  of 

*  Charles  Pynime,  Captain  of  a  Troop  of  Horfe, 
Son  to  the  great  Incendiary. 

'  +  William  Purefoyy  Colond  and  Governor  of 
Coventry^  fought  refolutely  againft  the  Crofs  in  the 
Market-place  at  Warwick ;  and  againft  the  antient 
Monuments  at  the  Earl's  Chapel,  in  St.  Afary's 
Church  there,  who  took  the  Mourners  in  Brafs  to 
be  Monks  and  Friers,  for  which  Ije  had  15007. 
given  him  ;  but,  when  he  (hould  have  fought  with 
the  Enemy,  hid  himfelf  in  a  Barley  Field,  (for  which 
a  Waterman,  who  had  been  his  Soldier,  afterwards 
refufed  to  carry  him)  and  was  one  of  the  King's 

'  +  Ifaac  Pennington^  once  Lieutenant  of  the 
Tower,  a  Year  and  a  half  Lord  Mayor  of  London 
before  his  Time,  had  7000 /.  given  him,  and  hath 
Store  of  Bifhops  Lands  ;  yet  this  will  not  yield  ten 
Shillings  in  the  Pound  to  his  Creditors.  He  was  one 
of  the  King's  Judges. 

'  Henry  Pelham,  Recorder  in  Lincoln^  in  the  Place 
of  Sir  Charles  Dalifon. 

'  Alexander  Popham,  Colonel. 

*  *  Edward  Pophamt    Colonel,    afterwards  one 
of  the  Generals  at  Sea. 

1  Francis  Roits^  Piovoft  of  Eaton  in  Dr.  Steward's 
Place,  worth  1000  /.  per  Annum.  He  was  Speaker  of 
the  pretended  Parliament,  which  furrendered  their 
Authority  to  the  Protector  Oliver^  and  was  after- 
wards one  of  his  Council,  and  a  Lord  of  his  Other 

'  Sir  Benjamin  Rudyard  had  5000  /.  given  him. 

'  Robert  Reynolds  had  20OO  /.  given  him,  befides 
Abingdon-Hall^  and  the  Lands  worth  400  /.  per 
Annum  j  hath  bought  a  good  Pennyworth  of  the  Bi- 


2OQ       The  Parliamentary  HISTOYR 

Inter-regmim.  &ops  Land,  and,  as  it  is  reported,  had  20,000 /.  be- 
1659.  yond  Seas,  as  he  made  appear  upon  his  Marriage, 
befides  the  Sollicitor-General's  Place. 

'  Edward  RoJJiter,  Colonel  and  General  of  all  the 
Lincolnshire  Forces,  and  Governor  of  Belvoir-Caftle, 
but  fmce  a  Promoter  of  the  Nation's  Happinefs. 

'  *  Sir  Francis  RuJJell,  Colonel,  Brother-in-Law 
to  Oliver  Cromwell,  and  one  of  his  Lords. 

'  *  Thomas  RainSborough,  Governor  of  Woodftock^ 
Taunton,  and  once  Admiral  of  England. 

*  Alexander  Rigby,  Colonel  and  Governor  of  Bo~ 
Jlon,  and  one  of  the  Barons  of  the  Exchequer. 

*  Richard  Rofe,  hath  the  Houfe  and  Furniture  of 
one  Bailev,  the  King's  Glazier,  which  he  got  thus  : 
He  and  Mr.  J.  Trenchard  went  to  feveral  Houfes 
about  the  Strand  to  hire  Lodgings  for  Malignants, 
gave  good  Rates,    but  would  have  the  beft  Furni- 
ture; and  they,  being  Members  of  the  Houfe,  would 
fecure  them  ;  Mr.  Bailey  was  one  Mr.  Rofe  caufed 
to  be  fequeftered,  and  got  it  to  himfelf,  for  which 
he  and  Mr.  Trenchard  fell  out ;  but  Bailey,  though 
an  honeft  Man,    got  not  his  Goods  again,  which 
crofies  the  Proverb. 

*  John  Roll,  Merchant,  had  15007.  given  him, 
out  of  Sir  John  Worfmbant*  Eftate. 

*  Humphrey  Sal-way,  the  King's  Remembrancer 
in  Mr.  Fan/haw's  Place,  worth  400  /.  per  Annum. 

*  Sir  Walter   Strickland,  Agent  in  Holland  for 
the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament,    worth  5000  /.  per 
Annum,  or  what  more  he  was  pleafed  to  make  it ; 
was  of  all  the  Mock  Parliaments,  and  of  the  Pro- 
tector's Council,  and  Captain  of  his  Foot- Guard  in 
Whitehall.     He  was  lately  one  of  the  Common- 
wealth-Makers of  the  Committee  of  Safety,    fo 

4  John  Sehlen  had  50007.  offered  him,  which  he 
refufed  to  accept,  and  kept  his  Confcience. 

'  *  John  Stephens  had  iooo/.  given  him  out  of 
the  Lord  Aft/ey's  Compofition. 

6  *J  Henry  Smith  made  one  of  the  Six  Clerks, 
worth  iooo/.  per  Ann.  one  of  the  King's  Judges, 
and  a  conftant  Rumper. 

6  *  Richard 

Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       201 

«  *  Richard  Salway,  once  a  Grocer's  'Prentice,  Inter-regnum, 
and  their  Spokefman   in  one  of  their  tumultuous        1659. 
Hurries  to  the  Long  Parliament,  and  ever  fince  was    *— -~ v— • •* 
taken  Notice  of  for  a  great  Talker.   He  was  a  main      Marck« 
Man  in  the  Committee  of  Safety ;  for  which  the 
Rump,  when  they  fat  again,  rebuked  him  gently, 
as  one  that  had  gone  aftray  from  the  Good  Old 
Caufe ;  a  Major  in  the  Army,  and  a  great  Pur- 

'  Algernon  Sydney,  Governor  of  Dover-Caftle. 

4  *  Philip  Skippon,  Serjeant-Major-General  of 
the  Army,  Major-General  of  London,  and  Governor 
of  Brijtoly  a  Member  of  all  the  Parliaments,  one  of 
Noll's  Council,  and  a  Lord  of  his  Other  Houfe  ;  a 
forward  Man  in  the  decimating  Oppreffion.  He 
hath  gotten  a  vaft  Eftate,  hath  been  of  all  Parties, 
firft  a  Prefbyterian,  till  Philip  Nye  opened  his  Eyes, 
and  {hewed  him  the  Way  to  worldly  Greatnefs. 

'  %  Anthony  Stapley,  Colonel,  and  Governor  of 
Chlchefter^  and  one  of  his  Prince's  Murderers. 

*  ''John  Sydenbam,  Colonel  of  Horfe  and  Foot, 
Governor   of   Weymoutb  and   Melcomb- Regis,  and 
Commander  in  Chief  in  Dorfetjhire,  had    looo/. 
given  him ;  one  of  Cromwell's  Council,  a  Lord  of 
his  Other  Houfe,  had  a  great  Command  in  the  Ifle 
of  Wight,  and  was  one  of  the  Lords  Commiffioners 
of  the  Treafury.     He  was  lately  one  of  the  Com- 
mittee of  Safety,  and  a  great  Rumper. 

*  Richard  Shuttleworth,  Colonel,  and  had  very 
many  of  the  Recufants  Lands  in  Lancajhire  in  Se- 
queftration,  himfelf  being  Chief  for  Sequeftrations 

'  *  Auguftin  Skinner,  by  his  Induftry  in  the  Ser- 
vice, hath  purchafed  the  Bifhop  of  Roche  ft er's  Ma- 
nor of  Brumley,  in  Kent,  at  a  very  low  Rate. 

'  *  Robert  Scowen  had  20OO/.  given  him  towards 
his  Lofles,  but  hath  the  Efteem  of  an  honeft  Man. 

«  J  William  Say,  a  leud  Lawyer,  dealt  much  in 
Fen-Lands  j  one  of  his  Prince's  Murderers,  a  ftately 
Committee-Man  in  Kent,  and  Speaker  for  ten  Days 
to  the  Rump,  while  Lenthall  was  Tick  or  fullen. 

'  Francis 

2O2        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.       <  Francis  Thorpe ',  Receiver  of  the  Money  in  York- 
l659«       Jhtre^  charged  by  fome  of  the  Country  for  detaining 
C"rrv"r""'    25,000  /.  and  one  of  the  Barons  of  the  Exchequer, 
for  which  he  hath  iooo/.  per  Ann.  befides  the  Pro- 
fits of  the  Place;  a  bitter  Enemy  to  his  Prince,  and 
a  Creature  of  the  Rump's  making. 

«  *t  Peter  Temple,  Captain  of  a  Troop  of  Horfe, 
a  great  Committee-Man,  a  conftant  Rumper,  and 
one  of  the  King's  Judges. 

*  Sir  Thomas  '[renckard  had    I20O/.   given  him  ; 
Thus  he  married  his  Daughter  to  a  Malignant,  gave 
Security  for  the  Payment  of  I20O/.  Portion,  befides 
Parliamentary  Courtefies  ;  got  his  Son-in-Law  fe- 
queftered,  discovers  the  Debt,  and  had  it  given  him 
for  his  Fidelity  to  the  State.    A  neat  Parliamentary 
Way  to  pay  Portions. 

*  John  Trencbard,  Brother  to  Sir  Thomas  Trench- 
ard>  but  a  better  Father- in-Law.     He  was  Gover- 
nor of  Warebam^  married  two  of  his  Daughters  to 
Mr.  Bingham  and  Mr.  Sydenham,  procured  them  to 
be  made  Colonels  of  Horfe  and  Foot,  and  Governors 
of  feveral  Garrifons  ;  got  them  to  be  chofen  Mem- 
bers of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  to  be  made  free 
of  his  own  Trade  by  their  Father's  Copy. 

'  Thomas  Toll  had  the  Cuftomer's  Place  of  Lynn- 
Regis,  in  his  Son's  Name,  worth  300  /.  per  Ann. 
yet  it  is  another's  Grant. 

*  Sir  "John  Trevor  had  9000 /.  out  of  the  Marquis 
of  Winchefter's  Eftate,  and  the  Marquis  was  put  to 
his  and  Mr.  Wallop's  Allowance  for  divers  Years  to- 
gether :  Befides  Richmond-Park  and  Ground,  and 
the  great  Park  at  Nonfuch^  he  had  a  Monopoly  of 
150O/.  per  Ann.  out  of  Newcaflle  Coals. 

(  Benjamin  Valentine  had  5000 /.  given  him. 
'  Samuel  Vaffel  had  iooo/.  given  him. 

*  £  John  Ven,  Colonel,  Governor  of  Windhr^ 
and  one  of  the  King's  Judges,  had  4000  /.  given 
him  for  Lofles,  befides  the  Plunder  of  the  Country 
about  Windfor,  much  of  the  King's  Houfhold  Stuff, 
as  Hangings,  Linen,  and  Bedding. 

4  Sir  Henry  Vane^  fen.  hath  the  Biftiop  of  Dur- 
batns  Manor,  Park,  Demefne  of  Evenwood,  and  had 

5000  /„ 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        203 

5000 /.  given  him:  He  was  alfo  Chairman  for  the 
King's,  Queen's,  and  Prince's  Revenue,  the  Epi-        j659- 
tome  whereof  is  Lord-Treafurer.     His  Man  Cozens 
was  Clerk  to  the  Committee,  and  got  1500  or 
2000  /.  per  Ann,  by  it. 

And  if  the  Man  fucb  Profits  have. 
What  mujl  be  then  that  keeps  the  Knave  ? 

*  Buljlrode  Whitlocke,  once  a  Counfellor  at  Law 
of  the  Middle-Temple,  then  a  Member  of  the  Long 
Parliament,  where  he  profited  much,   advanced  his 
Intereft,  and  became  Commiflioner  of  the  Great  Seal. 
Before    the  Troubles   he  was    an  intimate  Friend 
to  Sir  Richard  Lane,  who,  going  to  Oxford,  entruft- 
ed  him  with  hisChambers  in  theTetnpIe,  of  which, 
with  all  the  Goods  and  an  excellent  Library,  he 
hath  kept  Pofleffion  ever  fince  ;  and  would  not  own 
that  ever  he  knew  fuch  a  Man,  when  Sir  Richard's 
Son  was  brought  to  wait  upon  him  in  his  Greatnefs. 
He  was  fent  Ambaffador  into  Sweden  in  great  State, 
and,  when  his  Matters  were  turned  out,  a&ed  there 
for  the  Protector.     He  was  fince  Commiflioner  of 
the  Treafury  under  him,  and  one  of  his  Lords  of 
the  Other  Houfe.    Under  Dick  he  was  made  Com- 
miflioner of  the  Seal  again ;  and,  he  being  difcarded, 
wheeled   about   and   worfliipped  the  Rump ;  and, 
when  Lambert  unfeated  them,  he  became  Prefident 
of  the  Committee  of  Safety;  fince  which  he  has  had 
the  Leifure  to  confider  of  his  former  honeft  Aftions, 
for  which  he  had  2000  /.  given  him  at  one  Time, 
and  hath  a  good  Fleece,  and  Heir  to  Lilly  the  Aftro- 

*  Sir  Thomas  Widdrington,  a  Lawyer.     By  his 
Practice,  and  a  formal  Compliance  with  the  Enfla- 
vers  of  thefe  Nations,  he  hath  advanced  his  Fortune. 
He  was  lately  Commiflioner  of  the  Treafury,  and  of 
the  Great  Seal.     He  was  Speaker  of  that  Parliament 
that  betrayed  the  Liberties  of  the  People  of  Eng- 
land, by  making  A6b  of  incredible  Injuftice.     He 
put  on  Oliver's  Robes  at  his  Inftallation,  and  made 


204       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-rcgnum.  him  a  worthy  Oration  :  For  which  good  Service  he 

•    il*r?l  _j  was  made  Chief  Baron  of  the  Exchequer.     His  fly 

March.       Formality  reftored  him  to  the  Great  Seal  fince  the 

Rump's  re-fitting.     No  doubt  he  is  a  weakly  Man, 

and  has  more  of  the  Willow  than  the  Oak. 

'  %  Edward  Whaley,  formerly  a  Woollendraper, 
or  petty  Merchant,  in  London;  where  not  thriving, 
and  being  much  in  Debt,  he  fled  into  Scotland  till 
the  Wars  began,  which  he  hath  found  a  more  gain- 
ful Trade,  and  in  which  he  was  Commiflary-Ge- 
neral  of  Horfe.  He  was  of  the  later  Parliaments, 
and  a  Promoter  of  Oliver's  ambitious  Defigns  and 
his  Country's  Slavery ;  for  which  he  was  made  a 
Major- General  of  two  or  three  Counties,  and  a 
Lord  of  the  Other  Houfe  :  But  the  reftoring  of  the 
Rump  check'd  this  little  Man's  Greatnefs,  till  Lam- 
bert turn'd  them  out,  and  then  he  was  fent  into 
Scotland  to  defire  Monke  to  be  quiet.  He  was  one 
of  the  accurfed  Crew  that  dared  to  fit  in  Judgment 
upon  his  Sovereign. 

*  Sir  Henry  Vane,  jun.  Son  to  the  Elder,  totally 
outed  Sir  William  Rujjell,  and  was  fole  Treafurer 
to  the  Navy;  a  Place  at  leaft  worth  6ooo/.  per  Ann. 
in  Time  of  War,  efpecially  when  the  Lord-Trea- 
furer  was  his  Friend,  more  when  he  was  his  Father. 
He  was  a  Difcontent  during  all  Oliver's  and  Ri- 
chard's Government.  He  is,  no  doubt,  a  Man  of 
much  Religion,  and  would  become  one  of  the  Rulers 
of  Ifrael,  if  the  intended  Match  between  his  Son 
and  Lambert's  Daughter  had  not  been  fpoiled  by  the 
Reftitution  of  the  Rump. 

'  Sir  William  Waller  loft  two  Armies,  and  yet  a 
Gainer.  He  was  afterwards  one  of  the  eleven  im- 
peached Members,  and  is  become  an  honeft  Man, 
and  a  Patriot  of  his  Country. 

'  Sir  Thomas  Walfingham  had  the  Honour  of  El~ 
tbam  given  him  that  was  tb,e  Earl  of  Dorfet's,  the 
middle  Park  and  an  Houfe  which  were  Mr.  White's^ 
and  had  cut  down  5000 /.  worth  of  Timber  Trees, 
but  hath  fcarce  one  left  of  his  own  to  make  a  Gib' 

«  *J  Thomas 

O/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        205 

c  *J  Thomas  Waite,  Colonel,  Governor  of  "Burley-  Inter-regnum. 
on-the-Hill,  where  he  thrived  fo  well  that  he  bought        l659- 
500 /.  per  Ann.     He  was  one  of  the  King's  Judges.    **" ITv-ri"J- 

«  f  Rowland  Wilfon,  Colonel,  one  of  his  Prince's 
Judges ;  and,  as  it  is  faid,  died  with  the  Conceit  of 
it,  being  accufed  by  a  Parrot  for  killing  of  his  King. 

*  Thomas  Weftrow,    Captain  under  Sir  Michael 
Livefey,  and  hath  gotten  the  Biftiop  of  Worcefter's 
Manor  of  Hartlebury. 

'  Sir  Chrijlopher  Wray,  Colonel,  fmce  dead. 
«  *  William  Wray,  his  Son,  Colonel. 

*  William  White,  Colonel,  and  was  Treafurer  of 
War  to  the  Army  in  the  North  under  the  Com- 
mand of  the  old  Lord  Fairfax. 

'  Serjeant  Wylde,  Lord  Chief  Baron,  had,  after 
the  hanging  of  Capt.  Burley,  xooo/.  out  of  the 
Privy  Purfe  of  Derby- Houfe.  'Tis  thought  he  af- 
forded a  great  Pennyworth  in  his  Service,  which 
another  would  not  have  done  for  io,ooo/.  and  it  is 
affirmed  he  had  iooo/.  more  upon  the  Acquittal  of 
Major  Ralph ;  fo  it  is  all  one  to  him  whether  he 
hangs  or  hangs  not.  He  lived  retired  during  the 
Prote&orian  Government,  but  was  lately  reftored  to 
the  Exchequer  for  being  a  Lover  of  the  Rump. 

*  Robert  Wallop  had  n,ooo/.  out  of  the  Marquis 
of  Winchejler's  Eftate,  as  it  is  reported. 

'  J  Valentine  Walton,  Colonel,  and  Governor  of 
Lynn-Regis,  purchafed  the  Queen's  Manor  of  Sc~ 
merjham,  in  the  Ifle  of  Ely,  for  a  fmall  Matter, 
which  he  has  improved  to  a  large  Revenue  by  De- 
coys, &c.  which  the  Rage  of  the  People  has  lately 
demolifhed  utterly.  He  was  one  of  the  King's 

«  J  Sir  Hardrefs  Waller,  Major-General  of  the 
Army,  a  Colonel  of  Horfe,  a  great  Committee- 
Man,  and  one  of  thofe  five  who  were  appointed  to 
confider  of  the  Time  and  Place  of  his  late  Majefty's 
Execution,  which  they  appointed  before  his  own 
Door.  He,  with  his  Affiftants,  were  alfo  the  King's 

*  It  was  reported  that  Stephen  Kirk,  Daniel  Cox, 
Robert  Wakeman,  and  John  Stinte,  Prime  Clerk* 

2o6       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Liter- regnum.  and  Sollicitors  to  their  Committees,  fhared  noo/. 
l659-  pf  Sir  Edward  Seabrigkt's  Money,  to  keep  him  from 
being  a  Delinquent ;  and  that  Records  were  taken 
off  the  File,  and  others  put  in  their  Room,  who 
gained  great  Eftates  to  themfelves.  The  Truth  of 
this  were  worth  inquiring  after. 

'  How  many  of  thofe  Members  have  undertaken 
to  fecure  Malignants  Houfes  and  Good ;  but,  in  the 
End,  have  taken  them  all  for  their  own  Ufe.  What 
Caftles,  Houfes,  Chafes,  and  Parks  have  they  have 
hadj  and  the  Public  no  Benefit  thereof,  is  worth  the 
Inquiry  :  Befides  the  King's  Revenues  and  Compo- 
fitions,  which  amounteth  to  ********. 

*  Befides  thefe  Offices,  Commands,  and  Gratui- 
ties, every  Member  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  be- 
ing in  all  516,  are,  by  their  own  Order,   allowed 
4/.  per  Week  a  Man,  which  amounts  to  107,3287. 
per  Ann.     By  the  Ordinance  for  fequeftcring  Delin- 
quents, April  I,  1643,  it  was  declared   that  their 
Eftates  fliould  go  for  Maintenance  of  the  Public 
Affairs  ;  and  feveral  other  Ordinances  defigned  Bi- 
fhops  Lands  for  Payment  of  200,000  /.  Public  Debt; 
yet  you  may  fee  by  this  that  Delinquents  Eftates 
and  Biftiops  Lands  were  by  the  Members  of  Parlia- 
ment fhared  amongft  themfelves,  whilft  the  Public 
Debt  is  unfatisfied,  and  the  Excife  and  Taxes  held 

c  Befides  all  this,  the  Incomes  they  railed  upon 
the  People,  under  Colour  of  the  War,  amounted  to 
Three  Millions  per  Ann.  at  leaft. 

*  And  did  they  not  intend  to  perpetuate  their  Par- 
liament, and  entail  their  Seffion  (as  the  Priefthood 
on  Levi)  on  confiding  Families  to  furnifh  them  with 
Votes,  as,   Sir  Gilbert  Gerrard  and  his  two  Sons, 
Sir  Robert  tiarley  and  his  two  Sons,  three  Fiennes^ 
three  Afljes,  four  Stephens,  four  Pelhams,  four  Her- 
berts, four  Temples,  Sir  Thomas  "Jervois  and  his  Son, 
Sir  Henry  Vane  and  his  Son,  two  Purys,  two  Cba~ 
loners,  two  Bacons,  two  Pierepoints,  two  Bonds,  two 
Onflows,  two  Pools,  two  Lenthalls,  &c.  And  that 
our  Ecclefiaftics  may  comply  with  cur  Temporal 


Of     ENGLAND.        207 

Governors,  the  Houfe  abolifh  (as  fuperftkious,  be-  inter-regnunn 
caufe  legal)  the  Convocation  of  learned  Divines,  re-  -if S9* 
gularly  chofen  by  the  King's  Writ,  and  duly  ele&ed  ^"-?^~ 
by  the  Clergy  ;  and  the  Houfe  of  Commons  nomi- 
nated an  Aflembly  of  gifted  Divines,  for  that  there 
is  not  an  Aflembly- Man  but  what  is   thruft  into 
another's  Benefice/ 

We  have  now  gone  thro'  the  Hiftorians,  Memo- 
rialifts,  and  other  Authorities  of  thefe  Times,  up  to 
the  Diflblution  of  this  Parliament.  What  happened 
between  and  the  Meeting  of  the  next  Convention  (for 
Parliament  it  cannot  be  called)  is  not  much  to  our 
Purpofe.  But,  in  this  Interval,  Dr.  Price  tells  us,  the 
General  was  founded  as  to  his  Intentions  for  refto- 
ring  the  King,  by  Sir  'John  Grenvitle,  fent  over  pur- 
pofely,  being  a  near  Relation  of  Monkis^  and  very 
intimate  with  him.  The  DoiStor  has  left  us  a  full 
Account  of  what  pafled  when  Sir  "John  delivered 
the  King's  Letter  firft  to  the  General ;  of  his  Shy- 
nefs  in  receiving  it,  and  at  laft  of  his  open  Declara- 
tion to  Sir  "John  Grenvil/e,  *  That  he  hoped  the 
King  would  forgive  what  was  paft,  both  in  his 
Words  and  Actions,  according  to  the  Contents  of 
his  gracious  Letter ;  that  his  Heart  was  ever  faith- 
ful to  his  Majefty,  but  he  was  never  in  a  Condition 
to  do  him  Service  till  the  prefent  Time.'  He  bki 
him  ailure  the  King,  '  That  he-  was  now  not  only 
ready  to  obey  his  Commands,  but  to  ffcrifice  his 
Life  and  Fortune  in  his  Service/ 

After  fuch  a  Declaration,  from  a  Man  who  had 
it  in  his  Power,  we  may  fuppofe  the  King's  Refto- 
ration  was  not  far  off.  And,  indeed,  fome  of  the 
warmeft  and  ruoft  powerful  Men  againft  his  Fa- 
ther faw  the  Thing  fo  inevitable,  that  they  began 
to  think  of  making  Terms  for  themfelves.  Thefe, 
we  are  told,  were  earneft  with  the  General,  That 
if  the  King  muft  be  brought  in  by  the  next  Parlia- 
ment, he  fhould  be  admitted  upon  no  other  Terms 
than  the  Conceffions  of  the  Ifle  of  Wight.  But 
thefe  Articles  were  thought  t<jo  ftrait  for  Monarchy, 


208       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  and  wholly  deftru&ive  to  the  Conftitution  of  the 
1659-  Church,  as  governed  before  thofe  Troubles.  Be- 
v— *v---»  fides,  King  Charles  the  Firft  yielded  to  thefe  hard 
arc  *  Articles,  at  a  Time  when  he  was  a  Prifoner  in  Ca- 
riJbrook-Cajlle,  in  the  Year  1648  ;  and  the  Parlia- 
ment voting  them  to  be  a  fufficient  Ground  for  a 
Treaty  with  the  King,  the  Army  turned  out  all  the 
Voters,  who  were  afterwards  called  the  fecluded 
Members.  However,  adds  the  Doctor,  to  follicit 
the  General,  That  the  King's  Reftoration  might  be 
hampered  with  his  Father's  Conceffions,  in  the  Ifle 
of  Wight,  was  no  idle  or  unreafonable  Proportion, 
from  fuch  as  found  themfelves  concerned  now  to 
look  about  them.  But  this  Propofal  being  judged  to 
be  anticipating  the  A&s  of  the  enfuing  Convention, 
or  Parliament,  it  was  laid  aflde  by  the  General,  be- 
ing alfo  inconfiftent  with  his  Defign  of  reftoring  the 
.King,  without  any  Condition  whatfoever. 

The  King  being  now  made  thoroughly  acquaint- 
ed, by  Means  of  Sir  John  Grenville^  with  the  Gene- 
ral's Intentions  in  his  Favour,  began  to  entertain 
more  certain  Hopes  of  his  Reftoration  than  ever  he 
had  done  before.  But  ftill  the  Determination  of 
the  whole  Matter  refted  principally  on  the  Refolu- 
tions  of  the  next  Parliament,  whofe  Writs  of  Elec- 
tion were  almoft  wholly  returned  by  the  Middle  of 
jfpril,  1660.  In  the  mean  Time  one  Interruption 
happened,  which  might  have  proved  of  dangerous 
Confequence,  if  it  had  not  been  timely  prevented. 

It  is  faid  that,  by  the  Connivance  of  the  Under- 
Keepers,  Lambert  was  fuffered  to  efcape  out  of  the 
Tower ;  and  he  being  of  a  boifterous  and  daring 
Spirit,  and  well  beloved  by  the  Soldiery,  it  was 
thought  he  might  blow  up  a  Flame  not  eafy  to  be 
cxtinguifhed,  if  not  taken  in  Time.  The  General 
had  quick  Notice  of  this  Efcape,  and  was  too  wife 
not  to  take  Care  to  prevent  Lambert's  Defigns.  A 
Proclamation  was  firft  iflued  out  againft  him  and  all 
his  Abettors,  declaring  them  Traitors ;  for  he  foon 
muttered  together  a  Number  of  Men  of  the  fame  ill 
Principle*  with  himfelf,  ready  to  overturn  any  Go- 

Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       209 

vernment  in  which  they  had  no  Share  or  Power.  Inter-rcgnum, 
\Vith  thefe  Lambert  intended  to  rendezvous  at  Edge-        lf>59« 
hill'y  and  the  General  was  preparing  to  march  in  *— "•"«'"""-«-' 
Perfon  againft  him  ;  but  hearing  that  his  Party  was          pn  " 
inconfiderable,  he  altered  hisPurpofe,  andfentCol. 
Ingoldjby  on  that  Expedition.     The  Colonel  foon 
brought  Matters  to  a  Crifis  ;   and,  without  Blood- 
ihed,  took  Lambert  and  his  chief  Officers  Prifoners, 
and  brought  them  to  London,  where  this  /aftious 
Perfon,  with  Gobbet  and  Creed,  two  others  of  the 
fame  Stamp,  were,  by  the  Council  of  State,  com- 
mitted clofe  Prifoners  to  the  Tower.    This  happened 
the  very  Day  before  the  Meeting  of  the  Parliament. 

And,  furely,  there  could  not  be  a  more  proper 
Crifis  for  fuch  a  Meeting,  which  now  confifted  of 
both  Lords  and  Commons  ;  for  it  was  not  difputed 
by  any  who  called  and  gave  them  this  Authority, 
the  moft  rebellious  in  the  Three  Kingdoms  then 
fubmitting  to  it.  Now  it  appeared,  fays  bur  Re- 
verend Author,  that  God's  Mercy,  the  King's  Cle- 
mency, the  General's  Conduit,  and  this  Parlia-  ; 
ment's  Sitting,  prevented  all  Fears,  and  the  EfFufion 
of  Blood,  either  by  the  Sword  of  War,  or  of  Juftice. 
For  none  fuffered  upon  the  old  Score,  but  thofe 
who  fat  in  Judgment  on  the  late  King,  And  figned 
to  his  Execution  ;  and  even  fome  of  thefe  were 
pardoned.  Some  few  others  were  alfo  thought  fifc 
to  be  exempted  from  Pardon,  by  the  Parliament,  as 
•Sir  Henry  Vane  and  Hugh  Peters,  the- Guilt  of 
which  laft  Sectary,  our  Author  adds,  was  thought 
greater  than  fome  of  the  higheft  of  the  Criminals., 
who  fat  in  a  Court  of  Mock- Juftice  up'ofl  the  Life  "* 
of  their  Sovereign. 

But  before  we  begin  with  the  Proceedings  of  this 
ever-memorable  Convention  of  two  Eftates  of  the 
Kingdom,  we  fhall  infert  the  Names  of  thofe  Mem- 
bers who  compofed  the  lower  of  them,  viz.  the" 
Houfe  of  Commons  ;  referving  a  Lift  of  the  Peers 
to  another  Place,  when  there  were  more  of  thenV~ 
together,  and  their  King  at  the  fame  Time  execu- 
ting his  refpeftive  Office  of  Dignity  and  Priprity. 

VOL.  XXIL  O  kl>#": 

210  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

A  LIST  of  the  Names  of  the  KNIGHTS,  CITIZENS,  BUR- 
GESSES, and  BARONS  of  the  Cinque  Ports,  of  England  and 
Wales,  os  they  were  returned  to  the  Crown  -Office,  for  the  Par- 
liament begun  at  Weftminfter,  April  25,  1660,  commonly  called 
the  CONVENTION  PARLIAMENT,  which  was  fitting  at  the 
Return  of  King  Charles,  and  voted  his  Reparation.  i 

Where  there  was 
Bedford  T. 
New-Windfor  B. 

Reading  B. 
Abingdon  B. 


Buckingham  T. 
Wicomb  B. 

Aylejbury  B. 
Amerjham  B. 

From  *  Pamphlet 

a  double  Return,  thofe  in  the  Italic  Character 
were  not  allowed  to  Jit. 

TJ  Obert  Lord  Bruce. 

j\^  Samuel  Brown,  Serjeant  at  Law. 

Sir  Samuel  Luke,  Knt. 

Humphrey  Winch,  Efq; 

Sir  Robert  Pye,  Knt. 

Richard  Powell,  Efq; 

Alexander  Blake,  Efq; 

Roger  Palmer,  Efq; 

Richard  Winwood,  Eff, 

Thomas  Rich,  Efq; 

John  Blagrave,  Efq; 

Sir  John  Stonehoufe,  Bart. 

Sir  John  Lenthall,  Knt.  and  Bart. 

Kungerford  Dunch,  Efq;  made  his  Election 
for  Cricklade.  New  Writ  ordered  to  be  if- 
fued  May  I. 

Thomas  Saunders,  Efq; 

Thomas  Tyrrel,  Serjeant  at  Law,  one  of  the 
Lords  Commiflioners.  Made  one  of  the 
Juftices  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  and 
a  new  Writ  ordered  to  be  Sflfued  July  28, 

William  Boyer,  Efq; 

Sir  Richard  Temple,  Bart. 

John  Dormer,  Efq; 

Edmund  Petty,  Efq; 

Richard  Brown,  Efq; 

Thomas  Scott,  Efq\ 

Richard  Ingoldfby,  Efq; 

Thomas  Lee,  Efq; 

Charles  Cheyne,  Efq; 

Thomas  Proby,  Efq; 

of  the  Times,  which  has  been  arefWJy  compared  with  the 


Wendwer  B. 
Marlow  B. 


Cambridge  Uni- 


Cambridge  T. 
Cbefler  C. 

Dunchevlt,  alias 
Launcefton  B. 

Lejkard  B. 
Truro  B. 
Bodmyn  B. 
Heljlon  B. 

E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  211 

Richard  Hampden,  Efn; 

John  Baldwin,  Efq; 

Peregrine  Hoby,  Efq; 

William  Borlace,  Efq; 

Thomas  Wendy,  Efq; 

Ifaac  Thornton,  Efq; 

General  George  Monke,   made  his  Election 

for  Devon/hire.     New  Writ  ordered  to  be 

iflued  May  22. 
Thomas  Crouch,  A.  M. 
Sir  Dudley  North,  Knt.  of  the  Bath. 
Sir  Thomas  Willis,  Bart. 
Sir  George  Booth,  Bart. 
Thomas  Manwaring,  Efq; 
John  Ratcliff,  Efq; 
William  Ince,  Efq; 
Sir  John  Carew. 
JHugh  Bofcawen,  Efq; 
Thomas  Gewen,  Efq; 
Sir  John  Clobery. 
Edward  Elliot,  Efq; 
John  Connock,  Efq; 
John  Robinfon,  Efq; 
Thomas  Johnfon^  Efq; 
John  Clayton,  Efq; 
Walter  Moyle,  Efq; 
Henry  Ford,  Efq; 
Walter  Vincent,  Efq; 
Edward  Bofcawen,  Efq; 
Henry  Roberts,  Efq; 
Henry  Roberts,  Efq; 
John  Scilly,  Efq; 
Sir  Peter  Kllligrew,  Knt. 
Thomas  Robinfon,  Efq; 
----  Godolphin,  Efq; 
Sir  Peter  Killigrew,  Knt. 
Sir  Peter  Killigrew,   Knt. 
William  Cotton,  Efq; 
Henry  Nicol,  Efq; 
Samuel  Trclawney,  Efq; 
John  Buller,  Efq;    " 
John  Keneal,  Efq; 

O  2  Grar^ 

212  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

SrampoundB.        Hugh  Bofcawen,  Efq;  made  his  Ele&ion  fc: 
-  Cornwall.     New  Writ  ordered  to  be  ilTuert 

Augujl  14. 
Thomas  Herle,  Efq; 
Zafllwo  B.  Henry  Seymour,  Efq; 

John  Trelawney,  Efq; 
George  Sirelley,  Efq\ 
'Nathaniel  Moyle,  Efq; 
?'enryn  B.'  Samuel  Enys,  Efq; 

James  Cobins,  Efq; 

'l-'regony  ]$.  Edward  Bofcawen,    Efq;    made  his  Election 

for  Trttre.     New  Writ  ordered  to  be  iiiued 
Augujl  25. 
John  Temple  Efq; 
IVilliam  Tridtnham,  Efq~y 
Dr.  C/argis. 
2'jjiney  B.  Francis  Gerrard,  Efq; 

Charles  Pymme,  Efq;   made  his  Election  for 
Minehead.    New  Writ  ordered  to  be  ifiued 
^May  15. 
~(.  I-vfs  B.  John  St.Aubin,  Efq; 

Edward  Nofworthy,  Efq; 
Barnes  Pread,  Efq\ 
Peter  CV/y,  Efq; 
.-?y  B,  Edward  Herle,  Efq; 

John  Barton,  Efq; 
^zrmciins  B.      John  Elliot,  Efq; 

Richard  Knightley,  Efq; 
,>/B.  Thomas  Carew,  Efq; 

Heneage  Finch,  Efq;  made  his  Election  for 
the  City  of  Canterbury  ;    and  a  new  Writ 
ordered  to  be  ifTued  May  5. 
Humphry  Bur  ace,  Efq; 
-port  B.  Sir  Francis  Drake,  Bart. 

William  Morrice,  Efq;  made  his  Election  for 
Plymouth.  New  Writ  ordered  to  be  iflued 
July  12. 

B.        William  Tredingham,  Efq; 
Arthur  Spry,  Efq; 
John  Clobery,  Efq-t 
\.          Robert  Roll, 'Efq; 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 


Car  li  Jit  C. 
Cockermouth  B. 
Derby  T. 

Exeter  C. 

Totnefs  B. 
Plymouth  B. 

Earnjlaple  B. 
Plumpton  B. 
Tavijlock  B. 

mouthy  Hard- 
nefs  B. 
Beralflone  B. 

Edward  Herle,'  Efq;  made  his  Election  ft.. 

•Fowey.     New  Writ  ordered  to  be  iflueo 

.Afoy  14. 

Col.  Lord  Charles  Howard. 
Sir  Wilfrid  Lawfon,  Knt. 
William  Brifco,  Efq; 
Jeremy  Tolhur,  Efq; 
Richard  Tolfon,  Efq; 
Wilfrid  Lawfon,  Efq; 
Henry  Cavendifh,  Vifcount  Mansfield. 
John  Ferrers,  Efq; 
John  Dalton,  Efq; 
Roger  Aleby,  Efq; 
Lord  General  Monke,  called  up  to  the  Houfc 

of  Peers.     New  Writ  ordered  to  be  iffued 

July  16. 

Sir  John  Northcott,  Bart. 
John  Maynard,  Serjeant  at  Law. 
Thomas  Bampfield,  Efq; 
Richard  Ford,  Efq; 
Thomas  Chafe,  Efq; 
Thomas  Clifford,  Efq; 
Samuel  Trelawney,  Efq; 
William  Morrice,  Efq;  Secretary  of  State. 
John  Maynard^   Serjeant  at  Law, 
Edmund  Vowel^  Efq\ 
John  Roll,  Efq;     ' 
Nicholas  Dennis,  Efq; 
William  Strode,  Efq; 
Chriftopher  Martyn,  Efq; 
William  Ruffel,  Efq; 
George  Howard,  Efq; 
Ellis  Crimes  ,  Efq, 

John  Hale,  Efq; 
--  Frederick,  Efq; 

George  Howard,  Efq;  made  his  Election  for 
Tavijlock,  New  Writ  ordered  to  be  iflued 
May  30. 

John  Maynard,  Efq; 

Sir  Francis  Drake,  Bart. 

O  3  Tiverton  B, 

214  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Tiverton  B.  Thomas  Bampfield,  Efq;    made  his  Ele&ion 

for  Exeter.  New  Writ  ordered  to  be  iflued 
June  12. 

Robert  Shapcot,  Efq; 
AJhburton  B.  Sir  William  Courtney. 

John  Fowel,  Efq; 
Honyton  B.  Sir  John  Young,  Knt. 

Samuel  Serle,  Efq; 
Okehampton  B.        Edward  Wife,  Efq; 

Jofias  Calmady,  Efq; 

Robert  Reynolds^  Efg; 
DORSETSHIRE.     John  Fitz-James,  Efq; 

Robert  Coker,  Efq; 
Pools  T.  Sir  Walter  Erie, 

George  Cooper,  Efq; 
Dorchefler  B.          Denzil  Hollis,  Efq; 

John  Whiteway,  Efq; 
Lyme-Regis  B.       Walter  Young,  Efq; 

Thomas  Moor,  Efq;  made  his  Election  for 
Heyte/bury.     New  Writ  ordered  to  be  if- 
fued  May  14. 
Weymouth  B.          General  Edward  Montagu. 

Sir  William  Penn,  Knt. 
Metcomb-RegisB.  Henry  Weltham,  Efq; 

Samuel  Bond,  Efq; 

Peter  Mid  diet  on ,  Efq; 
Bridport  B.  John  Drake,  Efq; 

Henry  Henly,  Efq; 
Ehaftjbury  B.  Thomas  Grove,  Efq; 

James  Baker,  Efq; 
Warebam  B.  George  Pitt,  Efq; 

Robert  Colleford,  Efq; 
Corfe-Cajlle  B.       Ralph  Banks,  Efq; 

John  Tregonwell,  Efq; 
ESSEX.  John  Bramfton,  Efq; 

Edward  Turner,  Efq; 
Colchejier  B.  Sir  HarbottleGrimfton,  Bart.  SPEAKER. 

John  Shaw,  Efq; 
Maiden  B.  Triftam  Conyers,  Efq; 

Henry  Mildmay,  Efq;  declared  void.     New 
Writ  ordered  to  be  iflued  May  14. 

Edward  Harris^  Efq', 


Harwich  B. 

Glouce/ler  C. 

Cirencejler  B. 
Tewkefbury  B. 


Hereford  C. 
Weobly  B. 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  ,215 

Capel  Luckyn,  Efq; 

Henry  Wright,  Efq; 

Matthew  Hale,  Serjeant  at  Law. 

Edward  Stephens,  Efqj 

Edward  Mafle,  Efq; 

James  Stephens,  Efq; 

Thomas  Matter,  Efq; 

Henry  Powel],  Efq; 

Henry  Capell,  Efq; 

Richard  Dawdefwell,  Efq; 

Edward  Harley,  Efq; 

William  Hinfon,  alias  Powell,  Efq;  made  his 

Election  for  Dover.     New  Writ  ordered 

to  be  iflued  June  4. 
Roger  Bofworth,  M.  D. 
Herbert  Waftfailing,  Efq; 

~)  Declared  void,  and  a 
>  new  Writ  ordered  to 

Leominjler  B. 

St.  Albans  B. 

Hertford  T. 

Huntingdon  T. 

Canterbury  C. 
Roche  ft  er  C. 
Maidftone  B. 

James  Pitts,  Efq; 

Richard  Wefton,  Efq; 

jbe  iflued  July  17. 

John  Birch,  Efq; 

Edward  Pytt,  Efq; 

Rowland  Litton,  Efq; 

Henry  Caefar,  Efq; 

Richard  Jennings,  Efq; 

William  Foxwift,  Efq} 

Col.  Alban  Cox. 

James  Cooper,  Efq; 

Arthur  Spark,  Efq; 

Robert  Lord  Mandevil. 

Henry  Cromwell,  Efq; 

John  Bernard,  Efq; 

Nicholas  Pedley,  Efq; 

Sir  John  Tufton,  Bart. 

Sir  Edward  Deering,  Bart. 

Sir  Anthony  Archer,  Kilt* 

Heneage  Finch,  Efq; 

John  Manfham,  Efq; 

Peter  Petit,  Efq; 

Thomas  Twifden,  Serjeant  at  Law.  On  the 
3d  of  July  a  Writ  was  ordered  to  be  iflued 
to  elect  one  in  his  room,  being  made  one  of 
the  Juftices  of  the  Court  of  King's  Bench. 

Robert  Barnham,  Efq; 

Queen  - 



Liverpool  B. 


Lticefter  T. 

Lincoln  C. 
5«y?5»  T. 

2 1 6  The  Parliamentary  Hi STOR v 

Queenborougb  B,     James  Herbert,  Efq; 

Sir  William  Wheeler,  Knt. 
LANCASHIRE.       Sir  Robert  Bindlos,  Bart. 

Roger  Bradfhaigh,  Efq; 
Lancajler  T.  Sir  Gilbert  Gerrard,  Bart. 

William  Weft,  Efq; 

Preflon  B.  Richard  Standifli,  Efq;  7  Dec]ared_  void,  and 

Alexander  Rigby,  Efq|  ^a  new  Wnt  ordered 

Newton  B.  Richard  Leigh,  Efq; 

William  Banks,  jun.  Efq; 

William  Gardiner,  Efq;  1  Declared  void  and 

Hugh  Forth,  Efq; 

Sir  Ralph  Afliton,  Bart. 

William  Hulton,  Efq; 

William  Stanley,  Efq; 

Gilbert  Ireland,  Efq; 

Thomas  Merry,  Efq; 

Jathew  Babinton,  Efq; 

John  Grey,   Efq; 

Thomas  Armftrong,  E(q; 

Edward  Rofliter,  Efq; 

Sir  George  Saunderfon,  Bart. 

John  Monfon,  Efq; 

Thomas  Meeres,  Efq; 

Sir  Anthony  Irby,  Knt. 

Thomas  Hatcher,  Efq; 

William  Wray,  Efq; 

Edward  King,  Efq; 
John  Hatcher,  Efq; 
Francis  Wingfield,  Efq; 

'John  Weaver,  Efq; 
Thomas  Skipwith,  Efq; 
John  Newton,  Efq; 
William  Ellis,  Efq; 
Sir  William  Waller,  Knt. 
Lancelot  Leke,  Efq; 
Gilbert  Gerrard,  Efq; 
Thomas  Clargis,  Efq; 
William  Wild,  Efq;    Recorder. 
Major-General  Brown. 


Grim/by  B. 
Stamford  B. 

Grantbam  B. 

Weftminfttr  C. 
London  C. 



John  Robinfon,  Efq;  Alderman. 

William  Vincent,  Efq; 
MONMOUTH-        Henry  Lord  Herbert. 

SHIRE.  William  Morgan,  Efq; 

Monmouth  T.          Sir  Trevor  Williams,  Bart. 
NORFOLK.  Sir  Horatio  To wnfhend,  Bart. 

Thomas  Richardfon,  Baron  of  Cramond. 
Norwich  C.  William  Barnham,  Efq; 

Thomas  Rant,  Efq; 
Lynn- Regis  T.       Sir  Ralph  Hare,  Bart. 

Edward  Walpole,  Efq; 
Yarmouth  T.          John  Potts,  Knr.  and  Bart. 

Sir  William  D'Oyley,  Knt. 

Sir  John  Pa/grave,  Bart. 

Miles  Corbet,  Efq\ 
Thetford  B.  Sir  Philip  Wodehoufe,  Bart. 

Robert  Pafton,  Efq; 
Caflle-Rifing  B.     Sir  John  Holland,  Bart. 

John  Spelman,  Efq; 
NORTHAMP-  •      Sir  Henry  Yelverton,  Bart. 

TONSHIRE.  Jchn  Crewe,  Efq; 

Peterborough  C.     Charles  Lord  de  le  Spencer. 

Humphry  Orme. 

Francis  St.  John^  Efq; 
Northampton  T.     Sir  John  Norwich. 

Richard  Rainsford,  Efq; 
Brackley  B.  Thomas  Crewe,  Efq; 

William  Lifle,  jun,  Efq; 
Higham-FerrcrsJS.  Sir  Thomas  Dacrcs. 

Edward  Harvey,  Efq\ 
NORTHUMBER-     Sir  William  Fenwick,  Bart. 

LANTD.  Ralph  Delaval,  Efq; 

Newca/lle  upon       Robert  Ellifon,  Efq; 

Tyne  T.  William  Calverley,  Efq; 

Berwick  T.  Sir  Thomas  Widdrington,  one  of  the  Lords 

Commiflioners  of  the  Great  Seal  of  Eng- 
land. Made  his  Eledion  for  York.  New 
Writ  ordered  to  be  iflued  May  14. 

John  Rumworth,  Efq; 
Morpeth^B.  Thomas  Widdrington,  Efq; 

Col.  Ralph  Knight. 



Nottingham  T. 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

William  Pierepoint,  Efq; 
Gilbert  Lord  Haughton. 
Arthur  Stanhope,  Efq; 
Col.  John  Hutch  Jnfon,  expelled  the  Houfe 
June  9,  and  rendered  incapable  of  bearing 
any  Office  of  public  Truft  ;  and  it  was  alfo 
refolved  that  he  fhould  not  be  within  the 
Claufe  of  Exception  in  the  A&  of  general 
Pardon,  as  to  any  Fine  or  Forfeiture  of  any 
Part  of  his  Eftate  not  purchafed  of,  or  be- 
longing to,  the  Public.     A  new  Writ  or- 
dered to  be  iflued  June  12. 
Eaft-Retford  B.    William  Hickman,  Efq; 

Wentworth  Fitzgerald,  Earl  of  Kildare. 
OXFORDSHIRE.     Sir  Thomas  Wenman,  Knt.  afterwards  Vif- 

count  Wenman. 
James  Fiennes,  Efq; 

OxfordUmverfity.  Thomas  Clayton,  M.  D. 
John  Mills,  LL.  D. 
Henry  Carey,  Vifcount  Falkland. 
James  Haxley,  Efq; 
Sir  Thomas  Spencer,  Bart.    - 
Edward  Atkins,  Efq; 
Sir  Anthony  Cope,  Bart. 
RUTLANDSHIRE.  Philip  Sherard,  Efq; 
Samuel  Brown,  Efq; 
Sir  William  Whitmore,  Bart. 
Henry  Vernon,  Efq; 
Samuel  Jones,  Efq; 
Thomas  Jones,  Efq; 
Walter  Acton,  Efq-, 
John  Bennet,  Efq; 
Tim.  Lyttleton,  Serjeant  at  Law. 
John  Charlton,  Efq; 
Great  Wenlock  B.  Sir  Francis  Lawley,  Bart. 
Thomas  Whitmore,  Efq; 
BiJhops-Caftle  T.   William  Oakley,  Efq; 
Edmund  Waring,  Efq; 
SOMERSETSHIRE.  George  Hnrner,  Efq; 

Hugh^Smith,   Efq; 
BriftolC.  John  Stephens,  Efq; 

John  Knight,  fen.  Efq; 


Oxford  C. 
Wood/lock  B. 
Banlury  B. 

Shrew/bury  T. 
Bridgnorth  B. 


Bath  C. 
Wells  C. 
Taunton  B. 
Bridgewater  B. 
Minebead  B. 
Ilcbefter  B. 
Mllborn-Port  B. 


Winchefttr  C. 

Southampton  T. 
Portfmoutb  T. 

Yarmouth  B. 
Petersfield  B. 
Newport  B. 
Stockbridgc  B. 
Newton  B* 
CbriJl-Cburch  B. 



Alexander  Popham,  Efq; 

William  Prynnc,  Efq; 

Thomas  White,  Efq; 

Henry  Bull,  Efq; 

William  Windham,  Efq; 

Thomas  Gorger,  Efq; 

Sir  Thomas  Wroth,  Knt. 

Francis  Rolle,  Efq; 

Francis  Luttrel,   Efq; 

Charles  Pymme,  Efq; 

Robert  Hunt,  Efq; 

Henry  Dunfter,  Efq; 

William  Milborn,  Efq; 

Michael  Mailer,  Efq; 

Richard  Norton,  Efq; 

John  Buckley,  Efq; 

Thomas  Cole,  Efq;  made  his  Election  for 

Petersfield.     New  Writ  ordered  to  be  if- 

fued  May  29. 
John  Hooke,  Efq; 
William  Stanley,  Efq; 
Robert  Richbell,  Efq; 
Richard  Norton,  Efq;  made  his  Election  for 

Southampton/hire.     New  Writ  ordered  to 

be  iffued  May  I. 
Henry  Whitehead,  Efq; 
Sir  George  Leigh,  Knt. 
Richard  Lucy,  Efq; 
Thomas  Cole,  Efq; 
Arthur  Bold,  Efq; 
Robert  Dillington,  Efq; 
William  Oglander,  Efq; 
Francis  Rivet,   Efq; 
Sir  John  Evelin,  Knt. 
Sir  John  Barrington,  Bart. 
Sir  Henry  Worfley,  Bart. 
John  Hildefley,  Efq; 
Henry  Fulfe,  Efq; 
Robert  Wallop,  Efq;     He  was  expelled  the 

Houfe  "June  n,  and  excepted  out  of  the 

Acl:  of  general  Pardon  and  Oblivion,  in 

refpecl  only  of  fuch  Pains,  Penalties,  and 


220  'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Forfeitures,    (not  extending   to   Life)  as 
fhould  be  thought  fit  to  be  inflicted  on  him. 
New  Writ  ordered  to  be  iflued  June  12. 
Giles  Hungerford,  Efqj 
Lymington  B.  John  Button,  Efq; 

Henry  Bromfield,  Efq; 
Jlndouer  B.  John  Trott,  Efq; 

John  Collins,  Efq; 
STAFFORDSHIRE.  Edward  Bagot,  Efq; 

William  Snead,  Efq; 
Litcbfeld  C.  Michael  Biddolph,  Efq; 

Thomas  Manners,   Efq; 
Stafford  T.  Sir  Charles  Wolfeley,  Bart, 

John  Swinfen,  Efq; 
Newcaflle  under     John  Bowyer,  Efq; 

Line.  Samuel  Terrick,  Efq; 

Tamwortb  B.          Richard  Newdigate,  Lord  Chief  Juftke  of  Ac 
Upper  Bench. 

Thomas  Fox,  Efq; 
SUFFOLK.  Sir  Henry  Felton,  Bart. 

Henry  North,  Efq; 
Ipfwicb  T.  Nathaniel  Bacon,  Efq; 

Francis  Bacon,  Efq; 
Dunwicb  B.  John  Rous,  Efq; 

Henry  Beddingfield,  Efq; 
Orford  B.  Walter  Devereux,  Efq; 

Allen  Broderick,  Efq; 
jUdloreugb  B.         Robert  Brook,  Efq; 

Thomas  Bacon,  Efq; 
Sudbury  B.  John  Gurdon,  Efq; 

Jofeph  Brand,  Efq; 

Robert  Cordel,  Efq; 
Eye  B.  Charles  Cornwallis,  Efq; 

George  Reeve,  Efq; 
St.EdmundJburyB.  Sir  Henry  Crofts,  Knt. 

Sir  John  Duncombe,  Knt. 

Thomas  Chaplin,  Efq; 

Thomas  Clarke,  Ej'q; 
SURREY.  Francis  Angier,  Baron  ofLangford. 

Daniel  Harvey,  Efq; 
Soutbwark  B.         John  Langham,  Efq; 

Thomas  Bludworth,  Efq; 




Blecbingley  B. 
Ryegate  B. 
Guildford  B. 
Catton  B. 

Hujlemere  B. 
Chlcbejter  C. 

Horjham  B. 
Midburft  B. 
Lewes  B. 
Sboreham  B. 
Bramber  B. 
Steyning  B. 

Arundel  B. 

Coventry  C. 

Sir  John  Evelin,  Knt. 
John  Goodwyn,  Efq; 
John  Hele,  Efq; 
Edward  Thurland,  Efq; 
Sir  Richard  Onflow,  Knt. 
Arthur  Onflow,  Efq; 

Thomas  Turgis,  Efq;   ~\  Declared  void,  and 
William  Oldfield,  Efq;  I  new  Writs  ordered 
Roger  James,  Efq;          ("to  be  iffued  the  5th. 
Robert  Wood,  Efq;       J  of  May. 
John  Weftbrook,  Efq; 
Richard  Weft,  Efq; 
Sir  John  Pelham. 
Henry  Goring,  Efq; 
Henry  Peckham,  Efq; 
John  Farrington,  Efq; 
William  Cawley,  Efq; 
Thomas  Middleton,  Efq; 
Hall.  Ravenfcroft,  Efq; 
Will.  Willoughby,  Efq; 
ohn  Steward,  Efq; 
ohn  Staple,  Efq; 

ifel  Rivers,   Efq; 
Herbert  Springet,  Efq; 
Edward  Blaker,  Efq; 
John  Byne,  Efq; 
Edward  Eversfield,  Efq; 
Henry  Goring,  Efq;  made  his  Election  for 

SuJ/ex.     New  Writ  ordered  to  be  iffued 

May  3. 

JohnFagg,  Efq; 
Marmaduke  Grefham,  Efq; 
George  Courthop,  Efq; 
Roger  Lord  Broghill. 
Henry  Vifcount  Falkland,  made  his  Election 

for  Oxford  City.    New  Writ  ordered  to  be 

iffued  May  I. 
.George  Brown,  Efq; 
Thomas  Archer,  Efq; 

John  Decld  void>  »ni 




222  ffle  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Warwick  B.  Clement  Throckmorton,  jun.  Efq; 

John  Rous,  Efq; 
WESTMORE-         Sir  John  Lowther,  Bart. 

LAND.  Sir  Thomas  Wharton,  Knight  of  the  Bath, 

Jtppulby  T.  Sir  Henry  Cholmley,  Knt. 

Chriftopher  Clapham,  Efq; 
WILTSHIRE.         Sir  Anthony  Afhley  Cooper. 

John  Earnely,  Efq; 
Salijbury  C.  Henry  Eyre,  Efq; 

Edward  Tooker,  Efq; 
Wilton  B.  John  Swanton,  Efq; 

William  Hughes,  Efq;    His  Election  declared 
void,  and  a  new  Writ  iffued  "June  14. 

Francis  Swanton,  Efq\ 

Richard  Grobham  Howe^  Efq\ 
Downton  B.  Gyles  Eyre,  jun.  Efq; 

John  Elliot. 

Thomas  Jitz-James,  Efq\ 

William  Coles,  Efq\ 
Hindon  B.  Sir  Thomas  Thyn,  Knt. 

George  Grobham  Howe,  Efq; 

Edmund  Ludlow,  Efq\ 
Heyte/bury  B  Thomas  Moore,  Efq; 

John  Jolliffe,  Efq; 
Weflbury  B.  Richard  Lewes,.  Efq; 

William  Brunker,  Efqf 
Calne  B.  Edward  Bainton,  Efq; 

William  Ducket,  Efq; 
Devizes  B.  William  Lewis,  Efq; 

Robert  Aldworth,  Efq; 

'John  Norden^  Efq; 
Chippenbam  B.       Edward  Hungerford,  Efq; 

PIdward  Pool,  Efq; 
Malm/bury  B          Robert  Danvers,  Efq; 

Sir  Fran.  Hen.  Lee,  Bart. 
Gricklade  B.  Hungerford  Dunch,  Efq} 

Nevil  Madeline,  Efq; 
Bcdwin  B.  Robert  Spencer,  Efq; 

Thomas  Gape,  Efq; 

Sir  Walter  St.  John,  Bart. 

Sir  Rtlpb  Forney,  Knt. 



ludgerjhall  B. 

Old  Sarum. 

Wtoton-Bajffet  B 

Marlbcrougb  B. 

Worcefler  C. 

Droitwicb  B. 
Evejham  B. 

Bewdley  B. 

York  C. 

Klngfton  upon 

Knarejbrough  B. 

Scarbrougb  B. 

ENGLAND.  223 

William  Prynne,  Efq;  made  his  ElecUon  for 
£atb,  and  a  new  Writ  ordered  to  be  nTued 
May  3. 

William  Thomas,  Efq; 

Sir  John  Evelin. 

Seymour  Bowman,  Efq; 

John  Norden,  Efq; 

Algernon  Cecil,  Efq\ 

John  Pleydell,  Efq; 

Henry  Lord  Herbert,  made  his  EledVton  for 

Henry  Hungerford,  Efq; 

Jeffrey  Daniel,  Efq; 

Henry  Bromley,  Efq; 

John  Talbot,  Efq; 

Thomas  Street,  Efq; 

Thomas  Hall,  Efq; 

Samuel  Sandys,   Efq; 

Thomas  Coventry,  Efq; 

Sir  Thomas  Rous,  Bart. 

John  Egiocke,  Efq; 

Thomas  Foley,  Efq;. 

Thomas  Lord  Fairfax. 

John  Dawnay,  Efq; 

Sir  Thomas  Widdrington,  one  of  the  Lores 
CommiiTioners  of  the  Great  Seal  of  Ens- 

Metcalf  Robinfori,  Efq; 

John  Ramfden,  Efq; 

Andrew  Marvel,  Efq; 

William  Stockdale,  Efq; 

Henry  Bethell,  Efq; 

William  Thompfon,  Efq; 

Luke  Robinfpn,  Efq;  On  the  2lfl  of  June, 
1660,  Mr.  Robinfon  was  tlifcharged  by  an 
Order  of  the  Houfe  from  fitting,  and  a 
Writ  ordered  to  be  iffued  to  eledl  another 
in  his  room  ;  but  the  Journals  do'not  give 
us  the  Reafon  for  this  Expulfion. 

John  Legard,  Efa 

Henry  Arthington,  Efq; 

Edmund  Jennings,  Efq; 

John  Lambert,  Efqi  Richmond 

224  Tfo  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Richmond  B.          James  D'Arcy,  Efq; 

Sir  Chriftopher  Wyvell,  Bart. 
Heydm  B.  Col.  Hugh  Bethell. 

John   Clobery,  Efq;  made  his  Election  for 

Launcejlon.    New  Writ  iflued  July  6. 
fiorougbbridgt  B.   Conyers  D'Arcy,  Efq; 
Henry  Stapylton,  Efq; 
Th'trjk  B.  Barring  Bourchier,  Efq; 

William  Stanley,  Efq;  made  his  Election  for 

Liverpool.     New  Writ  iflued  May  15. 
Thomas  Harrifon,  Efq; 
Aldborough  B.         Solomon  Swale,  Efq; 

Francis  Goodrick,  Efq; 
Beverhy  B.  Sir  John  Hotham,  Bart. 

Col.  Hugh  Bethell,  made  his  Election  for  Hey- 
don.  New  Writ  ordered  to  be  iffued  May  22. 
Pontefraft  B.          Sir  George  Savile,  Bart. 
William  Lowther,  Efq; 
John  Hewly^  Efq; 
Lionel  Copley,  Efq; 
Malton  B.  Philip  Howard  Efq; 

Thomas  Heblethwayt,  Efq; 

Allerton  B  Francis  Lafcelles,  Efq;  expelled  the  Houfc 

"June  9,  rendered  incapable  of  bearing  any 
Office  of  public  Truft;  and  it  was  refolved 
that  he  mould  not  be  within  that  Claufe  of 
Exception  in  the  Act  of  general  Pardon, 
as  to  any  Fine  of  Forfeiture  of  any  Part  of 
his  Eftate  not  purchafed  of,  or  belonging 
to,  the  Public.  New  Writ  ordered  to  be 
iflued  "June  12. 
Thomas  Lafcelles,  Efq; 

CINQ^UE        PORTS. 

Ha/lings.  Denny  Alhburnham,  Efq; 

Nicholas  Delves,  Efq; 
Romney.  Sir  Norton  Knatchbull,  Bart. 

John  Knatchbull,  Efq,; 
Hythe.  Philip  Lord  Vifcdunt  Strangford. 

Phineas  Andrews,  Efq; 
Dover.  Edward  Montagu,  one  of  the  Generals  afc  Sea, 

Arnold  Bfaimes,  Efqj 





Anglesey.  ^ 
Beaumaris  B. 
Brecon  T. 
Cardigan  T? 

Carmarthen  T. 
Carnarvon  T, 
Denbigh  T» 
Flint  T. 





Montgomery  T, 


Pembroke  T. 

Henry  Oxenden,  Efq; 

James  Thurbarne,  Efc[i 

Sir  Thomas  Dike. 

George  Parker,  Efq; 

Herbert  Mor^ey,  Efq; 

William  Hay,  Efq; 

William   Howard,   fecond  Son  of  Edward 

Lord  Howard,  of  Efcrick. 
Samuel  Gott,  Jtfcj; 

Robert  Lord  Vifcount  Buckley, 

Radnor  T. 
VpL.  XXII, 

Griffith  Bodurda,  Efq; 

Sir  William  Lewis,  Bart, 

Sir  Henry  Williams, 

[May  1 6,  on  a  Petition  of  the  Freeholders  of 
\  this  County,  Writs  were  ordered  to  be  if? 
fued  for  the  Eledion  of  Members  for  the 
County  and  Town,  and  it  was  referred  to 
the  Committee  of  Privileges  and  Elections 
to  examine  into  the  Mifcarriage  of  th§ 
former  Writ  for  the  feid  Election* 

John  Lloyd,  Efq; 

Arthur  Annefley,  Efq; 

John  Glynn,  {Serjeant  at  Law, 

William  Glynn,  Efq; 

Sir  Thomas  Middleton,  I£nt. 

Sir  John  Carter,  of  Kimuel,  Knt. 
7  We  find  no  Return  for  thefe  two  Places.   If 
3      is  probable  the  Writ  mifcarriexl  in  the  farn§ 
Manner  as  that  for  Cardigan, 

Sir  Edward  Manfej,  Bart. 

.Bufley.Manfel,  Efq; 

Edmund  Merrick,  Efqj 

John  Purfell,  £% 

Thomas  Middjeton, 

Arthur  Owen,  Jtfq; 

Sir  Hugh  Owen,  Kt.  and  Bart.  Declar'd  void. 
New  Writ  ordered  to  be  jflued  June  %Q, 

William  Phillips,  Efq; 

George  Gwin,  Efq; 

Robert  parley, 

226       *fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORV 

The  'Journals  of  both  Houfes  now  begin  again, 
which  we  (hall  faithfully  abftract  up  to  our  deter- 
mined Period  ;  and  firft,  as  in  Juftice  it  is  due  to 
the  Upper  Houfe,  and  becaufe  we  have  been  long 
Strangers  to  them,  their  "Journals  muft  claim  the 
Preference.  And,  to  do  more  Honour  to  them,  we 
think  proper  to  give  their  firft  five  Days  Proceed- 
ings at  full  Length,  as  they  are  entered  on  their 

journals  of  the  jT);>  Mercurl  Viceffwio  Quinto  Die  Aprilis,  Anns 
Houfe  of  Lords  j      _£<£»/  Sereni/imi  Domini   noftri  Caroli  Secundi, 
Dei  Gratia  Angliae,  Scotiae,  Francias,  &  Hiber- 
niae,  Regis,  Fidel  Defenfor,  Duodecimo. 
PRAYERS  by  Mr.  Afhe. 
Domini  prefentes  fuerunt, 

The  Earl  of  Mancbefter  appointed  by  the  Lords 
to  be  Speaker  pro  Tempore^ 

The  Earls  of  Northumberland,  Lincoln,  Suffolk,  and 
Denbigh,  Vifcount  Say  and  Sele,  Lords  lVbartont 
Hunfdeny  Grey  de  Werk,  Maynard,  &c. 

Ordered,  That  Monday  next  be  appointed  to  be 
kept,  by  this  Houfe,, as  a  Day  of  Parting  and  Hu- 
miliation, for  feeking  a  Blefling  from  God  by  Prayer, 
upon  the  Meeting  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  in 
order  to  a  Settlement  of  this  Nation  ;  and  the  Place 
to  be  the  Abbey  Church  in  Wejlminfler  for  the 
Peers,  wherein  the  Houfe  of  Commons  are  to  be 
defired  to  do  the  like  for  their  Houfe. 

A  Meflage  was  fent  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
by  Mr.  Rich  and  Mr.  Eltonhead,  to  let  them  know 
that  the  Lords  have  appointed  to  keep  Monday  next 
as  a  Faft-Day,  for  feeking  of  God  for  a  Blefling  up- 
on the  Meeting  of  both  Houfes,  in  order  to  a  Settle- 
ment of  this  Nation,  and  to  defire  their  Concur- 
rence for  the  fame  Day  to  be  kept  as  a  Faft  by  their 

The  Earls  of  Northumberland  and  Lincoln,  the 
Lords  Wharton,  Hunfden,  and  Grey  de  Werk,  were 
appointed  to  confider  of  the  Draught  of  an  Order 
fw  Htnry  ScoMJ,  Efqj  t«  deliver  all  Afts,  Records, 

•  an* 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      ^^J 

and  Journal-Books,  and  all  Papers  and  Writings 
whatfoever,  that  are  in  his  Cuftody,  belonging  to  the 
Peers,  to  John  Brown,  Efq;  Qlerk  of  the  Parliament, 
and  lilcewife  the  Stone  Tower  ai}d  Dwelling-Houfe 
belonging  thereunto,  and  report  the  fame  (LQ  this 
Houfe.  Their  Lordfhips  to  meet  prefently, 

'  Refdlved,  That  George  Monke,  Efq;  is  nominar 
ted  and  appointed,  by  this  Houfe,  to  be  Captain* 
General  of  all  Land  Forces  in  England^  Scotland^ 
and  Ireland,  and  the  Concurrency  qf  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  be  defired  therein.' 

The  Earl  of  Lincoln  reported  from  the  Cortimit- 
tee  the  Order  concerning  the  Records  of  this  Houfe, 
•which  was  read  and  approved  of,  and  ordered  fp  be 
iigned  by  the  Speaker  of  this  Houfe,  viz, 

*  "T  "If  7"Hereas  Henry  Scobell,  Efq;  is  now  in  theorder 
«    VV     Poffeffion  of  the  Dwelling-Houfe  in  theSceteli 

to  Mf. 

«  Old  Palace  Yard  at  Weftmintter,  belonging  to  theuP       . 
«  Clerk  of  the  Parliament,  who  attends  as  Clerk  to°f  ' 

*  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  and  hath  in  his  Cuftody  the 

*  A6ts,  Journals,  and  other  Records  of  that  Houfe: 

*  It  is  ordered  by  the  Lords  in  Parliament,  That  th? 

*  faid  Henry  Scobell  {hall,  upon  Sight  hereof,  forth- 
«  with  deliver  unto  John  Prown,  Efq;  Clerk  of  the 

*  Parliament,  or  his  Aligns,  the  Poffeflion  of  a  cer- 

*  tain  Stone  Building,  ftanding  within  the  faid  Pwel- 

*  ling-  Houfe,  commonly  called  theT0wr,  wherein 

*  the  Records  were  ufually  kept,  and  the  Keys  an4 

*  other  Things  belonging  to  the  fame  ;   As  alfo  the 

*  A6ts,  Ordinances,  Journals,  Records,  Writings, 

*  and  Papers  appertaining,  or  any  wife  belonging  tQ 

*  the  faid  Office.     And  laftly,  That  the  faid  Henry 

*  Scobell  (ball  deliver  the  quiet  Poffeflion  of  the  fai$ 
<  Dwelling-Houfe,    with  the  Appurtenances,   untp 

*  the  faid  John  Brown,  or  his  Afligns,  within  four- 

*  teen  Days  next  after  the  Date  of  this  Order,  an4 

*  hereunto  Obedience  is  required  accordingly.' 

The  Earl  of  Northumberland,  Lord  Vifcount  Say 

and  Self,  with  the  Lords  IVbarton  and  Hunfden* 

were  appointed  to  confider  of  fuch  Lords  as  ftialj 

P  2  have 

228     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  have  Letters  written  to  them,  to  defire  their  Attend - 
l66o>       ance  on  this  Houfe.     To  meet  prefently  in  the 
^^^    Prince's  Lodgings. 

The  Lord  Wbartan  reported  the  Names  of  thofe 
Lords,  and  likewife  a  Draught  of  the  Letter,  which 
were  read  and  agreed  to,  viz. 

My  Lord, 

c  TT  Am  commanded  by  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  hereby 
'  J^  to,  fignify  their  Pleafures,  that  you  do  repair 
'  to  attend  the  Houfe  with  what  convenient  Speed 
'  you  can  :  And  fo  reft 

Tour  Lord/hip's  humble  Servant, 
MANCHESTER,   Speaker  pro  Tempore. 

The  Earls  of  Northumberland,  Suffolk,  and  Man- 
£be/hr,.Vlfcount  Say-&nd  Sele,  ajid  the  Lords  Hunf~ 
den,  Grey  de-  JVerk,  *nd  Maynard,  were  appointed 
by  the  Houfe  to  go  to  the  Lord-General  Monke  to 
deliver  this  MefTage  to  him,  from  the  Lords  in  Par- 
liament, and  the  Earl  of  Mancbejler,  Speaker,  was 
to  fpeak  it,  viz. .  , 

«  rip  HE  Peers  in  Parliament,  a'flembletj,  have 
_J_  commanded  me  to  own  your  Lordfliip's 
Valour  and  Prudence  in  managing  the  great  Affairs 
intrufted  to  you ;  and  they  likewife  return  your 
Lorclfhip  their 'Acknowledgements  for  the  Care  and 
Refpe&s.  which  you- have  exprefled  to  the  Peers, 
in  reftoring  them  to  their  antient  and  undoubted 
Rights.  And  they  hope  that  God  'will  ftill  blefs 
you  in  the  Ufe  of  all  Means  for  the' procuring  a  fafe 
and  well-grounded  Peace,  according  to  the  antient 
fundamental  Government  of  this  Nation,  wherein 
they  (hall  employ  their  Councils  and  utmoft  Endea- 
vours in  Concurrence  with  you.' 

.  Ptft  Meridiem. 
PRAYER'S  by  Mr.  Rood. 

Domini  prefentes  fuervnt, 

The  Earl  of  Mancbefter,  Speaker  pro  Tempore, 

The  Earls  ©f  Nertlwmhrland,  Lincoln^  Suffolk,  &c, 

*"  Or-. 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        229 

«  Ordered,  That  Dr.  Reynolds  and  Mr.  Hardy  are  Inter-regnum. 
appointed  to  preach   before  the  Lords  on  Monday        1660. 
next,  being  the  Faft-Day  ;  and  that  the  Houfe  be  ^"""T^T  J 
called  To-morrow.' 

Die  Jovisj  viz.  26°  Die  jfpri/is,  1660. 

PRAYERS   by  Air.  Hodges. 

Domini  prefentcs  fuarunt, 

The  Earl  of  Manchefttr,  Speaker  pro  Tempore,   . 
The  Earls  of  Northumberland  ',  Pembroke^  Lincoln^ 

The  Meflengers  fent  Yefterday  to  the  Houfe  cf 
Commons  return  with  this  Anfwer,  That  they 
concur  with  this  H'oufe  in  keeping  Monday  next  a 

*  Ordered,  That  Francis  Tyton  and  Jubn  Ma- 
cocke  arc  appointed  to  be  Printers  to  this  Houfe,  .up- 
on fuch  Conditions  as  the  Clerk  of  the  Parliament 
ftiall  think  fit.' 

'*  Ordered,  That  the  antient'Order  of  this  .Houfe 
be  revived  for  the  Lords  to  pay  corning  after  Pray- 
ers, viz*  every  Earl  2s.  and  every  Baron  is.' 

The  Earls  of  Northumberland,  Lincoln  ,  Dorfet, 
cff-r.  were  ordered  to  prepare  an  Ordinance  in  pur- 
fuance  of  the  Vote  made  Yefterday  by  this  Houfe, 
concerning  the  Lord-General  Monke.  Their  Lord- 
fhips,  or  any  four  of  them,  to  .  meet  To-morrow 
Morning  at  iii^ht  of  the  Clock,  and  Mr.  Rich  and 
Mr.  Eltonhead  to  b'e  Ailiftants. 

The  Roll  of  the'  ftanding  Orders  of  this  H»ufs 
was  read. 

The  Earl  of  Manchefter  reported  that  his  Lord-' 
fhip  and  the  reft  of  the  Lords  Committees  delivered 
to  General  Monke  what  this  Houfe''  had  dire6ted 
Yefterday;  and  the  General  exprefled  himfclf  to 
this  Effeci  :  '  That  he  took  it  for  a  great  Honour  and 
Civility  from  the  Houfe  of  Peers  ;  and  faid  he  would 
be  ready  to  carry  on  all  Things  that  tend  to  the 
Safety  and  Settlement  of  this  Nation;  and  defir'd  that 
P  3  their 

£30       9?>g  Parliamentary  Hist oftir 

eir  Lordfhips  would  be  pleafed  to  look  forward  anil 
not  backward,  in  tranfa&ing  of  Affairs.' 

April<  A  Meflage  was  brought  From  the  Houfe  of  Com* 

mons  by  James  Herbert,  Efq;  who  faid  he  was  com- 
manded by  the  Knights,  Citizens,  artd  Burgefles  of 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  in  Parliament  aflembled,  to 
acquaint  this  Houfe,  that  they  have  refolved  that 
this  Day  Fortnight  be  fet  apart  for  a  Day  of  Thankf- 
giving  to  the  Lord,  for  railing  up  his  Excellency  the 
Lord-General,  and  other  eminent  Perfons  who  have 
been  inftrumental  in  the  Delivery  of  this  Nation 
from  Thraldom. 

Alfo  that  they  have1  refolved,  That  this  Day  Fort- 
night be  the  Day  fet  apart  for  a  Day  of  Thankfgi- 
ving  for  that  Houfe,  and  within  the  Cities  of  London 
and  Weftminjler,  and  late  Lines bf  Communication; 
and  this  Day  Month  for  the  whole  Nation. 

To  all  which  the  Houfe  of  Commons  defire  their 
IfOrdfhipS  Concurrence. 

The  Anfwer  returned  to  this  Meflage  from  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  was,  That  the  Lords  do,  with 
thankful  Hearts,  acknowledge  God's  great  Mercy  iri 
delivering  them  out  of  their  long  Thraldom,  Con- 
fufion,  and  Mifery,  and  do  fully  concur  with  you 
in  fetting  apart  thofe  public  Days  of  Thankfgiving. 

«  Ordered,  That  thefe  Votes  be  forthwith  printed 
and  publifhed.' 

4  Ordered,  That  Mr.  Henry  Barhr,  Deputy  to 
Valentine  Willis,  Clerk  of  the  Crown  in  Chancery, 
be  admitted  to  fit  in  this  Houfe  as  an  Afliftant,  it 
appearing  to  this  Houfe,  by  Patent  under  the  Great 
Seal  of  England^  granted  by  the  late  King,  that  the 
laid  Mr.  Willis  had  a  good  Title  to  the  faid  Office, 
and  had  Power  to  make  a  Deputy. 

Die  Veneris,  viz.  27°  Die  Apr  His,  1660. 
PRAYERS  by  Mr.  Hodges. 

Domini  prefentes  fuerunt, 

The  Earl  of  Mancbefter,  Speaker  pro  Tempers, 

The  Earls  of  Oxen,  Northumberland^  Derby,  o*. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      231 

e  Ordered,  That  Mr.  Hodges  is  appointed  to  preach 
before  the  Lords,  the  next  Day  of  Thankfgiving,  in 
the  Abbey  Church.' 

Signification  being  given  to  the  Houfe,  that  divers 
Lords  were  in  the  Lobby,  ready  to  attend  the  Ser- 
vice of  this  Houfe,  having  never  fat  in  Parliament 
lince  the  Death  of  their  Anceftors,  the  Houfe  gave 
the  Gentleman  Ufher  Authority  to  call  them  in  to 
fit  in  their  Places  in  this  Houfe.  The  Names  of  the 
aforefaid  Lords  were,  the  Earls  of  Oxon,  Derby^ 
and  Stafford^  Lord  VifcountConway,  and  the  Lords 
Cromwell^  Gerrard,  Tenham,  and  Capell. 

'  Ordered,  That  the  Speaker  of  this  Houfe  do 
write  feveral  and  refpective  Letters  to,  the  Earls  of 
Leicejter,  Bedford,  and  Clare,  and  Lord  Paget,  to 
give  their  Attendance  on  this  Houfe  as  Peers.' 

The  Earls  of  Oxon,  Northumberland,  Rutland,&c. 
were  ordered  to  frame  an  Ordinance  for  the  confli- 
tuting  of  a  Committee  of  Safety  of  both  Houfes,  and 
to  report  the  fame  to  this  Houfe.  Their  Lordmips, 
or  any  four,  to  meet  when  they  pleafe. 

4  Refolved,  That  the  Earl  of  Manchefter  is  here- 
by nominated  and  appointed  one  of  the  Commif- 
fioners  of  the  Great  Seal  of  England,  and  to  fend  to 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  for  their  Concurrence.' 

Lords  Committees  appointed  to  confider  of  the 
Privileges  of  this  Houfe,  viz.  Earls  of  Oxon,  Nor- 
thumberland, Derby,  &c.  Their  Lordfhips,  or  any 
nine  of  them,  to  meet  in  the  Prince's  Lodgings  when 
they  pleafe,  and  to  adjourn  from  Time  to  Time,  as 
they  fhall  fee  Caufe. 

'  Ordered,  That  it  is  referred  to  the  Lords  Com- 
mittees for  Privileges  to  confider  of  the  different 
Cafes  of  thofe  Lords  that  have  late  come. to  fit  in 
this  Houfe,  and  thofe  that  do  not;  and  alfo  what  Af- 
fiftants  that  formerly  fat  in  this  Houfe,  and  arc  now 
alive  and  capable  of  being  admitted,  to  be  Afliftants 
to  this  Houfe.' 

'  Ordered,  That  a  Conference  be  had  with  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  to  confider  of  fome  Way  and 
Means  to  be  found  out  to  make  up  the  Breaches  and 
Diftracliorrs  of  .this  Kingdom.  This  Conference 



r-Wghnih.  to  be  on  Txefday  Morning  next  in  the  Painted* 

•        Chamber  :'  And  the  Earls  of  0#0«,  Northumberland^ 

VJ]"*^    Bedford,  &c.  were  appointed  to  confider  and  drav* 

up  Heads  for  this  Conference.    Their  Lordfhips,  of 

any  feven  of  them,  to  meet  To-morrow  in  the* 

Prince's  Lodgihgs  at  Nine  of  the  Clock. 

A  Meflage  was  fent  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
by  Mr.  Rich  and  Mr.  Eltonhead^  to  defire  a  Confe- 
rence on  Tuefday  Morning  next,  at  Ten  of  the 
Clock,  in  the  Painted-Chamber,  in  order  to  the  Set- 
tlement of  the  great  Affairs  of  this  Kingdom. 


Die  Luna,  viz.  30°  Die  Aprilis^  i66o> 

PRAYERS  by  Mr.  Reynolds. 

Domini  prefentes  fuerunt, 

The  Earl  of  Manchefter,  Speaker  pro  Temporet 

The  Earls  of  Bedford,  Pembroke,  Lincoln,  &c. 

'  Ordered,  That  the  Lords  of  this  Houfe  do  re-» 
Ceive  Sacrament  in  the  Abbey-  Church  of  Wcftmin* 
Jier;  and,  as  concerning  the  Time,  it  is  referred  to 
the  Committee  of  Privileges  to  confider  of  it,  and 
report  the  fame  to  this  Houfe.' 

*  Ordered,  That  the  Lady  Suffex  and  her  Chil- 
dren fball  have  a  Pafs  to  go  into  France  for  their 
Health,  with  their  Servants  and  neceflary  Attend- 
ants, and  fuch  Horfes  as  are  convenient  for  their 

The  Lords,  before  they  went  to  the  Faft-  Ser- 
mons, made  a  Collection  for  the  Poor,  which  was  to 
be  diftributed  as  the  Houfe  fhould  thereafter  appoint* 

Then  the  Lords  went  from  this  Houfe  together, 
in  their  Order,  to  keep  the  Faft  in  the  Abbey- 

epdings  of       The  'Journals  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  begin 

Houie  of   W5th  acquainting  us,  That,  on  the  Day  of  their 

»««.         Meeting,  the  Members  of  that  Houfe  firft  went  to 

Margaret's  Church,  Weftminfter,  to  hear  a  Sermon, 

and  then  repaired  to  their  own  Houfe  ;  where,  on  a 

Motion  made  by  Mr.  Pierepoint,  §\T  HarbottleGrim- 

fan  was  chofen  Speaker,  and  placed  in  the  Chair  by 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       233 

the  Lord-General  Monke™,  Mr.  Holies,  and  the  faid 
Mr.  Pier  f point.  Next  William  Je/cp,  Efq;  James 
Northfolk,  Efq;  and  Ralph  Darnall^  Efq;  were  cho- 
fen  Clerk,  Serjeant  at  Arms,  and  Clerk-Affiftant,  of 
the  Commons  Houfe  of  Parliament. 

The  Clerk  of  the  Crown  attended  with  a  Book, 
containing  an  Account  of  the  Members  chofen  to 
ferve  in  this  prefent  Parliament,  by  which  the  Houfe 
•was  called  over;  and  thofe  Members  who  were  pre- 
fent did,  upon  their  Naming,  withdraw  into  the 
Committee  Chambers  and  Gallery  above.  After- 
wards, when  the  Book  was  gone  through,  they  re- 
turned and  took  their  Places  in  the  Houfe. 

On  a  Meflage  from  the  Lords,  the  Houfe  agreed 
to  hold  a  Faft  on  Monday  the  joth  ;  and  that  Mr. 
Calamy^  Dr.  Gauden,  and  Mr.  Baxter,  be  defired  to 
aflift  in  carrying  on  the  Work  of  Fafting  and  Hu- 
miliation, on  that  Day,  at  Margaret's  Church, 
IVeJlminfter,  in  order  to  feek  the  Lord  for  a  Blef- 
ilng  on  thefe  diftra&ed  Nations.  So  long  did  the 
canting  Expreflions  of  the  former  Zealots  continue 
in  Ufe. 

A  large  Committee  for  Privileges  and  EleSions 
XVas  appointed,  with  full  Powers  for  that  Purpofe. 

'  Ordered,  That  all  Perfons  who  will  queftion 
Elections  now  returned,  do  it  within  fourteen  Days, 
and  fo  on  within  the  fame  Time,  after  any  new  Re 

lurn. A  Day  of  Thankfgiving  to  the  Lord  was 

appointed,  for  raifmg  up  his  Excellency  the  Lord- 
General,  and  other  eminent  Perfons,  who  have  been 
inftrumental  in  the  Delivery  of  this  Nation  from 
Thraldom  and  Mifery.  May  the  loth  to  be  the 
Day,  and  that  the  Lords  Concurrence  be  defired 
herein.'  Ordered,  alfo,  '  That  Mr.  Price,  the  Lord- 
GeneraPs  Chaplain,  (Author  of  the  Hiftory  fo  of- 
ten quoted)  be  defired  to  carry  ort  the  Work  of 
Thankfgiving,  before  this  Houfe,  at  Margaret's 


fa  The  General  was  e'efted  a  Member,  tinanirrtoufly.  !iy  the  Uni- 
Verfity  of  Cambridge ;  which  Honour,  Dr.  Gamble  fays,  he  ever  re- 
membered with  Thankfulnefs.  But  being  at  the  fame  Time  re- 
turned one  of  the  Knights  of  the  Shiie  for  the  County  of  Devon,  he 
cnofe  to  feprefent  the  latter  as  his  native  Country. 

i>r,  GtanJ/ir'e  <LJfc  ol  General  Mon'te,  p.  aS8» 

234        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

jnter-regnnm.  Church,  Weftminfter ;  and  that  Dr.  Clargis  do  give 

1660.         h^  >J0tice  thereof.' 

^—p^p-'  *  Refolved,  That  his  Excellency  the  Lord-General 
Monke  have  the  Recognition,  Acknowledgement, 
and  hearty  Thanks  of  this  HoUfe,  for  his  eminent 
and  unparallel'd  Services  done  to  thefe  Nations. 
Accordingly  the  Speaker  gave  the  Thanks  of  the 
Houfe  to  the  Lord -General,  ftanding  in  his  Place, 
to  the  Effect  following: 

Solemn  Thanks  '  That  he  was  commanded  by  this  Houfe  to  take 
givm  to  General  Notice  of  his  eminent  Services,  his  Wifdom  being 
Mmke.  fuch,  and  God  having  fo  bleffed  him  in  his  great 

Affairs,  that  he  hath  made  a  Conqueft  of  thofe  who 
are  Enemies  and  difaffe&ed  to  the  Government, 
Happinefs,  and  Welfare  of  this  Church  and  State* 
without  a  bloody  Nofe  :  That  this  hath  much  ad- 
vanced the  Honour  of  his  Services,  having  been  ef- 
fected without  the  Expence  of  Blood  or  Treafure, 
of  both  which  the  Nation  had  been  fo  much  ex- 
haufted,  that  nothing  but  a  Neceflity  could  rationally 
have  fatisfied  any  Man  to  draw  out  more  :  That  his 
Lord(hip  hath  been  our  Phyfician,  and  hath  cured 
us  with  his  Lenitives  :  That  Statues  have  heretofore 
been  fet  up  for  Perfons  meriting  much  of  their  Coun- 
try ;  but  his  Lordfhip  hath  a  Statue  fet  up  higher, 
and  in  another  Place,  as  high  as  may  be,  in  the 
Hearts  of  all  Well- wi (hers  to  the  Good  of  this  Na- 
tion, and  a  Crown  of  Glory,  he  doubts  not,  laid  up 
for  him  in  Heaven  :  That  God  hath  made  him 
inftrumental,  by  his  helping  Hand,  to  keep  the  Na- 
tion from  finking,  when  no  Way  was  reprefented 
to  our  Underftanding,  whence  Deliverance  fhould 
arife  ;  fo  that  God's  raifing  him  up,  accompanying, 
blefling,  and  aflifting  him  in  his  Counfels,  in  fuch 
fort  as  to  accomplifn  his  Work  to  that  Height,  can- 
r.ot  be  otherwife  owned  by  thofe  that  look  upon  him, 
and  his  Actions,  than  as  a  Miracle  :  And  therefore, 
in  the  Name  of  the  Houfe,  he  returns  to  his  Lord- 
fhip  the  hearty  Thanks  of  this  Houfe  ;  adding,  he 
was  fure  his  Lord  {hip  would  beiieve  it  if  he  had  not 
laid  fo.' 


Of   £  N  G  L  A  N  D.        235 

Then  it  was  refolved,  That  Col.  Ingoldfoy  (hould  in 
have  the  Thanks  of  the  Houfe,   for  his  former  and        ^1660. 
late  great  and  eminent  Services  done  for  this  Nation,        T*T 
which  the  Speaker  accordingly  gave  him  to  the  Ef- 
fect following : 

«  That  he  is  commanded  by  the  Houfe  to  take 
Notice  of  his  former  Services,  and  of  his  late  Action, 
wherein  God  hath  made  him  inftrumental  to  do  fo 
great  and  eminent  a  Service  to  the  Nation,  for  which 
he  returns  him  their  hearty  Thanks ;  having  made 
him  as  high  in  Favour  as  he  is  in  his  own  Merit> 
for  adventuring  himfelf  fo  far  in  the  public  Caufe  j 
and  that  the  Houfe's  good  Acceptance  thereof  is  the 
more  valuable,  being  taken  Notice  of  on  the  fame 
Day  with  the  great  Services  performed  for  the  Na-1 
lion  by  his  Excellency  the  Lord-General/ 

April  27.  The  Houfe  of  Commons  did  nothing 
material  on  this  Day,  but  hear  a  Report  from  the 
Committee  of  Privileges  and  Elections,  concerning 
feveral  double  Returns,  &c.  at  the  End  of  which  it 
was  ordered,  That  the  great  Bufinefs,  touching  the 
Settlement  of  thefe  Nations,  be  taken  into  Confi- 
deration  on  Tuejday  the  firft  of  May  next,  at  Eight 
o'Clock  j  to  which  Day  the  Houfe  adjourned  itfelf, 
referving  Power  to  all  Committees  to  fit  and  acfc  in 
the  mean  Time,  notwithstanding  this  Adjournment. 

During  this  fhort  Interval  of  the  Commons,  for  A  fho 
the  Lords  did  not  adjourn  at  all,  there  happened  andote- 
Affair,  which  Dr.  Price  hath  given  us,  and  is  a 
Piece  of  fecret  Hiftory  very  neceflary  to  be  known 
previous  to  their  next  Meeting.  This  Author  tells 
us,  '  That,  in  this  (hort  Recefs,  the  General  and 
Sir  John  Grenville  confulted  together  about  the  De- 
•  ivery  of  his  Meflagc,  Letters,  faff,  from  his  Majefty 
to  both  Houfes.  That  which  was  fuperfcribed  to 
the  General,  to  be  by  him  communicated  to  the 
Army  and  Council  of  State,  was,  by  his  Appoint- 
ment, delivered  to  him  at  the  Door  of  the  Council- 
Chamber,  where  Grenvllle  attended,  and  into  which, 
as  Col.  Birch,  one  of  the  Members  of  it,  was  en- 
tering, GrtttvjBii  requefted  him  (but  unknown)  that 


236       The  Parliamentary  His  TOR  V 

!nttr-regnum.  he  might  fpeak  with  my  Lord-General ;  who,  upon 
1660.  Birch's  Intimation,  came  to  the  Door,  and  there,  in 

V^V7"*'  tne  Sight  of  his  Guards  attending,  received  Gren- 
ville's  Letters,  but  not  with  much  Regard  either  to 
his  Perfon  or  his  Bufinefs ;  of  which  the  General 
ieemed  to  underftand  fomewhat  by  the  Seal,  and 
afked  him  if  he  would  ftay  there  till  he  had  his  An- 
fwer,  otherwife  his  Guards  fhould  fecure  him,  com- 
manding them  to  look  to  him;  So  his  Excellency 
produceth  his  Letters  to  the  Council  of  State,  Gren- 
vi/le  is  fent  for  in,  and  Birch  protefted  that  he  neither 
knew  the  Gentleman  nor  his  Bufinefs.  The  Lord  - 
Prefident  of  the  Council  examined  Grenville  from 
whence  thofe  Letters  came,  whofe  they  were,  and 
how  he  came  by  them,  (for  as  yet  they  were  not- 
opened)  he  told  the  Prefident  that  the  King,  his 
Mafter,  gave  him  them  with  his  own  Hands  at  Bre- 
da :  So  the  opening  of  them  was  deferred  till  the 
Parliament  fat.  Grenville  was  to  have  been  fent 
into  Cuftody,  but  the  General  was  his  Bail,  who 
faid  he  knew  the  Gentleman,  (being  his  near  Kinf- 
man)  and  would  take  his  Parole  to  appear  before 
the  Parliament.' 

It  is  eafy  to  fee  by  this  Quotation  from  the  Re- 
verend Author,  which  we  have  given  verbatim,  that 
the  General  had  thought  it  his  Intereft  to  carry  on 
the  Delufion  to  the  laft.  But  now,  he  adds,  the 
Mankes  Hood  was  to  be  taken  off,  and  the  General 
was  to  declare  his  Attachment  to  the  King  and 
Royal  Family  in  full  Parliament.  How  far  this 
Chicanery  was  commendable  we  fhall  not  deter- 
mine ;  'tis  plain  he  gained  his  Point  quite  thro'  by 
the  deeped  Diffimulation,  and  waded  thro'  feme  very 
dirty  Ways  to  come  at  it.  But,  if  we  may  believe 
our  Reverend  Writer,  his  Mafter  defigned  to  have 
played  a  nobler  Game,  if  this  he  was  ading  fhould 
be  circumvented.  t  For,  on  Lambert's  Efcape,  and 
his  taking  the  Field,  he  fent  for  Sir'Jobn  Grenville , 
and  told  him,  '  That  if  Col.  Ingoldfby  was  beaten, 
and  the  Army  went  over  to  follow  Lambert,  he  was 
rcfolved  then  to  put  off  his  Difguife,  declare  the 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         237 

King's  Commiflion,  own  it  for  the  Authority  by  inter-«enu«. 
which  he  adted,  and  commiffion  the  Royal  Party        l66°- 
into  Arms  in  all  Places  throughout  England,  Scot-    <*""TV"T*"^ 
land,  and  Ireland ;  Wherefore  he  required  Sir  "John 
to  attend  him,  and  receive  Orders  from  him  for  his 
Majefty's  Service. 

'*A\  •  •  *  *   '*  •         *     i  '  *  *  v 

But  Providence  directed  the  King's  Return  by 
milder  Ways  ;  for,  on  the  firft  of  May,  when  the 
two  Houfes  were  met,  after  the  Lords  had  done 
fome  other  Bufmefs,  and  ordered  a  Call  of  their 
Houfe  to  be  on  the  ^d  Jnftant,  they  were  informed, 
That  there  was  a  Gentleman,  Sir  John  Grenville, 
in  the  Lobby,  who  had  a  Letter  to  deliver  to  this 
Houfe  from  the  King ;  the  Houfe  thereupon  was 
adjourned  during  Pleafure,  and  the  Speaker  was 
appointed  to  go  to  the  lower  End  of  this  Houfe,  and 
receive  it  at  the  Hands  of  the  MefTenger. 

The  Houfe  being  refumed,  the  Speaker  reported, 
That  Sir  John  Grenville  delivered  to  him  a  Letter, 
which  he  faid  he  received  from  the  King,  his  Mailer, 
to  deliver  to  the  Houfe  of  Peers.  Hereupon  the 
Houfe  commanded  the  faid  Letter,  with  a  Declara- 
tion inclofed  therein,  to  be  read  twice;  which  was 
done  accordingly,  and  are  as  follow  : 

To  the  SPEAKER  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS,    and  to 
the  LORDS  there  affembled, 


Right  Trufty  and  Right  Well-beloved  Coufms,  and 
Right  Trufty  and  Well-beloved,  we  Greet  you 
.well : 

cannot  have  .a  better  Reafon  to  promife  our-  The  King's  I,?*, 
f elf  an  End  of  our  common  Sufferings  and  Ctf-ter  to  the  HQ^;? 
/amities,  and  thai  cur  own  jujl  Power  and  Authority01  Peers> 
willt  with  God's  Elejjing,  be  reftored  to  us,  than  that 
we  hear  you  are  <?gain  acknowledged  to  have  that  Au- 
thority and  Jurifdifiion  which  bath  always  belonged 
to  you  by  your:  Birth,  and  the  Fundamental  Laws  of 
the  Land :  And  we  have  thought  it  very  Jit  and  fafe 
for  us  to  (all  to  you  for  your  Jdelp  in  the  cumpojjng  the 

238        *Fhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

later-  r«gnum.  confounding  Diftempers  and  Dijiraftions  of  the  King* 
1660,  dem^  jn  which  your  Sufferings  are  next  to  thofe  wt 

^^~^~r  ~~*  have  undergone  oyrfelf;  and  therefore  you  cannot  but 
1  *  be  the  mo  ft  proper  Counfellors  for  removing  thofe  Mif- 
(hiefs,  and  for  preventing  the  like  for  the  future* 
How  great  a  Truft  we  repofe  in  you,  for  the  procu- 
ring and  ejlablijhing  a  blej/ed  Peace  and  Security  for 
the  Kingdom  ,  will  appear  to  you  by  our  inclofed  De- 
claration ;  which  Truft,  we  are  moft  confident,  you 
will  discharge  with  that  "Juftice  and  Wifdom  that 
becomes  ynu,  and  mujl  always  be  expetled  from  you  j 
and  that,  upon  your  Experience  how  one  Violation 
Jucceeds  another,  when  the  known  Relations  and  Rules 
efjujlice  are  once  tranfgreffid,  you  will  be  as  jealous 
for  ike  Rights  of  the  Crown,  and  for  the  Honour  of 
your  King,  as  for  yourfelves,  and  then  you  cannot  but 
difcharge  your  Truft  with  good  Succefs,  end  provide 
for  and  eJJailiJh  the  Peace,  Happinefs,  and  Honour 
of  King,  Lords,  and  Commons,  upon  that  Founda- 
tion which  can  only  fupport  it,  and  we  jhall  be  all 
happy  in  each  other  :  And  as  the  whole  Kingdom  will 
blefs  God  for  you  all,  fo  we  Jhall  hold  ourfelf  ebligedt 
in  an  efpecial  Manner,  to  thank  you  in  particular,  ac- 
cording to  the  dffettion  you  Jhall  exprefs  towards  us. 
We  need  the  lefs  enlarge  to  you  upon  this  SubjetJ,  be- 
caufe  we  have  likewife  writ  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons* 
which  we  fuppofe  they  iviil  communicate  to  you  ;  and 
we  pray  Gad  to  blefs  your  joint  Endeavours  for  the 
Good  of  us  all  :  And  fo  we  bid  you  very  heartily 
Farewell,  Given  at  our  Court  at  Breda,  this  ^  Day 
of  April,  1660,  in  the  twelfth  Year  of  our  Reign. 

His  Majefty's  Declaration  from  Breda  to  all  hif, 
loving  Subje&s,  inclofed  in  the  foregoing. 


Hi.  Majefty*,   /CHARLES,  by  the  Grace  of  God, 


|  lvi^  Scotlan(J}  FrancCj  ^  Infa*,  Defender 
of  the  Faith,  &c.  To  all  cur  loving  Subjefts,  of 
what  Degree  or  Quality  foever,  Greeting. 

If  the  general  Diflraffion  and  Ccnfufian  which  h 
resd  over  the  whole  Kingdom^  doth  net  awaken 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         239 

all  Men  to  a  Defire  and  Longing  that  thofe  Wounds,  Inter-regnum. 
which  have  fo  many  Tears  together  been  kept  bleeding,  l66o« 
may  le  bound  up,  all  we  can  fay  will  be  to  no  Pur-  **— '""v"^-1' 
pofe  j  however,  after  this  long  Silence,  we  have  thought 
it  our  Duty  to  declare  how  much  we  dejire  to  contri- 
bute thereunto  ;  and  that  as  ive  can  never  give  ever 
the  Hope,  in  good  Time,  to  obtain  the  PoJJeJfion  of  that 
Right  which  God  and  Nature  hath  made  our  Due  ; 
fo  we  do  make  it  our  daily  Suit  to  the  Divine  Provi- 
dence, that  he  will,  in  Compajffion  to  us  and  our  Sub- 
jetls,  after  fo  long  Mifery  and  Bufferings,  remit,  and. 
put  us  into  a  quiet  and  peaceable  PoJJejJion  of  that  our 
Right,  with  as  little  Blood  and  Damage  to  our  People 
as  is  pojjible  ;  nor  do  we  dejire  more  to  enjoy  what  is 
ours,  than  that  all  our  Subjefts  may  enjoy  what  by 
Law  is  theirs,  by  a  full  and  entire  Adminiftration  of 
"Juftice  throughout  the  Land,  and  by  extending  our 
Mercy  where  it  is  wanted  and  deferved. 

And  to  the  End  that  the  Fear  of  Punijhment  may 
not  engage  any  confcious  to  themfelves  of  what  is  pa  ft, 
to  a  P  erf  ever  ance  in  Guilt  for  the  future,  by  oppofmg 
the  £)uiet  and  Happinefs  of  their  Country,  in  the  Re- 
Jloration  both  of  King,  Peers,  and  People  to  their 
juft,  antient,  and  Fundamental  Rights,  we  do,  by 
thefe  Prefents,  declare,  That  we  do  grant  a  free  and 
general  Pardon,  which  we  are  ready,  upon  Demand^ 
to  pafs  under  our  Great  Seal  of  England,  to  all  our 
Subjects,  of  what  Degree  cr  Duality  j a  ever,  who, 
within  forty  Days  after  the  publi/bing  hereof,  Jhall  lay 
hold  upon  this  cur  Grace  and  Favour,  and  Jhall,  by 
any  public  Afl,  declare  their  doing  fo,  and  that  they 
return  to  the  Loyalty  and  Obedience  of  good  Subjects  -, 
excepting  only  fuch  Per  fens  as  foa'l  hereafter  be  ex- 
cfpted  by  Parliament,  thofe  only  to  be  exempted.  Let  all 
our  Subjects,  how  faulty  foevcr,  rely  upon  the  Word 
fif  a  King,  j'olemnly  given  by  this  prefent  Declaration, 
*Tbat  no  Crime  whatfoevcr,  committed  againjl  us  or  our 
Royal  Fatter  before  the  Publication  of  this,  Jhall  ever 
rife  in  judgment,  cr  be  brought  in  ^uejlicn,  againft 
any  of  them,  to  the  hajl  Endamagement  of  them,  either 
in  their  Lives,  Liberties,  or  E/tates,  or  (as  far  forth 
as  lift  in  onr  Power)  fo  much  as  to  the  Prejudice  of 



240       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter- regnum.  their  Reputations,  by  any  Reproach  or  Term  of  Di~ 

1660..       ftinftion  from  the  reft  of  our  bejl  Subjects  j  we  de- 

**"TvT~'lJ    firing  and  ordaining,  that  henceforth  all  Notes  of  Dif- 

cord,  Separation,  and  Difference  of  Parties  be  utterly 

abolijhed  among  all  our  Subjects,  whom  we  invite  and 

conjure  to  a  per f eft  Union  among  themf elves,  under  our 

ProteStion^ for  the  Re-fettlement  of  our  jujl  Rights 

and  theirs,  in  a  Free  Parliament,  by  which,  upon  the 

Word  of  a  King,  we  wilt  be  advifed. 

And  becaufe  the  PaJJion  and  Uncharitablenefs  of  the 
Times  have  produced  feveral  Opinions  in  Religion,  by 
which  Men  are  engaged  in  Parties  and,  Animofities 
again/I  each  other,  (which,  when  they  Jhall  hereafter 
unite  in  a  Freedom  of  Converfation,  will  be  compofed^ 
or  better  under/load)  we  do  declare  a  Liberty  to  tender 
Consciences,  and  that  no  Man  Jball  be  difquieied  or 
called  in  ^uejlion,  for  Differences  of  Opinion  in 
Matter  of  Religion,  which  do  not  dijlurb  the  Peace 
f  the  Kingdom  ;  and  thai  we  Jhall  be  ready  to  con- 
ent  to  fuch  an  Aft  of  Parliament,  cs,  upon  mature 
Deliberation,  Jhall  be  offered  to  us,  for  the  full  grant- 
ing that  Indulgence* 

And  becaufe,  in  the  continued  Dijlrafiion:  offo  many 
Years,  and  fo  many  and  great  Revolutions,  many 
Grants  and  Purchafes  of  Ejlates  have  been  made  to, 
and  by,  many  Officers,  Soldiers,-  and  others ;  who  are 
now  pojfejfid  of  the  fame,  and  who  may  be  liable  to 
Actions  at  Law  upon  feveral  Titles,  we  are  like- 
wife  willing  that  all  fuch  Differences,  and  all  Things 
relating  to  fuch  Grants,  Sales,  and  Purchafes,  Jhall 
be  determined  in  Parliament ;  which  can  bejt  provide 
for  the  juft  Satisfaction  of  all  Men  who  are  concerned. 
And  we  do  further  declare,  That  we  will  be  ready 
to  confent  to  c.ny  AcJ  or  Affs  of  Parliament  to''  the 
Purpofes  aforefaid,  and  for  the  full  Satisfaction  of 
all  Arrears  due  to  the  Officers  and  Soldiers  of  the  Ar- 
my under  the  Command  of  General  Monks  ;  and  that 
they  Jhall  be  received  into  our  Service  upon  as  good 
Pay  and  Conditions  as  they  now  enjoy. 

Given  under  our  Sign  Manual  and  Privy-Signet, 
at  our  Court  at  Breda,  this  ^  Day  of  April, 
i(?6o,  in  tUc  twelfth  Year  of  our  Reign. 


Of    ENGLAND.        241 

May  i,  In  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  Mr.  Annejley  Inter-regnam, 
reported  from  the  Council  of  State,  a  Letter  from        l66o< 
the  King,  unopened,  directed  To  our  Trufty  and  Well-  *~J"r7,v~ 
beloved  General  Monlce,  to  be  communicated  to  the  Pre- 
fident  and  Council  of  State.)  and  to  tbt  Officers  of  the 
Armies  under  his  Command*  being  received  from  the 
Hands  of  Sir  John  Grenville. 

The  Houfe  being  informed  that  Sir  John  Gren- 
•ville,  a  MefTenger  from  the  King,  was  at  the  Door, 
it  was  refolved  that  he  fhould  be  called  in ;  which 
being  done,  and  he  at  the  Bar,  after  QbejfancQ 
made,  faid, 

'  Mr.  Speaker,  I  am  commanded  by  the  King, 
my  Mafter,  to  deliver  this  Letter  to  you,  and  his 
Defires  that  you  would  communicate  it  to  the 

The  MefTenger  being  withdrawn,  the  Letter  was 
read  to  the  Jtipufe  by  Mr,  Speaker,  and  was  as  fol- 
lows ; 

To  our  Right  Trufty  and  Well-beloved  the 
SPEAKER  of  the  Houfe  of  COMMONS, 

Trufty  and  Well-beloved,  we  greet  you  well. 
TN  thefe  great  and  infupportable  dffilttions  and  Ca~  A  Letter  to  thg, 
•*    lamities  under  which  the  pocr  Nation  haih  been  fo  Houfc  of  C 
long  exercifed,    and  by  which  it  is  fo  near  exkaujledt  ^™  f'9IIi 
live  cannot  think  of  a  more,  natural  and  proper  Reme- 
dy, than  to  refort  to  thofe  for  Council  and  Advice. ,  who 
have  feen  and  obferved  the  firft  Beginning  of  our  Ml-* 
/fries,  the  Progrefs  from  bad  to  worfe,  and  the  Ali- 
jlakes  and  Mifunderjlandings  which  have  produced. 
and  contributed  to  Inconveniences  which  were  not  in- 
tended \   and  after  fo  many  Revolutions ,  and  the  Ob~ 
fsrvation  of  what  hath  attended  them,  are  now  trufted. 
by  our  good  Subjefls  to  repair  the  Breaches  which  are 
wade,  and  to  provide  proper  Remedies  for  thofe  Evils^ 
find  for  the  lajiing  Peace,  Happinefs,  and  Sfcwify  cf 
the  Kingdom, 

We  do  ajjiire  you,  upon  our  Royal  Word,  that  nonq 
cf  cur  PredeceJJors  have  had  a  greater  Ejlecm  of  Par  ^ 
liaments  than  we  have  ;  in  cur  "Judgment >  ffs  well  as 

VPL.  XXII.  ^  f,m 

242        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regmim.  from  cur  Obligation,  we  do  believe  them  to  be  fo  vital 
1660.         a  part  Of  the  Conjiitution  of  the  Kingdom,  and  fo  ns- 

v— •\^— J  cejjary  for  the  Government  of  it,  that  -we  well  know9 
^ay*  neither  Prince  nor  People  can  be,  in  any  tolerable  De- 
gree, happy  without  them  :  And  therefore  you  may  be 
confident,  that  we  Jha II  always  look  upon  their  Counfels 
as  the  bejl  we  can  receive ;  and  Jhall  be  as  tender  of 
their  Privileges,  and  as  careful  to  preferve  and  pro- 
te£t  them,  as  of  that  which  is  moft  near  to  ourfelf,  and 
mojl  necejfary  for  our  own  Prejervation. 

And  as  this  is  our  Opinion  of  Parliaments,  that 
their  Authority  is  mojl  nccejfary  for  the  Government 
of  the  Kingdom,  fo  we  are  mojl  confident  that  you  be- 
lieve and  find,  that  the  Preservation  of  the  King's 
Authority  is  as  necejfary  for  the  Prefervation  of  Par- 
liaments ;  and  that  it  is  not  the  Name,  but  the  right 
Conjiitution  of  them,  which  can  prepare  and  apply 
•proper  Remedies  for  thofe  Evils  which  are  grievous" 
to  the  People,  and  which  can  thereby  eftablijb  their 
Peace  and  Security  :  And  therefore  we  have  not  the 
haft  Doubt  but  that  you  will  be  as  tender  in,  and  as 
jealous  of,  any  thing  that  may  infringe  our  Honour,  or 
impair  cur  Authority,  as  of  your  own  Liberty  and 
Property,  which  is  bejl  preferved  by  preferving  the 

Haw  far  we  have  tru/led  you  in  this  great  AJfair^ 
and  how  much  it  is  in  ycur  Power  to  reftore  the  Na- 
tion to  all  that  it  hath  lojl,  and  to  redeem  it  from  any 
Infamy  it  hath  undergone,  and  to  ?nake  King  and 
People  as  happy  as  they  ought  to  be,  you  will  find  by 
our  inch  fed  Declaration,  a  Copy  of  which  we  have 
iikewife  fent  to  the  Houfe  of  Peers  k  :  And  you  will 
eaftly  believe  that  ^v^  would  not  voluntarily,  and  of 
ourfelf,  have  repofed  fo  great  a  Trujl  in  you,  but  upon 
an  entire  Confidence  that  you  will  not  abufe  it,  and  that . 
you  will  proceed  in  fitch  a  Manner,  and  with  fuch  due 
Confederation  of  'us  who  have  trufled you,  thatwejhall 
not  he  ajhamed  of  declining  other  Ajjiftance,  (which 
we  have  AJJitrance  of)  and  repairing  to  you  for  more 
natural  and  proper  Re?ne dies  for  the  Evils  we  would 
be  freed  from  j  nor  ferry  that  we  have  bound  up  our 

k  Given  before  at  p,  238, 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        243 

t>wn  Intereft  fo  intirely  with  that  of  our  Subjects,  as  Inter-rcgnum« 

that  we  refer  it  to  the  fame  Perjons  to  take  Care  of        J^6°' 

us,  who  are  trufted  to  provide  for  them.     We  look    **~~M~~* 

upon  you  as  wife  and  difpaffionate  Men,  and  good 

Patriots,  .  who  will  raife  up  thofe  Banks  and  Fences 

which  have  been  caft  down,  and  whs  will  me  ft  reafon- 

ably  hope,  that  the  fame  Profperity  vjill  again  jpring 

from  thofe  Roots  from  which  it  hath  heretofore  and 

always  grown.     Nor  can  we  apprehend  that  you  will 

propofe  any  thing  to  us,   or  expett  any  thing  from  usy 

but  that  ive  are  as  ready  to  give  as  you  to  receive. 

If  you  defire  the  Advancement  and  Propagation  of 
the  Protejiant  Religion,  ^ve  have,  by  our  con/iant 
Profejfion  and  Practice  of  it,  given  fujfi  dent  Tc/iimo- 
ny  to  the  florid,  that  neither  the  \JnkindneJs  cf  thofe 
of  the  fame  Faith  towards  us,  nor  the  Civilities  and 
Obligations  from  thofe  of  a  contrary  Profejfion,  (of 
loth  which  we  have  had  abundant  Evidence)  could  in 
the  leaji  Degree  Jlartle  us,  or  make  us  fwerve  from  it. 
jind  nothing  can  be  propojed  to  manifeft  our  Zeal  and 
jtffefiion  for  it,  to  which  we  will  not  readily  confent. 
And  we  hope  in  due  Time  ourfelf  to  propafe  j'omewhat 
to  you  for  the  Propagation  of  it,  that  will  fatisfy  the 
(1/orld  that  we  have  always  made  it  both  our  Care  and 
cur  Study,  and  have  enough  obferved  what  is  mo  ft  like 
to  bring  Disadvantage  to  it, 

If  you  defire  Security  for  thofe,  who,  in  thefe  cala- 
mitous Times,  either  wilfully  or  weakly  have  tranf- 
grejjed  thofe  Bounds  which  were  prejcribed,  and  have 
invaded  each  other's  Rights,  we  have  left  to  ycu  to  pro- 
vide for  their  Security  and  Indemnity,  and  in  fuch  a 
Way  as  you  Jhall  think  ju/i  and  reafonabie  ;  and,  l>y  a 
jujl  Computation  of  what  Men  have  done  andfuffered, 
as  near  as  is  pojfible,  to  take  Care  that  all  Men  be  fa- 
tisfied',  which  is  the  furejl  Way  to  fupprefs  and  extir- 
pate all  fuch  Uncharitablenefs  and  Animofity,  as  might 
hereafter  Jhake  and  threaten  that  Peace,  which,  for  the 
prefent,  might  feem  eftablljhed.  If  there  be  a  crying 
Sin,  for  which  the  Nation  may  be  involved  in  the  In- 
famy that  attends  it,  we  cannot  doubt  but  that  yon 
will  be  as  follicitous  to  redeem  and  vindicate  the  Na- 
tion frsm  that  Guilt  and  Infamy  as  i'je  can  l>e, 

244       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

If  you  defire  that  Reverence  and  Obedience  may  be 
paid  to  the  Fundamental  Laws  of  the  Land,  and  that 
"Juftice  may  be  equally  and  impartially  adminijlered  to 
ay'  all  Men,  it  is  that  which  we  defers  to  be /worn  to  our- 
felf,  and  that  all  Perfons  in  Power,  and  Authority 
JJjould  be  fo  too. 

In  a  Word;  there  is  nothing  that  you  can  propofe? 
that  may  make  the  Kingdom  happy ,  which  we  will  not 
contend  with  you  to  compafs  ;  and,  upon  this  Confidence 
and  AJJurance,  we  have  thought  Jit  to  fend  you  this 
Declaration,  that  you  may,  as  much  as  is  pojjible,  at 
this  Dijlance,  fee  our  Heart ;  which  when  God  Jhall 
bring  us  nearer  together ',  (as  we  hope  he  will  do  Jhort- 
ly}  will  appear  to  you  very  agreeable  to  what  we  have 
prcfejfid.  And  we  hope  that  we  have  made  that  right 
Chrijlian  Ufe  of  our  Affliction,  and  that  the  Obferva- 
tion  and  Experience  we  have  had  in  other  Countries 
bath  been  fuch,  as  that  we,  and  we  hope  all  our  Sub- 
jefls,  Jhall  be  the  better  for  what  we  have  feen  and 

We  Jhall  add  no  more  but  our  Prayers  to  Almighty 
God)  that  he  will  fo  blefs  your  Counfels,  and  direSl 
your  Endeavours,  that  his  Glory  and  fVorjhip  may  be 
•provided  for,  and  the  Peace,  Honour •,  and  Happinefs 
of  the  Nation  may  be  eftabltjhed  upon  thofe  Founda- 
tions which  can  beji  fupport  it.  (And  fo  we  bid  you 
farewell.  Given  at  our  Court  at  Breda  this  -^th  Day 
of  April,  1660,  in  the  Twelfth  Year  of  our  Reign. 

After  reading  the  foregoing,  with  the  Declaration 
inclofed,  the  following  Letter  from  his  Majefty  to 
General  Monkevns  allb  read. 

To  ourTrufly  and  Well-beloved  General  MONKE, 
to  be  by  him  communicated  to  the  PRESIDENT 
•and  COUNCIL  of  STATE,  and  to  the  OFFICERS 
of  the  ARMIES  under  his  Command. 

Trudy  and  Well-beloved,  we  greet  you  well. 
To  Gsn.  Rhr.Z:  jT  cannot  be  believed  but  that  we  have  been,  are* 
and  the  Council-'   and  ever  mujl  be,  as  follicitcus  as  we  can,  by  all 
Uh;>          EndeevmrS)  to  impnve  the  A/eft'ions  of  our  good 


Q/*   ENGLAND       245 

SubjecJs  at  home,  and  to  procure  the  Ajfiftance  of  our  inter-regnum, 
Friends  and  Allies  abroad ',  for  the  Recovery  of  that        1660. 
Right,  which,  by  the  Laws  of  God  and  Man,  is  un~    ^— — v— -^ 
questionable,  and  of  which  we  have  been  fo  long  dif-  ay< 

poffejfid  by  fuch  Force,  and  with  thofe  Cir  cum/lances^ 
os  we  do  not  defire  to  aggravate  by  any  Jharp  Expref- 
fions ;  but  rather  wijh  that  the  Memory  of  what  is 
pajl  may  be  buried  to  the  World.  That  we  have  more 
endeavoured  to  prepare  and  to  improve  the  Affections  of 
our  Subjects  at  home  for  our  Rejl  oration,  than  to  pro~ 
cure  AJJijlance  from  abroad  to  invade  either  of  our 
Kingdoms,  is  as  manifejl  to  the  World :  And  we  can- 
not give  a  better  Evidence  that  we  are  ftill  of  the 
fume  Mind  than  in  this  Conjuncture,  when  common 
Reafon  muft  fatisfy  all  Men  that  we  cannot  be  without 
Affiftance  from  abroad,  we  chufe  rather  to  fend  to  you, 
who  have  it  in  your  own  Povjer  to  prevent  that  Ruin 
and  Defolation  which  a  War  would  bring  upon  the 
Nation,  and  to  make  the  whole  Kingdom  owe  the  Peace, 
Happinejs,  Security,  and  Glory  it  /hall  enjoy,  to  your 
Virtue ;  and  to  acknowledge  that  your  Armies  have 
complied  with  their  Obligations  for  which  they  were 
fir  ft  raifed,  for  the  Preservation  of  the  Protejlant 
Religion,  the  Honour  and  Dignity  of  the  King,  the 
Privileges  of  Parliament,  the  Liberty  and  Property  of 
the  Subject,  and  the  Fundamental  Laws  of  the  Land; 
and  that  you  have  vindicated  that  Truft  which  others 
moft  perfidioujly  abufed  and  betrayed.  How  much  we 
defire  and  refolve  to  contribute  to  thcfe  good  Ends,  ivill 
appear  to  you  by  our  inclofed  Declaration,  which  we 
defire  you  to  caufe  to  be  publifhed  for  the  Information 
and  Satisfaction  of  all  good  Sltbje&s,  who  do  not  defire 
a  further  Effufion  of  precious  Chrijlian  Blood;  but  to 
have  their  Peace  and  Security  founded  upon  that  which 
can  only  fupport  it,  an  Unity  of  Affettions  amongft 
curfclves,  an  equal  Adminijlration- of 'Jujlice  to  Men, 
rs/toring  Parliaments  to  a  full  Capacity  of  providing 
for  all  that  is  amifs,  and  the  Laws  of  the  Land  to 
their  due  Veneration. 

You  have  been  your f elves  Witness  of  fo  many  Re- 
volutions, and  have  had  jo  much  Experience  how  far 
tiny  P  rue  Sand  Authority,  that  is  only  affumedby  Paf- 
0.3  J^ 

246       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY* 

Inter-regnum.  feon  and  Appetite )  and  not  fupparted  by,  It 
1660.  from  providing  for  tbe-Happinefs  and  Peace  of  the 
"J  People,  or  from  receiving  any  Obedience  from  them, 
without  which  no  Government  can  provide  for  them> 
that  you  may  very  reajonably  Relieve  that  God  hath  not 
been  well  pleafed  with  the  Attempts  that  have  been 
made,fmce  he  hath  ufually  increased  the  Confufton,  by 
giving  all  the  Succefs  that  hath  been  dejired,  and 
brought  that  to  pafs  without  Effett,  which  the  De~ 
figners  have  prcpofed  as  the  beji  Means  to  fettle  and 
compife  the  Nation;  and  therefore  we  cannot  but  hope 
and  believe  that  you  will  concur  with  us  in  the  Remedy 
we  have  applied;  which,  to  human  Understanding ,  it 
only  proper  for  the  Ills  we  all  groan  under  ;  and  that 
you  will  make  your/elves  the  blejfed  Inftruments  to  bring 
this  Bisffmg  of  Peace  and  Reconciliation  upon  King 
and  People,  it  being  the  ufual  Method  in  which  Di- 
vine Providence  dtlighieth  itjdf  to  ufe  and  fanfJify 
thofe  very  Means  which  ill  Men  defign  for  the  Satif- 
f a  El  ion  of  private  and  particular  Ends  and  Ambition^ 
and  other  wicked  Purposes,  to  wholefome  and  public 
Ends,  and  to  eftablijh  that  Good  which  is  mojl  con- 
trary to  the  Defigners  ;  which  is  the  greatejl  Mani- 
feftation  of  God's  peculiar  Kindnejs  to  a  Nation  that 
can  be  given  in  this  World.  How  far  we  refolve  to 
preferve  your  Interefls  and  reward  your  Services,  we 
refer  to  our  Declaration ;  and  we  hope  God  will  in- 
fpire  you  to  perform  your  Duty  to  us  and  to  your  native 
Country,  whofe  Happinefs  cannot  be  feparated  from 
each  other. 

We  have  intruded  our  well-beloved  Servant  Sir 
John  Grenville,  one  of  the  Gentlemen  of  cur  Bed- 
Chamber,  to  deliver  this  unto  you,  and  to  give  us  an 
Account  of  ) our  Reception  of  it^  and  to  defer e  you,  in 
cur  Name,  that  it  may  be  publijked ;  and  Jo  we  bid 
you  farewell. 

Given  at  our  Court  at  Br?da  this  744th  of  April, 
1660,  in  the  twelfth  Year  of  oar  Reign. 
Received  May  I,   1660. 

Bcfides  the  foregoing,  the  following  Letter  from 
the  King  was  fent  to  the   Lord    Mayor,  Alder- 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       247 

men,  and  Common  Council  of  the  City  of  Lon-  Inter-regnum. 
don:  166°- 

To  our  Trufty  and  Well-beloved  the  Lord  Mayor,       May. 

Aldermen,  and  Common  Council  of  our  City  of 



Trufty  and  Well-beloved,  we  greet  you  well. 
TN  thefe  great  Revolutions  which  of  late  have  hap -To  the  Lord 
•*  pened  in  that  our  Kingdom,  to  the  Wonder  andM*y°T  and  Cit.v 
Amazement  of  all  the  World,  there  is  none  that  we°f  Lo"J<"t' 
have  looked  upon  with  more  Comfort  than  the  Jo-fre- 
quent and  public  Manifejlations  of  their  Affections  to 
us  in  the  City  of  London,  which  hath  exceedingly 
raifed  our  Spirits,  and  which >,  no  doubt,  hath  proceeded 
from  the  Spirit  of  God,  and  his  extraordinary  Mercy 
to  the  Nation,  which  hath  been  encouraged  by  you,  and 
your  good  Example  to  ajjert  that  Government,  under 
which  it  hath  fo  many  hundred  Tears  enjoyed  as  great 
Felicity  as  any  Nation  in  Europe,  and  to  difcounte- 
nance  the  Imaginations  of  thoje  who  would  fubjeff  our 
Subjects  to  a  Government  they  have  not  yet  devifed ; 
and,  to  fatisfy  the  Pride  and  Ambition  of  a  few  ill 
Men,  would  introduce  the  mo  ft  arbitrary  and  tyranni- 
cal Power  that  was  ever  yet  heard  of.  How  long  we 
have  all  fuffered  under  thofe  and  the  like  Devices,  all 
the  World  takes  Notice,  to  the  no-fmall  Reproach  of 
the  Englim  Nation,  which  we  hope  is  now  providing 
for  its  own  Security  and  Redemption,  and  will  be  ny 
longer  bewitched  by  thofe  Inventions.  How  defer ous  ive  , 

are  to  contribute  to  the  obtaining  the  Peace  and  Happi* 
nefs  of  cur  Subjects  without  further  Effufion  of  Blood, 
and  hoiv  far  we  are  from  defiring  to  recover  what  be- 
longs to  us  by  a  War,  if  it  can  be  otherwije  done,  will 
appear  to  you  by  the  inclofed  Declaration  ;  tvhich, 
together  with  this  our  Letter,  we  have  intruded  our 
right  trujiy  and  ivell-beloved  Coufin  the  Lord  Fifcount 
Mordaunt,  and  our  trujly  and  well-beloved  Servant 
Sir  JohnGrenville,  Knt.  one  of  the  Gentlemen  of  our 
Bed-Chamber,  to  deliver  to  you,  to  the  end  that  you, 
and  all  the  rejl  of  our  good  Subjects  of  that  our  City  of 
London,  (to  whom  we  drfire  it  Jhould  be  fublifncd) 

248      ffie  Parliamentary 

lAter-regnum.  may  know  bow  far  we  are  from  the  Defire  of  Rt* 
«li6c^'    t  venge,  or  that  the  Peace,  Happinefs,  and  Security  of 

May,  ^e  Kingdom  jbould  be  raifed  upon  any  otbsr  Founda>- 
tlon  than  the  Ajfeflion  and  Hearts  of  our  Subjects* 
and  their  oivn  Confents.  ffle  have  not  the  leaft  Doubt 
of  your  jujl  Senfe  of  thofe  our  Condefcenfions,  or  of 
your  Zeal  to  advance  'fnd  promote  the  fame  good  End^ 
by  difpojing  all  Men  to  meet  us  with  the  fame  Affec- 
tion and  Tendernefsy  in  reftoring  the  Fundamental 
Laws  to  that  Reverence  that  is  due  to  themt  and  upav 
the  Preservation  whereof  all  our  Happinefs  depends  : 
And  you  will  have  no  Reafon  to  doubt  of  enjoying  your 
full  Share  in  that  Happinefs  t  and  of  the  improving  it 
by  our  particular  AffeSlion  to  you,.  It  is  very  natural 
for  all  Men  to  do  all  the  Good  they  can  for  their  native 
Country  )  and  to  advance  the  Honour  of  it  :  And  as  we 
have  that  full  AffeSlion  for  the  Kingdom  in  general^ 
fo  we  would  not  be  thought  to  be  without  fame  extraor* 
dinary  Kindnefs  for  our  native  City  in  particular^ 
which  we  (hall  manifejl  en  all  Occafeons^  net  only  by 
renewing  their  Charter^  and  confirming  all  thofe  Pri- 
vileges which  they  have  received  from  eur  Predecef*- 
Jors>  but  by  adding  and  granting  any  new  Favours; 
•which  may  advance  the  Trade^  Wealth^  and  Honour 
cf  that  our  native  City  ;  for  which  we  will  be  fo  Jol~ 
iicitoiiS)  that  vje  doubt  not  but  that  it  will,  in  due 
Time,  receive  fame  Benefit  and  Advantage  in  all  thofa 
RefpeffS)  even  from  our  oiun  Obfervatien  and  Expe^ 
rience  abroad  :  And  we  are  moft  confident  voe  jhall  never 
be  dif  appointed  in  our  Expectation  of  all  pojjible  Service 
from  your  Ajfeftions  ;  and  fo  we  bid  you  farewell. 
Given  at  our  Court  at  Breda  the  ^Vth  Day  of 
1660,  in  the  twelfth  Year  of  our  Reign. 

After  reading  thefe  Letters,  with  the  Declara- 
tion, in  the  two  Houfes,  the  Lords  ordered  Sir 
"John  Grenville  to  be  called  in  again,  and  the  Speaker, 
by  Direction  of  the  Houfe,  gave  him  Thanks,  in  their 
Name,  for  his  Care  in  bringing  this  gracious  Meflage 
from  the  King.  They  alfo  ordered,  That  the  King's 
Letter  to  them  and  the  Declaration  fhould  be  forth- 
with printed  and  publifhed,  with  this  Tide,  His  Ma- 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       249 

]  fifty'5  graciduS  Lettef  and  Declaration,  fent  to  the  Inter-regnuim 

Houfe  of  Peers  by  Sir  John  Grenville,  Knt.     Laftly, 

the  Lords  appointed  a  Committee  to  confider  of  A 

Letter  of  Thanks  to  the  King  for  his  gracious  Mef- 

fage  fent,  this  Day,  to  the  Houfe,  and  to  prefent  it 

for  their  Lordfhips  Confideration, 

And  now,  to  do  Juftice  to  the  Houfe  of  Com* 
tnons,  we  fhall  give  the  Proceedings  of  that  Houffi 
on  this  Day,  as  they  are  entered  in  their  Journals^ 
in  which  all  the  further  Trarifaclions  of  the  Lords 
are  interwoven ;  fo  that  there  will  be  no  Occafion 
for  Repetitions  on  that  Score.  We  think  it  need- 
lefs  to  make  arty  Apology  for  re- printing  the  King's 
Letters,  &c.  to  both  Houfes  ;  for,  tho'  they  have 
been  many  Times  publifhed,  and  are  extant  in  al- 
jnoft  every  Englifn  Hiftory  of  thefe  Times,  yet 
they  are  fo  confonant  to  thefe  Parliamentary  In- 
quiries, as  not  to  be  omitted  in  this  Work.  They 
are  entered,  at  large,  in  the  Journals  of  both  Houfes  j 
and,  in  the  late  printed  Edition  of  the  Commons* 
the  Editors  of  which  have  taken  Care  to  give  a  Simi- 
litude of  the  King's  Hand-writing,  on  the  Top  of 
each  Letter,  in  Imitation  of  the  Originals. 

Mr.  Rich  and  Mr.  Eltonhead^  Matters  of  the  Chan- 
cery, being  fent  by  the  Lords,  with  a  Meflage,  defiring 
a  Conference  with  the  Commons  this  Day  (May  i) 
at  Eleven  o'Clock,  in  the  Painted-Chamber^  in  or- 
der to  the  Settlement  of  the  great  Affairs  of  the 
Kingdom,  the  Me/Fengers  were  called  in,  and  the 
Speaker  acquainted  them,  That  the  Houfe  had  con- 
fidered  their  Meflage,  and  would  return  an  Anfwer 
by  Meflengers  of  their  own. 

Then  it  was  refolved,  nem.  con.  '  That  an  An- 
fwer be  prepared  to  his  Majefty's  Letter,  exprefling 
the  great  and  joyful  Senfe  of  this  Houfe  of  his  gra- 
cious Offers,  and  their  humble  and  hearty  Thanks 
to  his  Majefty  for  the  fame,  with  Profeflions  of  their 
Loyalty  and  Duty  to  his  Majefty ;  and  that  this 
Houfe  will  give  a  fpeedy  Anfwer  to  his  Majefty's 
gracious  Propofals.' 

Mr.  Finch,  Mr.  Annefe^  Sir  Anthony  JJbley  Coo- 


250      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

er-regnum.  per^  the  Lord-General,  Sir  William  Lewis,  Mr. 
Morris,  and  Mr.  Holies,  were  ordered  to  prepare  the 

It  was  alfo  refolved,  nem.  con.  *  That  the  Sum  of 
50,000 /.  be  prefented  to  the  King's  Majefty  from 
this  Houfe ;  and  the  Committee  appointed  to  draw 
up  the  Anfwer  to  the  King's  Letter  were  ordered  to 
go  to  the  Lord  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Commons 
of  the  City  of  London,  to  confider  with  them  how 
the  faicl  Sum  of  50, coo/,  may  be  raifed  ;  what  Se- 
curity they  will  deiire  for  the  Repayment  thereof 
with  Interefl  after  the  Rate  of  61.  per  Cent,  and  to 
offer  fuch  Security  as  they  fhall  think  fit,  for  Re- 
payment thereof  to  the  Perfons  who  fhall  advance 
the  fame.' 

*  Refolved,  That  it  be  referred  to  the  fame  Com- 
mittee appointed  to  confider  with  the  Lord  Mayor, 
Aldermen,  and  Commons  of  the  City  of  London, 
about  a  further  Sum  to  be  raifed  and  applied  for  the 
paying  of  the  Army,  and  to  confider  how  the  Arrears 
of  the  Army  may  be  fatisfied.' 

In  our  numerous  Collection  of  Pamphlets  of  thefe 
Times,  we  meet  with  a  Speech  faid  to  be  made  by 
an  Honourable  Member  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons; 
but  neither  Name  nor  Time  it  was  fpoke  in  is  men- 
tioned in  the  Title.  It  is  only  faid  to  be  made  on 
the  Re-eftablifhment  of  Kingly  Government  in  this 
Nation  ;  which,  as  it  was  the  Topic  both  Houfes  of 
Parliament  were  then  upon,  we  fhall  introduce  here  ; 
and  we  believe  the  Reader  will  judge  with  us,  that, 
if  it  was  not,  it  ought  to  have  been  fpoke  on  that 

jl  pertinent  SPEECH  made  ly  an  Honourable  Mem- 
ber of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  tending  to  the  Efia- 
blijbment  of  Kingly  Government,  as  the  only  PFay  to 
the  fettling  of  thefe  Three  dijlrafted  Nations  in 
their  due  Rigbtst  Privileges,  and  Immunities a. 
£?fcch  rein;  in  Mr.  Speaker, 

Cjmmcn"leon°    '    A  ^  wc  w^°  were  forcibly  excluded  by  the  Am- 
Kindy  Go  van-    ,/jL  bition  of  General  Cromwell,  and  his  rebel- 


a  Lendw,  printed,   1660, 

Of   E  N  G  L  AN  D.         251 

lious  Army,  from  fitting  in  the  Houfe,  or  perform- 
ing thofe  Trufts  impofed  on  us  by  the  People,  as         l66o« 
their  Repiefentatives  in  Parliament,  ought  to  acknow-  """ 

ledge  our  Re-  invefting  as  a  high  Providence  of  God, 
and  look  upon  it  as  a  gracious  Difpenfation  of  his 
Mercy  to  us  and  thefe  Three  Nations ;  fo  I  think 
it  our  Duty  and  Obligation,  in  anfwer  to  fuch  a  Mer- 
cy, to  endeavour,  to  the  utmoft  of  our  Power,  the 
re-eftablifhing  of  thefe  Nations  in  Peace  and  Quiet- 
nefs,  and  the  Settlement  of  fuch  a  Government  as 
may  beft  quadrate  with  the  Spirits  and  Temper  of 
the  People. 

4  That  Viciflitudes  and  Changes  of  Government, 
fuch  as  hath  lately  been  impofed  upon  us  by  a  Parcel 
of  the  moft  fanatic  and  mad-brain'd  Spirits  of  the  Na- 
tion, do  clearly  tend  to  the  Ruin  of  any  Kingdom, 
Commonwealth,  or  Society  of  Men  whatfoever,  we 
have  lately  feen  by  too  fad  Experience.  Such  Chan- 
ges being  only  the  Scourges  wherewith  God  chaftifes 
rebellious  Kingdoms,  and  fuch  Spirits  only  fent 
Into  the  World  to  be  the  Ruin  and  Diflra&ion  of 
thofe  Nations  they  live  in. 

«  I  need  not  at  all  infift  upon  our  forcible  Exclu- 
fion  ;  thofe  Things  we  refolved  on  before  it ;  the  So- 
lemn League  and  Covenant  we  took  to  eftablifh 
and  defend  the  King  and  his  Succeflbrs  in  their 
Eftate  ;  the  many  Fallacies  and  Cheats  fince  put  up- 
on the  Nation  by  thofe,  who,  under  a  Pretence  of 
Right  to  eftablifh  a  Government  over  them,  have 
only  endeavoured  to  maintain  their  own,  or  introduce 
others  to  execute  an  unjuft,  illegal,  and  arbitrary 
Power  over  thefe  Kingdoms. 

c  But,  Mr.  Speaker,  let  me  fay  a  little  to  the  pre- 
fent  Senfe  of  the  Nation  j  let  us  take  the  Generality 
of  the  People,  even  to  the  very  Plowman,  (who  is 
not  pofiefled  with  a  fanatic  Spirit)  and  we  {hall 
find  that  they  were  now  fo  highly  fenfible  of  the 
Oppreflions  and  Burthens  laid  upon  them,  that,  like 
defperate  Men,  they  are  ready  to  catch  at  what  they 
before  difavowed,  and  gape  after  the  Government 
by  a  King,  which  they  formerly  fo  refolutely  decla- 
and  fought  againft ;  by  fo  fad  Experience  have 


252       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inier-regnum.  they  learned  the  Difference  between  the  Governmen  t 
1660.  fry  a  Prince  and  by  Peafants  :  And  though  they 
e-~v~---'  might  (if  thofe  who  then  pretended  themfelves  a 
Parliament  and  the  Supreme  Authority  of  the  Na- 
tion, had  ilruck  whilft  the  Iron  was  hot)  have  ac- 
cepted of  aGovernment  by  a  Commonwealth,  which, 
•was  then  fo  highly  pretended  to  be  eftablifhed  ;  yet, 
having  now  found  out  the  fraudulent  Defigns  of  thofe 
Men,  who,  under  fuch  Pretences,  endeavoured  only 
to  perpetuate  themfelves  in  the  Government,  to  en- 
flave  the  People,  intrench  upon  their  Liberties,  and 
ingrofs  their  Eftates,  they  are  wholly  revived  from 
that  fanatic  Slumber  fo  far,  that,  had  God  continued 
ilill  his  Scourge  upon  this  Nation,  the  Name  of  a 
Parliament  would,  e'er  1660  had  been  paft,  have 
grown  as  odious  to  the  People,  who  were  fufficiently 
gulled  with  Mock  Reprefentatives,  as  that  of  a  King 
\vas  in  1648.  And  fufficiently  odious  indeed  al- 
ready grown,  the  whole  Nation  groaning  under  their 
Exorbitances,  having  turned  the  Scale,  and  made 
the  Name  of  a  King  grown  fweet  again  in  their 
Mouths,  they  finding  by  Experience,  that  the  Go- 
vernment of  a  King,  though  tyrannical,  is  far  better 
than  the  ufurping  Tyranny  of  many  Plebeans. 

*  Nor,  Sir,  do  the  common  People  only  undcrfiand 
their  own  particular  Intereft,  but  begin  to  pry  into 
a  National ;  the  lawful  Heir,  who  was  formerly 
cried  up  for  the  common  Enemy  of  England's  Peace, 
is  now  (with  as  much  Applaufe,  as  before  with 
Difgrace)  fainted,  and  now  looked  upon  as  the 
only  Perfon  whofe  Re-admiflion  to  the  Crown  can 
make  thefe  Nations  happy,  and  restore  them  to  their 
due  Rights,  Liberties,  and  Privileges ;  there  being 
many,  who  are  now  liftened  to  as  Oracles,  living  to 
recount  the  Halcyon  Days  they  enjoyed  under  his 

4  'Tis,  Sir,  an  old  Proverb,  and  has  proved  as 
true  as  old,  Vex  PopuliVox  Deiy  The  general  Voice 
of  the  People  is  the  Oracle  by  which  God  declares 
his  A/lind  ;  they  are  his  Prophet  by  whom  he  fpeaks : 
What  have  we  then  to  do  ?  'Tis  the  Voice  of  God, 
*tis  the  hearty  Defires  of  the  People,  'tis  the  Intereft 


Of     ENGLAND.        253 

of  the  Nation,  'tis  according  to  our  own  Oath  in  inter-regn 
the  Solemn  League  and  Covenant :  And  fhall  we,          660. 
when  prefs'd  by  all  thefe,  ftill  refift  the  Re-admit- 
tance  of  the  lawful  Heir  to  the  Crown  ?  Shall  we 
ftill  refift  our  own  Intereft  ?  Shall  we  ftill  deny  the 
Cry  of  the  People  for  Right?  Or  (hall  we  further 
provoke  the  Vengeance  of  God  upon  us  for  thofe 
crying  Sins  of  his  Father's  Murder  and  his  Expul- 
fion  ? 

'  But,  Mr.  Speaker,  there  are  many  People,  fay 
fome,  whofe  Interefts  are  fo  oppofite  to  that  of  the 
lawful  Heir,  that  they  cannot  fubfift  together:  Thefo 
jVlen  have  bought  his,  the  Bifhop*,  Deans  and 
Chapters  Lands,  and  have  ventured  their  Lives  and 
Fortunes  againft  him :  Nay,  it  maybe  objected, That 
the  whole  Nation  hath  been  engaged  againft  him  to 
regain  their  Liberties,  and  free  themfelves  from  the 
pretended  Tyrannies  of  his  Father.  But,  Sir,  did 
the  Parliament,  when  it  was  free  and  full,  ever 
deem  or  vote  the  late  King  a  Tyrant  or  Traitor  ? 
Was  his  Imprifonment,  much  lefs  his  Death,  ever 
voted  in  the  Houfe  when  fo  ?  Was  not  the  firft  ta- 
king up  of  Arms,  under  Declaration,  to  maintain 
the  Parliament's  Privileges  without  infringing  the 
King's  Prerogative?  Did  we  not  all  unanimoufly 
fwear  to  maintain  the  King  in  his  due  Rights,  to 
bring  him  back  to  his  Parliament,  to  fettle  him  in 
his  Throne  with  Glory  ?  How  comes  it  then  to  pafs 
that  we,  who,  when  we  were  excluded  the  Houfe, 
left  a  King  alive,  left  a  Houfe  of  Lords  (the  fecon  j 
JEftate  of  the  Kingdom,  and  which  only  can  com- 
plete a  Free  Parliament)  fitting  without  a  Houfe 
of  Commons,  full  and  chofen  by  the  free  Votes  of 
the  People;  now,  at  our  Admiffion,  find  our  King 
murdered,  our  Houfe  of  Peers  excluded,  the  Houfe 
of  Commons  reduced  to  the  fifth  Part  of  their  duq 
Number,  and  their  numerous  Fellow-Members  im^ 
peded  fitting  for  eleven  Years  ? 

'  I  think,  Mr.  Speaker,  it  would  not  be  amifs  to 
examine  by  what  Authority  thefe  Things  have  been 
dpne.  Is  it  thus  that  the  whole  Nation  was  en-. 


254       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

aged  to  regain  their  Liberties  ?  A  fair  Hazard : 
Jut  what  Power  had  thofe  who  continued  fitting  to 
execute  this  arbitrary  Authority  ?  Which  of  the 
Fundamental  Laws  of  the  Land  did  inveft  them  with 
Authority  to  cut  off  their  King's  Head,  to  degrade 
the  Biftiops,  to  difmherit  his  Pofterity,  to  abolifli 
Kingly  Government,  under  which  this  Nation  had 
fo  long  and  happily  flourifhed,  and  to  fell  the  King's, 
Queen's,  Princes,  Bilhops,  Deans  and  Chapters 
Lands,  or  rather  to  enflave  themfelves  in  them,  and 
to  aci  at  their  Will  and  Pleafure,  tho'  to  the  Ruin 
of  the  Nation  ? 

*  The  Law  allows  any  Man  to  take  his  own 
Goods  where  he  finds  them,  though  bought  by  the 
then  Pofleffor :  Why  fhould  not  then  thofe  Men, 
who  have  bought  thofe  Lands  which  were,  in  Ef- 
fect, ftolen,  (the  others  having  no  Power  to  fell 
them)  be  inforced  to  reftore  them,  and  (if  there 
could  be  any,  their  Woods  and  Rents  having  already 
more  than  made  good  the  Purchafes)  fit  down  with 
the  Lofs  for  their  furreptitious  Bargains  ? 

<  But,  Sir,  'tis  objected  that  the  violent  Reftora- 
tion  of  thefe  Lands  will  (together  with  that  Bug- 
bear, Liberty  of  Confcience)  breed  a  new  Civil 
War :  That  the  Land  hath  been  fuiHciently  water'd 
with  its  native  Blood :  That  a  new  Difturbance 
will  be  the  Ruin  of  the  whole  :  And  that  we  have 
found,  by  Experience,  that  it  is  better  to  fit  flill  and 
content  ourfelves  under  the  Oppreflion,  than  feek 
Help  by  Civil  Difturbance,  whofe  Remedy  proves 
often  worfe  than  the  Difeafe ;  fo  that,  thefe  Lands 
not  being  reftored,  the  Re-admiffion  of  the  lawful 
Heir  may  be  judged  impoflible,  there  being  no 
Eitate  found  to  maintain  a  Kingly  Court  and  Charge. 
'  Could  we,  Mr.  Speaker,  find  Ways  to  maintain 
our  afpiring  General  Cromwell,  and  to  keep  his 
Court  in  more  Splendour  than  ever  did  King  of 
England?  And  cannot  we  as  well  find  Means  to 
maintain  the  true  and  lawful  Heir,  the  Charge 
likewife  likely  to  be  abated  by  the  Pay  of  the  Army 
being  clearly  taken  off;  which,  by  his  Re-admit- 
in tflt,  will  be  found  fuperfluous  ? 

N  2  «  I 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        255 

*  I  need  not  at  all  enlarge  myfelf  in  Reafons ;  Inter-regnum. 
there  are  none  fo  dull  but  muft  neceflarily  yield  to 

his  Re-admitment,  except  their  Intereft  infatuates 
their  Underftandings.  Let  us  then,  Mr.  Speaker, 
who  are  yet  looked  upon  by  the  People  to  have  our 
Hands  dipp'd,  in  fome  Meafure,  in  the  Nation's 
Miferies,  by  beginning  that  deplorable  War,  lay  a 
Plafter  to  the  Wounds,  and  Balfom  to  the  Sores,  of 
thefe  diftreffed  Nations,  by  reftoring  them  their 
Kings  as  at  the  firft,  and  their  Princes  as  at  the  Be- 

4  Nor  let  us  be  aftiamed,  after  having  fo  long 
gone  out  of  the  Way,  after  all  this  Obftinacy  of 
Spirit,  after  the  Expence  of  fo  much  Blood  and 
Treafure,  to  return  again  unto  thofe  Paths  of  Truth 
from  which  we  have  fo  greatly  deviated;  but  rather 
repent  for  the  Wrongs  we  have  done  our  Prince,  for 
the  Wrongs  we  have  done  our  Country,  and  for  the 
Wrongs  we  have  done  ourfelves,  and  recall  our  true 
and  rightful  Prince,  who  will,  without  Doubt,  be  fo 
gracious  as  to  pardon  all  Offences. 

'  But  if,  Sir,  there  be  fome  particular  Crimes  of 
fo  high  a  Nature  that  they  admit  not  Pardon,  fhall 
the  Nation  ftill  remain  miferable  for  the  Offences  of 
thofe  particular  Men  ?  Shall  England  flill  be  un- 
happy for  Want  of  an  Axe  or  an  Halter  to  be  be- 
ftowed  on  fome  who  have  fo  juftly  deferved  it  ?  It 
muft  not,  cannot  be. 

*  Pardon,  Sir,  this  Pafiion  and  Prolixity,  and  give 
me  Leave  to  anfwer  one  more  Obje&ion;  /.  e.  That 
the  People  would  be  better  fatisfied  if  this  Parlia- 
ment would  wholly  omit  the  fettlirtg  of  any  Govern- 
ment, and  leave  it  to  a  Free  Parliament.     Though 
this  be  difputable,  yet  we  will  grant  it :  But  then 
what  a  Parliament  fhall  they  have,  we  have  been 
long  debating  about  their  Qualifications  ?  Shall  the 
People  have  a  Free  Parliament,  or  (hall  they  not  ? 
If  they  fhall  have  a  Free  Parliament,  then  muft  they 
have  Free  Liberty  to  chufe  whom  they  pleafe  ;  if 
not,  we  do  but  follow  former  Steps,  and  ftill  endea- 
vour to  enflave  them. 


256       The  Parliamentary  HISTORV 

<  To  conclude :  Mr.  Speaker,  we  may,  in  Rea- 
fon,  judge,  that  the  firft  Thing  done  by  a  Free  Par- 
liament, will  be  to  invite  the  lawful  Heir  to  Poflef- 
fion,  there  being  no  Likelihood  that  any  other  Go- 
vernment can  be  fettled  ;  and  therefore  I  think  we 
had  as  good  do  it  now  upon  fuch  Terms  and  Con- 
tlitions  as  may  fecure  the  Peace  and  Quiet  of  thefe 
Nations,  and  be  fafe  to  them  who  have  engaged 
againft  him.' 

A  Conference  having  been  defired  by  the  Lords 
y.'ith  the  other  Houfe,  the  Commons  fent  up  Sir 
George  Booth  to  let  them  know,  that  they  were 
resdy  for  it  as  they  defired.  The  Committee  ap- 
pointed by  the  Commons  to  manage  this  Conference, 
were,  Mr.  Annejley^  Mr.  Finch ,  Mr.  Turner ,  Lord 
Falkland^  Mr,  Pi.erepolnt^  Serjeant  Hales,  and  Ser- 
jeant Brown.  The  Subject  was  the  Settlement  of 
the  Government  of  thefe  Nations  ;  the  very  Topig 
on  which  the  Speech  before  given  turns. 

In  the  Afternoon  of  this  Day,  for  they  fat  both. 
Ends  of  it,  Mr.  Annejley  reported  the  Effect  of  the 
Conference  had  with  the  Lords  :  That  the  Earl  of 
Jlfanchefter  had  acquainted  the  Committee  of  this 
Houfe  with  the  Lords'  Receipt  of  a  Letter  from  his 
Majefty,  and  of  a  Declaration  inclofed  :  He  told  us, 
it  was  a  Maxim,  "  Where  the  Word  of  a  King  is, 
there  is  Power  ;"  and  where  the  Word  of  our  King 
is,  as  it  is  now  received,  there  is  Truth ;  and  Power 
and  Truth  are  the  beft  Supports  of  Government: 
fte  wifhed  us  to  confider  the  niiftaken  Maxims  of 
fome  Politicians,  \]\m  Diftruft  and  Jealouiies  are  the 
Nerves  and  Sinews  of  Wifdom ;  but  he  hopes  that 
we  will  rather  sonfider  that  Wifdom  from  above, 
which  is  firft  pure,  *  *b  eafy  to  be  intreated ;  and 
that  all  Diftruft  and  Jeajoufy  might  be  laid  afide : 
He  took  Notice  of  fome  new  3tate-BuiJders»  that 
had  been  framing  imaginary  States  of  Qoveui' 
jne.U;  which  brought  into  Confideration  our  antient 
Government,  the  beft  in  the  World :  And  there- 
upon took  Notjce  of  a  Vote  in  the  Lords'  Houfc, 


lr  Sic  fa  Orif, 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       257 

concerning  the  Government  of  this  Kingdom,  to  the  Inter-regnum, 
Tenor  following,  viz.  *66^ 

"  The  Lords  do  own  and  declare,  That,  accord-        7, "~ 
ing  to  the  Antient  and  Fundamental  Laws  of  this 
Kingdom,  the  Government  is,  and  ought  to  be,  by 
King,  Lords,  and  Commons." 

'  Then  he  proceeded  further,  and  took  Notice  of 
the  great  Revolutions  and  Changes  that  have  been, 
and  the  Occafion  of  them  to  be,  the  Separation  of 
the  Head  from  the  Members  j  and  therefore  he  ac~ 
quainted  the  Committee  with  another  Vote  of  the 
Lords,  viz. 

"  That  the  Lords,  having  a  deep  Senfe  of  the 
Miferies  and  Diffractions  that  this  Kingdom  hath 
been  involved  in,  fmce  the  violent  Attempts  to  dif- 
iblve  the  eftablimed  Government;  and  conceiving 
that  the  feparating  the  Head  from  the  Members  hath 
been  the  chiefeft  Occafion  of  all  our  Diforders  and 
Confufions,  they  defire  that  fome  Ways  may  be 
confidered  how, to  make  up  thefe  Breaches,  and  to 
obtain  the  King's  Return  again  to  his  People." 

'  And  that  he  alfo  acquainted  them  with  a  third 
Vote  of  the  Lords,  in  order  to  a  further  Proceeding 
on  the  former,  viz. 

<e  That  a  Committee  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
may  be  appointed  to  meet  with  a  Committee  of  the 
Lords,  to  prepare  fuch  Things  as  may  be  in  order* 
to  thefe  good  and  necelTary  End's  j  and  to  frame  a 
Letter  of  Thanks  and  Acknowledgments  to  his  Ma- 
jefty  for  his  gracious  Letter  an4  Declaration." 

*  And,  laftly,  his  Majefty's  faid  Letter  and  Decla- 
ration, lent  to  the  Lords,  was  read  there ;  and  that 
they  had  intruded  the  Committee  with  them,  that 
they  might  alfo  be  read  here,  and  a  Refolution  gi- 
ven upon  the  whole.' 

After  hearing  this  Report,  the  Commons  ordered 
the  King's  Letter  to  the  Lords,  with  his  Majefty's 
Declaration  there  inclofed,  to  be  read  ;  and  then  it 

«  Refolved,  &c.  That  this  Houfe  doth  agree  with 

the  Lords,  and  do  own  and  declare,  that,  accord - 

in**  to  the  Antient  and  Fundamental  Laws  of  this 

VOL.  XXII.  R  Kin^ 

258      We  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum,  Kingdom,  the  Government  is,  and  ought  to  be,  by 
l66°-       King,  Lords,  and  Commons.' 

'  Ordered,  alfo,  That  the  following  Committee 
be  appointed  to  perufe  the  Journals  and  Records, 
and  to  examine  what  pretended  Acts  or  Orders 
have  paired,  which  are  inconfiftent  with  the  Go- 
vernment, by  King,  Lords,  and  Commons,  and 
report  them,  with  their  Opinion  thereon,  to  this 
Houfe  ;  and  alfo  to  offer  fuch  Expedients,  as  may 
carry  on  the  Courts  of  Juftice  of  this  Kingdom  j  and 
how  Fines,  Recoveries,  AfTurances,  Judgments, 
and  Decrees,  pafled,  may  be  confirmed  and  made 
good.  Mr.  Prynne,  Mr.  Finch,  Lord  Falkland^ 
Mr.  Turner,  Sir  William  Lewis,  Serjeant  Hales,  Sir 
Walter  Erie,  Sir  Anthony  JJhley  Cooper,  Lord  Com- 

miflioner  Tyrrel, Cope,  Serjeant  Glynne,  Lord 

Commiflioner  Widdrington,  Sir  'John  Court  op,  and 
all  the  Gentlemen  of  the  Long  Robe. 

May  2.  The  Lords  did  nothing  material  this 
Day,  but  what  will  be  taken  Notice  of  in  the  Pro- 
ceedings of  the  Commons,  except  reading,  a  firft 
and  fecond  Time,  an  Ordinance  for  making  George 
Monke,  Efq;  Captain-General  of  all  the  Land- 
Forces,  &c.  and  committing  it.  They  alfo  ordered, 
That  the  Committee  for  Privileges  do  take  into 
their  Confideration  the  great  Violation  that  hath 
lately  been  made  upon  the  Peers  of  this  Kingdom. 

The  Houfe  of  Commons  were  bufy,  this  Day,  in 
altering  and  correcting  the  Form  of  an  Anfwer  to 
the  King's  Letter  to  them  ;  which,  being  all  read, 
was  agreed  to,  and  ordered  to  be  fuperfcribed, 
To  the  King's  Moft  Excellent  Majejly.  Ordered  that 
Sir  John  Grenville  be  called  to  the  Bar,  and  that 
the  Speaker  return  him  Thanks  for  his  Care,  more- 
over the  Houfe  voted  him  500 /.  to  buy  him  a  Jewel, 
as  a  Teftimony  of  their  Refpecls  to  him,  and  as  a 
Badge  of  Honour,  for  bringing  fo  gracious  a  Letter 
from  the  King's  Majefty  to  this  Houfe.  Ordered  that 
the  Council  of  State  do  take  Care  to  pay  the  faid 
500/.  to  Sir  John,  forth  with,  out  of  the  Contingences 
of  the  Council. — More  of  this  hereafter. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        259 

A  Meflage  came  from  the  Lords  to  acquaint  this 
Jloufe,  That  they  had  appointed  a  Committee  of 
eight  Lords  to  meet  Another  of  the  Commons,  to 
confider  of  an  Anfwer  to  his  Majefty's  gracious 
Letter  and  Declaration.  To  which  the  Commons 
returned  this  Al'fwer,  by  Sir  Henry  Cbolmley,  That 
they  had  already  agreed  upon  an  Anfwer  to  the  King's 
Letter,  directed  to  them,  and  intended  to  fend  it  to 
his  Majefty  by  fome  Members  of  their  own  EToufe  ; 
and  he  was  alfo  to  acquaint  their  Lprdfhips,  That 
the  Commons  had  concurred  with  them  in  their  Vote 
touching  the  Fundamental  Government  of  the  King' 

Alderman  Robinfon  informed  the  Houfe,  That  be 
was  commanded,  by  the  Lord  Mayor,  AJdermen, 
and  Common  Council  of  the  City  of  London,  to  ac- 
quaint them  that  they  had  received  a  Letter a  an4 
Declaration  from  the  King's  Majefty,  by  the  Hands 
of  the  Lord  Vifcount  Mordaunt  and  Sir  'John  Gren- 
ville ;  and  that  they  defire  the  Leave  of  this  Houfe 
to  give  an  Anfwer  to  them;  tp  which  the  floufe 
i;eadily  agreed. 

May  3.  This  Day,  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  the 
Earl  of  Manchefter  reported  the  Draught  of  an  An- 
fwer to  the  King's  gracious  Letter  to  their  Houfe  j 
•which,  being  read,  was  approved  of,  and  ordered  to 
be  fent  to  the  King  by  the  Earls  of  Oxford,  lVar~ 
<ivick,  Middlesex?  VifcoumHergford,  Lord  Berkeley, 
and  Lord  Brooke;  who  were  to  confider  what  Time 
they  defire  to  prepare  themfelves  to  go.  A  Meflage 
was  fent  dowjn  to  the  other  Houfe,  to  acquaint  them 
with  this  Vote.  The  Letter  of  the  Peers  to  the 
King  is  entered  in  their  Journals,  and  was  in  hi/ 

For  the  KIN  G'S  Mofl  Excellent  Maje/fy, 
Moft  Gracious  Sovereign, 

<  X7"OUR  loyal  Subjects  the  Peers,  now  afiem-The  Anfw*r  of 
«    j[     bled,  .do,  with  all  Humility  and  Thankful- the  Houfe  of 
6  nefs,  return  their  Acknowledgments  to  ypur  Ma-  £U,tj3j 

a  Before  given  at  p.  247. 

260     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter- regnum.  c  jefty  for  your  gracious  Letter  and  Declaration  5  and 
^"L     .*  do  efteem  it  their  greateft  Honour  that  your  'Ma- 
Ma^      *'  iefty  is  pleafed  to  exprefs  a  Confidence  oif  their 
ay"        <  Counfels  and  Endeavours  for  the  compofing  the 
'  fad  and  'unhappy  Diffractions  of  your  Kingdoms  ; 
'  and  they  .own  this  as  their  great  Advantage,  that 

*  they  may  now  act  in  Difcharge  of  their  own  Duty 

*  by  your  Majefty's  Command.     Your  Majefty's 

*  great  and  many  Sufferings  have  long  affec*t.ed  their 
«  Hearts  with  deep  Refentments  of  Trouble  and 
'  Sorrow;  but  the  fame  Power  that  uiurped  and  pro- 
'  faned  your  Sceptre,  diverted  them  of  their  Rights 

*  and  Privileges, 'and  kept  them  under  Mich  PrefTures 
'  and  Difficulties,  as  they  were  rendered  incapable 
'  of  ferving  your  Majefty  in  order  to  thofe  Ends,  to 
'  which  their  Duty  and  Allegiance  did  engage  them. 

*  It  hath  been  their  conftant  Defire  that  the  Nation 

*  had  continued  happy  and  innocent;  but  yourMa- 
'  jefty's  Piety  and  Wifdom  hath  {hewed  you  to  what 

*  Degree  your  Clemency  is  to  be  extended ;  and  we 

*  hope  all  your  Subjects  will  anfwer  your  Majefty's 
'Grace  and  Favour  to  the  utmoft  Point  of  Fide- 
'  lity  and    Obedience.      The  Peers  have    a    juft 

*  Ground  to  own  a  more  particular  Dependence  and 
c  Subferviency  to  the  Throne  of  Majefty,  not  only 

*  by  the  Prefcriptions  of  Law,  but  by  that  AfFeclion 

*  and  Duty  which  is  fixed  in  their  Hearts  upon  the 
e  Foundations  of  Loyalty,  which  gives  them  the 
'  Privilege  to  ftile  themfelves 

Tour  Majefty 's  mo  ft  loyal, 
Moft  dutiful, 

Weflminfter,  May  3,7-  .     .        a     ... 

I660<     '     ^          And  moji  obedient 

Subje£ls  and  Servants. 

Signed  in  the  Name,  and  by  the  Command^  of  the 
faid  Houfe  of-  Peers \  by 

Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  pro  Tern  pore. 

And,  as  if  the  Lords  intended  to  vie  with  theHoufe 
of  Commons  inTeftimonies  of  Loyalty  to  their  Sove- 

Of   ENGLAND,        261 

reign,  an  Order  was  made,  That  the  Statues  of  the  inter-regnum. 
late  King's  Majefty  be  fet  up  again  in  all  the  Places        l66°- 
from  whence  they  were  pulled  down  :  And  that  the    ' — luT*^ 
Arms  of  the  Commonwealth  be  demolifhed  and  ta- 
ken away  wherever  they  are,  and  the  King's  Arms 
be  put  up  in  their  Stead  :  That  the  King's  Majefty 
be  publickly  prayed  for  by  all  Minifters  in  their 
Churches :  And,  laftly,  that  fome  Place  be  confi- 
d^ered  of  where  General  Monke's  Statue  may  be  fet 
up.     All  which  Particulars  were  referred  to  thei 
Committee  of  Privileges  to  confider  of  and  make 
Report  to  the  Houfe. 

An  Order  was  made  by  the  Lords  to  put  a  Stop, 
or  Stay,  to  the  demolifhing,  defacing,  or  commit- 
ting Wafte,  in  the  Houfes  or  Lands,  Park,  Woods, 
&c.  belonging  to  the  King,  the  Duke  of  Bucking- 
ham, the  Earl  of  Worce/far^  and  fome  other  of  the 
Peers,  where  fad  Havock  had  been  made  for  fome 

The  Houfe  of  Commons  heard  feveral  Reports, 
from  their  Committee  of  Privileges  and  Elections, 
concerning  double  Returns,  which  were  regulated. 
Amongft  thefe  we  find  that  Edmund  Ludlow^  Efq; 
our  Mem'orialifl:,  was  voted  duly  elected  for  the  Bo- 
rough of  tiindon,  in  Wilts  \  but  then  he  was  order'J 
to  attend  the  Service  of  the  Houfe  on  that  Day 

A  Committee  of  this  Houfe  had  been  appointed 
to  go  to  the  City  of  Londcnt  to  borrow  Money  of 
them  for  the  prefent  Occafions ;  who  returning, 
Mr.  Annejley  reported  from  them,  That  they  had 
treated  with  the  Lord  Mayor,  fcr'c.  for  a  Loan  of 
IOO,OOO /.  which  the  City  was  willing  to  advance 
on  the  Security  of  an  Ordinance  for  three  Months 
AiBfirnent ;  the  Money  arifmg  from  it  to  be  paid 
in  to  the  Chamber  of  London;  and  that  their  Cham- 
berlain fhould  be  Receiver  for  the  whole.  The 
Houfe  agreed  to  this  Propofal ;  and  alfo  voted  6  /. 
fur  Cent.  Inrereft,  from  the  Time  of  receiving  to 
the  paying  in  the  Sum.  An  Ordinance  for  three 
Months  AiTefiment  was  ordered  to  be  brought  in  the 
ncxi  Morning. 

R  3  The 

262    'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

The  Committee  who  were  ordered  to  prepare 
the  aforefaid  Ordinance, "were  alfoto  confider  how 
the  50,000 /.  which  was  voted  to  be  prefented 
to  his  Majefty  may  be  remitted  to  him,  to  his  beft 
Advantage,  and  ib  that  there  be  no  Lofs  upon  the 

The  Houfe  being  informed  that  Sir  John  Gren~ 
'ville,  who  brought  the  King's  Letter,  was  at  the 
Door,  he  was  called  in  to  receive  the  Thanks  of 
this  Houfe,  according  to  the  Order  of  Yefterday  ; 
who,  ftanding  at  the  Bar,  the  Speaker  faid  to  him, 
in  Effect,  as  followeth  : 

$!?  jtbti  Grtn-  t  sjr  J0kn  Grenvit/e,  I  need  not  tell  you  with 
Sfs  eaker.dbXwhat  gratefu'  and  thankful  Hearts  the  Commons, 
now  aflembled  in  Parliament,  have  received  his 
Majeftyrs  gracious  Letter :  Res  ipfe  loquitur :  You 
yourfelf  have  been  ocularis  &  auricularis  Teftis  de 
J^ei  Veritate :  Our  Bells  and  our  Bonfires  have 
already  proclaimed  his  Majefty's  Goodnefs,  and 
our  Joys.  We  have  told  the  People  that  our 
King;,  the  Glory  of  England,  is  coming  home  again; 
and  "they  have  refounded  it  back  again  in  our  Ears, 
that  they  are  ready,  and  their  Hearts  are  open,  to 
receive  him.  Both  Parliament  and  People  have 
cried  aloud  to  the  King  of  Kings,  in  their  Prayers, 
Long  live  King  Charles  the  Second  !  ! 

4  Sir,  1  am  likevvife  to  tell  you,  that  this  Houfe 
doth  not  think  it  fit  that  you  fhould  return  back  to 
our  Royal  Sovereign,  without  fome  Teftimony  of 
Refpect  to  yourfelf:  They  have  therefore  ordered 
and  appointed  that  500 /.  fhall  be  delivered  to  you 
to  buy  a  Jewel,  as  a  Badge  of  that  Honour  which 
is  due  to  a  Perfon  whom  the  King  hath  honoured 
to  be  MelTenger  of  fo  gracious  a  Meflage  :  And  I 
am  commanded,  in  the  Name  of  the  Houfe,  to  re- 
turn you  their  very  hearty  Thanks.' 

After  this  the  Houfe  lent  a  MefTage  to  the  Lords 
by  Sir  William  Lewis,  to  acquaint  their  Lordfhips, 
That  they  had  prepared  an  Anfwer  to  his  Majefty'a 
gracious  Letter  fent  to  their  Houfe,  and  that  they 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       263 

ntended  to  fend  the  fame  by  fome  Members  of  their 

'  Refolved,  That,  for  determining  what  Members 
of  this  Houfe  (hall  carry  the  Letter  to  his  Majefty,  the 
feveral  Members  of  it  (hall  put  in  Papers  of  Names ; 
and  that  it  be  referred  to  a  Committee  to  view  thofe 
Papers,  and  make  Report  to  the  Houfe  who  have 
the  greateft  Number  of  Voices.  Sir  Henry  Yelver- 
ton,  Major-General  Brown,  Sir  Henry  Cholmley^ 
and  the  Lord  Howard,  were  nominated  a  Commit- 
tee accordingly/ 

'  Ordered,  alfo,  That  the  Letter  agreed  to  by  this 
Houfe,  in  Anfwer  to  his  Majefty's  gracious  Letter, 
fliall  be  kept  by  the  Clerk,  under  fuch  Privacy,  that 
no  Copy  thereof  may  come  to  any  Hand,  till  it  hath 
been  communicated  to  his  Majefty.' 

This  Letter  is  not  entered  in  the  Journals ;  but 
we  have  a  Copy  of  it  in  our  Collection,  printed,  by 
Order  of  the  Commons,  by  Edward  Hit/bands  and 
Thomas  New(omby  from  which  Authority  we  give  it. 

To  the  KING'S  Moft  Excellent  Majejly, 

Mojl  Royal  Sovereign, 

your  Majefty's  moft  loyal  Subjects,  the  The  Anfwer  of 
Commons  of  England  affembled  in  Par  the  Houfe  of 
«  liament,  do,  with  all  Humblenefs,  prefent  u 

*  your  Majefty  the  unfeigned  Thankfulnefs  of  our 
«  Hearts,  for  thofe  gracious  Expreflions  of  Piety  and 
'  Goodnefs,  and  Love  to  us  and  the  Nations  under 

*  your  Dominion,  which  your  Majefty's  Letter  of 
'  April  ft*  dated  from  Breda,  together  with  the 

*  Declaration  inclofed  in  it,  of  the  fame  Date,  do 

*  fo  evidently  contain  ;  for  which  we  do,  in  the  firft 

*  Place,  look  up  to  the  great  King  of  Kings*  and 

*  blefs  his  Name,  who  hath  put  thefe  Thoughts  in- 

*  to  the  Heart  of  our  King,  to  make  him  glorious  in 
'  the  Eyes  of  his  People,  as  thofe  great  Deliverances 
«  which  that  Divine  Majefty  hath  afforded  unto  your 

*  Royal  Perfon  from  many  Dangers,  and  the  Sup- 
1  port  which  he  hath  given  unto  your  heroic  and 

*  princely  Mind,  under  various  Trials,  make  it  ap- 

4  pea* 

264       'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  *  pear  to  all  the  World,  that  you  are  precious  in  his 
1660.       *  Sight> 

^^j^"""^         *  And  give  us  Leave  to  fay,  That  as  your  Ma- 

*  jefty  is  pleafed  to  declare  your  Confidence  in  Par- 

*  Jiamcnts,  your  Efteem  of  them,  and  this  your 
'  Judgment  and  Character  of  them,  That  they  arii 

*  fo  neccflary  for  the  Government  of  the  Kingdom, 

*  that  neither  Prince  nor  People  can  be  in  any  tole- 

*  rable  Degree  happy  without  them ;  and  therefore 
6  fay,  that  you  will  hearken  unto  their  Counfels,  be 

*  tender  of  their  Privileges,  and  careful  to  preferve 

*  and  protect  them  :  So  we  truft,  and  will  with  all 
4  Humility  be  bold  to  affirm,  That  your  Majefty 

*  will  not  be  deceived  in  us,  and  that  we  will  never 

*  depart  from  that  Fidelity  which  we  owe  unto  your 

*  Majefty,  that  Zeal  which  we  bear  unto  your  Ser- 
'  vice,  and  a  conftant  Endeavour  to  advance  your 
'  Honour  and  Greatnefs. 

'  And  we  befeech  your  Majefty  we  may  add  this 

*  further,  for  the  Vindication  of  Parliaments,  and 

*  even  of  the  laft  Parliament  convened  under  your 

*  Royai  Father,  of  happy  Memory ;  when,  as  your 
e  Majefty  well  obferves,  through  Miflakes  and  Mif- 
'  undcrftanding>,  many  Inconveniences  were  pro- 

*  d-uccd  which  were  not  intended  :  That  thofe  very 

*  Inconveniences  could  not  have  been  brought  upon 

*  us  by  thofe  Perfons  who  had  defigned  them,  with- 

*  out  firft  violating  the  Parliament  itfelf ;  for  they 

*  well  knew  it  was  not  poflible  to  do  a  Violence  to 

*  that  facrcd  Perfon,  whilft  the  Parliament,  which 

*  had  vowed  and  covenanted  for  the  Defence  and 
e  Safety  of  that  Perfon,  remained  entire.     Surely, 

*  Sir,  as  the  Perfons  of  our  Kings  have  ever  been 

*  dear  unto  Parliaments,  fo  we  cannot  think  of  that 

*  horrid  Act  committed  againft  the  precious  Life  of 
e  our  late  Sovereign,  but  with  fuch  a  Deteftation  and 

*  Abhorrency  as  we  want  Words  to  exprefs  it. 

*  And,  next  to  wifhing  it  had  never  been,  we  wifh 
'  it  may  never  be  remembered  by  your  Majefty,  to 
e  be  unto  you  an  Occafion  of  Sorrow,  as  it  will  ne- 
8  ver  be  remembered  by  us,  but  with  that  Grief  and 
c  Trouble  of  Mind  which  it  Jeferves,  being  the 

*  greateit 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       265 

e  greateft  Reproach  that  ever  was  incurred  by  any  inter-  regnum. 
'  of  the  Englljb  Nation  ;  an  Offence  to  all  the  Pro-        1660. 
*•  teftant  Churches  abroad,  and  a  Scandal  to  the  *-—  ""V 
'  Profeffion  of  the  Truth  of  Religion  here  at  home  ; 
c  though  both  Profefiion  and  true  Profeflbrs,  and  the 
'  Nation  itfelf,  as  well  as  the  Parliament,  were  mofl 
<  innocent  of  it,  having  been  only  the  Contrivance 
*  and  A&  of  fome  few  ambitious  and  bloody  Per- 
'  fons,  and  fuch  others  as,  by  their  Influence,  were 

'  And  as  we  hope  and  pray  that  God  vtfill  not  irri- 

*  pute  the  Gailt  of  it,  nor  of  all  the  evil  Confe- 
'  quences  thereof  unto  the  Land,  whofe  Divine  Ju- 

<  flice  never  involves  the  Guiltlefs  with  the  Guilty, 
«  fo  we  cannot  but  give  due  Praife  to  your  Majefty's 
'  Goodnefs,  who  are  pleafed  to  entertain  fuch  re- 

<  conciled  and  reconciling  Thoughts;  and  with  them. 

<  not  only  meet,  but,  as  it  were,  prevent  your  Par- 
'  liament  and  People;  propofmg  yourfelf,  in  a  great 
4  Mealure,  and  inviting  the  Parliament  to  confider 

*  further,  and  advife  your  Majefty  what  may  be  ne- 

*  ccfiary  to  reftore  the  Nation  to  what  it  hath  loir, 
«  raife  up  again  the  Banks  and  Fences  of  it,  and 
'  make  the  Kingdoms  happy,  by  the  Advancement 
'  of  Religion,  the  fecuring  our  Laws,  Liberties,  and 
'  Eftates,  and  the  removing  of  all  Jealou'fies  and 
«  Animofities  which  may  render  our  Peace  lefs  cer- 
'  tain  and  durable  j  wherein  your  Majefty  gives  a 
'  large  Evidence  of  your  great   Wifdom  judging 
'  aright;  that,  after  fo  high  a  Diftemper,  and  fuch 
c  an  univerfal  fliakingof  the  very  Foundations,  grsat 
c  Care  muft  be  had  to  repair  the  Breaches,   and 
4  much  Circumfpe6tion  and  Induftry  ufed  to  provide 
c  Things  neceffary  for  the  ftrengthening  of  thole 
4  Repairs,  and  preventing  whatever  may  difturb  and 

*  weaken  them. 

4  We  (hall  immediately  apply  ourfelves  to  the  pre* 

*  paring  of  thefe  Things  ;  and  in  a  very  fhort  Time, 

*  we  hope,  be  able  to  prefent  them  unto  your  Maje- 

*  fty  :     And,   for  the  prefent,  do,  with  all  humble 
'  Thankfulness,  acknowledge  your  Grace  and  p'a- 

*  vour,  in  afTurins;  us  of  your  Royal  Concurrence 

*  with 

266       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

'  with  us,  and  faying,  That  we  (hall  not  expect  any 
'  thing  from  you,  but  what  you  will  be  as  ready  to 

*  give  as  we  to  receive.     And  we  cannot  doubt  of 
c  your  Majefty's  effectual  Performance,  fmce  your 

*  own  Princely  Judgment  hath  prompted  unto  you 

*  the  Neceflity  of  doing  fuch  Things ;  and  your 

*  Piety  and  Goodnefs  hath  carried  you  to  a  free 
'  Tender  of  them  to  your  faithful  Parliament. 

'  You  fpeak  as  a  gracious  King,  and  we  will  do 

*  what  befits  dutiful,  loving,   and  loyal  Subjects, 
'  who  are  yet  more  engaged  to  honour,  and  highly 
'  efteem  your  Majefty  for  your  declining,  as  you  are 

*  pleafed  to  fay,  all  foreign  Afiiftance,  and  rather 

*  truft  to  your  People;  who>  we  do  affure  your  Ma- 

*  jelly,  will,  and  do,  open  their  Arms  and  Hearts  to 

*  receive  you,  and  will  fpare  neither  their  Eftates 
4  nor  their  Lives,  when  your  Service  fliall  require  it 
'  of  them. 

*  And  we  have  yet  more  Caufe  to  enlarge  our 
'  Praifes  and  our  Prayers  to  God  for  your  Majefty,  that 
'  you  have  continued  unfhaken  in  your  Faith:  That 
'  neither  theTemptation  of  Allurements,  Perfuafions, 
'  and Promifes from  feducingPapifts  on  theoneHand, 

*  nor  the  Perfecution  and  hardUfage  from  fome  feduced 

*  and  mifguided  Profeflbrs  of  the  Proteftant  Reli- 

*  gion  on  the  other  Hand,  could  at  all  prevail  up- 
*•  on  your  Majefty  to  make  you  forfake  the  Rock  of 
'  Ifrae!,  the  God  of  your  Fathers,  the  true  Proteftant 
'  Religion,  in  which  your  Majefty  hath  been  bred  ; 
c  but  you  have  flill  been  as  a  Rock  yourfeif,  firm  to 

*  your  Covenant  with  your  and  our  God,  even  now 
'  expreffing  your  Zeal  and  Affection  for  the  Pro- 
'  teftant  Religion,  and  your  Care  and  Study  for  the 

*  Propagation  thereof.     This  hath  been  a  Rejoicing 

*  of  Heart  to  all  the  Faithful  of  the  Land,  and  an 

*  Afiii ranee  to  them  that  God  would  not  forfake 

*  you ;  but  after  many  Trials,   which  fhould  but 
'  make  you  more  precious,  as  Gold  out  of  the  Fire, 

*  reftore  your  Majefty  unto  your  Patrimony  and 
'  People  with  more  Splendour  and  Dignity,   and 

*  make  you  the  Glory  of  Kings,  and  the  Joy  of 

4  your 

Of   ENGLAND.       267 

<  your  Subjects ;  which  is,  and  ever  (hall  be,  the  later- regnum. 
«  Prayer  of  your  Majefty's  moft  loyal  Subjeds  the   ^J     ^ 
«  Commons  of  England  afiembled  in  Parlament.'  M^yi"     ' 

Signed  by  the  Order,  and  in  the  Name,  of  your 
Majefty's  Subjetfs  the  Commons  of  England  af» 
fembled  in  Parliament , 


Wtflmiujler,  May  a,  7      Speaker  of  the  Commons  Houfe  of 
166°'         *  Parliament. 

«  Refolved,  fcfr.  That  a  Committee  of  this  Houfe 
be  appointed  to  confider  of  the  King's  Majefty's 
Letter  and  Declaration,  and  for  preparing  of  Bills 
accordingly,  viz.   Mr.   Finch,  Serjeant   Maynard, 
Lord  Howard,  Mr.  Recorder  of  London,  Mr.  Good- 
ricke,   Col.  Bowyer,    Sir  Walter  Erie,   Sir  Gilbert 
Gerrard,    Mr.   Swaile,    Mr.   Holies,   Sir   Edward 
Deering,  Mr.  Morrice,  Mr.  Francis  Gerrard,  Lord  - 
General,  Mr.  Charlton,  Mr.  Peirepont,  Sir  Richard 
Onflow,  Mr.  Bunckley,  Sir  Horatio  Townfend,  Col. 
Maffey,  Mr.  Clifford,  Sir  JM*  Holland,  Lord  /&r- 
forJ,   Sir  William  Waller,   Sir  George  Booth,    Lord 
Falkland,  Mr.  Cr*iw,  Sir  .fo^r/  />,  Mr.  T^tf, 
Mr.  Brcdrick,  Sir  ZW/*y  ,?vV/£,  Col.  £/VvA,  Sir 
Trevor  Williams,  Mr.  Clapham,  Sir  Henry  Telvertcn% 
Mr.  Williams,  Mr.  Swinfin,  Mr.  Annefley,  Col.  Afor- 
%,   Mr.   Knigbtley,  Mr.  Dunch,  Sir  Anthony  Irby, 
Mr.  Onjlow,  Sir  (William  Le^vis,  Col.  Hurley^  Lord 
Bulkley,  Mr.  Henry  Hungerford,  Mr.  Stanhope,  Mr. 
Boderda,  Sir  '^^«  Evelyn  of  Wilts,  Sir  y<^«  Evelyn 
of  Sitrry,  Mr.  Clobery,  Mr.  Turner,  Lord  Howard, 
Sir  Thomas  Spencer,  Mr.  Daivnay,  and  all  the  Gen- 
tlemen of  this  Houfe  of  the  Long  Robe.  This  Com- 
mittee have  Power  to  prepare  a  Bill  for  taking  away 
Tenures  /»  Capite,  and   by  Knights  Service,  and 
Socage  i»  Capite,  and  alfo  of  the  Court  of  Wards  ; 
and  to  confider  and  propound  to  this  Houfe,  how 
one  hundred  thoufand  Pounds  a  Year  may  be  raifed 
and  fettled  on  his  Majefty,   in  Compenfation  for 
Wardfhips  and  Liveries,  and  the  Court  of  Wards  : 
And  this  Committee  are  to  meet  in  the  Inner  Court 


268     Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

ifa,  of  Wards,  at  Three  of  the  Clock  this  Afternoon; 
1660.        and  Mr.  finch  is  to  take  Care  of  this  jBuhnefs.' 

May  4.  The  Lords,  after  doing  fome  other  Bu- 
finefs  of  lefs  Confequence,  heard  a  Report  from  the 
Earl  of  Dorfet,  That  the  Committee  had  fent  a 
Draught  of  an  Order,  concerning  the  Affair  of  the 
nine  Lords,  formerly  impeached  ;  which  was  read 
and  approved  of  by  the  Houfe  as  follows  : 

*  Whereas,  upon  Wednesday  the  20th  Day  of 
Jttlyt  1642,  it  was,  by  the  Lords,  then  aflembled1  in 
this  High  Court  of  Parliament,  awarded  and  ad- 
judged,  in  thefe  Words  following;   that  is  to  fay, 
That  Spencer  Earl  of  Northampton^  William  Earl 
of  Devon/hire,  Henry  Earl  of  Dover ,   Henry  Earl 
of  Monmouth^  Charles  Lord  Howard  of  Chnrlton^ 
Robert  Lord  Rich,  Charies  Lord  Grey  of  Ruthen^ 
Thomas  Lord  Coventry^  Arthur  Lord  Capell,  Ih all 
not  fit  or  vote  in  the  Lords  Houfe,  during  this 
prefent  Parliament,- nor  enjoy  the  Privileges  of 
Parliament  j  that  they  fhall  Hand  committed  t6 
the  Tower  during  the  Pleaiure  of  this  Houfe  :* 
With  other  Matters  therein  contained,  as  by  the 
faid  Judgment,  or  Award,  remaining  on  Record, 
may  appear.     Now,  upon  ierious  Debate  ant1  Con- 
federation hao  bv  the  Lords  now  r.flembled  in  Par- 
liament, of  the  faid  fudgment,  or  Award,  and  of 
the  Matters  and  Thirds  therein  contained,  they  do 
declare,  ordain,  and  adjudge  the  faid  Judgment,  or 
Award,  and  every  Matter  therein,  fhal!  be  repealed, 
annulled,  and  made  void,  and  the  fame  is  hereby 
repealed,  annulled,  and  made  void,  to  all  Intents 
and  Purpofes,  as  if  no  fuch  Judgment  had  been 

The  Committee,  according  to  Order,  had  now 
began  to  prepare  Dills,  to  be  offered  to  the  King  on 
h;;  lieturn,  for  the  Security  of  the  Parliament  itfelf, 
and  of  'their  Properties  who  had  purch?fed  Lands, 
&c.  under  Titles,  depending  wholly  on  the  late 
Revolutions.  ArJ,  firft,  Mr.  Finch  did  this  Day 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       269 

exhibit  a  Bill  to  the  Houfe,  declaring  the  Continu-  inter-regnum. 

ance  of  this  prefent  Parliament,   which  was  read  a        l66°- 

£rft  and  fecond  Time,  and  committed.     The  faid    ^"T^"""""* 

Gentleman  alfo  brought  another  Bill,  concerning 

Lands  purchafed  from  the  Truftees  of  the  late  Par- 

Jiament,  which  was  likewife  read  twice,  and  com- 


.     A  Declaration  ordered  to  be  prepared,  to  give 

Notice  to  the  People,    That  there  will  be  no  Pro- 

ceedings in  Wejlmin/ler-  Hall  next  Rafter-Term^  up- 

on Caufes  depending  in  any  of  the  Courts,  till  the 

two  laft  Returns  of  the  faid  Term.     Agreed  to  by 

the  Lords. 

The  Recorder  of  the  City  of  London^  Alderman 
Vincent^  Alderman  Robinfon,  and  Alderman  Blud- 
worth^  had  Leave  given  them  by  the  Houfe  to  go  to 
the  King,  with  a  Letter  from  the  City,  in  Anfwer 
to  another  the  City  received  from  his  Majefty;  which 
Letter  was  as  follows  : 

May  it  pleafe  your  Moft  Excellent 

*  "V^OUR  Majefty's  moftleyaj,  humble,  and  af-The  City  of 

feaionate  Subjects,  the  Mayor,  Aldermen,  Lww'c«'sAnfwef 

c        j  /~«  c    i_-  /"••          c  r       i        i    •       to  the  King's 

*  and  Commons  of  this  your  City  of  London,  being  Letter. 

*  this  Day  afTembled  in  Common  Council,  received 

*  your  Majefty  's  gracious  Letter  and  Declaration  of 
'•  the  -&th  of  April  laft,  by  the  Hands  of  the  Rt.  Hon. 
'  the  Lord  Vifcount  Mor  daunt  and  Sir  John  Gren- 

*  ville  ;  in  which  they  find  that  God   hath  been 
'  pleafed  at  laft  to  give  a  bountiful  Return  to  their 
'  conftant  Prayers,  patient  Hopes,  and  loyal  Endea- 
'  vours,  by  yo.ur  Majefty's  Owning  and  Acceptance 
'  thereof,  and  by  inclining  your  Princely  Heart  to 

*  defcend  fo  far,  not  only  to  impart  to  them  your 
'  Majefty's  benign  Declaration  of  Grace  extended 

*  to  your  Majefty's  Subjects  in  general,  but  alfo  to 
'  convey  it  to  them  under  a  particular  Afiurance  of 
'  ipecial  Love,  and  Tendernefs  to  this  City,  to  which 
'  they  prefume  not  to  intitle  themfelves  on  any  other 
4  Account,  than  upon  that  of  your  Majefty's  gracious 
'  Inclinations  ;  for  they  confefs  that  all  thofe  Mani- 
'  feftations  of  their  AiFedlions,  for  which  your  Ma- 

r.  .          -  jefty 

270      'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Inter-regnum.  '  jefty  is  pleafed  to  put  thofe  fignal  Marks  of  Favour 
1660.  <  upon  this  City,  were  but  a  partial  Payment  of  that 

*— — v-*'  *  Duty  which  they  owe  to  your  Majefty's  Right  as 
M*y*  '  Subjects,  and  Virtues  as  Chriftians:  And  therefore, 

*  as  they  defire  to  blefs  God  for  inclining  the  Hearts 

<  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament  this  Day  to  exprefs 
«  their  joyful  Senfe  of,  and  their  humble  and  hearty 
6  Thanks  for,  your  Majefty's  gracious  Offers,  and 

*  to  profefs  their  Loyalty  and  Duty  to  your  Majefty, 
«  fo  they  defire  that  their  intire  and  unanimous  Con- 

<  currence  therein  may,  in  its  Place,  find  your  gra- 
«  cious  Acceptance ;  which  they  hope  your  Majefty 
«  will  give  them  Leave,  in  all  Humility,  to  claim, 
«  when  your  Majefty  (hall  have  feen  their  inclofed 

<  Declaration  and  Vindication,  which  their  Inno- 

*  cence  and  Affections  warranted  them  to  publifh  to 
'  the  World,  before  they  received  the  Honour  and 
'  Encouragement  of  your  Majefty's  Letter.     And 
«  they  cannot  omit  to  acquaint  your  Majefty,  that 
'  the  moft  eminent  and  clear  Characters  of  your 

*  Princely  Goodnefs,  exprefted  in  this  your  Letter 

*  and  Declaration,  hath,  as  by  a  Miracle,  at  once 

*  bound  them  all  up  in  one  common  Band  of  Loy- 
'  alty  to  your  Majefty,  and  Affection  among  them- 

*  felves,  and  given  them  more  than  pregnant  Hopes, 
'  that  God  will  fuddenly  eftablifti  your  Majefty  in  an 

*  honourable  and  peaceful  Government  of  thefe  your 

*  Kingdoms,  and  fix  you  among  them  as  the  Center, 

*  in  which  all  the  oppofite  Lines  of  the  diftra£ted  In- 
'  terefts  of  this  Nation  will  meet  and  acquiefce,  to 

*  the  Glory  of  God,  and  the  perpetual  Settlement, 

*  Peace,  and  Welfare  of  your  Subjects.    They  have 

*  intrufted  their  Fellow-Members,  Thomas  Adams t 
'  Abraham  Reynardfon,   Richard  Brown,   William 

*  Thompfon,  John  Frederick,  John  Robinfon^  Anthony 
6  Bateman,  and  William  Wale,  Aldermen ;  William 
'  Wild)  Efq;  Recorder;  John  Langham,  Sir  James 

*  Bunce^  Bart.    Sir  Nicholas  Crifp,  Knt.    Theophilvg 
'  Biddulpb)  William  Bateman,  Thomas  Chamberlain^ 

*  William  Vincent,    Richard  Ford,  Laurence  Brom- 
6  field,  and  John  Lewes,  Efquires,  to  preferft  to  your 

*  Majefty's  Royal  Hand  this  their  humble  and  hearty 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         271 

*  Profeffion  of  Duty  and  Affection,  and  with  it  a  Inter-regnom* 

*  fmall  Earneft  of  the  Reality  thereof;  which  tho'        l66o> 

*  it  be  extremely  d  if  proportionable  to  your  Royal  U"TT^~^ 

*  Dignity,  and  the  Mealure  of  their  Zeal  to  your 

*  Service,  yet  they  beg  moft  inftantly  that  it  may 

*  find  your  gracious  Acceptance,  as  coming  from 

*  that  City  which  have  been  the  greateft  Sharers  in 

*  the  many  and  heavy  Preflures  and  LoiTes  that  have 
'  befallen  your  Subjects  during  the  Want  of  your 

*  Royal  Protection :  And  afluring  your  Majefty  of 
'  their  continued  Prayers  to  God  for  your  Majefty's 

*  fpeedy   and  fafe  Return  into  thefe  your  panting 
'  Dominions,  that  your  Majefty  may  enjoy  your  un- 
4  doubted  legal  Sovereignty,  and  we  your  Subjects, 

*  the  long'd-for  Influence  thereof,  by  your  maintain- 
'  ing  them  in  the  Exercife  of  the  Proteftant  Religion, 
c  according  to  the  Scriptures,  and  the  Example  of 

*  the  beft  Reformed  Churches,  and  Enjoyment  of 

*  our  Civil  Liberties  and  Properties,  according  to 

*  the  Antient  Fundamental  Laws  of  this  Nation,  and 
'  thofe  other  Immunities  and  Favours  exprefled  in 
'  your  Majefty's  Letter  and  Declaration,  we  do  moft 
'  humbly  take  Leave4  and  have  hereunto  fet  the  Seal 
'  of  this  your  Majefty's  Royal  Chamber,  the  City 

*  of  London,  the  i&ofMay,  1660,' 

May  5.  The  Commons  having  pafled  the  Bill 
this  Morning,  for  continuing  the  prefent  Parlia- 
ment, fent  it  up  to  the  Lords  with  this  Title,  An 
Aft  for  removing  and  preventing  all  Questions  and 
DijputeS)  concerning  the  Affembling  and  Sitting  of 
this  prejent  Parliament.  Which  Bill  the  Lords  read 
twice,  and  committed  it  to  a  Committee  of  the 
whole  Houfe  ;  and  accordingly  the  Houfe  adjourned 
itfelf  into  a  Committee,  and,  when  renamed,  it  was 
ordered,  That  the  Matter  of  this  Bill  be  referred  to 
the  Confideration  of  all  the  Judges  and  Afliftants 
of  this  Houfe,  who  were  to  report  their  Opinions 
on  the  Bill  to  the  Houfe,  on  Monday  Morning  next, 
the  yth  of  AJay. 

Ordered,  That  it  be  referred  to  the  Committee 
for  Privileges,  to  confider  how  the  Peers  of  this 


272     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Interregnum.   Kingdom  may  be  affeffed  by  themfelves,  for  the 
1660.        finding  of  Horfe  and  Arms,   according  to  their  an- 

V*-~\~'-~J  tjent  Privileges,  and  not  to  he  afleffed  by  the  Com- 
tlay'        miflioners  of  the  Militia,  in  the  feveral  Counties. 

The  Commons,  almoft  this  whole  Day,  were 
employed  in  regulating  Elections  of  their  Members? 
on  double  Returns,  &c.  after  which  the  Houfe 
came  to  a  Refolution,  That,  in  all  Cafes  where  the 
Great  Seal  of  England  was  to  be  ufed,  all  Proceed- 
ings fhould  go  in  the  King's  Name  j  and  referred 
it  to  a  Committee  to  confider  from  what  Time  all 
Proceedings  foould  fo  do,  and  what  Seal  fhould  be 
for  the  prefent  ufed. 

Mr.  Annejley^  from  the  Council  of  State,  informed 
the  Houfe,  That  there  were  many  Diftemperatures 
in  feveral  Parts  of  the  Kingdom  j  and  that  unquiet 
Spirits  might  make  an  Advantage  to  foment  new 
Troubles  and  Diftraclions,  by  Pretence  and  Colour 
that  the  Sheriffs,  and  other  public  Minifters  of  Ju- 
ftice, are  not  impowered,  in  this  prefent  Juncture 
of  Affairs,  with  fufficient  Authority,  to  difyenfe  the 
ordinary  Acls  of  Juftice,  belonging  to  their  refpec- 
tive  Places,  for  preferving  of  the  public  Peace.  The 
Council  of  State  did  delire,  That  a  Declaration 
Jhould  be  fet  forth,  for  requiring  all  Officers  of  Ju- 
ftice to  attend  their  Places,  and  the  Duties  thereof, 
as  by  Cominiflion  they  are  enjoyned ;  that  fo  the 
public  Peace  may  be  fecured>  and  the  Juftice  of  the 
Nation  carried  on -without  any  Interruption.  The 
Commons  appointed  a  Committee  to  draw  up  a 
Declaration  accordingly,  which  was  done  and  agreed 
to  by  the  Lords,-  and  was  as  follows  :•• 

A  Declaration  of  r  |  ^H  E  Lords  and  Commons  aflembled  inPar- 
ke^TiT'th*  10r  '  •*•  l'arnent»  having  received  feveral  Informa- 
Peace,  £?c.  *  tlons  tnat  there  hath  been  divers  Tumults,  Riots, 

*  Outrages,  and-Mifdemeanors,  lately  committed  in 
<  fundry  Parts  of  this  Realm,  by  unquiet  and  dif- 
4  contented  Spirits,  to  the  Difturbance  of  the  public 

*  Peace,  and  fomenting  of  new  Troubles,  do  here-' 
4  by  order  and  declare,  That  all  Sheriffs,  Juftices  of 
t  the  Peace,  Mayors,  Conftables,  and  other  Mini- 

Of     ENGLAND.        273 

*  fters  of  public  Juftice,  that  were  in  Office  the  25th 

(  of  April*  1660,  fliall  be  continued  in  their  refpec-?        l66°- 
'  tive  Offices,  and  (hall  exercife  the  fame  in  the 
«  King's  Majefty's  Name  and  Style,  and  (hall  ufe 

*  their  beft  Endeavours  to  fupprefs  and  prevent  alj 
<  Riots,  Tumults,  unlawful  Afiemblies  and  Mifde- 
«  meanors  whatfoever,  againft  the  Laws  and  Peace 

*  of  the  Realm  ;  and  all  treafonable  and  feditious 

*  Words,  Reports,  and  Rumours  againft  his  Maje- 

*  fty's  Royal  Perfon  and  Authority,   and  proceed 
e  againft  all  Offenders  therein  according  to  Law  ancj 

*  Juftice  :   And  all  Military  Officers  and  Soldiers, 

*  and  all  others,  are  to  be  aiding  and  afTifting  tQ 

*  them  therein.' 

The  Houfe  proceeded  to  the  Election  of  twclv§ 
of  their  Members,  who  were  to  go  to  the  King, 
with  their  Letter,  which  was  done  by  Ballot  in  the 
fame  Manner  they  ufed  to  elect  their  Council  of 
State.  The  Number  of  the  Members  then  in  the 
Houfe  were  408,  of  which  four  were  appointed  for 
Tellers,  who  received  a  Paper  from  each  Member 
in  a  Glafs,  with  twelve  Names  wrote  in  it  j  all 
which  were  delivered  to  the  Committee,  who  were 
lo  examine  and  report  the  greateft  Number  of  Voices 
fit  their  Meeting  on  Monday  next, 

May  7.  The  Lord  Hoiuard  brought  in  the  Num- 
bers, when  it  appeared  that  Sir  George  Booth,  Lord, 
Falkland,  Mr.  Holies,  Sir  John  Holland,  Sir  Anthony 
Ajhley  Cooper,  Lord  Bruce,  Sir  Horatio  Town/hend, 
Lord  Herbert,  Lord  Cajileton,  Lord  Fairfax,  Sir: 
Henry  Cbolmley,  and  Lord  Mandeville,  were  duly 
cledted  by  a  Majority,  to  carry  the  Anfwer  to  the 
King's  Letter  from  the  Houfe,  who  were  all  fepa- 
rately  put  to  the  Vote,  and  approved  on  by  them. 

This  Day  both  Houfes  agreed,  that  the  King 
fhould  be  proclaimed  on  the  next;  but,  previous 
to  this  Ceremony,  a  Committee  of  four  Lords  and 
eight  of  the  Commons  were  agreed  on  to  meet  tQ 
Cpjifider  of  the  Manner,  Time,  and  other  Circum- 

VOL.  XXII.  S  ilancesj 

274    *H>e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

ftances,  to  be  obferved  on  that  Occafion.  The 
1660.  Report  of  this  to  be  made  the  fit  ft  Thing  the  next 
"7^~  ~~*  Morning. 

Another  Committee  had  been  appointed  to  dnw 
up  fonie  Orders,  relating  to  Minifters  praying  for  the 
Kin"-,  &c.  and  this  Day  Mr.  Finch  reported  two 
Votes,  which,  upon  the  Queition,  were  agreed  to, 
as  followeth  : 

'  Refolved,  That  all  and  every  the  Minifters 
throughout  the  Kingdoms  of  England  and  Ireland^ 
the  Dominion  of  Wales,  and  Town  of  Berwick  up- 
on Tweed,  do,  and  are  heieby  required  and  enjoined, 
in  their  public  Prayers,  to  pray  for  the  King's  Moft 
Excellent  Majefty,  by  the  Name  of  our  Sovereign 
Lord  Charles,  by  the  Grace  of  God,  of  England, 
Scotland,  France,  and  Ireland,  King,  Defender  of 
the  Faith,  &c.  and  for  the  Moft  Illuftrious  Prince 
James,  Duke  of  York,  and  the  reft  of  the  Royal 

4  Refolved,  That  the  Minifters  who  are  appointed 
to  officiate  before  this  Houfe  upon  Thurfday  next, 
being  the  Day  appointed  for  a  public  Thanlcfgiving, 
and  all  other  Minifters  within  the  Cities  of  London 
and  Weftminfter,  and  the  late  Lines  of  Communica- 
tion, who  in  their  feveral  Churches  and  Chapels  are 
to  carry  on  the  Duties  of  that  Day ;  and  alfo  all 
other  Minifters  who  are,  on  that  Day  Fortnight,  to 
perform  the  like  Duty  throughout  the  Kingdom  of 
England^  the  Dominion  of  Wales,  and  Town  of 
Berwick  upon  Tweed,  {hall  be,  and  are  hereby  en- 
joined, to  return  Thanks  to  Almighty  God,  for  his 
Majefty's  feveral  gracious  Letters  to  both  Houfes  of 
Parliament,  and  to  the  Commanders  in  Chief  of  the 
Forces  both  Sy  Land  and  Sea,  and  to  the  Lord 
Mayor  and  Common  Council  of  the  City  of  Lon- 
don, tr-aethcr  with  the  Declarations  inclofed,  and 
the  juft  and  honourable  Conceifions  therein  con- 
tained ;  and  for  the  hearty,  loyal,  and  dutiful  Con- 
junction of  the  Lords  and  Commons  now  aflembled 
in  Parliament,  and  the  univerfal  Concurrence  of  all 
the  Commanders  and  Forces  both  by  Land  and  Sea, 


Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       275 

to  receive  his  Majefty  into  his  Dominions  and  Go-  Jnter-regnujn. 

vernment,  according  to  their  bounden  Duty  and  the        *66°t 

Laws  of  the  Land ;  and  that  the  Minifters  upon  ^^7^ 

Thurfday  Fortnight  be  enjoined  to  read  his  Maje- 

fty's  Letters  and  Declarations  to  both  Houfes,   in 

their  feveral  Churches  and  Chapels  at  the  fame 


Thefe  Votes  being  communicated  to  the  Lords, 
were  agreed  to  by  them. 

May  8.  This  Day  a  Form  of  a  Proclamation, 
agreed  on  by  a  Committee  of  Lords  and  Commons, 
was  read  and  approved  of  by  both  Houfes,  and  was 
as  followeth : 

<     A    Lthough  it  can  no  way  be  doubted  but  that  Fo""  of  a  Pro* 

*  JTX.  his  Majefty's  Right  and  Title  to  this  Crown  g^Jji** 
'  and  Kingdoms  is,  and  was  every  way,  compleated  by  both  Houfes, 
c  by  the  Death  of  his  moft  Royal  Father,  of  glorious 

'  Memory,  without  the  Ceremony  or  Solemnity  of 
c  a  Proclamation ;  yet,  fmce  Proclamations  in  fuch 
c  Cafes  have  been  always  ufed,  to  the  End  that  all 
c  good  Subjects  might,  upon  this  Occafion,  te-  • 

*  ftiry  their  Duty  and  Refpecl: ;  and  ilnce  the  armed 

*  Violence  and  other  the  Calamities  of  many  Years 

*  laft  paft,  have  hitherto  deprived  us  of  any  fuch 

*  Opportunity,  wherein  we  might  exprefs  our  Loy- 
'  alty  and  Allegiance  to  his  Majefty  :   We,  there- 

*  fore,  the  Lords  and  Commons  now  aflembled  in 

*  Parliament,  together  v/ith  the  Lord  Mayor,  Al- 

*  dermen,  and  Commons  of  the  City  of  London^  and 
'  other  Freemen  of  this  Kingdom,  now  prefent,  do, 
'  according  to  our  Duty  and  Allegiance,    heartily, 

*  joyfully,  and  unanimoufly,  acknowledge  and  pro- 

*  claim,  That,  immediately  upon  the  Deceafe  of 

*  our  late  Sovereign  Lord  King  Charles^  the  Impe- 
'  rial  Crown  of  the  Realm  of  England^   and  of  all 
'  the  Kingdoms,  Dominions,  and  Rights  belonging 

*  to  the  fame,  did,  by  inherent  Birth-right,  and  law- 
4  ful  and  undoubted  Succeflion,  defcend  and  come  to 
'  his  Moft  Excellent  Majefty  Charles  the  Second,  as 

*  being  lineally,  juftly,  and  lawfully,  next  Heir  of 

S   2  «tbf« 

An.  12.  Car.-II. 


Thi  Kino 

276     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

the  Blood-Royal  of  this  Realm  ;  and  that,  by  the 
Goodnefs  and  Providence  of  Almighty  God,  he  is 
of  England,  Scotland,  France,  and  Ireland,  the  moft 
potent,  mighty,  and  undoubted  King;  and  there- 
unto we  do  moft  humbly  and  faithfully  fubmit  and 
oblige  ourfelves,  our  Heirs,  and  Pofterities  for 

ever*'      Dated  the  Stb  Day  of  May,  1660. 

4  Ordered,  That  a  Copy  of  this  Proclamation,  to 
be  figned  by  the  Speakers  of  both  Houfes,  be  forth- 
xvith  fent  to  the  Lord  Mayor  of  the  City  of  London  ; 
and  that  the  Members  of  the  Huufe  of  Commons, 
who  ferve  for  the  feveral  Counties,  Cities,  and  Bo- 
roughs, in  England,  ti^ales,  and  the  Town  of  Ber- 
wick upon  Tvuc>.d,  do  take  Care,  forthwith,  to  fend 
the  SheiifFs,  Mayors,  Bailiffs,  and  other  Head  Offi- 
cers of  thefe  Counties,  &c.  for  which  they  ferved, 
the  Proclamation  for  proclaiming  the  King's  Ma- 
iefty,  that  it  might  be  done  accordingly.  At  the 
fame  Time  was  lent  down  a  Declaration,  touching 
Acts  which  were  preparing  to  be  paffed,  to  be  read 
along  with  the  Proclamation.' 

It  WHS  then  ordered,  '  That  the  Lords  Commif- 
fioners  of  the  Great  Seal,  in  their  Gowns,  with  the 
Purfe  and  Mace  before  them  ;  the  Lord  Prefident 
of  the  Council  of  State,  with  his  Mace,  fhould  at- 
tend the  I'-Voclsmuaon,  next  after  the  Speaker  of  the 
Iloufc  of  Common?.'  And  both  Houfes,  with  their 
Speakers,  went  in  their  Coaches,  in  Proceffion,  at 
the  Solemnity; 
with  gre.LL  Porn} 

Demonflrations  of  Joy,  firft  at  Whitehall^  then  at 
Temple-Bar,  where  they  met  the  Lord  Mayor, 
SneriiTs,  Aldermen,  Common  Council,  and  other 
Officers.  &c.  of  the  City  ;  as  alfo  at  the  Fleet^  Con- 
duit in  Ci}eapjtde,  and  the  Royal  Exchange,  The  fame 
Proclamation  was  foon  after  made  over  all  the  three 

which   was   performed  this   Day, 
and  Ceremony,  and  all  imaginable 

May  9.  Both  Houfes  had  Letters  from  Admiral 
Montagu  at  Sea,  intimating,  That  he  had  received 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       277 

his  Majefty's  Declaration,  and  a  Letter  directed 
General  Monks  and  himfelf,  to  be  communicated  to        J66o« 

the  Fleet,    which  he  had  done  accordingly  :    That    v v^~— J 

all  the  Commanders,  Officers,  and  Seamen,  were  May' 
defirous  that  they  fhould  exprefs  to  his  Majefty 
their  great  Joyfulnefs  of  Heart  for  the  Declara- 
tion, and  Favours  to  them,  in  the  faid  Letter;  as 
alfo  their  Loyalty  and  Duty  to  him.  There- 
fore they  humbly  intreated  the  Houfes  to  know 
their  Pleafure,  whether  fuch  an  Anfwer  fhould  be 
returned  to  his  Majefty  or  not.  Both  the  Speakers 
\vere  ordered  to  write  to  the  Admirals,  to  give  them 
Thanks  for  their  Refpe&s  {hewn  to  them,  and  gave 
them  Leave  to  fend  fuch  an  Anfwer,  either  jointly 
or  feverally,  as  they  fliould  think  fit. 

Mr.  Prynn-e^  from  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
^brought  up  feveral  Votes,  which  they  had  pafied, 
and  defired  their  Lordfhips  Coucurrence  to  them, 
viz.  That  the  King's  Majefty  be  defired  to  make  a 
fpeedy  Return  to  his  Parliament,  and  to  the  Exer- 
cife  of  his  Kingly  Office. — Votes  enjoining  al!  Mi- 
nifters  to  pray  for  the  King. — A  Bill,  intituled,  An 
Aft  for  removing  and  preventing  all  Qutjiions  find 
Difputcs  concerning  the  AJJembling  and  Sitting  of  this 
prejent  Parliament. — That  the  Arms  of  the  Com- 
monwealth, wherever  they  are  ftanding,  be  forth- 
with taken  down,  and  that  the  King's  Arms  be  fet 
up  in  their  Stead :  The  Commons  having  lead  the 
Way,  by  altering  the  Arms  over  their  Speaker's 
Chair,  in  the  fame  Manner.  All  which  Particulais- 
the  Lords  ratified  and  confirmed. 

The  Lords  appointed  a  Committee  to  confider 
and  take  Information  where  any  of  the  Kind's 
Goods,  Jewels,  or  Pictures,  were  placed  ;  and  to 
advife  of  fome  Courfe  how  the  fame  might  be  re- 

ftored  to  his  Majefty. Upon  Information  to  the 

Houfe,  That  Yefterday  a  Breach  of  Privilege  was 
made,  by  the  Prefidcnt  of  the  Council  of  State,  in 
going  before  the  Peers  with  his  Mace,  at  the  Pro- 
claiming of  the  King,  it  was  ordered  to  be  referred 
8  to 

278     'The  Parliamentary  MISTORV 

i  i?.  Car.  II.  to  the  Committee  of  Privileges,  who  were  to  meet 
1660.        tnat  Afternoon  upon  it.     But  this  Affair,   we  fup- 

""7V~1"'<"^    pofe,  was  accommodated  privately,   for  we  find  no 
a'V*         more  in  the  Journals  about  it. 

The  Houfe  of  Commons  had  refolved,  That  all 
Proceedings  fhould  go  in  the  King's  Name,  from 
the  firft  of  May  inclufive ;  and  that  in  all  Cafes 
where  the  Great  Seal  fhall  be  neceflary  to  be  ufedj 
all  Proceedings  do  pafs  accordingly.  Alfo,  that  for? 
carrying  on  and  expediting  the  Juftice  of  the  King- 
dom, the  Great  Seal,  now  remaining  in  the  Cufto- 
cly  of  the  Earl  of  Manche/ter,  and  the  reft  of  the 
Commiffioners,  be  ufed  till  further  Orders.  In  like 
Manner  all  the  Seals  belonging  to  any  other  Courts 
fhould  be  fo  ufed  5  and  all  Procefs  and  Proceedings 
there  run  in  the  Kind's  Name.  The  Lords  agreed 
to  the  laft  Part  of  this  Vote  ;  but,  as  to  the  Seals, 
they  ordered  it  to  be  laid  afide. 

The  Lords  appointed  a  Committee  to  confidef 
how  the  King  was  to  be  received  on  his  Return ; 
and  when  to  be  fent  for,  and  by  whom.  Both 
Houfes  alfo  ordered,  That  Admiral  Montagu  do 
obferve  fuch  Commands  as  the  King's  Majefty  fhall 
pleafe  to  give  him,  for  the  Difpofal  of  the  Fleet,  or 
any  Part  thereof,  in  order  to  his  Return.  A  Com- 
mittee of  twelve  Lords  and  twenty  four  Common- 
ers was  appointed  to  meet  and  prepare  Inftru&ions 
for  thofe  who  were  to  go  with  the  Letters  from  both 
Houfes  to  his  Majefty,  and  they  were  ordered  to  fet 
forward  on  Friday  the  nth  Inftant. 

May  io.  This  being  the  Day  appointed  for  the 
Thr.nfgiving,  both  Houfes  attended  their  Devotions 
in  the  Forenoon  ;  but,  after  Noon,  they  both  met 
again  to  do  Bufinefs.  The  Commons  fent  up  a 
Copy  of  the  Inftructions  for  the  Commiflioners  who 
were  to  go  to  the  King;  which  being  read,  fome 
Alterations  were  made  in  them,  concerning  the 
Arms  of  the  Commonwealth,  and  then  they  were 
agreed  to  by  the  Commons.  They  were  in  thefe 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       279 

INSTRUCTIONS  for  Auberry  Earl  of  Oxford,  An.  12.  Car.  II. 
Charles  Earl  of  Warwick,  Lionel  Earl  of  Mid-        l66°- 
<ilefex,  Leicefter  Vifcount  Hereford,  George  Lord   **~~Tf~~~* 
Berkeley,  Robert  Lord  Brooke,  Lord  Herbert, 
Lord  Mandeville,   Lord  Bruce,  Lord  Caftleton, 
Lord  Falkland,  Lord  Fairfax,  Denzil  Holies,  Efq\ 
Sir  Horatio  Townfhend,   Sir  John  Holland,  Sir 
Anthony  Afhley  Cooper,  Sir  George  Booth,  and 
Sir  Henry  Cholmley. 

'OU  are  to  begin  your  Journey  towards 


__      Majefty  on  Friday  next,  and  make  a  fpeedytheCommiffion- 
Repair  to  fuch  Place  where  his  Majefty  (hall  be,  and  Houfes  that  were 


'  humbly  to  prefent  the  Letters  wherewith  you  are  to  go  to  the 
'  refpeclively  intrufted  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament.  K 

'  You  are  to  acquaint  his  Majefty  with  what  great 
'  Joy  and  Acclamation  he  was  proclaimed  in  and 

*  about  the  Cities  of  London  and  Wejlminfter,  upon 
«  the  8th  Day  of  May  Inftant,  and  prefent  the  Pro- 
'  clamation  itfelf  unto  his  Majefty;  and  to  acquaint 

*  him  with  the  Orders  of  both  Houfes  to  have  the 
'  fame    proclaimed   throughout  the   Kingdoms    of 
4  England  and  Ireland,  Dominion  of  Wales,  and  the 
'  Town  of  Berwick  upon  Tweed.     And  that  both 
c  Houfes  have  ordered  that  all  and  every  the  Mini- 

*  fters   throughout  the  Kingdoms  of  England  and 
'  Ireland  be  injoined,  in  their  public  Prayers,  to  pray 

*  for  his  Aloft  Excellent  Majefty,  and  for  the  Molt 

*  Illuftrious  Prince,  James  Duke  of  York,  and  the  reft 

*  of  the  Royal  Progeny.     And  alfo  that  they  have 
c  ordered  that  the  aflumed  Arms  of  the  late  pre- 

*  tended  Commonwealth,  wherever  they  are  ftand- 

*  ing,  be  taken  down  ;  and.  that  his  Majefty's  Arms 

*  be  fet  up  inftead  thereof.     And  you  are  to  corn- 

*  municate  to  his  Majefty  the  Resolutions  of  both 
'  Koufes  relating  to  this  lnftru£tion. 

4  You  are  to  acquaint  his  Majefty  with  the  earneft 

*  Defire  of  both  Houfes,  that  his  Majefty  will  be 

*  pleafed  to  make  a  fpeedy  Return  to  his  Pavlia- 

*  ment,  and  to  the  Exercife  of  his  Kingly  Office  : 
'  And  that,  in  order  thereunto,  both  Houfes  have 
'  given  Directions  to  General  Montagu,  one  of  the 

*  Generals  at  Sea,  and  other  Officers  of  the  Fleet, 

The  Parliamentary  HISTOKV 

to  obferve  fuch  Commands  as  his  Majefty  flialt 
pleafe  to  give  him  or  them  for  Difpofal  of  the  Fleet, 
in  order  to  his  Majefty 's  Return.  And  you  are" 
to  communicate  to  his  Majefty  the  Refolutions  of* 
both  Houfes  relating  to  this  Inftruftion. 
4  That  the  Committee  from  both  Houfes  do  be- 
feech  his  Majefty  that  they  may  know  where  he 
propofeth  to  take  Shipping,  and  to  land  at  his 
coming  over,  that  Preparation  may  be  made  for 
his  Reception;  and  which  of  his  Majefty's  Houfes 
he  intendeth  to  make  ufe  of  at  his  firft  coming  to 
London;  and  whether  he  will  come  ail  the  Way  by 
Land  after  he  comes  on  Shore,  or  whether  he  will 
pleafe  to  come  by  Water  from  Grave  fend  to  Lon- 
don ;  and  that  his  Majefty  will  declare  in  what 
Manner  he  is  pleafed  to  be  received*' 

The  Commons  had  fent  to  defire  a  Conference 
\vith  the  Lords,  on  the  Matter  of  laying  afide  their 
Vote,  about  ufmg  the  Great  Seal  •>  which  being 
held,  the  Earl  of  Mancbefler  made  a  Report  of  it  to 
this  Effect  : 

'  Th'at  Mr.  Annejley,  who  managed  the  Confe- 
J-ence,  faid,  there  were  many  Inconveniences  the 
Kingdom  fufFered  for  want  of  the  Ufe  of  the  Great 
Seal ;  and,  to  fortify  this,  he  gave  many  Reafons  to 
move  their  Lordfhips  Concurrence  herein. 

1.  *  There  was  fo  great  an  Obftru<5tion  in  all  the 
Courts  of  Juftice  for  want  thereof,   that  all  Writs, 
Fines,  and  AiTurances,  were  flopped,  fo  as  there 
could  be  none  now,  whereby  the  Subject  fufFered 
much ;  that  three  Terms  have  been  loft  already,  and 
there  is  Danger  of  having  no  Affizes  j  fo  there  will 
be  Lofs  of  a  whole  Year's  Juftice. 

2.  '  There  is  an  Obftru&ion  in  the  Revenue.— 
Orders  are  made  for  iffuing  out  of  Monies  which  are 
not  obeyed  :    No  Provifion  can  be  made  for  tha 
King's  Reception  :    Bufinefs  at  the  Committee  for 
the  Army  is  flackened,  and  they  fear  that  if  Mo- 
hies  cannot  be  brought  in  for  paying  the  Army,  the 
Soldiers  will  be  neceflltated  to  lie  upon  free  Quar- 
tfer  {  The  Committee  for  the  Navy  and  Admiralty 

Of   ENGLAND.       281 

tannot  fet  out  the  Fleet  for  want  of  the  Great  Seal :  An.  n.  Car.  II, 
The  Officers  are  at  a  Stand,  the  Excife  and  Cuftoms        l66o« 
are  at  a  Stand,  becaule  the  Officers  are  tender  to 
act  without  Ordeis  under  the  Great  Seal,  whereby 
great  LofTes  come  to  the  Kingdom  :    For  whereas 
the  Excife  and  Cuilom  came  lately  to  1 0,000 /.  per 
Week,  now  they  are  not  above  5000  /.  $er  Week, 
by  reafon  of  this  Obftrudlion. 

'  He  further  laid,  In  former  Times  Ufe  was  made 
of  other  Great  Seals  upon  Occufion  ;  as,  in  King 
James's  Time,  upon  the  Death  of  Queen  Elizabeth; 
*Fhat  the  Houfe  of  Commons  could  not  lend  forth 
XVrits,  to  fill  up  their  Houfe  with  Members,  for 
want  of  the  Ufe  of  the  Great  Seal ;  and  they  did  not 
know  what  Inconveniences  may  be,  if  their  Lord* 
ihips  do  not  fpeedily  concur  with  the  Houfe  of 
Commons,  that  there  may  be  a  prefent  Ufe  of  the 

Great  Seal.' But  we  are  deficient  whether  it  was 

agreed  to  or  not. 

The  Commons, --on  their  meeting  this  Day,  firil 
ordered  the  Thanks  of  the  Houfe  to  be  returned  to 
Mr.  Price,  for  his  great  Pains-taking  in  his  Thankf- 
giving  Sermon,  preached  in  the  Forenoon  before  the 
Houfe  ;  and  that  he  be  defired  to  print  his  Sermon. 

They  alfo  voted  the  Sum  of  5000 /.  for  the 
Duke  of  Ttork^  and  the  fame  Sum  to  the  Duke  of 
Gloucejler,  for  their  prefent  Supply  and  Accommo- 
dation ;  but  afterwards,  that  of  the  Duke  of  Tork's 

Was  made  io,OOO/.- Ordered,  *  That  the  Scots 

Colours,  taken  at  Dunbar  and  Worccfter,  and  now 
hanging  up  in  WeftminJhr-ilaU,  be  forthwith  taken 
down ;  the  Serjeant  at  Arms  to  lee  it  done  accord- 
ingly:  Ordered,  alfo,  *  That  While  ball  and  \\\zMews 
be  cleared  of  all  Soldiers,  Lodgers,  &c.  except  thofc 
who  are  attendant  on  the  Council  of  State  ;  and  that 
all  the  Lodgings  (hould  be  broke  open  belonging  to 
thofe  who  were  gone  out  of  Town,  and  had  taken 
the  Keys  with  them.' 

Mr.  Anncjley  reports,  from  the  Committee  ap- 
pointed to  confider  of  the  Manner  of  the  King's 
Return  and  Reception,  and  of  Preparations  requifite 


282     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Atvta.  Car.  II.  to  thofe  Ends,  three  Lifts  of  Things  necelTary  to  be 
1660.        provided  for  his  Majefty's  Service,  viz.  * 

May.  j^  Things  necejfary  to  be  provided  for  his  Majejlfs 
Service^  and  his  Brothers,  the  Dukes  of  York,  and 

Neceflaries  to  fre      £  A  rich  Bed,  to  be  of  Velvet,  either  embroidered 

provided  for  the^,^  Q^  or  iace(^   and  lined  with  Cloth  of  Silver 

or  Sattin,  as  (hall  be  beft  approved  of;  with  a  high 

Chair  of  State,  two  high  Stools,  one  Foot-ftool,  and 

two  Cufhions,  all  fuitable  to  the  Bed. 

'  Two  great  Quilts  or  Mattrefles  of  Sattin,  fuit- 
able to  the  Lining  of  the  Bed. 

4  Two  thick  Fuftian  Quilts,  to  lie  under  the  Sat- 
tin Quilts ;  one  Down  Bolfler,  one  Pair  of  Fuftian 
Blankets,  and  one  Pair  of  Spanijh  Blankets. 

*  One  Clofe-ftool  fuitable  to  the  Bed. 

*  Six  Pair  of  Holland  Sheets,  having  twenty-four 
Ells  of  Holland  in  a  Pair,   at  ten  Shillings,  eleven 
Shillings,  or  twelve  Shillings  the  Ell. 

1  Two  Beds- more  for  the  King's  Majefty,  to  be 
removing  Beds,  either  of  Scarlet  Cloth  or  of  Velvet, 
all  lined  with  Sattin ;  and  all  Neceffaries  to  each 
Bed  as  to  the  former  Bed,  except  Sheets. 

'  And  for  the  prefent,  two  Beds,  of  the  like 
Goodneft,  to  be  made  for  the  Duke  of  York  and  the 
Duke  otGloncefter,  with  all  Particulars  as  the  others, 
and  fix  Pair  of  Sheets  for  each  of  the  Duke's  Beds. 

4  For  the  prelent  twenty  large  Pallet  Beds,  with 
Bolfters,  twenty  large  Tapeftry  Counterpains, 
twenty  Pair  of  good  large  Blankets,  forty  Pair  of 
good  Holland  Sheets,  of  eighteen  Ells  in  each  Pair, 
being  of  Holland  of  three  Shillings  and  Sixpence  per 
Ell  for  thofe  Beds. 

'  Twenty  good  double  yellow  Ground  Carpets, 
of  Turkey  making,  and  fix  Hides,  fix  Cart  Canvaffes. 

*  There  muft  be  provided   alfo   Tenter-hooks, 
Hammers,  Tacks,  and  fuch  like  Neceffaries  for  the 

*  For  Table  Linen  for  his  Majevty,    twelve  Da- 
rn afk  Table-Cloths  for  his  Majefty's  own  Table,  as 

a  From  the  Journals  ef  the  Commons,  Vol.  VJII.  p.  21. 

O/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         283 

many  Towels,  and  fix  Napkins  for  every  Table- An.  n.  Car.  If. 
Cloth.  The  like  for  each  Duke,  if  they  eat  afunder  i        l66°- 
but  if  they  eat  together,  half  the  Proportion.  **~M~*~J 

*  For  other  Diets  for  the  great  Lords,  tho'  Table 
Linen  was  allowed  them,  yet  they  ufed  their  own 

'  Inferior  Diets  had  Holland  or  Flaxen  Table- 
Cloths,  but  no  Napkins. 

'  A  rich  Coach  alfo,  the  Infide  Crimfon  Velvet, 
richly  laced  and  fringed  ;  Liveries  for  two  Coach- 
men and  two  Poftiflions  fuitable.  The  Footmen 
ihould  have  Liveries  and  Coats  fuitable. 

II.  A  Particular  of  what  is  at  prefect  necej/ary  to  be 
provided  for  his  Majefty's  Service,  humbly  offered  tl 
the  Confederation  of  this  Honourable  Board. 
'  Two  Coaches,  the  one  for  travelling,  the  other 
to  be  a  rich  one. 

Two  Sets  of  Coach  Horfes. 
Liveries  for  two  Coachmen,  two  Poftillions,  fix 
Grooms,  and  ten  Footmen. 

Two  rich  Saddles  for  the  great  Horfe. 
Six  Pad -Saddles. 

Four  Sumpter- Horfes  and  Cloaths  to  them. 
Two  Horfes  for  the  great  Saddle. 
Provifions  of  all  Sorts  to  be  laid  into  the  Mews 
againft  his  Majefty's  coming. 

III.  A  Memorial  of  Flags.,  &c.  for  the  Fleet. 
f  A  Standard,  —  — ~» 

A  Jack,         —  —  —  Uillc 

jAnEnfign,  —  -.  f 5Uk' 

\r  n    J  A  Suit  of  Pendants,         —         —  J 
X«feh.<  Wjfift  C!otheS)  Scarlet, 

|  A  rich  Barge,  of  the  fame  Dimenfion  as 
this  we  have,  of  thirty-three  Feet,  with 
(^     a  Standard. 
Vice-Admiral.  f  Flags,         —  — } 

|  Jacks,         —  —      S-Silk. 

Rear- Admiral.^  Enfi^ns,      —  —  3 

J  A   Suit   of  good    Kerfey   Waift 
I      Clothes. 


284     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  if.  Car.  ii.  *  In  moft  of  the  Frigates  there  will  need  the  King's 
6  Arms,  either  carved  or  in  painted  Cloth. 

*  Carvers,  Painters,  and  a  Glazier,  for  every  Flag 
Ship,  will  be  neceflary. 

4  The  General's  Cabbin  to  be  new  glazed  with 
fquare  Glafs. 

<  Wardrobe  Men  and  Upholfterers  to  be  brought 

4  Mr.  KennerJJey  will  be  very  ufeful  to  confer 
with  about  what  is  neceflary  herein. 

4  Beale's  Galley,  and  a  Standard. 

4  Beale  and  Simpfan^  and  a  choice  Noife  of  Trum- 

4  Singleton's  Muflc. 

4  Refolved,  That  this  Houfe  doth  agree  with  the 
Committee,  that  the  Particulars,  contained  in  the 
three  Lifts  now  prefented,  be  forthwith  provided 
and  furnifhed  for  the  Service  and  Accommodation 
of  his  Majefty. 

4  Ordered,  That  it  be  referred  to  the  Council  of 
State,  to  caufe  the  fame  to  be  provided  and  furnifhed 
accordingly;  and  that  they  are  impowered  to  charge 
any  Part  of  the  public  Revenue,  for  raifing  of  Mo- 
nies to  pay  for  the  fame.' 

A  Declaration  was  drawn  up,  for  directing  the 
Commiffioners  of  the  Admiralty  and  Navy  of  the 
Cuftoms  and  the  Excife,  the  Committee  for  the 
Army,  and  all  other  Officers  relating  to  the  Reve- 
nue, Army,  and  Navy,  who  were  in  Office  on  the 
25th  of  Jpril,  1660,  to  proceed  forthwith  in  the 
Execution  of  their  refpe6tive  Commiffions,  Offices, 
and  Employments  ;  and  fliall  exercife  the  fame  in  the 
King's  Majefty 's  Name  and  Stile,  according  to  their 
feveral  Powers,  Authorities,  andlnftructions,  to  them 
given,  on  the  25th  Day  of  y//>r/7aforefaid,  till  further 
Orders.  Agreed  to  by  both  Houfes,  and  ordered  to 
be  printed  and  publifhed. 

May  12.  This  Day  a  Petition  was  prefented  to 
the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  read,  and  was  as  fol- 
loweth : 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       285 

To  the  LORDS  in  Parliament  ajfcmbled.  An.  12.  Car.  II. 

The  PETITION  of  Auberry  de  Vere  Earl  o/Oxford'        l66°' 
Shewing,  May. 

'  rr*  H  AT  the  Office  and  Place  of  High  Cham-  Petition  of  the 
«     J.      berlain  of  England,  with  all  the  Rights  and  l"\ 
'  Privileges  thereunto  appertaining,  hath,  ever  fince 
<  the  Beginning  of  the  Reign  of  King  Henry  the 

*  Second,  belonged  unto  your  Petitioner's  Anceftors, 
'  and  is  the  undoubted  Right  and  Inheritance  of  your 

*  Petitioner  ;  and  hath,  thro'  many  Ages  and  De- 

*  fcents,  been  enjoyed  by  his  Progenitors  untill  that, 
c  in  the  firft  Year  of  the  Rein  of  the  late  King 

*  Charles  of  Blefled  Memory,  Robert 

*  of  Erfbye^  afterwards  Earl  of  Lindfay,  did,   with- 
<  out  any  Right  or  Title,  ufurp  the  fame,  and  in- 
'  trude  himfelf  therein,  getting  into  his  Hands  divers 
'  antient   Evidences    concerning   the   fame.     And 

*  Montagu  Earl  of  Lindfay,  his  Son,  doth  now  claim 

*  the  faid  Office,  as  belonging  to  him  and  his  Heirs, 

'  Humbly  prayeth,  That  you  would  be  pleafed 
'  to  fufpend  the  faid  Montagu  Earl  of  Lindfay'sE,x.e- 
'  cution  of  the  faid  Office  untill  your  Petitioner's 
'  Right  and  Title  may  be  heard  and  determined  : 

*  And  that  the  faid  Montagu  Earl  of  Lindfay^  may 
'  fhew  what  Right  and  Title  he  hath  to  the  faid 
'  Office    and  Chamberlainfliip,  and   make  Anfwer 
«  unto  the  Premifes.  OXFORD. 

This  Petition  was  agreed  to  by  both  Houfes. 

Upon  the  humble  Addrefs  of  the  Commiffioners 
employed  from  the  Kingdom  of  Ireland,  mewing, 
That,  in  regard  his  Majefty's  Letters  and  Declara- 
tions to  both  Houfes  of  Parliament  do  not  at  all 
mention  Ireland^  or  any  the  Concernments  of  that 
Kingdom  ;  which,  by  reafon  of  the  fad  Confequence 
of  the  late  bloody  Rebellion  there,  hath  been  cart 
into  great  Diforder  and  Confufion,  and  fo  doth  ne- 
ceflarily  require  fpeedy  and  healing  Provifions  and 
Remedies;  and  therefore  defiring  the  Affiftance  and 
Concurrence  of  the  Houfes  of  Parliament  to  his  Ma- 
jefty  fur  the  calling  and  holding  a  Parliament  there 


286     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  is.  formerly,  for  Remedy  of  the  unfettled  Condition 
1660.       Of  thjs   Kingdom  :      It  is   ordered  by  the  Lords 
**~~M~~~*    and  Commons   in  Parliament   aflembled,    '  That 
*y<        it  be  offered  and  prefented,  and  it  is  hereby  offered 
and  prefented,  as  the  Advice  and  Defire  of  the  Par- 
liament, That  his  Majefty  may  be  gracioufly  plea- 
fed,  upon  the  Repair  of  Commifftoners  to  him  from 
that  Kingdom,  with  all  convenient  Speed,  to  call 
a  Parliament  in  Ireland  to  confift  of  Proteftant  Peers 
and  Commons,  as  being  the  moft  vifible  Means  for 
the  regulating  and  fettling  of  the  refpe&ive  Interefts 
in  that  unfettled  Kingdom.' 

The  Houfe  of  Commons  proceeded  in  their 
70,000 /.  a  Month  Afleflment  Bill,  and  read  over 
the  Commiffioners  Names,  and  then  ordered  it  to  be 
engroffed. — Information  being  given  to  the  Houfe, 
that  there  was  an  Offer  made  of  discovering  200,000  /. 
due  to,  and  concealed  from,  the  Government,  they 
immediately  appointed  a  Committee  to  examine  in- 
to the  faid  Diicovery. 

An  Act  of  General  Pardon,  Indemnity,  and  Ob- 
livion,  was  this  Day  read  a  fecond  Time  in  that 
Houfe  ;  and  ibme  Votes  in  the  Journal  of  Dec.  12, 
1650,  concerning  the  Trial  of  the  late  King, 
were  alfo  read,  as  alfo  a  Record,  intituled,  A  Jour- 
nal of  the  Proceedings  of  the  High  Court  of  Juflice^ 
treRed  by  an  Afi  of  the  Commons  of  England,  for  the 
trying  and  judging  of  Charles  Stuart,  "king  of  Eng- 
land, was  read.  After  which,  divers  Members  of 
the  Houfe,  then  prefent,  who  were  named  Commif- 
fioners in  the  faid  Att,  flood  up  in  their  Places,  and 
did  feverally  exprefs  how  far  they  were  concerned 
in  the  faid  Proceedings,  and  their  Senfe  thereupon. 

One  Mr.  Lenthall^  a  Member  of  the  Houfe,  hap- 
pening to  fpcak  in  the  Debate  on  the  Bill  of  Indem- 
nity, (aid,  He  that  drew  bis  Sword  apahiji  the  King9 
committed  as  high  an  Offence  as  he  that  cut  off  the 
Kings  Head.  Exception  was  taken  ?t  chefe  Words, 
and  Mr.  Lenthall  was  ordered  to  the  Bar  ;  when  the 
Speaker,  by  Order  of  the  Houfe,  gave  him  the  fol« 
lowing  Reprimand : 

«  Mr. 

Of    ENGLAND.       287 

c  Mr.  Lenthall,  The  Houfe  hath  taken  very  great  An.  12.  Car.  II. 

*  Offence  at  fome  Words  you  have  let  fall,  upon        l66°- 

'  Debate  of  this  Bufmefs,  of  the  Bill  of  Indemnity  j    ' — "IA~*~* 

*  which,  in  the  Judgment  of  this  Houfe,   hath  as 

'  high  a  Reflection  on  the  Juftice  and  Proceedings  A  fevere  Repri- 
'  of  the  Lords  and  Commons,  in  the  laft  Parlia  mand  from  the 
«  mem,  in  their  Adings  before  1648,'  as  could  be8  a 

*  expreffed.     They  apprehend   there   is    much    of 
'  Poiibn  in  the  Words,  and  that  they  were  fpoken 

*  out  of  Defign  to  fet  this  Houfe  on  Fire;  they  tend- 
'  ing  to  render  them  that  drew  the  Sword,  to  bring 
'  Delinquents  to  condign  Punifhment,  and  to  vindi- 
'  cate  their  juft  Liberties,  into  Balance  with  them 

*  that  cut  off  the  King's  Head  ;  of  which  Adi  they 
'  exprefs  their  Abhorrence  and  Deteftation,  appeal- 

*  ing  to  God,   and  their  Confcience  bearing  them 
'  Witnefs,    that  they  had  no  Thoughts  againft  his 
'  Perfon,    much  lefs  againft  his  Life.     Therefore  I 

*  am  commanded  to  let  you  know,  That  had  theie 
'  Words  fallen  out  at  any  other  Time  but  in  this 
'  Parliament,  or  at  any  Time  in  this  Parliament  but 
«  when  they  had  Coniiderations  of  Mercy,  Pardon, 

*  and  Indemnity,  you  might  have  expected  a  fharper 

*  and  feverer  Sentence  than  I  am  now  to  pronounce: 

*  But  the  Difpofition  of  his  Majefty  is  to  Mercy  ; 

*  he  hath  invited  his  People  to  accept  it,  and  it  is 
'  the  Difpofition  of  the  Body  of  this  Houfe  to  be 
'  Healers  of  Breaches,   and  to  hold  forth  Mercy  to 
'  Men  of  all  Conditions,  fo  far  as  may  ftand  with 

*  Juftice,  and  the  Juftification  of  themfelves  before 
'  God  and  Man.    1  am  therefore  commanded  to  let 
'  you  know,  that  Tha'i:  being  their  Difpofition,  and 

*  the  prefent  Subject  of  this  Day's  Debate  being 
'  Mercy,  you  (hall  therefore  tafte  of  Mercy  j  yet  I 
'  am  to  give  you  a  {harp  Reprehenfion  j  and  I  do  as 
'  ftiarply  and  feverely  as  I  can  (for  fo  I  am  com- 
'  manded)  reprehend  you  for  it.'  b 

May  14.  However,  the  Houfe  of  Commons  be- 
gan at  this  Time  to  queftion  the  Regicides,  and  an 
Order  was  made  this  Day,  That  all  thofe  Perfon?, 

4  \vli» 

*  From  t^e  Cammvnt  Journals,  Vol.  VIII.  p.  34.. 

283     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  II.  who  fat  in  Judgment  upon  the  late  King's  Majefty, 
1660.  when  the  Sentence  was  pronounced  for  his  Condem- 
^^"M^****  nation,  fliould  be  forthwith  fecured  :  Alfo  that  Mr. 
John  Cooke,AndrewBrougbton,  JohnPbelpes,  and  Ed~ 
ivard  Dendy;  thofe  two  Perfons  who  were  employ- 
ed for  the  Execution  of  his  late  Majefty,  and  one 
Matthew i  who  boafted  that  he  was  an  Inftrument  in 
the  faid  Execution,  and  had  a  Reward  of  300  /.  for 
it :  Likewife  Cornet  Joice,  who  feized  upon  the 
Perfon  of  his  late  Majefty  at  Holmby,  fhould  be  all 

A  Lift  of  the  Names  of  thofe  who  fat  in  Judg- 
ment on  the  late  King,  was  ordered  to  be  delivered 
to  the  Serjeant  at  Arms  attending  this  Houfe  ;  and 
all  Officers,  both  Civil  and  Military,  were  required 
to  be  Affiftants  to  the  Serjeant,  or  his  Deputies,  in 
fecuring  thole  Perfons,  or  fuch  others  as  are  named 
above.  The  Houfe  being  informed  that  Mr.  John 
Cooke  was  in  Cuftody  in  Ireland,  they  ordered  him. 
to  be  fent  over  hither  with  all  Speed. 

4  Refolved,  on  theQueftion,  That  the  Number  of 
feven,  of  thofe  who  fat  in  Judgment,  when  Sentence 
xvas  given  upon  the  late  King,  (hall  be  excepted,  for 
Life  and  Eftate,  out  of  the  Act  for  General  Pardon 
and  Oblivion,' 

The  Lords  fent  a  Meffage  to  the  Commons, 
That  they  had  appointed  a  Committee  of  fixteen,  to 
meet  that  Afternoon,  to  confer  about  the  Manner  of 
the  King's  Reception,  and  dehred  a  proportionable 
Number  of  the  other  Houfe  would  meet  them  at  the 
fame  Time.  On  which  the  Commons  named  the 
following  Gentlemen  to  attend  the  Loids  as  a  Com- 
mittee of  their  Houfe  for  that  Purpofe  :  The  Lord- 
General  Monke,  Mr,  Pierepoint,  Mr.  Crewe,  Col. 
Rojjiter,  Mr.  Knlgbtley,  Col.  Popham,  Col,  Morleyt 
Lord  Fairfax,  Sir  Anthony  AJbley  Cooper,  Sir  Gilbert 
Gerrard,  Lord-Commiffioner  Widdrington,  Sir  John 
Evelyn,  of  F/ilts,  Sir  William  Waller,  Sir  Richard 
OtsJJow,  Sir  William  Lewis,  Col.  Hurley,  Col.  Nor- 
ton, Mr.  Annejley,  Mr.  Holies,  SIT  John  Temple,  Mr, 
Trevor,  Sir  jo  bit  Holland,  Col.  Birch,  Mr,  Sv>in»t 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       289  ' 

Serjeant  Maynard,   Sir  Join  Northcot,    Sir  Anthony  An.  iz.  Car.  II; 
/r£y,  Lord  Howard,  Mr.  Turner,  Mr.  //'»«&,  Mr.         1660. 

Morris^  and  Sir  Henry  Telverton. 


jfc/rfy  15.  This  Day  the  Lords  appointed  a  Com- 
mitteeof  their  ownHoufe,  toconfider  what  Ordinan- 
ces have  been  made,  fince  the  Peers  in  Parliament 
were  voted  ufelefs,  and  which  now  pafs  as  Acts  of 
Parliament.  And  that  they  draw  up  and  prepare  a 
Bill  to  prefent  to  the  Houfe,  to  repeal  what  they 
lhall  think  fit. 

The  lame  Day  the  Commons  ordered  Secretary 
Thurloe  to  be  fecured  by  the  Serjeant  at  Arms,  on 
a  Charge  of  High  Treafon  exhibited  againft  him  ; 
and  appointed  a  Committee  to  take  his  Examina- 
tion that  Afternoon.  Ordered,  *  That  Sir  Henry 
Mildmay,  Mr.  Cornelius  Holland,  and  Mr.  Nicholas 
Love,  do  attend  the  Committee,  for  the  King's 
Reception;  to  give  an  Account  what  was  become  of 
the  Crowns,  Robes,  Sceptres,  and  Jewels,  belonging 
to  his  Majefty  j  and  that  fuch  other  Robes,  or  Scep- 
tres, as  have  been  provided  at  the  public  Charge,  be 
forthwith  brought  to  the  faid  Committee,  by  fuch 
Perfons  as  have  them  in  their  Cuftody.'  It  is  pro- 
bable thefe  Regalia  were  not  eafily  found  ;  for  we 
find  that  the  Commons,  this  Day,  appointed  Tho- 
mas Langhorn,  Citizen,  and  Skinner,  of  London ',  to 
provide  new  Robes  of  Ermines  for  his  Majefty;  and 
Alderman  Vyner  to  provide  a  Crown  and  Sceptre, 
the  Eftimate  of  which  amounted  to  about  900  /.  To 
which  the  Lords  alfo  agreed. 

The  Commons  next  refumed  the  Debate  upon 
the  Bill  for  a  general  Pardon,  Indemnity,  and  Obli- 
vion :  And,  after  fome  Time  fpent  therein,  it  was 
refolved,  *  That  John  Brad/haw,  deceafed,  late  Ser- 
jeant at  Law,  Oliver  Cromwell,  deceafed,  Henry 
Ireton,  deceafed,  and  Thomas  Pride,  deceafed,  be 
fome  of  thofe  who  (hall  be  attainted,  by  A&  of  Par- 
liament, for  the  Murder  of  the  late  King's  Majefty  : 
And  that  their  Attainders  fhall  take  Place  from  the 
the  ill  Day  of  January,  1648;'  after  which  the 
faid  Bill  was  committed  to  Lord  Commiflioner  Tyr+ 

VOL.  XXII.  T  rtl/9 

290     ¥he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  II.  rell,  Sir  Anthony  Irby,  Mr.  Prynne,  Mr.  John  Ste- 

i_  -66°'   .    /^J>  Serjeant  Glyn,   Mr.  Turner,  Lord  Prefident 

L~""]^      '    Annejley,   Serjeant  Maynard,  Sir  Walter  Erie,  Mr. 

Swanton,    Mr.  Underdo,    Mr.  Foxwift,  Mr.    ^o^tf 

The  Bill  for  a     Hatcher  ;  Serjeant  /fa/W,    Mr.  JFY»<;A,    Sir  Gilbert 

general  Pardon   Qerrard,  Mr.  G0tt,  Mr.  Wejion,  Sir  £«//>A  yfyte, 

committed.       Colonej  /r,/^  Mr.  £«/.%,  Mr.  £/#/*»,  Colonel 

J5/Vr£,  Mr.  Jolliffe,    Mr.  Charlton,  Mr.  Calmady, 

Colonel  #/«£,  Sir  JobnNorfhc/rt,  Mr.  Mallet,  Lord 

Commiffioner  Widdrlngton,  Sir  y<?^«  Lowther,  Mr. 

Brodrick,  Colonel  Litton,  Mr.  Peckham,  Mr.  //^«- 

ry  Hungerford,    Serjeant  Brotvn,    Mr.  Lucy,    Mr. 

Eamfield,  Sir  Trevor  Williams,  Colonel  Jones,  Sir 

P*f*r  Temple,  Mr.  Crouch,  Sir  Wilfrid  Lawfon,  Mr. 

Ferrers,    Mr.  Earnley,    Mr.   Wendy,    Sir  William 

Lewis,  Colonel  Bevvy  er,  Lord  If  award,  Mr.  Young, 

Mr.  Brooks,  Colonel  Harley,  and  all  the  Gentle- 

men of  the  Long  Robe. 

The  late  King's  ^^y  1  6.  The  Lords  were  this  Day  informed,  that 
Statue,  now  at  the  Earl  of  Portland  had  lately  difcovered  where  a 
Charing  Crofs,  |jrafs  Horfe,  with  his  late  Majefty's  Figure  upon  it, 
was  hid  ;  which,  in  Juftice,  the  Earl  fuppofes  be- 
Jongs  to  him  ;  and  there  being  no  Courts  of  Juftice 
now  open,  wherein  he  can  fue  for  it,  doth  humbly 
defire  the  Lords  to  order  it  to  be  removed  from  the 
Place  where  it  now  is  ;  not  defaced  nor  otherways 
difpofed  of,  till  the  Title  be  determined  at  Law  to 
whom  it  belongs.  The  Lords  ordered  accordingly. 
This  was  the  famous  Statue  fmce  fet  up  at  Charing- 

The  Earl  of  Dorfet  reported,  from  the  Commit- 
tee for  the  King's  Reception,  that  Yefterday  they 
had  before  them  feveral  of  the  King's  Servants, 
Sir  Robert  Fenn,  Sir  Henry  Wood,  Clerk  of  the 
Green  Cloth,  Mr.  Kennerfley,  of  the  Wardrobe, 
Mr.  Armory,  of  the  Stable,  and  Mr.  Jackfon,  Clerk 
of  the  Kitchen  j  and  they  gave  in  thefe  Eftimates 
following,  viz. 

For  Neceflaries  for  the  King's  pre-  1  /.  s.  d, 
fent  Reception,  as  Silver  Plates  of  fe-  >  220O  o  o 
veral  Sorts  and  Sizes  j 



Brought  over  2200 
For  Table  Linen  of  all  Sorts  — '  300 
For  a  Week's  Diet  at  53  /.  per  Diem  350 
For  Coaches  and  Stables  —  —  2950 
For  furniming  his  Majefty's  Bed-  1  g 

Chamber,  CSfr.  J 

For  repairing  the  Mews     —     •—  IOOO 
Repair  of  Whitehall,  St.  James's  \ 

and  Somerfet-Hoitfe,  eftimated  at      J  $000 
The  Crown  and  Sceptre,  betides  >    . 

Robes  y   " 

o    o 
o    o 

o    o 

14501    19    o 

This  Report  was  confirmed  by  the  Houfe. 

An  Order  was  made  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
on  this  Day,  that  James  Northfolk,  Efq;  Serjeant 
at  Arms  attending  that  Houfe,  fhould  forthwith  feize 
upon,  and  fecure,  all  the  Goods,  £sV.  late  belonging 
to  John  Brad/haw^  Serjeant  at  Law,  wherever  he 
can  find  them :  And  that,  in  Cafe  of  Refiftance,  he 
be  impowered  to  break  open  any  Doors  and  Locks 
for  the  more  effectual  Execution  of  this  Service. 
Alfo,  that  the  Records,  Books,  Papers,  and  other 
Writings,  relating  to  the  Public,  in  the  Hands  of 
Mr.  John  Phelpes,  be  forthwith  fecured  by  Mr, 
Prynne  and  Colonel  Bowyer,  Members  of  this  Houfe, 
and  fuch  as  have  been  removed  and  fecured,  in  whofe 
Hands  foever  they  may  be  found.  An  Order  was 
made  likewife,  That  all  the  Books  and  Papers  be- 
longing to  the  Library  of  the  Archbifhop  of  Can- 
terbury, and  now,  or  lately,  in  the  Hands  of  Hugh 
Peters^  be  forthwith  fecured. 

Mr.  Annefley^  Lord  Prefident  of  the  Council  of 
State,  reported,  from  them,  a  Particular  of  the  Sums 
of  Money  charged,  by  Order  and  Warrants  of  the 
Council  of  State,  upon  the  feveral  Treafuries  there- 
in named,  from  February  25th,  1659,  to  May  1 5th, 
1660,  which  was  as  follows : 

T  *  A 

292       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.H.y/  PARTICULAR  of  the  Sums  of  Money,  charged  ty 
56o<  Orders  and  Warrants  from  the  Council  of  State, 

the  federal  Treasuries  after-named,  from  Fe- 
bruary 25,  1659,  to  May  15,  1660,  viz. 

Charged  on  the  Receipt  of  the  public  Exchequer. 
Charges  on  the        For  his  Excellency  the  Lord-  -j      /.         s.     d. 
Revenue  by  the  General  Monke,  on  an  Aft  of  the  / 
Counc.1  of  State.  Jate  parliamentj  cf  whkh  there  is  >2000C 

yet  unpaid  the  Sum  of  48567.        J 

For  Dunkirk  Garrifon  19006     8   10 

For  Savoy  and  -£/y-//0&/^Hofpitals  2000     0     O 

For  the  Council's  Contingencies     8400     o     o 

For  Mr.  Martin  Noell,  to  en-^ 

able  him  to  ftrike  a  Tally,  for  fo 

much  paid  by  him,  on  Orders  of 

the  former  Council  of  State,  to 

Gen.  Montagu,  and  for  the  Com- 

miflioners  Plenipotentiaries  of  this 

Commonwealth  at  the  Sound 

For  Alderman  Thomas  Vyner  and" 
Aid.  ChriJIopherPacke,  Treafurers 
for  the  Collection-Money  for  Pied- 
mont and  Poland,  for  fo  much  or- 
dered from  them,  by  the  late  Par- 
liament, into  the  Exchequer,  none 
of  which  is  paid 

And  for  fo  much  depofited  in  the' 
Exchequer,  of  clipp'd  Brafs  Mo- 
ney, Part  of  the  faid  Collection- 

For  the  Earl  and  Countefs  of 
Nottingham,  on  Penfions  from  his 
late  A'lajefty,  and  confirmed  by 
Parliament,  viz. 

To  the  faid  Earl,  all  unpaid —         300     o     O 
To  the  faid  Countefs,  all  unpaid       200     o     O 
For  the  Gentleman  Porter,  War-  "1 
ders,  and  Gunners,  at  the  Tower,  [        ,  ? 

~for  two  Quarters,  ended  March  25,  {    J 

1660,  no  Part  paid  -^ 

Carried  over    66773     7  n 

7252    6    2 

7978    8    9 

475  19  *• 

Of   ENGLAND       293 

/.  s.     d.  An.  12.  Car.  H. 

Brought  over     66773  j66o< 

For  Chrtjlopher  Piercehay^  Efq;") 
Receiver -General   for    York/hire, 
to  enable  him  to  ftrike  a  Tally  for 
fo  much  paid  by  him  out  of  his  Re-  v 
ceipt,  on  Order  of  the  late  Coun-  f 
cil,  to  Col.  Samuel  Clarke,  for  Pay  I 
of  his  Regiment  on  their  March  to  I 

68273     7 

Of  which  Sum  of      -     68273     7   ill- 
There  is  paid  but      -  :  —     34386   13     3£ 

So  there  is  unpaid  thereof          33886   14,     8-p 
'And  of  what  was  paid,  there  "I 
came   into   the   Council's  I 
Contingencies    no     more  I    J 
than  J 

Charged  on  the  Council's  Contingencies. 
By  Warrant  on  Mr,  William  -j 
^  on  the  iooo/.  by  him  re-  I 
ceivtd  at  the  Receipt  of  Exche-  1   I00p     °     ° 
quer  J 

Charged  on  Mr.  Thomas  Parry, 

Treafurer  of  the  Council's  Con- 


For  feveral  public  Services  —  —     1427   14  10 

For  Salaries  and  Difburfements  } 
to  Officers  in  Arrear  5    IQ 

To  feveral  Perfons,  on  Account  7 
for  Repairs  J      710     °     ° 

To  the  Officers  of  the  late  Par-  ?   •    '  "g- 
liament,  on  their  Orders  i    J43     I5 

o     4 

For  Dunkirk      — — 1650  10     3 

For   Biljs   of  Exchange   from  1 
public  Minifters  abroad  5    I7°°- 

Carried  over  9960  17     8 
T  3  Brought 

294    The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

/.     s. 

An.  I*.  Car.  II. 

Brought  over     0060  17 


For  Repair  of  Garrifons~    •              800    o 


[T*«jMigk|     20   Q 


For  Relief,  « 

-    not  paid             5        *°     ° 


For  the  Ar- 

'ToCol.Stretter, J 
to  pay  off  Gun-  C       69     o 
nerSjdsV.  not  pd  j 
To  Lt.  Col.  />*/>-•) 



par,  for  Fire  and  / 

Candle  at  Bury  f         5   J3 


St.  Edmond's      J 

To  Sir  John  Gren-  "| 

w7/^,byfomuch  f 

By  Order  of 

borrow'dofMr.  f     S°°    ° 


the    prefent^ 
Parliament,  1 

Forth                  J 
To  General  Ed-  J 
ward  Montagu,  >     500     O 
not  paid               3 


So  the  To 

al  charged  on  the  ) 
sContingenciesis,r9°65  «> 


ts  charged  on  Mr.  j    IOQO     Q 


on  Mr.  Parry     11865     o 


12865     o 


Whereof  paid  by  Mr.  Jeffop,  J 

being  the  Whole  received  >•   1000     o 


by  him                                 J 
By  Mr.  Parry,  Part  of  2000  /.  "J 

by  him  received,  with  the  (        , 
500  /.   advanced  by   Mr.  f     4       *3 




Total  paid 

is      —              •    '     3460  i? 


So  refts  unpaid     —            —     9404     6 


Charged  on  the  Committee  for  the  Army. 
For  the  Forces  in  England     —    8938    4    6 
Carried  over 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        295 

/.  s.  d.  An.  12.  Car.  II. 

Brought  over     8938  4  6          l66°- 

For  the  Forces  in  Scotland       —  13329  8  o      **~M£~** 

For  the  Forces  in,  and  belong-  ?  «77CO  o 
ing  to,  Ireland                                 }    ^^ 

For  tranfporting  70  Recruits  to  7        40  o  o 

Dunkirk  3  — :: ~T 

45657   12     6 

Charged  on  the  Almoner,  Dr.  Barnard. 

For  Lady  Inchequin,  not  paid    -        100     O     O 

For  Inhabitants   of  Dover,  for  } 
quartering  fick  and  wounded  Sol-  >      300     O     O 
diers  fent  from  Dunkirk,  not  paid  J 

For  Mr.  Samuel  Rartlib,  in  Part  } 
of  his  Arrears  of  what  was  allow'd  >      200     o     o 
him  by  the  State,  not  paid  3      5OO     ^     ^" 

Charged  on  the  Treafury  of  the  Navy. 

For  General  Af0;rtfl£H,  advanced  7  Q 

on  his  going  to  Sea  3 

For  General  Penn,  for  a  fpe-  7       I00     o     o 
cial  Service  $ 

Charged  on  the  Treafurers  for  )  /- 

the  Piedmont  Colleaion-Money      5 

Charged  on  the  Prize-Office  —         45     o     o 
Charged  on  Sherwood- Foreft   -—         20     o     o 

5321     o     o 

PENSIONS  charged  by  Orders  of  tie  Council  sf  State. 

On  the  Exchequer,  per  Week  17      5     o 

On  the  Cour 
cies,  per  Week 

On  the  Council's  Contingen-  1 

to        >        10     o     o 

The  Houfe  approved  of  this  Account,  in  all  its 
Particulars;  and  ordered,  That  the  Monies  charged 
by  the  refpe6tive  Warrants  be  paid  accordingly  : 
And  the  Thanks  of  the  Houfe  were  ordered  alfo  to 
be  returned  by  the  Speaker  to  the  Council,  for  their 
great  and  careful  Service's. 


,         296     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An; ««.  Car.  II.     A  Lift  of  fuch  of  his  Majefty's  Ships  of  the  Na- 
1660.        vy-Royal,  now  in  Pay,  and  not  of  the  Summer's 
Guard  ;  with  an  Account  of  the  Wages  due  to  them, 
to  the  firft  of  May^  1660,  and  the  Charge  they  are 
at,  was  read  as  followeth  : 


•  Rates.       Skip* 

Men.    Guns.         Waget  due  to  May  i  . 

/.        s.     d. 

A  Lift  of  the           3.    Lamport  
Navy  of  England           Torrin  gton  •— 
at  this  Time,                  ^-       >tP   ' 
4.    Kentiih  

210      50 
210      52 
150      40 

#854     i     9 
.  .9^80     3     9 
3025     6     o 

Maidilone   — 

140      40 

6386  14     3 

Centurion    — 

150      40 

4432     8     8 

Dover      —  — 

140      40 

5206  ii     9 

Hampftiire  — 

13°     38 

2163  14     3 

Namptwich   - 

140    40 

4430  H     3 


140     40 

3785  H     3 

Portland       — 

156     40 

657811     9 

Ta  union     — 

140     40 

5220     o     3 

Dragon    • 

i'3°     38 

437°     6     o 


no     36 

5175     4     8 


ioo     34 

3310  10     3 

Prefident      — 

J3°     38 

3167     3     o 

Conft.  Warwick 

115     32 

2619  10     3 


130     38 

5H7     7     6 

Marmaduke  - 

no     32 

2629  18     6 

5.    Soilings        — 

IOO       22 

5811  18     o 


ICO       22 

2787     7     2 

Coventry     — 

90       2O 

3579     8  10 


QO       26 

4604  19     o 

He6tor         — 

85       20 

2480  12     o 

Greyhound    - 

85       20 

3512     3     9 

Lizard     —  

60     16 

1619     o    o 

6.    Weymouth    - 

60     14 

1415  10    o 

Wolfe      —  — 

60     1  6 

3452  15     Q 

Francis        — 

45     Jo 

1007    ~6     4 

Cygnet    —  — 

35      6 
35       6 

840  14     o 
833     2     6 


35       8 

1545  19     6 

Hunter        — 

30      6 

88  1.     7     6 

Carried  over     3441             120162    4     8 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       297 

P.atet.      Sbips. 

Men.    Guns.        Wages  due  to  May  i. 




Brought  over 












Chcfnut       — 






Cagway        — 












Dolphin       — 






TrueWe      ? 
Henrietta      3 






Hart    —     — 






Ships  40  —  Men  3681  •  128992     4     o 

Memorandum,  The  Charge  of  thefe  forty  Ships, 
which  are  unneceflUi ily  kept  abroad,  will,  for  every 
Month  they  continue  unpaid,  amount  to  the  Sum  of 
11,085 /. 

May  17.  The  Lords  heard  a  Report,  from  their 
Committee  of  Privileges,  by  the  Lord  Roberts,  that 
it  was  their  Opinion,  that  when  a  MeiTiige  is  brought 
from  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  the  Speaker  of  this 
Houfe  is  to  go  to  the  Bar  alorfe,  and  receive  the  Mef- 
iage  ;  the  reft  of  the  Lords  fitting  in  their  Places ; 
•which  the  Houfe  approved  of,  and  ordered  it  to  be 
added  to  the  Roll  of  the  Orders  of  this  Houfe. 

The  Commons  ordered,  That  alt  the  Titles  of 
Honour  received  from  the  late  Protectors,  Other 
and  Richard,  or' from  Henry  Cromwell,  Son  of  the 
faid  Oliver,  by  any  Perfon  named  a  Commiflianer, 
in  the  Ordinance  for  three  Months  Afleflment,  be 
omitted  and  ftruck  out  of  the  faid  Ordinance. 

The  Bill  for  laying  an  AffeiTment  of  7O,000/.  a 
Month,  for  three  Months,  was  this  Day  read  a  third 
Time  ;  and,  after  allowing  the  following  additional 
Amendment,  fent  from  the  Lords,  the  Commons 
palled  the  Bill ;  and  fent  it  back  to  the  Lords  for 
their  Concurrence. 

4  Whereas  the  Pay  of  his  Majefty's  Armies  depends 
upon  due  Satisfaction  of  the  Arrears  of  former  AfTefT- 
ments  and  of  the  AiTeflment  of  100,000 /.  by  the 
Month,  now  collecting  by  virtue  of  an  Act,  for  fix 



298     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  ia.  Car.  II.  Months,  beginning  the  25th  of  December  laft  pafi, 
1660.  an£j  en<jjng  the  24th  of  "June  next,  and  other  Reve- 
C""T^"""<1~'  nues  due  by  Recufants  and  others;  whereof,  if  punc- 
tual and  timely  Payment  be  not  made  (tho'  not  origi- 
nally impofed  by  fuch  an  Authority  as  was  legal)  the 
Soldiers  will  be  neceffitated  to  live  upon  free  Quar- 
ter, to  the  great  Oppreifion  of  the  feveral  Counties : 
Out  of  a  tender  Care,  therefore,  to  prevent  fo  great 
an  Inconvenience  to  the  Country,  and  Difcourage- 
ment  to  the  Soldiery,  and  to  promote  his  Majefty's 
prefent  Service,  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  Parlia- 
ment aflembled  do  hereby  order  and  declare,  (in  re- 
f'pect  of  the  inftant  Necefiky,  there  being  no  other 
"Way  to  avoid  the  Inconveniency  herein  mentioned) 
That  the  Commiflioners  for  the  AfTelTment,  in  the 
feveral  Counties,  Cities,  and  Places,  by  virtue  hereof, 
do  proceed  effectually  for  the  getting  in  of  all  Arrears 
of  Affeffments,  and  of  the  Monies  unpaid  upon  the 
faid  Act,  or  any  other  Act,  according  to  the  Pro- 
portions and  Powers  therein  contained  :  And  all 
Collectors  and  other  Perfons  whatfoever,  charged 
with  ths  Gathering  or  Payment  of  any  Part  thereof, 
are  forthwith  (all  Pretences  and  Excufes  to  the  con- 
trary fet  aiide)  to  fatisfy  and  pay  their  feveral  and  re- 
fpective  Proportions,  according  to  the  Directions  of 
the  faid  Acts,  as  they  will  avoid  fuch  Penalties  as  will 
necelTarily  fall  upon  them,  in  cafe  of  their  Refufal, 
and  the  further  Difpleafure  of  the  Parliament.  And 
it  is  further  ordered  and  declared,  That  all  Receivers, 
and  other  Officers  and  Perfons,  as  well  Tenants,  as 
others  whatfoever,  concerned  in  the  Receipt  or  Pay- 
ment of  any  Part  of  the  Revenue,  do  make  due  Ac- 
compts  and  Payments  of  what  they,  and  every  of 
them,  are  charged  with,  or  liable  to  ;  as  they  will 
be  anfwerablc  for  their  Contempt  and  Neglect,  in  a 
Time  when  his  Majefty's  and  the  Kingdom's  Ser- 
vice and  Occafions  require  the  moft  punctual  Satif- 
faction  of  what  is  refpectively  due  from  them  :  And 
the  Receipt  of  the  feveral  Treafurers  appointed  for  the 
AfTeffinents,  and  the  Officers  of  the  Exchequer  there- 
unto appointed  refpectively,  fhall  be  a  fufficientDif- 
charge  to  all  Perfon  and  Perfons,  that  fhall  make 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      299 

Payment  of  any  Sura  of  Sums  of  Money,  by  virtue  An.  it.  Car.  n. 

May  1 8.  A  MeflTage  was  brought  from  the  Houfe 
of  Commons,  by  Mr.  Prynne  and  others,  with  feveral 
Votes,  whereunto  he  defired  their  Lordfhips  Con- 

'  Refolved  upon  the  Queftion  by  the  and 

Commons  afiembled  in  Parliament,  That  all  the 
Perfons  who  fat  in  Judgment  upon  the  late  King's 
Majefty,  when  Sentence  of  Death  was  pronounced 
againft  him  and  the  Eftates,  both  Real  and  Perfonal, 
of  all  and  every  the  faid  Perfons  (whether  in  their 
own  Hands,  or  any  other  in  Truft  for  their  or  any 
of  their  Ufes)  who  are  fled,  be  forthwith  feized  and 
fecured,  and  the  refpe&ive  Sheriffs  and  other  Officers 
whom  this  may  concern  are  to  take  effectual  Order 

'  Refolved  by  the  and  Commons  in  Par- 

liament aflembled,  That  nothing  in  the  Orders 
touching  the  feizing  of  the  Perfons  or  Eftates  of 
thofe  who  fat  in  Judgment  upon  the  late  King,  do 
in  any  wife  extend  to  Col.  Matthew  Tojniinfon  or  his 

'  Refolved  by  the  and  Commons  in  Par- 

liament aflembled,  That  the  Council  of  State  do 
forthwith  take  Order  for  flopping  of  all  the  Ports, 
to  the  End  that  none  of  thofe  who  are  ordered  to 
be  apprehended,  as  having  fat  in  Judgment  upon  the 
late  King's  Majefty,  may  make  his  Efcape  beyond 
the  Seas. 

'  Refolved,  That  thefe  Votes,  with  a  Lift  of  the 
Names  of  thofe  who  are  to  be  fecured,  be  fent  up 
to  the  Lords  and  their  Concurrence  defired. 

John  Bradjhaw,  Serjeant  Col.  Henry  Ireton. 

at  Law,  Prefident  of  the  Sir  Hardrefs  Waller. 

pretended  High  Court  Valentine  Wanton,  Efq; 

of  Juftice.  Thomas  Harrifon,  Efq; 

John  Z,;/^Efq;  Edward  Whaley,  Efq; 

William  %,  Efq;  Thomas  Pride,  Efq; 

Oliver  Cromwell,  Efq;  Ifaac  Ewert  Efq; 


3  oo 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  la.  Car.  II.  Lord  Grey,  of  Grooby. 

1660.         Sir  John  Danvers,  Knt. 
*— -v— ^    Sir    Thomas   Maleverer, 
May<  Knt.  and  Bart. 

ourchier,  Knt. 
.  Hevcningbam,  Efq; 
Alderman  Pennington  of 

London.        , 
William  Pursfoy,  Efq; 
Henry  Mart 'en ,  Efq; 
7o/;«  Bark/had,  Efq; 
Matthew  Tomlinfon,  Efq; 
5M»  Blakijhn,  Efq; 
Gilbert  Millington,  Efq; 
Sir  William   Conjlable, 


Edmund  Ludlow,  Efq; 
_7^«  Hutchinfon,  Efq; 
Sir  Michael  Livefay^ 


Robert  Ticlborne^  Efq; 
Owen  Rowe^  Efq; 
Robert  Li/burtie,  Efq; 
Adrian  Scrape^  Efq; 
Richard  Deane,  Efq; 
,  Efq; 
n^  Efq; 
,  Efq; 

Cornelius  Holland^  Efq; 
,  Efq; 

John  "Jones,  Efq; 
Miles  Corbet,  Efq; 
Francis  Allen,  Efq; 
Peregrine  Pelham,  Efq; 
John  Moore,  Efq; 
John  Alured,  Efq; 
Henry  Smyth,  Efq; 
Humphrey  Edwards,  Efq; 
Greogry  Clements,  Efq; 
Thomas  Wogan^  Efq; 
Sir  Gregory  Norton,  Knt. 
Edmund  Harvey,  Efq; 
^o^  Penne,  Efq; 
Thomas  Scott,  Efq; 
Thomas  Andrews, 
William  Cawley, 
Anthony  Stapley, 
John  DowneSy 
Thomas  Horton, 
Thomas  Hammond, 
Augujlin  Garland,  Efq; 
George  Fleetwood,  Efq; 
James  Temple,  Efq; 
Daniel  Blagravt,  Efq; 
Thomas  ffrayte,  Efq; 
Nicholas  Love,  Efq; 
Vincent  Potter,  Efq; 
^tf/Jtt  Dixwell,  Efq; 

Mayne,  Efq; 

Temple,  Efq; 

The  Earl  of  Lincoln,  Vifc.  &2y  and  6W^,  and.Lord 
Roberts  being  appointed  by  the  Houfe  to  confider  of 
the  faid  Votes  with  the  Lift  of  the  Names,  they  went 
out  of  the  Houfe  prefently  to  confider  of  fhe  fame. 

The  Meflengers  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  being 
called  in,  they  were  told  by  the  Speaker,  That  the 
Lords  would  return  an  Anfwer  concerning  the  faid 
Votes  and  Lift  by  Meflengers  of  their  own. 

Lord  Roberts  reported,  That  the  Committee 
thought  fit,  inftead  of  the  firft  Vote,  to  have  this 
Order  following  to  be  made,  viz. 

«  Upon 

Of   ENGLAND.         301 

c  Upon  Complaint  made  this  Day,  by  the  Com-  An.  12.  Car.  II. 
mons  in  Parliament  afTembled,  That  all  thefe  Per-        l66o« 
fons,  viz.  John  Brad/haw ,  John  Lijle>  and  the  reft,    ^"^M^*^ 
(except  Matthew  Tomllnfon)  who  fat  in  Judgment 
upon  the  late  King's  Majefty  when  Sentence  of 
Death  was  pronounced  againft  him;  and  the  Eflates, 
both  Real  and  Perfonal,  of  all  and  every  the  faid 
Perfons  (whether  in  their  own  Hands,  or  in  the  Hands 
of  any  in  Truft  for  their  or  any  of  their  Ufes)  who 
are  fled,  be  forthwith  feized  and  fecured  ;  and  the 
refpective  Sheriffs  and  other  Officers  whom  this  may 
concern,  are  to  take  effectual  Order  accordingly.' 

The  Houfe,  after  fome  Confideration  of  the  faid 
Report,  agreed  unto  the  Alteration,  and  confented 
unto  the  Order  accordingly  ;  and  ordered,  that  the 
fame,  with  the  Lift  aforei'aid,  fhall  be  printed  and 

And  touching  the  reft  of  the  faid  Matters  in  the 
Votes,  the  Lords  fent  a  MefTage  to  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  by  Mr.  Rich  and  Mr.  Eltonhead,  for  a 
Conference  to  be  had  with  them  the  next  Morning, 
by  Eleven  o'Clock,  in  the  Painted-Chamber. 

May  19.  This  Day  the  Conference  was  held  be- 
tween the  two  Houfes,  on  the  Subject  of  the  Votes 
aforefaid  ;  when  the  Earl  of  Manchejler^  deputed 
by  the  Lords,  offered  the  following  Reafons :  He 
was  to  let  the  Houfe  of  Commons  know,  '  That 
their  Lordmips  do  not  agree  to  thefe  Votes  as  they 
were  brought  up,  in  refpecl:  they  do  intrench  upon 
the  antient  Privileges  of  this  Houfe;  Judicature  in 
Parliament  being  folely  in  the  Lords  Houfe,  and  the 
Votes  brought  up  were  fuch. 

'  That  notwithftanding  their  Lordmips  were  fo 
careful  of  the  Matter  as  they  would  not  lofe  Time 
for  the  Manner,  and  therefore  have  iflued  out  an 
Order  of  their  own  for  doing  that  which  was  defir'd  ; 
in  which  Order  Col.  Tomlinfon  is  omitted,  accord  - 
ing  to  the  Defire  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

'  That  the  third  Vote  relates  to  a  Council  of 
State,  which  the  Lords  conceive  not  in  Being,  and 
therefore  have  refolved  that  fuch  Emergencies  as  fhall  • 

302     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  ia.  Car.n.neceflarily  arife  during  his  Majefly's  Abfence,  and 
1660.       untjjj  hjs  pieafure  be  further  known,  for  his  Maje- 

^""'Uf"1"1'"'  fty's  Service  and  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  fhall  be 
tranfacted  henceforth  by  the  Committee  of  Lords 
and  Commons  appointed  for  the  Reception  of  his 
Majefty,  wherein  their  Lordfliips  defire  the  Concur- 
rence of  the  Houfe  of  Commons.' 

The  Commons,  in  a  Grand  Committee,  went 
upon  Ways  and  Means  for  the  fpeedy  raifing  of  a 
confiderable  Sum  of  Money,  for  the  Satisfaction  of 
the  Arrears  due  to  the  Army  and  Navy ;  and  came 
to  a  Refolution,  That  a  Poll-Bill  fhould  be  brought 
in  for  raifing  400,000  /.  for  that  Purpofe. 

Mayi\.  The  Commons  heard  the  Report  of  the 
late  Conference  with  the  Lords,  concerning  their 
Votes  for  fecuring  the  Perfons  and  Eftates  of  the 
King's  Judges ;  and  appointed  a  Committee  to  pe- 
rufe  their  own  Journal-Books,  ftate  the  Matter  of 
Fact  upon  the  whole,  and  prepare  Heads  for  a  free 
Conference  with  the  Lords  about  it.  They  alfo 
ordered  that  all  the  Ports  fhould  be  ftopp'd,  to  the 
End  that  none  of  thofe  Perfons  fhould  make  their 
Efcape  beyond  the  Seas :  And  that  no  Money  or 
Bullion  be  exported  without  the  Approbation  of 

May  22.  This  Day  another  Conference  was  held 
between  the  two  Houfes,  on  the  Subject  of  the  laft, 
and  of  which  we  find  this  Entry  in  the  Lords  "Jour- 
nals : 

«  The  Earl  of  Manche/ter  reported  the  Effect  of 
the  free  Conference  this  Morning,  which  hisLord- 
fhip  faid  was  managed  by  Mr.  Annefley ;  who  faid, 
The  Houfe  of  Commons  had  an  earneft  Defire  to 
continue  a  fair  Correfpondency  between  both  the 
Houfes  i  and  they  were  fenfible  what  Diftempers 
have  been  for  many  Years  paft ;  and  they  defired 
that  all  Breaches  might  be  healed ;  that  this  Confe- 
rence was  to  preferve  a  good  Underftanding. 

'  The  Commons  faid,  That  they  had  feen  a 
printed  Paper,  which  was  printed  and  publifh'd  from 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       303 

their  Lordfttips,  without  their  Concurrence  or  aCon-  An.  »a.  Car.  If. 
Terence,  or  taking  Notice  of  it :  The  Paper  is  dated        l66°- 
the  1 8th  of  May  Inftant,  which  mentions,  That,    ^^^"^ 
upon  Complaint  made  by  the  Commons  in  Parlia- 
ment, it  is  ordered,   by  the  Lords  in  Parliament, 
That  divers  Peribns  (hould  be  fecured,  who  fat  in 
Judgment  upon  the  late  King's  Majefty,  when  Sen- 
tence of  Death  was  pronounced ;  which  Order  leaves 
them  out,  contrary  to  their  Refolution,  as  they  pre- 
fented  it  to  this  Houfe  for  Concurrence. 

'  The  Houfe  of  Commons  take  Notice  that  there 
was  no  Complaint  in  this  Cafe  made  by  the  Com- 
mon*, nor  is  there  any  Entry  thereof  in  their  Jour- 
ma  Is. 

4  If  there  had  been  a  Complaint  preceding,  the 
Lords  could  not  have  proceeded  as  they  have,  in  a 
judicial  \Vay,  without  Confent  of  the  Commons. 

'  As  this  Cafe  is,  the  Point  of  Judicature  is  not 
in  Queftion. 

1.  '  The  Order  fent  by  the  Commons   to  the 
Lords  for  their  Concurrence,  is  not  in  a  judicial, 
but  in  an  extraordinary  Way,  and  for  a  notorious 
and  tran fcendent  Crime. 

2.  '  The  Law  allowed  no  fuch  Proceedings  re- 
gularly before  Conviction. 

3.  *  This  was  in  order  only  to  bring  them  to  a 
judicial  Proceeding. 

4.  The  Lords  fent  feveral  Orders  to  the  Com- 
mons in  the  Cafes  of  Sales,  fecuring  Rents,  and 
hindering  of  cutting  or  felling  of  \Vood  or  Timber; 
wherein  the  Commons  concurred,  and  this  before 
the  Parties  heard  :  And  this  is  a  Cafe  of  Members 
of  the  Lords  Houfe,  all  being  afiented  unto  as  Cafes 
of  Extremity. 

*  The  Houfe  of  Commons  fay  they  cannot  admit 
the  Lords  Judicature  fo  largely  as  they  aflert  it;  but 
Judicature,  as  aforefaid,  not  being  in  Queftion,  they 
decline  this  Difpute. 

'  They  conceive  the  Lords  intrench  upon  the 
Commons  Privileges  ;  for  Colonel  Hutchinjon,  u 
Member  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  could  not 
be  under  fuch  an  Order  of  the  Lords,  upon  any 

304     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY' 
An.  12  Car.ll.Account,  unlefs  the  Commons  Order  had  been  con- 

166°-        fented  to. 

<~~y^~*  '  By  this  Way,  if  allowed,  the  Lords  may  vary 
from  any  Orders  fent  up  by  the  Commons,  without 
a  Conference,  and  ground  their  Variation  upon 
pretended  Complaint  of  the  Commons  when  there 
is  none. 

'  The  printing  of  the  Lords  Order  before  the 
Conference  with  the  Commons,  or  their  Aflent,  is> 
a  further  intrenching  upon  the  Privilege  of  the 

4  Hereupon  the  Houfe  appointed  a  Committee  to 
confider  what  Anfwer  is  fit  to  be  returned  to  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  upon  the  Matter  of  this  free 
Conference,  whereby  a  good  Correfpondency  may 
be  kept  between  the  Houfes,  and  the  Privileges  of 
this  Houfe  prcferved.' 

However,  for  the  prefent,  the  Lords  ordered 
their  Speaker  to  let  the  Members  of  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  know,  that  their  Lordihips  will  be  care- 
ful to  preferve  the  Privileges  and  good  Correfpond- 
ency between  both  Houfes  ;  and  that  they  will  take 
the  Matter  of  this  free  Conference  into  fpeedy  Con- 

>  Several  Peers  had  Leave  given  them  to  attend  the 

King  on  his  Landing  ;  the  fame  Leave  was  given 
to  General  Monke  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  and 
to  fuch  other  Members  of  that  Houfe  as  he  fliould 
deure  to  accompany  him. 

May  23.  The  following  Letter  from  the  Lords, 
who  were  fent  by  their  Houfe  to  his  Majefty,  was 
read  : 

For  tie  Rt.  Hon.  the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS, 

My  Lord, 

A  Letter  from  c  "1 1C  7*E  have  delivered  the  Letters  and  Meflage 
the  Committee  c  y  y  intruded  to  us  by  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  and 
the  King,6*"  t0  *  found  a  moft  gracious  Reception  from  his  Majefty, 

'  who 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        305 

*  who  is  pleafed  to  declare  (wl.ich  we  defire 

'  Lordfliips  to  communicate  to  the  Houfe)  that  he 

*  intends  to  depart  from  hence  on  Monday  next,  be-        M 
c  ing  theaift  of  this  Month,  to  land  at  Dover  \  and, 

'  after  a  fhort  Stay  at  Canterbury^  to  continue  his 
'  Journey  to  London^  and  there  to  refide  with  his 
'  Court  at  Whitehall.  This  we  are  commanded  to 
'  impart  to  your  LordQiips  from  his  Majefty,  and 
«  remain  Tgur  Lor^^'s  my  humbie  Servants, 




*  Ordered,  That  the  Committee  for  the  King's 
Reception  do  meet  this  Afternoon,  and  confider 
what  is  fit  for  the  prefent  to  be  done  to  receive  his 
Majefty:'  And 

A  MefTage  was  fent  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  to 
let  them  know  that  the  Lords  have  appointed  their 
Committee  for  the  King's  Reception  to  meet  this 
Afternoon,  and  to  defire  the  Committee  of  that 
Houfe  may  likewife  meet;  which  was  agreed  to. 

Another  Letter  was  fent,  of  the  fame  Date,  to  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  from  their  Members  fent  to 
the  King,  but  it  is  not  entered  in  their  Journals. 

To  (hew  the  Frugality  of  thofe  Times,  in  Re- 
gard of  the  Furniture  thought  neccflary  to  be  pro- 
vided for  the  King's  and  Royal  Family's  Reception, 
the  following  Lift,  as  it  was  read  and  approved  on 
by  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  may  not  be  unaccept- 
able to  the  Reader. 

An  Eftimate  of  the  Charge  of")  /.  s.  d. 
making  up  of  a  rich  Cloth  of  State, 
with  a  Chair,  three  Stools,  and  two 
Cufhions,  out  of  an  old  Canopy  of  )>  200  o  O 
State,  and Tome  imperfect  Furniture 
of  a  Crimfon  Velvet  Bed  fuitable, 
will  amount  to  about  the  Sum  of 

For  repairing  of  an  old  Chair  of  , 

State,  with  three  Stools  fuitable  to  it  \ — — — - — ~ 

Carried  over     22°     o     o 

VOL.  XXII.  U  Brought 

306     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car,  II.  Brought  over      22O      O  .  Q> 

For  repairing,  with  fpme  Addi--\ 
tions,  of  the  rich  incarnate  Velvet  I 
Bed,  being  for  the  Reception  of  his  >     IO     O     O 
Majefty,   before  the  other  can  be  I 
made  J 

For  a  Counterpoint  to  it,  which  1 
will  contain  30  Yards  of  Cloth  of  (.       g     rt     n 
Silver,  lined  with  Bays  and  Taffaty  f 
Sarfenet  J 

Three  Pair  of  fine  Fuftian  Blankets      16  IO     O 

For  12  new  Fuftian  and  Holland  1 
Quilts  for  his  Majefty's  incarnate  C     48     O     O 
VelvetBed,  and  the  two  Dukes  Beds  J 

For  three  Pair  of  the  beft  Spanijh  . 
Blankets  for  thofe  Beds 

For  three  large  fine  round  Down 

For  three  neceffary  Stools  of  Vel- 
vet for  thofe  Beds  }      3° 

For  three  French  Tables  for  thofe 

For  30  Pallet-Beds,  of  the  largeft  "J 
Size,  for  the  two  Dukes ;  30  Tape-  (    , 
itry  Counterpoints,  and  30  Pair  of  \      3 
Blankets  J 

Twelve  Pair  of  fine  Ho/land  Sheets  1 
for  the  Dukes  of  York  and  Glou-  r   172  16     O 
cefter's  own  Beds 

For  making  and  wafhing  thefe  12  ?        , 
Pair  of  Sheet!  }        6   12     O 

For  60  Pair  of  Sheets  for  30  Pallet  1      , 
Beds  aforefaid  will  coft  \  207   IO 

For  making  and  wafhing  thefe  60  ?        , 
Pair  of  Sheets  £       6     O     O 

For  I2lb.  of  fweet  Powder  to  put  \ 
to  the  whole  Provifion  of  Sheets  \  3  ( 

For  10  Damafk  Curtains,  con-S 
taining  240  Yards  of  Damafk,  and  \ 
lined  with  Fuftian,  and  Making,  |  24° 

them       J  — 

with  Rings  and  Tape  to  them 

Total  1721 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         307 

May  2.4..  Nothing  was  done  this  Day  in  either  An,  12.  Car.  II. 
Houfe,  but  reading  Tome  Bills,  an  Account  of  which        l66°- 
will  fall  better  in  the  Sequel.     But,  — ^M*~ 

May  25.  Both  Houfes  agreed  to  fend  congratu- 
latory Letters  to  their  Committees  with  the  King, 
to  deliver  to  his  Majefty  on  his  landing  in  England  \ 
which  he  was  now  very  near  doing,  as  the  Reader  will 
find  by  a  fubfequent  Letter  from  Admiral  Montagu 
to  the  Lords.  The  Letter  from  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons to  the  King  is  only  mentioned  in  their  Jour- 
rials,  as  reported  and  approved  on  by  that  Houfe, 
but  not  entered  :  Thofe  from  the  Lords  are,  and 
ran  in  thefe  Words  : 

To  the  KING'J  Mojl  Excellent  Majefty  > 

May  it  plea fe  your  Majefty  ^ 

THE  Senfe  your  faithful  Subjects  the  Peers,  Another  Letter 
now  affe-mbled,  have  of  your  Majefty's  fafeflom  the  Speak. 
....  ,.  r>       i     7     r    r       /       j    •      r  eroi  the  Houfe 

Arrival  into  this  your  Realm  of  hngland  is  fo  ci- Lorch  to  the 
great,  as  obligeth  them,  by  all  dutiful  Acknow-King. 
lodgments,  to  exprefs  the  fame  by  thefe  Lines, 
before  they  have  the  Honour  and  Hnppinefs  to  do 
it  perfonally  to  your  Majefty ;  which  they  intend 
to  perform  fo  foon  as  they  {hall  receive  Significa-' 
tion  of  your  Majefty's  Pleafure  when,  where,  and 
in  what  Manner  they  (hall  wait  upon  you.  And, 
as  your  faithful  Council,  do  humbly  offer  to  your 
Majefty's  Deliberation  fo  to  confult  the  Safety  of 
your  Royal  Perfon,  wherein  they  are  highly  con- 
cerned, that,  in  your  Return  to  London,  the  Se- 
curity thereof  be  preferred  to  all  external  Confi- 
derations  ;  which,  out  of  our  Zeal  to  your  Maje- 
fty, is  humbly  offered  by 

Tour  Majefty's  moft  humble  t  faithful y 

And  obedient  Suljefls  and  Servants. 
Signed  in  the  Names,  and  by  the  Command,  of 

the  faid  Houfe  of  Peers-,  by 
Weftminfter,    7  £.    MANCHESTER, 

May  z5,  1660.  $  Speaker  pro.  Tempore. 

U  2  Th? 

308     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  II.     The  Letter  to  the  Commiflioners  was  as  follows : 

^"T?  To  the  Rt.  Hon.  the  Earl  of  OXFORD,  and  the  reft 

of  the  Lords  CommiJJioners  with  his  Majefty  > 

My  Lords,  Weftminfter^  May  25,  1660. 

'  T  Am  commanded  by  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  now 
4  J[  aflembled,  to  inclofe  this  Letter  in  your  Lord- 
'  fhips  to  his  Majefty  from  them,  which  they  defire 
'  your  Lordfhips  would  prefent  to  his  Majefty  fo 
4  foon  as  with  Conveniency  you  may.  This  is  all 
'  I  am  commanded,  who  am 

Your  Lordjhips  moft  humble  Servant, 


Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers 
pro  Tempore. 

General   Montagu's   Letter. 
Te  the  Rt.  Hon.  the  SPEAKER  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS. 

About  ten  Leagues  from  Scheveling, 
My  Lord,  May  23,  1660. 

Notice  from  Ad- 1  TJTAving  appointed  a  Rendezvous  of  as  many 
SujcSg?  '  -ML  ShiPs  as  could  be  got  together  in  the  Bay  of 
«mbarJcing,°  '  Scheveling,  that  I  might  the  better  receive  his  Ma- 

*  jefty's  Commands,  in  order  to  his  happy  Return  to 
4  England,  it  pleafed  his  moft  gracious  Majefty,  this 

*  Day  about  Noon,  to  embark  himfelf  in  the  Naze- 
'  by,  riding  before  Scheveling.     Their  Royal  High- 

*  nefles  the  Dukes  of  York  and  Gloucejler,  the  Prin- 
'  cefs  Royal,  Queen  of  Bohemia,  and  the  Prince  of 

*  Orange,  accompanied  his  Majefty  on  board  ;  and, 

*  about  three  Hours  after,   the  Duke  of  York  em- 
4  barking  in  the  London,  the    Duke  of  Gloucejler 

*  in  the  Swiftfure,    the  Princefs  Royal,  the  Queen 

*  of  Bohemia,  and  Prince  of  Orange,  returned  to 

*  Scheveling;  and  the  Fleet  fet  Sail,  by  his  Majefty's 
4  Command,  bound  for-the  Port  of  Dover,  whither 
4  I  truft  God  will  give  us  a  fpeedy  and  profperous 
e  Paffage,     I  apprehend  it  my  Duty  to  give  your 

4  Lord- 

uj    n  n  G  L  A  N  D.       309 

*  Lord /hips   the   fooneft  Advertifement  thereof  I  An.  12.  <_*.    . 
c  could,  and  fo  remain 

Tour  Lordfoip's  mojl  humble  May. 

And  faithful  Servant, 


The  Commons  read  a  fecond  Time,  and  com- 
mitted to  a  Comittee  of  the  whole  Houfe,  a  Bill  for 
taking  away  the  Court  of  Wards  and  Liveries,  and 
all  Tenures  in  Capite,  or  by  Knights  Service;  and, 
on  the  Queftion,  refolved,  '  That  the  Sum  of 
1 00,ooo /.  a-year  be  fettled  on  the  King's  Majefty, 
in  lieu  of  the  faid  Court  and  Tenures.' 

May  28.  Nothing  material  was  done  in  cither 
Houfe,  Sunday  intervening,  till  this  Day;  when  the 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords  acquainted  their 
Lordmips  with  a  Letter  he  had  received  by  the 
Hands  of  Mr.  Berkeley,  which,  being  opened,  ap- 
peared to  be  a  Letter  from  the  King,  and  was  read 
in  his  Verbis  : 

To  our  Trufty  and  right  Well-beloved  the  SPEAKER 
•of  our  Houfe  of  PEERS,  to  be  communicated  to 
the  Lords  there  afTembled  ; 


Right  Trufty  and  Intirely-beloved  Coufins,  Right 
Trufty  and  Right  Well-beloved  Coufins,  and 
Right  Trufty  and  Well-beloved,  we  Greet  you 

/fFter  we  had  received  your  Invitation,  we  made  The  King's  Let. 
-^  all  pojjible  Expedition  to  embark,  and  return  /<?  ter  to  the  Lords 
cur  native  Kingdom.    It  hath  pleafed  God  to  bring  us**1' 
fafe  to  Land,   and  we  hope  that  Peace  and  Happinefs 
'jhall  be  brought  to  our  Kingdoms  with  us.     We  know 
vur  own  Heart  to  have  nothing  but  Affection  to  the 
Good  of  all  our  People  ;  and  we  cannot  doubt  of  God's 
Bleffing  on  our  Councils  and  Endeavours,  for  the  ad- 
vancing the  Honour  and  Happinefs  of  our  Kingdoms. 
Wt  cannot  diftruft  but  that  you  will  anj'wer  the  Pro- 
U  3  fejjions 

310     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.ll.ffjjions  you  have  made  of  your  Loyalty  and  Affeftion 

1660.        tit  cur  Service  •,  and,  you  may  be  Jure,  that  we  will 

V..  '— v— "-J    le  deficient  in  nothing  that  becomes  a  gracious  Prince 

Ma>'*         to  bis  faithful  Subjefts.   We  hope  Jkortly  to  fee  you, 

and  da  intend  to  fet  forward  from  hence  on  Monday 

next,  and  we  bole  to  arrive  at  London  on  Tuefday  in 

the  Afternoon,  and  will  then  give  you  timely  Notice 

where,  and  when,  to  attend  us  ;    and,  in  the  mtan 

Time,  W  bid  you  heartily  farewell. 

Given  at  oui  Court  at  Canterbury,  this  26th  Day 
of  May ,  1660,  in  the  I2th  Year  of  our  Reign. 

After  the  foregoing  Letter  was  read,  the  Lord 
Berkley,  one  of  the  Commiffioners  fent  over  to  the 
King,  acquainted  the  Houfe,  That  he  was  com- 
manded by  his  Majefty  to  let  their  Lordmips  know, 
the  King  intended  to  be  the  next  Day  at  Whitehall^ 
at  Twelve  o'Clock,  where  he  expected  their  Lord- 
ihips  to  attend  him  in  a  full  Aflembly. 

Another  Letter,  to  the  fame  Purport  as  the  laft 
to  the  Lords,  from  the  King,  was  prefented  to  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  by  Lord  Falkland^  and  was  read 
to  that  Houfe  by  their  Speaker,  {landing  up  in  his 

The  late  Lords  Commiflioners  of  the  Great  Seal, 
according  to  the  Order  of  the  Houfe,  did  this  Day 
bring  the  Great.  Seal,  in  their  Cuflcdy,  to  the 
Cleric's  Table,  and  delivered  the  fame  to  i:he  Speaker : 
And  a  Smith  being  lent  for  forthwith,  he  was  or- 
dered to  deface  and  break  in  Pieces  the  laid  Seal  at 
the  Bar,  the  Houfe  then  fitting  j  which  was  done 
accordingly,  and  the  Pieces  thereof  were  delivered 
to  the  late  Commiflioners  as  their  Fees. 

May  29.  The  Commons  had  been  bufy  fome 
Time  in  preparing  Orders.  ;md  Ordinances  on  ieve- 
ral  Occafions,  which  the  Lords  thought  fit  to  alter 
the  Nature  and  Titles  of,  and  throw  them  into  the 
Prei(/;ative  Royal  by  Proclamations,  as  was  an- 
ticnily  the  Praclice  in  this  Realm.  The  firft  In- 
fbnce  of  this  Kind,  fmce  the  late  Usurpations, 
which  both  Houfes  agreed  to,  was  an  Ordinance 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      3u 

changed  into  a  Royal  Proclamation,  concerning  the  An.  12.  Car.  II. 
Rebels  in  Ireland,  thought  neceilary  at  this  Time  to        l66°- 
be  offered  to  the  King,  with  others,  to  damp  all  the  V«  —•«"•  «J 
Hopes  the  Papifts  might  cherifh  on  this  extraordi-        May* 
nary  Revolution.     The  Form  of  thefe  Acts  of  State 
are  only  preferved  in  the  'Journals  of  the  Lords,  and 
two  of  them  being  entered  there,  as  this  Day,  it  is 
thought  proper  to  give  them  as  they  run  in  the  an- 
tient  Form  of  Proclamations;  the  reft,  as  they  occur, 
in  the  Sequel. 

CHARLES,  by  the  Grace  of  God,  King  of  Eng- 
land, Scotland,  France,  and  Ireland,  Defender  of 
of  the  Faith,  &c. 

To  all  our  loving  Subjefls  of  England  and  Ireland, 

*  *\1C7'E  taking  Notice,  by  the  Information  of  A  Proclamation 
e    VV     the  Lords  and  Commons  now  afrembledfor7r£^"^  »n  the 
«  in  Parliament,  that,  after  the  vaftExpence  of  Blood  Kmss*  'me> 

'  and  Treafure  for  the  fuppreffing  of  the  late  horrid 
c  Rebellion  in  Ireland,  begun  in  October,  1641, 
'  there  are  yet  many  of  the  Natives  of  that  our 
'  Kingdom,  deeply  guilty  of  that  Rebellion,  who 
6  have  lately  broke  out  into  new  Acts  of  Force  and 
'  Violence,  fome  robbing,  murdering,  and  defpoil- 
'  ing  feveral  of  our  Englijh  Proteftant  Subjects  there 
f  planted  ;  others  of  them,  by  Force,  entering  upon 
'  and  difquieting  the  Poffeflion  of  feveral  Adven- 

*  turers  and  Soldiers  there,  to  the  great  and  manifeft 

*  Difturbance  and  Hinderance  of  our  Englijh  Plan- 

*  tation  :   And  being  very  fenfible  of  the  innocent 
c  Blood  of  fo  many  Thousands  of  our  Englijh  Pro- 
6  teftant  Subjects  formerly  flain  by   the  Hands  of 

*  thofe  barbarous  Rebels,  and  of  new  Mifchiefs  of 

*  the  fame  Kind  likely  to  fall  out,   as  the  fad  Iffue 
e  and  Confequence  of  fo  unhappy  Beginnings,  do 
'  therefore,   by  the  Advice  of  the  faid  Lords  and 

*  Commons  now  aiTembled,  as  well  to  teftify  our 

*  utter  abhorring  the  faid  late  Rebellion,  as  to  pre- 

*  vent  the  like  for  the  future,  and  for  the  prefent 

*  Eftablifhment  of  Peace  of  that  our  Kingdom,  hold 

*  it 

An.  it.  Car.  II. 


312     The  Parliamentary  HIST ORY 

it  our  Duty  to  God  and  the  whole  Proteftant  In- 
tereft,  to  command,  publifh,  and  declare;  and  do, 
by  this  our  Proclamation,  command,  publifh,  and 
declare,  That  all  Irijh  Rebels,  other  than  fuch  as 
by  Articles  have  Liberty  to  refide  in  their  own 
Dominions,  and  have  not  fmce  forfeited  the  Bene- 
fit thereof,  now  remaining  in,  or  which  hereafter 
(hall  refort  to  England  or  Ireland,  be  forthwith 
apprehended,  and  proceeded  again/I  as  Rebels  and 
Traitors,  according  to  Law.  And  that  the  Ad- 
venturers and  Soldiers,  and  other  our  Subjects  in 
Ireland,,  their  Heirs,  Executors,  Adminiftrators, 
and  Affigns,  who,  on  the  ift  Day  of  January  laft 
paft,  were  in  the  Pofieirion  of  any  the  Manors, 
Caftles,  Houfes,  Lands,  Tenements,  or  Heredita- 
ments of  any  the  faid  Irijh  Rebels,  (hall  not  be  di- 
fturbed  in  any  fuch  their  Poffeffions,  till  we,  by 
Advice  of  the  Lords  and  Commons  now  aiTembled 
as  aforeiaid,  or  fuch  Parliament  as  we  fhall  call 
in  England  or  Ireland,  fhall  take  further  Order ; 
or  that  they  be  legally  evicted  by  due  Courfe  of 
Law.  And  all  our  Juftices  of  the  Peace,  May- 
ors, Sheriffs,  and  other  Officers,  both  Civil  and 
Military,  both  in  England  and  Ireland,  are  hereby 
required  to  be  aiding  and  aUifting  in  the  Execution 
of  this  our  Proclamation,  as  often  as  Occafion  fhall 

Another  for 
keeping  the 
Peace,  Vr, 

CHARLES,  by  the  Grace  of  God,  of  England, 
Scotland,  France,  and  Ireland,  King,  Defender  of 
the  Faith,  &c. 

To  all  our  loving  Subjects  of  our  ReaJjn  of  England 
and  Dominion  of  Wales,  Greeting, 

4  "\y^/>^  to'"'nS  Notice  of  the  Information  of  the 
c  V V  Lords  and  Commons  now  affembled  in 
4  Parliament,  that  feveral  Riots  have  been  commit- 
4  ted,  and  forcible  Entries  made  upon  the  PofTeffions 

*  of  divers  of  r-ur  Subjects,  as  well  Ecclefiaftical  as 
'  Tempcial,  who  have  been  fettled  in  the  laid  Pof- 
'  fefilons  by  any  unlawful  or  pretended  Authority, 

*  and  that  without  any  Order  of  Parliament  or  legal 

«  Evic- 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       313 

Eviction,  to  the  Difturbance  of  the  Public  Peace,  An.  ^^.  Cai 
whilft  thefe  Matters  are  under  the  Confideration        1660. 
of  our  Parliament :  We  therefore,  by  the  Advice    v— ~  v— 
of  our  Lords  and  Commons  aforefaid,  for  the  Pre-         May< 
vention  of  the  like  Riots,  forcible  Entries,  and 
Prefervation  of  the  Public  Peace  of  this  our  Realm, 
do,  by  this  our  Proclamation,  command,  pubiifh, 
and  declare,  That  no  Perfon  or  Perfons,  Ecclefi- 
aftical  or  Temporal,  (hall  prefume  forcibly  to  en- 
ter upon,  or  difturb,  the  faid  Poflefiions,  or  any  of 
them,  till  our  Parliament  fhall  take  Order  therein, 
or  an  Eviction  be  had  by  due  Courfe  of  Law.   And 
all  our  Juftices  of  the  Peace,  Mayors,  Sheriffs,  and 
other  Minifters  of  Juftice,  and  all  other  our  loving 
Subjects,  ar'e  hereby  required  to  be  aiding  and  af- 
fifting  in  the  Execution  of  this  our  Proclamation, 
as  often  as  Occafion  ihall   require,  as  they  will 
avoid  our  Royal  Difpleafure.' 

After  the  reading  and  agreeing  to  thefe  two  Pro- 
clamations, in  the  Forenoon  of  this  Day  the  Lords 
adjourned  to  after  Dinner,  which  was  only  to  go 
from  their  own  Houfe,  in  Proceffion,  to  wait  upon 
the  King  at  Whitehall.  The  Earl  of  Manchejier 
•was  appointed  to  fpeak  what  his  Lordfhip  thought 
fit,  to  exprefs  the  Joy  of  that  Houfe  for  his  Majcfty's 
fafe  Return  to  his  Throne. 

The  Houfe  of  Commons  did  nothing  material  in 
the  Forenoon  of  this  Day,  but  reiblve,  nem.  con. 
c  That  the  Kinc;'s  Majefty  be  pleafed  to  give  Order, 
that  the  Oaths  of  Supremacy  and  Allegiance  be  ad- 
miniftered  according  to  the  Laws  and  Statutes  of 
this  Realm  now  in  Force.' 

In  the  Afternoon  they  met  again,  read  and  com- 
mitted a  Bill  for  Confirmation  of  the  Privileges  of 
Parliament,  Magna  Chart  a  ^  Stattttum  de  Talagio 
non  concedendo,  the  Petition  of  Rights,  and  other 
Acts  :  After  which  we  find  the  following  Entry  in 
their  Journals  : 

'  The  King's  Majefty  having,  by  Letter  to  this 
Houfe,  fignified  his  Pleafure  to  be  at  Whitehall  this 
Day,  and  the  Lord  Herbert  having  communicated 


314     cft>e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  Il.his  Majefty's  Intentions  to  give  a  Meeting  to  this 
1660.  Houfe  there,  the  Houfe  did,  after  their  Adjourn- 
U-Mf"*"'  nient,  walk  on  Foot  from  Wejlminfter  to  Whitehall^ 
y*  divers  Gentlemen  going  bifore  Mr.  Speaker  j  and, 
after  them,  the  Clerk,  and  Clerk-Afiiftant  of  this 
Houfe ;  and  next,  before  Mr.  Speaker,  the  Serjeant 
at  Arms  attending  this  Houfe  bearing  his  Mace, 
(being  all  uncovered)  the  Members  of  this  Houfe 
following  Mr.  Speaker  three  in  a  Rank  :  And,  be- 
ing come  to  Whitehall^  they  went  up  into  the  Ban- 
quetting- Houfe  >  and  there  attended  his  Majefty's 
coming  to  Whitehall ;  which  being  about  Seven  of 
the  Clock,  his  Majefty,  about  Half  an  Hour  after, 
came  into  the  Banquetting-Houfe,  and  there  placed 
himfelf  in  his  Chair  of  State :  Whereupon  Mr. 
Speaker,  being  before  retired  to  the  lower  Part  of 
the  Room,  and  the  Way  being  clear  to  the  Chair  of 
State,  did,  after  his  humble  Obeifance,  walk  up  to- 
wards his  Majefty;  two  Members  of  the  Houfe  go- 
ing, one  on  one  Hand,  and  another  on  the  other 
Hand  of  him,  and  divers  other  Members  following 
him,  the  Serjeant  going  immediately  before  him, 
with  the  Mace  turned  downwards ;  and,  in  his  Way, 
made  two  other  Obeifances  to  his  Majefty  ;  and, 
coming  up  to  his  Majefty,  he  did  addrefs  himfelf 
to  him,  in  the  Name  of  this  Houfe,  by  an  elo- 
quent Oration,  to  which  his  Majefty  gave  a  gracious 
Anfvver  :  Which  being  performed,  the  Members  of 
this  Houfe,  then  attending,  kitted  his  Majefty's 
Hand  :  And,  after  that,  his  Majefty  retired  out  of 
the  Banquetting- Houfe ;  and  Mr.  Speaker,  and  the 
reft,  thereupon  departed.' 

May  30.  The  two  Houfes  having  congratulated 
his  Majefty  on  his  Return  to  his  Dominions,  and  the 
Exercife  of  his  Kingly  Office,  by  the  Mouths  of 
their  diftincr.  Speakers,  they  met  again  this  Day  to 
proceed  in  National  Affairs,  which  were  now  to  be 
carried  on  according  to  the  antient  Government  of 
tiiis  Realm,  by  King,  Lords,  and  Commons.  The 
Speech  the  Earl  of  Manchefter,  Speaker  of  the  Houfe 
of  Lords,  till  a  Lord  Chancellor,  or  Lord  Keeper  of 


Of    ENGLAND.       315 

the  Great  Seal  could  be  created,  made  to  the  King,  An,  n.  Car.  II. 
is  entered  in  the  Proceedings  of  this  Day,  in  their 
"Journals.  But  that  which  Sir  Harb'jttle  Grim/ion^ 
Bart,  delivered  on  the  fame  Occafion,  has  1,0  farther 
Notice  taken  of  it  in  their  Journals^  than  what  is 
mentioned  above.  The  King's  feparate  Anfwers  to 
them  are  entered  in  both  "Journals ;  and  fince  our 
large  Collection  of  old  Pamphlets,  Speeches,  bV. 
\vhich  ftill  holds  out,  furnifhes  us  alfo  with  Sir  Har- 
bottle  Grimjion's  learned  Oration  on  this  folemn 
Occafion,  we  {hall  here  give  them  all  together,  and 
leave  them  to  the  Reader's  own  Comment. 

The  Earl  <?/ MANCHESTER'*  Speech  to  his  Majefly. 

«  rTlHAT  this  Day  may  prove  happy  to  your The  Speaker  of 

J_      Majefty,  is  the  Hope,  the  Expectation,  and  the  Houfe  of 
the  earneft  Defire  of  my  Lords  the  Peers,   whofe Lords  Addrefs  ta 
Commands  are  upon  me  to  make  this  humble  Ten-  J^,/, J^  at 
der  to  your  Majefty,   of  their  loyal  Joy  for  your 
Majefty's  fafe  Return  to  your  native  Kingdom,  and 
for  this  happy  Reftoration  of  your  Majefty  to  your 
Crown  and  Dignity,  after  fo  long,  and  fo  fevere,  a 
Suppreflion  of  your  juft  Right  and  Title. 

4  I  Ihall  not  reflect  upon  your  Majefty's  Suffer- 
ings, which  have  been  your  People's  Miferies  ;  yet 
I  cannot  omit  to  fay,  That  as  the  Nation  in  gene- 
ral, fo  the  Peers,  with  a  more  perfonal  and  particu- 
lar Senfe,  have  felt  the  Stroke  that  cut  the  Gordian 
Knot,  which  fattened  your  Majefty  to  your  King- 
dom, and  your  Kingdom  to  your  Majefty. 

4  For  fince  thole  itrange  and  various  Fluctuations 
and  Difcompofures  in  Government,  fince  thofe 
horrid  and  unparallel'd  Violations  of  all  Order  and 
Juftice,  Strangers  have  ruled  over  us,  even  with  a 
Rod  of  Iron  :  But  now,  with  Satisfaction  of  Heart, 
we  own  and  fee  your  Majefty  our  native  King,  a 
Son  of  the  Wife,  a  Son  of  the  Antient  Kings,  whofe 
Hand  holds  forth  a  golden  Scepter. 

c  Great  King  !  Give  me  Leave  to  fpeak  the 
Confidence,  as  well  as  the  Defires,  of  the  Peers  of 
England,  Be  you  the  powerful  Defender  of  the 
true  PrQteftant  Faith  j  the  juft  Afierter  and  Main- 


316       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iz.  Car.  Il.tainer  of  the  Laws  and  Liberties  of  your  Subjects  ; 

1660.        fo  fhall  Judgment  run  down  like  a  River,    and  Ju- 

**-~-v—~>    ftice  like  a  mighty  Stream  ;  and  God,  the  God  of 

^'        your  Mercy,  who  hath  fo  miraculoufly  preferved 

you,   will  eftablifh  your  Throne  in  Righteoulhefs 

and  in  Peace. 

*  Dread  Sovereign  !  I  offer  no  flattering  Titles, 
but  fpeak  the  Words  of  Truth.  You  are  the  De- 
fire  of  Three  Kingdoms,  the  Strength  and  the  Stay 
of  the  Tribes  of  the  People,  for  the  moderating  of 
Extremities,  the  reconciling  of  Differences,  the 
fatisfying  of  all  Interefts,  and  for  the  reftoring  of  the 
collapfed  Honour  of  thefe  Nations.  Their  Eyes  are 
toward  your  Majefty,  their  Tongues,  with  loud 
Acclamations  of  Joy,  fpealc  the  Thoughts  and  loyal 
Intentions  of  their  Hearts  ;  their  Hands  are  lift  up 
to  Heaven  with  Prayers  and  Praifes :  And  what 
oral  Triumph  can  equal  this  your  Pomp  and  Glory. 
'  Long  may  your  Majefty  live  and  reign  ;  a  Sup- 
port to  your  Friends,  a  Terror  to  your  Enemies,  an 
Honour  to  your  Nation,  and  an  Example  to  Kings 
of  Piety,  Juftice,  Prudence,  and  Power  ;  that  this 
prophetic  Expreflion  may  be  verified  in  your  Ma- 
jeily,  King  Charles  the  Second  (ball  be  greater  than 
ever  was  the  greateft  of  that  Name.' 

To  which  his  Majefty  made  the  following  An- 
fwer  : 

My  Lord, 

His  Malay's       7  Am  fo  disordered  by  my  "Journey,  and  with  the 
Anfwerl  J-     tf0;fe  ft  HI  founding  in  my  Ears,   (which  I  canfefs 

was  pleafmg  to  me,  becaufe  it  expreffed  the  AJfettions 
tf  my  People)  as  I  am  unfit  at  the  prefent  to  make  fuch 
a  Reply  as  I  defire  \  yet  thus  much  I  jhall  jay  unto 
you,  That  I  take  no  greater  Satisfaction  to  myfelf  in 
this  my  Change,  than  that  I  find  my  Heart  really  fet 
to  endeavour,  by  all  Means,  for  the  reftoring  of  this 
Nation  to  their  Freedom  and  Happinefs  :  And  1  hopey 
by  the  Advice  of  my  Parliament,  to  effect  it.  Of  this 
a Ifo  you  may  be  confident,  that,  next  to  the  Honour  of 
God,  from  whom  principally  I  Jhall  ever  own  this  Re- 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     317 

/I  oration  to  my  Crown,  I  /ball  ftudy  the  Welfare  of  my  An.  12.  Car.  II, 
People  j  and  Jball  not  only  be  a  true  Defender  of  the         1660. 
Faith,   but  a  in  ft  A  fierier  of  the  Laws  and  Liberties        ~~ 

Speaker  of  the  Honourable  Houfe  of  Commons^  to 
the  King's  Mojl  Excellent  Majejly,  delivered  in 
the  Banquetting-Houfe,  at  Whitehall,  May  29, 
1660,  the  Members  of  that  Houfe  being  then  pre- 

Moji  gracious  and  dread  Sovereign, 

'  TF  all  the  Reafon  and  Eloquence  that  is  difper-TheSpsaker  of 
JL  fed  in  fo  many  feveral  Heads  and  Tongues  as'he  Houfe  °^ 

,  ,     ,     ./ j»      ,  ,  .    .  °  Commons  Ad- 

are  in  the  whole  World,  were  conveyed  into  mydrel-s  to  t^ 
Brain,  and  united  in  my  Tongue,  yet  J  mould  want  King. 
Sufficiency  to  difcharge  that  great  Tafk  I  am  now 

*•  The  Reftitution  of  your  Majefty  to  the  Exer- 
cife  of  your  juft  and  moft  indubitable  native  Right 
of  Sovereignty,  and  the  Deliverance  of  your  People 
from  Bondage  and  Slavery,  hath  been  wrought  out 
and  brought  to  pafs,  by  a  miraculous  Way  of  Di- 
vine Providence,  beyond  and  above  the  Reach  and 
Comprehenfton  of  our  Underftandings,  and  there- 
fore to  be  admired  ;  impoflible  to  be  exprefled. 

'  God  hath  been  pleafed  to  train  your  Majefty 
up  in  the  School  of  Affliction,  where  you  have  learn'd 
that  excellent  Leflbn  of  Patience  fo  well,  and  im- 
proved it  fo  much  for  the  Good  of  your  People,  that 
we  have  all  juft  Caufe  for  ever  to  blefs  God  for  it, 
and  we  doubt  not  but  your  Name  is  regiftered  in 
the  Records  of  Heaven,  to  have  a  Place  in  the 
higheft  Form  amongft  thofe  glorious  Martyrs  of 
whom  it  is  reported,  that,  thro'  Faith  in  Chriji  and 
Patience  in  their  Sufferings,  they  converted  their 
very  Tormenters,  and  conquered  thofe  barbarous 
bloody  Tyrants,  under  whom  they  then  differed, 
infomuch  as  they  themfelves  were  many  Times  in- 
forced  to  confefs  and  cry  out,  Sat  eft  vicijh  Galliltsus^ 
they  had  their  wV//?/,  and  that  defervedly  ;  but  your 


3 1 8     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  tz.  Car.  II.  Majefty  muft  have  a  treble  vi.ctfti^  for  with  the  fame 
1660.  Weapons,  Faith  and  Patience,  you  have  overcome 
*— -V"-'  and  conquered  the  Hearts  and  Affections  of  all  your 
y*  People  in  Three  great  Nations,  the  Hearts  and  Af- 
fections of  all  that  are  worthy  the  Name  of  good 
Chiiftians,  or  reafonable  Men. 

'  'Tis  God,  and  God  alone,  to  whom  be  the  Glo- 
ry, that  hath  made  your  Majefty  fo  great  a  Con- 
queror ;  indeed  your  Conqueft  is  incomparable,  no 
Story  can  inftance  the  like,  or  furnifh  us  with  an 
Example  to  paralel  it  withal.  'Twas  a  Ufe  and 
Cudom  amongft  the  Romans,  when  any  of  their 
Commanders  had  done  eminent  Services  abroad,  at 
their  Returns,  to  honour  them  with  Triumphs,  and 
riding  through  their  Streets  ;  there  they  received  the 
Praifes  and  Apphufes  of  the  People,  with  this  In- 
fcription  upon  their  laurel  Crowns,  Vincenti  dabitur, 
But  your  Majefty's  Victory  is  of  another  Nature ; 
and  as  it  differs  much  from  theirs  in  the  Quality  of 
it,  fo  your  Triumph  muft  differ  as  much  from  theirs 
in  the  Manner  of  it.  They  conquered  Bodies,  but 
your  Majefty  hath  conquered  Souls ;  they  conquered 
for  the  Honour  and  Good  of  themfelves,  but  your 
Majefty  hath  conquered  for  the  Honour  and  Good 
of  your  People;  they  conquered  with  Force,  but 
your  Majefty  hath  conquered  with  Faith  ;  they  con- 
quered with  Power,  but  your  Majefty  hath  con- 
quered with  Patience ;  and  therefore  God  himfelf 
hath  written  your  Motto,  and  infcribed  it  upon  your 
Royal  Crown,  Patienti  dabitur.  Their  Triumphs 
were  in  narrow  Streets,  but  your  Majefty's  Triumph 
muft  be  in  iarc;e  Hearts  ;  their  Triumphs  lafted  but 
for  a  Day,  but  your  Majefty's  Triumph  muft  laft 
for  all  your  Days,  and  after  that  to  triumph  in 
Heaven  to  all  Eternity. 

c  I  have  read  of  a  Duke  of  Burgundy,  who  was 
called  Carclus  dudax,  the  Hiftorian  tellb  us  that  his 
Father  was  called  Caroius  Bonus  :  An  Obfervator 
hath  this  Note  upon  it,  That  Goodnefs  doth  ever 
produce  Boldnefs.  Sir,  you  are  the  true  Son  of 
fuch  a  good  Father ;  and  fo  long  as  you  ferve  our 
good  God,  he,  who  is  Goodnefs  itfelf,  will  give 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       319 

you  Boldnefs,  a  princely  Virtue,  and  the  beft  Foil  An.  12  Car.ll, 
your  Majefty  can  ufe,  to  fet  out  the  true  Luftre  of  all       l66°- 
your  other  moft  eminent  and  lovely  Graces.  V""-M'~~ '' 

'  Moft  Royal  Sovereign,  I  have  yet  a  few  Words 
more,  and  to  doubt  your  Patience,  who  is  the  Mir- 
ror of  Patience,  were  to  commit  a  Crime  unpardon- 
able and  fit  to  be  excepted  out  of  that  A6t  of  Obli- 
vion, which  your  Majefty  hath  fo  gracioufly  tendered 
unto  your  People  ;  therefore,  with  an  humble  Con- 
fidence, I  fhall  prefume  to  acquaint  your  Majefty, 
that  I  have  it  further  in  Command  to  prefent  you, 
at  this  Time,  with  a  Petition  of  Right,  and  humbly, 
upon  my  bended  Knees,  to  beg  your  Royal  Afient 
thereunto.  ;Sir,  it  hath  already  parTed  two  great 
Houfes,  Heaven  and  Earth,  and  I  have  Vox  Populi^ 
and  Vox  Dei,  to  warrant  this  bold  Demand.  It  is, 
That  your  Majefty  would  be  pleafed  to  remove  your 
Throne  of  State,  and  to  fet  it  up  in  the  Hearts  of 
your  People  ;  and  as  you  are  defervedly  the  King  of 
Hearts,  there  to  receive  from  your  People  a  Crown 
of  Hearts.  Sir,  this  Crown  hath  three  excellent 
and  rare  Properties,  'tis  a  fweet  Crown,  'tis  a  faft 
Crown,  and  'tis  a  lafting  Crown ;  'tis  a  fweet  Crown, 
for  'tis  perfumed  with  nothing  but  the  Incenfe  of 
Prayers  and  Praifes ;  'tis  a  faft  Crown,  for  'tis  let  upon 
your  Royal  Head,  by  him  who  only  hath  the  Power 
of  Hearts,  the  King  of  Kings  ;  and  'tis  a  lafting 
Crown,  your  Majefty  can  never  wear  it  out,  for  the 
longer  you  wear  this  Crown,  it  will  be  the  better  for 
the  wearing;  and  it  is  the  hearty  Defires,  and  moft 
earneft  Prayers  of  all  your  loyal,  loving,  and  faithful 
Subjects,  that  you  may  never  change  that  Crown  till 
you  change  it  for  a  better,  a  Crown  of  eternal  Glory 
in  the  higheft  Heavens;  and  the  Lord  fay  Amen? 

To  this  laft  Harangue  the  King  returned  the  fol- 
lowing Anfwer  : 

/ Shall  not  trouble  you  with  many  IVords^  for  really  The  King's  An- 
•^   I  am  fo  weary  that  I  am  fcarce  able  to  /peak : fwsr> 
But  I  defire  you  may  know  thus  much^  That  whatfo- 
ever  may  concern  the  Good  of  this  People,  the  Defence 


320       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  12.  Cu.Il.and  Confirmation  of  your  Laws >  and  the  Ejlablifi* 
1660.        ment  Of  yOUr  Religion,  I  Jhall  be  as  ready  to  grant  as 
^"*^~     r  you  Jhall  be  to  ajk  :  And  I  Jhall  Jludy  nothing  more 
than  to  make  them  as  happy  as  myfelf. 

But,  before  we  go  on  with  the  Proceedings  of 
both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  we  mall  revert  a  little, 
to  give  fome  Account  of  the  King's  Landing  at 
Dover,  and  the  public  Entry  he  afterwards  made 
into  his  City  of  London,  and  to  that  Palace  to  which 
he  was  then  fo  great  a  Stranger.  We  are  confcious 
this  Affair  has  been  amply  related  by  moft  or  all  of 
our  general  Hiftorians  ;  but  as  we  fhall  copy  none 
of  them,  and  give  one  quite  different,  from  an  Eye 
and  an  Ear-Witnefs  of  all  thele  glorious  Works, 
\ve  may  more  readily  be  excufed  for  the  Recital. 
The  Author  we  fhall  quote  from  is  Dr.  Gumble^ 
who  wrote  the  Li'e  of  General  Monke,  as  has  been 
mentioned,  and  who  accompanied  his  Mafter  down 
to  Dover,  to  meet  and  receive  the  King  on  his 

Dr.  Gamble's  '  That  on  Saturday,  May  26,  his  Majefty  landed 
Account  of  the  at  the  Beach  on  Dover  Pier,  with  the  Dukes  of 
£iLl»!ry  Tork  and  Gloucefter,  and  many  other  Noblemen  and 
Gentlemen  :  That  the  General  received  him  with 
becoming  Duty,  but  his  Majefty  embraced  him  with 
an  Affedtion  fo  absolutely  entire  and  vehement,  as. 
higher  could  not  be  expreffed  from  a  Prince  to  a 
Subject ;  he  embraced  and  killed  him.  Our  Author 
lays  he  had  the  Honour  to  be  at  the  General's  Back, 
when  this  happened,  and  was  the  third  Per  ion  that 
kifled  the  Hem  of  hisMajefty's  Garments  after  he  fet 
Foot  in  England:  That  he  let  himfelf  to  obferve  his 
Majefty's  Countenance  on  his  firft  Landing,  where 
he  did  lee  a  Mixture  of  other  Paffions  beiidesjoy  in 
his  Face.  Certainly,  adds  this  Author,  he  had  the 
Remembrance  of  the  cruel  Perfections  of  both  his. 
Father  and  himlelf,  befides  the  Numbers  of  People 
fhouting.  the  Great  Guns  from  the  Ships  in  the 
Road,  and  from  the  Caftle,  thundering  with  all  the 
Expreffions  of  Glory  that  were  poflible :  Thefe, 
with  a  Reflection  of  Things  paft  not  many  Years. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       321 

before,  might  as  well  amaze  as  rejoice  his  Royal An-  "-Car. II. 
Heart.  U^TX^I 

We  fhall  not  trace  this  Author  any  further  in  the  M 
King's  Journey  from  Dover  to  London^  where  he  fays 
the  King  prefled  to  be,  that  he  might  enter  his  Capital 
on  the  29th  of  Moy^  the  Day  of  his  Birth ;  on  which 
Day,  being  got  as  near  as  alackheath^  he  found  the 
Army  drawn  up,  and  there  exprefled  their  dutiful 
Allegiance  in  an  humble  Addrefs,  offering  to  facri- 
fice  their  Lives,  or  whatfoever  could  be  more  dear 
to  them,  for  his  Service,  againft  whatfoever  Oppo- 
fers;  and  would  (hew  their  Obedience  better  in  their 
Actions  than  in  Words.  This  Sight  did  pleafe  his 
Majefty  very  much,  and  he  took  a  full  View  of 
them.  They  were  as  brave  Troops  as  the  World 
could  {hew,  appearing  to  be  Soldiers  well  difci- 
plined,  and  feemed  to  be  Men  of  one  Age  and  one 
Mind.  His  Majefty  did  like  rather  to  have  them 
loyal  Subjects,  as  they  now  protefted,  than  (what 
fome  of  them  had  been  formerly)  violent  Enemies. 
Thefe  Men  had  bought  Wit  at  the  Hazard  of  their 
Souls,  as  well  as  by  the  Lofs  of  fome  Blood,  and 
now  refolved  Loyalty  into  their  Nature  and  Princi-' 
pies,  and,  I  hope,  (fays  our  Author)  keep  this  Re- 
iblution  to  this  Day. 

'  At  St.  George's  Fields  the  Lord  Mayor  and  Al- 
dermen had  pitched  a  glorious  Tent,  and  provided  a 
fumptuous  Collation,  and  there,  upon  their  Knees, 
did  their  Duties ;  and  the  Lord  Mayor  delivered  his 
Sword,  and  received  it  again.  After  a  {hort  Stay 
his  Majefty  haftened  to  fee  Whitehall^  being  glutted 
with  the  Ceremonies  of  the  Day.  Princes  need 
their  Solitudes  and  Retirements,  and  certainly  he 
muft  be  wife  to  a  Miracle,  that  is  never  alone  and 
always  himfelf. 

'  All  the  Streets  were  richly  adorned  with  Tape  - 
ftry,  the  Conduits  flowing  with  the  richeft  Wines, 
every  Window  filled  with  Numbers  of  Spectators, 
and  upon  Scaffolds  built  for  that  Purpofe,  and  all 
other  Places  of  Conveniency.  There  were  rank'd, 
in  good  Order,  the  Trained  Band  Forces  on  the  0110 

VOL.  XXII,  X  Sids 

322     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  II.  Side  of  the  Streets,  and  the  feveral  Companies  in 
l66°'  their  Liveries  on  the  other.  From  Temple-Bar  to 
**""^~~>"*'  Whitehall  the  Trained  Bands  of  Wefiminjler  and 
the  Parts  adjacent  on  one  Side,  and  fome  Companies 
of  the  Ai  my  on  the  other,  to  whom  was  joined  a 
Company  of  the  late  King's  Officers,  commanded 
by  Sir  'John  StoweL  This  was  one  of  the  pleafanteft 
Sights  that  ever  England  beheld,  to  fee  a  good  Prince 
and  an  obedient  People  driving  who  fhould  exceed 
in  Love  and  Affection.  May  there  never  be  other 
Contention  between  them. 

'  The  Procefiion  was  led  by  Major -General 
Brown,  who  had  a  Troop  of  300,  all  in  Cloth  of 
Silver  Doublets;  then  followed  1200  in  Velvet 
Coats,  with  Footmen  in  Purple  Liveries  attend- 
ing them ;  then  another  Troop,  in  Buff  Coats, 
led  by  Sir  John  Robinfon,  with  Sleeves  of  Cloth 
of  Silver,  and  very  rich  green  Scarfs  :  After  thefe 
a  Troop  of  150,  with  blue  Liveries,  laced  with 
Silver  Lace,  with  fix  Trumpeters  and  feven  Foot- 
men in  Sea-green  and  Silver.  Then  a  Troop 
of  220,  with  30  Footmen  in  grey  and  Silver  Live- 
ries, and  four  Trumpeters  richly  cloathed;  then  an- 
other Troop  of  105,  with  grey  Liveries,  and  fix 
Trumpets;  and  another  of  70,  with  five  Trumpets. 
Then  three  Troops  more,  two  of  300,  and  one  of 
100,  all  richly  habited  and  bravely  mounted ;  after 
thefe  came  two  Trumpets  with  his  Majefty's  Arms; 
the  Sheriffs  Men  in  red  Cloaks,  richly  laced  with 
Silver  Lace,  to  the  Number  of  80,  with  Pikes  in 
their  Hands.  Then  followed  600  of  the  feveral 
Companies  of  London,  on  Horfeback,  in  black  Vel- 
vet Coats  with  Gold  Chains,  each  Company  having 
Footmen  in  rich  Liveries  attending. 

'  After  thefe  came  a  Kettle-Drum,  five  Trum- 
pets, three  Streamers,  and  many  rich  red  Liveries 
with  Silver  Lace :  After  thefe  12  Minifters,  and 
then  another  Kettle-Drum  and  four  Trumpets,  with 
his  Majefty's  Life-Guard  of  Horfe,  commanded  by 
the  Lord  Gerrard.  Then  three  Trumpets  in  rich 
Coats  and  Sattin  Doublets,  and  the  City  Marfhal 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      323 

with  eight  Footmen  in  Fren.b  Green,  trimm'd  with  An  i«.  Car.  II. 
Crimfon  and  White,   the  City  Waits,  and  all  the         l66o< 

City  Officers  in  Order;  then  the  two  Sheriffs,  and    ' "^ 

all  the  Aldermen  in  their  Scarlet  Gowns  and  rich 
Trappings,  with  Footmen  in  Liveries,  red  Coats 
Jaced  with  Silver  and  Cloth  of  Gold  and  Silver,  the 
Heralds  and  Maces  in  rich  Coats  ;  then  the  Lord 
Mayor  carrying  the  Sword  bare,  and  next  to  him 
the  Duke  of  Buckingham  and  the  General,  and  then 
the  King's  Majefty  betwixt  the  Dukes  of  York  and 
Gloucefter ;  after  which  followed  a  great  Troop  of  his 
Majefty's  Servants;  then  followed  a  Troop  of  Horfe 
with  white  Colours;  then  the  General's  Life-Guard, 
commanded  by  Sir  Philip  Howard;  wherein,  befide 
the  eftablifhed  Number,  rode  feveral  Noble  Perfons; 
in  the  firft  Rank  were  fuch  as  had  1 00,000 /.  per  Ann. 
of  Inheritance  among  them  ;  after  them  five  Regi- 
ments of  the  Army  Horfe,  led  by  Col.  Knight ;  and 
then  two  Troops  of  Noblemen  and  Gentlemen  to 
clofe  the  Procelfion.' 

Having  now  brought  our  Parliamentary  Inqui-  A  final!  Digref- 
ries  to  this  happy  Crifis  of  Time,  when  King, fion  concerning 
T  ,  ,  f^  '  11  ii  /i  j  &  this  Revolution. 

Lords,  and  Commons,  were  all  equally  reirored  to 

their  antient  and  juft  Rights  of  Government  in 
this  Nation  :  The  King  to  his  hereditary  Throne, 
the  Peers  alfo  to  their  hereditary  Seats  in  Parliament, 
and  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  confifting  of  the  true 
Reprefentatives  of  the  People,  to  their  Freedom  of 
Speaking  and  Voting,  without  Danger  of  being 
turned  out,  gutted,  or  garbled,  by  the  Power  of  a 
Standing  Army,  we  fhall  here  leave  them  for  a 
Time,  in  order  to  make  a  fhort  Digreffion  from  the 
Courfe  of  this  Hiftory,  to  trace  out  the  dark  and  in- 
tricate Steps  which  led  to  this  furprizing  Revolu- 

We  think  it  unneceflary  to  trouble  the  Readers 
with  recapitulating  any  Matters  we  have  already 
given,  or  harrafling  ourfelves,  after  fo  long  and 
tirefome  a  Journey,  with  needlefs  Repetitions  or 
Comments,  on  Fads  which  we  rather  chufe  to 
X  2  leave 

324     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  ia.  Car.  H.  leave  to  their  own  Judgment.     Yet,  fince  this  won- 

1660.        derful  Revolution  was  feemingly  brought  about  by 

^-—"v"1  "•*'  the  unen  ing  Hand  of  Providence  alone,  Man  being 

May*        only  the  Agent,  whofe  Ways  were  made  fmooth  and 

eafy  to  him,  by  many  unforefeen  and  unthought-of 

Accidents,  and  at  laft  even  compelled,  as  it  were,  to 

act  what  he  did  ;  we  (hall  juft  touch  upon  fome  of 

thefe  Matters,  in  order  to  fhew,  that  neither  the 

bammed  King,  nor  his  fmall  Court  abroad,  nor  his 

moft  fanguine  Friends  and  Well-wifhers  at  home, 

could  forefee  this  Change,  till  within  a  very  few 

Weeks  before  it  a£lually  happened. 

It  has  been  the  Opinion  of  fome,  and  Dr.  Price 
has  endeavoured  to  inculcate  it  throughout  his  {hort 
Hiftory  of  the  Restoration,  that  General  Monke 
had  a  real  Defi^n  in  his  Head,  to  reftore  the  King 
and  Royal  Family,  even  before  he  fet  out  with  his 
Army  from  Scotland.  In  the  Collection  of  Monke's 
Letters,  &c.  before  quoted,  there  is  yet  one  we  have 
not  mentioned  from  the  General  to  the  King,  and 
is  dated  from  Edinburgh ,  December  30,  1659.  In 
this'he  gives  his  Majefty  all  imaginable  Afturances 
of  his  fteady  Attachment  to  his  Intereft,  and  urges 
fome  Stipulations  neceffary  to  ground  his  Reftora- 
tion  upon.  We  make  no  Doubt  but  this  Letter  is 
fpurious,  and  put  at  the  Head  of  the  reft,  in  order  to 
fnew  what  a  double,  deceitful  Part  the  General  had 
acted  in  the  whole  Affair.  For,  firft,  the  General 
was  not  ?.t  Edinburgh,  but  with  his  Army  at  Cold" 
Jlrcam,  on  the  Day  this  Letter  is  dated  ;  and  he  paf- 
fed  the  Tweed  two  Days  after,  in  his  March  for 
England :  And  no  Author,  that  we  know  of,  men- 
tions any  fuch  Letter  being  fent.  But  the  ftrongeft 
Reafons  of  all  are  the  great  Uncertainty  of  Monkeys 
Deiigns,  which  the  King  and  his  Court  had  much 
nearer  to  his  open  Declaration  for  his  Majefty's  Inte- 
reft, and  the  Support  of  the  Royal  Caufe.  To  prove 
this,  we  {hall  give  fome  {hort  Abftradts  from  fome 
Letters,  printed  in  the  Appendix  to  the  Life  of  Dr. 
John  Barwick,  once  Dean  of  St.  Paul's,  London ; 
which  Letters  were  all  wrote  by  the  King  himfelf, 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       325 

or  the  Lord  Chancellor  Hyde^  not  many  Months,  An.  12.  Car.  IF. 
or  even  Weeks,  before  the  Reiteration.  a 

In  one  of  thefe  Letters  from  the  latter,  dated  *""" "^""""""'^ 
Brujftls,  January  12,  1660,  N.  S.  and  indorfed, 
Received  the  fame  Date,  O.  S.  b  are  thefe  Expref- 
fions  :  '  I  fend  you  herewith  two  Letters  from  the 
'  King,  to  your  two  Friends,  which  is  all  that  his 
4  Majefty  can  think  of,  in  order  to  Monke.  Since 
'  he  knows  there  is  a  Letter  for  him  from  the  King, 
'  and  hath  no  Mind  to  receive  it,  he  would  have  the 
'  fame  Shynefs  or  Perverfenefs,  if  another  was  fent, 
'  or  any  Meflenger  employed  to  him.  The  Intereft 

*  for  which  he  declares,   feems  not  worth  fuch  an 
'  Ensagement;  and  if  his  Conjunction  with  the  Scots 
<•  be  real,  that  Intereft  cannot  be  fupported  by  him. 

*  Yet  it  is  ftrange,  he  nor  any  of  his  Friends  (hould 

*  let  the  King  know  of  their  Purpofes,  if,  in  Truth, 

*  he  hath  any  good  Purpofes  towards  his  Service. 
'  The  whole  Dependence  the  King  hath  of  any 

*  Good  from  him,   is  from  your  Negotiation  ;    and 

*  therefore  the  Service  cannot  be  enough  valued.'  In 
another  Letter  from  the  Chancellor,  dated  alfo  from 
Brujfeh,  March  8,  N.  S.    and  indorfed,  Received 
March  6,  he  exprefles  himfelf  thusc :  '  As  Monkeys 

*  Proceeding  hath  been  very  myfterious  throughout, 

*  fo  nothing  is  more  wonderful  than  the  Secrefy  of 

*  all  that  hath  been  tranfacled  in  Scotland ;   of  all 

*  which  Intrigues  the  King  knows  no  more,  than 

*  he  doth  of  his  [Monke's]  prefent  Intentions  ;   nor 

*  hath  any  Exprefs  been  difpatched  from  Scotland    . 
1  to  the  King,  to  give  him  any  Account  of  what 

'  they  demanded,    or  the  other  prornifed.     Thcre- 

*  fore  the   King   defues  you  would   ufe    the   beft 

*  Means  you  can,  to  inform  yourfelf  of  all  the  Par- 
4  ticulars.'     Again,   in  the  fame  Letter,  as  a  Poft- 
fcript :   4  This  hath  been  written  thefe  two  Days, 

*  and  I  meant  not  to  have  made  any  Additions,  but 

*  the  Exprefs  is  juft  now  arrived  with  the  great 

X  3  News, 

a  Vita  Johannes  Barwick,  5.  T.  P.  &c.  Cut  adjlcitur  Affendix 
Epiftolarum,  tarn  ab  Rege  Carolo  fecando,  qitam  a  fuo  CanccUario  exu- 
lt) afibus  ;  aliarumque  Cbartarum  ad  candcm  Hificriam  perunentium. 

fimnia  ab  ipfis  Autographis  nunc  Edita,  Gft,  Lord,  1721. 
*  Lit,  N°,  12.  c  Lit,  NO.  29. 



326     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  14.  Car.  II.    News,  who  likewife  brings  your  Letter  of  the 
2 1  ft,  which  gives  the  King  great  Hope  that  Monke 
is  better  difpofed  and  refolved  than  he  yet  avows  : 
However,  the  Bufmefs  is  in  a  good  Way,  and  he 
will,  by  Degrees,  be  brought  to  it,  it  he  had  not 
rather  others  mould  have  the  Glory  of  fuch  an 
Action  than  himfelf.     But,  methinks,  this  calling 
another  Parliament    is    the  fartheft  Way  about, 
and  I  believe  not  eafy  to  be  pra&ifed.' 
To  come  ftill  nearer  to  the  Time,  the  King  and 
his  fmall  Council  had  very  certain  Intelligence  of  his 
being  recalled,   we  meet  with  another  Letter  d,   in 
the  fame  Appendix,   dated  from  Breda,    April  1 6, 
1660,  N.  S.  indorfed,  Received  on  tbejameDatc,  0.  S. 
we  have  thefe  Words  :  '  The  Proipect  of  your  Af- 
'  fairs  looks  very  well  towards  us  ;   and  lam  per- 
4  funded  that  Monke  will  in  the  End  appear  to  have 

*  proceeded  like  a  fober  Man  ;  and  aflure  yourfelf 
'  your  Friend  cannot  be  without  a  very  good  Ac- 

*  knowled«;ement,  for  contributing  much   towards 
'  bringing  him  to  that  Temper;  and  whatever  Jea- 

*  loufies  there  be  among  themfelves,  between  the 

*  Civil  and  Martial  Counfellors,  I  do  not  find  there 
4  is  any  of  the  laft  Claffis,  by  whom  Monke  is  like 

*  to  be  advifed,  or  who  are  like  to  be  of  fo  much 
'  Service  in  the  Army,  as  your  two  Friends  are  : 

*  And  therefore  I  pray  continue  your  Interpofition 
'  with  them,  with  all  the  Encouragements  that  can 

*  be  defireil  from  the  King,    of  which  they  may  be 

*  mod  confident.     And  here  I  muft  not  omit  to 

*  tell  you,  that  fome  Perfons,  of  unqueftionable  Af- 
'  fections,  and  of  great  Quality,  have  fent  lately  to 

*  the  King,  to  make  Propofitions  to  him,  of  enga- 

*  ging  Col,  Clobery,  as  a  Perfon  moft  able  to  do  him 

*  Service  with  the  General.     They  not  imagining 
4  that  we  have  any  Knowledge  of,  or  Communica- 

*  tion  with,  him;  nor  do  we  pretend  to  it,  but  feem 
4  to  decline  writing  fuch  Letters  as  they  define,  out 
4  of  an  Apprehenfion  that  he  is  of  the  Republican 
'  P^rty,  and   not  to  be  wrought  upon.     This  we 

*  think  very  necefiary  that  you  fliould  know,  and  it 

4  may 

d  Lit,  NO,  3j, 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       327 

6  may  be  he  [Monke]  himfelf,  left  it  fhould  be  inti-  An.  12.  Car.  n. 

*  mated  to  him,  that  there  is  an  ill  Opinion  of  him 
«  here,  which  fometimes  falls  out  by  the  Weaknefs 
6  of  our  Friends  ;  when,  to  avoid  fome  unfeafonable 
'  Overtures,  or  a  more  unfeafonable  Difcovery,  we 

*  feem  to  have  Prejudice  towards  thofe,  in  whom  we 
'  have  moft  Confidence/ 

This  laft  Letter  from  Chancellor  Hyde  muft 
have  been  wrote  after  the  General's  Meflage,  by  Sir 
John  Grenville^  had  been  delivered  to  the  King  ; 
and  yet  the  Beginning  of  it  implies  rather  a  Diffi- 
dence than  an  abfolute  Confidence  in  him.  The 
Parliament  was  not  yet  met,  and  what  the  General 
and  they  might  do  on  the  opening  it,  was  (till  un- 
certain ;  for  the  Chancellor,  in  a  former  Quota- 
tion, plainly  intimated,  that  he  did  not  like  fuch 
round-about  Proceedings,  the  Name  of  Parliament 
not  yet  founding  well  in  the  Ears  of  the  King,  or 
any  of  his  Party.  And,  if  the  General  had  not 
found,  by  many  AddreiTes  made  to  him  from  differ- 
ent Counties,  in  his  March  up  to  London,  that  the 
Hearts  of  the  People  were  changed  as  one  Man,  to 
recall  their  injured  Monarch,  'tis  probable  he  might 
have  played  a  different  Game,  and  fet  up  himfelf 
inftead  of  the  Lord's  Anointed.  But  Vox  Populi 
was  certainly,  at  this  Time,  Vox  Dei ;  though 
others  will  have  it,  that  this  wonderful  Change  was 
brought  about  by  common  Means  ;  that  thofe  very 
People  who  had  murdered  the  Father  and  baniihed 
his  Progeny,  fhould  join  fo  unanimoufly  to  recall 
them  again,  and  place  them  upon  the  Throne  ;  that 
this  Revolution  mould  be  rather  afcribed  to  the  late 
bad  Government  of  the  Republic ;  to  the  known 
Mutability  and  wavering  Temper  of  the  Englijh 
Nation,  who  are  never  long  pleafed  with  their  Ru- 
lers, be  they  ever  fo  juft  and  righteous  j  and  lailly, 
to  Monkis  Fears,  that  the  letting  up  himfelf  as  ano- 
ther Cromwell^  would  not  hold  ;  and  becaufe  he 
durft  not  be  the  firft,  make  fure  of  being  the  fecond 
Man  in  the  Kingdom  ;  fome  of  thefe  Opinions,  we 


328     Tie  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  II.  fay,  maybe  right;  but  we  {hall  not  trouble  our- 
1660.        felves  to  contradict  any  of  them.     But 

There  is  yet  another  Opinion  to  be  treated  of, 
which  prevails  amongft  our  Hiftorians,  and  many 
others,  That  the  Nation  was  fo  far  infatuated  with 
the  Return  of  their  King,  that  they  would  have  made 
him  abfolute,  had  not  his  natural  Indolence  prevented 
him  from  either  pufliing  for  it,  or  even  defiring  of 
it b.  Indeed,  the  many  and  various  Kinds  of  Miferies 
which  the  Nation  had  fuffered,  under  their  differ- 
ent Governors,  for  the  lafl  twelve  Years,  might 
make  them  rather  chufe  to  put  an  abfolute  Power 
into  the  Hands  of  one  of  the  Royal  Line,  than  be 
ruled,  as  they  had  been,  with  a  Rod  of  Iron,  by 
their  own  Fellow  Subjects.  The  Government  of 
thefe  Nations  had  been  tried,  in  various  Shapes, 
ever  fince  the  Death  of  the  late  King,  and  all  found 
unftable.  It  was  firft  thrown  into  a  Commonwealth ; 
under  Oliver >  a  defpotic  Tyranny  ;  under  Richard, 
nothing  at  all ;  and  under  the  Council  of  State,  a 
Heap  of  Changes  and  Confufions.  So  that  the 
People,  being  weary  of  thefe  Diftra&ions,  readily 
agreed  to  recall  their  lawful  Sovereign,  and  fubmit  to 
their  antient  Form  of  Government.  Notwithftand- 
ing  all  thefe  Sufferings,  to  mew  there  was  no  fuch 
Intention  in  the  People,  (if  we  may  allow  this  Con- 
vention to  be  the  true  Reprefentative  of  them)  to 
give  up  their  Liberties,  we  need  do  no  more 
than  refer  to  the  Titles  of  the  Bills,  which  they 
had  prepared  for  the  King  to  pafs  on  his  Arrival, 
and  which  were  all  made  Laws  foon  after  ;  except 
one,  For  taking  away  the  Courts  of  Wards  and  Li- 
veries, which  the  Commons  dropp'd  of  themfelves, 
as  bearing  too  hard  on  the  Royal  Prerogative.  So 
the  King  was  reftored  to  the  Exercife  of  his  Regal 
Power,  butted  and  bounded  in  the  fame  Manner  as 
his  Father  found  it,  at  his  Acceflion  to  the  Crown. 

To  conclude  this  Deviation  from  the  general 
Hiftory.  In  all  the  Kingdoms  and  Governments 


*  Bifliop  Barntt  fays  the  whole  Nation  was  drunk  and  mad  for 
three  Years  toother  after  it,  His  wn  Timer. 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      329 

upon  Earth  there  have  been  Revolutions,  though  we  An.  12.  Car.  II. 

believe  none  brought  about  without  fome  Bloodfhed,        l66o> 

as  this  before  us  was.     The  natural  Confequences    ^""TJ"'"""11^ 

of  Things,  when  once  they  deviate  from  the  Right, 

will,  at  laft,  revolve  into  their  priftine  State  again  : 

And,  as  a  Spanijh  Author,  tho'  a  Jefuit,  juftly  ob- 

ferves,    who,  fpeaking  of  Herefies  in  the  Church, 

fays,  Omnis  Herefis  cum  ad  Adtheifmum  dciapfa  eft^ 

per  Sapientem  Prophetam  in  Veritatis  Vianf  reduci- 

iur  :   Habent  enim  Hterefes  Periodos  fuos,  ad  Mo- 

dum  Rerum  publicarum  ;  ques  a  Regibus  in  Tyran- 

nidem,  a  Tyrannide  in  Statum  Optirnatium,    et  inde 

in  Oligarcbiam,  atque,  tandem,  in  Demotratiam  ;  ett 

in  Finet  rur/us,  in  Statum  REGIUM  revolvuntur.* 

But  now  to  return  to  our  Hiftory. 

After  all  the  formal  Greetings  and  Congratula- 
tions on  this  happy  Occafion  were  over,  both  Houfes 
went  upon  the  Bufmefs  of  the  Nation,  and  princi- 
pally to  regulate  all  th  ;fe  Matters  that  had  gone 
wrong  during  fo  long  an  Ufurpation. 


a  Thomas  Campar.ella  dc  Monarcbla  Hifp.  C.  30.  quoted  by  W~. 

in  a  Copper-Plate  Print  4/9.  of  this  Time,  in  our  Collection,  in- 
tituled, An  Account  of  the  many  Revolutions  in  the  eleven  Years  from 
the  Murder  of  the  Royal  Martyr  to  the  Re/ioraticn  of  the  Right  Heir, 
is  the  Representation  of  a  Snake  with  its  Tail  in  its  Mouth,  on  which 
is  engraved,  The  Old  Serpent,  or  Spirit  of  Rejtftance  j  within  the  Circle 
of  which  is, 

1.  Rump. 

2.  Oliver  and  bis  Officers,  April  20,   1653. 

3.  Council  of  State.     —      — —   30. 

4.  Barebone'j  Parliament,   July  4. 

5.  Oliver  and  his  Officers,  fccond  Time,  December  12. 

6.  Oliver  Protestor,  -     16. 

7.  Richard  Protetfor,  September  3,   1658. 

8.  Rump,  fecond  Time,  May  6,   1659. 

9.  Walhngford-Hotife  Junto  initbi  OAnW 
Lambert  and  Fieetwocd.  5 

10.  Council  of  Ten  Men,         — .  —          19. 

n.  Commit eee  of  Safety  •  a 6. 

14.  Rump,  tbirdTime,  December  26. 

13.  Secluded  Members  and  Rump,  February  21,  1659-60, 

14.  Council  of  State,  March  1 6. 

15.  Tbe  Devil  leaves  the  Roundheads  /'/£>'  Lurcb, 

Without  the  Circle. 
36.  Tbe  Re/lor  in  f  Parliament. 

330     Tfie  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  II.       May  30.  The  Earl  of  Manchejier  acquainted  the 
1660.        Houfe  of  Lords,  that  the  Dukes  of  York  and  Glou- 
v""""v"< """^    cefter  commanded  him  to  returnThanks  to  the  Houfe, 
ay>        for  their  Lordfliips  Civility  Yefterday  to  them  ;  and 
Parliamentary    to  %n'fy  their  Defire  to  come  and  fit  in  that  Houfe, 
Proceedings"."    as  Members,  and  that  Places  might  be  provided  for 
them.     Hereupon  a  Committee  of  Lords  was  ap- 
pointed to  attend  his  Majefty,  and  to  acquaint  him, 
That  there  being  no  Precedent  which  fhews  where 
their  proper  Places  are  in  the  Houfe,  they  defire  his 
Majefty  will  pleafe  to  confult  with  <uch  Perfons  as  he 
thinks  fit,  and  then  determine  on  the  Places  himfelf. 
Soon  after  the  Earl  of  Northumberland  reported, 
That  the  Lords  Committees  had   waited   on  his 
Majeft  ,   concerning  the  Seats  where  the  Dukes  of 
York  and  Gloucejhr  were  to  fit  in  Parliament,  and 
that  his  Majefty  faid,  He  conceived  that  the  Seat  on 
the  Right  Hand  of  the  State,  where  the  King  of  Scots 
antiently  ufed  to  fit,  will  be  of  no  more  Ufe,  now 
that  the  Title  is  included  in  his  Majefty ;   and  faid 
he  himfelf,  at  the  Parliament  at  Oxford,  fat  in  that 
Seat.     Therefore  he  defired  that  Place  might  be  re- 
ferved  for  a  Prince  of  Wales  ;  and  that  the  Seats  of 
the  Left  Hand  the  State  might  be  fitted  up  for  his 
Brothers  die  Dukes  of  York  and  Gloucejhr  ;  which 
the  Houfe  gave  Direction  for  accordingly. 

The  Commons  {hewed  or!  their  Loyalty  this 
Day,  by  oidering  a  Bill  to  be  prepared  and  brought 
in,  For  keeping  a  perpetual  Anniverfary,  as  a  Day 
of  Thankfgiving  to  God,  for  the  great  Bleffing  and 
Mercy  he  had  been  gracioufly  pleafed  to  vouchfafe 
to  the  People  of  r.>efe  Kingdoms,  after  their  manifold 
and  grievous  Sufferings,  in  the  Reftoration  of  his 
Majefty,  with  Safety,  to  his  People  and  Kingdoms. 
And  '.hat  the  Twenty-ninth  of  May,  in  every  Year, 
being  the  Birth  Day  of  his  Sacred  Majefty,  and  the 
Day  of  his  Majefty's  Return  to  his  Parliament, 
fhould  le  yearly  let  apart  for  that  Purpofe. 

'  Refolved  alfo,  That  the  Lords  be  defired  to  join 
with  this  Houfe,  in  beleeching  the  King's  Majefty 
to  appoint  a  Day,  to  be  fet  apart  for  public  Thankf- 
giving  to  God,  throughout  this  Realm,  for  the  great 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D,       331 

Bleffing  and  Mercy  God  hath  vouchfafed  to  theieAn.  12  Car.  II. 
Kingdoms,  in  the  happy  Reiteration  of  his  Majefty.' 

The  Commons  next  refolved  themfelves  into  a  U"Or"""""' 
grand  Committee,  to  confider  of  Ways  to  raife  Mo- 
ney; and,  after  fome  Time  fpent  therein,  they  agreed 
to  appoint  a  Sub -Committee,  and  that  no  Perfon 
fhould  have  a  Vote  in  it  that  had  received  any  public 
Money,  or  was  liable  to  be  brought  to  Account. 

The  Houfe  of  Lords  read  a  third  Time  an  AcT:  for 
Continuance  of  Procefs  in  all  judicial  Proceedings, 
pafled,  and  fent  it  down  to  the  Commons.  The  next 
Day  that  Houfe  fent  a  MeiTage  to  the  Lords,  defiring 
their  Concurrence  in  a  Petition  to  his  Majefty,  to 
give  Leave  that  a  folemn  Day  of  Thankfgiving 
ftiould  be  appointed,  to  give  Thanks  for  God's  great 
Mercy,  in  the  laft  great  Revolution  of  Affairs,  for 
bringing  his  Majefty  fafe  to  his  own  Dominions  ; 
which  was  read,  and  agreed  to  unanimoufly.  The 
Lords  alfo  ordered,  l  That  his  Majefty  be  moved 
that  he  would  be  pleafed  that  an  A&  may  be  pafled 
for  the  keeping  the  agth  of  May  as  an  Holy-Day 
and  Thanfgiving,  in  Commemoration  of  his  Maje- 
fty's  happy  Return  into  this  Kingdom,  and  the  Day 
of  his  Majefty's  Nativity.'  Their  Speaker,  the  Earl 
of  Manchefter*  to  prefent  it. 

The  Earl  of  Btrk/hire  acquainted  the  Houfe, 
That  he  was  commanded  by  his  Majefty  to  fignify 
his  Defire  to  this  Houfe,  that  thofe  who  were  cre- 
ated Peers  by  Patent,  by  his  late  Majefty  at  Oxford, 
fhould  fit  in  the  Houfe.  On  which  the  Lords  or- 
dered the  fame  Lord  to  attend  the  King,  and  ac- 
quaint him,  That  Matters  of  Honour  did  belong  to 
his  Majefty,  and  this  Houfe  did  acquiefce  in  his 
Pleafure.  And  agreed,  That  the  Order  formerly 
pafled,  for  excluding  any  Lords  made  at  Oxford, 
from  fitting  in  the  Houfe,  fhould  be  cancelled,  nul- 
led, and  made  void;  and  that  the  Lords  Sub-Com- 
mittees for  Privileges,  &c.  fhould  fee  this  done  and^ 
executed  accordingly.  Alfo,  that  the  faid  Lords 
fhould  meet  to  confider  of  placing  the  Seats  and 
P'orms  of  the  Houfe,  for  making  more  Room  for 
the  Peers.  —  And  now,  at  this  Period,  we  think  it 


332     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  I*.  Car.  II. proper  to  introduce  a  Lift,  or  Catalogue,  of  the 
^J^^^  Peers  of  England,  as  they  fat  in  this  Convention 
Ma          Parliament,  according  to  their  Precedence  and  Su- 
periority, from  a  printed  Lift  of  that  Time. 
DUKES         EARLS. 
Of  the   Blood  Royal.       The  firft  three  take  Place 
James  Duke  of  York  and         ln  refPe&  of  their  Of- 
Albany^    Lord     High 
Admiral  of  England. 
Rupert  Duke  of  Cumber- 

A  Lift  of  the 
Peers  of  Parlia 

Thefe  two  take  Place  in 

refpect  of  their  Offices. 

Edward  Earl  of  Claren- 
don^ Lord  Chancellor 
of  England. 

Thomas  Earl  of  South- 
ampton, Lord  Treafu- 
rer  of  England. 


Thomas  Howard,  Duke 

of  Norfolk. 
William  Seymour,   Duke 

of  Somerset. 
George  Vi  iliers,  Duke  of 

Charles  Stuart,  Duke  of 

George  Monke,  Duke  of 


MAR  QJJ  I  S  S  E  S. 


Montagu  Bertie,  Earl  of 
Lindfay,  Lord  High 
Chamberlain  of  Eng- 

James  Butler,  Earl  of 
Brecknock,  Lord  Stew- 
ard of  his  Majefty's 

Edward  Montagu,  Earl 
of  Manchejler,  Lord 
Chamberlain  of  his 
Majefty's  Houfhold. 

Auberry  Fere,  Earl  of  Ox- 

Algernon  Percy,  Earl  of 

Francis  Talbot,  Earl  of 

Grey,  Earl  of  Kent. 

Infra  Mtat. . 

Charles  Stanley,  Earl  of 

John  Manners,  Earl  of 

Ha/iings,  Earl  of 

Huntingdon.  Inf.  Mt. 

John  Paulet,  Marquis  of    Thomas  Wriothjlcy,  Earl 


Edward  Somerfet,  Mar- 
quis of  Worcejler. 

jyilliam  Cavendijh,  Mar- 
quis of  Newcajlle. 

Henry  Pierepoint,  Mar- 
quis of  Dorchejhr. 

of  Sottthfi?nptcn. 
William  Ru/el,  Earl  of 

Philip  Herbert,  Earl  of 

Pembroke  and   Mont- 

'«  Cm/,  Earl  of Exeter. 

Of   E  N  G 

Theophilus  Clinton,  Earl 

of  Lincoln. 
Charles  Howard,  Earl  of 

James  Howard,  Earl  of 

Richard  Sackville,   Earl 

of  Dorfet. 
William  Cecil,    Earl   of 

John  Egerton,    Earl  of 

Robert  Sydney,    Earl   of 

James  Compton,  Earl  of 

Charles    Rich,    Earl    of 

William  Cavendi/h,  Earl 

of  Devon. 
Eafil  Fielding,   Earl  of 

George   Digby,   Earl   of 

Lionel  Cranfield,  Earl  of 


Henry  Rich,  Ezrl  of  Hol- 

JohnHolIis9Ezr\  of  Clare. 
Oliver  St.  John,  Earl  of 

Mildmay  Fane,    Earl  of 

Edward  Montagu,  Earl 

of  Manchejler. 
Thomas  Howard,  Earl  of 

Thomas  Wentworth,  Earl 

of  Cleveland. 
Edward  Sheffield,  Earl  of 



LAND.      333 

Henry    Carey,    Earl    of  An,  iz.  Car.  H. 

Monmouth.  l66°' 

James   Leigh,    Earl    of 

Tho.  Savage,  Earl  Rivers. 
Nicholas  Knollis,  Earl  of 


Henry  Carey,  Earl  of  Do- 
Henry  Mordaunt,  Earl  of 

Henry    Gray,    Earl    of 

Heneage  Finch,  Earl  of 

Charles  Dormer,  Earl  of 

Mountjoy  Blunt,   Earl  of 

Philip  Stanhope,  Earl  of 

John    Tufton,    Earl    of 

Jerome  Wejlon,  Earl  of 

William  Wentworth,  Earl 

of  Stratford. 
Robert  Spencer,  Earl  of 

James   Savile,    Earl   of 

George  Goring,   Earl  of 

Nicholas  Leak,   Earl  of 

Scarf  dale. 
Wtlmot,  Earl  of 

RochrJIer.    Inf.  Mtat. 
Henry  Germain,  Earl  of 

St.  Albans. 
Edward  Montagu,  Earl 

of  Sandwich. 

334     *&*  Parliamentary  His  TOR  r 



An.  12.  Car.  II.  "James   Butler  ;    Earl   of 

Edward  Hyde,  Earl   of 

Arthur   Capel,    Earl   of 

Thomas  Brudenell,   Earl 

of  Cardigan. 
Arthur  Annejley,  Earl  of 

John  Grenvllle,  Earl  of 

Charles  Howard,  Earl  of 



Leicejler  Devereux^  Vif- 

count  Hereford. 
Francis  Brown,  Vifcount 

William  Fiennes,  Vifcount 

Say  and  Sele. 
Edw.  Conway,  Vifcount 

IZaptijl   Noel,    Vifcount 

William   Howard,   Vif- 

count Stafford. 
Thomas  Bellajis,  Vifcount 


Mor  daunt. 

John  Nevil>  Lord  Aber- 

James     Toucbet,     Lord 

Charles  Wejl^  Lord  De- 

George    Berkley,      Lord 


Thomas    Parker,     Lord 

Mor  ley    and    Mount- 

Francis  Leonard,    Lord 

D  acres. 
Conyers    D'Arcy,    Lord 

William  Stourton,  Lord 

William  Lord  Sandys  de 

la  Vine. 

Edw.  Vaux,  Lord  Vaux. 
Thomas   Windjor,    Lord 

Thomas  (f^entworth^  Lord 

Wingfield  Cromwell,  Lord 


George  Eure,  Lord  Eure. 
Philip    Wharton,     Lord 

Francis  Willoughby,  Lord 

Willougkby  of  Par  bam. 
Will.  Paget,  Lord  Paget. 
Dudley  North,  Lord 

William    Bruges,    Lord 

John  Carey,  Lord  Hunf- 

William    Peters, 

Dutton   Gerrard, 

Charles    Stanhope, 

Henry    Arundel, 

Arundel,  o 
Chrijlopher  Roper,  Lord 

Foulke      Grevil,      Lord 




Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       335 

Edward  Montagu,  Lord  Richard  Vaughan, 

Montagu,   of  Bough-         Vaughan. 

ton.  Charles  Smith,  Lord 
Charles  Lord  Howard,  of        rington. 

Charleton.  William       Widdrington, 
William  Grey,  Lord  GVvy,         Lord  Widdrington. 

oiWerk.  Humble     Ward,     Lord 
y<?/;«  Roberts,  Lord  22  0-         /Ffln/. 

^r/j.  Thomas  Lord  Colepeper. 

William   Craven,    Lord  ^w<:  ^/?/^y,    Lord  y^?- 

Craven.  ley. 

John  Lovelace p,Lord  Love-  Richard     Boyle,      Lord 

lace.  Clifford. 

John  Paulet,  Lord  Paulet  John  Lucas,   Lord  Lu- 
fFilliam  Maynard,  Lord         cas. 

Maynard.  'John  Bellafis,  Lord  Bel- 
Thomas  Coventry,   Lord         lafis. 

Coventry.  Lewis     Watfon,      Lord 
Edward  Lord  Howard,         Rockingham. 

of  EJkricke.  Charles    Gerrard,    Lord 
Warwick  Mohun,   Lord          Gerrard,  of  Brandon. 

Mohun.  Robert  Lord  Sutton,  of 
William    Botelar,    Lord         Lexington. 

Botelar.  Charles  Kirkhoven,  Lord 
P^Tvy     Herbert,     Lord         Wooton* 

Powis.  Marmaduke      Langdale, 
Ed.  Herbert,  Lord  /&r-         Lord  Langdale. 

bert,  of  Cher  bury.  William    Crofts,     Lord 
Francis   Seymour,    Lord         Crofts. 

Seymour.  J°hn      Berkley,       Lord 
Thomas     Bruce,      Lord         Berkley. 

Bruce.  Denzil      Holies,      Lord 
Francis  Newport,  Lord         Holies,  of  Eyfield. 

Newport.  Frederick        Cornwallis, 
Tho.  Leigh,  Lord  Leigh,         Lord  Cornwallis. 

of  Stone-Leigh.  George  Booth,  Lord  Z)^- 
ChriJlopherHatton,  Lord         lamer e. 

Hatton.  Horatio  Townjhend,  Lord 
Henry    Hajlings,     Lord         Townjhend. 

Loughborough.  Anthony    AJhley    Cooper, 
Richard     Byron,     Lord         Lord  AJhley. 

Byrtn.  John  Crewe,  Lord  Crewe. 


336     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  i*.  Car.  1 1.      The  Addrefs  to  the  King  from  the  Commons, 
1660.        and  afterwards  agreed  to  by  the  Lords,  for  a  Day 
v— • -v— — '    of  Thankfgiving,    is  entered   at  the  End  of  this 
June.        J)ay's  Proceedings  in  thefe  Words  : 

To  the  King's  Mojl  Excellent  Majejtyt  &c. 

Humbly  fiewetb, 

A  Petition  of    '  rT^  HAT  fuch  is  the  ineftimable  Bleffing  of 
Parliament  for  a  c  your  Majefty's  Reftoration  to  your  Royal 

Thank&iving,    <  Throne,   which  at  once  hath  put  a  Period  to  the 

*  Calamities  of  Three  Kingdoms,  and  to  all  the  Sor- 
'  rows  and  Sufferings  of  your  Royal  Perfon  and  Fa- 
'  mily,  that  we  cannot  but  account  it  as  an  Inftance 
'  into  that  State  of  Joy  and  Happinefs,  which  obli- 

*  geth  all  your  Subjects   to   render  an  everlafting 
'  Tribute  of  Praife  and  Thankfgiving  to  Almighty 
'  God,  for  thofe  glorious  Mercies  which  he  hath 
'  vouchfaied  to  his  afflicted  People. 

4  And  to  the  end  that  fome  folemn  Time  may  be 

*  fet  apart,  for  the  public  Performance  of  this  Duty, 
'  and  that  all  your  Majefty's  Subjects,  in  England 

*  and  in  f^ales^  and  the  Town  of  Berwick  upon 

*  Tweed,  who  equally  fhare  in  the  Joy  of  this  Deli- 
'  verance,  may  be  united  in  thefe  Devotions  which 

*  are  offered  for   it,  we  therefore  humbly  befeech 

*  your  Majefty,   that  you.  will  be  pleafed,  by  your 
'  Royal  Proclamation,  to  fet  apart  fome  fuch  Day, 

*  for  a  public  Thankfgiving,  throughout  all  thefe 

*  your  Majefty's  Dominions,  as  to  your  Majefty's 
'  great  Wifdom  (hall  feem  meet.' 

June  i.   This  Day  the  King  came  to  the  Houfe 
of  Lords  for  the  firft  Time,  and,  fending  for  the 
3;heKing  comes  Commons,  his  Majefty  made  a  fhort  Speech  to  both 
t«  the  Houfe.     Houfes,  and  then  commanded  the  Lord  Chancellor 
to  deliver  his  Mind  further  to  them,  which  he  ac- 
cordingly did,  lay  the  Juutnals,  in  a  very  large  one; 
but  neither  of  them  are  entered  in  thofe  Authorities. 
Nor  have  we  met  with  them,  at  Length,  elfewhere; 
there  is  only  a  fhort  Abftracl:  of  the  Chancellor's 
Speech  piefervtu  in  iiiftory,  which  he  made  after 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       337 

the  King  had  given  his  Royal  Aflent  to  thefe  threeAn.  n.  Car.  If, 
Bills,  «5. 

An  Ad  for  preventing  and  removing  all  Queftions 
and  Difputes,  concerning  the  AfTembling  and  Sit- 
ting of  this  prefent  Parliament. 

An  Act  for  putting  in  Execution  an  Ordinance 
mentioned  in  the  faid  A&. 

An  AcT:  for  Continuance  of  Procefs,  and  all  judi- 
cial Proceedings. 

After  which  the  Lord  Chancellor  told  both  Houfes, 
*  With  how  much  Readinefs  his  Majefty  had  patted 
thefe  important  A&s,  and  how  willing  they  fhould 
at  all  Times  hereafter  find  him,  to  pafs  any  other 
that  might  tend  to  the  Advantage  and  Benefit  of  the. 
People;  in  a  particular  Manner  defiring,  in  his  Ma- 
jefty's  Behalf,  That  the  Bill  of  Oblivion,  in  which 
they  had  made  fo  good  a  Progrefs,  might  be  expe- 
dited :  That  the  People  might  lee  and  know  his  Ma- 
jefty's  extraordinary  gracious  Care  to  eafe  and  free 
them  from  their  Doubts  and  Fears ;  and  that  he 
had  not  forgotten  his  gracious  Declaration  made  at 
Breda,  but  that  he  would  in  all  Points  make  goocj 
the  fame.' 

June  2.  The  Houfe  of  Commons,  after  preparing 
and  paffing  the  aforefaid  Bills,  fell  upon  debating  art 
A61  for  a  general  Pardon,  Oblivion,  and  Indemnity, 
in  which  were  many  Claufes  and  Exceptions :  And 
the  Queftion  being  put,  That  all  Receivers,  Col- 
lectors, &c.  of  the  public  Revenues  of  the  King- 
dom, be  only  accountable  from  the  Year  1648,  it 
pafl*ed  in  the  Negative,  165  to  1505  fo  they  were 
accountable  from  the  Year  16451.  The  Tellers  in, 
this  Divifion  were  Mr.  Holies  and  Sir  John  Hol- 
land for  the  Yeas ;  and  Lord  Falkland  and  Sir  Ri- 
chard Temple  againft  it.  A  Majority  fo  fmall  {hews 
that  this  Affair  muft  have  been  warmly  debated,  and 
that  there  were  many  in  the  Houfe  who  had  been, 
concerned  in  thefe  public  Accounts,  who  were 
afraid  of  fuch  a  Scrutiny. 

The  fame  Day  the  Houfe  refolved,  «  That  the 
Gentlemen,  the  Members  of  this  Houfe,  who  wera 

Voj:,  XXII,  V  tat 

338     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

m.  la  Car.ll.fent  to  his. Majefty  with  a  Letter  from  this  Houfe, 

1660.         have  the  Thanks  of  this  Houfe,  for  their  eminent 

^— v— • — '     Service  performed  in  that  Employment.     Accord- 

June'        ingly  the  Speaker  faid, 

Thanks  retum'd  ' -Gentlemen ',  I  fhall  not  need  to  tell  you  what 
by  the  Speaker  Notice  the  Houfe  hath  taken  of  the  eminent  Service 
ftnuo  thT Kin"  y°u  have  Perrormed  in  your.late  Employment  to  his 
ng'  Majefty  ;  you  have  brought  Home  the  Ark,  the 
Glory  of  England^  his  Majefty's  Perfon,  in  Safety ; 
and  truly,  if  ever  a  Service  deferved  to  be  called  a 
Service  of  ever-blefled  Memory,  this  is  fuch  a  Ser- 
vice :  Therefore  the  Houfe  hath  commanded  this 
Service  to  be  finglcd  out  from  all  your  former  emi- 
nent and  worthy  Services,  and  to  do  it  per  Excel- 
lentiam,  as  much  exceeding  all  that  ever  hath  been 
done  before  for  this  Nation.  And  fince  the  Merit 
thereof  is  fuch,  that  no  Thanks  can  be  proportiona- 
ble thereunto,  but  the  Thanks  of  this  Houfe,  I  am 
therefore  commanded,  in  the  Name  of  this  Houfe, 
and  of  all  thofe  they  reprefent,  the  Commons  of 
England^  to  return  you  their  very  hearty  Thanks.' 

At  the  fame  Time  Mr.  Holies  inforrri'd  the  Houfe, 
That  he  having  been  fent,  with  the  other  worthy 
Members,  to  the  King,  fome  Afperfions  had  been 
caft  upon  him,  as  if  he  had,  in  his  Speech  to  the 
King,  tranfgrelTed  the  Inftructions  given  him  by  the 
Houfe :  On  which  the  Houfe  ordered,  *  That  he 
fhould  have  Leave  to  print  the  Speech  he  made  to 
his  Majefty,  as  aJfo  the  King's  Anfwer  to  it,  for 
which  he  had  the  King's  Leave,  as  well  as  the  In- 
ftruclions  of  the  Houfe,  for  his  own  Vindication. 

The  Lords  were  bufy  in  fending  out  their  Or- 
ders to  ftcp  the  felling  of. Timber,  and  other  De- 
predations in  the  King's  Parks,  Forefts,  &c.  in 
which,  and  feveral  other  Eftates  belonging  to  fe- 
veral  Peers  and  other  Loyahfts,  great  Havock  had 
been  made,  and  was  ftill  carrying  on. 

June  4.  This  Day  the  Commons  fent  up  Mr. 
Prynne,  and  others,  to  the  Lords,  to  defire  their 
Concurrence  in  fending  to  his  Majefty,  to  defire 
hjm  to  iffue  out  his  Proclamation,  againft  thofe  that 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       339 

had  a  Hand  in  the  horrid  Murder  of  his  late  Majefty.  An.  12.  Car.  II, 
The  Lords  agreed  to  this,  and  the  King  confentir.g,    ^J      ' 
the  Proclamation  was  publiftied,  the  Form  of  which    ^^~"J 
was  in  thefe  Words  : 

CHARLES,  by  the  Grace  of  God,  cf  England, 
Scotland,  France,  and  Ireland,  King,  Defender 
of  the  Faith,  &c. 
To  all  our  loving  Subjeffs  of  England,  Scotland,  and 

Ireland,  Greeting, 

'  T  T  TE  take  Notice,  by  the  Information  of  our  A  Proclamation 
'     V  V      Lords  and  Commons,  now  affembled  inagainft  the  late 
«  Parliament,  of  the  moft  horrid  and  execrable  Mur-  IJjnj 
'  der  and  Treafcn  committed  upon  the  Perfon,  and     ' 
'  againft  the  Life,  Crown,  and  Dignity,  ot  our  late 
«  Royal  Father  Charles  the  Firft,  of  blefied  Me- 
'  mory ;  and   that   John  Lijle,  William  Say,  Efq; 
'  Sir  Hardrefs  Waller,  Valentine  Wanton,   Edward 
«  Whaley,   Efq;   Sir  John  Bourchier,  Knt.  William 
'  Haveningham,  Efq;   Ifaac  Pennington,   Alderman 
4  of  London,  Henry  Marten,  John  Barkftead,  Gilbert 

*  Millington,    Edmund  Ludlow,    John  Hutchinfon, 
(  Efq;  Sir  Michael  Livefay,  Bart,  Robert  Tichborne, 
'  Owen  Roe,  Robert  Lilburne,   Adrian  Scrope,  John 
'  Okey,    John    Heivfon,    William    Goffe,    Cornelius 

*  Holland,  John  Carew,  Miles  Corbett,  Henry  Smith, 
'  Thomas  frogan,    Edmund  Harvey,   Thomas  Scott, 
'  William   Cawley,    John    Downe,   Nicholas  Love, 

*  Vincent  Potter,  Auguftin  Garland,  John  Dixwell, 
c  George   Fleetwood,   Simon  Mayne,   James  Temple, 

*  PeterTemple,  Daniel Blagrave,  and  Thomas  Wayte, 

*  Efqrs.  being  deeply  guilty  of  that  moft  deteftable 
'  and  bloody  Treafon,    in  fitting  upon,    and  giving 
'  Judgment  againft,  the  Life  of  our  Royal  Father  ; 

*  and  alfo  John  Cooke,  who  was  employed  therein  as 
6  a  Sollicitor,  Andrew  Broughton  and  John  Phelpes, 
'  who  were  employed  under  the    faid   Perfons   as 

*  Clerks,  and  Edward  Dendy,    who  attended  them 

*  as  Serjeant  at  Arms,  have,  out  of  the  Senfe  of  their 
6  own  Guilt,  lately  fled  and  obfcured   themfelves, 
4  whereby  they  cannot  be  apprehended  and  brought 

*  to  a  perfonal  and  legal  Trial,  for  their  faid  Trea- 

Y  ?.  fon, 

34-O     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.iz.Car.Il.    fon,   according  to  Law:    We  do  therefore,  by 
1660.  the  Advice  of  our  faid    Lords   and  Commons, 

command,  pubiifli,  and  declare,  by  this  our  Pro- 
clamation, That  all  and  every  the  Perfons  before 
named,  (hall,  within  fourteen  Days  next  after  the 
publifhing  of  this  our  Royal  Proclamation,  per- 
fonally  appear  and  render  themfelves  to  the  Speaker 
or  Speakers  of  our  Houfe  of  Peers  and  Commons, 
or  unto  the  Lord  Mayor  of  our  City  of  London^  or 
to  the  Sheriffs  of  our  refpective  Counties  of  Eng- 
land and  IJfales^  under  the  Pain  of  being  excepted 
from  any  Pardon  or  Indemnity,  both  for  their  re- 
fpe&ive  Lives  and  Eftates  :  And  that  no  Perfon  or 
Perfons  (hall  prefume  to  harbour  or  conceal  any  of 
the  Perfons  aforeiaid,  under  Pain  of  Mifprifion  of 
High  Treafon' 

The  Lords  alfo  ordered,  That  the  Chancellors  of 
both  the  Univerfities  fliould  take  Care,  that  the  fe- 
veral  Colleges  in  the  fame  fhould  be  governed  ac- 
cording to  their  refpedive  Statutes  j  and  that  fuch 
Perfons,  who  have  been  unjuftly  put  out  of  their 
Headships,  Fellowfhips,  and  other  Offices,  relating 
to  the  feveral  Colleges,  or  Univerfities,  may  be  re- 
itored  according  to  the  faid  Statutes  of  Univerfities, 
ana  Founders  of  Colleges  therein. 

The  Commons  were  bufy  moft  of  this  Day  in 
taking  the  Oaths  to  the  new  Government,  or  ra- 
ther to  the  old  one  re-eftablifhed.  The  Right  Ho- 
nourable jfamesi  Marquis  and  Earl  ofOrmond,  Lord- 
Lieutenant  of  Ireland,  and  Lord  Steward  of  his  Ma- 
jefly's  Houfhold,  came  into  the  Lobby  at  the  Door  of 
the  Houfe  of  Commons,  where  a  Table  being  fet, 
and  a  Chair  prepared,  being  attended  by  the  Clerk 
of  the  Crown,  and  the  Clerk  of  the  Commons 
Houfe,  with  the  Rolls  of  fuch  Members  as  were  re- 
turned to  ferve  in  this  Parliament,  his  LordfJhip  gave 
the  Oaths  of  Supremacy  and  Allegiance  to  ieveral 
Members,  who  he  had  by  his  Commiffion  deputed 
to  adminifter  the  fame  to  other  Members  in  his 
Abfence ;  and  accordingly  the  following  Members 
were  called  out  of  the  Houfe  and  fworn,  and  ap- 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       341 

pointed  for  that  Office  :  Arthur  AnneJJey,  Efq;  Den- An.  12.  C»r.ll. 

zil  Holies,   Efq;    Sir  Anthony  AJhley  Cooper,  Bart. 

Sir  Gilbert  Gerrard,  Bart.  Sir  William  Waller,  Knt. 

Sir  Anthony  Irby,  Knt.    Sir  Richard  Brown,  Knt. 

Sir  William  Morris,  Knt.   Principal   Secretary  of 

State,  Sir  y<?/6;z  Holland,  Bart.    Sir  William  Lewis,, 

Knt.    Sir  /SH»/ter  £r/?,  Knt.    Sir   £WA?  AW;, 

Knight  of  the  jBtfM,  Heneage  Finch,  Efq;  William 

Prynne,    Efq;     Richard   Knightley,    Efq;     Thomas 

Hatcher,  Efq;  7^'  Charhton,  Efq;  Edward  Turner •, 

Efq;  Edward  King,  Efq;  and  Sa?nuel  Jones,  Efq; 

The  FORM  of  the  OATH  of  SUPREMACY. 

/A.  B.  </0  utterly  teftify  and  declare  in  my  Cqnfci-  Form  of  the 
*»«,  Tftrf/  »«r  Sovereign  Lord  King  Charles  ffo  Oaths  to  hew- 
Second  is  the  only  Supreme  Governor  of  this  Realm,  M* 
ffW  (?/"  «//  e/^?r  7;:V  Majejlfs  Dominions  and  Coun- 
tries^ as  well  in  all  Spiritual  or  Ecclefiaftical  Things, 
or  CaufeS)  as  Temporal ;  and  that  no  foreign  Prince, 
Perfon,  Prelate,  State,  or  Potentate,  hath,  or  ought 
to  have,  any  Jurifdiftiw,  Po^ver,  Superiority,  Pre- 
heminence,  or  Authority,  Ecclefiajlical  or  Spiritual, 
within  this  Realm  :  And  therefore  I  do  utterly  re- 
nounce and  forjake  all  foreign  "Jurifdittions^  Powers, 
Superiorities,  and  Authorities  ;  and  do  promife,  that 
from  henceforth  I  /hall  bear  Faith  and  true  Allegiance 
to  the  King's  Majefty,  his  Heirs  and  lawful  Succef- 
fors  ;  and,  to  my  Power,  Jhall  ajjijl  and  defend  all 
Jurifdiffions,  Privileges,  Pre-eminences,  and  Au- 
thorities, granted  or  belonging  to  the  King's  Majejly, 
his  Heirs  and  SucceJJors  ;  or  united  and  annexed  to 
the  Imperial  Crown  of  this  Realm  :  So  help  me  Godt 
and  by  the  Contents  of  this  Book* 

The  FORM  of  the  OATH  of  ALLEGIANCE. 
T  A.  B.  do  truly  and  fencerely  acknowledge,  profefs* 
•*•    tcftify,  and  declare,  in  my  Cvnfcience,   before  God 
and  the  World,  That  our  Sovereign  Lord  King  Charles 
the  Second  is  lawful  and  rightful  King  of  this  Realm, 
and  i/fall  other  his  Majefty  s  Dominions  and  Countries ; 
and  that  the  Pope,  neither  of  himfelf,  nor  by  any  Au- 
thority of  the  Church  or  See  of  Rome,  or  by  any  other 
Y3  Me 

If  a  n  s. 

34*     fflf  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An*  is.  Car.  II.  Means,  with  any  other,  hath  any  Power  or  Authtri- 
1660.  ty  to  depofe  the  King,  or  to  difpofe  of  any  of  bis  Maje- 
ti_<  —  \t~-  _J  fly's  Kingdoms  or  Dominions*  or  to  authorize  any  foreign 
Prince  to  invade  or  annoy  him,  or  his  Countries  ;  or 
to  discharge  any  of  his  Maje fly's  Subjects  of  their  Al*- 
legiance  and  Obedience  to  his  Majejly  \  or  to  give  Li- 
cence or  Leave  to  any  of  them  to  bear  Arms,  raife  Tu- 
mults, or  to  offer  any  Violence  or  Hurt  to  bis  Majejlfs 
Royal  Perfon,  State,  cr  Government,  or  to  any  of  his 
Majeftys  Subjects,  within  his  Majejlys  Dominions. 

Alfo  1  do  jwear  from  my  Heart,  That,  nctwith- 
ftanding  any  Declaration,  or  Sentence  of  Excommuni- 
cation or  Deprivation,  made  or  granted,  or  to  be 
)nade  or  granted,  by  the  Pope,  or  his  Succejjbrs,  or  by 
any  Authority  derived,  or  pretended  to  be  derived, 
from  him,  or  his  See,  againjl  the  faid  King,  hi*  Heirs 
or  Succejfors,  or  any  Abjolution  of  the  jaid  Subjects 
from  their  Obedience,  1  will  bear  Faith  and  true  Al- 
legiance to  his  Majefty,  his  Heirs  and  Succejjbrs  ; 
and  him  and  them  will  defend,  to  the  uttermo/t  of  my 
Power^  againjl  all  Conspiracies  and  Attempts  what- 
fee-ver,  which  Jhall  be  made  again/}  his  or  their  Per- 
fonsi  their  Crown  and  Dignity,  by  Reafon  or  Colour 
of  any  fuch  Sentence  or  Declaration,  or  .  other-wife  ; 
and  will  do  my  befi  Endeavour  to  difclofe  and  make 
known  unto  his  Majejly,  his  Heirs  and  Succejfors^  all 
Treafons,  and  traiterous  Conspiracies^  which  I  Jhall 
know,  or  hear  of,  to  be  againjl  him,  or  any  of  them. 

And  1  do  further  fwear,  That  I  do,  from  my  Heart, 
abhor,  deteji,  end  abjure,  as  impious  and  heretical, 
this  damnable  Doftrine  and  Pofttion,  That  Princes^ 
which  be  excommunicated  or  deprived  by  the  Pope,  may 
le  depofed  or  murdered  by  their  Sub/efts,  or  any  other 
whatfoever.  And  I  do  believe,  and  in  Confcience  am 
refolved,  that  neither  the  Pope,  nor  any  Perfon  what- 
foever,  hath  Power  to  a'ofolve  me  of  this  Oath,  or  any 
Part  thereof-,  which  1  acknowledge,  by  good  and  full 
Authority,  to  le  lawfully  minijlered  unto  me  ;  and  do 
renounce  all  Pardons  and  Dijpenfations  to  the  contrary: 
And  all  thefe  Things  I  do  plainly  andfincerely  acknow- 
ledge and  fwear,  according  to  thefe  exprefs  Words  by 
ine  fpoken^  and  according  to  the  plain  and  common 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       343 

Senfe  and  Under/landing  of  the  fame  Words,  without  An.  ^^.  Car.  II. 
any  Equivocation,  or  mental  Eva/ion,  or  fecret  Re-        l66°' 
fervation  whatfoever  :    And  1  do  make  this  Recogni-    *""  "V—  -^ 
tion  and  dcknoivledgment  heartily  ,  willingly  ,  fl/z  J  /r«fy, 
<?  ?r#?  jFtf/Y/&  <?/  «  Cbriftian  :  So  help  me  God. 

June  5.  The  Houfe  of  Commons  were  ftill  bufy 
in  carrying  on  the  Act  of  Indemnity  and  general 
Pardon,  and  this  Day  it  was  propofed  to  except  feven 
Perfons  for  Life  and  Eftate.  being  likewife 
propofed,  That  they  ihould  be  then  named,  Thomas 
Harrifon,  William  Say,  "John  "Jones,  Thomas  Scott, 
Cornelius  Holland,  John  Lijle,  and  "John  Bark/lead,  ' 
were  feverally  named,  and  agreed  to  for  that  Purpofe. 

June  6.  The  Commons  had  voted  a  Prefent  of 
10,000  /.  to  be  made  to  the  Duke  of  York,  and  this 
Day  they  received  a  Letter  of  Thanks  from  his 
Highnefs  for  it,"with  which  that  Houfe  was  fo  plea- 
fed,  that  they  ordered  the  Lord-General  to  ftgnify 
to  his  Highnefs  the  grateful  Senfe  they  had  of  his  af- 
fectionate Letter  to  them,  and  the'  Letter  to  be  en- 

tered in  their  JeurvalL  viz,  ' 

•f        :    .  .  -:.3rr?  .     1'rj  :-»c  no"?  ^T-  M  i  ,'y;j 

Mr.  Speaker,  '        '     FPbttfhall,  June  5,  1660. 

IDefire  you  to  aflure  the  Houfe  of  Cpmmons>Duke  of  fork'* 
that  1  have  a  great  Senfe  of  the  many  Demon-  Letter  of  Thanks 

...  r    i     •      A/T  o-  i  11        to  the  Commons. 

ftrations  of  their  Aixecrion  towards  me  ;  and  that, 

tho'  the  Neceflities  of  many  Years  had  prepared 
me  to  give  a  welcome  Reception  to  the  I'refent  I 
lately  received  from  them,  yet  nothing  did  fo 
much  recommend  it  to  m'e,  as  that  it  was  an  Ar- 
gument of  the  Affeclion  of  that  Houfe,  to  which  I 
{hall  always  ftudy  to  make  fuch  Returns  as  be- 

Tour  mvjl  ajfe&ionate  Friend, 


The  King  had  published  a  Declaration  under  his 
Sign  Manual  and  Privy  Signet,  dated  Breda,  dprit'^ 
O.  S.  of  a  fiee  and  general  Pardon,  with  Refer- 
vatjon  to  except  fuch  Perfons  as  {hal!  be  exceptpij 


344    e^}e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Aft,  ii.  Car.  II. by  this  prefent  Parliament,  in  an  Act  of  general 
Pardon  and  Oblivion.  Both  Houfes  thought  pro- 
per,  at  this  Time,  to  claim  it  for  themfelves  ;  and 
thereupon  they  prepared  Votes  and  Refolutions  to 
be  feverally  laid  before  his  Majefty  for  that  Purpofe. 

June  8.  The  King  having  appointed  this  Day  to 
be  waited  on,  the  feveral  Speakers,  attended  by  their 
whole  Houfe,  went  up  to  lay  Claim  to  this  Pardon  ; 
and  humbly  to  defire  his  Majefty,  That  it  might  be 
as  effectual  to  all  his  Subjects  in  particular,  (except 
as  before  excep:ed)  as  if  every  of  them  had  at  any 
Time,  fince  the  firft  of  May  laft,  perfonally  laid 
hold  of  his  Majefty 's  Grace  and  Pardon,  and  by 
public  Act  declared  their  fo  doing.  And  that  his 
Majefty  Would  be  gracioufly  pleafed  to  declare  his 
Acceptance  thereof,  and,  by  his  Royal  Proclama- 
tion, to  aflure  the  Hearts  of  his  Subjects  of  the 
fame.^The  King  exprefTed  his  Readinefs  and  Wil- 
lingnefs  to  fatisfy  all  the  Particulars,  offered  in  his 
Declaration,  both  concerning  the  two  Houfes  and 
all  other  Perfons. 

The  Commons  proceeded  the  fame  Day  to  ex- 
cept more  Perfons  out  of  their  Adi:  of  Pardon,  when 
yohn  Cooke,  Andrew  Brougbton,  and  Edward  Dendy^ 
Sollickers  and  Agents  at  the  late  King's  Trial,  were 
excepted  both  as  to  Life  and  Eftates.  And  having 
examined  fome  Witnefles,  touching  the  Perfon  who 
executed  the  late  King,  they  refolved,  That  thofe 
two  Perfons,  who  were  upon  the  Scaffold  in  Dif- 
guife,  when  the  deteftable  and  traiterous  Sentence 
upon  the  late  King  was  executed,  be  excepted  out 
of  the  general  Act  of  Pardon  for  Life  and  Eftate. 

A  Letter  from  Prince  Henry,  returning  Thanks  to 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  for  the  Prefent  of  Money 
they  made  him  d,  on  his  coming  over,  was  received 
and  read  ;  the  Contents  of  which  were  as  follow : 

Mr.  Speaker,  June  5,  i66cn 

wj,  to  '  TAm  fo  fenfible  of  the  good  Affections  exprefied 
the  fame.          '  J^  to  me  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  in  the  late 

'  Supply 

«"  Five  Thouftnd  Pounds. 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      345 

*  Supply  of  Money,  which  they  fent  me  into  Hal-  An.  n.  Car.  II, 

*  land,  that  I  think  myfelf  obliged  to  intreat  you  to        l66°- 

*  give  them  Thanks  for  it  in  my  Name  ;  and  to  allure    '-  7^""* 
'  them,  that  tho'  my  Condition  abroad  was  fuch  as 

'  made  that  Afliftance  very  feafonable,  yet  it  was 
'  not  fo  welcome  to  me,  out  of  that  Confideration» 

*  as  becaufe  it  was  a  Teftimony  of  their  Efteem, 

*  which  I  value  at  a  much  higher  Rate ;  and  whereof 

*  my  Actions  {hall  evidence  how  much  I  defire  a 

*  Continuance.     I  am,  Mr.  Speaker, 

Tour  very  affeftionale  Friend^ 


The  Houfe  was  fo  pleafed  with  this  Letter  alfo, 
that  they  ordered  it  to  be  entered  in  their  Journals^ 
as  a  Teftimony  of  his  Highnefs's  Affe&ion  and  high 
Efteem  to  their  Houfe,  and  of  their  humble  and 
hearty  Acknowledgment  thereof. 

The  Houfe  of  Commons,  in  carrying  on  the  Act 
of  Oblivion,  were  ftill  feeking  out  for  fuch  as  were 
to  be  excepted  out  of  it,  and  had  appointed  a  Com- 
mittee to  inform  themfelves,  by  perufing  the  Jour- 
nal of  the  pretended  High  Court  of  Juftice,  for  Trial 
of  the  late  King,  what  Perfons  not  fitting  at  the 
faid  Trial,  on  the  27th  of  January ,  1648,  did  fit  at 
the  faid  Trial,  in  IVeJiminfter-Hall^  any  of  the  Days 
preceding,  and  to  report  their  Names  to  the  Houfe* 

June  9.  Accordingly  Mr.  Prynne,  from  this  Com- 
mittee, brought  in  feveral  Names  of  fuch  Peribns, 
with  the  Times  of  their  Sitting  at  the  Trial  ;  on 
which  the  Houfe  refolved,  That  William  Lord  Mun- 
fon,  Thomas  Challoner,  James  Challoner,  John  Fry9 
Francis  Lafcelles,  Sir  Henry  Mildmay,  Robert  ff^al' 
/op,  Sir  Gilbert  Pickering,  Sir  James  Harrington^ 
Thomas  Lifter,  and  John  Phelpes,  one"  of  the  Clerks 
under  the  pretended  High  Court  of  Juftice,  fhould 
all  be  excepted  out  of  the  Act  of  general  Pardon  and 
Oblivion,  for  and  in  refpecl:  only  of  fuch  Pains, 
Penalties,  and  Forfeitures,  (not  extending  to  Life) 
as  fhall  be  thought  fit  to  be  inflicted  on  them  by 


346     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 
An.  i«.  Car.  II.  another  Act,  intended  to  be  hereafter  pafled  for  that 

1660.       Purpofe. 
^— -v*-'        At  the  fame  Time  the  following  Perfons  were 

•*une"  voted  to  be  fpared  for  Life,  tho'  all  fat  in  Judgment 
on  the  late  King ;  the  Lord  Grey  of  Grooby,.  Sir 
Hardrefs  Waller •,  Valentine  Wanton,  Edward  Whal- 
ley,  Ifaac  Ewer,  Sir  John  Danvers,  Sir  Thomas 
Maleverer,  Sir  John  Bourchier,  William  Hevening- 
bam,  Ifaac  Penning  ton,  Henry  Marten,  William 
Purefoy,  John  Blakijlon^  Gilbert  Millington,  Sir 
William- Confl  able,  Bart.  Edmund  Ludlow,  Sir  Mi- 
chael Live/ay,  Bart.  Robert  Tichborne,  Owen  Rowe, 
Robert  Lilburne,  Richard  Deane,  John  Okey,  John 
Hughfon,  William  Gaffe,  John  Carew,  Miles  Cor- 
bett,  Francis  Allen ,  Peregrine  Pelham,  John  Moore, 
John  Allured^  Henry  Smyth,  Humphry  Edwards, 
Gregory  Clement,  Thomas  Wogan^  Sir  Gregory  Nor- 
ton, Bart.  Edmund  Harvey^  John  Venn,  Thomas 
Andrews,  Alderman  of  London,  William  Cawley, 
Anthony  Stapely,  John  Downes,  Thomas  Horton, 
Thomas  Hammond,  Nicholas  Love,  Vincent  Potter, 
Auguftin  Garland,  John  Dixwell,  George  Fleetwood, 
Symon  Mayne,  James  Temple,  Peter  Temple,  Daniel 
Slagrave,  and  Thomas  Wayte. 

June  u.  The  Houfe  were  informed  by  Mr. 
Prynue,  one  of  the  Committee  for  fwearing  the 
Members,  that,  in  comparing  the  Returns  of  Mem- 
bers to  ferve  in  that  Houfe,  with  the  Lifts  of  thofe 
who  had  taken  the  Oaths  of  Allegiance  and  Supre- 
macy, he  finds  their  Number  to  be  455  ;  and  that 
he  knows  not  any  fitting  Member  that  has  refufed 
to  take  them.  The  Lord  General  Monke,  and  the 
Lord  High  Admiral  of  England,  were  defired  to  take 
effectual  Care  that  the  faid  Oaths  fhould  be  admi- 
niftered  to  all  the  Officers  and  Soldiers  of  the  Army, 
and  all  the  Commanders,  Officers,  and  Marines  of 
the  Navy  :  And  that  his  Majefty  be  defired  to  iflue 
out  a  Proclamation,  requiring  all  and  every  Perfon 
and  Perfons  in  this  Realm,  who  by  Law  ought  to 
take  the  faid  Oaths,  to  take  them  accordingly. 

The  Houfe  next  refumed  the  Debate  on  the  Acl 

Of    ENGLAND.       347 

of  general  Pardon  and  Oblivion,  when  a  Letter  from  An.  12.  Car,;it» 

William  Lenthall,  Efq;  the  late  Speaker,  was  read, 

and  the  Queftion  being  put  that  he  be  one  of  the 

twenty  Perfons  to  be  excep  ed  out  of  the  general  A6t 

of  Pardon,   to  {utter  fuch  Pains  and  Penalties,  Life 

only  cxcepted,  as  ftiould  be  thought  proper  to  infii& 

upon  him  ?  The  Houfe  divided,  and  it  was  carried 

againft  him  by  215  to  126. — —Sir  Henry  Vane  was 

alfo  voted  to  lie  under  the  fame  Dilemma,  without 

any  Divifion. 

The  Lords  had  had  an  Affair  of  their  own  Privilege 
before  them  for  fome  Time,  relating  to  the  Choice 
of  their  own  Speaker  in  fome  Cafes  :  And  a  Com- 
mittee being  appointed  to  examine  into  this  Bufi- 
nefs,  the  Lord  Roberts  reported  their  Refuit  to  the 
Houfe.  *  That  it  is  the  Duty  of  the  Lord-Chan- 
cellor, or  Lord-Keeper  of  the  Great  Seal,  of  Eng- 
land, ordinarily  to  attend  the  Lords  Houfe  of  Parliiv^ 
ment ;  a*nd  that  in  cafe  thofe  great  Officers  be  ab- 
fent  from  the  Houfe,  and  that  there  be  none  autho- 
rized, under  the  Great  Seal,  by  the  King,  to  fupply 
that  Place  in  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  the  Lords  may 
then  chufe  their  own  Speaker  during  that  Vacancy.' 
The  Houfe  confirmed  this  Report,  and  ordered  it  to 
be  entered  in  the  Roll  amongll  the  {landing  Orders 
of  the  Houfe  :  And,  foon  after,  the  King  thought 
proper  to  grant  aCommiinon,  under  his  Great  Seal, 
to  Sir  Orlando  Bridgeman,  Lord  Chief  Baron  of  the 
Exchequer,  to  execute  that  Place  in  the  Houfe, 
whenever  the  Lord  Chancellor  fhould  have  Occa- 
fion  to  be  abfent. 

The  Lords  alfo  appointed  a  Committee  to  confi- 
der  of  the  great  Violation  that  hath  been  committed 
upon  the  Peers  of  this  Realm,  by  retraining  their 
Perfons,  burning  them  in  the  Hand,  refufmg  their 
Privileges  when  they  have  been  claimed,  and  many 
other  Breaches :  And  that  the  f.iid  Committee  have 
Power  to  fend  for  all  Offenders  in  thole  Kinds,  and, 
after  Examination  thereof,  to  report  it  to  the  Houfe. 

June  13.  This  Day  the  Commons  agreed  that 
the  following  Perfons  ihould  be  of  the  Twenty  who 

348     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY- 

An.  »2.  Car.  II.  were  to  be  excepted  out  of  the  Ac~t  of  Pardon,  for 
1660.  Pains  and  Penalties  not  extending  to  Life,  viz. 
C"TV^*'J  William  Burton,  Serjeant  Richard  Keeble,  Oliver 
St.  John,  John  Ireton,  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge,  Col. 
William  Sydenham,  John  Dejborough,  and  Daniel 
Axtell :  On  Sydenham  there  was  a  Divifion,  but  it 
was  carried  againft  him,  147  to  106.  The  Trial 
of  Buljlrode  Wkitlocke,  a  Perfon  well  known  in  thefe 
and  former  Times,  came  alfo  on ;  and  the  Queftion 
being  put,  Whether  the  main  Queftion  be  now  put, 
it  pafled  in  the  Negative,  175  againft  134 ;  fo  Mr. 
Whitlocke  was  refpited  for  that  Time. 

The  Commons  continued  to  except  Perfons  out 
of  their  Act  of  Pardon,  but  though  it  had  been  vo- 
ted to  except  no  more  than  twenty,  yet  they  went  on 
with  their  Exceptions  for  of  Pains  and  Penalties,  and 
Colonel  John  Lambert,  ChriJiopherPacke,  Alderman 
of  London,  and  John  Blackwell^  of  Mortdack,  were 
named  for  that  Purpofe. 

The  famous  John  Milton  comes  next  to  be  que- 
fHoned  for  writing  two  Books,  one  intituled,  Jo- 
Lannis  Miltoni  Angli  pro  Populo  Anglicano  Defenfio^ 
contra  Claudii  Anonimi,  alias  Salmajii  Defenfionem 
Regiam  ;  the  other,  an  Anfwer  to  a  Book  called, 
The  Portraiture  of  his  late  Majefty  in  his  Solitude  and 
Sufferings.  At  the  fame  Time  one  John  Goodwin 
was  mentioned  for  writing  another  Book,  intituled, 
The  Objlruttors  of  Juftice,  in  Defence  of  the  traite- 
rous  Sentence  againft  the  late  King's  Majefty.  Thefe 
two  Perfons  were  ordered  to  be  taken  into  Cuftody 
by  the  Serjeant  at  Arms,  to  be  profecuted  by  the 
Attorney-General ;  and,  laftly,  the  King  defired  to 
iflue  out  his  Proclamation  to  recall  their  Books,  along 
with  fuch  other  Books  as  (hould  be  prefented  to  his 
Majefty,  in  a  Schedule  from  the  Houfe,  in  order  to 
their  being  burnt  by  the  Hands  of  the  common 

This  Day  Mr.  Secretary  Morrice  acquainted  the 
Commons  that  he  had  a  Meflage  from  his  Majefty  in 
Writing  ;  which  he  was  commanded  to  deliver  to 
that  Houfe,  and  defired  it  might  be  read,  which  was 
as  follows : 


Of    ENGLAND.        349 

C  H  A  R  L  E  S     R.  An.  i».  Car.II. 

^£  have  had  too  ample  a  Manifejlation  of  your        l66°* 

Affection  and  Duty  toward  us,  the  good  Effett    V"""r"v"""*'' 
^vbcreof  is  notorious  to  the  World,  to  make  the  leajl        •'un( 
Doubt  of  the  Continuance  and  Improvement  thereof  \ 
or  in  the  lea  ft  Degree  to  diflike  -what  you  have  done,  or^^fj™* 
to  complain  of  what  you  have  left  undone.  We  know  wW/Houfe  of  Com- 
the  Height  of  thofe  Affairs,  which  depend  upon  yourmon** 
Counfels,  and  the  Time  that  muft  unavoidably  be  fpent 
in  Delates,  where  there  muft  naturally  be  Difference 
of  Opinion  and  'Judgment,  amongft  thoje  whofe  Dejires 
of  the  public  Peace  and  Safety  are  the  fame ;    and, 
neither  we  nor  you  muft  be  overmuch  troubled,  if  we 
find  our  good  Intentions,  and  the  unwearied  Pains  we 
take  to  reduce  thofe  good  Intentions  into  real  Afts,   for 
the  Ijhtiet  and  Security  of  the  Nation,  mif~reprefented 
and  mi f- interpreted  by  thofe  who  are,  in  Truth,  af- 
flitted  to  fee  the  public  Diftrattions,  by  God's  Blejfing% 
jo  near  an  End ;    and,  by  others,  upon  whofe  Weak- 
nefs,  Fears,  and  'Jealoufies,  the  Activity  and  Cunning 
of  thofe  ill  Men  have  too  great  an  Influence. 

How  wonderful  and  miraculous  foever  the  great 
Harmony  of  Affeflions  between  us  and  our  good  Sub- 
jecls  is,  (and  that  is  fo  vifible  and  manifeft  to  the 
World,  that  there  fcarce  appears  the  View  of  any 
Cloud  to  overfhadow  or  difturb  it)  yet,  we  muft  not 
think  that  God  Almighty  hath  wrought  the  Miracle 
to  that  Degree,  that  a  Nation  fo  miferably  divided 
for  fo  many  Years,  is  Jo  foon  and  entirely  united  in 
their  Affections  and  Endeavours,  as  were  to  be  wifftd ; 
but  that  the  evil  Consciences  of  many  Men  continue 
fo  aiuake  for  Mifchief,  that  they  are  not  willing  ty 
take  Reft  themf elves,  or  to  fuffer  others  to  take  it  : 
And  we  have  all  had  too  fad  Experience  of  the  un- 
happy Effefts  of  Fears  and  'Jealoufies,  hoiv  groundlej} 
and  unreasonable  foever,  not  to  think  it  very  nfcsjfary 
to  apply  all  timely  and  proper  Remedies  to  thofe  Dif~ 
tempers,  and  to  prevent  the  Inconveniences  and  Mif- 
chief s  which  too  naturally  flow  from  thence :  H^e  well 
forefaw,  that  the  great  violation,  which  the  Laws  of 
the  Land  had  for  fo  many  Years  fujlained,  had  fill* <i 
the  Hearts  of  the  People  with  a  terrible  dpprehtrifan 


350     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  II. of  Infecurity  to  tbem&foes.    if  all  they  had  faid  and 
1660.        done  fault}  ^  liable  to  be  examined  and  puni/hed  by 
V-— v«.^    tbofe  Laws  which  had  been  fo  violated  ;  and  that  no- 
>'Une'         thing  could  eftablijh  the  Security  of  King  and  People, 
but  a  full  Provision,  that  the  returning  to  the  Reve- 
rence and  Obedience  of  the  Law,  which  is  good  for 
us  oil,   Jhould  not  turn  to  the  Ruin  of  anyy  who  are 
Willing  and  fit  to  receive  that  Proteflion  hereafter  from 
the  Law,   and  to  iyay  that  Subjection  to  it  that  is  jujl 
and  necejfary  ;  and,  therefore,  we  made  that  free  Of- 
fer of  a  general  Pardon  in  fuch  a  Manner,  as  i; 
exprejjed  in  our  Declaration  ;  and  how  ready  and  deji- 
rous  ^ue  are  to  make  good  the  fame,  appears  by  our 
Proclamation^  which  we  have  ijjjued  out  upon,  and  ac- 
cording to,  your  Defere. 

However,  it  is  evident,  that  all  we  have,  or  do 
offer,  doth  not  enough  tompofe  the  Minds  of  our  People , 
nor,  in  their  Opinions,  can  their  Security  be  provided 
for,  till  the  Afl  of  Indemnity  and  Oblivion  be  paffed ; 
and  we  find  great  Induftry  is  ufed  by  thofe,  who  do 
not  wife  that  Peace  to  the  Kingdom  they  ought  to  do, 
to  perfuade  our  good  Subjects,  that  we  have  no  Mind 
to  n  ake  good  our  Promises,  which,  in  Truth,  we  de- 
fire  to  perform  for  our  own  Sake  as  well  as  theirs  : 
And  ive  do  therefore  very  earneflly  recommend  it  to  you, 
that  fill  pojfihle  Expedition  be  ufed  in  the  pfjftng  that 
mo  ft  necejjary  Act,  whereby  our  good  Subjects  generally 
will  be  fatisfied,  that  their  Security  is  in  their  own 
Hands,  and  depends  upon  their  future  Aflions,  and 
that  they  are  free  for  all  that  is  pa  ft,  and  fo  all  the 
Endeavours  of  ill  Men  will  be  dijappointed,  which 
would  perfuade  them  not  to  do  well  now,  becaufe  they 
have  heretofore  done  amifs.  And  we  are  the  more  en- 
gaged to  this  our  Recommendation,  becaufe,  upon  the 
Reflection  of  your  eminent  'Leal  and  Affection  for  our 
Service,  and  hearty  Concurrence  with  us  in  all  we  have 
dejired  from  you,  Men  are  apt  to  perjuade  others^ 
though  they  do  not  believe  it  themfelves,  that  the  paj- 
Jing  the  Att  is  therefore  deferred,  becaufe  we  do 
not  enough  prefs  the  Dijpatch  of  it,  which  we  do  de- 
fire  from  our  Heart,  and  are  confident  you  will  the 
fooner  do,  upon  this  sur  earneft  Recommendation. 


Of    ENGLAND.       351 

After  the  reading  of  the  above  Remonftrance  from  An.  iz.  Car.  II. 
the  King, 'the  Commons  defired  the  Secretary  to  re-        l66^* 
turn  their  humble  Thanks  to  his  Majefty  for  his       T*~ 
gracious  MefTage  ;    and  to  acquaint  him,  That  the 
Houfe  would  make  it  their  Endeavour  to   give* a 
fpeedyDifpatch  to  what  is  mentioned  in  theMeflage  ; 
and  to  all  other  Matters  relating  to  the  Public. 

Accordingly  the  Houfe  refumed  the  Ac~t  of  Indem- 
nity; when,  after  Debate,  it  was  refolvedjThatC/W/^ 
Fleet-wood^  John  Pyne,  Richard  Dean,  Major  Rich- 
ard Creed,  Philip  Nye,  'John  Goodwin,  Clerk,  Co- 
lonel Ralph  Cobbet,  William  He-wet ',  and  Hugh  Pe- 
ters, fliould  be  excepted  out  of  the  A£t  of  general 
Pardon  and  Oblivion  ;  the  two  laft  for  Life. 

A  curious  Manufcript,  a  which  has  certainly  been 
the  Note- Book  to  fome  Member  of  this  Parliament, 
and  fent  in  to  the  Editors  of  this  Work  fince  their 
laft  Advertifement  to  the  Public,  informs  us,  That 
when  this  Debate  was  entered  into,  at  this  Time, 
Sir  Henry  Cholmley  moved,  That  all  fuch  Members 
as  had  fat  in  any  High  Court  of  Juftice  fhould  with- 
draw, but  refufed  to  name  any.  This  Motion  was 
feconded  by  Sir  William  Vincent ;  to  which  Mr. 
Charlton  and  Mr.  Prynne .  added,  all  thofe  that  ab- 
jured, or  figned  the  Inftrument  of  Government.  Mr. 
Goodrich  fpoke  to  lay  that  Bufmefs  afide;  and  Sir 
George  Booth,  not  to  queftion  them  now,  but  to  go 
to  the  Bufmefs  of  the  Day.  Lord  Falkland  moved 
to  exclude  them  ;  as  did  alfo  Sir  George  Ryves,  and 
Col.  King. 

Some  other  Speakers  are  named  in  the  Manufcript 
for  and  againft  the  Motion;  but  we  do  not  find  that 
the  Houfe  divided  upon  it,  but  went  to  the  Bufmefs 
of  the  Day,  which  was  to  name  the  twenty  Perfons 
who  were  to  be  excepted  out  of  the  general  Pardon. 
Mr.  Prynne,  the  Manufcript  fays,  moved  firft  againft 


a  This  Manufcript  is  by  Way  of  Diary,  and  begins  with  June  18, 
1660  j  but  is  broke  into  fometirries  by  Lacerations,  &c.  It  is  wrote  in 
the  Hand  of  the  Times,  coincides  exaftly  with  the  Journals  of  ths 
Commons,  but  is  much  more  particular  in  the  Names  of  the  Speakers  in 
each  Debate.  It  was  communicated  to  the  Editors  of  this  Work,  by 
the  Rev.  Charles  Lyttclton,  LL.  D.  Dean  of  Exeter,  to  whom  thry 
are  alfo  obliged  for  many  other  Favours  of  this  Kind,  in  the  CouiT? 
*f  this  Hiftorv. 

352     7&  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An. »».  Car.  II.  Col.  Fleetwood,  which  was  anfwered  by  Sir  Ralph 
°6°'  Knight,  for  him  ;  but  Mr.  Palmer  and  Col.  King, 
**jJS^  fpeaking  alfo  againft  him,  he  was  voted  to  be  ex- 
cepted  ;  making,  as  the  Note- Book  fays,  the  I4th 
Man.  Lord  Falkland  named  Col.  Pyne;  which 
Mr.  Swanton  and  Mr.  Chafe  feconding,  faying,  He 
was  called  the  King  of  the  Weft^  and  was  a  great 
Tyrant,  upon  the  Queftion,  he  was  voted  to  be  ex- 
cepted,  being  the  1 5th  Man.  Mr.  Philip  Jones  was 
named  next ;  but,  on  reading  a  Petition  from  him, 
juftifying  himfelf  that  he  was  not  guilty  of  the  King's 
Death,  and  Mr.  Annejley  and  Mr.  Finch  fpeaking 
for  him,  his  Affair  was  dropt.  Mr.  Prynne  moved 
againft  Richard  Cromwell ;  but,  no  one  feconding, 
the  Houie  proceeded  no  farther  againft  him  at  that 
Time.  The  fame  Member  named  Major  Sa/way9 
feconded  by  Mr.  Goodrick  ;  but  Mr.  Dolt/well  deli- 
vering a  Petition  from  the  Major,  and  he  and  Mr. 
Knightley  fpeaking  for  him,  he  was  alfo  pafled  by. 
Sir  'Thomas  Clarges  moved  againft  Richard  Dean  ; 
faying.  There  was  a  Sufpicion  that  he  had  lately 
difperfed  dangerous  Papers  in  Scotland,  and  was  an 
Anabaptilt;  upon  which  he  was  voted  amongft  the 
Excepted,  and  made  the  j6th  Man. 

The  Caufe  of  Mr.  Wbitlocke*  the  Memorialift, 
who  had  a£ted  in  high  Stations  in  every  Revolution 
ilnce  the  lare  King's  Death,  came  on  once  again 
this  Day.  The  Manufcript  informs  us,  That  Mr. 
Prynne  firft  moved  the  Houfe  againft  him,  which 
was  feconded  by  Sir  Ralph  Ajhton  and  Sir  Henry 
Finch,  who  faid,  JVhitlocke  was  as  much  an  Ambaf- 
fador  as  St.  John  was ;  was  for  fining  him,  but  not 
to  exceed  the  Value  of  two  Years  Income  of  his 

Mr.  Annejley  was  for  not  quitting  him,  but  to  fet 
feme  jVlark  of  Disfavour  upon  him  only,  by  reafon  of 
hisnumerous Family.  Mr.Charlton alfo fpoke againft 
him,  but  moderately ;  and  Mr. Palmer  moved  to  fpare 
his  Eftate  for  his  Children's  Sake.  For  IVbitlocka 
fpoke  Mr.  WJoughby^  Sir  Henry  Cbo/m/ey,  Mr.  Tur- 
'2£j-J~,ordHcward}  Sir  George  Booth)  ^\vJohnRobinfony 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      353 

and  Sir  Richard  Brown,  who  faid,  Mr.  Wbitlocke^ 
preferved  him  from  being  taken;  and  Six  John  Hot- 
land,  who  urged  his  fending  the  Kin  :  over  500  /. 
and  his  fecuring  Lyme  for  him,  of  which  his  Son 
was  Governor.  On  the  whole,  Mr.  IVhitlocke  was 
again  acquitted. 

The  next  Perfon  who  was  named  was  Major 
Creed,  and  only  Major  Archer  fpoke  for  him;  how- 
ever the  Houfe  divided  twice  on  this  Affair ;  flrft, 
Whether  the  QueiHon  fhould  be  then  put;  which 
was  carried,  147  againft  101  ;  and  the  Main  Que- 
ftion  being  put,  Creed  was  caft  by  133  to  103  :  So 
he  made  the  lyth  Man. 

Sir  William  IVyldc  moved  the  Houfe  againft  Philip 
Nye,  a  Minifter,  which  was  feconded  by  Sir  Henry 
Finch ;  who  faid,  Nye  had  enriched  himfelf  very 
much  in  thofe  Times  of  Plunder  and  Rapine;  and 
that  there  needed  no  particular  Charge,  fince  the 
Hue-and-Cry  was  general  againft  him.  Mr.  Tur- 
ner alfo  urged  it  home  againft  Nye,  and  faid,  That 
he  being  the  Grandee  at  the  Committee  for  beftow- 
ing  Benefices,  a  young  Man  oi  Learning  and  Merit 
would  not  pafs  with  him,  when  a  worthlefs  good- 
for-nothing  Fellow  was  always  preferred.  Sir  Ri- 
chard Temple  moved  to  charge  Nye  with  fome  capi- 
tal Crime  ;  but  the  Houfe  was  more  moderate,  and 
one  Mr.  Folie  fpeaking  for  him,  he  was  only  ex- 
cepted  as  above,  and  made  the  i8th  Man. 

John  Goodwin,  the  Author  before-mentioned,  was 
next  named  by  Mr.  Prynne,  and  voted  to  be  the 
1 9th  Man. 

Col.  Csbbet  was  moved  againft  by  Mr.  Hopkins', 
Sir  Henry  Finch  feconded  ;  but  not  to  put  him  on  the 
Lift  of  the  Twenty,  but  except  him  by  himfelf  as 
capital  :  But  this  not  being  agreed  to,  it  was  refol- 
ved,  on  the  Queftion,  That  Cobbet  fliould  only  ftand 
for  Pains  and  Penalties,  and  he  made  the  2Oth  Man. 
Judge  Thorpe  was  named  at  the  fame  Time  with 
Cobbet,  by  Col.  King,  feconded  by  Mr.  Winfield  and 
Mr.  Prynne;  who  mentioned  one  Thorpe,  that  was 
a  Judge  in  Edward  the  Second's  Time,  who,  for 
taking  Bribes  and  other  Mifdemeanors,  was  punifti- 
VOL.  XXII.  Z  ed ; 

354     ffl>e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  II. ed ;  and  therefore  defired  that  this  Judge  Thorpe 
1660.       might  alfo  fuffer  the  fame :   But  feveral  Members 
^—~ v— ->    fpeaking  in  Behalf  of"  Thorpe,  he  was  acquitted,  and 
June,        Cobbet,  as  above,  taken  in  his  Place. 

The  Cafe  of  Hugh  Peters,  that  Pulpit  Incendiary, 
came  next  to  be  confidered  by  the  Houfe;  Serjeant 
Tyrrell  produced  an  Information  againft  him,  from, 
one  Dr.  Young,  a  Phyfician  in  Wales :  That  Peters^ 
being  very  fick  and  like  to  die,  told  him,  that  it  was 
he  and  Cromwell  who  confulted  together  how  to  dif- 
pofe  of  the  late  King.  Hewlet,  the  Man  fufpected 
to  have  cut  off  the  King's  Head,  was  alfo  named 
with  Peters,  there  being  two  WitnefTes  ready  to 
fwear  againft  him  :  On  which  the  Houfe  thought 
proper  to  except  them  out  of  the  Act  for  Life,  and 
leave  them  to  the  Law. 

But  it  is  now  Time  to  return  back  to  fee  what  the 
Houfe  of  Lords  were  doing  all  this  while 3  and  they 
were  not  without  their  Trials  of  fome  of  thofe 
Wretches,  who  had  done  fo  much  Mifchief  in  the 

One  Major  Rolph  was  informed  againft  by  two 
Witneffes,  for  having  had  a  Defign  to  make  away 
•with  the  late  King,  when  he  was  Prifoner  in  Carlf- 
Irook-Ca/lle:  On  which  the  Lords  ordered  the  Gen- 
tlcman-Ufher  of  the  Black  Rod  to  take  Rolph  into 
Cuftody,  as  a  dangerous  Perfon,  and  bring  him, 
along  with  the  Witnefles,  before  them  the  next 

Accordingly  this  Day,  June  14,  the  Major  was 
brought  to  the  Bar,  as  a  Delinquent,  when  Richard 
OJbourne,  on  his  Oath,  produced  a  printed  Paper,  for- 
merly printed,  in  which  were  Letters  he  had  wrote; 
and  fwore  that  the  Matter  in  that  printed  Paper  was 
true.  Doivcett,  the  other  Witnefs,  was  alfo  fworn, 
and  afked  what  he  had  to  charge  againft  the  Pri- 
foner; who  alfo  delivered  in  a  Paper  of  Informa- 
tion, which  he  had  before  given  as  Evidence,  and 
fwore  the  fame  to  be  true.  The  Houfe  then  ordered 
both  thefe  Papers  to  be  read  ;  the  Contents  of 
which,  as  entered  in  the  Journals,  were  as  follow: 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       355 

./f  LETTER  to  the  LordWHAR.Toxyfent  /y  Richard  An.  12.  Car.  n, 

Ofbourne.  l66°- 

My  Lord,  June  1,1648.      V"T^"'"J 

*  fT^HOUGH  I  cannot  but  imagine  I  ftand  fo 

*  X     highly  condemned  in  your  Lordmip's  and  A  Letter  to  the 

*  many  Perfons  Thoughts,  that  any  thing  of  Vindi-  Lord  Wbartm 

'  cation  from  me  muft  come  with  all  the  Difadvan-  on  ^5//^>s  An- 

*  tage  and  Prejudice  that  may  be:  Yet,  my  Lord,    cr* 

*  being  confcious  of  my  own  Integrity,  and  confi- 

*  dent  that  I  mall  be  judged  by  your  Lordfhips  by 
1  no  other  Rules  but  thofe  of  Juftice  and  Reafon,  I 

*  cannot  doubt  but,  when  I  have  difcovered  the 

*  Grounds  and  Reafons  of  my  Actions,  that  it  will 
'  appear  to  your  Lordlhips,  that  what  I  have  done 
e  hath  been  agreeable  to  the  feveral  Duties  I  ftand 

*  engaged  in,  as  I  am  fuppofed  to  have  acted  con- 

*  trary  before  I  am  heard. 

*  Not  to  detain  your  Lordfhip  in  Circumftances, 

*  I  fhall  make  this  Proteftation,  That  as  no  other 

*  Thing  but  the  Danger  of  the  King's  Life  could,  in 

*  Reafon,  excufe  fuch  an  Attempt,  fo  I  proteft  that 

*  no  inferior  Confiderations  did  or  could  have  moved 
c  to  fuch  an  Aftion  :  But,  my  Lord,  having  had  fuch 
«  particular  and  well-grounded  Information  that  fo 

*  horrid  a  Defign  was  intended  and  moved,  from 
'  thofe  that  could,  when  they  pleafed,  have  had  the 
<  Power  to  put  it  in  Execution,  I  hope  I  fhall  not  be 
'  cenfured  for  having  poftponed  all  other  Confidera- 
'  tions  to  that  Loyalty  which  cannot  be  queftioned 

*  but  I  owe  to  the  King. 

'  But  not  to  leave  your  Lordfhip  unfatisfied  with 
e  the  general  Account :  The  Intelligence  I  fpeak  of 

*  concerning  this  Defign  I  received  from  Captain 
'  Rolpb)  a  Perfon  very  intimate  with  the  Governor, 

*  privy  to  all  Councils,  and  one  that  is   very  high 
4  in  the  Efteem  of  the  Army ;   he,  my  Lord,  in- 

*  formed  me  that,  to  his  Knowledge,  the  Governor 
e  received  feveral  Letters   from   the  Army,    inti- 

*  mating,  they  defired  the   King  might,   by  any 
8  Means,  be  removed  out  of  the  Way,  either  by 

*  Poifon  or  otherwife  :  And  that  another  Time  the 

*  fame  Perfon  perfuaded  me  to  join  with  him  in  a 

Z  2  «  Defign 

An.  ia.  Car.  II. 


To  the  Lord 
Mar.cbfjlcr  o 
yie  fame. 

356     ffie  Parliamentary  Hi s T OR Y  - 

Defign  to  remove  the  King  out  of  that  Caftle  to  a 
Place  of  more  Secrecy,  proffering  to  take  an  Oath 
with  me,  and  to  do  it  without  the  Governor's  Pri- 
vity ;  who,  he  faid,  would  not  confent  for  lofing 
the  Allowance  of  the  Houfe.  His  Pretence  to  this 
Attempt  was,  That  the  King  was  in  too  public  a 
Place,  from  whence  he  might  be  refcued  ;  but  if  he 
might  be  conveyed  to  fome  Place  of  Secrecy,  he 
faid  we  might  difpofe  of  his  Perfon  upon  all  Occa- 
fions  as  we  thought  fit :  And  this  he  was  confident 
he  could  effect  without  the  Governor's  Privity. 

*  My  Lord,  confidering  all  thefe  pregnant  Cir- 
cumftances,  I  think  it  will  appear  that  there  were, 
if  there  are  not,  fuch  Intentions  concerning  his  Ma- 
jefty's  Perfon,  as  may  well  juftify  my  Endeavours 
that  have  been  made  for  his  Remove  from  fo  much 
Danger  ;  and,  for  my  own  Part,  my  Lord,  I  muft 
be  fo  plain  as  to  declare  concerning  my  own  Act- 
ings in  relation  to  this  Bufmefs,  that  had  I  not 
done  this,  having  fuch  Grounds,  I  muft  believe  I 
had  then  verified  all  thofe  Afperfions  of  Difloyalty, 
and  Breach  of  Truft,  which  I  am  contented  to  fufrer 
from  thofe,  whofe Intereft  is,  perchance,  oppofed  to 
my  Endeavours  to  prevent  fuch  damnable  Defigns. 

'  My  Lord,  I  have  fpoken  nothing  here  but  what 
I  fLall  be  ready  to  teftify  upon  Oath,  whenever  I 
fhall  be  called  to  it,  with  Promife  of  Freedom  and 
Security  ;  'till  then  I  muft  be  contented  to  fupport 
all  Cenfures,  and  fatisfied  with  the  Vindication  I 
receive  from  my  own  Confcience.  1  am 
Tour  Lordfmp's  bumble  Servant , 


fo  the  Rt.  Hon.  tie  Earl  o/"MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  pro  Tempore, 

Right  Honourable,  June  1 6,  1648. 

Did,  by  a  Letter  of  the  firft  of  June,  acquaint 
my  Lord  Wharton  with  what  I  fend  here  in- 
lofed,  expecting  it  would,  before  this,  have  been 
«  communicated  to  both  Houfes.  What  ftould 
*  be  the  Rcafon  of  concealing  a  Bufmefs  of  this  Na- 

*  ture 


Of     ENGLAND.        357 

«  ture  I  know  not,  except  it  be  to  give  thofe  Time  An.  12.  Car.  II. 
'  that  are  concerned  in  it,  better  to  think  of  fome        l66°- 

*  Stratagem  to  evade  this  Diicovery.  W»—"V— ««w 

'  I  humbly  delire  your  Lordfhip,  upon  Sight  of      ' 

*  this  Relation,   to  communicate  it  to  the  Houfe  of 

*  Peers,  which  I  fhal!  be  ready  to  atleft  upon  Oath 

*  in  every  Particular,  whenever  your  Lordihip  fhall 
4  pleafe  to  allow  me  that  Freedom  and  Security, 
'  which  ought  to  be  afforded  to  any  Gentleman  and 
'  Chriftian  in  witnefling  a  Truth.    I  am, 

My  Lord, 

Tour  Lordjhlp's 

Mojl  humble  Servant, 


e  Abraham  Dcwcett,  of  IVmdfor,  in  the  County  of  wr.  Z>CW«H'S 
Berks?  Efq;  aged  forty-eight  Years,  or  thereabouts,  Evidence  againil 
fworn  and  examined  before  the  Lords  in  Parliament,  Rolth* 
aflembled  the  i8th  Day  of  July,  in  the  24th  Year 
of  the  Reign  of  our  Sovereign  Lord  King  Charles, 
and  in  the  Year  of  our  Lord  God  1648,  informetli 
and  fayeth,  upon  his  Oath,  as  followeth,  viz. 

'  That  the  Examinant  being  placed  by  the  Conv- 

*  miffioners  of  both  Routes  of  Parliament,  to  attend 

*  upon  his  Majefty  as  Clerk  of  hisMajefty'sJCitchen, 
c  at  Newcaftle,  about  the  End  of  January,  1646,  and 
c  continued  in  that  Service  always  afterwards  in  fe- 
'  veral  Places,  to  which  his  Majefty,  from  Time  to 
e  Time,  removed, until  the  28th  Day  of  Maylzft  paff. 

He  depofeth,  and  fayeth,  '  That,  about  a  Fort- 
4  night  before  the  faid  28th  of  May,  Mr.  Richard 
'  Oflourtie,  who  attended  upon  the  King  as  Gentle- 

*  man-U(her  to  his  Majefty,  at  CariJbrook-Caftle?  in 

*  the  Ifle  oflFigbt,  came  unto  this  Examinant,  into 
4  his  Chamber,  in  the  faid  Caftle,  and  then  and  there 

*  told  him,  That  the  King  was  weary  of  his  being  in 
'  the  faid  Caftle,  and  had  a  great  Defire  to  be  gone 
'  from  thence  :  To  which  the  Examinant  made  An- 

*  fwer,  That  he  could  not  blame  his  Majefty  for  it, 

*  being   in  the  Condition  he  there  was  ;    but  this 
'  Examinant    conceived    that    it    would   be 




358       lie  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  i*.  Car.  II.'  difficult  for  his  Majefty,  and  hazardous  to  his  Per- 

1660.        «  for))  to  attempt  any  Efcape  from  thence,  or  ufed 

^-— v—*'    «  Words  to  that  Effect  :  Whereupon  the  faid  Mr. 

Juue,        f  OJbourne,  at  that  Time,  left  this  Examinant,  but 

'  repaired  to  him  again  about  three  or  four  Days  af- 

*  terwards,  in  his  Chamber,  and  then  and  there  told 

*  this  Examinant,  That  Capt.  Edmund  Ralph,  now 
'  Major  Ralph,  had  a  Defign  on  foot  for  conveying 

*  his  Majefty's  Perfon  away  from  Car ijbrook- Co/lie, 

*  to  fome  Place  of  Secrecy,  where  but  three  fliould  go 
'  with  him,  and  where  they  might  difpofe  of  his 

*  Perfon  as  they  fhould  think  fit. 

'  This  Examinant,  fearing  that  the  faid  Mr.  Of- 
'  bourne  came  but  to  entrap  him,  made  Anfwer,  That 

*  if  he  might  fee  fomething  under  his  Majefty's 

*  Hand,  teitifying  his  Majefty's  Defire  that  this  Ex- 

*  aminant  fhould  affift  the  faid  Mr.  O/bourne  con- 

*  cerning  his  Majefty's  Efcape,  that  then  he  would 

*  be  ready  to  aflift  him  therein  :  Whereupon  the  faid 
1  Mr.  OJbourne  again  left  the  Examinant;  and 'the 

*  fame  Day,  after  Supper,  came  to  this  Examinant's 

*  faid  Chamber,  bringing  with  him  a  Note  of  his 

*  Majefty's  Hand-writing  to  this  Effect,  viz.  Dow- 

*  cett,  /  defire  you  to  ajjijl  the  Bearer  hereof \  Of- 

*  bourne,  for  my  Efcape :  Upon  Sight  whereof  this 

*  Examinant   afked   the   faid  Mr.  OJbourne,  If  his 
'  Majefty  fhould  efcape,  whither  he  would  then  go? 

*  To  which  the  faid  Mr.  OJbourne  made  Anfwer, 
'  That  his  Majefty  would  go  to  his  Parliament: 
'  And  thereupon  this  Examinant  yielded,  and  pra- 

*  mifed  to  join  with  the  faid  Mr.  OJbourne,  as  was 

*  by  him  propounded,   and  by  his  Majefty  defired  : 
'  But  this  Examinant,  not  daring  to  keep  the  faid 

*  Note,  did  prefently  burn  the  fame.     And  after- 
'  wards   this  Examinant,   upon   Conference,   from 

*  Time  to  Time,  with  the  faid  Mr.  OJbourne,  and 

*  in  purfuance  of  their  faid  Agreement  in  that  Be- 
«  half,   dealt  with   one  Tillius,  one  Wenfcall*  and 
«  Lloyd,  and  alfo  with  one  Feather/lone,  Soldiers  at 
6  Cart/brook^  for  Rewards  to  them  given,   and  pro- 

*  mifed  to  be  given,  that  they  (hould  be  afiiftant  to 

*  the  faid  Mr.  OJbourne  and  the  faid  Examinant,  to- 

'  wards 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       359 

6  wards  his  Majefty's  intended  Efcape  ;  which  they  An.  iz.  Ca 

*  promifed  to  be,  and  Sunday  Night,   the  28th  of        l66°- 

*  May  Jaft,    was  agreed  for  the  Accompliftiment  ^  ~*^ 
f    L          c  June. 

*  thereof. 

*  The  Manner  thereof  fhould  have  been  thus : 

*  The  King  was  to  be  furnifhed  with  a  Cord  by  the 

*  faid  Mr.  Ofbourne,  and  with  the  fame  his  Majefty, 

*  by  himfelf  alone,   was  to  come  down  out  of  his 

*  Chamber-Window  within  the  faid  Caftle,  in  the 
c  Dark  of  the  Night,  and   was  then  forthwith  to 
4  walk  on  to  the  new  Platform  in  the  faid  Caftle  j 
c  from  thence  he  was  to  get  down  by  another  Cord, 

*  which  this  Examinant  had  provided,  to  be  deli- 

*  vered  to  the  faid  Lloyd,  who  was  therewith  to  help 
'  the  King  in  his  getting  down  from  the  faid  Platform; 

*  from  which  Place  his  Alajefty  being  once  gotten 
'down,   he  might,  without  farther  Help  of  Cords, 

*  pafs  well  enough  to  a  Place  where  Mr.  Edward 

*  IVorfley,  an  Inhabitant  of  the  faid  Ifland,  privy  and 

*  confenting  to  the  faid  intended  Efcape,  was  to  at- 
'  tend  with  Horfes  for  his  Majefty,  and  that  his 
'  Majefty,  being  got  on  Horfeback,  fhould,  from 

*  that  Place,  ride  about  three  Miles  and  an  half  from 
c  the  faid  Caftle,  to  the  Sea,  where  the  faid  Mr. 
c  OJbournc  was  to  attend  with  a  Boat,  ready  to  re- 

*  ceive  and  carry  off  his  Majefty. 

*  This  Examinant  further  fayeth,  That  about  three 

*  Hours  before  the  Time  that  his  Majefty  was  to 

*  efcape,  it  did  plainly  appear  to  this  Examinant, 

*  that  the  faid  Plot  for  his  Majefty's  Efcape  was  dif- 

*  covered  ;  whereupon  this  Examinant,  without  de- 
'  livering  any  Cord  to  the  faid  Lloyd,  went  to  Bed  in 
'  his  Chamber  in  the  Caftle,  and  about  an  Hour  and 

*  a  half  after  the  faid  Col.  Hammond,  the  Governor, 
'  and  the  faid  Capt.  Ralph,  with  others,   came  into 
'  this  Examinant's  Chamber,  where  they  found  him 

*  then  in  his  Bed,  and  the  faid  Governor  ufed  then 
'  forthwith  to  this  Examinant  Words  to  this  Eftccl, 
'  viz.  Oh !   Sir,  you  are   in  Bed,  you  are  he   that 

*  Jhould  have  helped  to  convey  away  the  King  To-night l, 
'  with  many  other  Speeches,     And  this  Examinant 

4  was 

An.  12.  Car.  II. 


360     ^he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

was  forthwith  commanded  to  rile  and  make  him- 
felf  ready ;  which  he  did,  and  from  thenceforth 
was  confined  to  his  faid  Chamber,  and  a  Guard 
of  Mufkeceers  let  upon  him  by  Command  of  the 
faid  Governor. 

'  This  Examinant  alfo  fayeth,  That,  about  three 
Days  after,  the  faid  Ralph  came  again  to  his 
Chamber,  and  then  and  there,  in  a  tearing  Man- 
ner, afked  this  Examinant,  Why  the  King  came 
not  do'.vn  according  to  his  Appointment?  To 
which  this  Examinant  anfwered,  Becaufe  you  pre- 
vented him.  Whereupon  the  faid  Ralph,  with 
great  Indignation  and  Fury,  faid,  He  waited  almoft 
three  Hours  under  the  new  Platfoim  with  a  good 
Piftol,  ready  charged,  to  receive  him  if  he  had 

After  the  Reading  of  thofe  Letters,  Major  Ralph 
was  afked,  What  he  could  fay  to  quit  himfelf  of  this 
horrid  Offence  of  confpiring  the  late  King's  Death, 
at  Cart/brook •  Gajtte  ?  He  denied  himfelf  to  be  guilty 
of  any  fuch  Deiign  a^  to  make  away  with  the  King 
at  the  faid  Caftle  ;  that  he  was  for  that  Bufmefs  tried 
at  Wincbefter  Affixes,  by  Order  of  both  Houfes  of 
Parliament,  and  was  there  acquitted  by  the  Grand- 
Jury  ;  and  that  he  had  laid  hold  upon  the  King's 
gracious  Offer  of  Pardon  in  his  Declaration. 

The  Lords  on  this  ordered,  That  the  Bufmefs 
concerning  Ralph  be  recommended  to  the  Judges, 
to  confider  and  "date  this  Affair,  and  report  it  to  the 
Houfe,  that  their  Lordmips  may  fee  whether  there 
be  Ground  furficient  to  except  the  faid  Ralph  from 
his  Majefty's  gracious  Offer  of  Pardon:  In  the  mean 
Time,  that  he  be  committed  to  Newgate ^  till  the 
further  Pleafuie  of  the  Houfe  be  known. 

'June  15.  This  Day  the  Lords  had  another  Cafe 
before  them,  fomewhatof  the  likeKind  as  the  former, 
but  whu  h  concerned  a  Member  of  their  own  Houfe; 
The  Earl  oi Pembroke^  from  theCommittee  for  Privi- 
leges, reported,  That  it  was  their  Opinion  the  Lord 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       361 

Vifc.   Purbeck  fhouid  be  fecured  by  Order  of  the  An.  12.  Car.  H. 
Houfe,  fortreafonahle  Words  alledged  and  offered  to        l66°*       "* 
be  proved  againft  him ;  for  that  the  Earl  of  Monmouthy    *— 7^""""^ 
upon  his  Honour,  averred,  That  he  heard  the  laid        •'un< 
Lord  Purbeck  fay,  *•  That  rather  than  the  late  King 
fhouid  want  one  to  cut  off  his  Head,  he  would  do  itThe  Lord  v;j. 
himfelf."     The  faid  Earl  alfo  delivered  in  a  Paper  to Purkck  Kcuki 
the  Houfe,  containing  blafphemcus  Words.     Upon  for  ueafonable 
this  Information,  the  Lords  ordered  the  Gentleman-  Words>  ^« 
Ufher,  attending  the  Houfe,  forthwith  to  take  the 
faid  Lord  Vifcount  Purbeck  into  Cuftody,  and  then 
bring  him  to  the  Houfe,  to  anfwer  an  Information 
of  High-Treafon,    and  other  high  Mifdemeanors 
againft  him. 

The  very  next  Day  the  Gentleman-Ufher  ac- 
quainting the  Houfe,  That  he  had  attached  the  Lord 
Vifc.  Purbeck^  according  to  the  Order  of  Yefterday, 
the  Houfe  took  into  Conlideration  how  he  fhouid  be 
called  in,  and  the  Houfe  ordered  that  he  {hould  come 
into  his  Place  as  a  Peer,  and  hear  the  Information 
read  againft  him  ;  but  the  Gentleman-Ufher  inform- 
ing the  Houfe,  That  the  faid  Vifcount  Purbeck  told 
him,  That  he  had  neither  Writ  nor  Patent  to  be  a 
Peer  ;  and  therefore  knew  no  Place  he  had  here  in 
this  Houfe,  but  was  now  a  Member  of  the  Houfe 
of  Commons  ;  and  therefore  he  would  not  come : 
Hereupon  this  Houfe,  conceiving  this  Anfwer  and  Re- 
fufal  to  be  a  Contempt  to  this  Houfe,  ordered,  That 
he  fhouid  be  brought  to  the  Bar  as  a  Delinquent ; 
and  accordingly  he  was  brought  in,  and  kneel'd  at 
the  Bar  as  a  Delinquent,  untill,  by  Order  of  the 
Houfe,  he  was  commanded  to  ftand  up ;  then  the 
Information  was  read  to  him,  viz. 

1.  The  Information  of  the  Earl  of  Monmoutb, 
who  heard  the  faid  Vifcount  Purbeck  fay,  «  Thatra- 
ther  than  the  late  King  {hould  want  one  to  cut  oft 
his  Head,  he,  the  faid  Vifcount  Purbeck ,  would  do 
it  himfelf.' 

2.  The  Information  of  the  Lord  Petre,  who,  at 
the  pretended  High  Court  of  Juftice  upon  the  late 
King,  did  hear  the  Lord  Vifcount  Purbeck  fay  to 


362     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  12.  Effe£t,  *  That  Bradjbaw  was  a  gallant  Man,  the 
1660.        Preferver  of  our  Liberties  ;  and  that  the  faid  Lord 
*~~?£~^  Vifcount  Purged  hoped   that  Bradjbaw  would  do 
Juftice  upon  the  Tyrant,  fpeaking  of  the  late  King. 

3.  An  Information  that  the  faid  Vifcount  Pur- 
leck  mould  fay,    in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,    in 
Richard's  Convention,  ftanding  near  the  Speaker's 
Right  Hand,  '  Mr.  Speaker,  I  wonder  that  I  fhould 
be  accufed  of  being  a  Cavalier,  or  bearing  Arms  for 
Charles  Stuart ,  which  I  never  did  ;  for  I  proteft  I 
fo  much  hated  him,    and  his  Caufe,  that,   becaufe 
thofe  of  the  Name  of  Villars  did  fide  with  him,  and 
aflift  him,   therefore  I  hated  tha't  Name  alfo,  and 
changed  it  for  Danvers. 

4.  The  Information  of  John  Harris,  That,  on 
Monday,  December  17,  1649,  young  Robert  Pillars, 
Son  to  Vifcount  Purbeck,  came  in  the  Afternoon  to 
the  Earl  of  Monmoutb's  Houfe,  being  then  in  Quecn- 

Jlreet,  London,  and,  among  other  atheiftical  Speeches, 
wherein  he  denied  the  Immortality  of  the  Soul,  and 
fcoffed  at  Judgment  to  come,  he  afk'd  the  Lady  Phi- 
ladelphia Wharton  what  fhe  fear'd  ?  That  fhe  had  read 
of  the  Three-headed  Dog  Cerberus,  and  was  afraid 
he  would  bite  her.  He  alfo,  with  blafphemousWords, 
dared  God  to  maintain  his  own  Quarrel;  afking  her, 
fuppofing  fhe  were  fhut  up  in  a  Sheet  of  Lead,  only 
a  little  Hole  left  againft  her  Mouth  to  breathe  at,  if 
that  Hole  was  fuddenly  foldcred  up,  whither  her 
Soul  would  go  \  LaJlly,  He  fcoffingly  faid,  That 
God  was  a  good  old  Man,  and  troubled  himfelf  with 
little,  &c.  but  he  had  a  Son  that  was  a  dapper 
young  Man,  that  was  likely  to  beftir  himfelf,  £sV.' 
Thefe  being  read,  the  Lord  Vifcount  Purbeck  de- 
fired  to  know  whether  he  might  have  Liberty  to 
fpeak,  which  the  Houfe  granted,  and  then  he  faid, 
He  valued  the  Honour  of  this  Houfe  very  much,  but 
he  hath  no  Right  himfelf  to  this  Honour  of  a  Peer, 
becaufe  he  can  find  no  Patent  for  any  fuch  Honour, 
in  the  Petty-Bag  Office,  nor  any  Writ :  He  faid 
further,  He  petitioned  the  King  to  give  him  Leave 
to  levy  a  Fine  to  clear  him  of  any  Title  to  that 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       363 

Honour,    and  his  Majefty  hath  made  an  Order 
the   Attorney-General  for  that   Purpofe,    and   the        l66°- 
Reafons,  he  faid,  to  induce  him  to  this,  were,  »—-v— -^. 

1.  This  Honour  was  but  a  Shadow  without  a        Jun' 

2.  His  fmall  Eftate  was  unfit  to  maintain  any 
fuch  Honour. 

3.  That  Noble  Family  he  came  of  never  owned 
him,  neither  hath  he  any  Eftate  from  them. 

As  touching  the  Information  now  againft  him,  he 
faid,  He  is  chofen  a  Member  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons, to  ferve  there  this  Parliament,  and  being  fo, 
he  did  not  know  whether  he  {hould  anfwer  or  no ; 
but  appealed  to  their  Lordftiips,  whether  he  is  to  be 
tried  here  by  their  Lordftiips  or  no. 

Hereupon  the  Houfe  commanded  him  to  with- 
draw; and  the  Lords,  upon  Confideration  what 
the  Lord  Vifcount  Purbeck  had  faid,  the  Speaker  of 
their  Houfe  was  directed  to  tell  him,  That  the  Lords 
were  not  fatisfied  with  his  Plea,  but  expected  he 
{hould  make  further  Anfwer  ;  and  he  beinsr  called  in 
again  as  before,  the  Speaker  told  him  the  Refolution 
of  the  Houfe  as  aforefaid  ;  and  then  he  defired  he 
might  have  a  Copy  of  his  Charge. 

Then  the  Houfe  commanded  his  Lordfhip  to  with- 
draw again,  and  their  Lordftiips,  advifmg  upon  the 
Anfwer,  ordered,  That  he  fhould  be  called  in  again, 
and  told  by  the  Speaker,  That  what  was  now  read 
unto  him  was  but  an  Information,  and  no  Charge  ; 
and  the  Houfe  does  not  think  fit  to  give  him  a  Copy  ; 
but  expects  he  (hould  anfwer  the  Information. 

Unto  which  his  Lordfhip  replied,  That  he  defired 
Leave  to  advife  with  his  Counfel  whether  he  fhould 
anfwer,  and  he  did  not  know,  in  regard  he  is  a  Mem- 
ber of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  whether  he  mi^ht 
anfwer.  After  this  he  was  commanded  again  to 
withdraw;  and  then  the  Houfe  ordered,  That  the 
faid  Vifcount  Purbeck  fhould  remain  in  theCuftody 
of  the  Gentleman- Ufher  of  the  Black  Rod,  untill 
the  Pleafureof  this  Houfe  be  further  fignified. 

A  few  Days  after  the  Lords  made  another  Order 
on  this  Bufinefs,  That  the  feveral  Informations,  and 


364     ^fhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12,  Car.  II.  Kkewife  thePaper  of  Precedents  read,  concerning  the 

1660.         Lord  Vifcount  Purbeck^  be  delivered  to  the  King's 

C-'-V"1*^  Attorney -General,    and   the  King's  other  learned 

June*        Counfel,  to  make  a  State  of  this  Cafe  to  the  Houfe, 

that  fo  their  Lordfhips  might  give  further  Directions 

concerning  this  Bulinefs. 

The  Lords  for  feveral  Days  after  this  had  nothing 
remarkable  before  them  fit  for  our  Purpofe  ;  Orders 
to  prevent  cutting  down  Woods  and  other  Waftes  in 
the  King's  Parks,  Manors,  Chaces,  &c.  as  well  as 
in  the  Eftates  of  the  Nobility  j  taking  off  Sequeftra- 
tions,  receiving  and  reading  a  great  Number  of  Pe- 
titions from  private  Perfons,  and  others,  forRedrefs 
of  the  Grievances  they  had  fuffered  during  the  Ufur- 
pation,  being  all  their  chief  Bufmefs  :  We  fhall 
leave  them  therefore,  and  return  to  the  Commons ; 

Who  this  Day,  June  19,  thought  it  highly  proper 
that  the  Thanks  of  the  Houfe  fhould  be  given  to  the 
Lord-Admiral,  Edward  Montagu,  in  the  Name  of 
themfelves,  and  of  all  the  Commons  of  England,  for 
his  great  and  eminent  Services  to  his  Majefty  and  the 
Kingdom.  The  Admiral  ftanding  up  in  his  Place, 
the  Speaker  addrefTed  himfelf  to  him  in  thele  Words : 

f  My  Lord,  If  you  pleafe  tocaft  your  Eyes  about 
you,  you  may  read  in  our  chearful  Faces,  our  thank- 
ful Hearts  ;  which  do  indeed  exprefs  your  Praifes, 
more  than  ten  thoufand  Tongues  can  poffibly  do. 
God  hath  done  you  the  Honour  to  be  the  Convey- 
ancer of  the  greateft  Bleflings  that  ever  this  Nation 
received  :  You  have  landed  our  Sovereign  upon  the 
fafeft  Shore  that  ever  Englijh  King  fet  his  Foot  on, 
the  Hearts  of  his  People. 

'  The  Houfe  have  therefore  ordered  this  eminent 
and  tranfcendent  Service  to  be  recorded  in  their 
'Journal,  there  to  remain  for  your  Honour  as  long  as 
the  World  endures.  Indeed,  no  Meafure  of  Thanks 
is  proportionable  to  the  Meafure  of  your  Merit,  but 
the  Thanks  of  this  Houfe  ;  and  therefore  I  am  com- 
manded, and  I  do,  in  the  Name  of  this  Houfe,  and 
in  the  Name  of  all  thofe  whom  they  reprefent,  the 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       365 

Commons  of  England,  give  you 
Thanks/  »66°- 

A  Day  or  two  after  this,  the  Lord -General  Monke    ^-"~vr"*"^ 
flood  up  in  his  Place,  and  acquainted  the  Houfe,        ^u  y* 
That  the  King,  by  Patent,  had  called  him  up  to  the 
Houfe  of  Peers  ;  and  gave  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
Thanks  for  the  many  ieveral  Favours  he  had  recei- 
ved from  them. 

After  this  the  Commons  went  on  for  fome  Days 
with  regulating  Elections ;  perfecting  the  Bill  of 
general  Pardon ;  raifmg  Money ;  and  putting  the 
Queen  Dowager  into  Pofleffion  of  her  Jointure  and 
Ertate,  and  fending  her  20,000  /.  for  her  prefent  Oc- 
cafions,  with  other  Matters  ;  but  none  remarkable 
enough  for  the  Courfe  of  this  Hiftory. 

July  2.  The  Bufmefs  of  raifmg  Money  for  the 
prefent  Exigencies  of  the  State  came  nrft  on  the 
Carpet,  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  the  Beginning 
of  this  Month  ;  which  our  Manufcript  Diary  tells 
us  was  firft  moved  for  by  Mr.  Secretary  Morrice^ 
in  an  excellent  Speech  for  that  Purpofe.  This  Mo- 
tion was  feconded  by  Mr.  Stevens  and  Mr.  Annef- 
ley,  who  were  for  doing  of  it  fpeedily.  But  Sir  Wil- 
liam Lewis  argued,  That  it  was  beft  to  proceed  with 
the  A6t  of  Indemnity  firft,  that  People  might  be 
more  ready  to  pay.  Sir  John  Northcot  fpoke  on 
the  fame  Side,  as  did  alfo  Mr.  Prynne  and  Mr. 
Knightley.  However,  Lord  Falkland,  fpeaking  in 
Behalf  of  the  firft  Motion,  which  was  to  raife  Mo- 
ney fpeedily  to  pay  the  Debts  of  the  Nation ;  and  Mr. 
Piere point  faying,  That  the  Charge  of  the  Army  and 
Navy,  and  the  Intereft,  came  to  6000  /.  a  Day ; 
that  it  was  inconfiftent  for  an  Army  and  Parliament 
to  fubfift  together,  and  that  the  Trained-Bands  were 
fufficient:  To  all  which,  Col.  Birch  adding,  That 
the  People's  Liberties  were  not  fafe  with  fuch  an 
Army ;  that,  though  he  was  a  Member  of  it  him- 
felf,  yet  he  moved  it  might  be  paid  off;  and  laid, 
that  260,000 /.  would  difband  ten  Regiments  of 
Foot ;  the  Houfe  agreed  to  fet  afide  every  Tuffday, 
Thttrfday,  and  Saturday,  to  go  upon  Means  to  raife 
Money  ifor  that  Purpofe.  j 

366     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  ia.  Car.  II.  The  fame  Day  the  Houfe  went  upon  the  A&  of 
Indemnity  ;  in  which  a  ftrong  Debate  and  a  Divi- 
fion  upon  it  enfued,  fcarce  mentioned  in  thejourna!s9 
but  which  we  give  from  the  Authority  of  our  Manu- 
Pebate  on  the  ^'P1  Diary.  There  had  been  many  Provifoes  offered 
Bill  of  indem-  totheHoufe,  in  the  Courfe  of  this  Bill,  fome  of  which 
Bi-y-  were  taken,  and  others  rejected.  But,  this  Day,  a 

Provifo  was  put  into  the  Houfe  by  fome  unknown 
Member,  to  be  added  to  the  Bill ;  which  was,  to  dif- 
able  all  the  Perfons  of  the  High  Court  of  Juftice  ; 
all  Decimators,  Major-Generals,  Abjurors,  and  all 
thofe  that  petitioned  againft  the  King.  Hereupon  a 
hot  Debate  began  ;  Mr.  Annejley  moved  to  have  it 
thrown  out,  which  was  feconded  by  Sir  John  Northed; 
Mr.  Goodrick  to  throw  it  out,  faying,  It  was  as  dan- 
gerous as  a  Hand-Granado  in  a  Barrel  of  Gunpow- 
der. Sir  Henry  Finch  for  throwing  it  out  j  faying, 
It  did  include  all  Men.  Sir  Thomas  Clarges  for  the 
fame,  adding,  That  it  was  a  moft  dangerous  Thing, 
and  an  Indulgence  not  to  inquire  who  brought  it  in, 
for  he  deferved  to  be  called  to  the  Bar. 

On  the  other  Side,  there  were  feveral  Members 
who  fpoke  for  the  whole  Provifo,  and  others  to  mi- 
tigate and  take  Part.  Mr.  Prynne  was  for  the  whole, 
feconded  by  Mr.  Charlton,  who  added,  That  he 
who  faid  the  Perfon  who  brought  it  in  deferved  to 
be  called  to  the  Bar,  deferved  it  himfelf ;  and  moved 
againft  thofe  that  petitioned  againft  the  King,  or  fat 
in  Parliament  in  the  Years  1647  anc^  4^>  an(^  in  trie 
High  Court  of  Juftice  :  Alfo  againft  all  thofe  who 
were  the  Contrivers  of  the  Inftrument  of  Govern- 
ment, thofe  that  were  Impofers  of  Taxes  under  Oli- 
ver,  Major-Generals,  and  Decimators ;  adding, 
That  though  he  never  preffed  the  Death  of  any  Man, 
yet,  to  fecure  the  future  Peace  of  the  Nation,  he 
could  net  be  filent.  Col.  King  was  likcwife  for  re- 
ceiving the  Provifo  ;  faying,  It  was  not  Prudence  to 
fet  up  thofe  in  Power  that  now  lay  under  their  Feet ; 
nor  that  any  in  the  Houfe,  who  were  guilty  of  fuch 
Crimes,  fhould  plead  their  own  Caufes. 

The  Mitigators  were,  firft,  Sir  Henry  Cholmley^ 
who  moved  to  take  in  the  Provifo  in  Part.  Mr.  Tre- 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       367 

lany  was  only  againft  Major-Generals  and  Decima-  An.  12.  Car.  II. 
tors.  Mr.  Palmer  againft  all  Abjurors,  Major-Ge-        l66°* 
nerals,  and  High  Court  of  Juftice  Men.  Sir  William    *"-"r\~^' 
D'OHey  was  for  referring  the  Provifo  to  a  Committee.         Ju  y 
Mr.  Knight  urged,  That  the  Provifo  was  too  large 
and  not  to  be  mended.     Sir  Thomas  Meeres  to  amend 
it,  if  poflible  ;  but  he  feared  it  was  impoffible.     But 
Serjeant  Hales,  being  for  reje&ing  the  whole  Provifo, 
argued,  That  it  was  contrary  to  the  King's  Defire, 
and  even  the  A&  itfelf,  which  excepted  but  twenty 
Perfons  for  Pains  and  Penalties  ;  and  therefore  mo- 
ved, in  order  to  cement  all  Differences,  to  reject  it. 
And  Mr.  Young  faying,  That  though  he  was  not 
concerned  in  the  Provifo,  yet  he  was  againft  it,  be- 
caufe  it  was  againft  the  King's  Defire.    Mr.  Thomas 
concluding,  That  this  ought  to  be  laid  afide,  and  to 
take  another  fomething  like  it.      At  laft,    upon  the 
Queftion,  the  Provifo  was  ordered  to  be  laid  afide. 

But  this  Debate  begot  another,  though  a  much 
fhorter  one  ;  for  Col.  White  immediately  moved  the 
Houfe,  That  any  Provifo  brought  in,  read,  and  no- 
body owning  it,  might  be  laid  afide.  This  was  fe- 
conded  by  Col.  Shapcot  and  Sir  George  Booth.  Mr. 
Knightley  was  for  owning  of  it  the  firft  Time  of 
reading  it ;  Mr.  Stevens,  to  fubfcribe  their  Names  ; 
Mr.  Trelany,  to  caft  it  out  the  firft  Reading,  if  none 
fpoke  to  it ;  and  though  Mr.  Char/ton  argued,  That 
if  the  Gentleman  that  brought  in  the  Provifo  be  out 
of  the  Houfe,  and  no  one  fpeak  to  it,  then  to  reje6t 
it,  yet  no  Order  was  made  on  this  Motion,  fays  our 
Diary,  nor  is  any  fuch  Thing  in  the  Journals. 

July  3.  This  Day  the  Commons  read  a  third 
Time,  and  paffed,  a  Bill,  intituled,  An  A  SI  for  the 
Confirmation  and  future  Prefervation  of  the  Privi- 
leges of  Parliament,  and  of  the  Fundamental  Laws 
made  for  Confervation  of  the  Lives  and  Liberties  of 
the  Subjett ;  and  ordered  Mr.  Prynne  to  carry  it  up 
to  the  Lords. 

The  Commons  had  been  fome  Time  on  a  Poll 
Bill,  in  which  they  this  Day  made  fome  Progrefs ; 
and  a  Claufe  being  offered  for  Jnfertion  in  this  Bill, 


3 68     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  J2.  Car.  II.  Whether  to  impofe  this  Tax  in  Proportion  to  Titles 
l66°*  and  Eftates,  on  a  Divifion,  it  patted  by  a  Majority  of 

^"""T^  ^  129  to  104,  and  the  Members  for  the  leveral  Coun- 
ties,  Cities,  Borousris,  &c.  were  ordered  to  bring  in 
Names  for  being  Commiffioners  to  this  Bill ;  but 
that  no  Decimators,  High  Court  of  Juftice  Men, 
Abjurors,  &c.  fhould  be  of  the  Number. 

July  4.  A  Debate  happened  in  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  this  Day,  not  at  all  mentioned  in  their 
'Journals^  but  which  is  in  our  Diary.  It  feems  fome 
Orders  of  the  Lords  bein^:.  read,  and  one  which  was 
to  ftay  all  Profits  for  the  ejecled  Minifters,  in  the 
Hands  of  the  Churchwardens,  Mr.  Eamfield  flood 
up  and  produced  feveral  Orders  ot  the  Lords  like- 
wife  againft  Laymen  ;  wherein,  he  faid,  the  Lords 
took  upon  them  to  order  their  Clerk  to  receive  Pe- 
titions himfelf,  and  grant  Oiders  upon  them;  which 
was  contrary  to  their  Privilege.  He  particularly 
mentioned  Mr.  Pitt's  Cafe,  a  Member  of  this 
Houfe,  in  which  the  Lords  made  an  Order  to  ftay 
him  from  cutting  Wood  upon  Ludlow-CaJlle  Lands, 
which  now  belongs  to  his  Lady.  Col.  Shapcot 
moved  for  a  Committee  to  confider  of  this  Cafe, 
which  was  feconded  by  Sir  Anthony  Irby  and  Mr. 
Knightley ;  which  laft  Gentleman  faid,  That  the 
Minifters  came  into  their  Livings  without  any  Or- 
der. Mr.  Annejley  was  alfo  for  a  Committee,  fay- 
ing, That  Mr.  Pitt's  Cafe  was  a  e;reat  Breach  of 
Privilege  ;  and  their  Order  to  their  Clerk  the  great- 
eft  Reflection  that  could  be  on  their  own  ilonours 
and  Judgments  :  On  which  a  Committee  of  Inquiry 
into  this  Cafe  was  appointed. 

The  fame  Day  the  Houfe  of  Commons  refuming 
the  Affair  of  the  Bill  of  Indemnity,  another  Provifo 
was  offered;  the  Debate  on  which,  tho'  but  flightly 
Debate  conti-  mentioned  in  the  Journals,  was  ftronger  than  any 
we  have  yet  met  with ;  lafting,  as  our  Manufcript 
fays,  above  two  Hours.  Col.  Jones  fpoke  firft,  very 
ftrongly,  to  it,  in  every  Particular.  This  Provifo 
was  to  caufe  all  Officers,  during  the  Protectorate,  to 
refund  their  Salaries.  Particularly  aimed  againft 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        369 

Mr.  Prideaux  for  the  Poft-Office  j  likewife  againftAn.iz.  Car.  II. 
the  High  Court  of  Juftice  Men,  the  Council  and        l66o> 
Committee  of  Safety,  Commiffioners  for  Excife  and   ^^7V^"^ 
Cuftoms,  the  Truftees  for  King  and  Queen's  Lands,        Ju  y 
Dean  and  Chapter's  Commiffioners,  with  all  thofe 
that  were  Commiffioners  of  Sequeftrations,  or  con- 
cerned in  the  Prize-Office. 

This  Motion  was  fcconded  by  Mr.  Prynne,  in  all 
its  Articles;  who  faid  alfo,  That  he  knew  thofe 
Perfons  had  received  above  250,0007.  for  their 
iniquitous  Doings,  and  therefore  moved  that  they 
might  be  made  to  refund  it.  Col.  King  (poke  on 
the  fame  Side  very  warmly,  faying,  amongft  other 
Things,  It  was  fit  fuch  Spunges  fliould  be  fqueezed. 

But  this  Motion  for  refunding  met  with  a  very 
warm  Repulfe,  as  might  be  well  expected,  fmce 
there  were  too  many  Members  of  that  Houfe  con- 
cerned in  this  Inquiry,  to  fuffer  fuch  a  Provifo  to 
pafs.  Sir  Thomas  Widdrington,  our  Manufcript  fays, 
was  the  firft  who  pleaded  ftrongly  againft  it;  a  Man 
whofe  Hiftory  thefe  Memoirs  are  full  of;  and  he 
ended  his  Arguments  by  faying,  That  if  he  was  in- 
cluded in  the  Provifo,  he  had  much  better  have  been 
wholly  excluded  the  Act.  Sir  Heneage  Finch  faid, 
That  moft  of  thefe  Complaints  were  already  named 
in  the  Act,  and  particularly  Accountants  excepted, 
but  not  their  Heirs,  which  this  Provifo  would  in- 
clude. Mr.  Stevens,  That  thofe  were  not  Ac- 
countants, but  might  be  included  in  the  Provifo, 
notwithftanding  the  Act,  if  fome  little  Amendments 
were  made  in  it.  Mr.  Char/ton  faid,  The  Provifo 
might  be  amended,  and  moved  that  it  might  ftand. 
Sir  William  D'Oiley  was  alfo  for  receiving  the  Pro- 
vifo, but  to  refer  it  to  two  or  three  Perfons  to  word 
it  better,  and  to  leave  out  the  Judges.  Some  other 
Members,  Sir  Thomas  Meeres^  Mr.  Palmer^  &c. 
fpoke  for  the  Provifo  ;  but  all  ineffectual : 

For  feveral  Members  fpeaking  on  the  other  Side 
of  the  Queftion,  as  Sir  Thomas  Clarges,  Mr.  Toung9 
Serjeant  Littleton^  Mr.  Bodardo,  and  Mr.  Brifcoe^ 
who  faid,  Such  Rigour  would  confound  Men,  where- 
as Mercy  would  convert  them.  To  which  Mr. 
VOL.  XXII.  A  a  Good-, 

3/o     The  "Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.**.  Car. II. Goodrick,  on  the  fame,  argued,  That  the  Refunding 
1660.  would  be  to  fome  a  greater  Punifliment,  than  to  be 
I"*-""*""1  "^  one  of  the  twenty  excepted  Perfons  ;  and  that  all  the 
Soldiers  were  included  :  And,  laftly,  Sir  Anthony 
AJhley  Cooper  clofed  the  Debate,  with  'faying,  He 
might  freely  fpeak,  becaufe  he  never  received  any 
Salary ;  but  he  looked  upon  the  Provifo  as  danger- 
ous to  the  Peace  of  the  Nation  ;  adding,  That  it 
reached  General  Monke  and  Admiral  Montagu, 
after  the  Houfe  had  given  them  Thanks,  and  Thou- 
fands  befides.  On  all  which  the  Queftion  being 
called  and  put,  Whether  the  Provifo  mould  ftand  or 
be  laid  afide,  the  Houfe  divided,  when  the  Num- 
bers were,  for  (landing,  151,  for  the  latter,  181. 
A  very  large  Houfe,  and  fliews  of  what  Importance 
the  Subje£t  in  Debate  was  to  many  at  that  Time. 

The  fume  Day  another  Provifo  was  offered  to  the 
Bill ;  which  was  to  enable  Perfons  to  bring  Actions 
for  Recovery  of  Damages  againft  Perfons  that  im- 
prifoned  the  Members  in  December ,  1648;  except 
iuch  Perfons  as  were,  the  agth  of  May  laft,  Mem- 
bers of  the  Army ;  but,  on  the  Queftion,  this  was 
foon  rejected. 

The  laft  Provifo  offered  this  Day,  was  againft 
fuch  as  (hall  not  take  the  Oaths  of  Allegiance  and 
Supremacy;  to  which  Mr.  Turner  added,  or  fhall 
refufe  them.  A  great  Debate  followed  on  this  alfo, 
many  Members  fpeaking  for  and  againft  this  Pro- 
vifo. The  moft  remarkable  on  each  Side  were 
thefe  :  Mr.  Trevor,  in  Behalf  of  the  Papifts,  faid 
'Twas  not  fit  to  make  an  Oath  the  Price  of  a  Par- 
don. Mr.  Bamfield  was  for  not  impofing  the  Oaths 
ib  rigoroufly ;  for  then,  he  faid,  they  would  force 
Perfons,  for  faving  their  Lives  and  Eftates,  to  damn 
their  Souls.  Mr.  Knight  moved  to  leave  out  the 
Oath  of  Supremacy,  and  then  none  would  ftick  at 
the  other.  Mr.  Holies  moved  to  confider  more  of 
this  Motion,  and  to  be  very  tender  in  impofing 
Oaths ;  afking,  Whether  this  was  intended  to  deftroy 
all  Catholics,  which  it  would  infallibly  do;  that  he 
was  as  much  againft  Papifts  as  any  Man,  but  thought 
this  Provifo  was  better  laid  afide.  There  were 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       371 

hiany  Advocates  for  the  Motion;  on  which  Side  An.  12.  Car.  it*- 
Sir  William  Morrice  fpeaking,  faid,  There  feemed        l66°- 
to  be  fomething  lay  hid  in  the  Oppofition  to  it:    ' 'fV"""'' 
Which  Words  Mr.  Holies  took  Exception  at,  be-         Ju  y* 
caufe  he  had  fpoken  againft' it.    On  the  whole,  this 
Provifo  was  laid  afide,  or  rather  rejected,  without 
calling  for  the  Queftion ;  which   probably  is   the 
Reafon  that  theie  is  no  Entry  made  of  it  in  the 

July  6.  A  Bill  for  the  Settlement  and  Mainte-  Debate  on  Reli- 
nance  of  the  true  Reformed  Proteftant  Religion,  andsion> 
for  the  Suppreflion  of  Popery,  Superftition,  Profane- 
iiefs,  and  other  Diforders  and  Innovations,  in  Wor- 
ihip  and  Ceremonies,  was  this  Day  read  a  fecond 
Time.  Several  Members  fpoke  to  have  the  Bill 
committed ;  others  went  further,  which  was  to  call  a 
National  Synod  at  the  fame  Time;  but  this  was  the 
Prefbyterian  Religion  that  was  to  be  eftabliftied,  not 
one  Member  fpeaking  for  the  Epifcopal,  excepting 
Mr.  Throgmorton,  who  faid,  He  would  not  be  for  a 
Prefbyterian  Government,  becauie  he  had  taken  the 
Oaths  of  Allegiance  and  Supremacy.  He  urged, 
That  Buchanan  and  Knox  had  both  wrote  againft 
Kings,  if  they  govern 'd  not  well,  and  faid,  NoBifoop9 
no  King.  But  the  Conclufion  was,  That  the  Bill 
fhould  be  referred  to  a  Grand  Committee  of  the 
whole  Houfe,  who  were  to  fit  every  Monday  on  this 
fpecial  Affair. 

The  fame  Day  another  warm  Debate  happened  On  the  Bill  of 
on  a  Provifo  offered  to  the  Bill  of  Indemnity,  which  indemnity  again, 
was,  To  queftion  any  Attorney,  or  Sollicitor,  that 
a6led  for  the  Protector,  or  in  any  High  Court  of 
Juftice.  This  was  fuft  fpoken  to  by  Mr.  Prynne9 
who  was  for  queftioning  them,  and  then  to  leave 
them  to  the  Law  for  Recovery  of  Damages.  This 
Motion  was  feconded  by  Sir  Robert  Brook ;  but 
after  him  feveral  Members  fpoke  againft  this  Pro- 
vifo to  have  it  laid  afule  ;  till  Mr.  Char/ton  moved 
not  to  reject  it,  but  to  amend  it ;  and  particularly 
moved  againft  one  Mr.  Ellis,  who  was  Sollicitor  at 
Dr.  Hewitt's  Trial.  Col.  Sbapcot  fpoke  againft 
A  a  2  the 

372     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  II.  the  Provifo,  and  in  Favour  of  the  Sollicitor,  and 
1660.  faft^  j}r  £fewjtt  did  not  refer  himfelf  in  Time  to 

W*-Tj~l  ^  tlie  Court ;  for  Sentence  being  once  given,  the 
Sollicitor  told  the  Doctor  the  Court  could  not  hear 
him  then  :  To  which  Mr.  Raynesford  anfwered, 
in  Behalf  of  the  Sollicitor,  That  he  never  fat  in 
Court  but  one  Day,  and  never  faid  any  fuch  Word 
as  was  laid  to  his  Charge.  To  which  Mr.  Grey  ad- 
ded, That  he  heard  Dr.  Hewitt  fay,  If  any  Judge  or 
Counfel  would  fay  he  ought  to  plead,  he  would 
have  done  it.  At  laft,  the  Queftion  being  put, 
Whether  the  Provifo  fhould  be  laid  afide,  the 
Speaker  gave  it  for  the  Ayes;  but  Sir  Robert  Brook 
ftood  up  and  faid  the  Noes  had  it ;  upon  which  the 
Houfe  dividing,  Sir  Thomas  Widdrington  faid,  There 
were  two  Gentlemen  gone  out.  Several  Motions, 
pro  and  con,  enfued  on  this,  to  divide  the  Houfe  not- 
withftanding ;  and  after  that  it  took  up  half  an 
Hour's  Debate,  Whether  the  Ayes  or  Noes  fhould 
go  out ;  but  the  Speaker  faying  the  Ayes  fhould, 
although  feveral  old  Members  in  the  Houfe  faid  the 
contrary,  their  Numbers  were  138  for  the  Provifo, 
and  163  againft  it ;  fo  this  alfo  was  laid  afide. — The 
Houfe  or  Commons  were  very  merciful  in  all  their 
Proceedings  relating  to  the  Bill  of  Indemnity,  re- 
jeding  feveral  Provifoes  the  Day  after  this;  and  in- 
deed the  culpable  and  inculpable  were  fo  intermixed 
and  woven  with  the  Members  themfelves,  that  it 
was  hard  to  diftinguifh  them. — But  now  return  we 
to  the  Lords  a  little. 

July  7.  That  Houfe  feemstobe  making  Inquifi- 
tion  for  Blood,  drawn  from  fome  of  their  own  Mem- 
bers, during  the  late  Troubles  ;  for  Alderman  Finer 
was  called  before  them,  and  ordered  to  produce  the 
Warrants  for  the  Execution  of  the  Lord  Capel, 
when  he  was  Sheriff  of  London,  under  the  Hands 
and  Seals  of  the  High  Court  of  Juftice  that  con- 
demned him.  It  appearing  to  their  Committtee  of 
Privileges,  that  the  Lord  Capel  was  put  to  Death 
contrary  to  the  Articles  of  War,  for  the  Surrender 
cf  Colchefler^  without  any  Authority  from  any  legal 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     373 

Power.  The  faid  Alderman  delivered  in  two  other  Ar 
Warrants,  under  the  Hands  and  Seals  of  thofe  that 
fat  in  the  High  Court  of  Juftice,  for  the  Execution 
of  the  Marquis  of  Hamilton  and  the  Earl  of  Hol- 
land. On  which  the  Lords  made  the  following  Or- 
der : 

6  Ordered,  That  all  fuch  Perfons  as  had  appeared 
before  the  Committee  of  Privileges,  and  have  con- 
fefled  to  have  fet  their  Hands  and  Seals  to  thofe  three 
Warrants  for  Execution,  (hall  be  fent  for  to  appear 
before  this  Houfe  as  Delinquents. 

The  Lords  heard  a  Caufe  this  Day,  concerning 
two  Officers  of  their  own  Houfe,  Humphrey  Leigh, 
Efq;  Serjeant  at  Arms,  attending  the  Lord-Chan- 
cellor, and  Alexander  Thayne,  Gentleman-Uiher  of 
the  Black- Rod,  attending  the Houfeof  Peers;  where- 
in the  Serjeant  affirmed,  That  all  Warrants  of  that 
Houfe  ought  to  be  directed  to  him  for  apprehending 
and  bringing  of  Delinquents  before  the  Lords  in  Par- 
liament, and  for  carrying  them  into  fafe  Cuftody. 
The  Lords,  after  hearing  Precedents,  and  a  ferious 
Debate  of  this  Matter,  ordered  and  declared,  That 
they  would  referve  the  Power  to  themfelves,  to  em- 
ploy fuch  Perfons  as  they  ihould  think  fit  for  fending 
for  Delinquents,  and  keeping  them  in  Cuftody  as 
they  fhould  fee  Caufe. — A  Place  thought  well  worth 
ftruggling  for,  at  that  Time,  by  the  two  Opponents 

On  an  Information  given  to  the  Houfe,  That  Eli- 
zabeth Cromwell,  Widow,  and  Richard  Cromivell, 
Efq;  £ffc.  had  many  Deeds,  Evidences,  and  Writings 
in  their  Cuftody,  belonging  to  the  Lord  Marquis  of 
Worcefler-,  an  Order  was  made  for  their  Refump- 
tion.  But  we  only  mention  this  to  fhew  how  thofe 
Stars  were  fallen  ;  who,  not  a  Twelvemonth  before, 
Ihone  the  brighteft  in  the  Englijb  Hemifphere. 

'July  9.  The  Commons  went  on  with  their  Bill  of 

Indemnity,  and  the  Bill  for  Confirmation  of  Judicial 

Proceedings ;  the  latter  of  which  this  Day  pafled  that 

Houfe,  after  a  Debate  of  two  Hours \  though  the  Di- 

A  a  3  aty 

374     Tb*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13.  Car.  Il.arv  does  not  give  us  the  Particulars  of  it.  The  othef 
^'^  was  now  a'^°  Cawing  near  a  Conciufion;  and, 
after  all,  the  Mercy  of  the  Commons  was  ihewn 
in  it  much  greater  than  their  Power,  for  there  were 
only  the  following  Perfons,  thav  were  the  lare  King's 
Judges,  and  who  did  not  furrender  themfelves  ac- 
cording to  the  Pioclamation,  excepted  for  Life  and 
iiftate  in  the  B;li,  viz.  Valentine  It'auton,  Edward 
Wholly  Sir  Michael  Livefay,  John  Hugbfon,  Wil- 
liam Gaffe,  Mi  Us  Corbet,  William  Cawley,  Nicholas 
Love,  John  Dixwell^  and  Daniel  Blagrave. 

In  the  Afternoon  of  this  Day  the  Grand  Com- 
mittee for  Religion  fat  according  to  Order;  the 
Debate  on  which,  no  where  mentioned  but  in  our 
Diary,  we  fhali  give  at  large  ;  obferving,  That  now 
was  the  Cornell  whether  the  Prefbytenan  Church- 
Government,  or  the  Church  of  England  formerly 
eftabliihed,  mould  reign.  A  tender  Point  to  treat  of 
at  that  Time;  and  the  Reader  may  find,  that,  in  the 
Courfe  of  this  Day's  Debate,  the  Name  of  Bimop 
was  fcarce  ever  mentioned  by  any  of  the  Speakers 
in  it. 

Sir  Trevor  l^i/Iiams  firft  opened  the  Debate,  by 

y?DJte  en  Keli-  ,-        u        n.   ui  n.    j  n    r    •  j-  u 

si  on  r-fumed  moving  tor  the  eitabliined  Keligion,  according  to  the 
Thirty- nine  Articles;  which  he  faid  was  not  only  ac- 
cording to  the  Old  and  New  Tefhment,  but  was  as 
much  ab  all  that  own  Chriftianity  profefs.  Several 
Members  after  him  fpoke  for  and  againft  this  Mo- 
tion ;  as,  Mr.  Gower,  Dr.  Clayton,  Col.  King,  Mr, 
Broderick,  Mr.  Stevens,  and  Mr.  Tbrogmorton  ;  who 
faid,  All  Proteftant  Churches  did  profefs  according  to 
the  Scripture,  and  mov'd  that  theThirty-nine  Articles 
ihould  be  inferted  in  the  Bill.  Lord  Richardfon  and 
Sir  John  Northcot,  for  the  fame;  Serjeant  Hales  faid 
he  was  for  the  Thirty-nine  Articles;  but  thought  it 
not  fitting  to  join  them  with  the  Old  and  New  Te- 
ftament,  in  the  fame  Paragraph,  but  in  fome  other. 
Mr.  Broderlck  again  for  the  Articles ;  faying,  He  had 
cftenconverfed  withthofe  of  feveral Churches  abroad, 
and  that  all  prorelTeJ  their  Religions  were  according 
to  the  Scriptures  ;  and  moved  for  a  National  Synod. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       375 

Lord  Falkland  fyoke  on  the  fame  Side,  and  faid,  It  An.  it.  Car.  II. 

was  not  fit  to  debate  the  whole  Bill  in  that  Houfe,        l66o« 

but  to  leave  the  Doctrinal  Part  to  a  Synod.     And    ^— -v-— ^ 

Mr.  Peckham  was  not  for  altering  our  Religion  with-        •*•  y* 

out  proper  Judges  of  it,  as  by  a  Synod;  and  urged  a 

Cafe  in  aTrial  in  Wcftminfter- Hall,  where  the  Judges 

fent  for  a  Falconer  about  a  Hawk ;  faying,  Quilibet 

in  Arte  fua ;    and  therefore  moved  for  a  Synod  in 

this  Cafe,  left,  going  further,  they  fhouid  be  like 

little  Boys,  who,  learning  to  fwim,  go  out  of  their 

Reach  and  are  drowned. 

Sir  Heneage  Finch,  our  Diary  fays,  fpoke  moft  ex- 
cellently concerning  this  SubjecT:,  and  faid,  That  not 
one  Letter  of  the  Bill  made  good  the  Title  of  it; 
that  the  Religion  of  our  Church  was  not  to  feek, 
but  we  have  enjoyed  it  long ;  and  therefore  fhouid 
not  now  be  inquiring  for  it. 

However,  he  moved  this  {hould  be  referred  to 
an  Aflembly  of  Divines,  for  which  they  ought  to 
petition  the  King  j  for  he  knew  no  Law  for  altering 
the  Government  of  the  Church  by  Bifhops.  And, 
laftly,  as  for  Liberty  for  tender  Confciences,  he  faid 
no  Man  knew  what  it  was. 

Mr.  Prynne  fpoke  very  honeftly  and  paffionately, 
fays  the  Diary,  in  this  Debate  for  the  Paragraph  in 
the  Bill ;  and  concluded  with  faying,  The  Deter- 
mination of  the  Synod  muft  be  confirmed  by  the 
King  and  Parliament.  To  whom  Sir  Heneage  Finch 
again  faid,  That  the  Original  of  the  Paragraph  was 
from  Cromwell,  and  he  did  hope  they  would  not  cant 
after  him  ;  but  that,  if  the  Faith  grounded  upon 
Scripture,  and  the  Difcipline  according  to  the  Laws, 
were  put  in  the  Paragraph,  he  then  would  give  his 
Confent  to  it. 

Several  more  Members  fpoke,  pro  and  coil,  in  this 
Debate,  till  at  laft  it  was  moved  to  adjourn  it  to  ano- 
ther Time,  which  was  oppofed  by  others  ;  and  the 
Committee  fat  an  Hour  in  the  Dark,  before  Candles 
were  fuffered  to  be  brought  in,  and  then  they  were 
twice  blown  out ;  but  the  third  Time  they  were 
preferved,  though  with  great  Diforder ;  till  at  lair, 
jadds  our  Authority,  about  Ten  at  Night  it  was 


376     The  Parliamentary  H i STORY 

An.  ia.  Car.  II.  voted,  That  the  King  fhould  be  defired  to  convene 
a  fele£l  Number  of  Divines  to  treat  concerning  that 
Affair,  and  the  Committee  not  to  fit  again  till  the 
23d  of  Oftober  next. 

The  Poll  Bill         July  10.  The  next  Day  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
debated.  refumed  the  Affair  of  the  Poll  Bill,  on  which  our 

Manufcript  gives  us  the  Subftance  of  another  great 
Debate,  and  in  which  Religion,  or  Confcience,  were 
again  concerned.  An  Amendment  was  offered  to 
the  Bill,  That  all  thofe  Recufants  that  fliall  refufe 
to  take  the  Oath  of  Supremacy  (hall  pay  double.  To 
which  Mr.  Holies  moved,  that  not  only  Catholics, 
but  other  Recufants  alfo,  as  Fanatics.  This  Motion 
was  oppofed  by  Mr.  Anneftey,  Mr.  Knigbtley,  Mr. 
Bacon,  and  fome  others,  who  were  for  laying  it  on 
Papifts  only  ;  but  Air.  Holles's,  Motion  being  followed 
by  Mr.  Chafe,  Sir  Roger  Brad/haw,  Sir  Walter 
Erie,  and  Mr.  Knight*  who  faid  it  was  the  beft 
Way  to  know  the  King's  Friends  from  his  Enemies  ; 
and  Sir  John  Northcot,  alfo  on  the  fame  Side,  faying, 
It  was  beft  to  lay  it  on  both  Papifts  and  Fanatics 
together ;  for  he  did  think  he  could  prove,  That 
one  of  thofe  Perfons,  who  fat  upon  the  King's  Death, 
was  a  Papiftin  Orders,  having  made  fome  Progrefs 
in  that  Difcovery  already.  The  Claufe  was  taken  and 
ordered  to  be  Part  of  the  Bill ;  and  all  from  eighteen 
Years  were  to  take  the  Oaths,  or  pay  double. 

The  Bill  of  In-  Jufy  *  r-  This  Day  the  long-expe&ed  Bill  of  In- 
demnity pafs'd  demnity  paffed  the  Houfe  of  Commons  ;  it  was  in- 
the  Home  of  tjtu]ed  An  Att  of  free  and  general  Pardon,  Indem- 
Commons,  _»/-»»!•'*  j  i  i  i  /- 

nity,    and  Oblivion ;    and   was   ordered    to  be  fent 

up  to  the  Lords  by  Mr.  Annejley  and  Sir  William 

There  had  been  another  Bill  of  great  Confe- 
quence  brought  into  that  Houfe,  and  read  once, 
called,  A  Bill  of  Sales.  This  was  to  confider  the 
Cafes  of  thofe  who  had  been  Purchafers  of  the 
King's,  Queen's,  and  Church's  Lands,  during  the 
late  Times  of  Plunder  and  Devaftation.  And  this 
Day  the  faid  Bill  coming  to  be  read  a  fecond  Time, 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       377 

a  Debate  arofe,  of  which  our  Diary  gives  us  this  An.  i*.  Car.  II, 
Abftrad :  1660. 

It  was  opened  by  Col.  Jones,  who  moved  the    v— -v— * 
Houfe  againft  thofe  who  had   bought  the  King's        July* 
Lands  and  Woods,  as  alfo  of  Deans  and  Chapters  ;n  ,  , 

i\/r  i       11        u    /•        L    j         .,   Debate  on  the 

to  examine  what  Money  the  Puichafers  had  pa!d}Baiot  Sales. 
£0«<2  jp/dfe,  for  them ;  but  to  coniider  the  Soldiers 
under  General  Monke  at  the  fame  Time.  A  Peti- 
tion from  the  Purchafers  of  St.  James's,  and  St. 
Martin's  in  the  Fields,  being  offered  to  the  Houfe 
by  Sir  Anthony  Irby,  Col.  Shapcot  oppofed  the  Read- 
ing of  it  there  j  but  moved  for  a  Committee  to  re- 
ceive Petitions.  Mr.  Palmer  fpoke  very  high  and 
excellently,  fays  our  Authority,  againft  the  whole 
Bill ;  and  moved  that  the  King's  Lands,  as  well  as 
thofe  of  others,  fhould  be  reitored  to  them  impli- 
citly. Sir  Thomas  Wroth  feconded  this  laft  Motion, 
and  faid,  That,  as  to  his  own  Cafe,  whatever  he  had 
bought  he  did  freely  give  back  again,  though  he  had 
paid  eighteen  Years  Purchafe  for  them.  Sir  Heneage 
Finch  and  Mr.  Knightley  fpoke  to  have  the  Bill  com- 
mitted. Mr.  Prynne,  very  warmly,  That  no  Com- 
penfation  mould  be  made  to  thofe  who  had  bought 
the  King's  Lands ;  that  it  was  againft  their  Oaths 
to  fuffer  it,  except  to  thofe  who  were  antient  Te- 
nants, who  had  bought  the  fame  in  order  to  pre- 
ferve  themfelves  and  Titles ;  and,  in  that  Cafe,  to 
petition  the  King  :  Alfo  to  confider  thofe  who  had 
purchafed  Land  in  and  about  Weftminfter,  which' 
then  was  worth  nought j  but,  having  now  buiit  fair 
Houfes  upon  them,  the  Rents  amount  to  a  con- 
fiderable  Value,  and  will  be  ib  for  the  future.  Mr. 
Goodrich  fpoke  alfo  for  the  old  Tenants  that  were 
forced  to  buy  or  be  turned  out,  and  to  commit  the 
Bill.  Mr.  Barton  and  Mr.  Gewen  for  a  Commit- 
ment alfo ;  but  the  former  was  not  for  confirming 
any  Sale  to  thofe  who  fat  after  1648,  or  High  Court 
of  Juftice  Men  :  The  latter  urged,  That  it  was  the 
King's  Intereft  to  have  the  Bill  committed.  Whe- 
ther it  was  that  tins  laft  Aflertion  ftirr'd  up  the  Zeal 
of  another  Member,  one  Mr.  Calmady,  or  from  fome 
other  Caufe,  but  he  moved  to  have  the  Bill  caft  out; 


378     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  12.  Car.  H. or  elfe,  if  they  would  commit  it,  to  commit  it  to  the 
Neceffary-Houfe  above.  Which  Motion,  as  it 
might  properly  enough  be  called,  Mr.  Annejley  re- 
buked, as  unbefitting  fuch  an  Aflembly. 

The  Debate  ftill  continuing,  Mr.  Stevens  argued 
againft  the  Bill,  faying,  That  they  ought  not  to 
encourage  Evil-doers ;  but,  inftead  of  confirming 
Eftates,  to  punifti  the  Purchafers  :  He  moved  alfo 
for  an  Act  of  Refumption,  wherein  they  were  to  be 
left  to  the  King's  Mercy ;  but  was  for  committing 
the  Bill.  After  him  Col.  Weft  fpoke  for  the  Bill ; 
but  to  allow  the  Purchafers  very  indifferent  Terms. 
Mr.  Knight  againft  it;  faying,  He  could  not  in  Con- 
fcience  confent  to  it,  as  he  fhould  anfwer  at  the  Day 
of  Judgment.  Sir  Anthony  Cope  would  have  all 
Perfons  in  the  Houfe  to  imitate  Sir  Thomas  Wroth ^ 
and  reftore  their  purchafed  Lands ;  which,  he  faid, 
would  be  a  good  Example  to  others  without.  Mr. 
Lowther  againft  the  Bill ;  faying,  The  old  Proverb 
was,  That  he  that  eats  the  King's  Goofe  Jhould  be 
choaked  with  the  Feathers ;  and  that  he  was  againft 
the  Bill  by  reafon  of  his  Oath.  Sir  Thomas  Meeres 
clefired  the  Houfe  not  to  have  a  greater  Care  of  the 
King  than  they  had  of  the  Church  ;  and  faid,  The 
Purchafers  had  already  paid  themfelves;  and  moved 
for  Refumption  and  a  Grand  Committee.  Mr. 
Thomas  againft  much  of  the  Bill ;  and  added  Deci- 
mators  and  High  Court  of  Juftice  Men  to  be  ex- 
cepted  out  of  it ;  but  to  commit  the  Bill.  Several 
more  Members,  as,  Col.  King^  Sir  Richard  Templey 
and  Mr.  Street^  were  alfo  for  committing  of  it ;  the 
laft  to  have  all  Major-Generals  and  Rumpers  ex- 
cepted  out  of  the  Bill :  Not  one  Member  fpeaking 
directly  in  Defence  of  it,  except  Sir  Thomas  Wid- 
drington,  who  might  be  a  Perfon  deeply  interefted  in 
its  Confequences. 

The  Debate  drawing  near  a  Conclufion,  Lord 
Falkland  moved  the  Houfe  in  Behalf  of  the  Queen, 
and  to  refer  her  Cafe  to  a  Committee.  This  was 
feconded  by  Mr.  Montagu  and  the  Lord  Bruce. 
Sir  George  Ryves  fpoke  alfo  in  Behalf  of  the  Queen, 
and  againft  the  Purchafers ;  and  faid,  It  was  not  fit 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       379 

the  French,  who  all  this  while  durft  not  demand  the  An.  i».  Car. II, 
Queen's  Jointure,  ihould  now  be  differed  to  do  it  j         l6f'0- 
but  that  they  ihould  prevent  them,  and  give  her  it  ^ ^~ 
themfelves.      Upon  the  whole  it  was  o;dered,  That 
all  the  King's  and  Queen's  Lands,  Rents  and  Pro- 
fits, be  left  out  of  the  BiJI  ;  and  to  be  referred  to  a 
Grand  Committee  of  the  whole  Houfe,  which  was 
to  fit  the  next  Day  in  the  Afternoon,  upon  the  Cafes 
of  the  feveral  Purchafeis  concerned  in  this  Bill.   Our 
Diary  mentions  the  next  Sitting ;  and  that,  after 
another  long  Debate,   the  Queilion  was  carried, 
That   Petitions   fhould    be  read    before  the  Body 
of  the  Bill  was  ;  but  mentions  no  more  Particulars 
about  it  at  this  Time. 

The  Commons  had  now  no  very  material  Bufi- 
refs  before  them  for  fome  Time :  On  the  i4th  In- 
ftant  the  Poll  Bill  was  pafled,  and  lent  up  to  the 
Lords  by  Sir  Heneage  Finch.  There  had  been  feveral 
Motions  made,  pro  and  con,  on  this  Bill,  Whether 
the  Irijh  and  Scots  Peers  fhould  pay,  upon  their 
Honours,  equal  with  the  Englljb  :  But  it  was  voted 
to  pafs  as  it  was. 

Another  Bill,  For  granting  theKingTonnageand 
Poundage,  had  been  before  them  fome  Time ;  and 
the  feveral  old  Rates,  on  which  this  Tax  had  been 
formerly  raifed,  carefully  examined.  Several  falfe 
Returns  for  Elections  regulated.  A  Breach  of  Pri- 
vilege from  the  Houfe  of  Lords  complained  of,  in 
the  Cafe  of  Alderman  Tichborne,  who  had  been 
committed  by  the  Commons,  and  after  fent  for  to 
the  Lords,  and  committed  by  them  ;  and  when  he 
was  demanded  back  by  the  Serjeant,  the  Ufher  of 
the  Black  Rod  refufed  to  deliver  him.  On  Sir  John 
Northcot's  faying,  That  the  Privileges  of  the  Houfe 
were  too  much  invaded  by  the  Lords,  it  was  order- 
ed that  he  be  fent  for  again  by  the  Serjeant  of  that 
Houfe.  Laftly,  another  Order  was  made  to  take 
off  the  Guards  of  Soldiers,  who  had  for  fome  Years 
attended  the  Houfe,  and  that  the  Lord-General  be 
delired  to  withdraw  them  accordingly. 

380     <T/Je  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  ii.  Car.  II.  But  now  return  we  back  to  the  Proceedings  of 
1660.  the  other  Houfe.  On  the  nth  Inftant  the  Lords 
*"-"T^ ~*  received  from  the  Commons  two  Bills,  viz.  For  a 
•*  y*  general  Pardon,  Oblivion,  and  Indemnity,  and  For 
Confirmation  of  all  judicial  Proceedings.  On  the 
former  the  Lords  made  an  Order,  That  the  daily 
Proceedings  of  the  Trial  of  the  late  King,  by  the 
High  Court  of  Juftice,  in  what  Court  foever  inrol- 
Jed,  (hould  be  brought  into  that  Houfe.  And  the 
Lords  being  informed,  the  fame  Day,  that  thofe 
Proceedings  were  inrolled  in  every  Court,  the  Houfe 
made  another  Order  for  the  Officers  of  the  King's 
Bench,  That,  after  Sight  thereof,  they  do  fpeedily 
fend  a  Copy  of  thofe  Proceedings  to  the  Clerk  of 
that  Houfe.  The  next  Day  the  Bill  of  Indemnity 
was  read  a  firft  Time  by  the  Lords. 

A  Letter  from  Ireland,  concerning  the  Behaviour 
of  Col.  Axtell)  at  the  Execution  of  the  late  King, 
was  this  Day  read  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  in  bcec 

May  it  pleafe  your  Lordjbips, 

Letter  from  Ire- £  T  Have  thought  it  fit  to  communicate  unto  your 

land,  concerning  c  J^  Lordfhips,  in  order  to  a  due  Execution  of  Ju- 

c.    xtt  .       <  ftice,  in  a  Matter  concerning  Col.  Axtell;  who 

'  would  (as  I  humbly  conceive)  have  been  brought 

*  under  a  more  fevere  Condemnation,  than  what  the 

*  News  out  of  England  report,  had  his  Deportment 

*  been  as  well  known  unto  others  as  unto  me,  con- 

*  cerning  his  late  Majefty,  when  he  was  brought  be- 

*  fore  the  pretended  High  Court  of  Juftice ;  for  I 
'  (then  having  the  Honour  to  attend  his  Majefty, 

*  as  being  one  of  his  menial  Servants)  heard  thefaid 

*  Col.  Axtell  advife  and  earneftly  incite  the  Soldiers 

*  then  in  Wejlminfter-Hail,  in  a  barbarous  Manner, 
«  to  cry  out  for  Juftice  (as  he  termed  it)  againft  his 
c  faid  Majefty.     And  on  the  Day  when  that  pre- 

*  tended  Court  pronounced  Sentence  againft  his  then 
'  Majefty,  I  heard  him  then  fay  to  his  Soldiers, 

*  Cry  out  for  Execution  j  which  they  did  accord- 

<in^  'What 

Of   E  N  G  L  A,N  D,       381 

e  What  I  have  now  written  I  am  ready  to  aver  An.  iz.  Car.  ir. 
c  upon  Oath,  whenfoever  I  (hall  be  brpught  to  teftify        l66o< 
«  againft  him ;  which  I  fhould  have  fooner  made    ^'Tp*^ 

*  known  unto  your  Lordmips,  had  I  not  been  kept        ^u  y 

*  m  this  Place  by  my  bodily  Infirmities,  and  had  I 

*  not  been  perfuaded  that  the  fame  had  been  more 
«  publickly  taken  Notice  of  than  now  it  feems  to  be. 

*  Having  nothing  at  prefent  tooccafion  or  juftify  the 
'  longer  Continuance  of  thefe  Lines,  I  fhall  take 

*  Leave  to  conclude  myfelf, 

Right  Honourable^ 
Kilkenny,       ?    Yeur  Lordlbips  mo  ft  bumble  Servant, 

June  30,  1660.    5 

J.    HEOVAR. 

An  Order  was  made  to  fecure  the  Perfon  of  the 
faid  Daniel  Axtell,  and  to  bring  him  to  the  Bar  of 
that  Houfe. 

July  13.  This  Day  the  Lord-Chancellor  inform'^  General  Mmke 
the  Houfe,  That  his  Majefty  had  conferred  the  Ho-c™ke' 
nourand  Title  of  Duke  of  Albemarle  on  the  Lord- 
General  Monks ;  whereupon  the  Houfe  ordered, 
That  he  (hould  be  introduced  between  the  Duke 
of  Buckingham  and  the  Marquis  of  IVincbefter,  the 
Lord  Great-Chamberlain,  without  Robes,  Garter 
King  at  Arms  going  before  him.  Being  thus 
brought  in,  he  delivered  his  Patent,  on  his  Knees, 
to  the  Lord -Chancellor,  who  delivering  the  fame 
to  the  Clerk  of  Parliament,  it  was  publickly  read  ; 
after  which  Garter  King  at  Arms  delivered  back  the 
Patent  to  the  Lord-General  Monke;  who,  by  this 
Grant  from  his  Majefty,  was  created  Baro  de  Po- 
theridggy  Beauchamp  et  Teys,  Comes  Torrington^ 
ft  Dux  Albemarlix.  The  Ceremony  aforefaid  be- 
ing ended,  the  Duke  was  placed,  by  Garter,  between 
the  Duke  of  Buckingham  and  the  Marquis  of  Win- 
cbefter.  The  Lords  ordered  alfo,  That  the  Lord 
Great-Chamberlain  and  the  Lord  Berkley  fhould 
wait  upon  his  Majefty  to  give  him  Thanks,  from 
thzit  Houfe,  for  the  Honour  he  had  been  plcafed  to 


382     We  Parliamentary  HI 

An,  12.  Car. II.  confer  on  the  Duke  of  Afremarlc  j  and  that  he  be 
1660.       ndcted  to  the  Committee  of  Privileges. 

July>  July  16.  The  Cafe  of  the  Lord ;  Vifcount  Purltck, 

mentioned  before  in  the  Tranfa&ions  of  this  Houfe, 
iord  PurleciCs  came  to  be  confidered  of;  when  the  Attorney-Ge- 
.  nejalj  on  an  Qrjer  made  for  that  purpofej  delivered 

:in  to  the  Houfe  the  following  Paper : 

'  Tlie  Attorney- General  reports,  in  purfuance  of 
the  Order  of  your  Lordfhips,  dated  the  26th  Day 
of  June,  1660,  whereby  we  are  required  to  ftate  the 
Cafe  of  the  Lord  Vifcount  Purbeck,  concerning 
Precedents  of  the  Surrender  .of  Dignities  to  the 
Crowns  We  find  that  the  faid  Vifcount  Purbeck  hath 
petitioned  his  Majefty  to  accept  of  a  Surrender  of 
the  Honour  of  Baron  of  Stoke  and  Vifcount  Purbeck, 
and  of  the  pretended  Title  to  him  in  Remainder  of 
the  Honour  of  Baron  Whaddon  of  IVhaddon,  Vi(- 
count  Villars,  and  Earl  of  Buckingham;  which  his 
Majefty  was  gracioufly  pleafed.  to  accept  of,  and 
referred  it  to  one  of  us,  and  his  Attorney-General, 
to  take  Care  that  a  Fine  or  fome  other  Conveyance 
be  made  thereof. 

*  And  we  find  the  Precedents  for  furrendering  of 
Honours  to  the  King  to  be  as  followeth  : 

1.  «  Roger  Bigot,  the  laft  Earl  of  Norfolk,   and 
Marfhal  of  England  of  that  Family,  refigned   his 
Office,  Honour,  and  Eftate  unto  King  Edward  I. 
conditionally,  to  be  reftored  to  him  if  h«  had  Iflue. 

2.  *  William  Herbert,  Ez\\  of  Ptmbroke,  19.  Ed* 
ward  IV.  refigned  that  Earldom, 

?.  '  Charles  Brandon,  Vifcount  Lijle,  furrender'd 
that  Honour  to  Henry  VIII. 

4.  «  Roger  Stafford,  Efq;  15.  Car.  levied  a  Fine 
to  the  King  of  the  Honour,  State,  Degree,  Dignity, 
and  Name  of  the  Barony  of  Stafford  •>  which  the 
King  accepted  of. 

5.  '  Sir  Edward  Tyrrell,  Bart.  14..  Car.  levied  a 
Fine  unto  the  King,  of  the  State,  Degree,  Tide, 
and  Name  of  a  Baronet  j  which  the  King  accepted 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      383 

c  Befides  we  are  informed  there  are  many  moreAn.ia.Car.n. 
Precedents  of  the  like  Nature.  l66o« 

«  And  the  faid  Vifcount  Purbeck  hath  produced    ^— ~vp- / 
unto  us  the  Opinion  of  the  feveral  learned  Counfel,        Ju  y* 
that  he  may  legally  furrender  his  faid  pretended  Dig- 
nities to  his  Majefty ;  and  we  are  alfo  of  the  fame 
Opinion,  that  he  may  legally  do  it  with  his  Maje- 
fty's  Confent,  without  the  Confent  of  any  other 
Perfon  whatfoever. 




*  We  find  alfo  thefe  Informations  to  be  in  thefe 
Words  :  Informed  by  the  Earl  of  Monmouth,  «  That 
'  rather  than  the  late  King  mould  want  oae  to  cut 
'  off  his  Head,  the  Lord  Vifcount  Purbeck  would  do 
«  it  himfelf.' 

«  The  Earl  of  Oxford:  «  That  the  Lord  Vif- 

*  count  Purbeck  faid  he  had  rather  warn  his  Hands 

*  in  the  King's  Blood,  than  in  the  Blood  of  any  Dog 

*  in  England.' 

'  That,  at  the  pretended  High  Court  of  Juftice, 
the  Lord  Purbeck  faid  to  this  Effeft  :  «  That  Brad' 
'  Jbaw  was  a  gallant  Man,  the  Preferver  of  our  Li- 
'  berties ;  and  that  he,  the  Lord  Purbeck^  hoped 
'  that  Bradjhaw  would  do  Juftice  upon  that  Tyrant, 
'  fpeaking  of  the  King.' 

'  Mr.  Danvers,  in  Richard 's  Convention,  the 
I2th  of  February ,  1658,  fpoke  thus,  ftandtng  near 
the  Speaker's  Right  Hand  : 

'  Mr.  Speaker,  I  wonder  that  I  mould  be  accufed 
of  being  a  Cavalier,  or  bearing  Arms  for  Charles 
Stuart ,  which  I  never  did  ;  for  I  proteft  I  fo  much 
hated  him  and  his  Caufe,  that,  becaufe  thofe  of  the 
Name  of  Pillars  did  all  fide  with  him  and  affift 
him,  therefore  I  hated  that  Name  alfo,  and 
changed  it  for  Danvers' 

Monday ,  Dec.  17,  1649.  Memorandum.  *  That, 
the  Day  and  Year  above-written,  young  Robert 
Pillars^  Son  to  Vifcount  Purbeck^  came  in  the  Af- 
ternoon to  the  Earl  of  Monmoutb's  Houfe,  being 

«  then 

384     *Tbe  Parliamentary  His  TOR  v 

An.  12.  Car.  II. «  then  in  ghteen-ftreet^  London ;  and,  amongft  many 
1660.        t  other  atheiftical  Speeches,  wherein  he  denied  the 
^**7)l     ^  *  Immortality  of  the  Soul,  &c.  as  given  at  p.  362  ; 
but  is  too  profane  for  Repetition. 

*  This  is  the  Information  of  John  Harris :  All 
which  Words,  Matters,  and  Things  the  faid  Vif- 
count  Purbeck  utterly  denies. 


Before  the  Lords  had  begun  to  debate  the  Aft  of 
Indemnity,  in  which  the  Commons  had  made  fuch 
a  Work,  in  relation  to  the  Sale  of  the  King's  and 
Queen's  Lands,  &c.  their  Lordfhips  thought  fit, 
this  Day,  to  make  the  following  Orders,  which, 
for  Brevity's  Sake,  we  put  in  one : 

*  Ordered,  by  the  Lords  in  Parliament  aflembled, 
That  the  King's  and  Queen's  Majefties  fhould  be, 
and  was  thereby,  reftored  to  the  PofTeflion  of  all  his 
and  her  Honours,  Jointure,  Manors,  Lands,  Rents, 
and  Hereditaments,  notwithftanding  any  Sales,  Alie- 
nations,   or  Difpofnions  made  by  any  pretended 
Authorities  whatfoever. 

July  ij.  The  AS:  of  Indemnity  was  read  a  fecond 
Time  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  ordered  to  be  re- 
ferred to  a  Committee  of  the  whole  Houfe,  to  be 
proceeded  in  on  the  2Oth,  the  firft  Bufmefs ;  and 
that  no  new  private  Bufmefs,  or  Petitions,  (hall  be 
brought  into  this  Houfe  untill  the  public  Bufmefs, 
now  depending,  {hall  be  difpatched,  except  fuch 
Bufmefs  as  fhali  concern  the  public  Bills,  to  be  pro- 
moted by  any  private  Perfons,  by  Way  of  Provisoes, 
or  otb^:  vvife. 

The  Lords  alfo  made  a  general  Order,  in  rela- 
tion to  the  Earl  of  Derby,  whofe  Father's  Murderers, 
at  a  Court-  Martial,  were  all  in  Cuftody,  That  his 
and  feveral  other  Lords  Lands  which  have  been 
fold,  without  their  Ccnfent,  (hall  be  repoffeffed  by 
them  without  anv  Moleftation. 


Of.    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       385 

July  2O.    This  was  the  Day  appointed  for  the  An.  12.  Car.  II. 
Lords  to  take  into  Confideration  the  Bill  of  Indem-        j66°f 
nity;    and,  accordingly,    the  fame  was  begun  by  a    '     r{~"~"' 
Committee  of  the  whole  Houfe  ;  but  before  we  give         •*  y 
the  Refult  of  thofe  Confultations,    it  will  be  necei- 
fary  to  look  into  the  Proceedings  of  the  Commons, 
in  order  to  carry  on  a  better  Connection  between 
the  two  Houfes. 

We  have  already  given,  from  our  Manufcript  Dia- 
ry, the  Subftance  of  a  Debate  on  Religion,  by  a  Com- 
mittee of  the  Commons  appointed  for  that  Purpofe. 
The  fame  Authority  gives  us  another,  which  hap- 
pened on  the  i6th  Inftant,  in  the  Afternoon;  where- 
in the  Reader  will  find  a  nearer  and  clofer  Combat 
between  Martin  the  Bifhop  and  "Jack  Prejbyter, 
as  Dr.  Swift  humoroufly  ftiles  our  nrft  Reformers, 
than  in  what  has  before  been  recited. 

Sir  John  Northcot  began  the  Debate,  by  fpeaking  A  long  Debate 
very  highly  againft  Deans  and  Chapters;  but  fparedon  Reiis'"jn- 
the  Bifhops,    faying,  The  former  did  nothing  but 
eat  and  drink  and  rife  up  to  play^  or  fomething  worfe  : 
Upon    which   Mr.  •   •  flood   up  and  reproved 

him  ;  but  he  was  juftified  by  Sir  Walter  Erie,  Mr. 
Prynne  fpoke  next,  and  faid,  He  could  not  be  for 
Bifhops,  unlefs  they  would  derive  their  Power  from 
the  King,  and  not  vaunt  themfelves  to  be  'Jure  Di- 
i)ino.  Mr.  Ifalpole  was  for  putting  the  Queffion, 
Which  was  the  Proteftant  Faith,  according  to  the 
Scriptures  and  the  Government  of  the  Church,  and 
according  to  Law.  Mr.  Knightley  was  for  the  Clergy, 
in  general,  faying,  The  Faults  of  private  Perfons 
ought  not  to  make  the  Function  criminal.  Sir  Tho- 
mas Widdrington  faid,  The  Queftion,  as  it  was, 
was  not  tor  a  Committee,  or  even  a  Parliament;  but 
moved  to  make  two  Queftions  of  it.  Mr.  Grove^ 
on  the  fame  Side  alfo,  faid,  The  Queftion  was 
complicated,  and  defired  that  the  firft  Part  of  the 
Queftion  might  be  put;  adding,  That  the  King 
was  then  confulting  with  Divines  about  the  Difci- 
pline  of  the  Church.  To  which  Dr.  Clayton  laid, 
That  Difcipline  was  as  neceflary  with  Dodtrine,  as 

VOL.  XXII.  B  b  Life 

386     'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  n.  Car.  II.  Life  in  a  natural  Body.  Mr.  Stevens  faid,  The  firft 
1660.  part  Qf  the  Queftion  they  fhould  all  agree  in  ;  but, 
for  the  fecond,  not  to  anticipate  the  King,  who  was, 
at  that  Time,  confulting  about  it.  Several  Mem- 
bers, as  Lord  Falkland^  Mr.  Thomas ,  Sjr  Thomas 
Meeres,  Sir  John  Ma/ham,  Mr.  Winfield^  Mr.  P*/- 
aier,  Mr.  Broderick,  and  Mr.  Howard^  argued  for 
the  whole  Queftion ;  which  laft  Gentleman,  par- 
ticularly, faid,  That  as  Monarchy  had  been  fo 
long  interrupted  by  Rebellion  and  Faction,  fo  had 
Epifcopacy  by  Schifm  and  Herefy  ;  and  that  no  one 
that  fpoke  againft  Epifcopacy  offered  any  Thing- 

Other  Members  were  for  dividing  the  Queftion  ; 
as,  Sir  Thomas  Widdrington  and  Sir  John  Northcot 
again,  who  faid,  He  was  for  Bifhops,  but  not  their 
Appendants.  Mr.  Toung  was  for  dividing,  and  not 
to  mix  the  Doctrine  and  Difcipline  together  ;  yet, 
he  faid,  he  was  for  Epifcopacy,  though  he  did  not 
think  it  an  Article  of  Faith  :  And  urged  the  King's 
Declaration  for  tender  Confciences  formerly,  and 
his  prefent  Endeavours  for  fettling  of  Peace  amongft 
all  People,  Sir  John  Temple  argued  for  a  Divifion 
of  the  Queflion,  faying,  The  former  Difcipline  was 
the  Occafion  of  their  former  Troubles  ;  and  moved 
for  a  Synod.  Col.  King  faid,  That  no  Man  could 
tell  what  the  Difcipline  according  to  Law  was ;  and 
therefore  moved  to  divide  the  Queftion.  Mr.  Throg- 
morton  fpoke  highly  for  Bifhops,  faying,  That,  ex- 
cept Scotland,  there  was  fcarce  any  Reformed  Church 
but  what  had  Bifhops.  Mr.  Bunckley  faid,  He 
thought  a  moderate  Epifcopacy  might  take  in  the 
Good  of  both  Parties  ;  and  urged  the  King's  prefent 
Inclinations  and  Endeavours  for  it :  That  Epifco- 
pacy, in  its  Extent,  was  more  boundlefs  than  Mo- 
narchy ;  adding,  That  fome  of  the  Bifhops  gloried 
.  in  putting  down  all  Lectures  in  a  Country,  and  it 
was  a  Fault  to  preach  twice  a  Day ;  but  concluded, 
That  Government  by  Epifcopacy,  if  circumfcribed, 
was  to  be  wiflied  ;  and  moved  to  divide  the  Que- 
ftion. Some  other  Members,  as  Mr.  Swmfen,  Mr. 

Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      387 

Gott,  and  Mr.  Prynne,  fpoke  on  the  fame  Side  j  but  An,  i».  Car.  II. 
no  further  Remarks  were  made  on  them. 

On  the  other  Hand,  the  Debate  ftill  continuing, 
fome  Members  more  argued  for  putting  the  whole 
Queftion,  as  Sir  Heneage  Finch,  who  faid,  The  firft 
Fart  was  not  to  be  put  fmgly,  after  one  hundred  and 
forty  Years  Practice.  Mr.  Thurland  and  Mr. 
Knight  were  for  the  fame.  Sir  John  Talbot  faid» 
Thofe  that  formerly  defired  to  haften  the  Settlement 
of  Religion,  now  ftrove  to  obftrucl  the  Queftion. 
Sir  Heneage  Finch,  again,  to  put  the  Queftion,  Whe- 
ther the  main  Queftion  fhould  be  put  or  not. 

Various  Opinions  now  ftarted  in  this  Debate  :  Sir 
Gilbert  Gerrard  faid,  He  could  not  give  his  Vote 
for  the  Queftion,  untill  he  knew  whether  it  was 
againft  the  Covenant.    This  was  feconded  by  Colo- 
nel Shapcot,  who  argued,  That  many  Things  in  the 
Liturgy  might  be  amended ;  and  hoped  that  Men 
would  not  be  impoiing  on  other's  Confciences :  That 
he  was  not  againft  Bifhops,  but  their  Power ;  and 
moved  to  divide  the  Queftion.     Sir  Thomas  Wbar- 
ton  faid,  He  was  in  his  Judgment  Epifcopal ;  bat 
moved  the  Queftion  might  not  be  put  at  prefent, 
becaufe  the  King  was  in  Confultation  about  it.  Mr. 
Bunckley,  again,  was  now  for  laying  the  whole  Que- 
ftion alide ;    becaufe,  he  faid,  If  it  was  put  amj 
carried,   all  Minifters  made  fmce  1648  would   be 
abolifhed.     Sir    John    Northcot    again    moved    in 
Behalf  of  the  Miniftry,  and  faid,    Many  of  thofe 
who  were  ordained  by  Prefbyters,  were  aclive  io 
bringing  in  the  King.    S'u.Anthony  djhley  Cooper  faid, 
Our  Religion  was  too  much  mix'd  with  Intereft  j 
neither  was  it  ripe  enough  now  to  handle  that  Sub- 
ject ;  and  moved  that  this  Debate  be  now  laid  afide, 
and    the   whole   Committee    adjourned   for   three 
Months.     This  laft  Motion  was  followed  by  Sir 
John  Evelyn,  Sir  Anthony  Irby,  ^Ar.Broderick,  Sir  Ed- 
mund Jennings,    Sir  Trevor  Williams,    Mr.  Chafe, 
Mr.  Bofcawen,  Mr.  Holies,  and  Sir  Heneage  Finch  ; 
and,  after  feven  Hours  Debate,  about  Ten  at  Night, 
it  was  at  laft  agreed  to  refer  the  Matter  to  the  King, 
and  to  fuch  Divines  as  he  ihould  pleafe  to  chufe , 
B  b  a  and, 

388     'The  Parliamentary  Hi  STORY 

An.  la.  Car.ll.and   {O  adjourn  this  Committee  to  the  23d  of  Oc- 

*1^1]    ,  tober  next :     Which  Refolution  of  the  Committee 

ju]Vt        being  reported  by  their  Chairman,  Mr.  Charltan, 

to  the  whole  Houfe,  it  was  confirmed  by  a  general 

Vote  thereof. 

The  fame  Day,  July  20,  the  Lords,  according 
to  Order,  adjourned  themfelves  into  a  Committee, 
to  confider  of  the  Bill  of  Indemnity  j  and,  after  fome 
Time,  the  Houfe  was  refumed,  but  no  Report  made 
of  their  Proceedings  therein  as  yet. 

At  the  fame  Time  the  Lords  received  a  quick- 
ening Meflage  from  the  Commons,  to  haften  the 
Difpatch  of  that  Bill ;  and  another  for  Confirmation 
of  Judicial  Proceedings :  Alledging  thefe  two  Rea- 
fons  for  it,  That,  unlefs  the  latter  Bill  be  patted, 
there  can  be  no  Aflizes  kept,  though  they  are  ap- 
pointed ;  and,  unlefs  the  former  be  the  fame,  the 
Animofities  of  the  People  will  be  increafed,  and 
thereby  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom  greatly  difturbed. 

On  the  Receipt  of  this  Meffage  the  Lords  went 
again  into  a  Committee  on  the  Bill  of  Indemnity ; 
and  the  Houfe  being  refumed,  the  Lord  Roberts  re- 
ported the  Opinion  of  the  Committee  was,  That 
all  thofe  Perfons  who  gave  Sentence  of  Death  upon 
the  late  King,  or  figned  the  Warrant  for  his  Mur- 
der, fhall  be  excepted  out  of  the  Bill  of  Indemnity  : 
And,  that  to  know  who  thofe  Perfons  are,  the  ori- 
ginal Evidences  fhall  be  defired  from  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  for  their  Lordfhips  Information  :  Which 
Opinion  the  Houfe  confirmed,  and  ordered  a  Mef- 
fage to  be  fent  accordingly. 

In  the  Debate,  this  Day,  on  the  Bill  before- 
mentioned,  we  meet  with  a  Speech  in  our  Collec- 
tion, faid,  in  the  Title  Page,  to  be  made  by  the  Earl 
of  Brifto'I)  on  the  Occafion,  which  we  here  infert 
without  any  Comment.  * 

My  Lords^ 
TheEarlof£«-e  T)Eing  to  fpeak;  unto  your  Lordfhips  fomewhat 

fhe  BUlTnS      O  more  jextenctedly  .than  what  is  my  Ufe,  and 
•if-nsiity.          upon  a  Subject,  wherein  there  may  be,  perhaps,  not 


*  Lina'in,  printed  in  the  Year  1660, 

Of   ENGLAND.       389 

only  Difference,  but  even  Fervour  of  Opinions,  I  An.  iz.  c«r.  if. 

find  myfelf  obliged,  by  fomewhat  that  happened  to        1660. 

me  here  the  other  Day,  to  beg  a  Favour  of  your    V-""Tf"""' 

Lordfhips,  that,  if  I  fliould  chance  to  err  in  Forms        Ju  y 

and  Orders  of  the  Houfe,  or  that  there  mould  flip 

from  me,  unawares,  any  Expreffion  that  may  be  dif- 

fonant  to  the  Ears  of  thofe  who  underftand  better 

than  I  the  Force  and  Propriety  of  Words,  you  will 

not  be  fevere  unto  me ;  but  be  pleafed  to  confider, 

That  I  have  been  fixteen  Years  out  of  my  Country, 

and  in  a  Profeffion  far  different  from  what  I  am 

now  a-doing  :  In  Confidence  of  this  Indulgence  I 

fhall  proceed. 

'  My  Lords,  You  have  here  before  you,  in  this 
Bill  of  Indemnity,  the  moft  important  Bufmefs  that, 
perhaps,  the  Houfe  of  Peers  hath  at  any  Time  had 
in  Deliberation ;  it  is  that  upon  which  the  Ho- 
nour or  eternal  Reproach  of  the  Nation  abroad, 
and  its  Happinefs  or  Confufion  at  home,  feems  (next 
under  God's  infcrutable  Providence)  moft  princi- 
pally to  depend  :  For,  on  the  one  Side,  how  abhorred 
a  Nation  muft  we  be  to  all  others,  if  the  Infamy  of 
our  Sovereign's  Murder  mould  not  be  thoroughly 
warned  away,  by  Juftice,  in  the  Blood  of  the  Guilty? 
And,  on  the  other,  what  Happinefs  or  Quiet  can 
we  hope  for  at  home ;  nay,  what  new  Combu- 
ftions  ought  we  not  to  apprehend,  if  the  Criminal 
and  the  Milled,  (between  whom  the  Eye  of  the  Law 
can  make  little  Diftin6tion)  making  up  fo  nume- 
rous a  Part  of  the  Nation,  their  Fears,  which  might 
urge  them  to  new  Crimes,  mould  not  be  fecured, 
by  the  firmeft  AfTurances  of  Impunity?  Punifhing 
and  Securing  are,  certainly,  the  two  principal  Ends 
of  this  Bill ;  and  wherein,  as  certainly,  every  one 
of  your  Lordfhip§  doth  concur ;  but  whether  the 
Means  of  attaining  thofe  Ends  have  been  fufHciently 
lighted  upon  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  in  this 
Bill,  That,  I  fuppofe,  is  the  prefent  QuefHon ;  and 
wherein  I  think  myfelf  in  Duty  obliged  to  exprefs 
unto  your  Lordfhips,  with  Freedom  and  Sincerity, 
my  Judgment,  in  all  humble  Submiffion  unto  yours, 
B  b  3  l  As 

390      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

.  *  As  for  that  Part  of  the  Bill  which  relates  to  our 
Sovereign's  Murder,  I  find  it  fo  fhort,  and  fo  much 
out  of  the  Way  of  what  we  owe,  both  to  the  Se- 
verity and  Solemnity  of  that  Revenge,  that  I  can- 
not but  think  it,  in  fome  Sort,  (pardon  the  Expref- 
fion)  a  Profanation  of  the  due  Rights  of  thatfacred 
Expiation,  to  handle  it  in  the  fame  Bill,  promifcu- 
oufly,  with  other  more  vulgar  Things. 

'  My  Motion  therefore  (hall  be,  That  there  be 
forthwith  a  Committee  appointed,  to  confider  of  all 
Things  fit  to  be  done,  for  the  wafhing  away  of  that 
Stain  from  the  Nation,  and  from  the  Age  wherein 
we  live  ;  and  to  draw  up  an  Act  purpofely  and  folely 
for  that  End.  In  Confidence  that  this  Motion  will 
either  be  embraced  by  your  Lordfhips,  or  that,  if  it 
be  oppofed,  I  {hall  have  the  Liberty  to  fortify  it  by 
my  Reafons,  I  fhall  fet  that  Bufinefs  apart,  and  ap- 
ply my  Difcourfe  to  what  concerns  this  Bill,  in  all 
other  Relations }  in  which  I  fhall  not  make  nice  to 
tell  your  Lordfhips,  that  I  think  it  defective  in  many 
Things  reafonable,  and  redundant  in  fome  Things 
unreasonable ;  and  yet,  notwithftanding,  not  only 
jny  humble  Motion,  but  my  moft  earneft  Preflure, 
as  far  as  with  Humility  I  may,  fhall  be,  That  we 
may  proceed  immediately  to  the  paffing  of  this  Bill, 
with  little  or  no  Alteration. 

'  This,  my  Lords,  may  appear  a  furprizing  Mo- 
tion from  a  Perfon  thought  to  be,  as  indeed  I  am, 
as  much  inflamed  as  any  Man  living  with  Indigna- 
tion at  the  deteftable  Proceedings  of  the  late  ufurped 
Power,  fo  pernicious  to  the  Public,  and  fo  inju- 
rious to  my  own  Particular  ;  in  whom  the  Motion 
may  feem  yet  more  furprizing,  when  I  fhall  have 
told  you,  with  Truth,  that  I  am  irreparably  ruined 
in  my  Fortune  for  my  Loyalty,  if  this  Bill  of  In- 
demnity, to  others  for  their  Diflo^alty,  fhould  pafs 
as  it  is  here  offered  unto  your  Lordfhips :  But  the 
Ground  I  go  upon  is  this  received  Maxim,  as  to 
all  public  Sanctions,  Better  a  Mifchief  than  an  In- 
convenience ;  yea,  Better  innumerable  Mifchiefs 
to  particular  Perfons  and  Families,  than  one  heavy 
Inconvenience  to  the  Public. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       391 

*  My  Lords,  I  profefs  unto  you  I  find  myfelf  fet  on  An- 12-  Car-  **• 
•Fire,  when  I  think  that  the  Blood  of  fo  many  virtuous 

and  meritorious  Peers,  and  Perfons,  and  others  of  all     """"X~ 
Ranks,  To  cruelly  and  impioufly  fhed,  {hould  cry  fo 
Joud  for  Vengeance,  and  not  find  it  from  us. 

'  That  many  of  the  wickedeft  and  meaneft  of  the 
People  fliould  remain,  as  it  were,  rewarded  for  their 
Treafons,  rich  and  triumphant  in  the  Spoils  of  the 
moft  eminent  in  Virtue  and  Loyalty,  of  all  the 
Nobility  and  Gentry  of  the  Kingdom. 

'  What  generous  Spirit  can  make  Reflection  on 
thefe  Things,  and  not  find  his  Heart  burn  into  Rage 
within  him  ? 

*  Here  it  is,  my  Lords,  that  we  Sufferers  have 
Need  of  all  our  Philofophy. 

'  But  when  I  confider  that  thefe  are  Mifchiefs 
only  to  the  Sufferers,  and  that,  to  infift  upon  a  Re- 
medy, might  perhaps  expofe  the  Public  to  an  irrepa- 
fable  Inconvenience,  I  thank  God  I  find,  in  an  In- 
ftant,  all  my  Refentments  calmed  and  fubmitted 
to  my  primary  Duty. 

4  My  Lords,  We  have  here  in  our  View  a  King- 
dom tofled,  and  rolling  ftill  with  the  Effects  of 
paft  Tempefts  ;  and  though,  God  be  thanked,  the 
Storm  be  miraculoufly  ceafed,  we  cannot  fay  that 
the  Danger  is,  untill  we  get  into  ftill  Water  :  That 
ftill,  that  fmooth  Water  is  only  to  be  found  in  the 
Generality's  Security  from  their  guilty  Fears,  and  in 
the  two  Houfes' Union  between  themfelves,  and  with 
their  Sovereign. 

Whether  the  latter  may  not  be  endangered,  if  we 
fhould  enter  into  Controverfy  upon  the  Particulars 
of  this  Bill,  I  leave  unto  your  Lordfhips  to  judge. 

But,  certainly,  as  to  the  former,  there  can  be 
110  Hopes  of  railing  Monies,  or  difbanding  Armies, 
or  of  fettling  that  Happinefs  and  Tranquility  which 
we  all  figh  for,  of  being  governed  under  our  graci- 
ous Sovereign  by  the  antient  and  known  Laws  of 
the  Land,  whilft  univerfal  Fears  lhall  fubfift  by  the 
Delay  in  pafling  this  Bill. 

'  My  Lords,  I  lhall  fum  up  unto  your  Lordfliips 
my  whole  Drift  in  a  few  Words. 

392     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iz.  Car.  II.  *  I  think  that,  in  this  Bill,  there  are  many  Things 
wanting,  which  folid  and  important  Reafons  would 

^"""T)J~  ^J  require°to  be  added,  and  many  Things  inferted  into 
it,  which  Juftice  to  his  Majefty's  Intereft,  and  to 
particular  Perlbns,  would  require  to  be  omitted,  or 
rectified  :  But,  I  conceive,  at  the  fame  Time,  that 
the  Mifchiefs  of  the  Delay  in  paffing  it,  do  far  out- 
weigh all  the  Advantages  of  improving  it. 

'  My  Lords,  I  (hall  conclude  my  Difcourfe,  and 
your  Loidfhips  Trouble,  with  the  Application,  to 
this  Purpofe,  of  a  memorable  Saying  of  that  illuftri- 
ous  Minifter,  the  Cardinal  Mazarine,  at  a  Council  in 
the  Wars  of  France^  whereunto  I  had  the  Honour 
to  be  called.  It  was,  That  in  the  great  Affairs  of 
the  World,  he  had  not  known  any  Thing  do  more 
Hurt  than  thefe  two  Words,  Faifons  Mieux,  let  us 
do  better :  For,  faid  he,  whilft  good